C Agostoni

Summary

Country: Italy

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Anthropometric indicators of human immunodeficiency virus infection in infants with early and late symptoms in the first months of life
    C Agostoni
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milano, Italy
    Eur J Pediatr 157:811-3. 1998
  2. ncbi request reprint Plasma long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and neurodevelopment through the first 12 months of life in phenylketonuria
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Dev Med Child Neurol 45:257-61. 2003
  3. doi request reprint Growth outcome: nutritionist perspective
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Maternal and Pediatric Sciences, University of Milan, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy
    World Rev Nutr Diet 106:12-8. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Early nutrition patterns and diseases of adulthood: a plausible link?
    Carlo Agostoni
    Pediatric Clinic 2, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, Italy
    Eur J Intern Med 24:5-10. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Role of fats in the first two years of life as related to later development of NCDs
    C Agostoni
    Institute of Pediatrics, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, Via della Commenda, 9, I 20122 Milan, Italy
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 22:775-80. 2012
  6. doi request reprint Is cow's milk harmful to a child's health?
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Milan, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 53:594-600. 2011
  7. ncbi request reprint Breastfeeding duration, milk fat composition and developmental indices at 1 year of life among breastfed infants
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, 20142, Italy
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 64:105-9. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint Biochemical effects of supplemented long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in hyperphenylalaninemia
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, 20142, Italy
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 64:111-5. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint Compliance of present recommendations of fatty acids in formulas for term infants with the actual human milk fatty acid composition in different populations
    C Agostoni
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Milan, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 92:785-7. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Double-blind, placebo-controlled trial comparing effects of supplementation of two micronutrient sprinkles on fatty acid status in Cambodian infants
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 44:136-42. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications92

  1. ncbi request reprint Anthropometric indicators of human immunodeficiency virus infection in infants with early and late symptoms in the first months of life
    C Agostoni
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milano, Italy
    Eur J Pediatr 157:811-3. 1998
    ..A < -0.40 LA Z-score at birth gave a 5.9 relative risk (RR) to be an infant with early symptoms (95% CI = 1.2-27.4) while a negative WL Z-score at 2 months of age gave a 4.2 RR for the HIV seropositivity (95% CI = 2.1-8.3)...
  2. ncbi request reprint Plasma long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and neurodevelopment through the first 12 months of life in phenylketonuria
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Dev Med Child Neurol 45:257-61. 2003
    ..Within the population of this study, a weak positive association has been found between plasma LCPUFAs at diagnosis (higher in breastfed infants) and neurodevelopmental indices through the first year of life...
  3. doi request reprint Growth outcome: nutritionist perspective
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Maternal and Pediatric Sciences, University of Milan, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy
    World Rev Nutr Diet 106:12-8. 2013
    ....
  4. doi request reprint Early nutrition patterns and diseases of adulthood: a plausible link?
    Carlo Agostoni
    Pediatric Clinic 2, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, Italy
    Eur J Intern Med 24:5-10. 2013
    ..Epidemiologic data show that episodes of rapid growth (growth acceleration hypothesis), whichever the dietary habits, are associated with later unfavorable health conditions and should be prevented...
  5. doi request reprint Role of fats in the first two years of life as related to later development of NCDs
    C Agostoni
    Institute of Pediatrics, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, Via della Commenda, 9, I 20122 Milan, Italy
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 22:775-80. 2012
    ..We explore the hypothesis that dietary fats consumed in the 6-24-month period might have later effects on non-communicable disorders and health...
  6. doi request reprint Is cow's milk harmful to a child's health?
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Milan, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 53:594-600. 2011
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Breastfeeding duration, milk fat composition and developmental indices at 1 year of life among breastfed infants
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, 20142, Italy
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 64:105-9. 2001
    ..59, P=0.001). Prolonging breastfeeding during the weaning process may result in a better developmental performance at 12 months, possibly due to the supply of fats affecting brain composition...
  8. ncbi request reprint Biochemical effects of supplemented long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in hyperphenylalaninemia
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, 20142, Italy
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 64:111-5. 2001
    ..No changes of AA levels were observed. Blood lipid levels did not significantly change. A balanced supplementation with LCPUFA in treated HPA children may improve the DHA status without adversely affecting the AA status...
