Marco Mula

Summary

Country: Italy

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint New antiepileptic drugs: molecular targets
    Marco Mula
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Corso Mazzini 18, Novara, Italy
    Cent Nerv Syst Agents Med Chem 9:79-86. 2009
  2. doi request reprint Obsessive-compulsive-spectrum symptoms in patients with focal dystonia, hemifacial spasm, and healthy subjects
    Marco Mula
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, A Avogadro University Division of Neurology, University Hospital, Maggiore della Carità, Novara, Italy
    J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 24:81-6. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Epilepsy-induced behavioral changes during the ictal phase
    Marco Mula
    Division of Neurology, Trinity Hospital, Borgomanero, Italy Electronic address
    Epilepsy Behav 30:14-6. 2014
  4. doi request reprint The interictal dysphoric disorder of epilepsy: a still open debate
    Marco Mula
    Division of Neurology, Trinity Hospital, Viale Zoppis 10, 28021, Borgomanero, Italy
    Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 13:355. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Emerging drugs for focal epilepsy
    Marco Mula
    Amedeo Avogadro University, University Hospital Maggiore della Carità, Division of Neurology, c so Mazzini 18, 28100 Novara, Italy
    Expert Opin Emerg Drugs 18:87-95. 2013
  6. doi request reprint Antiepileptic drugs and suicidality: an expert consensus statement from the Task Force on Therapeutic Strategies of the ILAE Commission on Neuropsychobiology
    Marco Mula
    Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsia 54:199-203. 2013
  7. doi request reprint Validation of the Italian version of the Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy (NDDI-E)
    M Mula
    Division of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsy Behav 24:329-31. 2012
  8. doi request reprint Recent and future antiepileptic drugs and their impact on cognition: what can we expect?
    Marco Mula
    Division of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, C so Mazzini, 18 28100 Novara, Italy
    Expert Rev Neurother 12:667-71. 2012
  9. doi request reprint Epilepsy and bipolar disorders
    Marco Mula
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Amedeo Avogadro University, Division of Neurology, University Hospital Maggiore della Carità, Corso Mazzini 18, 28100 Novara, Italy
    Expert Rev Neurother 10:13-23. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Manic/hypomanic symptoms and quality of life measures in patients with epilepsy
    Marco Mula
    The Neuropsychiatry Research Group and the Epilepsy Centre, Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, C so Mazzini, 18, 28100 Novara, Italy
    Seizure 18:530-2. 2009

Detail Information

Publications57

  1. ncbi request reprint New antiepileptic drugs: molecular targets
    Marco Mula
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Corso Mazzini 18, Novara, Italy
    Cent Nerv Syst Agents Med Chem 9:79-86. 2009
    ..In this review the molecular targets for new AEDs are discussed, providing further suggestions on how future research can be improved...
  2. doi request reprint Obsessive-compulsive-spectrum symptoms in patients with focal dystonia, hemifacial spasm, and healthy subjects
    Marco Mula
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, A Avogadro University Division of Neurology, University Hospital, Maggiore della Carità, Novara, Italy
    J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 24:81-6. 2012
    ..Despite the different pathophysiology, OCD is highly represented in both FD and HFS, with different thematic content characterizing the two conditions...
  3. doi request reprint Epilepsy-induced behavioral changes during the ictal phase
    Marco Mula
    Division of Neurology, Trinity Hospital, Borgomanero, Italy Electronic address
    Epilepsy Behav 30:14-6. 2014
    ..This paper reviews clinically relevant behavioral patterns during seizures discussing clinical phenomenology and relevance in terms of lateralizing value...
  4. doi request reprint The interictal dysphoric disorder of epilepsy: a still open debate
    Marco Mula
    Division of Neurology, Trinity Hospital, Viale Zoppis 10, 28021, Borgomanero, Italy
    Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 13:355. 2013
    ..Further studies identifying specific behavioral endophenotypes may have practical implications in terms of prognosis and tailored treatment strategies...
  5. doi request reprint Emerging drugs for focal epilepsy
    Marco Mula
    Amedeo Avogadro University, University Hospital Maggiore della Carità, Division of Neurology, c so Mazzini 18, 28100 Novara, Italy
    Expert Opin Emerg Drugs 18:87-95. 2013
    ..Epilepsy is one of the most common serious neurological disorders in adults, affecting approximately 50 million people worldwide at a total annual cost, in Europe, of approximately 15.5 billion Euros...
