G Rezza

Summary

Affiliation: Istituto Superiore di Sanit
Country: Italy

Publications

  1. pmc SARS epidemic in the press
    Giovanni Rezza
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:381-2. 2004
  2. pmc Chikungunya and dengue viruses in travelers
    Loredana Nicoletti
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:177-8. 2008
  3. pmc Aedes albopictus and the reemergence of Dengue
    Giovanni Rezza
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Roma, Italy
    BMC Public Health 12:72. 2012
  4. pmc Incidence of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) infection among HIV-uninfected individuals at high risk for sexually transmitted infections
    Massimo Giuliani
    Struttura Complessa di Dermatologia Infettiva, Istituto Dermatologico San Gallicano IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 7:143. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and risk factors for human herpesvirus 8 infection in northern Cameroon
    G Rezza
    Laboratory of Epidemiology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Sex Transm Dis 27:159-64. 2000
  6. ncbi request reprint Does HHV-8 have a protective role on the development of HIV encephalopathy? Italian HIV-Seroconversion Study
    G Rezza
    AIDS and STD Unit, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Neurology 53:2032-6. 1999
  7. ncbi request reprint Incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma and HHV-8 seroprevalence among homosexual men with known dates of HIV seroconversion. Italian Seroconversion Study
    G Rezza
    Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 14:1647-53. 2000
  8. ncbi request reprint Plasma viral load concentrations in women and men from different exposure categories and with known duration of HIV infection. I.CO.N.A. Study Group
    G Rezza
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 25:56-62. 2000
  9. doi request reprint Correlates of hepatitis C virus seropositivity in prison inmates: a meta-analysis
    M F Vescio
    Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Istituto Superiore di Sanitè, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:305-13. 2008
  10. pmc Human herpesvirus-8 and other viral infections, Papua New Guinea
    G Rezza
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:893-5. 2001

Detail Information

Publications139 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc SARS epidemic in the press
    Giovanni Rezza
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:381-2. 2004
  2. pmc Chikungunya and dengue viruses in travelers
    Loredana Nicoletti
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:177-8. 2008
  3. pmc Aedes albopictus and the reemergence of Dengue
    Giovanni Rezza
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Roma, Italy
    BMC Public Health 12:72. 2012
    ..Since it is almost impossible to prevent Ae albopictus from being introduced in a country, mosquito-control measures at local level remain the most effective means of controlling arbovirus outbreaks...
  4. pmc Incidence of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) infection among HIV-uninfected individuals at high risk for sexually transmitted infections
    Massimo Giuliani
    Struttura Complessa di Dermatologia Infettiva, Istituto Dermatologico San Gallicano IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 7:143. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence and determinants of HHV-8 infection among HIV-uninfected individuals repeatedly attending an urban STI clinic...
  5. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and risk factors for human herpesvirus 8 infection in northern Cameroon
    G Rezza
    Laboratory of Epidemiology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Sex Transm Dis 27:159-64. 2000
    ..The modes of transmission of HHV-8 are still unclear...
  6. ncbi request reprint Does HHV-8 have a protective role on the development of HIV encephalopathy? Italian HIV-Seroconversion Study
    G Rezza
    AIDS and STD Unit, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Neurology 53:2032-6. 1999
    ..To evaluate risk factors for HIV encephalopathy and whether Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and coinfection with human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) protect against this disease in a cohort of HIV seroconverters...
  7. ncbi request reprint Incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma and HHV-8 seroprevalence among homosexual men with known dates of HIV seroconversion. Italian Seroconversion Study
    G Rezza
    Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 14:1647-53. 2000
    ..To evaluate temporal trends of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and of the KS-related human herpesvirus (HHV-8) among homosexual men who seroconverted for HIV between 1984 and 1997...
  8. ncbi request reprint Plasma viral load concentrations in women and men from different exposure categories and with known duration of HIV infection. I.CO.N.A. Study Group
    G Rezza
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 25:56-62. 2000
    ..According to recent studies, women have lower plasma HIV RNA concentrations than men. However, these studies did not take into account the duration of HIV infection...
  9. doi request reprint Correlates of hepatitis C virus seropositivity in prison inmates: a meta-analysis
    M F Vescio
    Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Istituto Superiore di Sanitè, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:305-13. 2008
    ..The prevalence of infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is higher among prison inmates compared with the general population because of the high proportion of injecting drug users (IDU)...
  10. pmc Human herpesvirus-8 and other viral infections, Papua New Guinea
    G Rezza
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:893-5. 2001
    ..Our data suggest that HHV-8 has been endemic on the island for a long time and that the epidemiologic pattern of HHV-8 is more similar to that of herpes simplex virus-2 than hepatitis C virus...
