Massimo Galli

Summary

Affiliation: University of Milan
Country: Italy

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in antiretroviral drug-related adipose tissue alterations. Women are at higher risk than men and develop particular lipodystrophy patterns
    Massimo Galli
    Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Milan, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 34:58-61. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Correlates of risk of adipose tissue alterations and their modifications over time in HIV-1-infected women treated with antiretroviral therapy
    Massimo Galli
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, L Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Antivir Ther 8:347-54. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Genetic polymorphisms differently influencing the emergence of atrophy and fat accumulation in HIV-related lipodystrophy
    Barbara Zanone Poma
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    AIDS 22:1769-78. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint IL-7/IL-7 receptor system regulation following IL-2 immunotherapy in HIV-infected patients
    Giulia Marchetti
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Antivir Ther 9:447-52. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint Comparative analysis of T-cell turnover and homeostatic parameters in HIV-infected patients with discordant immune-virological responses to HAART
    Giulia Marchetti
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Chair of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Via G B Grassi 74, 20157 Milan, Italy
    AIDS 20:1727-36. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Description of a "trans-Saharan" strain of human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 in West Africa
    Gianguglielmo Zehender
    Department of Clinical Sciences L Sacco, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:269-73. 2008
  7. pmc Spatial and temporal dynamics of hepatitis B virus D genotype in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin
    Gianguglielmo Zehender
    Department of Clinical Sciences Luigi Sacco, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Milan, Milano, Italy
    PLoS ONE 7:e37198. 2012
  8. ncbi request reprint Incidence of adipose tissue alterations in first-line antiretroviral therapy: the LipoICoNa Study
    Massimo Galli
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, University of Milan, L Sacco Hospital, Via G B Grassi, 74 20157 Milan, Italy
    Arch Intern Med 162:2621-8. 2002
  9. doi request reprint Reconstruction of the evolutionary dynamics of hepatitis C virus subtypes in Montenegro and the Balkan region
    Gianguglielmo Zehender
    Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences L Sacco, Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Chair, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Infect Genet Evol 17:223-30. 2013
  10. doi request reprint Late presenters in new HIV diagnoses from an Italian cohort of HIV-infected patients: prevalence and clinical outcome
    Antonella d'Arminio Monforte
    Clinic of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, S Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Antivir Ther 16:1103-12. 2011

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in antiretroviral drug-related adipose tissue alterations. Women are at higher risk than men and develop particular lipodystrophy patterns
    Massimo Galli
    Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Milan, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 34:58-61. 2003
    ..Our results indicate that women are at higher risk of developing antiretroviral treatment-related ATAs and show a particular and complex ATA pattern...
  2. ncbi request reprint Correlates of risk of adipose tissue alterations and their modifications over time in HIV-1-infected women treated with antiretroviral therapy
    Massimo Galli
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, L Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Antivir Ther 8:347-54. 2003
    ..To assess the correlates of risk of the different types of lipodystrophy and their modifications over time in a cohort of HIV-positive women receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
  3. ncbi request reprint Genetic polymorphisms differently influencing the emergence of atrophy and fat accumulation in HIV-related lipodystrophy
    Barbara Zanone Poma
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    AIDS 22:1769-78. 2008
    ..Crude rates of lipoatrophy and fat accumulation and adjusted relative rates were calculated using Poisson regression...
  4. ncbi request reprint IL-7/IL-7 receptor system regulation following IL-2 immunotherapy in HIV-infected patients
    Giulia Marchetti
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Antivir Ther 9:447-52. 2004
    ..Our data confirm the pivotal role of IL-2 and IL-7 in the regulation of T-lymphocyte homeostasis in HIV infection...
  5. ncbi request reprint Comparative analysis of T-cell turnover and homeostatic parameters in HIV-infected patients with discordant immune-virological responses to HAART
    Giulia Marchetti
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Chair of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Via G B Grassi 74, 20157 Milan, Italy
    AIDS 20:1727-36. 2006
    ..A better understanding of the relationship between T-cell dynamics and the HIV intracellular reservoir in HIV-infected patients failing to recover CD4 cell count following long-term HAART, is required...
  6. ncbi request reprint Description of a "trans-Saharan" strain of human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 in West Africa
    Gianguglielmo Zehender
    Department of Clinical Sciences L Sacco, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:269-73. 2008
    ....
