Luigi De Gennaro

Summary

Affiliation: University of Rome La Sapienza
Country: Italy

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Slow eye movements and subjective estimates of sleepiness predict EEG power changes during sleep deprivation
    Cristina Marzano
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Sleep 30:610-6. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Sleep spindles: an overview
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome, Italy
    Sleep Med Rev 7:423-40. 2003
  3. doi request reprint Slow EEG rhythms and inter-hemispheric synchronization across sleep and wakefulness in the human hippocampus
    Fabio Moroni
    Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Roma, Italy
    Neuroimage 60:497-504. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Interhemispheric transfer deficit in alexithymia: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study
    Vincenzo Romei
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Psychother Psychosom 77:175-81. 2008
  5. pmc Sleep in the human hippocampus: a stereo-EEG study
    Fabio Moroni
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
    PLoS ONE 2:e867. 2007
  6. pmc Is sleep essential for neural plasticity in humans, and how does it affect motor and cognitive recovery?
    Maurizio Gorgoni
    Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Neural Plast 2013:103949. 2013
  7. doi request reprint How we remember the stuff that dreams are made of: neurobiological approaches to the brain mechanisms of dream recall
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome Sapienza, Italy
    Behav Brain Res 226:592-6. 2012
  8. ncbi request reprint The spontaneous K-complex during stage 2 sleep: is it the 'forerunner' of delta waves?
    L De Gennaro
    Dipartimento di Psicologia Sezione di Neuroscienze, Universita degli Studi La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi, 78 00185, Roma, Italy
    Neurosci Lett 291:41-3. 2000
  9. ncbi request reprint Amygdala and hippocampus volumetry and diffusivity in relation to dreaming
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Hum Brain Mapp 32:1458-70. 2011
  10. doi request reprint Recovery sleep after sleep deprivation almost completely abolishes dream recall
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Behav Brain Res 206:293-8. 2010

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. ncbi request reprint Slow eye movements and subjective estimates of sleepiness predict EEG power changes during sleep deprivation
    Cristina Marzano
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Sleep 30:610-6. 2007
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Sleep spindles: an overview
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome, Italy
    Sleep Med Rev 7:423-40. 2003
    ....
  3. doi request reprint Slow EEG rhythms and inter-hemispheric synchronization across sleep and wakefulness in the human hippocampus
    Fabio Moroni
    Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Roma, Italy
    Neuroimage 60:497-504. 2012
    ..Further studies might shed light on the role of these low frequency rhythms in the encoding processes during wakefulness and in the consolidation processes during subsequent sleep...
  4. doi request reprint Interhemispheric transfer deficit in alexithymia: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study
    Vincenzo Romei
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Psychother Psychosom 77:175-81. 2008
    ..This study investigated the hypothesis of a transcallosal interhemispheric transfer deficit in alexithymia by means of paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation...
  5. pmc Sleep in the human hippocampus: a stereo-EEG study
    Fabio Moroni
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
    PLoS ONE 2:e867. 2007
    ..Given the increasing interest in the spatiotemporal relationships between cortical and hippocampal activity during sleep, this study aimed to shed more light on the basic features of human sleep in the hippocampus...
  6. pmc Is sleep essential for neural plasticity in humans, and how does it affect motor and cognitive recovery?
    Maurizio Gorgoni
    Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Neural Plast 2013:103949. 2013
    ..We conclude that a better understanding of the sleep-plasticity link could be crucial from a rehabilitative point of view. ..
  7. doi request reprint How we remember the stuff that dreams are made of: neurobiological approaches to the brain mechanisms of dream recall
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome Sapienza, Italy
    Behav Brain Res 226:592-6. 2012
    ..Although preliminary, these converging pieces of evidence strengthen the general view that the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying episodic/declarative memory formation may be the same across different states of consciousness...
  8. ncbi request reprint The spontaneous K-complex during stage 2 sleep: is it the 'forerunner' of delta waves?