  6. doi request reprint Antiepileptic drugs and suicidality: an expert consensus statement from the Task Force on Therapeutic Strategies of the ILAE Commission on Neuropsychobiology
    Marco Mula
    Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsia 54:199-203. 2013
    ....
  7. doi request reprint Validation of the Italian version of the Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy (NDDI-E)
    M Mula
    Division of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsy Behav 24:329-31. 2012
    ..943 (CI95%=0.902-0.985; SE 0.021; p<0.001), a cut off score of 13, a sensitivity of 86.2%, a specificity of 89%, a positive predictive value of 71.4%, and a negative predictive value of 95.3%...
  8. doi request reprint Recent and future antiepileptic drugs and their impact on cognition: what can we expect?
    Marco Mula
    Division of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, C so Mazzini, 18 28100 Novara, Italy
    Expert Rev Neurother 12:667-71. 2012
    ..Perampanel and ganaxolone are still in Phase III development, but the mechanism of action of these compounds is in line with a more sedative than neutral profile...
  9. doi request reprint Epilepsy and bipolar disorders
    Marco Mula
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Amedeo Avogadro University, Division of Neurology, University Hospital Maggiore della Carità, Corso Mazzini 18, 28100 Novara, Italy
    Expert Rev Neurother 10:13-23. 2010
    ..The present paper reviews available evidence regarding such an intriguing comorbidity in order to discuss valuable clinical issues and to suggest novel therapeutic strategies...
  10. doi request reprint Manic/hypomanic symptoms and quality of life measures in patients with epilepsy
    Marco Mula
    The Neuropsychiatry Research Group and the Epilepsy Centre, Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, C so Mazzini, 18, 28100 Novara, Italy
    Seizure 18:530-2. 2009
    ..In this study, we sought to investigate their relationship with social and health-related QoL measures in patients with epilepsy...
  11. doi request reprint Health-related quality of life measures and psychiatric comorbidity in patients with migraine
    M Mula
    Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Eur J Neurol 16:1017-21. 2009
    ..This study aimed at investigating associations between HRQoL and comorbid mood and anxiety disorders...
  12. doi request reprint Antiepileptic drugs and psychopathology of epilepsy: an update
    Marco Mula
    Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Epileptic Disord 11:1-9. 2009
    ..A previous history of psychiatric disorder or a familial predisposition are important risk factors and should be always considered when choosing the appropriate AED...
  13. ncbi request reprint Anticonvulsants - antidepressants pharmacokinetic drug interactions: the role of the CYP450 system in psychopharmacology
    Marco Mula
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Curr Drug Metab 9:730-7. 2008
    ..When prescribed with well-known inducers, the drug dose needs to be adjusted in relationship with the clinical response...
  14. doi request reprint Interictal dysphoric disorder and periictal dysphoric symptoms in patients with epilepsy
    Marco Mula
    Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsia 51:1139-45. 2010
    ..This study aimed at identifying clinical correlates of the IDD, with special attention to the relationship between symptoms and seizures...
  15. doi request reprint Distinguishing affective depersonalization from anhedonia in major depression and bipolar disorder
    Marco Mula
    Department of Psychiatry, Neurobiology, Pharmacology and Biotechnologies, University of Pisa, 56100 Pisa, Italy
    Compr Psychiatry 51:187-92. 2010
    ....
  16. doi request reprint The clinical spectrum of bipolar symptoms in epilepsy: a critical reappraisal
    Marco Mula
    Division of Neurology, Maggiore Hospital, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Postgrad Med 122:17-23. 2010
    ..Epileptologists need to be aware of the large and complex spectrum of bipolar symptoms in epilepsy to inform patients and their families, as well as to develop appropriate treatment strategies...
  17. doi request reprint GABAergic drugs in the treatment of epilepsy: modern or outmoded?
    Marco Mula
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neurology, University Hospital Maggiore della Carità, Italy
    Future Med Chem 3:177-82. 2011
    ..All these compounds, although generally effective, are limited by their deleterious effects on cognition and behavior. The challenge will be to find GABAergic drugs that exhibit the beneficial effects, without the adverse ones...
  18. doi request reprint Ictal and peri-ictal psychopathology
    Marco Mula
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Amedeo Avogadro University, Division of Neurology, University Hospital Maggiore della Carità, Novara, Italy
    Behav Neurol 24:21-5. 2011
    ..The present paper is aimed at reviewing major psychiatric symptoms that may occur around the ictus with special attention to clinical descriptions and relationships with interictal psychopathology...
