- On-site treatment of avalanche victims ICAR-MEDCOM-recommendationHermann Brugger
Mountain Rescue Service
High Alt Med Biol 3:421-5. 2002
- Field management of avalanche victimsH Brugger
Alpine Rescue Service provided by the South Tyrolean Alpine Association, International Commission for Alpine Emergency Medicine, Europastrasse 17, I 39031, Bruneck, Italy
Resuscitation 51:7-15. 2001..6 degrees F) (prerequisites being an air pocket and free airways) transported with continuous cardiopulmonary resuscitation to a specialist hospital for extracorporeal re-warming...
- Hypoxia and hypercapnia during respiration into an artificial air pocket in snow: implications for avalanche survivalHermann Brugger
Mountain Rescue Service provided by the South Tyrolean Alpine Association, International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine, Europastrasse 17, I 39031 Bruneck, Italy
Resuscitation 58:81-8. 2003....
- The impact of avalanche rescue devices on survivalHermann Brugger
International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, Europastrasse 17, I 39031 Bruneck, Italy
Resuscitation 75:476-83. 2007..There are two commonly used rescue devices: the avalanche transceiver, which is intended to speed up locating a completely buried person, and the avalanche airbag, which aims to prevent the person from being completely buried...
- On-site triage of avalanche victims with asystole by the emergency doctorH Brugger
Mountain Rescue Service, South Tyrolean Alpine Association, Bruneck, Italy
Resuscitation 31:11-6. 1996....
- Full recovery of an avalanche victim with profound hypothermia and prolonged cardiac arrest treated by extracorporeal re-warmingRosmarie Oberhammer
Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, General Hospital Innichen, Freisingstrasse 2, I 39038 Innichen, Italy
Resuscitation 76:474-80. 2008..This remarkable case documents the fastest drop in core temperature ever recorded during snow burial, namely 9.0 degrees C (16.2 degrees F)/h, and the second-lowest reversible core temperature in avalanche literature...
- Pattern and severity of injury in avalanche victimsMatthias Hohlrieder
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
High Alt Med Biol 8:56-61. 2007..Asphyxia is by far the most important reason for death. Deaths from trauma were solely due to isolated cervical injuries, demonstrating that the cervical spine may be a region at particular risk in avalanche victims...
- Correlation between avalanche emergencies and avalanche danger forecast in the alpine region of TyrolBernhard Rainer
Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Division of Psychosocial Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
Eur J Emerg Med 15:43-7. 2008..We investigated whether frequency of avalanche accidents corresponds with the danger assessment given in avalanche hazard tables and with topographic factors of the avalanche origin...
- The impact of avalanche transceivers on mortality from avalanche accidentsMatthias Hohlrieder
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, University Hospital Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
High Alt Med Biol 6:72-7. 2005..In remote areas the reduction in mortality will probably be far more pronounced...
- Basic life support ventilation in mountain rescue. Official recommendations of the International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine (ICAR MEDCOM)Peter Paal
Department of Anesthesiology and Division of General and Surgical Critical Care Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
High Alt Med Biol 8:147-54. 2007..It should be emphasized that regular training every 6 to 12 months is necessary to perform proper ventilation...
- The medical on-site treatment of hypothermia: ICAR-MEDCOM recommendationBruno Durrer
High Alt Med Biol 4:99-103. 2003
- A survey of emergency medical services in mountain areas of Europe and North America: official recommendations of the International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine (ICAR Medcom)Hermann Brugger
Mountain Rescue Service provided by the South Tyrolean Alpine Association, International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine, Bruneck, Italy
High Alt Med Biol 6:226-37. 2005..However, no conclusions can be drawn from the data as to the efficiency of treatment. The data show a lack of medical education in specific, mountain rescue-related problems. Physicians involved should undergo suitable training...