ARIEH SHALEV

Summary

Affiliation: The Hebrew University
Country: Israel

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Further lessons from 9/11: does stress equal trauma?
    Arieh Y Shalev
    St Vincent s Catholic Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, New York, NY 10011, USA
    Psychiatry 67:174-7. 2004
  2. pmc The MentDis_ICF65+ study protocol: prevalence, 1-year incidence and symptom severity of mental disorders in the elderly and their relationship to impairment, functioning (ICF) and service utilisation
    Sylke Andreas
    Department of Medical Psychology, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, University Medical Centre Hamburg Eppendorf, Martinistr, 52, Building W 26, Hamburg D 20246, Germany
    BMC Psychiatry 13:62. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Prevention of posttraumatic stress disorder by early treatment: results from the Jerusalem Trauma Outreach And Prevention study
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Kiriat Hadassah Ein Kerem, Jerusalem, Israel
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 69:166-76. 2012
  4. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression following trauma
    A Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Am J Psychiatry 155:630-7. 1998
  5. ncbi request reprint Teaching psychotherapy to psychiatric residents in Israel
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci 44:167-75; discussion 175-7. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Stress hormones and post-traumatic stress disorder in civilian trauma victims: a longitudinal study. Part I: HPA axis responses
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 11:365-72. 2008
  7. pmc Posttraumatic stress disorder and stress-related disorders
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Ein Kerem Campus, P O Box 12000, 91120 Jerusalem, Israel
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 32:687-704. 2009
  8. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder as a result of mass trauma
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Center for Traumatic Stress, Kiryat Hadassah, Israel
    J Clin Psychiatry 65:4-10. 2004
  9. doi request reprint Barriers to receiving early care for PTSD: results from the Jerusalem trauma outreach and prevention study
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Ein Kerem Campus, Box 12000, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    Psychiatr Serv 62:765-73. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint What is posttraumatic stress disorder?
    A Y Shalev
    Hebrew University of Jerusalem Medical School and Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Israel
    J Clin Psychiatry 62:4-10. 2001

Research Grants

  1. Prevention of PTSD by Early Treatment
    ARIEH SHALEV; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. Prospective MRI Study of Hippocampal Volume in PTSD-II
    ARIEH SHALEV; Fiscal Year: 2003
  3. PROSPECTIVE NEUROBIOLOGICAL STUDY OF PTSD
    ARIEH SHALEV; Fiscal Year: 2000

