Paola Bonfante

Summary

Affiliation: Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante
Country: Italy

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: an evolutionary-developmental perspective
    Paola Bonfante
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Università di Torino Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125, Torino, Italy
    Trends Plant Sci 13:492-8. 2008
  2. doi request reprint Plants, mycorrhizal fungi, and bacteria: a network of interactions
    Paola Bonfante
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale dell Università di Torino and Istituto di Protezione delle Piante del CNR, Sezione di Torino, Torino 10125, Italy
    Annu Rev Microbiol 63:363-83. 2009
  3. doi request reprint Mechanisms underlying beneficial plant-fungus interactions in mycorrhizal symbiosis
    Paola Bonfante
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Torino and IPP CNR, Viale P A Mattioli 25, Torino 10125, Italy
    Nat Commun 1:48. 2010
  4. pmc A rice calcium-dependent protein kinase is expressed in cortical root cells during the presymbiotic phase of the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis
    Lidia Campos-Soriano
    Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics CSIC IRTA UAB, Department of Molecular Genetics, Campus UAB, Edifici CRAG, Bellaterra Cerdanyola del Vallès 08193 Barcelona, Spain
    BMC Plant Biol 11:90. 2011
  5. pmc Two putative-aquaporin genes are differentially expressed during arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis in Lotus japonicus
    Marco Giovannetti
    Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, University of Torino and IPP CNR, Torino, Italy
    BMC Plant Biol 12:186. 2012
  6. pmc Transcriptome analysis of arbuscular mycorrhizal roots during development of the prepenetration apparatus
    Valeria Siciliano
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Università di Torino and Istituto Protezione Piante CNR, Torino, Italy
    Plant Physiol 144:1455-66. 2007
  7. doi request reprint Genome-wide reprogramming of regulatory networks, transport, cell wall and membrane biogenesis during arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis in Lotus japonicus
    Mike Guether
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Torino and IPP CNR, Torino, Italy
    New Phytol 182:200-12. 2009
  8. doi request reprint Short-chain chitin oligomers from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi trigger nuclear Ca2+ spiking in Medicago truncatula roots and their production is enhanced by strigolactone
    Andrea Genre
    Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, University of Turin, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125, Turin, Italy
    New Phytol 198:190-202. 2013
  9. pmc The genome of the obligate endobacterium of an AM fungus reveals an interphylum network of nutritional interactions
    Stefano Ghignone
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale and IPP CNR, Torino, Italy
    ISME J 6:136-45. 2012
  10. doi request reprint PCR primers specific for the genus Tuber reveal the presence of several truffle species in a truffle-ground
    Elisa Zampieri
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale dell Università di Torino, Torino, Italy
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 297:67-72. 2009

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications70

  1. doi request reprint Plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: an evolutionary-developmental perspective
    Paola Bonfante
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Università di Torino Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125, Torino, Italy
    Trends Plant Sci 13:492-8. 2008
    ..The possibility that pre-existing mechanisms involved in plant cell division were recruited by plants to accommodate AM fungi is discussed...
  2. doi request reprint Plants, mycorrhizal fungi, and bacteria: a network of interactions
    Paola Bonfante
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale dell Università di Torino and Istituto di Protezione delle Piante del CNR, Sezione di Torino, Torino 10125, Italy
    Annu Rev Microbiol 63:363-83. 2009
    ..The potential involvement of quorum sensing and Type III secretion systems is discussed, even if the exact nature of the complex interspecies/interphylum interactions remains unclear...
  3. doi request reprint Mechanisms underlying beneficial plant-fungus interactions in mycorrhizal symbiosis
    Paola Bonfante
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Torino and IPP CNR, Viale P A Mattioli 25, Torino 10125, Italy
    Nat Commun 1:48. 2010
    ..Thus, the contributions of each partner in a mycorrhizal association are starting to be unravelled. This new knowledge is now available for use in agricultural practices...
  4. pmc A rice calcium-dependent protein kinase is expressed in cortical root cells during the presymbiotic phase of the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis
    Lidia Campos-Soriano
    Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics CSIC IRTA UAB, Department of Molecular Genetics, Campus UAB, Edifici CRAG, Bellaterra Cerdanyola del Vallès 08193 Barcelona, Spain
    BMC Plant Biol 11:90. 2011
    ..Even though calcium transients are known to occur in host cells during the AM symbiosis, the decoding of the calcium signal and the molecular events downstream are only poorly understood...