  9. ncbi request reprint Compliance of present recommendations of fatty acids in formulas for term infants with the actual human milk fatty acid composition in different populations
    C Agostoni
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Milan, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 92:785-7. 2003
    ..Although the fat intake of breastfed infants is quantitatively and qualitatively unique, it is not known to what extent their varying requirements are met by the fat composition in the milk of their mothers...
  10. ncbi request reprint Double-blind, placebo-controlled trial comparing effects of supplementation of two micronutrient sprinkles on fatty acid status in Cambodian infants
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 44:136-42. 2007
    ..Infants in developing countries require early dietary interventions to prevent nutritional deficiencies, above all protein, energy, iron and zinc. To what extent these interventions may affect the fatty acid (FA) status is still unknown...
  11. doi request reprint Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA): from the maternal-foetal dyad to the complementary feeding period
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Maternal and Pediatric Sciences, Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, Via della Commenda 9, Milan, Italy
    Early Hum Dev 86:3-6. 2010
    ..Nevertheless, DHA supplementation during the complementary feeding period seems to be effective in improving neurofunctional and visual performance...
  12. pmc Long term effects of long chain polyunsaturated fats in hyperphenylalaninemic children
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Arch Dis Child 88:582-3. 2003
    ..Although in the LCPUFA group blood DHA levels and P100 wave latency improved at the end of supplementation, they had returned to baseline after three years...
  13. ncbi request reprint Earlier smoking habits are associated with higher serum lipids and lower milk fat and polyunsaturated fatty acid content in the first 6 months of lactation
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Eur J Clin Nutr 57:1466-72. 2003
    ..To investigate the relation between maternal smoking habits, plasma lipids and milk fatty acid (FA) content and composition...
  14. ncbi request reprint Free glutamine and glutamic acid increase in human milk through a three-month lactation period
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 31:508-12. 2000
    ..Previous short observational studies on the free amino acid (FAA) content of human milk have shown that glutamine and glutamic acid increase in the first 4 to 6 weeks of life...
  15. ncbi request reprint Dietary fats and cholesterol in italian infants and children
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:1384S-1391S. 2000
    ..It is not known whether this early modification can be maintained and whether it influences the later development of cardiovascular disorders...
  16. ncbi request reprint Growth pattern of breastfed and nonbreastfed infants with atopic dermatitis in the first year of life
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Pediatrics 106:E73. 2000
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the growth pattern of AD infants during the first 12 months of life in comparison to healthy infants, according to the early type of feeding (breastfed or nonbreastfed)...
  17. pmc Growth patterns of breast fed and formula fed infants in the first 12 months of life: an Italian study
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, 8 Via A di Rudini, 20142 Milan, Italy
    Arch Dis Child 81:395-9. 1999
    ..To compare the growth patterns of breast fed and formula fed Italian infants in the first 12 months of life using World Health Organisation (WHO) reference data...
  18. ncbi request reprint Fatty acid composition of plasma lipids in HIV-infected children. Comparison with seroreverters
    C Agostoni
    Pediatric Department V, University of Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 89:172-6. 2000
    ..Compared to age-matched seroreverter subjects, HIV-seropositive children show a lipid fatty acid status suggestive of relative LA deficiency and increased turnover of the PUFA series...
  19. ncbi request reprint Free amino acid content in standard infant formulas: comparison with human milk
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    J Am Coll Nutr 19:434-8. 2000
    ..To compare the concentration of non-protein nitrogen (NPN) and free amino acids (FAA) in powdered and liquid commercial formulas with that in human milk...
  20. ncbi request reprint Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid concentrations in human hindmilk are constant throughout twelve months of lactation
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Adv Exp Med Biol 501:157-61. 2001
    ..These data indicate that the secretion of arachidonic acid and docosahexaenoic acid during lactation remains constant, in spite of changes in total fat and in the linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid contents of milk...
  21. ncbi request reprint Prolonged breast-feeding (six months or more) and milk fat content at six months are associated with higher developmental scores at one year of age within a breast-fed population
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Adv Exp Med Biol 501:137-41. 2001
    ..55, P = 0.002). Thus, prolonged breast-feeding during the weaning process may result in a better developmental performance at 12 months, possibly due to the supply of fats contributing energy and/or affecting brain composition...