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications43

  1. ncbi request reprint Further lessons from 9/11: does stress equal trauma?
    Arieh Y Shalev
    St Vincent s Catholic Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, New York, NY 10011, USA
    Psychiatry 67:174-7. 2004
  2. pmc The MentDis_ICF65+ study protocol: prevalence, 1-year incidence and symptom severity of mental disorders in the elderly and their relationship to impairment, functioning (ICF) and service utilisation
    Sylke Andreas
    Department of Medical Psychology, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, University Medical Centre Hamburg Eppendorf, Martinistr, 52, Building W 26, Hamburg D 20246, Germany
    BMC Psychiatry 13:62. 2013
    ..Therefore, the aims of the MentDis_ICF65+ study are (1) to adapt existing assessment instruments, and (2) to collect data on the prevalence, the incidence, and the natural course and prognosis of mental disorders in the elderly...
  3. doi request reprint Prevention of posttraumatic stress disorder by early treatment: results from the Jerusalem Trauma Outreach And Prevention study
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Kiriat Hadassah Ein Kerem, Jerusalem, Israel
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 69:166-76. 2012
    ..Preventing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a pressing public health need...
  4. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression following trauma
    A Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Am J Psychiatry 155:630-7. 1998
    ..The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the onset, overlap, and course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression following traumatic events...
  5. ncbi request reprint Teaching psychotherapy to psychiatric residents in Israel
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci 44:167-75; discussion 175-7. 2007
    ..Not limited to residents, the debate about psychotherapy in psychiatry concerns the profession's core identity and its traditional person-centered nature...
  6. ncbi request reprint Stress hormones and post-traumatic stress disorder in civilian trauma victims: a longitudinal study. Part I: HPA axis responses
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 11:365-72. 2008
    ..Female subjects had lower ACTH levels than males. PTSD in females was associated with higher levels of ACTH. In unselected cohorts of trauma survivors, PTSD is not preceded by a detectable abnormality of peripheral HPA axis hormones...
  7. pmc Posttraumatic stress disorder and stress-related disorders
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Ein Kerem Campus, P O Box 12000, 91120 Jerusalem, Israel
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 32:687-704. 2009
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder as a result of mass trauma
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Center for Traumatic Stress, Kiryat Hadassah, Israel
    J Clin Psychiatry 65:4-10. 2004
    ..There is a great unmet need for treatment and intervention guidelines for victims of mass trauma, and well-designed studies are warranted...
  9. doi request reprint Barriers to receiving early care for PTSD: results from the Jerusalem trauma outreach and prevention study
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Ein Kerem Campus, Box 12000, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    Psychiatr Serv 62:765-73. 2011
    ..Studies have shown significant barriers to obtaining early care. This study prospectively evaluated the acceptance of early assessment and treatment, the accuracy of recommending care, and the consequences of declining it...
  10. ncbi request reprint What is posttraumatic stress disorder?
    A Y Shalev
    Hebrew University of Jerusalem Medical School and Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Israel
    J Clin Psychiatry 62:4-10. 2001
    ..Finally, a brief overview of the treatment of PTSD is given, including psychological and biological treatment options...
  11. ncbi request reprint Psychological responses to continuous terror: a study of two communities in Israel
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, P O Box 12000, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    Am J Psychiatry 163:667-73. 2006
    ..The authors evaluated psychological responses to continuous terror...
  12. ncbi request reprint Biological responses to disasters
    A Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Psychiatr Q 71:277-88. 2000
    ..Traumatic events are followed by a critical period of increased brain plasticity, during which irreversible neuronal changes may occur in those who develop traumatic stress disorders...
  13. ncbi request reprint PTSD following terrorist attacks: a prospective evaluation
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, P O Box 12000, Jerusalem, Israel
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1188-91. 2005
    ..It additionally assessed the effect of continuous terrorism on the course of early symptoms of PTSD...
  14. ncbi request reprint Auditory startle response in trauma survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective study
    A Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Am J Psychiatry 157:255-61. 2000
    ..The present study attempted to clarify this issue by prospectively evaluating responses to sudden, loud tones in individuals who arrived at a hospital emergency room after psychologically traumatic events...
  15. ncbi request reprint Commentary: biological findings in PTSD -- too much or too little?
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Prog Brain Res 167:187-99. 2008
    ..Studies of gene expression of PTSD exemplify one way of studying the context of putative biological signals. The role of biological alterations as templates for responding to psychosocial challenges is discussed...
  16. pmc Longitudinal MRI study of hippocampal volume in trauma survivors with PTSD
    O Bonne