  5. pmc Two putative-aquaporin genes are differentially expressed during arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis in Lotus japonicus
    Marco Giovannetti
    Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, University of Torino and IPP CNR, Torino, Italy
    BMC Plant Biol 12:186. 2012
    ..Here, we have focused on two putative aquaporin genes, LjNIP1 and LjXIP1, which resulted to be upregulated in a transcriptomic analysis performed on mycorrhizal roots of Lotus japonicus...
  6. pmc Transcriptome analysis of arbuscular mycorrhizal roots during development of the prepenetration apparatus
    Valeria Siciliano
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Università di Torino and Istituto Protezione Piante CNR, Torino, Italy
    Plant Physiol 144:1455-66. 2007
    ..A putative Avr9/Cf-9 rapidly elicited gene, found to be up-regulated in the mutant, suggests novel regulatory roles for the DMI3 protein in the early mycorrhization process...
  7. doi request reprint Genome-wide reprogramming of regulatory networks, transport, cell wall and membrane biogenesis during arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis in Lotus japonicus
    Mike Guether
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Torino and IPP CNR, Torino, Italy
    New Phytol 182:200-12. 2009
    ..When compared with previously published papers, the transcript profiles indicate the presence of a core set of responsive genes (25) that seem to be conserved irrespective of the symbiotic partner identity...
  8. doi request reprint Short-chain chitin oligomers from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi trigger nuclear Ca2+ spiking in Medicago truncatula roots and their production is enhanced by strigolactone
    Andrea Genre
    Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, University of Turin, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125, Turin, Italy
    New Phytol 198:190-202. 2013
    ....
  9. pmc The genome of the obligate endobacterium of an AM fungus reveals an interphylum network of nutritional interactions
    Stefano Ghignone
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale and IPP CNR, Torino, Italy
    ISME J 6:136-45. 2012
    ..Our work represents the first step towards unraveling a complex network of interphylum interactions, which is expected to have a previously unrecognized ecological impact...
  10. doi request reprint PCR primers specific for the genus Tuber reveal the presence of several truffle species in a truffle-ground
    Elisa Zampieri
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale dell Università di Torino, Torino, Italy
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 297:67-72. 2009
    ..These primers will be useful for understanding truffle ecology and for practical needs in plantation management...
  11. doi request reprint Soil analysis reveals the presence of an extended mycelial network in a Tuber magnatum truffle-ground
    Elisa Zampieri
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale dell Università di Torino, Torino, Italy
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 71:43-9. 2010
    ..Moreover, this new tool may have practical importance in projects aimed to increase large-scale truffle production, checking for T. magnatum persistence in plantations...
  12. ncbi request reprint Phospholipase A2 up-regulation during mycorrhiza formation in Tuber borchii
    Laura Miozzi
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Universita di Torino, Torino, Italy
    New Phytol 167:229-38. 2005
    ..A similar expression trend was revealed by immunolocalization experiments. We have shown that TbSP1 appears to respond to two partially overlapping yet distinct stimuli: nutrient starvation and mycorrhiza formation...
  13. pmc Prepenetration apparatus assembly precedes and predicts the colonization patterns of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi within the root cortex of both Medicago truncatula and Daucus carota
    Andrea Genre
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Turin, Istituto Protezione Piante Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, 10125 Turin, Italy
    Plant Cell 20:1407-20. 2008
    ..We propose a model for intracellular AM fungal accommodation integrating peri-arbuscular interface formation and the regulation of functional arbuscule development...
  14. ncbi request reprint Presymbiotic growth and sporal morphology are affected in the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margarita cured of its endobacteria
    Erica Lumini
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale dell Università and Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante CNR, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125 I, Torino, Italy
    Cell Microbiol 9:1716-29. 2007
    ..This cured line is the first manipulated and stable isolate of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus...