  11. ncbi request reprint Re-emergence of Chikungunya and other scourges: the role of globalization and climate change
    Giovanni Rezza
    Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie e Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, Rome, Italy
    Ann Ist Super Sanita 44:315-8. 2008
    ..The influence of cyclic natural climatic events and local variations in temperature and precipitation has also been recognised; however, there is still no conclusive evidence of an effect of global warming on infectious disease patterns...
  12. ncbi request reprint The principle of precaution-based prevention: a Popperian paradox?
    G Rezza
    Epidemiology Unit, Department of Infectious Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Italy
    Eur J Public Health 16:576-7. 2006
  13. ncbi request reprint [Prevalence of the use of old and new drugs among new entrants in Italian prisons]
    Giovanni Rezza
    Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie e Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Roma
    Ann Ist Super Sanita 41:239-45. 2005
    ..Our findings indicate that a high proportion of inmates has ever used drugs; adequate intervention is needed to reduce the risk of addictive behaviour in this population group...
  14. ncbi request reprint [Infections and other causes of mortality correlated with drug addiction]
    Giovanni Rezza
    Reparto AIDS e Malattie Sessualmente Trasmesse, Laboratorio di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, V le Regina Elena 299, 00161 Roma
    Ann Ist Super Sanita 38:297-303. 2002
    ..In depth knowledge of drug-related morbidity and mortality causes is important to improve clinical skills and to implement control activities...
  15. pmc Identification and control are the priority
    G Rezza
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:772. 2003
  16. ncbi request reprint Human herpesvirus 8 seropositivity and risk of Kaposi's sarcoma and other acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related diseases
    G Rezza
    G Rezza, M Dorrucci, P Pezzotti Centro Operativo AIDS, P Monini, B Ensoli Laboratory of Virology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Natl Cancer Inst 91:1468-74. 1999
    ..Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) has also been implicated in KS. We investigated several factors that may determine the onset of KS, particularly HHV8 infection in individuals after becoming seropositive for HIV...
  17. ncbi request reprint Infection with human immunodeficiency virus, herpes simplex virus type 2, and human herpes virus 8 in remote villages of southwestern Papua New Guinea
    B Suligoi
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:33-6. 2005
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and determinants of anti-lytic and anti-latent antibodies to human herpesvirus-8 among Italian individuals at risk of sexually and parenterally transmitted infections
    G Rezza
    Centro Operativo AIDS Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Int J Cancer 77:361-5. 1998
    ..In addition, the presence of HHV-8 antibodies in HIV-negative non-IDU heterosexual contacts and in healthy blood donors is consistent with the high incidence of classic KS in Italy...
  19. ncbi request reprint Demographic indicators and risk of infection with human herpesvirus type 8 in Central Italy
    C Valdarchi
    Epidemiology Unit, Department of Infectious Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Infection 35:22-5. 2007
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Human herpesvirus 8 and human herpesvirus 2 infections in prison population
    L Sarmati
    Clinic of Infectious Diseases, University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    J Med Virol 79:167-73. 2007
    ..004). A relatively high seroprevalence of HHV-8 and HSV-2 among Italian prison inmates was found. The association of HHV-8 and HSV-2 infections suggest sexual transmission of these viruses among Italian prison inmates...
  21. ncbi request reprint Response to highly active antiretroviral therapy according to duration of HIV infection
    P Pezzotti
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 26:473-9. 2001
    ..To evaluate whether duration of HIV-1 infection influences the response to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)...
  22. ncbi request reprint The spectrum of AIDS-defining diseases: temporal trends in Italy prior to the use of highly active anti-retroviral therapies, 1982-1996
    P Pezzotti
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Int J Epidemiol 28:975-81. 1999
    ..To evaluate time trends of the spectrum of AIDS-defining diseases in Italy, 1982-1996...
  23. ncbi request reprint Incidence and consequences of pregnancy in women with known duration of HIV infection. Italian Seroconversion Study Group
    M B Alliegro
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Centro Operativo AIDS, Rome, Italy
    Arch Intern Med 157:2585-90. 1997
    ..The increasing incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in women of childbearing age led us to evaluate whether pregnancy affects the natural history of this disease...
  24. ncbi request reprint Antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected individuals in clinical practice: are the criteria for initiating and choosing the type of drug regimen based only on immunologic and virologic values?
    P Pezzotti
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Centro Operativo AIDS, Rome, Italy
    Eur J Epidemiol 16:919-26. 2000
    ..To determine factors associated with beginning antiretroviral therapy and with the number of drugs used...
