Tommaso Cai

Summary

Country: Italy

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Solidago, orthosiphon, birch and cranberry extracts can decrease microbial colonization and biofilm development in indwelling urinary catheter: a microbiologic and ultrastructural pilot study
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Regional Hospital, Largo Medaglie d Oro, 9, Trento, Italy
    World J Urol 32:1007-14. 2014
  2. ncbi request reprint Apple consumption is related to better sexual quality of life in young women
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Regional Hospital, Largo Medaglie d Oro, 9, Trento, Italy
    Arch Gynecol Obstet 290:93-8. 2014
  3. doi request reprint An improvement in sexual function is related to better quality of life, regardless of urinary function improvement: results from the IDIProst® Gold Study
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Regional Hospital, Trento
    Arch Ital Urol Androl 85:184-9. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Effects of pollen extract in association with vitamins (DEPROX 500®) for pain relief in patients affected by chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: results from a pilot study
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Regional Hospital, Trento, Italy
    Urologia 80:5-10. 2013
  5. ncbi request reprint The role of asymptomatic bacteriuria in young women with recurrent urinary tract infections: to treat or not to treat?
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Hospital, Trento, Italy
    Clin Infect Dis 55:771-7. 2012
  6. doi request reprint Semen quality in patients with Chlamydia trachomatis genital infection treated concurrently with prulifloxacin and a phytotherapeutic agent
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Hospital, Largo Medaglie D Oro 9, Trento, Italy
    J Androl 33:615-23. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Epidemiological features and resistance pattern in uropathogens isolated from chronic bacterial prostatitis
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Hospital, Trento, 38123, Italy
    J Microbiol 49:448-54. 2011
  8. ncbi request reprint Infected congenital urethral diverticulum manifested as a scrotal mass in an adult male: case report and review of the literature
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Urol Int 81:234-7. 2008
  9. ncbi request reprint Can early single dose instillation of epirubicin improve bacillus Calmette-Guerin efficacy in patients with nonmuscle invasive high risk bladder cancer? Results from a prospective, randomized, double-blind controlled study
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    J Urol 180:110-5. 2008
  10. doi request reprint Genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection is related to poor sexual quality of life in young sexually active women
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Hospital, Trento, Italy
    J Sex Med 8:1131-7. 2011

Detail Information

Publications55

  1. ncbi request reprint Solidago, orthosiphon, birch and cranberry extracts can decrease microbial colonization and biofilm development in indwelling urinary catheter: a microbiologic and ultrastructural pilot study
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Regional Hospital, Largo Medaglie d Oro, 9, Trento, Italy
    World J Urol 32:1007-14. 2014
    ..We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a preparation with solidago, orthosiphon, birch and cranberry extracts (CISTIMEV PLUS(®)) in reducing microbial colonization and biofilm development in patients with indwelling urinary catheters...
  2. ncbi request reprint Apple consumption is related to better sexual quality of life in young women
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Regional Hospital, Largo Medaglie d Oro, 9, Trento, Italy
    Arch Gynecol Obstet 290:93-8. 2014
    ..We aim to assess whether there is a tie between daily apple intake and sexual function in a sample of healthy young sexually active Italian women, not complaining of any sexual disorders...
  3. doi request reprint An improvement in sexual function is related to better quality of life, regardless of urinary function improvement: results from the IDIProst® Gold Study
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Regional Hospital, Trento
    Arch Ital Urol Androl 85:184-9. 2013
    ....
  4. doi request reprint Effects of pollen extract in association with vitamins (DEPROX 500®) for pain relief in patients affected by chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: results from a pilot study
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Regional Hospital, Trento, Italy
    Urologia 80:5-10. 2013
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint The role of asymptomatic bacteriuria in young women with recurrent urinary tract infections: to treat or not to treat?
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Hospital, Trento, Italy
    Clin Infect Dis 55:771-7. 2012
    ..We aimed to evaluate the impact of AB treatment on the recurrence rate among young women affected by recurrent UTI...
  6. doi request reprint Semen quality in patients with Chlamydia trachomatis genital infection treated concurrently with prulifloxacin and a phytotherapeutic agent
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Hospital, Largo Medaglie D Oro 9, Trento, Italy
    J Androl 33:615-23. 2012
    ..48). In this study treatment with FERTIMEV together with prulifloxacin improved semen parameters in patients with Ct genital infection and oligoasthenoteratozoospermia compared to treatment with prulifloxacin therapy alone...
