Emanuele Nicastri

Summary

Affiliation: National Institute for Infectious Diseases
Country: Italy

Publications

  1. pmc Leishmania infantum leishmaniasis in corticosteroid--treated patients
    Silvia Pittalis
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases IRCCS L, Spallanzani Rome Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 6:177. 2006
  2. pmc Surgical site infections in Italian Hospitals: a prospective multicenter study
    Nicola Petrosillo
    2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases L, Spallanzani, Via Portuense, 292 00149 Rome, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 8:34. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint HIV-1 residual viremia and proviral DNA in patients with suppressed plasma viral load (<400 HIV-RNA cp/ml) during different antiretroviral regimens
    Emanuele Nicastri
    Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani Rome, Italy
    Curr HIV Res 6:261-6. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint Plasmodium falciparum multiple infections, disease severity and host characteristics in malaria affected travellers returning from Africa
    Emanuele Nicastri
    Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive Lazzaro Spallanzani, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Travel Med Infect Dis 6:205-9. 2008
  5. ncbi request reprint Sex issues in HIV-1-infected persons during highly active antiretroviral therapy: a systematic review
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    J Antimicrob Chemother 60:724-32. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in clinical progression of HIV-1-infected individuals during long-term highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, IRCCS L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 19:577-83. 2005
  7. pmc Human herpesvirus 8 and pulmonary hypertension
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1480-2. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Clinical outcome after 4 years follow-up of HIV-seropositive subjects with incomplete virologic or immunologic response to HAART
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute of Infectious Diseases, IRCCS L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    J Med Virol 76:153-60. 2005
  9. pmc High prevalence of M184 mutation among patients with viroimmunologic discordant responses to highly active antiretroviral therapy and outcomes after change of therapy guided by genotypic analysis
    Emanuele Nicastri
    Department of Public Health, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    J Clin Microbiol 41:3007-12. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Residual viraemia in subjects with chronic HIV infection and viral load < 50 copies/ml: the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Lucia Palmisano
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Department of Drug Research and Evaluation, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 19:1843-7. 2005

Detail Information

Publications64

  1. pmc Leishmania infantum leishmaniasis in corticosteroid--treated patients
    Silvia Pittalis
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases IRCCS L, Spallanzani Rome Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 6:177. 2006
    ..Immunosuppression related to HIV infection, immunosuppressive treatment, organ transplantation, and neoplastic diseases increases the risk for Leishmania-infected people to develop visceral illness...
  2. pmc Surgical site infections in Italian Hospitals: a prospective multicenter study
    Nicola Petrosillo
    2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases L, Spallanzani, Via Portuense, 292 00149 Rome, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 8:34. 2008
    ..A national prospective multicenter study was conducted with the aim of assessing the incidence of both in-hospital and postdisharge SSI, and the associated risk factors...
  3. ncbi request reprint HIV-1 residual viremia and proviral DNA in patients with suppressed plasma viral load (<400 HIV-RNA cp/ml) during different antiretroviral regimens
    Emanuele Nicastri
    Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani Rome, Italy
    Curr HIV Res 6:261-6. 2008
    ..The better virological performance of NNRTI in terms of low residual viremia is consistent with specific literature data, whereas the greater impact of PI on the viral reservoirs is noteworthy and needs further investigations...
  4. ncbi request reprint Plasmodium falciparum multiple infections, disease severity and host characteristics in malaria affected travellers returning from Africa
    Emanuele Nicastri
    Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive Lazzaro Spallanzani, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Travel Med Infect Dis 6:205-9. 2008
    ..falciparum. The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological, clinical, host- and parasite-related determinant factor of the genetic diversity of P. falciparum infections in travellers returning to Italy...
  5. ncbi request reprint Sex issues in HIV-1-infected persons during highly active antiretroviral therapy: a systematic review
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    J Antimicrob Chemother 60:724-32. 2007
    ..Studies of possible differences between men and women in the course of HIV infection give conflicting results. The objective of this study was to assess sex differences during HAART...
  6. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in clinical progression of HIV-1-infected individuals during long-term highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, IRCCS L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 19:577-83. 2005
    ..To assess gender differences in the long-term clinical, virological and immunological outcomes during highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)...
  7. pmc Human herpesvirus 8 and pulmonary hypertension
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1480-2. 2005
    ..No relationship between HHV-8 infection and pulmonary hypertension was found...
  8. ncbi request reprint Clinical outcome after 4 years follow-up of HIV-seropositive subjects with incomplete virologic or immunologic response to HAART
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute of Infectious Diseases, IRCCS L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    J Med Virol 76:153-60. 2005
    ..001). After 4 years of HAART, the risk of clinical progression in patients with immunologic only or virologic only response is low but still higher than in complete responder patients...