  19. ncbi request reprint Recognize and manage psychiatric comorbidities in patients with epilepsy
    M Mula
    Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Amedeo Avogadro University, University Hospital Maggiore della Carità, Novara, Italy
    Panminerva Med 53:241-51. 2011
    ..Continued clinical research is needed to obtain further knowledge about the optimal use of the expanding antiepileptic armamentarium and on how to tailor treatment to each individual patient according to clinical circumstances...
  20. doi request reprint Clinical correlates of depersonalization symptoms in patients with bipolar disorder
    Marco Mula
    Department of Psychiatry, Neurobiology, Pharmacology and Biotechnologies, University of Pisa, Italy
    J Affect Disord 115:252-6. 2009
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Clinical and psychopathological definition of the interictal dysphoric disorder of epilepsy
    Marco Mula
    Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsia 49:650-6. 2008
    ..We sought to investigate whether IDD occurs only in patients with epilepsy and to validate IDD features against DSM-IV criteria...
  22. doi request reprint Clinical correlates of pathological gambling symptoms in patients with epilepsy
    Andrea E Cavanna
    Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsia 49:1460-4. 2008
    ..Alterations in the mesolimbic reward system could represent the putative neuropathological substrate for this multifaceted clinical picture...
  23. doi request reprint Clinical correlates of schizotypy in patients with epilepsy
    Marco Mula
    Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara 28100, Italy
    J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 20:441-6. 2008
    ..Schizotypal symptoms correlated with early onset of the seizures and a diagnosis of temporal lobe epilepsy, further confirming an association between psychoses and epilepsy...
  24. ncbi request reprint The role of aura in psychopathology and dissociative experiences in epilepsy
    Marco Mula
    Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, C so Mazzini, 18 28100 Novara, Italy
    J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 18:536-42. 2006
    ....
  25. doi request reprint Different temperament and character dimensions correlate with panic disorder comorbidity in bipolar disorder and unipolar depression
    Marco Mula
    Department of Psychiatry, Neurobiology, Pharmacology and Biotechnologies, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, 56100 Pisa, Italy
    J Anxiety Disord 22:1421-6. 2008
    ..This study aimed to investigate temperament and character correlates of panic disorder (PD) comorbidity in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder (BD) or unipolar depression (UD)...
  26. doi request reprint On the prevalence of bipolar disorder in epilepsy
    Marco Mula
    Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsy Behav 13:658-61. 2008
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Are psychiatric adverse events of antiepileptic drugs a unique entity? A study on topiramate and levetiracetam
    Marco Mula
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsia 48:2322-6. 2007
    ..To investigate the hypothesis that some patients with epilepsy are generally prone to develop psychiatric adverse events (PAEs) during antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy irrespective of the mechanism of action of the drugs...
  28. pmc Validity and reliability of the Structured Clinical Interview for Depersonalization-Derealization Spectrum (SCI-DER)
    Marco Mula
    Department of Psychiatry, Neurobiology, Pharmacology and Biotechnologies, University of Pisa, Italy
    Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 4:977-86. 2008
    ..It significantly discriminated subjects with any diagnosis of mood and anxiety disorders from controls and subjects with depersonalization disorder from controls. The hypothesized structure of the instrument was confirmed empirically...
  29. ncbi request reprint Obsessionality, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and temporal lobe epilepsy
    Francesco Monaco
    Neuropsychiatry Research Group and the Epilepsy Clinic, Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsy Behav 7:491-6. 2005
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint The neurobiology and clinical significance of depersonalization in mood and anxiety disorders: a critical reappraisal
    Marco Mula
    Department of Psychiatry, Neurobiology, Pharmacology and Biotechnologies, Section of Psychiatry, University of Pisa, Via Roma, 67 56100 Pisa, Italy
    J Affect Disord 99:91-9. 2007
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint The pharmacological treatment of depression in adults with epilepsy
    Marco Mula
    Amedeo Avogadro University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Neurology, Novara, Italy
    Expert Opin Pharmacother 9:3159-68. 2008
    ..Comorbid mood disorders may affect quality of life in people with epilepsy...
  32. doi request reprint Suicidality in epilepsy and possible effects of antiepileptic drugs
    Marco Mula
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Amedeo Avogadro University, Division of Neurology, University Hospital Maggiore della Carità, Novara, Italy
    Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 10:327-32. 2010
    ..The risk of suicidal ideation and behavior as side effects of AED treatment is low, and in people with epilepsy, such a risk must be balanced against the risk of not treating the seizures...