  22. pmc Growth in the first two years of uninfected children born to HIV-1 seropositive mothers
    C Agostoni
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    Arch Dis Child 79:175-8. 1998
    ..To assess the growth curves of uninfected infants born to type 1 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) seropositive mothers by means of standardised anthropometric indices...
  23. ncbi request reprint Early macronutrient intake and overweight at five years of age
    S Scaglioni
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:777-81. 2000
    ..To examine the influence of the macronutrient intake in early life on the development of overweight in children...
  24. ncbi request reprint Polyunsaturated fatty acid concentrations in human hindmilk are stable throughout 12-months of lactation and provide a sustained intake to the infant during exclusive breastfeeding: an Italian study
    F Marangoni
    Institute of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Milan, Italy
    Br J Nutr 84:103-9. 2000
    ..This information may be useful for the evaluation of infant intakes during extended lactation...
  25. ncbi request reprint Closer to the gold standard: an appraisal of formulae available in Italy for use in formula-fed infants
    E Riva
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    J Int Med Res 33:595-611. 2005
    ..Many short-term trials have been published but long-term follow-up data are needed in infants who have been fed the newer infant formulae, to fully understand the role of bioactive nutrients...
  26. ncbi request reprint Polychlorinated biphenyls in colostral milk and visual function at 12 months of life
    E Riva
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 93:1103-7. 2004
    ..In this study, we have investigated whether polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) impair early development of vision, and whether such impairment can be modulated by essential long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids...
  27. ncbi request reprint Polyunsaturated fatty acids in maternal plasma and in breast milk
    F Marangoni
    Department of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 66:535-40. 2002
    ....
  28. doi request reprint Maternal smoking habits are associated with differences in infants' long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in whole blood: a case-control study
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, 8 Via A di Rudini, I 20142 Milan, Italy
    Arch Dis Child 93:414-8. 2008
    ..To study the effects of maternal smoking on the status of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) in infants' whole-blood lipids...
  29. ncbi request reprint How much protein is safe?
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Int J Obes (Lond) 29:S8-13. 2005
    ..How much protein (as a percentage of total calorie intake) is safe?..
  30. ncbi request reprint Treating phenylketonuria: a single centre experience
    M Giovannini
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    J Int Med Res 35:742-52. 2007
    ..New strategies, such as tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) supplementation, need to be evaluated with regard to safety, efficacy and expected outcomes in specific types of HPA...
  31. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal long-term follow-up study of children with vertically acquired hepatitis C virus infection
    G V Zuccotti
    Department of Paediatrics, L Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    J Int Med Res 34:215-22. 2006
    ..The results of this study suggest that vertically acquired HCV infection has a benign course in children, despite the presence of viraemia and persistent alterations in ALT levels...
  32. ncbi request reprint Dietary glycemic load and macronutrient intake in healthy Italian children
    S Scaglioni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Asia Pac J Public Health 17:88-92. 2005
    ..35), and consumption of fibres, proteins, fruit, legumes and carrots. No significant association was found of GL or OGI with BMI or insulin sensitivity. In healthy children, GL and OGI may represent a useful indicator of quality of diet...
  33. ncbi request reprint Breakfast: a good habit, not a repetitive custom
    M Giovannini
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    J Int Med Res 36:613-24. 2008
    ..We also propose a new breakfast type for children and adolescents that is based on chocolate hazelnut spread within a mixed breakfast type in order to reinforce positive experiences...
  34. ncbi request reprint Phenylalanine hydroxylase mutations and phenylalanine-tyrosine metabolism in heterozygotes for phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency
    E Verduci
    Department of Pediatrics and Department of Clinical Chemistry and Microbiology, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 91:805-10. 2002
    ..089). In six carriers of A403V mutation, parents of mild hyperphenylalaninaemics on an unrestricted diet, significant differences in variations from fasting to semifasting conditions were found compared with parents of patients on a diet...
  35. ncbi request reprint Feeding practices of infants through the first year of life in Italy
    M Giovannini
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 93:492-7. 2004
    ..To investigate infant feeding practices through the first year of life in Italy, and to identify factors associated with the duration of breastfeeding and early introduction of solid foods...
  36. ncbi request reprint Probiotics in clinical practice: an overview
    G V Zuccotti
    Department of Paediatrics, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    J Int Med Res 36:1A-53A. 2008
    ..The purpose of this clinical report is to review current evidence on the use of probiotics in a variety of gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal conditions...