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, P.O. Box 12000, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    Am J Psychiatry 158:1248-51. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Smaller hippocampal volume is not a necessary risk factor for developing PTSD and does not occur within 6 months of expressing the disorder. This brain abnormality might occur in individuals with chronic or complicated PTSD...
  17. ncbi request reprint Peripheral blood mononuclear cell gene expression profiles identify emergent post-traumatic stress disorder among trauma survivors
    R H Segman
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Mol Psychiatry 10:500-13, 425. 2005
    ..Replications in larger samples, as well as studies focusing on specific markers within the signatures discovered, are warranted to confirm and extend the diagnostic utility and pathogenetic implications of our results...
  18. ncbi request reprint Association between the dopamine transporter gene and posttraumatic stress disorder
    R H Segman
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Hadassah University Hospital, PO Box 12000, Ein Karem, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    Mol Psychiatry 7:903-7. 2002
    ..43% in PTSD vs 9.47% in TS controls; chi(2) = 6.11, df = 2, P < 0.047). These findings suggest that genetically determined changes in dopaminergic reactivity may contribute to the occurrence of PTSD among trauma survivors...
  19. ncbi request reprint Triiodothyronine augmentation of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in posttraumatic stress disorder
    O Agid
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Clin Psychiatry 62:169-73. 2001
    ..Addition of triiodothyronine (T3) to ongoing antidepressant treatment is considered an effective augmentation strategy in refractory depression. We report the effect of T3 augmentation of antidepressants in patients with PTSD...
  20. ncbi request reprint Vagal modulation of responses to mental challenge in posttraumatic stress disorder
    T Sahar
    The Center for Traumatic Stress, Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Biol Psychiatry 49:637-43. 2001
    ..Responses to challenge in PTSD may be mediated by nonvagal, possibly sympathetic mechanisms...
  21. ncbi request reprint Psychophysiologic assessment of aversive conditioning in posttraumatic stress disorder
    T Peri
    Center for Traumatic Stress, Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Biol Psychiatry 47:512-9. 2000
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate the acquisition, generalization, and extinction of conditioned physiologic responses to aversive stimuli in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  22. ncbi request reprint Stress hormones and post-traumatic stress disorder in civilian trauma victims: a longitudinal study. Part II: the adrenergic response
    Elizabeth J Videlock
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 11:373-80. 2008
    ..Peripheral levels of NE, shortly after traumatic events, are poor risk indicators of subsequent PTSD among civilian trauma victims. Simplified biological models may not properly capture the complex aetiology of PTSD...
  23. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder among hospital surgical physicians exposed to victims of terror: a prospective, controlled questionnaire survey
    Carolyn F Weiniger
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, the Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Clin Psychiatry 67:890-6. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether professional exposure to victims of terror caused PTSD in Israeli physicians from surgical disciplines...
  24. ncbi request reprint Narcissistic vulnerability and the development of PTSD: a prospective study
    Eytan Bachar
    Department of Psychiatry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Nerv Ment Dis 193:762-5. 2005
    ..6% and 85.1% and specificity of 40.4% and 38.6% at the 1-month and 4-month assessments, respectively. Narcissistic vulnerabilities contribute to the occurrence of PTSD...
  25. doi request reprint Differences in psychological effects in hospital doctors with and without post-traumatic stress disorder
    Sharon Einav
    Department of Anesthesia, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    Br J Psychiatry 193:165-6. 2008
    ..Hospital doctors who develop PTSD symptoms suffer greater burnout and manifest negative coping strategies but are reluctant to receive treatment...
  26. ncbi request reprint Prospective evaluation of plasma cortisol in recent trauma survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Omer Bonne
    The Center for Traumatic Stress, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Psychiatry Res 119:171-5. 2003
    ..Survivors with and without PTSD had similar mean levels of cortisol at both time points. Cortisol levels at 6 months negatively correlated with self-reported PTSD symptoms within PTSD subjects...
  27. ncbi request reprint A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of classical homeopathy in generalized anxiety disorder
    Omer Bonne
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Medical School and the Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Clin Psychiatry 64:282-7. 2003
    ..This study evaluates the effect of homeopathic treatment in generalized anxiety disorder, a prevalent mental disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of excessive apprehension and distress and by mental and bodily complaints...
  28. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in responses to traumatic events: a prospective study
    Sara A Freedman
    Center for Traumatic Stress, Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Trauma Stress 15:407-13. 2002
    ..These results suggest that gender differences in responses to traumatic events are not explained by exposure as such, but rather may result from gender-specific attributes of the event...
  29. ncbi request reprint Amnesia for traumatic events among recent survivors: a pilot study
    Yoram Yovell
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City, NY, USA
    CNS Spectr 8:676-80, 683-5. 2003
    ..Traumatic amnesia has been amply documented in the psychoanalytic literature but inconsistently in the research literature...