  33. doi request reprint Phenomenology of obsessive compulsive disorder in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy or tourette syndrome
    Marco Mula
    The Neuropsychiatry Research Group, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, C so Mazzini, 18, Novara 28100, Italy
    J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 20:223-6. 2008
    ..Content of obsessive-compulsive themes focuses on sexuality and impulsiveness in Tourette syndrome and existential thoughts in temporal lobe epilepsy...
  34. doi request reprint Paired-pulse flash-visual evoked potentials: new methods revive an old test
    Roberto Cantello
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Neurology, University of Piedmont East A Avogadro, Novara, Italy
    Clin Neurophysiol 122:1622-8. 2011
    ..In the 1960s, methodological problems hindered this test, which was expected to provide important physiologic information...
  35. doi request reprint Antiepileptic drug-induced cognitive adverse effects: potential mechanisms and contributing factors
    Marco Mula
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    CNS Drugs 23:121-37. 2009
    ..Finally, the mood status of the patient and clinical relevance of the information obtained by neuropsychological testing represent important variables that need to be taken into account when discussing cognitive adverse effects of AEDs...
  36. ncbi request reprint Neuropharmacological aspects of cognitive neurorehabilitation in epilepsy
    Marco Mula
    Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Behav Neurol 17:69-75. 2006
    ..This paper reviews different pharmacological aspects of cognitive neurorehabilitation in epilepsy...
  37. ncbi request reprint Use of psychotropic drugs in patients with epilepsy: interactions and seizure risk
    Marco Mula
    Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, C so Mazzini, 18 28100 Novara, Italy
    Expert Rev Neurother 4:953-64. 2004
    ..On the other hand, the main factors that may affect choice of therapy, patients' response and compliance, when prescribing antidepressants or antipsychotic drugs, drug interactions and the potential proconvulsive risk are reviewed...
  38. ncbi request reprint Antiepileptic-antipsychotic drug interactions: a critical review of the evidence
    Marco Mula
    Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Clin Neuropharmacol 25:280-9. 2002
    ..In general, it is better to use as few drugs as possible, as multicolored politherapies increase the possible adverse effects of drug interactions and reduce patient compliance...
  39. doi request reprint Complex pattern of convulsive syncope in glossopharyngeal neuralgia: video/EEG report and short review
    Claudia Varrasi
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Neurology, University Piedmont East, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsy Behav 20:407-9. 2011
    ..Carbamazepine led to steady remission. Glossopharyngeal neuralgia is a rare condition (incidence of 0.7/100.000/year), whereas the occurrence of syncope is about 20%, and that of convulsive syncope is about 5%...
  40. ncbi request reprint Negative effects of antiepileptic drugs on mood in patients with epilepsy
    Marco Mula
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Drug Saf 30:555-67. 2007
    ..Individuals with a personal or family history of depression should be carefully followed after initiation of therapy with a new antiepileptic drug, especially if structural brain abnormalities such as hippocampal sclerosis are present...
  41. ncbi request reprint Carbamazepine-risperidone interactions in patients with epilepsy
    Marco Mula
    Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Clin Neuropharmacol 25:97-100. 2002
    ..95 +/- 0.47 microg/mL (p < 0.0001) at T2. The pharmacokinetic data suggest either a possible role of RISP in inhibiting the cytochrome P450 microsomal enzyme system (CYP)-3A4 pathway or a potential role of CYP2D6 in CBZ metabolism...
  42. doi request reprint The role of titration schedule of topiramate for the development of depression in patients with epilepsy
    Marco Mula
    Section of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsia 50:1072-6. 2009
    ....
  43. doi request reprint Suicide risk in people with epilepsy taking antiepileptic drugs
    Marco Mula
    Division of Neurology, Trinity Hospital, Borgomanero, Italy
    Bipolar Disord 15:622-7. 2013
    ..We discuss and elaborate on available evidence on the interplay among epilepsy, suicide, and AEDs, taking into account the phenomenology of mood disorders in people with epilepsy and the psychotropic potential of AEDs...
  44. doi request reprint Treatment of anxiety disorders in epilepsy: an evidence-based approach
    Marco Mula
    Division of Neurology, Trinity Hospital, Borgomanero, Italy
    Epilepsia 54:13-8. 2013
    ..In these patients, careful clinical monitoring is indicated, in selected cases, for potential seizure precipitation and side effects due to pharmacodynamics interactions...