  25. ncbi request reprint Anti-nef antibodies and other predictors of disease progression in HIV-1 seropositive injecting drug users
    G Rezza
    AIDS Unit, Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, , Roma, Italy
    J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 6:15-20. 1992
    ..This study also confirms the usefulness of other markers, such as p24 Ag, B2-M and number of CD4+ lymphocytes previously shown to be predictive of rapid disease progression for predicting the course of HIV seropositive IDUs...
  26. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and risk factors for herpes simplex virus type 2 infection among adolescents and adults in northern Cameroon
    B Suligoi
    AIDS and STD Unit, Laboratory of Epidemiology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Sex Transm Dis 28:690-3. 2001
    ..A number of surveys have reported a high prevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection in south central and east central Africa...
  27. ncbi request reprint Prevalence, incidence and correlates of HHV-8/KSHV infection and Kaposi's sarcoma in renal and liver transplant recipients
    M Andreoni
    Infectious Disease Clinic, Tor Vergata University, S. Eugenio Hospital, Rome, Italy
    J Infect 43:195-9. 2001
    ..However, renal transplant recipients tend to have a higher risk of KS. HHV-8/KSHV reactivation appears to play a greater role on the risk of KS than incident infections...
  28. ncbi request reprint HIV infection among foreign transsexual sex workers in Rome: prevalence, behavior patterns, and seroconversion rates
    L Spizzichino
    Unita Operativa AIDS, Azienda Sanitaria Locale Roma E ASL RME, Rome, Italy
    Sex Transm Dis 28:405-11. 2001
    ..The Azienda Sanitaria Locale Roma E (ASL-RME) outpatient clinic is the main reference center in Rome for HIV testing of foreign people...
  29. ncbi request reprint A seroprevalence study of human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV8) in eastern and Central Africa and in the Mediterranean area
    D Serraino
    Dipartimento di Epidemiologia, Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive Lazzaro Spallanzani, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Eur J Epidemiol 17:871-6. 2001
    ..The high prevalence of HHV8 infection in newborns, children and adolescents in Egypt, in eastern and in Central Africa strongly suggests the existence of transmission modes other than sexual...
  30. ncbi request reprint Increasing proportion of late testers among AIDS cases in Italy, 1996-2002
    B Longo
    Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    AIDS Care 17:834-41. 2005
    ..In conclusion, late testing results in missed opportunities for preventing and treating HIV infection, leading to an increased risk of developing preventable opportunistic infections and death...
  31. ncbi request reprint Correlates of human herpes virus-8 and herpes simplex virus type 2 infections in Northern Cameroon
    A Volpi
    Department of Public Health, University Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    J Med Virol 74:467-72. 2004
    ..019) and latent (P = 0.021) HHV-8 antigens. These results suggest that HSV-2 infection can contribute to sexual transmission of HHV-8 infection...
  32. ncbi request reprint High seroprevalence of antibodies to human herpesvirus-8 in Egyptian children: evidence of nonsexual transmission
    M Andreoni
    Infectious Diseases Institute, University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    J Natl Cancer Inst 91:465-9. 1999
    ..To evaluate the role of other transmission routes, especially in developing countries, we estimated the seroprevalence of HHV-8 in Egyptian children, who, if seropositive, would have acquired the virus through a nonsexual route...
  33. ncbi request reprint Incidence of invasive cervical cancer in a cohort of HIV-seropositive women before and after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy
    M Dorrucci
    AIDS and STD Unit, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 26:377-80. 2001
    ..80--28.24). It remains to be determined whether the continued increase in ICC incidence after the introduction of HAART is attributable to a decreasing competitive mortality from other AIDS-defining diseases among HIV-infected women...
  34. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal analysis of the 90K glycoprotein in the Italian HIV-seroconversion study: temporal trend and predictability of the maturity of HIV infection
    M Dorrucci
    Epidemiology Unit, Department for Infectious Diseases, Roma, Italy
    J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 18:18-25. 2004
    ..To evaluate the level of 90K as a predictor of AIDS; to describe 90K levels over time after HIV serconversion; and to evaluate the 90K level as a marker of the maturity of infection...
  35. ncbi request reprint Frequency and determinants of use of antiretroviral and prophylactic therapies against Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia (PCP) before AIDS diagnosis in Italy
    P A Napoli
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Eur J Epidemiol 14:41-7. 1998
    ..Results were similar for PCP prophylaxis. Lack of awareness of HIV infection, HIV exposure category, and geographical area were the most important factors associated with treatment before AIDS diagnosis...
  36. ncbi request reprint The natural history of HIV infection in intravenous drug users: risk of disease progression in a cohort of seroconverters
    G Rezza
    Department of Social Medicine, National Institute of Health, Roma, Italy
    AIDS 3:87-90. 1989
    ..The risk of developing AIDS increased significantly after 24 months from seroconversion. Relatively small figures accounted for the lack of statistical association between the risk factors investigated and the disease status...