  15. doi request reprint The ftsZ gene of the endocellular bacterium 'Candidatus Glomeribacter gigasporarum' is preferentially expressed during the symbiotic phases of its host mycorrhizal fungus
    Iulia Andra Anca
    Universita degli Studi di Torino, Dip Biologia Vegetale, V le P A Mattioli 25, I 10125, Torino, Italy
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 22:302-10. 2009
    ..The bioactive molecule alone did not cause any change in the number of bacteria after their isolation from the fungus, thus showing that the strigolactone alone cannot confer free-living capacities to the bacterium...
  16. doi request reprint Tuber melanosporum, when dominant, affects fungal dynamics in truffle grounds
    Chiara Napoli
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale dell Università di Torino, Torino, Italy
    New Phytol 185:237-47. 2010
    ..The Basidiomycota ECM fungi decreased within the brulé, indicating a competitive effect of T. melanosporum on the other ECM fungi. Among other factors, the dynamics of fungal populations seems to be correlated to brulé formation...
  17. doi request reprint An AM-induced, MYB-family gene of Lotus japonicus (LjMAMI) affects root growth in an AM-independent manner
    Veronica Volpe
    Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, University of Torino, Viale Mattioli 25, I 10125, Torino, Italy
    Plant J 73:442-55. 2013
    ..The results support the involvement of the AM-responsive LjMAMI in non-symbiotic functions: i.e. root growth...
  18. doi request reprint Genome-wide analysis of cell wall-related genes in Tuber melanosporum
    Raffaella Balestrini
    Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante del CNR, UOS Torino, Viale Mattioli, 25, 10125, Turin, Italy
    Curr Genet 58:165-77. 2012
    ..Labeling experiments were also performed on T. melanosporum mycelium and ectomycorrhizae to localize cell wall components...
  19. doi request reprint Presymbiotic factors released by the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margarita induce starch accumulation in Lotus japonicus roots
    Caroline Gutjahr
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Universita di Torino, Torino, Italy
    New Phytol 183:53-61. 2009
    ..japonicus roots. * We conclude that factors released from germinating AM fungal spores induce changes in the root carbon status, possibly by enhancing sugar import, which leads to starch accumulation when colonization is prevented...
  20. pmc A mycorrhizal-specific ammonium transporter from Lotus japonicus acquires nitrogen released by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
    Mike Guether
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Torino and Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, 10125 Torino, Italy
    Plant Physiol 150:73-83. 2009
    ..The implications of such a finding are discussed in the context of AM functioning and plant phosphorus uptake...
  21. doi request reprint The Perigord black truffle responds to cold temperature with an extensive reprogramming of its transcriptional activity
    Elisa Zampieri
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale dell Università di Torino, Torino, Italy
    Fungal Genet Biol 48:585-91. 2011
    ..Since truffle ascomata develop during the winter period, we hypothesize that these differentially expressed genes may help the truffle to adapt to low temperatures and/or perceive environmental signals that regulate the fructification...
  22. doi request reprint Root starch accumulation in response to arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization differs among Lotus japonicus starch mutants
    Caroline Gutjahr
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Universita di Torino, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125 Turin, Italy
    Planta 234:639-46. 2011
    ..Furthermore, our experiments allowed us to characterize root starch dynamics in detail and point to continued turnover of starch in the degradation mutants in the presence of mycorrhiza...
  23. doi request reprint ITS-1 versus ITS-2 pyrosequencing: a comparison of fungal populations in truffle grounds
    Antonietta Mello
    Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante del CNR, Sezione di Torino, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125 Torino, Italy
    Mycologia 103:1184-93. 2011
    ....
  24. doi request reprint The obligate endobacteria of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are ancient heritable components related to the Mollicutes
    Maria Naumann
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Turin and IPP CNR, Turin, Italy
    ISME J 4:862-71. 2010
    ..The BLO-AMF symbiosis can, therefore, be dated back at least to the time when AMF formed the ancestral symbiosis with emergent land plants...
  25. ncbi request reprint The role of the glyoxylate cycle in the symbiotic fungus Tuber borchii: expression analysis and subcellular localization
    Simona Abba'
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Università di Torino and Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante del CNR Sezione di Torino, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125 Turin, Italy
    Curr Genet 52:159-70. 2007
    ....
  26. pmc The mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margarita possesses a CuZn superoxide dismutase that is up-regulated during symbiosis with legume hosts
    Luisa Lanfranco
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Universita di Torino, 10125 Turin, Italy
    Plant Physiol 137:1319-30. 2005
    ....