  9. pmc High prevalence of M184 mutation among patients with viroimmunologic discordant responses to highly active antiretroviral therapy and outcomes after change of therapy guided by genotypic analysis
    Emanuele Nicastri
    Department of Public Health, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    J Clin Microbiol 41:3007-12. 2003
    ..A relationship between the M184V mutation and a viroimmunologic discordant response to HAART was found. After the genotypic analysis-driven change of therapy, similar rates of virologic suppression were detected in the two groups...
  10. ncbi request reprint Residual viraemia in subjects with chronic HIV infection and viral load < 50 copies/ml: the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Lucia Palmisano
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Department of Drug Research and Evaluation, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 19:1843-7. 2005
    ..To determine factors associated with < 2.5 copies/ml plasma HIV RNA in subjects treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and with viraemia < 50 copies/ml...
  11. ncbi request reprint Viral growth assay to evaluate the replicative capacity of HIV-1 isolates
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute of Infectious Diseases, IRCCS L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    J Virol Methods 115:199-205. 2004
    ..A viral assay to evaluate the HIV replicative capacity is described. The high variability of replicative capacity confirms the need to undertake replicative capacity assay using the whole virus...
  12. pmc Drug-associated resistance mutations in plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells of human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected patients for whom highly active antiretroviral therapy is failing
    Loredana Sarmati
    Department of Public Health, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    J Clin Microbiol 41:1760-2. 2003
    ..85). The mutations with the lowest agreement were 20R, 63P, and 84V in the protease gene and 184V in the reverse transcriptase gene. In eight patients, primary drug resistance mutations were detected only in PBMCs...
  13. ncbi request reprint Non-B HIV type 1 subtypes: replicative capacity and response to antiretroviral therapy
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute of Infectious Diseases, IRCCS L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 20:816-8. 2004
  14. ncbi request reprint Replication capacity, biological phenotype, and drug resistance of HIV strains isolated from patients failing antiretroviral therapy
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute of Infectious Diseases, IRCCS L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    J Med Virol 69:1-6. 2003
    ..In patients failing HAART, the detection of HIV isolates with the R5 biological phenotype correlates with CD4+ cell count, an impaired replication capacity, and a high number of drug-resistance mutations...
  15. ncbi request reprint Brief summary of the legal proceeding
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Scand J Infect Dis Suppl 106:105-7. 2003
    ..The degree of concordance of genotypic assays among 12 experienced laboratories is also reported...
  16. ncbi request reprint Antiretroviral therapeutic drug monitoring in HIV-infected pregnant women: maternal immunovirological outcome at delivery and during the 18 month follow-up period
    Emanuele Nicastri
    Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive Lazzaro Spallanzani, Roma, Italy
    Curr HIV Res 10:606-13. 2012
    ..Evaluation of the clinical impact of the low plasma ARV concentrations during pregnancy on the long-term virological outcome deserves further larger studies...
  17. ncbi request reprint Effect of suppressing HIV viremia on the HIV progression of patients undergoing a genotype resistance test after treatment failure
    M Zaccarelli
    Clinical Department, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, Via Portuense 292, 00149, Rome, Italy
    Infection 37:203-9. 2009
    ..To assess the role of viral suppression on clinical progression following a genotypic resistance test (GRT), we have examined a database on patients failing to respond to combined antiretroviral therapy (cART)...
  18. ncbi request reprint Decrease of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus prevalence after introduction of a surgical antibiotic prophylaxis protocol in an Italian hospital
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani, Via Portuense 292 00149, Rome, Italy
    New Microbiol 31:519-25. 2008
    ..026). In our experience, the reduction of 3rd generation cephalosporin use was an effective strategy to reduce the MRSA infection rate and was associated with the reduction of the overall expenditure for antibiotics in the hospital...
  19. ncbi request reprint Cellular HIV-1 DNA quantitation in patients during simplification therapy with protease inhibitor-sparing regimens
    Loredana Sarmati
    Department of Public Health and Cellular Biology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    J Med Virol 79:880-6. 2007
    ..In addition, sustained suppression of the plasma viral load was significantly correlated with low levels of proviral DNA before treatment simplification...
  20. ncbi request reprint Discordant response to antiretroviral therapy: HIV isolation, genotypic mutations, T-cell proliferation and cytokine production
    Gabriella d'Ettorre
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 16:1877-85. 2002
    ..To study virologic and immunologic factors associated with discordant treatment response in HIV-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)...