  37. ncbi request reprint Differential impact of combined antiretroviral therapy on the survival of italian patients with specific AIDS-defining illnesses
    S Conti
    Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 25:451-8. 2000
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate whether combined antiretroviral therapies had a differential impact on the survival of patients with different AIDS-defining illnesses (ADIs)...
  38. ncbi request reprint Markers of response to zidovudine monotherapy among treated HIV seroconverters. Italian Seroconversion Study
    G Rezza
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Antivir Ther 2:167-74. 1997
    ..The combined use of these indicators may help to better predict who will respond to zidovudine or to other antiretroviral therapies...
  39. ncbi request reprint Self-reported symptoms and medication side effects influence adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy in persons with HIV infection
    A Ammassari
    Clinica delle Malattie Infettive, Universita Cattolica del S Cuore, Roma, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 28:445-9. 2001
    ..To identify variables predictive of nonadherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and to assess whether self-reported symptoms or medication side effects are related to adherence...
  40. doi request reprint Trends in the European HIV/AIDS epidemic: a perspective from Italy
    Giordano Madeddu
    Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Sassari, Via De Nicola 1, 07100 Sassari, Italy
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 7:25-36. 2009
    ....
  41. doi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of infection with human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus among drug users in Italy: a cross-sectional study
    Laura Camoni
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Scand J Infect Dis 41:520-3. 2009
    ..The results underline the need for control programmes among drug users in Italy...
  42. doi request reprint Circulation of West Nile virus lineage 1 and 2 during an outbreak in Italy
    F Magurano
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Disease, Rome, Italy
    Clin Microbiol Infect 18:E545-7. 2012
    ..In two case, WNV RNA was detected in urine, suggesting renal involvement. Sequence analysis showed lineage 1 and 2 circulation...
  43. doi request reprint Cancer cohort consortium approach: cancer epidemiology in immunosuppressed groups
    Diego Serraino
    Virology Section, University Campus Bio Medico, Spallanzani Hospital, Rome, Italy
    Methods Mol Biol 471:409-19. 2009
    ..In this chapter, the use of this methodologic approach in southern Europe is illustrated and limitations are discussed...
  44. ncbi request reprint Risk of invasive cervical cancer among women with, or at risk for, HIV infection
    D Serraino
    Epidemiology Unit, IRCCS Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, Aviano, Italy
    Int J Cancer 82:334-7. 1999
    ..15 cases were expected). Our findings confirm previous suggestions showing an increased risk of ICC among HIV-infected women and have important implications at the individual and public health levels...
  45. ncbi request reprint Epidemiological changes in AIDS and HIV infection in Italy
    Barbara Suligoi
    AIDS and STD Unit, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Scand J Infect Dis Suppl 106:12-6. 2003
    ..8% in 2001. Although the incidence of both AIDS and new HIV diagnoses has declined, a possible resurgence of the epidemic cannot be ruled out, in light of various factors that could lead to an increasing number of living infected people...
  46. ncbi request reprint Sequence conservation and antibody cross-recognition of clade B human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 Tat protein in HIV-1-infected Italians, Ugandans, and South Africans
    Stefano Butto
    Laboratory of Virology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    J Infect Dis 188:1171-80. 2003
    ..These data indicate an effective cross-recognition of a B-clade laboratory strain-derived Tat protein vaccine by individuals infected with different local viruses, owing to the high similarity of Tat epitopes...
  47. ncbi request reprint Infection with chikungunya virus in Italy: an outbreak in a temperate region
    G Rezza
    Department of Infectious, Parasitic, and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Lancet 370:1840-6. 2007
    ..Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), which is transmitted by Aedes spp mosquitoes, has recently caused several outbreaks on islands in the Indian Ocean and on the Indian subcontinent. We report on an outbreak in Italy...
  48. doi request reprint HIV treatment as prevention: population effect vs. individual protection?
    G Ippolito
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Ann Ig 25:93-7. 2013
    ..In particular, post-exposure prophylaxis may be used in selected cases, whereas PrEP appears to be a highly costly method with limited public-health potential and possible safety concerns...
  49. pmc Sexual behaviour of heterosexual individuals with HIV infection naive for antiretroviral therapy in Italy
    E Girardi
    Centro di Riferimento AIDS, IRCCS L Spallanzani, Roma, Italy
    Sex Transm Infect 77:130-4. 2001
    ..This observation indicates the need to tailor HIV prevention messages according to history of injecting drug use...