  27. doi request reprint The exudate from an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus induces nitric oxide accumulation in Medicago truncatula roots
    Cristina Calcagno
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Universita degli Studi di Torino, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125 Turin, Italy
    Mycorrhiza 22:259-69. 2012
    ..Genetic and cellular evidence, therefore, suggests that NO accumulation is a novel component in the signaling pathway that leads to AM symbiosis...
  28. ncbi request reprint A limiting source of organic nitrogen induces specific transcriptional responses in the extraradical structures of the endomycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices
    Gilda Cappellazzo
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Universita di Torino, Viale P A Mattioli 25, 10125 Torino, Italy
    Curr Genet 51:59-70. 2007
    ..intraradices extraradical structures perceive organic N limitation in the surrounding environment leading to a response at transcriptional level and supports the role of N as signalling molecule in AM fungi...
  29. ncbi request reprint Truffle volatiles inhibit growth and induce an oxidative burst in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Richard Splivallo
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Torino, CEBIOVEM Centre of Excellence, Torino, Italy
    New Phytol 175:417-24. 2007
    ..thaliana and modify its oxidative metabolism. Even though limited to laboratory observations, these results indicate the presence of a hitherto unknown function of fungal volatiles as molecules that mediate fungal-plant interactions...
  30. pmc Biotic and abiotic stimulation of root epidermal cells reveals common and specific responses to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
    Andrea Genre
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Università di Torino and Istituto Protezione Piante Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, 10125 Torino, Italy
    Plant Physiol 149:1424-34. 2009
    ..Such observations identify responses that are specific to mycorrhizal interactions and extend the role of the DMI3 protein, a calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase, from symbiotic to pathogenic interactions...
  31. ncbi request reprint Assessment of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity in roots of Solidago gigantea growing in a polluted soil in Northern Italy
    Marta Vallino
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Universita degli Studi di Torino, CEBIOVEM and Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante del CNR, Sezione Torino, V le Mattioli 25, 10125 Torino, Italy
    Environ Microbiol 8:971-83. 2006
    ....
  32. pmc A dehydration-inducible gene in the truffle Tuber borchii identifies a novel group of dehydrins
    Simona Abba'
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale dell Università degli Studi di Torino and IPP CNR Sezione di Torino, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125 Torino, Italy
    BMC Genomics 7:39. 2006
    ..mRNA levels for M6G10 increased dramatically during fruiting body maturation compared to the vegetative mycelial stage...
  33. ncbi request reprint ITS primers for the identification of marketable Boletus
    Antonietta Mello
    Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante del CNR, Sezione di Torino, Viale Mattioli, 25, 10125 Torino, Italy
    J Biotechnol 121:318-29. 2006
    ..violaceofuscus, a spectacular Chinese fungus considered belonging to the section Boletus and often sold intermixed with B. edulis s.l. specimens, clusters outside the section Boletus...
  34. doi request reprint Endobacteria affect the metabolic profile of their host Gigaspora margarita, an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus
    Alessandra Salvioli
    Department of Plant Biology University of Torino, Torino, Italy
    Environ Microbiol 12:2083-95. 2010
    ..margarita as a stimulus which activates stress-responsive proteins...
  35. pmc Characterization of an amino acid permease from the endomycorrhizal fungus Glomus mosseae
    Gilda Cappellazzo
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Universita di Torino, 10125 Torino, Italy
    Plant Physiol 147:429-37. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that GmosAAP1 plays a role in the first steps of amino acid acquisition, allowing direct amino acid uptake from the soil and extending the molecular tools by which AM fungi exploit soil resources...
  36. doi request reprint Mollicutes-related endobacteria thrive inside liverwort-associated arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
    Alessandro Desirò
    Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
    Environ Microbiol 15:822-36. 2013
    ..The high genetic variability of BLOs in liverwort-AMF associations thriving in the same ecological niche raises questions about the mechanisms underlying such diversity...
  37. pmc Differential expression of a metallothionein gene during the presymbiotic versus the symbiotic phase of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus
    Luisa Lanfranco
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Università di Torino and Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante Sezione di Torino, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125 Torino, Italy
    Plant Physiol 130:58-67. 2002
    ....