  45. ncbi request reprint The role of anticonvulsant drugs in anxiety disorders: a critical review of the evidence
    Marco Mula
    Department of Psychiatry, Neurobiology, Pharmacology and Biotechnologies, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 27:263-72. 2007
    ..Further investigation is needed to determine in what circumstances they should be used in individuals who are partially responsive or nonresponsive to conventional therapy...
  46. ncbi request reprint Suicidal ideation in epilepsy and levetiracetam therapy
    Marco Mula
    The Neuropsychiatry Research Group, Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsy Behav 11:130-2. 2007
    ..Psychopathological characteristics of suicidal ideation were consistent in all subjects and similar to some features that are described as typical of the so-called interictal dysphoric disorder of epilepsy...
  47. ncbi request reprint Antiepileptic drug-induced mania in patients with epilepsy: what do we know?
    Marco Mula
    The Neuropsychiatry Research Group, Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsy Behav 9:265-7. 2006
    ..This article explores the relationship between antiepileptic drugs and mania in patients with epilepsy, with special emphasis on the clinical pathophysiology of this phenomenon...
  48. ncbi request reprint Music and madness: neuropsychiatric aspects of music
    Marco Mula
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Clin Med 9:83-6. 2009
    ..This article is aimed at reviewing these complex relationships, starting from a wide perspective on the neurobiology of emotions, perceptions and music language to a detailed analysis of psychopathology in famous musicians...
  49. doi request reprint Investigating psychotropic properties of antiepileptic drugs
    Marco Mula
    Division of Neurology, Trinity Hospital, Viale Zoppis 10, 28021, Borgomanero, Italy
    Expert Rev Neurother 13:639-46. 2013
    ..This article discusses molecular targets of AEDs relevant for their psychotropic properties with special attention to newest compounds. Current knowledge gaps are also highlighted...
  50. pmc Profile of once-daily zonisamide as monotherapy for treatment of partial seizures in adults
    Marco Mula
    Division of Neurology, Trinity Hospital, Borgomanero, Italy
    Drug Des Devel Ther 7:397-402. 2013
    ..Further data on monotherapy, especially in special populations, such as women of childbearing potential, are needed...
  51. ncbi request reprint Consciousness, epilepsy, and emotional qualia
    Francesco Monaco
    Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsy Behav 7:150-60. 2005
    ..Epilepsy is confirmed to represent a privileged window over basic neurobiological mechanisms of consciousness...
  52. pmc Assessing suicidal risk with antiepileptic drugs
    Marco Mula
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, University Hospital Maggiore della Carità, Novara, Italy
    Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 6:613-8. 2010
    ....
  53. doi request reprint Cesare Lombroso and epilepsy 100 years later: an unabridged report of his original transactions
    Francesco Monaco
    Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Amedeo Avogadro University, University Hospital Maggiore della Carità, Novara, Italy
    Epilepsia 52:679-88. 2011
    ....
  54. pmc Depression in epilepsy: mechanisms and therapeutic approach
    Marco Mula
    Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy
    Ther Adv Neurol Disord 2:337-44. 2009
    ..This paper is aimed at discussing all these subjects in the light of current literature on the neurobiology of depression in epilepsy...
  55. pmc Cluster-like headache and idiopathic intracranial hypertension: a case report
    Lucia Testa
    Department of Neurology, Amedeo Avogadro University, Maggiore della Carita Hospital, Novara, Italy
    J Headache Pain 9:181-3. 2008
    ..In our opinion the asymmetrical presentation supports, in this case, the hypothesis of cavernous sinus involvement in the IIH-related cluster-like headache pathogenesis...
  56. pmc The factor structure of lifetime depressive spectrum in patients with unipolar depression
    G B Cassano
    Department of Psychiatry, Neurobiology, Pharmacology and Biotechnology, School of Medicine, University of Pisa, Italy
    J Affect Disord 115:87-99. 2009
    ..By examining data from a large number of items covering the range of depressive symptoms, the aim of the present study is to contribute to the identification of the structure of depression on a lifetime perspective...
  57. pmc The structure of lifetime manic-hypomanic spectrum
    G B Cassano
    Department of Psychiatry, Neurobiology, Pharmacology and Biotechnology, School of Medicine, University of Pisa, Italy
    J Affect Disord 112:59-70. 2009
    ..The aim of the present study is to examine the structure of mania/hypomania using 68 items of the MOODS-SR that explore cognitive, mood and energy/activity features associated with mania/hypomania...