    L De Gennaro
    Dipartimento di Psicologia Sezione di Neuroscienze, Universita degli Studi La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi, 78 00185, Roma, Italy
    Neurosci Lett 291:41-3. 2000
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Amygdala and hippocampus volumetry and diffusivity in relation to dreaming
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Hum Brain Mapp 32:1458-70. 2011
    ..These findings indicate some direct relationships between volumetric and ultrastructural measures of the hippocampus-amygdala complex and specific qualitative features of dreaming...
  10. doi request reprint Recovery sleep after sleep deprivation almost completely abolishes dream recall
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Behav Brain Res 206:293-8. 2010
    ....
  11. doi request reprint The electroencephalographic fingerprint of sleep is genetically determined: a twin study
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome Sapienza, Italy
    Ann Neurol 64:455-60. 2008
    ..If replicated, these results will establish the electroencephalographic profile during sleep as one of the most heritable traits of humans...
  12. ncbi request reprint Callosal effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS): the influence of gender and stimulus parameters
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Sezione di Neuroscienze, Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi 78, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Neurosci Res 48:129-37. 2004
    ..Females showed a higher transcallosal inhibition than males, suggesting gender differences in interhemispheric connectivity that concern the anterior half of the trunk of the corpus callosum...
  13. pmc Cortical plasticity induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation during wakefulness affects electroencephalogram activity during sleep
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    PLoS ONE 3:e2483. 2008
    ..Here, we test the hypothesis that reorganization of motor cortex produced by long-term potentiation (LTP) affects EEG activity of this brain area during subsequent sleep...
  14. ncbi request reprint Handedness is mainly associated with an asymmetry of corticospinal excitability and not of transcallosal inhibition
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi 78, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Clin Neurophysiol 115:1305-12. 2004
    ..Motor thresholds (MTs) and motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitudes were also measured in the two groups, as an index of corticospinal activity...
  15. ncbi request reprint Changes in fronto-posterior functional coupling at sleep onset in humans
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Sezione di Neuroscienze, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
    J Sleep Res 13:209-17. 2004
    ..In this network, prefrontal areas may play a leading role in the propagation of synchronizing signals conveyed at frequencies spanning delta to beta rhythms...
  16. ncbi request reprint The relationship between alexithymia, depression, and sleep complaints
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi, 78, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Psychiatry Res 128:253-8. 2004
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Antero-posterior functional coupling at sleep onset: changes as a function of increased sleep pressure
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Sezione di Neuroscienze, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi 78, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Brain Res Bull 65:133-40. 2005
    ..These findings support the notion that a spread of synchronizing signals from associative prefrontal to posterior areas play a role in the wake-sleep transition...
  18. ncbi request reprint Neurophysiological correlates of sleepiness: a combined TMS and EEG study
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Neuroimage 36:1277-87. 2007
    ..However, the lack of an increase in cortical excitability after prolonged wakefulness in males suggests some caution in the generalization of these effects, that deserve further investigation...
  19. ncbi request reprint Oculomotor changes are associated to daytime sleepiness in the multiple sleep latency test
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Sezione di Neuroscienze, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
    J Sleep Res 14:107-12. 2005
    ..Both individual and group results show that endogenous blinking is associated with moderate changes in daytime sleepiness...
  20. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial factors discriminate oligozoospermic from normozoospermic men
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Fertil Steril 79:1571-6. 2003
    ..To compare the profile of psychosocial variables in a group of oligozoospermic and normozoospermic men for assessing the hypothesis of a relationship between impaired seminal status and psychosocial factors...
  21. ncbi request reprint Reproducibility of callosal effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) with interhemispheric paired pulses
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Dipartimento di Psicologia Sezione di Neuroscienze, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi, 78, Italy
    Neurosci Res 46:219-27. 2003
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Alexithymia and dream recall upon spontaneous morning awakening
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Psychosom Med 65:301-6. 2003
    ..The issue of a quantitative and qualitative impoverishment of dream activity in alexithymic subjects was assessed by analysis of the 14-day dream reports of two groups of accurately selected alexithymic and nonalexithymic subjects...