  38. pmc The arbuscular mycorrhizal status has an impact on the transcriptome profile and amino acid composition of tomato fruit
    Alessandra Salvioli
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Università degli Studi di Torino and IPP CNR, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125 Torino, Italy
    BMC Plant Biol 12:44. 2012
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint 'Candidatus glomeribacter gigasporarum' gen. nov., sp. nov., an endosymbiont of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
    Valeria Bianciotto
    Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante Sezione di Torino del CNR and Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale dell Università di Torino, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125 Torino, Italy
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 53:121-4. 2003
    ..These morphological and genomic characteristics were used to assign the endosymbionts of these three species (five isolates) of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as 'Candidatus Glomeribacter gigasporarum' gen. nov., sp. nov...
  40. doi request reprint Dating in the dark: how roots respond to fungal signals to establish arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis
    Paola Bonfante
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Torino, and IPP CNR, Italy
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 14:451-7. 2011
    ..We conclude that similar signaling molecules may have different meanings, depending on the context. However, at the end, specificity must be maintained to ensure appropriate partners enter symbiosis...
  41. doi request reprint Disclosing arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal biodiversity in soil through a land-use gradient using a pyrosequencing approach
    Erica Lumini
    Istituto per Protezione delle Piante Sez di Torino CNR, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125, Italy
    Environ Microbiol 12:2165-79. 2010
    ..The high number of sequences obtained by the pyrosequencing strategy has provided detailed information on the soil AMF assemblages, thus offering a source of light to shine on this crucial soil microbial group...
  42. doi request reprint Genomic suppression subtractive hybridization as a tool to identify differences in mycorrhizal fungal genomes
    Claude Murat
    Department of Plant Biology, Institute for Plant Protection CNR, University of Turin, UOS Turin, Turin, Italy
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 318:115-22. 2011
    ..This approach is a quick and rather inexpensive tool to develop molecular markers for mycorrhizal fungi tracking and barcoding, to identify functional genes and to investigate the genome plasticity, adaptation and evolution...
  43. ncbi request reprint Check-in procedures for plant cell entry by biotrophic microbes
    Andrea Genre
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Universita di Torino, Italy
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 20:1023-30. 2007
    ..Similarities and differences mirror the nutritional and developmental strategies of each plant-interacting organism, underlining the fact that plant cell entry represents a key aspect in the establishment of biotrophy...
  44. ncbi request reprint Genetic variability of Tuber uncinatum and its relatedness to other black truffles
    Antonietta Mello
    Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante del CNR, Sezione di Torino, Italy
    Environ Microbiol 4:584-94. 2002
    ..aestivum and T. uncinatum considered in our analysis. In conclusion, different molecular approaches separate T. aestivum and T. uncinatum according to their spore reticulum and their taste and smell...
  45. doi request reprint Detection of a novel intracellular microbiome hosted in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
    Alessandro Desirò
    Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
    ISME J 8:257-70. 2014
    ..These findings show for the first time that fungi support an intracellular bacterial microbiome, in which distinct types of endobacteria coexist in a single cell. ..
  46. doi request reprint The expression of GintPT, the phosphate transporter of Rhizophagus irregularis, depends on the symbiotic status and phosphate availability
    Valentina Fiorilli
    Institute for Plant Protection, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125, Turin, Italy
    Planta 237:1267-77. 2013
    ..Taken on the whole, the findings highlight novel traits for the functioning of the GintPT gene and offer a molecular scenario to the models describing nutrient transfers as a cooperation between the mycorrhizal partners...
  47. pmc Transcript profiling reveals novel marker genes involved in fruiting body formation in Tuber borchii
    Silvia Gabella
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale dell Università di Torino, Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante CNR, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125 Turin, Italy
    Eukaryot Cell 4:1599-602. 2005
    ..We suggest hypotheses about the importance of various physiological processes during the development of fruiting bodies...