  37. ncbi request reprint Comparison of the nutritional values of follow-on formulae available in Italy
    E Riva
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    J Int Med Res 35:20-37. 2007
    ..More than 30 varieties of follow-on formula milk are currently available in Italy alone. This review outlines the nutritional differences between breast, formula and cows' milks, and compares different brands of formula milk...
  38. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of breast-feeding in Italy
    M Giovannini
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Adv Exp Med Biol 501:529-33. 2001
    ..Our results show that in Italy a fairly high percentage of mothers start breast-feeding and that both maternal factors (history and habits) and good information may support its duration...
  39. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of the new milks for infants: fatty acids, nucleotides, selenium
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    Acta Biomed Ateneo Parmense 68:29-34. 1997
    ..The potential generation of hydroxy radicals from the new molecules added to formulas point out also the protective role of antioxidant molecules such as selenium in infant nutrition...
  40. ncbi request reprint Monitoring breastfeeding rates in Italy
    G Banderali
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr Suppl 91:6-8. 2003
    ..to determine the rates of initiation and duration of breastfeeding in Italy in 1995 and 1999, and to examine the adherence to the ten steps to successful breastfeeding recommended by WHO...
  41. ncbi request reprint PKU-related dysgammaglobulinaemia: the effect of diet therapy on IgE and allergic sensitization
    E Riva
    Fifth Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Milan, Italy
    J Inherit Metab Dis 17:710-7. 1994
    ..Asthma was less frequent in the PKU group than in the control group (5/58 vs 14/58, z = 2.09, p < 0.05). Thus, diet appeared to prevent the development of immunoallergic signs and symptoms...
  42. ncbi request reprint Monitoring breastfeeding rates in Italy: national surveys 1995 and 1999
    M Giovannini
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 92:357-63. 2003
    ..To assess and compare the rates of initiation and duration of breastfeeding in Italy in 1995 and 1999, and to examine the adherence to the ten steps to successful breastfeeding recommended by WHO...
  43. ncbi request reprint Different patterns characterize Omega 6 and Omega 3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid levels in blood from Italian infants, children, adults and elderly
    P Rise
    DiSFeB, Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Milan, Via Balzaretti 9, Milan, Italy Electronic address
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 89:215-20. 2013
    ..In contrast, the lowest levels of Omega 3 PUFA, especially of DHA, are found in children, probably reflecting inadequate dietary intakes, with possible consequences on the health status at subsequent ages. ..
  44. ncbi request reprint Dietary fatty acids and cholesterol in the first 2 years of life
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 58:33-7. 1998
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Early protein intakes and adiposity: reloaded or downloaded?
    E Riva
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 93:725-6. 2004
    ..Conclusion: In our opinion, it seems that the protective effect of human milk, if any, on adiposity development is far more complex, and tightly bound to the peculiarity of human milk composition and breastfeeding practice...
  46. ncbi request reprint Infant formulas. Recent developments and new issues
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Minerva Pediatr 55:181-94. 2003
    ..However, we need more data on the long-term follow-up of infants who were fed the new formulas. Such data will allow to look at neural performance, prevention of overweight and obesity, and effects on the immune-allergic pattern...
  47. ncbi request reprint Oral lactoferrin in HIV-1 vertically infected children: an observational follow-up of plasma viral load and immune parameters
    G V Zuccotti
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Milan, L Sacco Hospital, Milan, Italy
    J Int Med Res 34:88-94. 2006
    ..None of the patients showed any new HIV-1-related symptoms at follow-up. LF might be a useful addition to ARV therapy, but further large-scale studies are required...
  48. ncbi request reprint [Prevention of obesity in childhood]
    S Scaglioni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Minerva Pediatr 59:564-5. 2007
  49. ncbi request reprint Enterobacter sakazakii: an emerging problem in paediatric nutrition
    M Giovannini
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Via A Di Rudini 8, Milan, Italy
    J Int Med Res 36:394-9. 2008
    ..The ingestion of raised numbers of E. sakazakii resulting from storage at room temperature after reconstitution is highlighted as well as the uncertain routes of E. sakazakii product contamination...