  23. ncbi request reprint Visual search performance across 40 h of continuous wakefulness: Measures of speed and accuracy and relation with oculomotor performance
    L De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi, 78, 00185, Rome, Italy
    Physiol Behav 74:197-204. 2001
    ..Such a performance worsening is evident on speed, but not on accuracy indices, and is strictly related to the deterioration of oculomotor performance, indicating a clear circadian effect...
  24. ncbi request reprint Topographical distribution of spindles: variations between and within nrem sleep cycles
    L De Gennaro
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universit degli Studi La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
    Sleep Res Online 3:155-60. 2000
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Antero-posterior EEG changes during the wakefulness-sleep transition
    L De Gennaro
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Sezione di Neuoroscienze, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi, 78, 00185, Rome, Italy
    Clin Neurophysiol 112:1901-11. 2001
    ..To investigate the brain topography of the human sleep EEG along the antero-posterior axis during the wakefulness-sleep transition, by means of both a single Hz analysis and a grouped-frequency analysis of EEG changes...
  26. ncbi request reprint Slow eye movements and EEG power spectra during wake-sleep transition
    L De Gennaro
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Sezione di Neuroscienze, Universita degli Studi di Roma, La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi, 78 00185, Roma, Italy
    Clin Neurophysiol 111:2107-15. 2000
    ..The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between slow eye movements (SEMs) and quantitative EEG measures during the wake-sleep transition...
  27. ncbi request reprint The boundary between wakefulness and sleep: quantitative electroencephalographic changes during the sleep onset period
    L De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, Section of Neuroscience, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi 78, 00185, Rome, Italy
    Neuroscience 107:1-11. 2001
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint The cyclic alternating pattern decreases as a consequence of total sleep deprivation and correlates with EEG arousals
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Neuropsychobiology 45:95-8. 2002
    ..95). These results indicate that recuperative processes after sleep deprivation are also associated with a lesser arousal instability as defined by the reduction of the CAP rate, which is strongly correlated with EEG arousals...
  29. ncbi request reprint Cortical EEG topography of REM onset: the posterior dominance of middle and high frequencies
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, Section of Neuroscience, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi 78, 00185, Rome, Italy
    Clin Neurophysiol 113:561-70. 2002
    ..To investigate the brain topography of human sleep electroencephalography (EEG) along the antero-posterior axis during rapid eye movement sleep (REM) onset and REM offset, by means of a quantitative analysis of EEG changes...
  30. ncbi request reprint Are polysomnographic measures of sleep correlated to alexithymia? A study on laboratory-adapted sleepers
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Sezione di Neuroscienze, Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Italy
    J Psychosom Res 53:1091-5. 2002
    ..As a further measure of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep characteristics, REM density was also measured...
  31. ncbi request reprint Oculomotor impairment after 1 night of total sleep deprivation: a dissociation between measures of speed and accuracy
    L De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi, 78 00185, Roma, Italy
    Clin Neurophysiol 111:1771-8. 2000
    ..The present study examined the effects of 40 h of sleep deprivation and of time-of-day on saccadic and smooth pursuit oculomotor performance...
  32. ncbi request reprint EEG arousals in normal sleep: variations induced by total and selective slow-wave sleep deprivation
    L De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Italy
    Sleep 24:673-9. 2001
    ..Aim of the present study was to assess changes in arousal rates after selective slow-wave (SWS) and total sleep deprivations...
  33. ncbi request reprint Modulation of corticospinal excitability by paired associative stimulation: reproducibility of effects and intraindividual reliability
    Fabiana Fratello
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome, La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Clin Neurophysiol 117:2667-74. 2006
    ..The aim of this study is to evaluate the reproducibility of PAS with ISI 25 (PAS25), assessed in two separate sessions. Intraindividual reliability of TMS measures was also evaluated...
  34. doi request reprint Recalling and forgetting dreams: theta and alpha oscillations during sleep predict subsequent dream recall
    Cristina Marzano
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome Sapienza, 00185 Rome, Italy
    J Neurosci 31:6674-83. 2011
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Reduction of transcallosal inhibition upon awakening from REM sleep in humans as assessed by transcranial magnetic stimulation
    Mario Bertini
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Roma La Sapienza Rome, Italy
    Sleep 27:875-82. 2004
    ..The aim of the study is to assess, in humans, transcallosal inhibition upon awakening from rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM sleep, by paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)...