  7. doi request reprint Epidemiological features and resistance pattern in uropathogens isolated from chronic bacterial prostatitis
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Hospital, Trento, 38123, Italy
    J Microbiol 49:448-54. 2011
    ..E. faecalis prevalence seemed to be raised in 2006-2008 periods. Moreover, a decreasing of activity of ciprofloxacin and a good activity profile of levofloxacin have been reported...
  8. ncbi request reprint Infected congenital urethral diverticulum manifested as a scrotal mass in an adult male: case report and review of the literature
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Urol Int 81:234-7. 2008
    ..We stress the importance of a surgical approach in evaluating scrotal mass if diagnostic imaging cannot confirm an exact diagnosis. A complete review of the literature was also carried out...
  9. ncbi request reprint Can early single dose instillation of epirubicin improve bacillus Calmette-Guerin efficacy in patients with nonmuscle invasive high risk bladder cancer? Results from a prospective, randomized, double-blind controlled study
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    J Urol 180:110-5. 2008
    ..We evaluated the impact of epirubicin perioperative instillation in improving subsequent bacillus Calmette-Guerin instillation efficacy in high risk patients with nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer...
  10. doi request reprint Genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection is related to poor sexual quality of life in young sexually active women
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Hospital, Trento, Italy
    J Sex Med 8:1131-7. 2011
    ..Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) genital infection has been related to several diseases in young sexually active women. It could be related to their sexual quality of life...
  11. ncbi request reprint Recurrent renal colic in young people: abdominal Munchausen syndrome--a diagnosis not to forget
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Italy
    Arch Ital Urol Androl 80:39-41. 2008
    ..In the present case report, we stress the fact that the MHS is an underestimated medical problem and the necessity to evaluate the possible role of psychiatric disorders in the absence of pathological findings...
  12. doi request reprint Serenoa repens associated with Urtica dioica (ProstaMEV) and curcumin and quercitin (FlogMEV) extracts are able to improve the efficacy of prulifloxacin in bacterial prostatitis patients: results from a prospective randomised study
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, via dell Antella 58, 50011 Florence, Italy
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 33:549-53. 2009
    ..001). The association of S. repens, U. dioica (ProstaMEV), quercitin and curcumin (FlogMEV) extracts is able to improve the clinical efficacy of prulifloxacin in patients affected by CBP...
  13. doi request reprint Human papillomavirus and non-muscle invasive urothelial bladder cancer: potential relationship from a pilot study
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Hospital, Largo Medaglie D Oro 9, Trento, Italy
    Oncol Rep 25:485-9. 2011
    ..13-0.90). In conclusion, this study highlights the correlation between urothelial bladder cancer and high-risk type HPV infection, suggesting the potential etiopathogenetic role of HR-HPV in urothelial bladder cancer development...
  14. doi request reprint Prognostic role of loss of heterozygosity on chromosome 18 in patients with low-risk nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer: results from a prospective study
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    J Surg Res 161:89-94. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic role of LOH on Chr 18q21-23 in patients affected by low-grade, nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC)...
  15. doi request reprint Clinical importance of lymph node density in predicting outcome of prostate cancer patients
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Maria Annunziata Hospital, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    J Surg Res 167:267-72. 2011
    ..To evaluate the prognostic role of lymph node density (LND) in patients affected by prostate cancer (PCa) and treated with radical prostatectomy (RP), pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND), and adjuvant hormonal blockade...
  16. ncbi request reprint 14-day prulifloxacin treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis in women with recurrent urinary tract infections: a prospective, open-label, pilot trial with 6-month follow-up
    T Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Italy
    J Chemother 21:535-41. 2009
    ..6%) patients who had positive vaginal swab sample at baseline. in conclusion, a 14-day administration of prulifloxacin 600 mg is a safe, well tolerated and effective treatment for the management of UTI in young women...
  17. doi request reprint Loss of heterozygosis on IFN-alpha locus is a prognostic indicator of bacillus Calmette-Guerin response for nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    J Urol 183:1738-43. 2010
    ..We evaluated the role of loss of heterozygosity on the interferon-alpha locus to predict the response to bacillus Calmette-Guerin therapy in patients with nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer...