  21. doi request reprint Molecular diagnosis and species identification of imported malaria in returning travellers in Italy
    Maria Grazia Paglia
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani, Via Portuense 292, 00149 Rome, Italy
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 72:175-80. 2012
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Use of genotypic assays for the detection of HIV antiretroviral resistance
    Emanuele Nicastri
    Department of Epidemiology, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, L Spallanzani IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Scand J Infect Dis Suppl 106:24-8. 2003
    ..Randomized clinical trials to allow general recommendations for the use of resistance assays in clinical practice are still urgently required...
  23. doi request reprint Effect of raltegravir on the total and unintegrated proviral HIV DNA during raltegravir-based HAART
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Antivir Ther 16:797-803. 2011
    ..The aim of the study is to test if raltegravir plasma concentrations can be associated with proviral DNA decline during raltegravir-based salvage therapy...
  24. ncbi request reprint The legal proceeding on the use of genotypic assays for the detection of HIV antiretroviral resistance in Italy: background and rationale for a consensus conference to establish guidelines
    Giuseppe Ippolito
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases INMI, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Scand J Infect Dis Suppl 106:8-11. 2003
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Nosocomial pulmonary infections in HIV-positive patients
    Nicola Petrosillo
    National Institute for Infectious Disease L Spallanzani, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Curr Opin Pulm Med 11:231-5. 2005
    ..Nosocomial pulmonary infections (NPI) appear to be more common in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), as a result of the degree of immunosuppression, prior use of antibiotics, and exposure to invasive procedures...
  26. pmc Septic shock after seasonal influenza vaccination in an HIV-infected patient during treatment with etanercept for rheumatoid arthritis: a case report
    Pasquale De Nardo
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 20:761-4. 2013
    ..We describe a case of septic shock and multiorgan failure that occurred after etanercept initiation and influenza vaccination in an HIV-infected woman with rheumatoid arthritis...
  27. ncbi request reprint The legal proceeding: introduction of the witnesses
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani, Via Portuense 292, 00149 Rome, Italy
    Scand J Infect Dis Suppl 106:58-60. 2003
  28. pmc Left thigh phlegmon caused by Nocardia farcinica identified by 16S rRNA sequencing in a patient with leprosy: a case report
    Pasquale De Nardo
    Lazzaro Spallanzani National Institute for Infectious Diseases IRCCS, Via Portuense 292, Rome, 00149, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 13:162. 2013
    ..However, recent literature is limited. We report a case of left thigh phlegmon caused by N. farcinica that occurred in a patient with leprosy undergoing treatment with prednisone for leprosy reaction...
  29. doi request reprint Accuracy of indirect haemagglutination and western blot assays for the detection of anti-Schistosoma antibodies in non-severe febrile patients in two Tanzanian hospitals
    Nazario Bevilacqua
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Scand J Infect Dis 44:453-8. 2012
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Use of novel antiretroviral agents in rescue regimens: a case of early virological failure to raltegravir
    Chiara Tommasi
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, INMI, L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Scand J Infect Dis 42:237-9. 2010
    ..We describe the clinical outcome of a heavily antiretroviral-experienced patient who experienced early failure to raltegravir...
  31. pmc Improvement of tuberculosis laboratory capacity on Pemba Island, Zanzibar: a health cooperation project
    Maria G Paglia
    Microbiology Laboratory, Epidemiology and Clinical Departments, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    PLoS ONE 7:e44109. 2012
    ..An advanced TB laboratory can represent a low cost solution to strengthen the TB diagnosis, to provide capacity building and mid-term sustainability...
  32. ncbi request reprint Transplacental transfer of antiretroviral drugs and newborn birth weight in HIV-infected pregnant women
    Jelena Ivanovic
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Curr HIV Res 7:620-5. 2009
    ....
  33. doi request reprint Strengthening tuberculosis diagnosis in a low-resource setting: experience learned in Dodoma, Tanzania
    Angela Cannas
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases INMI L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    J Infect Dev Ctries 7:676-9. 2013
    ..Diagnosing tuberculosis in low-resource settings mostly relies on sputum smear microscopy. Improvement through capacity building is a priority. This project aimed to strengthen tuberculosis diagnosis at an intermediate level laboratory...
  34. pmc Treatment of Recurrent Hepatocellular Carcinoma with Sorafenib in a HIV/HCV Co-Infected patient in HAART: A Case Report
    Pasquale De Nardo
    Clinical Department of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Infectious Diseases IRCCS L, Spallanzani, Via Portuense 292, 00149, Rome, Italy
    Infect Agent Cancer 7:15. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  35. pmc Viral hemorrhagic fevers: advancing the level of treatment
    Giuseppe Ippolito
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    BMC Med 10:31. 2012
    ..Here we discuss the current knowledge about VHF clinical management to propose a way to step up the approach to VHFs beyond the mere application of infection control measures...
