Affiliation: La Maddalena Cancer Center
- Mercadante S, Gatti A, Porzio G, Lo Presti C, Aielli F, Adile C, et al. Dosing fentanyl buccal tablet for breakthrough cancer pain: dose titration versus proportional doses. Curr Med Res Opin. 2012;28:963-8 pubmed publisher..Further studies should confirm this data in patients receiving higher doses of opioids, with other rapid-onset opioids, and in other settings. ..
- Mercadante S, Adile C, Cuomo A, Aielli F, Cortegiani A, Casuccio A, et al. Fentanyl Buccal Tablet vs. Oral Morphine in Doses Proportional to the Basal Opioid Regimen for the Management of Breakthrough Cancer Pain: A Randomized, Crossover, Comparison Study. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2015;50:579-86 pubmed publisher
- Mercadante S, Ferrera P, Arcuri E. The use of fentanyl buccal tablets as breakthrough medication in patients receiving chronic methadone therapy: an open label preliminary study. Support Care Cancer. 2011;19:435-8 pubmed publisher..FBT was effective as breakthrough pain medication in patients receiving methadone for their background analgesia, confirming that this group of patients are not inevitably resistant to other opioids. ..
- Mercadante S, Vitrano V. Pain in patients with lung cancer: pathophysiology and treatment. Lung Cancer. 2010;68:10-5 pubmed publisher..More complex strategies, such as interventional procedures, are seldom necessary and require an appropriate selection of patients. ..
- Mercadante S, Aielli F, Masedu F, Valenti M, Verna L, Porzio G. Age differences in the last week of life in advanced cancer patients followed at home. Support Care Cancer. 2016;24:1889-95 pubmed publisher..Older patients had also a lower opioid consumption, a more frequent use of the subcutaneous route, and a lower need for palliative sedation. ..
- Mercadante S, Caruselli A, Casuccio A. The use of ketamine in a palliative-supportive care unit: a retrospective analysis. Ann Palliat Med. 2018;7:205-210 pubmed publisher..Although the role of ketamine remains controversial, it should not deter physicians to do not use that in specific conditions. ..
- Mercadante S, Porzio G, Ferrera P, Aielli F, Adile C, Ficorella C, et al. Tapentadol in cancer pain management: a prospective open-label study. Curr Med Res Opin. 2012;28:1775-9 pubmed publisher..It can be considered as a flexible drug to be used in patients with moderate-severe pain. This was an open-label study for exploratory purposes. Data should be confirmed in controlled studies with a larger number of patients. ..
- Mercadante S, Aielli F, Adile C, Ferrera P, Valle A, Cartoni C, et al. Sleep Disturbances in Patients With Advanced Cancer in Different Palliative Care Settings. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2015;50:786-92 pubmed publisher..Several factors associated with sleep disorders have been identified and should prompt physicians to make a careful examination and subsequent treatment of these disturbances. ..
- Mercadante S, Casuccio A, Tirelli W, Giarratano A. Equipotent doses to switch from high doses of opioids to transdermal buprenorphine. Support Care Cancer. 2009;17:715-8 pubmed publisher..6:0.8, respectively, maintaining the same level of analgesia. ..
- Mercadante S, Marchetti P, Cuomo A, Caraceni A, Mediati R, Vellucci R, et al. Factors Influencing the Clinical Presentation of Breakthrough Pain in Cancer Patients. Cancers (Basel). 2018;10: pubmed publisher..i>Conclusions: BTP has a variable presentation depending on interdependent relationships among its different characteristics. ..
- Mercadante S. Efficacy and safety of dual opioid therapy. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2014;13:1433-6 pubmed publisher..More research is needed to better elucidate these issues in the near future. ..
- Mercadante S. Opioid metabolism and clinical aspects. Eur J Pharmacol. 2015;769:71-8 pubmed publisher..The recognition of possible metabolic problems and the consideration of adverse drug-drug interactions are fundamental to optimize the use of opioids in clinical practice. ..