  50. ncbi request reprint Non-B HIV type 1 subtypes among men who have sex with men in Rome, Italy
    M Giuliani
    Reparto epidemiologia, Dipartimento Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie e Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 25:157-64. 2009
    ..The data show that viral diversity is likely increasing in a population group that had been previously characterized by the circulation of HIV-1 subtype B...
  51. doi request reprint Seroprevalence of HIV, HSV-2, and Treponema pallidum in the Kosovarian population
    Barbara Suligoi
    Epidemiology Unit, Department of Infectious Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Scand J Infect Dis 41:608-13. 2009
    ..Moreover, the circulation of infections acquired through sexual contact may facilitate an increase in the sexually transmitted HIV epidemic in the near future...
  52. ncbi request reprint Infection with human herpesvirus-8 and its correlation with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus markers among rural populations in Cambodia
    Loredana Sarmati
    Department of Public Health, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:501-2. 2003
    ..Human herpesvirus-8, which shows a high rate of infection during childhood, does not seem to have the same pattern of transmission as HBV. This suggests very early acquisition of infection with HHV-8 in Cambodia...
  53. ncbi request reprint Clearance of human herpesvirus 8 from blood and regression of leukopenia-associated aggressive classic Kaposi's sarcoma during interferon-alpha therapy: a case report
    P Monini
    Laboratory of Virology, , Rome, Italy
    Clin Infect Dis 33:1782-5. 2001
    ..These results suggest a direct relationship between HHV-8 clearance from blood and regression of Kaposi's sarcoma and are consistent with the in vitro inhibitory effects of interferon-alpha on HHV-8 infection...
  54. pmc Characterization of drug-resistance mutations in HIV type 1 isolates from drug-naive and ARV-treated patients in Bulgaria
    Maria Mercedes Santoro
    Department of Experimental Medicine and Biochemical Sciences, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 24:1133-8. 2008
    ..Furthermore, surveillance of PR and RT sequences is also convenient to monitor the introduction of nonsubtype B HIV-1 strains in Bulgaria...
  55. pmc Risk of Kaposi's sarcoma and of other cancers in Italian renal transplant patients
    D Serraino
    1Dip Epidemiologia, INMI L Spallanzani, Via Portunese 292, 00149, Rome, Italy
    Br J Cancer 92:572-5. 2005
    ..Kaposi's sarcoma risk was higher in persons born in southern than in northern Italy. Significant increases were also observed for cancers of the lip, liver, kidney and for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma...
  56. ncbi request reprint Amino acid changes in the attachment G glycoprotein of human respiratory syncytial viruses (subgroup A) isolated in Italy over several epidemics (1997-2006)
    S Montieri
    Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Med Virol 79:1935-42. 2007
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint Cervicovaginal shedding of TT virus in HIV-infected women
    S Calcaterra
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases L. Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    J Hum Virol 4:343-5. 2001
    ..0%) than HPV-negative women (p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: TT virus excretion in the female genital tract of human immunodeficiency virus-infected women is common, further supporting sexual transmission of this virus...
  58. ncbi request reprint HIV-1 diversity among inmates of Italian prisons
    Benedetta Longo
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Epidemiology Unit, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Med Virol 80:1689-94. 2008
    ..Knowledge of the different subtypes circulating in prisons may be useful for tracking the epidemiology of HIV infection and for choosing antiretroviral therapy...
  59. ncbi request reprint The presence of anti-Tat antibodies is predictive of long-term nonprogression to AIDS or severe immunodeficiency: findings in a cohort of HIV-1 seroconverters
    Giovanni Rezza
    Epidemiology Division, Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune Mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Infect Dis 191:1321-4. 2005
    ..Progression was faster in the persistently anti-Tat-negative subjects than in the transiently anti-Tat-positive subjects, and no progression was observed in the persistently anti-Tat-positive subjects...
  60. ncbi request reprint An outbreak of HIV-1 subtype G among Italian injecting drug users
    Massimo Ciccozzi
    Epidemiology Unit, Department of Infectious, Parasite and Immune mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 21:1213-5. 2007
    ..All G subtypes but one were found among IDU. The phylogenetic analysis indicated that the outbreak was of monophyletic origin and was caused by HIV-1 strains similar to those from western Africa...
  61. ncbi request reprint Association between HIV-1 infection and miscarriage: a retrospective study. DIANAIDS Collaborative Study Group. Diagnosi Iniziale Anomalie Neoplastiche AIDS
    C D'Ubaldo
    Centro di Riferimento AIDS Servizio di Epidemiologia delle Malattie Infettive, Istituto di Ricoveroe Cura a Carrattere Scientifico Lazzaro Spallanzani Hospital, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 12:1087-93. 1998
    ..To determine the role of HIV-1 infection on miscarriage, we compared the obstetric histories of a cohort of HIV-1-infected and uninfected Italian women...