  36. doi request reprint Seroprevalence of dengue infection: a cross-sectional survey in mainland Tanzania and on Pemba Island, Zanzibar
    Francesco Vairo
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Int J Infect Dis 16:e44-6. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to provide seroprevalence data on dengue infection in Tanzania...
  37. doi request reprint Healthcare-associated infection in Italy: annual point-prevalence surveys, 2002-2004
    Simone Lanini
    Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive Lazzaro Spallanzani, Roma, Italy
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 30:659-65. 2009
    ..Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. During the period from 2002 through 2004, a group of Italian hospitals was recruited to conduct HAI point-prevalence surveys...
  38. ncbi request reprint Contamination by hepatitis B and C viruses in the dialysis setting
    Nicola Froio
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Am J Kidney Dis 42:546-50. 2003
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Incidence and risk factors associated with pressure ulcers among patients with HIV infection
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, L Spallanzani, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Adv Skin Wound Care 17:226-31. 2004
    ..To assess the incidence of and risk factors for pressure ulcers among patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection...
  40. ncbi request reprint Nosocomial bloodstream infections among human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: incidence and risk factors
    Nicola Petrosillo
    Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive L Spallanzani, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, 00149 Rome, Italy
    Clin Infect Dis 34:677-85. 2002
    ..6% and 7.2% among patients with and without NBSIs, respectively (P<.00001). In the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy, NBSIs continue to occur frequently and remain severe and life-threatening manifestations...
  41. pmc Marked increase in etravirine and saquinavir plasma concentrations during atovaquone/proguanil prophylaxis
    Chiara Tommasi
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases L, Spallanzani, Via Portuense 292, 00149 Rome, Italy
    Malar J 10:141. 2011
    ..The evidence that atovaquone/proguanil significantly interacts with etravirine and saquinavir, but not with raltegravir and maraviroc, suggests that the mechanism of interaction is related to cytochrome P450...
  42. doi request reprint Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: the superbug
    Giuseppe Ippolito
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, Via Portuense 293, 00149 Rome, Italy
    Int J Infect Dis 14:S7-11. 2010
    ..This review will briefly discuss the epidemiology, costs, outcome, and therapeutic options for the management of MRSA infections...
  43. doi request reprint Consensus document on controversial issues in the diagnosis and treatment of bloodstream infections and endocarditis
    Evangelo Boumis
    Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive, I R C C S Lazzaro Spallanzani, Roma, Italy
    Int J Infect Dis 14:S23-38. 2010
    ..The introduction of new antibiotics with activity against these strains has created new opportunities, but many controversial issues remain...
  44. ncbi request reprint Plasma HIV RNA decline and emergence of drug resistance mutations among patients with multiple virologic failures receiving resistance testing-guided HAART
    Valerio Tozzi
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, 00149 Rome, Italy
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 24:787-96. 2008
    ..In contrast, early changes in PVL levels were not. Virologic failure was associated with detection of emergent DRMs. Virologic rebound in patients on salvage-HAART should be addressed aggressively...
  45. ncbi request reprint Surgical site infections in plastic surgery: an italian multicenter study
    Cecilia M J Drapeau
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    J Surg Res 143:393-7. 2007
    ..The aim of the present study was to assess the SSI frequency in plastic and reconstructive surgery settings in Italy and to evaluate the associated risk factors...
  46. doi request reprint Sonographic assessment of facial HIV-related lypoatrophy
    Ada Petrone
    Diagnostic Department, Radiology, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Rome, Italy
    Dermatol Surg 35:1066-72. 2009
    ..To investigate the utility of ultrasonography (US) for assessing and grading facial lypoatrophy (FLA) in patients with HIV...
  47. ncbi request reprint Low-density lipoprotein and ritonavir: an interaction between antiretrovirals and lipids mediated by P-glycoprotein
    Massimo Tempestilli
    Clinical Biochemistry and Pharmacology Laboratory, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, L Spallanzani IRCCS, Via Portuense, 292, 00149 Rome, Italy
    J Antimicrob Chemother 69:1760-6. 2014
    ..Furthermore, several studies showed that P-gp is involved in lipid homeostasis and its activity is regulated by cholesterol...
  48. doi request reprint Resistant and multi-resistant Gram-positive severe infections: the GISIG working methodology
    Francesco N Lauria
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Int J Infect Dis 14:S13-7. 2010
    ..The five group coordinators received training courses on data sources and electronic databases, literature search strategies, the scientific revision methods of quality assessment, and the construction of an evidence matrix...