  7. pmc Spatial and temporal dynamics of hepatitis B virus D genotype in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin
    Gianguglielmo Zehender
    Department of Clinical Sciences Luigi Sacco, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Milan, Milano, Italy
    PLoS ONE 7:e37198. 2012
    ..We hypothesise that the main route of dispersion of genotype D was the unsafe use of injections and drug addiction...
  8. ncbi request reprint Incidence of adipose tissue alterations in first-line antiretroviral therapy: the LipoICoNa Study
    Massimo Galli
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, University of Milan, L Sacco Hospital, Via G B Grassi, 74 20157 Milan, Italy
    Arch Intern Med 162:2621-8. 2002
    ..Adipose tissue alterations (ATAs) are a frequent untoward effect of antiretroviral therapy, the causes of which remain incompletely explained...
  9. doi request reprint Reconstruction of the evolutionary dynamics of hepatitis C virus subtypes in Montenegro and the Balkan region
    Gianguglielmo Zehender
    Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences L Sacco, Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Chair, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Infect Genet Evol 17:223-30. 2013
    ..Our data suggest multiple introduction of HCV subtypes in the area, supported by different causes of dispersion: adverse social conditions and unsafe medical practices for HCV-1b and i.v. drug use for HCV-3a...
  10. doi request reprint Late presenters in new HIV diagnoses from an Italian cohort of HIV-infected patients: prevalence and clinical outcome
    Antonella d'Arminio Monforte
    Clinic of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, S Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Antivir Ther 16:1103-12. 2011
    ..To study the prevalence, predictors and outcome of late HIV diagnosis in the Icona cohort, according to the new European consensus definition of late diagnosis...
  11. ncbi request reprint Increased CD36 expression on circulating monocytes during HIV infection
    Luca Meroni
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:310-3. 2005
    ..CD36 is a multifunctional receptor with a wide tissue distribution that plays a crucial role in the cellular uptake and metabolism of lipids...
  12. pmc Within-host dynamics of the hepatitis C virus quasispecies population in HIV-1/HCV coinfected patients
    Flavia Bernini
    Department of Clinical Sciences L Sacco, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    PLoS ONE 6:e16551. 2011
    ..We hypothesize that an important role is played by the enlargement of the viral replicative space...
  13. ncbi request reprint Interleukin-2 immunotherapy exerts a differential effect on CD4 and CD8 T cell dynamics
    Giulia Marchetti
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    AIDS 18:211-6. 2004
    ..The hallmark of interleukin-2 (IL-2)-induced immune reconstitution is the selective outgrowth of CD4 through undefined mechanisms...
  14. doi request reprint Fluvastatin as an adjuvant to pegylated interferon and ribavirin in HIV/hepatitis C virus genotype 1 co-infected patients: an open-label randomized controlled study
    Laura Milazzo
    Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Milan, L Sacco Hospital, Milan, Italy
    J Antimicrob Chemother 65:735-40. 2010
    ..We evaluated in this open-label, randomized controlled study the efficacy of fluvastatin as adjuvant to pegylated-(PEG)-IFN and ribavirin in HIV/HCV genotype 1 co-infected patients...
  15. ncbi request reprint Telbivudine in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B: experience in HIV type-1-infected patients naive for antiretroviral therapy
    Laura Milazzo
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Infectious Diseases and Immunopathology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Antivir Ther 14:869-72. 2009
    ....
  16. doi request reprint Recombination analysis and structure prediction show correlation between breakpoint clusters and RNA hairpins in the pol gene of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 unique recombinant forms
    Andrea Galli
    Department of Clinical Sciences L Sacco, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    J Gen Virol 89:3119-25. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that such hairpins may play a role in the higher recombination rates detected at these positions...
  17. doi request reprint Phylogeography and epidemiological history of West Nile virus genotype 1a in Europe and the Mediterranean basin
    Gianguglielmo Zehender
    Department of Clinical Sciences L Sacco, University of Milan, c o Ospedale L Sacco, Via G B Grassi 74, Milan, Italy
    Infect Genet Evol 11:646-53. 2011
    ....
  18. doi request reprint Different evolutionary rates and epidemic growth of hepatitis B virus genotypes A and D
    Gianguglielmo Zehender
    Department of Clinical Sciences Luigi Sacco, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Virology 380:84-90. 2008
    ..These results show the usefulness of phylodynamic studies in reconstructing the history of epidemics due to highly variable DNA viruses, and in evaluating the long-term efficacy of prophylactic measures...