  62. doi request reprint Acute respiratory distress syndrome due to influenza virus A/H1N1v in a patient with HIV/HCV co-infection
    G Madeddu
    Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
    Int J STD AIDS 22:234-5. 2011
    ..The patient recovered completely after oseltamivir therapy and mechanical ventilation...
  63. ncbi request reprint Direct comparison of time to AIDS and infectious disease death between HIV seroconverter injection drug users in Italy and the United States: results from the ALIVE and ISS studies. AIDS Link to Intravenous Experiences. Italian Seroconversion Study
    P Pezzotti
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 20:275-82. 1999
    ..To compare the rate of HIV disease progression in a sample of polydrug injectors (AIDS Link to Intravenous Experiences [ALIVE] study) with that in a sample of predominantly opiate injectors (Italian Seroconversion Study [ISS])...
  64. doi request reprint Mortality at ages 50-59 and deprivation at early and late stages of the life course in Wales
    M F Vescio
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:56-63. 2009
    ....
  65. pmc Cardiac tamponade and heart failure due to myopericarditis as a presentation of infection with the pandemic H1N1 2009 influenza A virus
    Simona Puzelli
    Istituto Superiore di Sanità ISS, National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy
    J Clin Microbiol 48:2298-300. 2010
    ..Pandemic H1N1 2009 influenza A virus sequences were identified in throat and myocardial tissues and pericardial fluid, suggesting damage of myocardial cells directly caused by the virus...
  66. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and determinants of herpes simplex virus type 2 infection in a cohort of HIV-positive individuals in Italy
    Barbara Suligoi
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Sex Transm Dis 29:665-7. 2002
    ..Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infections may be a risk factor for the transmission of HIV. Data on the prevalence of HSV-2 infection among HIV-positive individuals are scarce...
  67. ncbi request reprint Temporal trends in postseroconversion CD4 cell count and HIV load: the Concerted Action on Seroconversion to AIDS and Death in Europe Collaboration, 1985-2002
    Maria Dorrucci
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Reparto di Epidemiologia, Rome 00161, Italy
    J Infect Dis 195:525-34. 2007
    ..To determine whether early postseroconversion CD4 cell counts and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) loads have changed over time...
  68. doi request reprint Continued high prevalence of HIV, HBV and HCV among injecting and noninjecting drug users in Italy
    Laura Camoni
    Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie ed Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Ann Ist Super Sanita 46:59-65. 2010
    ..The results indicate that these infections continue to circulate among drug users, highlighting the need for monitoring of this group in Italy...
  69. ncbi request reprint Prevention and control of emerging infections: a challenge for the 3rd millennium
    Giovanni Rezza
    Epidemiology Unit, Department of Infectious Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Roma, Italy
    New Microbiol 30:358-61. 2007
    ..The current H5N1 epidemic may be considered a prepandemic paradigm that needs thorough investigation...
  70. pmc Precision and accuracy of a procedure for detecting recent human immunodeficiency virus infections by calculating the antibody avidity index by an automated immunoassay-based method
    Barbara Suligoi
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Ospedale S Giovanni Addolorata, Rome, Italy
    J Clin Microbiol 40:4015-20. 2002
    ....
  71. doi request reprint Detection of recent HIV infections in African individuals infected by HIV-1 non-B subtypes using HIV antibody avidity
    Barbara Suligoi
    Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie e Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Clin Virol 41:288-92. 2008
    ..To estimate HIV incidence several methods have been used to discriminate recent HIV infections from long-standing infections using a single serum sample...
  72. pmc Improving HIV-2 detection by a combination of serological and nucleic acid amplification test assays
    Anna Rita Ciccaglione
    Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune Mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161, Rome, Italy
    J Clin Microbiol 48:2902-8. 2010
    ....
  73. doi request reprint Epidemiological investigation of a varicella outbreak in an Italian prison
    Catia Valdarchi
    Epidemiology Unit, Department of Infectious Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Scand J Infect Dis 40:943-5. 2008
    ..The attack rate among susceptible inmates was approximately 22%. Preventive measures probably contributed to reduce infection spread...
  74. doi request reprint Prolonged depletion of circulating CD4+ T lymphocytes and acute monocytosis after pantropic canine coronavirus infection in dogs
    Mariarosaria Marinaro
    Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune Mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, Rome, Italy
    Virus Res 152:73-8. 2010
    ..i. The prolonged depletion of peripheral CD4(+) T cells did not alter the levels of serum IgG or IgM. The impact of CB/05 infection on the immune performance of infected pups is discussed...