  18. ncbi request reprint Prognostic role of the tumor-associated tissue inflammatory reaction in transitional bladder cell carcinoma
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Oncol Rep 16:329-34. 2006
    ..However, to better define its prognostic significance, the characterization of inflammatory cells in tumor-associated tissue reaction must be accomplished...
  19. ncbi request reprint E-cadherin mRNA expression analysis in evaluating the natural history of urothelial bladder cell carcinoma: results from a long-term follow-up study
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, I 50011 Bagno a Ripoli, Florence, Italy
    Oncol Rep 17:925-30. 2007
    ..We stress that a long follow-up period is needed to evaluate the role of molecular factors in predicting prognosis in patients affected by bladder UC...
  20. ncbi request reprint A rare case of lethal retroperitoneal abscess caused by Citrobacter koseri
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Urol Int 79:364-6. 2007
    ..The case is also notable because it confirms the recent bacterial resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics and to other antimicrobial agents, like chloramphenicol or cotrimoxazol...
  21. doi request reprint Clinical and microbiological efficacy of prulifloxacin for the treatment of chronic bacterial prostatitis due to Chlamydia trachomatis infection: results from a prospective, randomized and open-label study
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Preclinical and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol 32:39-45. 2010
    ..001) and IL-8 levels (P < 0.001). Prulifloxacin was also equivalent to standard therapy for clinical success, as demonstrated by a decrease in the number of patients affected by CP due to Ct infection...
  22. ncbi request reprint Interleukin-6/10 ratio as a prognostic marker of recurrence in patients with intermediate risk urothelial bladder carcinoma
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    J Urol 178:1906-11;discussion 1911-2. 2007
    ..We evaluated the role of the interleukin-6/10 ratio as a prognostic marker of recurrence in patients with intermediate risk superficial bladder carcinoma...
  23. ncbi request reprint Artificial intelligence for predicting recurrence-free probability of non-invasive high-grade urothelial bladder cell carcinoma
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, I 50011 Florence, Italy
    Oncol Rep 18:959-64. 2007
    ..The study identified a single subgroup of pTaG3 patients with multiple lesions, >or=2/year recurrence rate and without any response to previous Bacille Calmette-Guérin adjuvant therapy, that seem to be at high risk of recurrence...
  24. ncbi request reprint Penile metastasis from a T1b prostate carcinoma
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Italy
    Onkologie 30:249-52. 2007
    ..Penile metastasis from incidental prostate carcinoma has not been described to date...
  25. ncbi request reprint Impact of surgical treatment on nocturia in men with benign prostatic obstruction
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    BJU Int 98:799-805. 2006
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Effect of human papillomavirus and Chlamydia trachomatis co-infection on sperm quality in young heterosexual men with chronic prostatitis-related symptoms
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Regional Hospital, Trento, Italy
    BJU Int 113:281-7. 2014
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Intravesical gemcitabine in BCG-refractory T1G3 transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder: a pilot study
    Mauro Gacci
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Urol Int 76:106-11. 2006
    ..The aim of this pilot study is to analyze the safety and short-term efficacy of gemcitabine (GEM) as salvage intravesical therapy in a very selected population of bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG)-resistant T1G3 patients...
  28. ncbi request reprint Prevalence, incidence estimation, risk factors and characterization of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome in urological hospital outpatients in Italy: results of a multicenter case-control observational study
    Riccardo Bartoletti
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    J Urol 178:2411-5; discussion 2415. 2007
    ..We evaluated the prevalence and estimated the incidence and risk factors of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome in urological hospital outpatients in Italy...
  29. ncbi request reprint Regular moderate intake of red wine is linked to a better women's sexual health
    Nicola Mondaini
    Urology Unit, Santa Maria Annunziata Hospital, University of Florence, Via dell Antella, 50011 Antella, Florence, Italy
    J Sex Med 6:2772-7. 2009
    ..While some evidence does exist for a positive correlation between moderate wine intake and men's sexual health, there is no study addressing the potential correlation between red wine intake and women's sexual function...