  19. doi request reprint Reconstruction of the epidemic history of hepatitis B virus genotype D in Albania
    Gianguglielmo Zehender
    Department of Clinical Sciences Luigi Sacco, Chair of Infectious Diseases, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Infect Genet Evol 12:291-8. 2012
    ..Our data suggest that political and socio-economic factors played an important role in determining the rapid spread of HBV infection in Albania...
  20. ncbi request reprint Thrombotic microangiopathy in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome before and during the era of introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Cristina Gervasoni
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, L Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, 20157 Milano, Italy
    Clin Infect Dis 35:1534-40. 2002
    ....
  21. doi request reprint Population dynamics of HIV-1 subtype B in a cohort of men-having-sex-with-men in Rome, Italy
    Gianguglielmo Zehender
    Department of Clinical Sciences, L Sacco, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:156-60. 2010
    ..Epidemiological clusters originating in the early 2000s suggest a recent re-emergence of HIV in Italian MSM...
  22. ncbi request reprint Cytokine production in women with antiretroviral treatment-associated breast fat accumulation and limb wasting
    Massimo Galli
    Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Milan, Sacco Hospital, Milan, Italy
    AIDS 17:S155-61. 2003
    ..To test the cytokine production of peripheral blood mononuclear cells in a group of HIV-infected women with breast enlargement and lower limb wasting while receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) including a protease inhibitor...
  23. ncbi request reprint Immunomodulation induced by tucaresol in HIV infection: results of a 16 week pilot Phase I/II trial
    Andrea Gori
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, L Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Antivir Ther 9:603-14. 2004
    ..In a Phase I/II clinical trial performed on HIV-positive patients we analysed the safety and immunomodulating effects of tucaresol, a novel compound that has previously been described tn enhance cell-mediated immune responses...
  24. pmc Transmission of resistant HIV type 1 variants and epidemiological chains in Italian newly diagnosed individuals
    Alessia Lai
    Department of Clinical Sciences L Sacco Hospital, Section of Infectious Diseases and Immunopathology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 28:857-65. 2012
    ..Intervention strategies of public health are needed to limit HIV-1 transmission and the associated TDR...
  25. ncbi request reprint Vpr and HIV-1 disease progression: R77Q mutation is associated with long-term control of HIV-1 infection in different groups of patients
    Daniela Mologni
    Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Milan, L Sacco Hospital, Milan, Italy
    AIDS 20:567-74. 2006
    ..Recent studies have focused on the role of a mutation at position 77 that might be associated with the condition of long-term non-progression, but data are still controversial...
  26. doi request reprint Trends and predictors of non-AIDS-defining cancers in men and women with HIV infection: a single-institution retrospective study before and after the introduction of HAART
    Marco Franzetti
    Infectious Diseases Section, L Sacco Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy Institute of Biomedical Technologies, National Research Council, Segrate, Milan, Italy Division of Pathology, L Sacco Hospital, Milan, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 62:414-20. 2013
    ..Most studies of the risk and spectrum of NADCs are primarily based on male populations, and only a few have provided specific information regarding females...
  27. pmc Efficacy and safety of a dual boosted protease inhibitor-based regimen, atazanavir and fosamprenavir/ritonavir, against HIV: experience in a pediatric population
    Stefano Rusconi
    Department of Biomedical and Clinical Science Luigi Sacco, Infectious Diseases, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 12:179. 2012
    ....
  28. pmc Increased bone marrow interleukin-7 (IL-7)/IL-7R levels but reduced IL-7 responsiveness in HIV-positive patients lacking CD4+ gain on antiviral therapy
    Giusi Maria Bellistri
    Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, Clinic of Infectious Diseases, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    PLoS ONE 5:e15663. 2010
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Thalidomide in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C unresponsive to alfa-interferon and ribavirin
    Laura Milazzo
    Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Am J Gastroenterol 101:399-402. 2006
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Long-term efficacy of the surgical treatment of buffalo hump in patients continuing antiretroviral therapy
    Cristina Gervasoni
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, L Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Bicocca, Italy
    AIDS 18:574-6. 2004
    ....
  31. pmc Bayesian phylogeography of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus in Europe
    Gianguglielmo Zehender
    Department of Clinical Sciences Luigi Sacco, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Milan, Milano, Italy
    PLoS ONE 8:e79663. 2013
    ..Given the close proximity of the infected areas, our data suggest that the movement of wild and domestic ungulates from endemic areas was probably the main cause of the dissemination of the virus in eastern Europe. ..
  32. ncbi request reprint Does GSS still maintain relevance on HAART outcome after the introduction of newest active antiretroviral drugs? 48 weeks results
    Massimiliano Ortu
    Clinical Sciences Department Luigi Sacco, Infectious Diseases and Immunopathology Section, University of Milan, Italy
    Curr HIV Res 9:625-9. 2011
    ....