- Mercadante S, Adile C, Cuomo A, Aielli F, Marinangeli F, Casuccio A. The use of low doses of a sublingual fentanyl formulation for breakthrough pain in patients receiving low doses of opioids. Support Care Cancer. 2017;25:645-649 pubmed publisher..No serious adverse effects were observed for the subsequent 2Â h. This study suggests that SLF given in low doses in patients receiving lower doses of opioids for background analgesia is safe and effective in clinical practice. ..
- Mercadante S. Non pharmacological interventions and non-fentanyl pharmacological treatments for breakthrough cancer pain: A systematic and critical review. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2018;122:60-63 pubmed publisher..These treatments are worthwhile of further investigation, particularly in determined conditions that should fit the pharmacokinetics of oral opioids. ..
- Mercadante S, Adile C, Ferrera P, Casuccio A. Characteristics of advanced cancer patients who were readmitted to an acute palliative/supportive care unit. Support Care Cancer. 2017;25:1947-1952 pubmed publisher..Re-exacerbation of pain seems to be the most frequent reason. A further clinical reassessment and treatment were equally effective in controlling the symptom burden of these patients at any readmission. ..
- Mercadante S. Episodic Breathlessness inÂ Patients with Advanced Cancer: Characteristics and Management. Drugs. 2018;78:543-547 pubmed publisher..Strategies to prevent the occurrence of EB should be taken into consideration, including optimization of the condition of persistent dyspnea or treating psychologic or environmental causes. ..
- Mercadante S, Masedu F, Mercadante A, Marinangeli F, Aielli F. Attitudes of palliative home care physicians towards palliative sedation at home in Italy. Support Care Cancer. 2017;25:1615-1620 pubmed publisher..These data should prompt health care agencies to make a minimal set of drugs easily available for home care. Further research is necessary to compare attitudes in countries with different sociocultural profiles. ..
- Mercadante S, Cuomo A. Breakthrough Cancer Pain: Ten Commandments. Value Health. 2016;19:531-6 pubmed publisher..These steps may help clinicians to recognize and treat BTcP adequately. ..
- Mercadante S, Costanzi A, David F, Villari P, Musso M, Marchetti P, et al. Supportive care services in hemato-oncology centers: a national survey. Support Care Cancer. 2016;24:4407-11 pubmed publisher..298). Integration between hemato-oncology and other professionals is unlikely to be optimal in Italy. Such integration is complex and needs great efforts to solve several organizational problems. ..
- Mercadante S, Marchetti P, Cuomo A, Mammucari M, Caraceni A. Breakthrough pain and its treatment: critical review and recommendations of IOPS (Italian Oncologic Pain Survey) expert group. Support Care Cancer. 2016;24:961-968 pubmed publisher..The doses of opioids used for background pain should guide the choice of the doses of fentanyl products. The choice of fentanyl products should be based on individual clinical conditions. ..
- Mercadante S, Marchetti P, Cuomo A, Caraceni A, Mediati R, Mammucari M, et al. Breakthrough Cancer Pain: Preliminary Data of The Italian Oncologic Pain Multisetting Multicentric Survey (IOPS-MS). Adv Ther. 2017;34:120-135 pubmed publisher..The final IOPS-MS data are necessary to understand relationships between BTP characteristics and other clinical variables in oncologic patients. Molteni Farmaceutici, Italy. ..
- Mercadante S, Adile C, Ferrera P, Masedu F, Valenti M, Aielli F. Sleep disturbances in advanced cancer patients admitted to a supportive/palliative care unit. Support Care Cancer. 2017;25:1301-1306 pubmed publisher..Assessment of sleep disorders is mandatory in this population for the obvious interference with quality of life. ..
- Mercadante S, Masedu F, Valenti M, Mercadante A, Aielli F. The characteristics of advanced cancer patients followed at home, but admitted to the hospital for the last days of life. Intern Emerg Med. 2016;11:713-8 pubmed publisher..2Â days (SD 8.2, range 0-40). This study provides preliminary data on the risk factors of hospitalization at the end of life for advanced cancer patients followed at home. ..