  36. ncbi request reprint Intracortical inhibition and facilitation upon awakening from different sleep stages: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi 78, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Eur J Neurosci 19:3099-104. 2004
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint How we fall asleep: regional and temporal differences in electroencephalographic synchronization at sleep onset
    Cristina Marzano
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Sleep Med 14:1112-22. 2013
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Corticospinal excitability and sleep: a motor threshold assessment by transcranial magnetic stimulation after awakenings from REM and NREM sleep
    Mario Bertini
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    J Sleep Res 13:31-6. 2004
    ..On the contrary, the increase of MTs upon REM sleep awakenings should reflect peripheral factors. We conclude that our findings legitimate the introduction of the TMS technique as a new proper tool in sleep research...
  39. doi request reprint Directional information flows between brain hemispheres across waking, non-REM and REM sleep states: an EEG study
    Mario Bertini
    Dipartimento di Psicologia Sapienza Università di Roma, Via dei Marsi 78, 00185 Roma, Italy
    Brain Res Bull 78:270-5. 2009
    ..They also reinforce the suggestive hypothesis of a relationship between inter-hemispheric directionality of EEG functional coupling and frequency of the EEG rhythms...
  40. ncbi request reprint Directional information flows between brain hemispheres during presleep wake and early sleep stages
    Mario Bertini
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
    Cereb Cortex 17:1970-8. 2007
    ..This evidence might open the way for a variety of research lines on different psychophysiological and pathological conditions...
  41. doi request reprint The effects of sleep deprivation in humans: topographical electroencephalogram changes in non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep versus REM sleep
    Cristina Marzano
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    J Sleep Res 19:260-8. 2010
    ..In conclusion, REM sleep and NREM sleep seem to share some homeostatic mechanisms in response to sleep deprivation, as indicated mainly by the similar direction and topography of changes in low-frequency activity...
  42. doi request reprint Procedural learning and sleep hippocampal low frequencies in humans
    Fabio Moroni
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
    Neuroimage 42:911-8. 2008
    ..These findings are consistent with the hypothesis of synaptic homeostasis occurring during sleep, suggesting that hippocampal slow oscillations are associated with local processes of post-learning synaptic downscaling...
  43. ncbi request reprint Paradoxes of the first-night effect: a quantitative analysis of antero-posterior EEG topography
    Giuseppe Curcio
    Laboratorio di Psicofisiologia del Sonno, Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi 78, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Clin Neurophysiol 115:1178-88. 2004
    ..Being considered fragmented and poorly efficient, the adaptation night is discarded for data analysis. The present study aims to provide a quantitative and topographical EEG analysis of this phenomenon...
  44. doi request reprint The effects of sleep and sleep deprivation on task-switching performance
    Alessandro Couyoumdjian
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Sapienza Universita di Roma, Rome
    J Sleep Res 19:64-70. 2010
    ..It is concluded that the ability to adjust behaviour rapidly and flexibly to changing environmental demands, which relies on the functional integrity of the PFC, is impacted negatively by sleep loss...
  45. ncbi request reprint Regional differences of the temporal EEG dynamics during the first 30 min of human sleep
    Michele Ferrara
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi, 78, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Neurosci Res 44:83-9. 2002
    ..The peculiar behavior of the alpha and beta EEG bands over the frontal derivation indicates the need to re-consider the functional role of traditional EEG bands during sleep...
  46. ncbi request reprint Topographical changes in N1-P2 amplitude upon awakening from recovery sleep after slow-wave sleep deprivation
    Michele Ferrara
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi 78, Rome, Italy
    Clin Neurophysiol 113:1183-90. 2002
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Effect of total sleep deprivation on the landmarks of stage 2 sleep
    Giuseppe Curcio
    Laboratorio di Psicofisiologia del Sonno, Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi, 78 00185 Rome, Italy
    Clin Neurophysiol 114:2279-85. 2003
    ..To assess the effects of total sleep deprivation on sleep spindle and K-complex (KC) density...