  50. ncbi request reprint Cognitive and visual development: influence of differences in breast and formula fed infants
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    Nutr Health 15:183-8. 2001
    ..These complementary aspects are challenges for the paediatric nutrition researcher today...
  51. ncbi request reprint The difficult balance between dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids
    C Agostoni
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 92:1371-3. 2003
    ..Conclusion: When referring to optimal "standard" dietary intakes for infants, the complex interactions between genetics and environment should be considered in interpreting observations from different settings...
  52. doi request reprint Enteral nutrient supply for preterm infants: commentary from the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Committee on Nutrition
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 50:85-91. 2010
    ..These recommendations are based on a considered review of available scientific reports on the subject, and on expert consensus for which the available scientific data are considered inadequate...
  53. doi request reprint A randomized placebo-controlled study on high-dose oral algal docosahexaenoic acid supplementation in children with cystic fibrosis
    G Alicandro
    Centro Fibrosi Cistica, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Italy
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 88:163-9. 2013
    ..001). No differences were detected between groups for secondary outcomes. Despite a decrease of the AA/DHA ratio, DHA supplementation for one year did not induce any significant biochemical and clinical improvement in CF patients...
  54. doi request reprint Combined hyperlipidaemia as a presenting sign of cholesteryl ester storage disease
    S Decarlis
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan Via Antonio di Rudinì, Milan, Italy
    J Inherit Metab Dis 32:S11-3. 2009
    ..The diagnosis may be considered in all subjects with atypical combined hyperlipidaemia (usually dominant in transmission or related to metabolic syndrome) and atypical 'fatty liver disease', in the absence of overweight...
  55. ncbi request reprint Antireflux or antiregurgitation milk products for infants and young children: a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition
    C Agostoni
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 93:456. 2004
  56. ncbi request reprint Comparison of miocamycin versus amoxycillin in lower respiratory tract infections in children. Clinical response and effect on natural killer activity
    C Agostoni
    Paediatric Clinic V, S Paulo Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    J Int Med Res 16:305-11. 1988
    ..The natural killer cell activity of patients treated with miocamycin was increased on days 7 and 10 of therapy compared with baseline. This finding did not occur in patients treated with amoxycillin...
  57. ncbi request reprint A randomized trial of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in infants with phenylketonuria
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Milan Medical School, Milan, Italy
    Dev Med Child Neurol 48:207-12. 2006
    ..DHA status in turn, independent of diet, may influence the maturation of the visual system in infants with PKU...
  58. doi request reprint The roles of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in pregnancy, lactation and infancy: review of current knowledge and consensus recommendations
    Berthold Koletzko
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Munich, Munchen, Germany
    J Perinat Med 36:5-14. 2008
    ..Dietary LC-PUFA supply should continue after the first six months of life, but currently there is not sufficient information for quantitative recommendations...
  59. ncbi request reprint Exclusive versus predominant breastfeeding in Italian maternity wards and feeding practices through the first year of life
    Marcello Giovannini
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    J Hum Lact 21:259-65. 2005
    ..8 vs 3.3 months), and lower rate of introduction of formula within 1 month (23% vs 30%). Hospitals need to be compliant with the WHO's steps, and Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiatives should be promoted...
  60. ncbi request reprint Dietary habits and plasma fatty acids levels in a population of Italian children: is there any relationship?
    Silvia Scaglioni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, 8 Via A di Rudini, Milan I 20142, Italy
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 71:91-5. 2004
    ..04) in blood. A high consumption of pasta coupled with a low intake of red meat may be marker of a food behaviour and/or lifestyle associated with a more favourable pattern of circulating FA and hematochemical metabolic markers...
  61. ncbi request reprint Plasma long-chain fatty acids and the degree of obesity in Italian children
    Silvia Scaglioni
    Department of Paediatrics, Unit of Medical Statistics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 95:964-9. 2006
    ..To examine whether the plasma levels of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) are associated with the degree of obesity in children...
  62. ncbi request reprint Functional ingredients in the complementary feeding period and long-term effects
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Pediatr Program 60:123-35; discussion 135-8. 2007
    ..The medium- and long-term effects need to be extensively explored, and any type of association recorded to check the safety of dietary supplements, considering their overconsumption, starting at early ages, in western countries...