  75. pmc Transmission of hemagglutinin D222G mutant strain of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus
    Simona Puzelli
    National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:863-5. 2010
    ..Only mild illness developed in the contact, despite his obesity and diabetes. The isolated virus reacted fully with an antiserum against the pandemic vaccine strain...
  76. ncbi request reprint Kaposi's sarcoma in transplant and HIV-infected patients: an epidemiologic study in Italy and France
    Diego Serraino
    Dip Epidemiologia, INMI L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Transplantation 80:1699-704. 2005
    ..A follow-up study was conducted in Italy and in France to compare the epidemiology of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected people and transplant recipients...
  77. ncbi request reprint No protective effect of acyclovir on HIV disease progression in a cohort of HSV-2-HIV-infected individuals
    Barbara Suligoi
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Antivir Ther 7:289-91. 2002
    ..In conclusion, treatment with acyclovir does not seem to prolong significantly survival to AIDS among HIV-positive individuals who are HSV-2-infected...
  78. ncbi request reprint The epidemiological contribution to the preparation of field trials for HIV and STI vaccines: objectives and methods of feasibility studies
    Barbara Suligoi
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Epidemiology Unit, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, V le Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    Vaccine 23:1437-45. 2005
    ..Feasibility study methods have been largely developed in the context of HIV, but may also be used in the preparation of preventive intervention trials for other STI...
  79. ncbi request reprint Trends in HIV prevalence among drug-users attending public drug-treatment centres in Italy: 1990-2000
    Barbara Suligoi
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Med Virol 73:1-6. 2004
    ..Aggregated national-level data, despite their limitations, represent a reliable tool for monitoring the temporal trend of HIV prevalence among injecting drug-users in Italy...
  80. ncbi request reprint [Epidemiology of HIV infection in Italy]
    Barbara Suligoi
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161, Roma
    Epidemiol Prev 27:73-9. 2003
    ..The changed pattern of the HIV epidemic in Italy stresses the need of a nation-wide surveillance system for HIV infections aimed at allocation of adequate economic resources and planning specific prevention programmes...
  81. ncbi request reprint [Survival, progression to AIDS and immunosuppression in HIV-positive individuals before and after the introduction of the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)]
    Patrizio Pezzotti
    Reparto AIDS MST, Laboratorio di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Roma
    Epidemiol Prev 27:348-55. 2003
    ..6 (95% CI +34.1; +45.1)per year. This study provides strong evidence that the efficacy of the HAART estimated in the controlled clinical trials has resulted in a real reduction at the population level of morbidity and mortality...
  82. ncbi request reprint Identifying recent HIV infections using the avidity index and an automated enzyme immunoassay
    Barbara Suligoi
    Reparto AIDS e MSTl, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:424-8. 2003
    ..The standard assay procedure is not modified. This test is simple and inexpensive and could be used for surveillance, decision-making in treatment, and prevention...
  83. ncbi request reprint Effect of multiple herpesvirus infections on the progression of HIV disease in a cohort of HIV seroconverters
    Barbara Suligoi
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Med Virol 69:182-7. 2003
    ..However, even after excluding Kaposi's sarcoma from the AIDS-defining endpoints, a slightly increased risk for participants with four herpesvirus infections remained...
  84. ncbi request reprint Changes over time in post-seroconversion CD4 cell counts in the Italian HIV-Seroconversion Study: 1985-2002
    Maria Dorrucci
    Reparto di Epidemiologia, Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie e Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 19:331-5. 2005
    ..To determine whether there has been a tendency for early post-seroconversion CD4 cell counts to change over calendar time...
  85. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of HHV-8 infection in Albanian adults and association with HBV and HCV
    Nicola Schinaia
    Istituto Superiore di Sanità National Health Institute, Rome, Italy
    Eur J Epidemiol 19:467-9. 2004
    ..We found 20% anti-HHV-8 antibodies, about 10% HbsAg-positive, and 67% anti-HBc antibodies; anti-HCV antibody prevalence was 3%. It remains to be determined whether HHV-8 infection and HCV infection have common modes of transmission...
  86. ncbi request reprint The effect of hepatitis C on progression to AIDS before and after highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Maria Dorrucci
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie e Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 18:2313-8. 2004
    ..To assess the effect of infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) on the progression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease, before and after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)...
  87. ncbi request reprint Molecular diversity of HIV in Albania
    Massimo Ciccozzi
    Epidemiology Unit, Department of Infectious Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Infect Dis 192:475-9. 2005
    ..In conclusion, non-B subtypes are predominant in Albania, and the prevalence of resistance to antiretroviral drugs is still low...