  48. ncbi request reprint Regional differences of the human sleep electroencephalogram in response to selective slow-wave sleep deprivation
    Michele Ferrara
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Cereb Cortex 12:737-48. 2002
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint An electroencephalographic fingerprint of human sleep
    Luigi De Gennaro
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Italy
    Neuroimage 26:114-22. 2005
    ..One possible hypothesis is that these EEG invariances can be related to individual differences in genetically determined functional brain anatomy, rather than to sleep-dependent mechanisms...
  50. ncbi request reprint Interhemispheric asymmetry of human sleep EEG in response to selective slow-wave sleep deprivation
    Michele Ferrara
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Italy
    Behav Neurosci 116:976-81. 2002
    ..These results support the greater need for sleep recuperative processes of the left hemisphere, suggesting that local sleep regulation processes may also act during REM sleep...
  51. doi request reprint Sleep deprivation suppresses the increase of rapid eye movement density across sleep cycles
    Cristina Marzano
    Department of Psychology Section of Neuroscience, Sapienza University of Rome, Via dei Marsi 78, Rome, Italy
    J Sleep Res 20:386-94. 2011
    ..The depression of REMd can not simply be related to homeostatic mechanisms, as REMd changes were associated with EEG power changes in a specific range of spindle frequency activity, but not with SWA...
  52. doi request reprint Systematic review and meta-analysis of psychomotor effects of mobile phone electromagnetic fields
    Elia Valentini
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Sapienza Universita di Roma, Rome, Italy
    Occup Environ Med 67:708-16. 2010
    ..This systematic review and meta-analysis focuses on studies published since 1999 on the human cognitive and performance effects of mobile phone-related electromagnetic fields (EMF)...
  53. ncbi request reprint Sleep loss, learning capacity and academic performance
    Giuseppe Curcio
    Department of Psychology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Sleep Med Rev 10:323-37. 2006
    ..These results may been related to the specific involvement of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in vulnerability to sleep loss. Most methodological limitations are discussed and some future research goals are suggested...
  54. ncbi request reprint Quantitative electroencephalogram (EEG) in insomnia: a new window on pathophysiological mechanisms
    Cristina Marzano
    Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
    Curr Pharm Des 14:3446-55. 2008
    ....
  55. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric comorbidity in learning disorder: analysis of family variables
    Flavia Capozzi
    Department of Child and Adolescent Neurological and Psychiatric Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
    Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 39:101-10. 2008
    ..This study aimed to evaluate the role of parental relational styles on the development of psychopathological disturbances in children with Learning Disability (LD)...
  56. ncbi request reprint The Impact of Event Scale: validation of an Italian version
    Filomena Pietrantonio
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi 78, 00185 Rome, Italy
    J Psychosom Res 55:389-93. 2003
    ..To validate an Italian version of the Impact of Event Scale (IES) in patients addressing the emotional impact of a recent road accident...
  57. doi request reprint Sleep to find your way: the role of sleep in the consolidation of memory for navigation in humans
    Michele Ferrara
    Dipartimento di Medicina Interna e Sanita Pubblica, Universita degli Studi dell Aquila, L Aquila, Italy
    Hippocampus 18:844-51. 2008
    ..In conclusion, our results indicate that spatial performance improvement is observed only when learning is followed by a period of sleep, regardless of the retention interval length...
  58. ncbi request reprint The role of sleep in the consolidation of route learning in humans: a behavioural study
    Michele Ferrara
    Dipartimento di Medicina Interna e Sanita Pubblica, Universita degli Studi dell Aquila, Italy
    Brain Res Bull 71:4-9. 2006
    ..These preliminary findings shed more light on the role of sleep in spatial memory consolidation by extending to humans the considerable evidence found in animals...
  59. ncbi request reprint Can an inert sleeping pill affect sleep? Effects on polysomnographic, behavioral and subjective measures
    Fabiana Fratello
    Dipartimento di Scienze Relazionali G Iacono, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 181:761-70. 2005
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint Mobile phone emissions and human brain excitability
    Florinda Ferreri
    Department of Neurology, University Campus Biomedico, Isola Tiberina
    Ann Neurol 60:188-96. 2006
    ....