  30. doi request reprint Prostate growth and prevalence of prostate diseases in early onset spinal cord injuries
    Riccardo Bartoletti
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Eur Urol 56:142-8. 2009
    ..Controversial data on modifications of prostate size, function and disease of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients has been previously reported...
  31. doi request reprint Chlamydia trachomatis infection is related to poor semen quality in young prostatitis patients
    Sandra Mazzoli
    Sexually Transmitted Disease Centre, Santa Maria Annunziata Hospital, Florence, Italy
    Eur Urol 57:708-14. 2010
    ..The impact of chronic prostatitis resulting from Chlamydia trachomatis infection on male fertility is controversial...
  32. ncbi request reprint Finasteride 5 mg and sexual side effects: how many of these are related to a nocebo phenomenon?
    Nicola Mondaini
    UO Urology, S Maria Annunziata Hospital, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    J Sex Med 4:1708-12. 2007
    ..Such data could be seen as far from reality, if compared to a higher percentage that may be found in any common clinical practice...
  33. ncbi request reprint Early diagnosis and monitoring of superficial transitional cell carcinoma by microsatellite analysis on urine sediment
    Riccardo Bartoletti
    Department of Critical Area, Urology Unit, University of Florence, viale G Pieraccini 18, I 50139 Florence, Italy
    Oncol Rep 13:531-7. 2005
    ..Other testing procedures failed to increase urinary cytological diagnostic significance...
  34. ncbi request reprint Alfuzosin (10 mg) does not affect blood pressure in young healthy men
    Nicola Mondaini
    Urology Division, S Maria Annunziata Hospital, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Eur Urol 50:1292-6; discussion 1297-8. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of 10mg alfuzosin on blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) in young healthy volunteers...
  35. ncbi request reprint Multiplex polymerase chain reaction for microsatellite analysis of urine sediment cells: a rapid and inexpensive method for diagnosing and monitoring superficial transitional bladder cell carcinoma
    Riccardo Bartoletti
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    J Urol 175:2032-7; discussion 2037. 2006
    ..We validated a more rapid and inexpensive method of determination using rapid DNA extraction and automatic multiplex polymerase chain reaction amplification...
  36. ncbi request reprint Loss of P16 expression and chromosome 9p21 LOH in predicting outcome of patients affected by superficial bladder cancer
    Riccardo Bartoletti
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Italy, Florence, Italy
    J Surg Res 143:422-7. 2007
    ..To evaluate the prognostic role of p16 expression and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 9p21 in patients affected by low-grade (G1-G2) urothelial bladder cancer...
  37. ncbi request reprint Human papillomavirus infection is not related with prostatitis-related symptoms: results from a case-control study
    Riccardo Bartoletti
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Int Braz J Urol 40:247-56. 2014
    ..To investigate the relationship between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and prostatitis-related symptoms...
  38. ncbi request reprint Interleukin 8 and anti-chlamydia trachomatis mucosal IgA as urogenital immunologic markers in patients with C. trachomatis prostatic infection
    Sandra Mazzoli
    STDs Centre, Santa Maria Annunziata Hospital, Florence, Italy
    Eur Urol 51:1385-93. 2007
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint In vivo microwave-induced porcine kidney thermoablation: results and perspectives from a pilot study of a new probe
    Riccardo Bartoletti
    Department of Medical and Surgical Critical Care, Urology Unit, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    BJU Int 106:1817-21. 2010
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint The AISPEP (Associazione Italiana Sindromi Pelvico Prostatiche) chronic prostatitis questionnaire (AISPEP-Q). focus on the disease: anamnestic data, life activities, symptoms, sexual habits, quality of life and knowledge about prostatitis from 93 question
    Sandra Mazzoli
    STDs Center, Santa Maria Annunziata Hospital, Florence, Italy
    Arch Ital Urol Androl 79:58-66. 2007
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Prognostic role of cell apoptotic rate in prostate cancer: outcome of a long-time follow-up study
    Giuseppe Dachille
    Department of Urology, Hospital of Monopoli, Bari, Italy
    Oncol Rep 19:541-5. 2008
    ..001). Our results highlight the utility of AI analysis in assessing the probability risk of clinical progression in PCa patients who are treated with RRP...