  88. ncbi request reprint An outbreak of hepatitis A virus infection with a high case-fatality rate among injecting drug users
    Enea Spada
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, National Center of Epidemiology, Surveillance and Health Promotion, Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    J Hepatol 43:958-64. 2005
    ..We attempted a thorough evaluation of the outbreak, including epidemiological, clinical and virological analyses...
  89. ncbi request reprint The effect of aging on the incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma among HIV-positive individuals with known dates of seroconversion
    Maria Dorrucci
    AIDS and STD Unit, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Int J Cancer 104:251-4. 2003
  90. ncbi request reprint Estimating the cumulative number of human immunodeficiency virus diagnoses by cross-linking from four different sources
    Patrizio Pezzotti
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, Rome, Italy
    Int J Epidemiol 32:778-83. 2003
    ..We estimated the cumulative number of people diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in a region of Italy by cross-linking data from four surveillance systems and applying capture-recapture methods...
  91. doi request reprint Dental hygienists behaviour towards HIV-positive patients in highly active antiretroviral therapy era: a pilot survey
    M Giuliani
    School of Dentistry, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
    Int J Dent Hyg 9:204-10. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess hygienists' attitude when treating HIV-infected individuals in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)...
  92. doi request reprint Few Italian drug users undergo HIV testing
    L Camoni
    Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie e Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161, Rome, Italy
    AIDS Behav 15:711-7. 2011
    ..Among non-injectors, an association was found for foreign nationality and not having been treated at other facilities. The results stress the need to facilitate access to testing...
  93. pmc Immunologic response to highly active antiretroviral therapy and mortality reduction in a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus-positive persons in Mozambique
    Leonardo Palombi
    Department of Public Health and Cellular Biology, University Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:1128-32. 2010
    ..54, 95% confidence interval = 0.30-0.95). A good initial response to HAART was associated with a significant reduction of mortality. This finding supports the effectiveness of HAART in resource-poor settings...
  94. ncbi request reprint gp41 sequence variability in HIV type 1 non-B subtypes infected patients undergoing enfuvirtide pressure
    Roberta D'Arrigo
    Spallanzani Institute for Infectious Diseases, Rome, Italy
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 23:1296-302. 2007
    ....
  95. ncbi request reprint Attitudes and practices of dentists treating patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Michele Giuliani
    School of Dentistry, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
    Med Sci Monit 15:PH49-56. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess dentists' attitudes when treating individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Italy...
  96. doi request reprint Prevalence of antibodies to phleboviruses and flaviviruses in Peja, Kosovo
    G Venturi
    Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune Mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Clin Microbiol Infect 17:1180-2. 2011
    ..Positive results were obtained for the phleboviruses TOSV and SFNV, and for a flavivirus of the Japanese Encephalitis group. No positive results for TBEV were observed...
  97. ncbi request reprint Evolutionary analysis of HA and NS1 genes of H5N1 influenza viruses in 2004-2005 epidemics
    Massimo Ciccozzi
    Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena, 299, Rome 00161, Italy
    Avian Dis 51:455-60. 2007
    ..Results showed that the number of HA positively selected sites decreased compared to 2004; no selection pressure for NS1 was found. These findings suggest a possible change in the adaptation of the H5N1 virus to birds...
  98. doi request reprint Identification of the novel KI polyomavirus in the respiratory tract of an Italian patient
    Muhammed Babakir-Mina
    Laboratory of Molecular Virology, University Hospital Tor Vergata, Viale Oxford, Rome, Italy
    J Med Virol 80:2012-4. 2008
    ..Further investigations are needed to establish an etiological link of KIV with acute respiratory illness...
  99. ncbi request reprint Human herpesvirus-8 infection in pregnancy and labor: lack of evidence of vertical transmission
    Loredana Sarmati
    Department of Public Health and Cellular Biology, University Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    J Med Virol 72:462-6. 2004
    ..None of the amniotic fluid and cord blood samples had detectable HHV-8 DNA sequences. This study suggests that vertical transmission of HHV-8 is unlikely or, at least, very rare...
  100. ncbi request reprint Increased HIV incidence among men who have sex with men in Rome
    Massimo Giuliani
    Epidemiology Unit, Department of Infectious Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 19:1429-31. 2005
    ..This trend suggests the need for interventions aimed at encouraging behavioural changes among MSM...
  101. ncbi request reprint Respiratory viruses and influenza-like illness: a survey in the area of Rome, winter 2004-2005
    G Rezza
    Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Euro Surveill 11:251-3. 2006
    ..Viral pathogens were identified in less than 50% of ILI cases occurred during a high activity influenza season. The detection of other than influenza viruses was sporadic, without evidence of large outbreaks due to specific agents...