  49. ncbi request reprint A nosocomial and occupational cluster of hepatitis A virus infection in a pediatric ward
    Nicola Petrosillo
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Lazzaro Spallanzani, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 23:343-5. 2002
    ..An interview with the unit personnel revealed several breaches in infection control measures and the lack of vaccination of healthcare workers against HAV ...
  50. pmc Discordance between genotypic and phenotypic drug resistance profiles in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 strains isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells
    Loredana Sarmati
    Department of Public Health, University of Rome Tor Vergata IRCCS L Spallanzani, Italy
    J Clin Microbiol 40:335-40. 2002
    ..Despite the low number of patients and the short follow-up period, this study suggests that during failing therapy with analogue nucleosides, a phenotypic analysis could be performed in spite of an HIV genotypic sensitivity pattern...
  51. ncbi request reprint Prevalence trend and correlates of HHV-8 infection in HIV-infected patients
    Saverio Giuseppe Parisi
    Institute of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University of Verona, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:295-9. 2002
    ..In conclusion, HHV-8 seroprevalence appears to be increased during 10 years among HIV-infected injection drug users but not among homosexual men, who remain those at the highest risk of infection...
  52. pmc Association between cellular human immunodeficiency virus DNA level and immunological parameters in patients with undetectable plasma viremia level during highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Loredana Sarmati
    Department of Public Health and Cellular Biology, University of Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
    J Clin Microbiol 43:6183-5. 2005
    ..005) CD4 counts and a prolonged duration of treatment (P = 0.001). At adjusted analysis, prolonged duration of treatment was independently associated with lower (P = 0.006) and undetectable (P < 0.001) HIV DNA values...
  53. ncbi request reprint Reply to "Different degree of immune recovery using antiretroviral regimens with protease inhibitors or non-nucleosides", by Barreiro et al
    Emanuele Nicastri
    AIDS 17:447-8. 2003
  54. pmc Human immunodeficiency virus polymorphisms and zidovudine resistance
    Emanuele Nicastri
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 47:2714; author reply 2714-5. 2003
  55. ncbi request reprint Primary human herpesvirus 8 infection in immunocompetent children
    Massimo Andreoni
    Department of Public Health and Cellular Biology, University Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
    JAMA 287:1295-300. 2002
    ..Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) infection causes Kaposi sarcoma and lymphoproliferative disorders in immunosuppressed adults. Its manifestations in immunocompetent hosts are unknown...
  56. ncbi request reprint Human herpesvirus 8 cytoviraemia rebound in a patient with Kaposi's sarcoma after a short interruption of efficient antiretroviral therapy
    Saverio Giuseppe Parisi
    AIDS 16:1089-91. 2002
  57. ncbi request reprint Initial treatment of HIV-1 infection
    Emanuele Nicastri
    N Engl J Med 359:970-1; author reply 971. 2008
  58. pmc Stavudine protective function and emergence of Lamivudine resistance
    Emanuele Nicastri
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 47:1176; author reply 1176. 2003
  59. ncbi request reprint [Cases of Chikungunya fever in Italy in travellers returning from the Indian Ocean and risk of introduction of the disease to Italy]
    Francesco Maria Fusco
    Dipartimento di Ricerca Sperimentale, INMI L Spallanzani, Roma, Italy
    Infez Med 14:238-45. 2006
    ..We describe 7 cases of Chikungunya fever imported into Italy by travellers returning from affected countries. The current outbreak is described, and the risk of establishment of a chain of transmission in Italy is discussed...
  60. pmc SARS and the removal of personal protective equipment
    Vincenzo Puro
    CMAJ 170:930. 2004
  61. ncbi request reprint Eosinophilic meningitis in a returned traveler from Santo Domingo: case report and review
    Sebastiano Leone
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy
    J Travel Med 14:407-10. 2007
    ..Treatment with mebendazole and steroids was effective. The presence of persistent headache, fever, and eosinophilia in travelers who return from developing countries should alert clinicians to the possibility of EM...
  62. ncbi request reprint [Severe acute respiratory syndrome: the first transmissible disease of the 21st century]
    Emanuele Nicastri
    II Divisione, Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani, Roma
    Recenti Prog Med 94:295-303. 2003
    ..The spread of SARS, to less developed country with limited resource for public health programs, represent the emerging alarming threat in the new global scenario...
  63. ncbi request reprint Stopping antiretroviral therapy: role for therapeutic drug monitoring
    Chiara Tommasi
    AIDS 22:315-6. 2008
  64. ncbi request reprint Eight days vs 15 days of antibiotics for ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Emanuele Nicastri
    JAMA 291:820; author reply 820. 2004