  48. ncbi request reprint Plant-microbe interactions in Yucatán: hurricanes didn't curb the whirlwind of discovery
    Paola Bonfante
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale dell Università, Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante CNR, Sezione di Torino, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125 Torino, Italy
    New Phytol 170:653-5. 2006
  49. ncbi request reprint Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: a specialised niche for rhizospheric and endocellular bacteria
    Valeria Bianciotto
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale and Centro Studio sulla Micologia del Terreno del CNR, Torino, Italy
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 81:365-71. 2002
    ..The endobacteria have been found in the cytoplasm of some isolates of AM fungi belonging to Gigasporaceae and offer a rare example of bacteria living in symbiosis with fungi...
  50. pmc Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi elicit a novel intracellular apparatus in Medicago truncatula root epidermal cells before infection
    Andrea Genre
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Turin and Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante Consiglio Nazionale delle Richerche, Italy
    Plant Cell 17:3489-99. 2005
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Truffles: much more than a prized and local fungal delicacy
    Antonietta Mello
    Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante del CNR, Sezione di Torino, Torino, Italy
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 260:1-8. 2006
    ..magnatum has been followed in a selected truffle-ground, the phylogeography of T. melanosporum and T. magnatum has been traced, and the microorganisms associated with the truffles and their habitats have been identified...
  52. ncbi request reprint Discrimination of truffle fruiting body versus mycelial aromas by stir bar sorptive extraction
    Richard Splivallo
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Torino, Centre of Excellence CEBIOVEM, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125 Torino, Italy
    Phytochemistry 68:2584-98. 2007
    ..e. sulfur) in the mycelium raises questions about their origins in the fruiting bodies and confirms deep metabolic changes between the reproductive (fruiting body) and vegetative (mycelium) stages...
  53. ncbi request reprint Tuber magnatum Pico, a species of limited geographical distribution: its genetic diversity inside and outside a truffle ground
    Antonietta Mello
    Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante del CNR, Sezione di Torino, Torino, Italy
    Environ Microbiol 7:55-65. 2005
    ..In addition, both the SCAR and the ITS proved to be polymorphic among samples coming from different geographical regions, revealing a genetic differentiation in T. magnatum...
  54. ncbi request reprint Identification and evolutionary analysis of putative cytoplasmic mcpA-like protein in a bacterial strain living in symbiosis with a mycorrhizal fungus
    Daniela Minerdi
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Università di Torino and Centro di Studio sulla Micologia del Terreno del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Viale Mattioli 25, 10125 Torino, Italy
    J Mol Evol 54:815-24. 2002
    ..The following evolutionary divergence involved not only point mutations, but also larger rearrangements (insertions and deletions) at the 3' end of the gene...
  55. doi request reprint The mitochondrial genome of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margarita reveals two unsuspected trans-splicing events of group I introns
    Adrian Pelin
    Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    New Phytol 194:836-45. 2012
    ....
  56. pmc Isolation and characterization of differentially expressed genes in the mycelium and fruit body of Tuber borchii
    Isabelle Lacourt
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Università di Torino and Sezione di Torino, Istituto di Protezione delle Piante CNR, 10125 Turin, Italy
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:4574-82. 2002
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint Morphological and molecular typing of the below-ground fungal community in a natural Tuber magnatum truffle-ground
    Claude Murat
    UMR INRA UHP 1136 Interactions Arbres Micro organismes, Centre INRA de Nancy, F 54280 Champenoux, France
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 245:307-13. 2005
    ..magnatum mycorrhizae were rare and independent on the fruitbody productions and (ii) the dominant fungal species belonged to Thelephoraceae, followed by Tuberaceae and Sebacinaceae...
  58. pmc Distinctive properties and expression profiles of glutamine synthetase from a plant symbiotic fungus
    Barbara Montanini
    Dipartimento di Biochimica e Biologia Molecolare, Universita di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 23 A, I 43100 Parma, Italy
    Biochem J 373:357-68. 2003
    ..The TbGS mRNA was also found to be expressed in symbiosis-engaged hyphae, with distinctively higher hybridization signals in hyphae that were penetrating among and within root cells...
  59. pmc Functional properties and differential mode of regulation of the nitrate transporter from a plant symbiotic ascomycete
    Barbara Montanini
    Dipartimento di Biochimica e Biologia Molecolare, Universita di Parma, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Biochem J 394:125-34. 2006
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint Enolase from the ectomycorrhizal fungus Tuber borchii Vittad.: biochemical characterization, molecular cloning, and localization
    Emanuela Polidori
    Istituto di Chimica Biologica Giorgio Fornaini, Universita degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo, Via A Saffi, 2, 61029 Urbino PU, Italy
    Fungal Genet Biol 41:157-67. 2004
    ..borchii eno-1 regulation in response to the growth phase. Finally, Western blotting analysis demonstrated that enolase is localized only in the cytosolic fraction confirming its important role in glycolysis...