- Mercadante S, Adile C, Ferrera P, Casuccio A. The effects of alcoholism and smoking on advanced cancer patients admitted to an acute supportive/palliative care unit. Support Care Cancer. 2017;25:2147-2153 pubmed publisher..Clinical response was not strongly influenced by these risk factors. ..
- Mercadante S, Marchetti P, Adile C, Caruselli A, Ferrera P, Costanzi A, et al. Characteristics and care pathways of advanced cancer patients in a palliative-supportive care unit and an oncological ward. Support Care Cancer. 2018;26:1961-1966 pubmed publisher..001). SPCU allows a better planning admission to hospital and a better care trajectory in advanced cancer patients in comparison to a busy OW, where unselected emergencies more frequently occur. ..
- Mercadante S. Options for Treating Pain in Cancer Patients with Dysphagia. Drugs. 2017;77:629-635 pubmed publisher..In addition, a new class of opioid formulations has been developed for use in dysphagic patients that are administered via nasogastric or enteral tubes while maintaining their sustained-release properties. ..
- Mercadante S, Vitrano V, Catania V. Sexual issues in early and late stage cancer: a review. Support Care Cancer. 2010;18:659-65 pubmed publisher..To provide this component of care, professionals need to have good communication skills, an open and non-judgmental approach, and knowledge of the potential ramifications of disease and treatment of sexuality problems. ..
- Mercadante S, Villari P, Ferrera P, Arcuri E, David F. Opioid switching and burst ketamine to improve the opioid response in patients with movement-related pain due to bone metastases. Clin J Pain. 2009;25:648-9 pubmed publisher..Further studies in animals could confirm these preliminary data, with specific design to parallel this clinical context. ..
- Mercadante S, Bruera E. Methadone as a First-Line Opioid in Cancer Pain Management: A Systematic Review. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2018;55:998-1003 pubmed publisher..Further studies should provide information regarding the long-term use of methadone or the need to switch from methadone to other opioids when a loss of analgesic response occurs. ..
- Mercadante S, Masedu F, Balzani I, de Giovanni D, Montanari L, Pittureri C, et al. Prevalence of delirium in advanced cancer patients in home care and hospice and outcomes after 1 week of palliative care. Support Care Cancer. 2018;26:913-919 pubmed publisher..Further studies should elucidate whether an earlier approach to palliative care would decrease the prevalence of delirium at a late stage of disease. ..
- Mercadante S, Adile C, Ferrera P, Casuccio A. Characteristics of patients with an unplanned admission to an acute palliative care unit. Intern Emerg Med. 2017;12:587-592 pubmed publisher..Such units in a comprehensive cancer center might improve symptom control and pose as referral centers for non-cancer hospitals, emergency departments, or the territory. ..
- Mercadante S, Aielli F, Adile C, Costanzi A, Casuccio A. Fentanyl Pectin Nasal Spray Versus Oral Morphine in Doses Proportional to the Basal Opioid Regimen for the Management ofÂ Breakthrough Cancer Pain: A Comparative Study. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2016;52:27-34 pubmed publisher..When used in doses proportional to the basal opioid regimen, FPNS showed a superior analgesic effect over OM for the management of BTcP. Only minor adverse effects were found with both medications. ..
- Mercadante S. Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia and management of pain in post-surgical elderly with cancer. Surg Oncol. 2010;19:173-7 pubmed publisher..The success of such a technique depends on close evaluation of all preoperative and intraoperative factors that can cause or contribute to acute delirium. In the present paper we review the literature on this pivotal field. ..
- Mercadante S. Oral trasmucosal fentanyl citrate for breakthrough pain treatment in cancer patients. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2012;13:873-8 pubmed publisher..However, it is likely that patients receiving high doses of opioids for background analgesia will not be candidates for titration with minimal initial doses of OTFC, as they are opioid tolerant and the process would be time consuming. ..