  63. ncbi request reprint Intrauterine growth restriction is associated with changes in polyunsaturated fatty acid fetal-maternal relationships
    Irene Cetin
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, DMCO Ospedale San Paolo, University of Milano, 20142 Milano, Italy
    Pediatr Res 52:750-5. 2002
    ..These differences might have a role in determining the biochemical environment leading to the neural and vascular complications associated with IUGR...
  64. ncbi request reprint LC-PUFA content in human milk: is it always optimal?
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Milan, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 94:1532-4. 2005
    ....
  65. ncbi request reprint Growth of infants with IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy fed different formulas in the complementary feeding period
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 18:599-606. 2007
    ..The use of casein- and rice-based hydrolyzed formulas resulted in higher changes in WA compared with soy formula. Further research should be aimed at optimizing the dietary needs and feeding regimens for infants with CMA...
  66. ncbi request reprint Complementary feeding: a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milano, Milano, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 46:99-110. 2008
    ..Infants and young children receiving a vegetarian diet should receive a sufficient amount ( approximately 500 mL) of breast milk or formula and dairy products. Infants and young children should not be fed a vegan diet...
  67. ncbi request reprint Iron metabolism and requirements in early childhood: do we know enough?: a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition
    Peter J Aggett
    University of Lancashire, Lancashire, United Kingdom
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 34:337-45. 2002
  68. ncbi request reprint Antireflux or antiregurgitation milk products for infants and young children: a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition
    Peter J Aggett
    University of Lancashire, Lancashire, United Kingdom
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 34:496-8. 2002
  69. ncbi request reprint DHA in pregnancy benefits child development
    Carlo Agostoni
    Pediatr Res 54:292-3. 2003
  70. ncbi request reprint Core data for nutrition trials in infants: a discussion document--a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition
    Peter Aggett
    University of Central Lancashire, United Kingdom
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 36:338-42. 2003
  71. ncbi request reprint Whole blood fatty acid composition differs in term versus mildly preterm infants: small versus matched appropriate for gestational age
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Pediatr Res 64:298-302. 2008
    ..001). Term SGA had significantly lower levels of total monounsaturated FA and higher levels of eicosapentaenoic acid. Therefore, the 4-d whole blood FA pattern is associated with both GA and birth weight...
  72. ncbi request reprint Nondigestible carbohydrates in the diets of infants and young children: a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition
    Peter J Aggett
    Univeristy of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 36:329-37. 2003
    ....
  73. ncbi request reprint Can a change in policy of complementary infant feeding reduce the risk for type 1 diabetes and celiac disease?
    Carlo Agostoni
    San Paolo Hospital, University of Milano, Milano, Italy
    Pediatr Endocrinol Rev 6:2-4. 2008
    ....
  74. ncbi request reprint Probiotic bacteria in dietetic products for infants: a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition
    Carlo Agostoni
    University of Milano, Milan, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 38:365-74. 2004
  75. ncbi request reprint A randomized prospective double blind controlled trial on effects of long-term consumption of fermented milk containing Lactobacillus casei in pre-school children with allergic asthma and/or rhinitis
    Marcello Giovannini
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Via A Di Rudini 8, I 20142 Milan, Italy
    Pediatr Res 62:215-20. 2007
    ..81 (-1.52 to -0.10) days. While long-term consumption of fermented milk containing Lactobacillus casei may improve the health status of children with allergic rhinitis no effect was found in asthmatic children...
  76. ncbi request reprint Infant formulae: from ESPGAN recommendations towards ESPGHAN-coordinated global standards
    Carlo Agostoni
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 41:580-3. 2005
  77. ncbi request reprint Reduced docosahexaenoic acid synthesis may contribute to growth restriction in infants born to mothers who smoke
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    J Pediatr 147:854-6. 2005
    ..Maternal smoking may impair DHA synthesis which may contribute to reduced fetal growth...
  78. ncbi request reprint Ghrelin, leptin and the neurometabolic axis of breastfed and formula-fed infants
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Milan, San Paolo Hospital, Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 94:523-5. 2005
    ....
  79. ncbi request reprint Proteomic evaluation of milk from different mammalian species as a substitute for breast milk
    Enza D'Auria
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 94:1708-13. 2005
    ....