  33. doi request reprint Microbial translocation predicts disease progression of HIV-infected antiretroviral-naive patients with high CD4+ cell count
    Giulia Marchetti
    Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, Clinic of Infectious Diseases, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    AIDS 25:1385-94. 2011
    ..We investigated the significance of microbial translocation measured on average 3 years after HIV seroconversion in driving disease progression in HIV untreated patients with high CD4(+) cell count...
  34. doi request reprint Prevalence and risk determinants of HIV-1 and HIV-2 infections in pregnant women in Bissau
    Erika Gianelli
    Infectious Diseases and Immunopathology Section, Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Milan, L Sacco Hospital, Via GB Grassi 74, 20157 Milano, Italy
    J Infect 61:391-8. 2010
    ..To analyse the risk determinants of HIV-1 and HIV-2 infections in pregnant women in Bissau...
  35. ncbi request reprint Abacavir hypersensitivity reaction after switching from the twice-daily to the once-daily formulation
    Cristina Gervasoni
    Clinical Science Department, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Milan, L Sacco Hospital, Via GB Grassi 74 20157 Milan, Italy
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 21:1-3. 2007
    ..At the time of this change, his CD4 count was 1069 cell/mm(3) and HIV-RNA undetectable. Our case suggests that patients should be carefully monitored after switching, and warned about the potential effects...
  36. ncbi request reprint Phylogeny of human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 in Peru: a high degree of evolutionary relatedness with South African isolates
    Gianguglielmo Zehender
    Department of Clinical Sciences L Sacco, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Milan, Italy
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 23:1146-9. 2007
    ..These data show a high prevalence of HTLV-1 infection in HIV-1-positive subjects living in Lima and confirm the presence in Latin America of HTLV-1 strains probably arising from South Africa...
  37. ncbi request reprint [13C]Methionine breath test: a novel method to detect antiretroviral drug-related mitochondrial toxicity
    Laura Milazzo
    Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Milan, L Sacco Hospital, Via GB Grassi 74, 20157 Milan, Italy
    J Antimicrob Chemother 55:84-9. 2005
    ..We used the [(13)C]methionine breath test to investigate hepatic mitochondrial oxidation in HIV-1-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy...
  38. ncbi request reprint Skewed T-cell maturation and function in HIV-infected patients failing CD4+ recovery upon long-term virologically suppressive HAART
    Giulia Marchetti
    Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, Clinic of Infectious Diseases, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    AIDS 24:1455-60. 2010
    ..Analysis of functionally defined T-cell differentiation in HIV-infected patients with low CD4(+) on virologically suppressive HAART is crucial to design clinically efficacious treatments...
  39. ncbi request reprint Analysis of the env V3 sequences obtained from patients with HIV type 1 infection treated with the immune modulant agent tucaresol
    Elisabetta Bulgheroni
    Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Milan, Ospedale Luigi Sacco, 20157 Milan, Italy
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 21:815-9. 2005
    ..The administration of tucaresol did not accelerate env V3 evolution thus preventing modifications of HIV-1 tropism over time...
  40. doi request reprint Bayesian skyline plot inference of the Toscana virus epidemic: a decline in the effective number of infections over the last 30 years
    Gianguglielmo Zehender
    Department of Clinical Sciences L Sacco, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Infect Genet Evol 9:562-6. 2009
    ..In conclusion, our data suggest that continuous and prolonged perturbations of vector/phlebovirus interactions due to the relatively recent climate changes may have contributed to gradually reducing the viral population in endemic areas...
  41. doi request reprint Subtype assignment and phylogenetic analysis of HIV type 1 strains in patients from Swaziland
    Lorenzo Dehò
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Infection Diseases Section, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 24:323-5. 2008
    ..This finding may be explained by multiple introduction of C strains...
  42. pmc Expression of interleukin-15 and interleukin-15Rα in monocytes of HIV type 1-infected patients with different courses of disease progression
    Maciej Tarkowski
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Section of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 28:693-701. 2012
    ..They also provide important information concerning the mechanisms of infection and the potential use of IL-15 as a therapeutic agent...
  43. ncbi request reprint Enfuvirtide administration in HIV-positive transgender patient with soft tissue augmentation: US evaluation
    Eugenia Gabrielli
    Clinical Science Department, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Milan, L Sacco Hospital, Milan, Italy
    New Microbiol 33:263-5. 2010
    ..US can be useful in the correct management of those patients with liquid silicone oil soft tissue augmentation who require subcutaneously injected drugs...