  30. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal studies of PTSD: overview of findings and methods
    Tamar Peleg
    Department of Psychiatry, Center for Traumatic Stress Studies, Hadassah University Hospital, Ein Kerem Campus, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    CNS Spectr 11:589-602. 2006
    ..More recent studies used advanced data analytic methods to explore the sequence of causation that leads to chronic PTSD. Advantages and limitations of longitudinal methods are discussed...
  31. ncbi request reprint Genetics of posttraumatic stress disorder
    Ronnen H Segman
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    CNS Spectr 8:693-8. 2003
    ..Identification of susceptibility genes will increase our understanding of traumatic stress disorders and help to elucidate their molecular basis. The current review provides an up-to-date outline of progress in the field of PTSD...
  32. ncbi request reprint PTSD symptoms and cognitive performance in recent trauma survivors
    Dalia Brandes
    Center for Traumatic Stress, Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, P O Box 12000, Jerusalem, Israel
    Psychiatry Res 110:231-8. 2002
    ..It disappeared, however, when the effect of depressive symptoms was controlled for. Lower IQ and impaired attention are associated with early PTSD and depressive symptoms. Poorer attention may have a role in shaping traumatic memories...
  33. ncbi request reprint Physiologic responses to sudden, loud tones in monozygotic twins discordant for combat exposure: association with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Scott P Orr
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:283-8. 2003
    ..Studying identical twins discordant for traumatic exposure offers an opportunity to resolve these competing origins...
  34. ncbi request reprint Contemporary longitudinal methods for the study of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder
    Lynda A King
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Boston, MA, USA
    CNS Spectr 8:686-92. 2003
    ..The methods offer promise for future study of the natural course of PTSD chronicity or recovery, risk and resilience factors that influence individual growth or decline, and critical timepoints for intervention...
  35. ncbi request reprint Acute stress reactions in adults
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, PO Box 12000, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    Biol Psychiatry 51:532-43. 2002
    ..It assumes two categories of responses: those that mediate survival and those related to learning and adaptation. The complementary roles of fear conditioning, processing novelty, and adjusting to change are discussed...
  36. ncbi request reprint Coping with trauma: narrative and cognitive perspectives
    Rivka Tuval-Mashiach
    Center for Traumatic Stress, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Psychiatry 67:280-93. 2004
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Resting regional cerebral perfusion in recent posttraumatic stress disorder
    Omer Bonne
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Biol Psychiatry 54:1077-86. 2003
    ..Additionally, virtually only activation brain imaging paradigms have been done in posttraumatic stress disorder, whereas in other mental disorders both resting and activation studies have been performed...
  38. ncbi request reprint Consensus statement update on posttraumatic stress disorder from the international consensus group on depression and anxiety
    James C Ballenger
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 65:55-62. 2004
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Functional connectivity of the prefrontal cortex and the amygdala in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Asaf Gilboa
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Biol Psychiatry 55:263-72. 2004
    ..e., extinction) over a hyperresponsive amygdala, based primarily on animal research of fear conditioning and the finding of cingulate hypoperfusion in PTSD...
  40. ncbi request reprint The interdisciplinary study of posttraumatic stress disorder
    Arieh Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    CNS Spectr 8:640. 2003
  41. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder: acquisition, recognition, course, and treatment
    Jonathan R T Davidson
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 16:135-47. 2004
    ..This paper looks at the course of PTSD, its disabling effect, its recognition and treatment, and considers possible new research directions...
  42. ncbi request reprint Assessment and treatment of adult acute responses to traumatic stress following mass traumatic events
    Patricia J Watson
    National Center for PTSD Executive Division, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    CNS Spectr 10:123-31. 2005
    ..This article concludes with brief guidelines for longer-term interventions and recommendations for future research...
  43. doi request reprint Five essential elements of immediate and mid-term mass trauma intervention: empirical evidence
    Stevan E Hobfoll
    Summa Kent State University, Center for the Treatment and Study of Traumatic Stress, Akron, OH 44310, USA
    Psychiatry 70:283-315; discussion 316-69. 2007
    ..These are promoting: 1) a sense of safety, 2) calming, 3) a sense of self- and community efficacy, 4) connectedness, and 5) hope...

Research Grants12

  1. Prevention of PTSD by Early Treatment
    ARIEH SHALEV; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Repeated telephone evaluations will assess treatment effectiveness. The study will generate vital knowledge about the feasibility and the effectiveness of secondary prevention of PTSD in large cohorts of survivors. ..
  2. Prospective MRI Study of Hippocampal Volume in PTSD-II
    ARIEH SHALEV; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. PROSPECTIVE NEUROBIOLOGICAL STUDY OF PTSD
    ARIEH SHALEV; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In this way, evaluation of HPA and SNS predictor effects and interactions will be adjusted for the effects of other relevant, antecedent variables, and for earlier HPA axis and SNS effects and interactions. ..