  80. ncbi request reprint Cigarette smoke negatively and dose-dependently affects the biosynthetic pathway of the n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid series in human mammary epithelial cells
    Franca Marangoni
    Department of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Milan, 20133 Milan, Italy
    Lipids 39:633-7. 2004
    ..The data indicate that exposure to cigarette smoke negatively affects the synthesis of n-3 LC-PUFA from the precursor in mammary gland cells...
  81. ncbi request reprint The need for nutrition support teams in pediatric units: a commentary by the ESPGHAN committee on nutrition
    Carlo Agostoni
    University of Milano, Milano, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 41:8-11. 2005
    ....
  82. ncbi request reprint Prebiotic oligosaccharides in dietetic products for infants: a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition
    Carlo Agostoni
    University of Milano, Milano, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 39:465-73. 2004
    ..At the present time, therefore, the Committee takes the view that no general recommendation on the use of oligosaccharide supplementation in infancy as a prophylactic or therapeutic measure can be made...
  83. ncbi request reprint Feeding preterm infants after hospital discharge: a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition
    Peter J Aggett
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 42:596-603. 2006
    ..Continued growth monitoring is required to adapt feeding choices to the needs of individual infants and to avoid underfeeding or overfeeding...
  84. ncbi request reprint Dietary intake and nutritional status of children and adolescents in Europe
    Janet Lambert
    Lambert Nutrition Consultancy Ltd, 5 Britwell Road, Watlington, OX49 5JS, UK
    Br J Nutr 92:S147-211. 2004
    ..There are insufficient data on status to be able to be able to draw any conclusions about the nutritional quality of the diets of European children and adolescents...
  85. ncbi request reprint Complementary food: international comparison on protein and energy requirement/intakes
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Pediatr Program 58:147-56; discussion 156-9. 2006
    ..In planning interventions, the coverage of infants' dietary needs through all the various world regions should be considered together with the opportunity not to exceed higher limits...
  86. ncbi request reprint [Infant "starting formulas" are not all equal: comparative analysis of nutritional characteristics]
    Enrica Riva
    Clinica Pediatrica, Ospedale San Paolo, Universita degli Studi di Milano
    Pediatr Med Chir 27:1-10. 2005
    ....
  87. ncbi request reprint PPAR-gamma2 Pro12Ala variant, insulin resistance and plasma long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in childhood obesity
    Silvia Scaglioni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, I 20142 Milan, Italy
    Pediatr Res 60:485-9. 2006
    ..005), 2.1 [0.9] versus 2.6 [0.9] % (p = 0.032) and 4.8 [1.2] versus 4.2 [0.7] (p = 0.017). Pro12Ala may be associated with higher insulin sensitivity and higher LCPUFAs, particularly n-3, levels in plasma phosholipids of obese children...
  88. ncbi request reprint Dietary and circulating polyunsaturated fatty acids in cystic fibrosis: are they related to clinical outcomes?
    Carla Colombo
    Department of Pediatrics, CF Center, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico, Mangiagalli, Regina Elena, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 43:660-5. 2006
    ..To assess the relationship between dietary intakes, plasma phospholipid (PL) fatty acid profile and clinical parameters in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) in comparison to healthy controls...
  89. ncbi request reprint Apolipoprotein B gene polymorphism and plasma lipid levels in phenylketonuric children
    Elvira Verduci
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, 8 Via A di Rudini, Milan I 20142 Italy
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 71:117-20. 2004
    ..This gene-related response to dietary habits might play a role also in non-PKU individuals fed low-fat, low-cholesterol diets...
  90. ncbi request reprint Fermented infant formulae without live bacteria
    Carlo Agostoni
    San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 44:392-7. 2007
    ..The available data do not allow general conclusions to be drawn on the use and effects of fermented formulae for infants...
  91. ncbi request reprint Benefits of breastfeeding in cystic fibrosis: a single-centre follow-up survey
    Carla Colombo
    Department of Pediatrics, CF Center, Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico IRCCS University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 96:1228-32. 2007
    ..To study the effect of breastfeeding (BF) on growth, lung function and number of infections during the first 3 years of life in children with cystic fibrosis (CF)...
  92. ncbi request reprint Small-for-gestational-age infants need dietary quality more than quantity for their development: the role of human milk
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Milan, San Paolo Hospital, 8 Via A di Rudini, 20142 Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 94:827-9. 2005
    ....