  42. doi request reprint Operative safety and oncologic outcome of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma >7 cm: a multicenter study of 222 patients
    Lorenzo G Luciani
    Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Hospital, Trento, Italy
    Urology 81:1239-44. 2013
    ..To evaluate the safety of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) >7 cm, addressing the issue of modality and risk factors for complications and open conversion, and to assess the oncologic outcome...
  43. ncbi request reprint Prognostic value of static cytometry in transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder: recurrence rate and survival in a group of patients at 10 years follow-up
    Tommaso Cai
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Italy
    Oncol Rep 15:213-9. 2006
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint Qualitative and quantitative analysis of angiogenetic factors in transitional cell bladder carcinoma: relationship with clinical course at 10 years follow-up
    Riccardo Bartoletti
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 18, 50139 Florence, Italy
    Oncol Rep 14:251-5. 2005
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Intravesical gemcitabine therapy for superficial transitional cell carcinoma: results of a Phase II prospective multicenter study
    Riccardo Bartoletti
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Urology 66:726-31. 2005
    ..To determine the tolerability and efficacy after 1 year of weekly intravesical gemcitabine therapy in patients with intermediate-risk and high-risk superficial transitional cell carcinoma...
  46. ncbi request reprint Dapoxetine treatment in patients with lifelong premature ejaculation: the reasons of a "Waterloo"
    Nicola Mondaini
    S Maria Annunziata Hospital, University of Florence, Italy
    Urology 82:620-4. 2013
    ..To assess both the acceptance and the discontinuation rates from dapoxetine, the first oral pharmacological agent indicated for the treatment of premature ejaculation (PE)...
  47. ncbi request reprint Transperineal microwave thermoablation in patients with obstructive benign prostatic hyperplasia: a phase I clinical study with a new mini-choked microwave applicator
    Riccardo Bartoletti
    Department of Urology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    J Endourol 22:1509-17. 2008
    ..To evaluate the tolerability and safety of a newly designed probe for trans-perineal microwave thermoablation (TPMT) of the prostate in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and the in vivo microwave effects on prostatic tissue...
  48. ncbi request reprint The impact of biofilm-producing bacteria on chronic bacterial prostatitis treatment: results from a longitudinal cohort study
    Riccardo Bartoletti
    Department of Clinical Care Medicine and Surgery, Urology Unit Santa Maria Annunziata Hospital, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    World J Urol 32:737-42. 2014
    ..We aim to evaluate the role of biofilm-producing bacteria in the clinical response to antibiotic therapy among patients affected by chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP)...
  49. doi request reprint Microwave-induced thermoablation with Amica-probe is a safe and reproducible method to treat solid renal masses: results from a phase I study
    Riccardo Bartoletti
    Department of Urology, Santa Maria Annunziata Hospital, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Oncol Rep 28:1243-8. 2012
    ..2) months mean follow-up did not find any long-term adverse events due to previous MWTA treatment. Amica-Probe applicator-induced MWTA is a safe and reproducible method to treat solid renal masses...
  50. ncbi request reprint Management of Stage II testicular seminoma over a period of 40 years
    Beatrice Detti
    Department of Clinical Pathophysiology, Radiotherapy Unit, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Urol Oncol 27:534-8. 2009
    ..To review the treatment, toxicity, and outcomes in patients with Stage II seminoma after orchidectomy...
  51. pmc Quality of life in women undergoing urinary diversion for bladder cancer: results of a multicenter study among long-term disease-free survivors
    Mauro Gacci
    Urologic Clinic I, University of Florence, AOU Careggi, Florence, Italy
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 11:43. 2013
    ..1 months; range 36-122 months)...
  52. doi request reprint Genital diseases awareness in young male students: Is information necessary to protect them?
    Nicola Mondaini
    U O Urology, S Maria Annunziata Hospital, University of Florence, Italy
    Arch Ital Urol Androl 85:14-9. 2013
    ..The aim of the present observational study was to check the prevalence of genital/sexual diseases among young male high-school students and promote an alternative campaign of information among young students...
  53. pmc Surgical approach to urolithiasis: the state of art
    Riccardo Bartoletti
    Department of Urology, Santa Maria Annunziata Hospital
    Clin Cases Miner Bone Metab 5:142-4. 2008
    ..We aimed to describe the principal surgical techniques...