  61. ncbi request reprint Phylogenetic analysis of Glomeromycota by partial LSU rDNA sequences
    Gladstone Alves da Silva
    Departamento de Micologia, CCB, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av Prof Nelson Chaves, S N, 50670 420 Recife, PE, Brazil
    Mycorrhiza 16:183-9. 2006
    ..The results support data obtained with the small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene, demonstrating that the LSU rRNA gene is a useful molecular marker for clarifying taxonomic and phylogenetic relationships in Glomeromycota...
  62. ncbi request reprint Endobacteria or bacterial endosymbionts? To be or not to be
    Erica Lumini
    New Phytol 170:205-8. 2006
  63. pmc Identification of internal transcribed spacer sequence motifs in truffles: a first step toward their DNA bar coding
    Khalid El Karkouri
    Unite des Rickettsies, CNRS UMR 6020, Faculte de Medecine, Universite de la Mediterranee, 27 Boulevard Jean Moulin, 13385 Marseille Cedex 05, France
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:5320-30. 2007
    ..These results were confirmed in a blind test which included new field isolates. The current work has provided a reliable new tool for a truffle oligonucleotide bar code and identification in ecological and evolutionary studies...
  64. ncbi request reprint Is the Perigord black truffle threatened by an invasive species? We dreaded it and it has happened!
    Claude Murat
    New Phytol 178:699-702. 2008
  65. ncbi request reprint Laser microdissection reveals that transcripts for five plant and one fungal phosphate transporter genes are contemporaneously present in arbusculated cells
    Raffaella Balestrini
    Istituto Protezione Piante, CNR and Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Universita di Torino, Viale Mattioli, 25 10125 Torino, Italy
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 20:1055-62. 2007
    ..The discovery that five plant and one fungal PT genes are consistently expressed inside the arbusculated cells provides a new scenario for plant-fungus nutrient exchanges...
  66. ncbi request reprint Enhanced activity of the GmarMT1 promoter from the mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margarita at limited carbon supply
    Roberta Bergero
    Crop and Soil Research Group, Scottish Agricultural College, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, EH9 3JG, UK
    Fungal Genet Biol 44:877-85. 2007
    ..We speculate that GmarMT1-encoded protein, with its proved metal binding ability, could regulate the homeostasis of zinc, a fundamental cofactor involved in C metabolism regulation and glucose repression...
  67. ncbi request reprint Soil fungal hyphae bind and attack asbestos fibers
    Elena Martino
    Interdepartmental Center G Scansetti for Studies on Asbestos and Other Toxic Particulates, University of Torino, Dipartimento Biologia Vegetale, via le Mattioli 25, 10125 Torino, Italy
    Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 42:219-22. 2003
  68. pmc A diffusible signal from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi elicits a transient cytosolic calcium elevation in host plant cells
    Lorella Navazio
    Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita di Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy
    Plant Physiol 144:673-81. 2007
    ....
  69. ncbi request reprint Gene expression profiling of the nitrogen starvation stress response in the mycorrhizal ascomycete Tuber borchii
    Barbara Montanini
    Dipartimento di Biochimica e Biologia Molecolare, Universita di Parma, Italy
    Fungal Genet Biol 43:630-41. 2006
    ..A subset of cDNA array data were confirmed and extended by Northern blot analysis, which showed that most of the latter components respond not only to nitrogen, but also to carbon source depletion...
  70. doi request reprint Simultaneous detection and quantification of the unculturable microbe Candidatus Glomeribacter gigasporarum inside its fungal host Gigaspora margarita
    Alessandra Salvioli
    Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale dell Università degli Studi di Torino, Viale Mattioli 25, I 10125 Italy
    New Phytol 180:248-57. 2008
    ..For the first time qPCR has been applied to a complex biological system to detect and quantify fungal and bacterial components using single-copy genes, and to monitor the bacterial presence throughout the fungal life cycle...