  44. ncbi request reprint Prospective observational study of fever in hospitalized returning travelers and migrants from tropical areas, 1997-2001
    Spinello Antinori
    Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, L Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Via GB Grassi 74, 20157 Milan, Italy
    J Travel Med 11:135-42. 2004
    ..We conducted a 5-year prospective observational study on the causes of fever in patients admitted to a university teaching hospital after returning from the tropics...
  45. ncbi request reprint Maintenance of breast size reduction after mastoplasty and switch to a protease inhibitor-sparing regimen in an HIV-positive woman with highly active antiretroviral therapy-associated massive breast enlargement
    Cristina Gervasoni
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 16:307-11. 2002
    ..Here we describe the successful and lasting treatment of a massive and movement/posture-hampering breast hypertrophy with reductive mastoplasty...
  46. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for HIV/AIDS in a low HIV prevalence site of sub-Saharan Africa
    Francesco Croce
    Infectious Diseases Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences L Sacco, University of Milan, Milano, Italy
    Trop Med Int Health 12:1011-7. 2007
    ..HIV/AIDS prevention strategies must primarily be addressed to traditional high-risk groups and secondarily to unsafe health care procedures in relatively preserved sub-Saharan areas...
  47. doi request reprint Recommendations for the management of mixed cryoglobulinemia syndrome in hepatitis C virus-infected patients
    Maurizio Pietrogrande
    Medicina Interna, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, Policlinico San Marco of Zingonia, University of Milan, Italy
    Autoimmun Rev 10:444-54. 2011
    ..The objective of this review was to define a core set of recommendations for the treatment of HCV-associated mixed cryoglobulinemia syndrome (MCS) by combining current evidence from clinical trials and expert opinion...
  48. ncbi request reprint Identification of a new HIV-1 BC circulating recombinant form (CRF60_BC) in Italian young men having sex with men
    Francesco Roberto Simonetti
    Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Infectious Diseases and Immunopathology Section, L Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    Infect Genet Evol 23:176-81. 2014
    ..These recombinant isolates, designated CRF60_BC, led to the identification of the first Italian circulating recombinant form, which gave rise to an epidemic burst mainly involving MSM. ..
  49. doi request reprint Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome in 2 HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy
    Anna Lisa Ridolfo
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Section of Infectious Diseases and Immunopathology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Clin Infect Dis 46:e19-22. 2008
    ..We discuss the role of antiretroviral therapy-associated metabolic alterations in endothelial damage, hypertension, and reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome...
  50. ncbi request reprint Durability of lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy in individuals with viral load ≤50 copies/ml in an observational setting
    Antonella d'Arminio Monforte
    Department of Health Sciences, Institute of Infectious Diseases, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Antivir Ther 19:319-24. 2014
    ..The main objective is to evaluate the efficacy and durability of lopinavir-ritonavir monotherapy (LPV/r-MT) in virologically controlled HIV-positive individuals switching from combination antiretroviral therapy (cART)...
  51. ncbi request reprint Favorable Therapeutic Response with an Antiretroviral Salvage Regimen in an HIV-1-Positive Subject Infected with a CRF11-cpx Virus
    Pamela Tau
    1 Third Infectious Diseases Division, DIBIC Luigi Sacco, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 30:480-3. 2014
    ..Our results demonstrate the effectiveness of a treatment combination that includes RAL+DRV/r in a patient infected with a complex X4-tropic CRF11-cpx virus. ..
  52. ncbi request reprint High level of genetic heterogeneity in S and P genes of genotype D hepatitis B virus
    Chiara De Maddalena
    Department of Clinical Sciences Luigi Sacco, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Virology 365:113-24. 2007
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Body habitus changes and metabolic alterations in protease inhibitor-naive HIV-1-infected patients treated with two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors
    Massimo Galli
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, L Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:21-31. 2002
    ..Cross-sectional and retrospective surveys suggest that nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) contribute to the metabolic and morphologic alterations observed in patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
  54. ncbi request reprint Low-dose prolonged intermittent interleukin-2 adjuvant therapy: results of a randomized trial among human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients with advanced immune impairment
    Giulia Marchetti
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    J Infect Dis 186:606-16. 2002
    ..Thus, adjuvant IL-2 therapy in immunologic nonresponders resulted in a clinical benefit, suggesting that the quantitative cell recovery involves functionally competent immune cells...