Gail Ironson

Summary

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Comparison of two treatments for traumatic stress: a community-based study of EMDR and prolonged exposure
    G Ironson
    Behavioral Medicine Program, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124 2070, USA
    J Clin Psychol 58:113-28. 2002
  2. doi request reprint Gender-specific effects of an augmented written emotional disclosure intervention on posttraumatic, depressive, and HIV-disease-related outcomes: a randomized, controlled trial
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, FL 33146, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 81:284-98. 2013
  3. pmc Plasma neuropeptide Y: a biomarker for symptom severity in chronic fatigue syndrome
    MARY A FLETCHER
    Department of Medicine, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1600 NW 10th Ave, Miami, FL USA
    Behav Brain Funct 6:76. 2010
  4. pmc Psychosocial factors predict CD4 and viral load change in men and women with human immunodeficiency virus in the era of highly active antiretroviral treatment
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology and Behavioral Medicine, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33124 2070, USA
    Psychosom Med 67:1013-21. 2005
  5. pmc An increase in religiousness/spirituality occurs after HIV diagnosis and predicts slower disease progression over 4 years in people with HIV
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:S62-8. 2006
  6. pmc Personality and HIV disease progression: role of NEO-PI-R openness, extraversion, and profiles of engagement
    Gail H Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, P O Box 248185, Coral Gables, FL 33124 2070, USA
    Psychosom Med 70:245-53. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint The impact of improved self-efficacy on HIV viral load and distress in culturally diverse women living with AIDS: the SMART/EST Women's Project
    G Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, PO Box 248185, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA
    AIDS Care 17:222-36. 2005
  8. pmc Do positive psychosocial factors predict disease progression in HIV-1? A review of the evidence
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, P O Box 248185, Coral Gables, FL 33124 2070, USA
    Psychosom Med 70:546-54. 2008
  9. pmc Perceived stress and norepinephrine predict the effectiveness of response to protease inhibitors in HIV
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124 2070, USA
    Int J Behav Med 15:221-6. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint The Ironson-woods Spirituality/Religiousness Index is associated with long survival, health behaviors, less distress, and low cortisol in people with HIV/AIDS
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124 2070, USA
    Ann Behav Med 24:34-48. 2002

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications48

  1. ncbi request reprint Comparison of two treatments for traumatic stress: a community-based study of EMDR and prolonged exposure
    G Ironson
    Behavioral Medicine Program, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124 2070, USA
    J Clin Psychol 58:113-28. 2002
    ..Postsession SUDS were significantly lower for EMDR than for PE. Suggestions for future research are discussed...
  2. doi request reprint Gender-specific effects of an augmented written emotional disclosure intervention on posttraumatic, depressive, and HIV-disease-related outcomes: a randomized, controlled trial
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, FL 33146, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 81:284-98. 2013
    ..The authors of this study examined the efficacy of a brief written trauma disclosure intervention on posttraumatic stress, depression, HIV-related physical symptoms, and biological markers of HIV disease progression...
  3. pmc Plasma neuropeptide Y: a biomarker for symptom severity in chronic fatigue syndrome
    MARY A FLETCHER
    Department of Medicine, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1600 NW 10th Ave, Miami, FL USA
    Behav Brain Funct 6:76. 2010
    ..Abnormalities in stress responses have been identified as potential triggers or mediators of CFS symptoms. This study focused on the stress mediator neuropeptide Y (NPY). We hypothesized that NPY would be a useful biomarker for CFS...
  4. pmc Psychosocial factors predict CD4 and viral load change in men and women with human immunodeficiency virus in the era of highly active antiretroviral treatment
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology and Behavioral Medicine, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33124 2070, USA
    Psychosom Med 67:1013-21. 2005
    ..This study sought to determine whether psychosocial variables would predict both CD4 and VL changes in a diverse sample assessed entirely during the era of HAART and accounting for adherence effects...
  5. pmc An increase in religiousness/spirituality occurs after HIV diagnosis and predicts slower disease progression over 4 years in people with HIV
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:S62-8. 2006
    ..However, confronting a major medical crisis may be a time when people turn to the sacred...
  6. pmc Personality and HIV disease progression: role of NEO-PI-R openness, extraversion, and profiles of engagement
    Gail H Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, P O Box 248185, Coral Gables, FL 33124 2070, USA
    Psychosom Med 70:245-53. 2008
    ..The examination of psychosocial predictors of disease progression in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has focused primarily on depression, coping, and stress, with little attention paid to stable individual differences...
  7. ncbi request reprint The impact of improved self-efficacy on HIV viral load and distress in culturally diverse women living with AIDS: the SMART/EST Women's Project
    G Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, PO Box 248185, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA
    AIDS Care 17:222-36. 2005
    ..Implications of the findings and suggestions for future research are discussed...
  8. pmc Do positive psychosocial factors predict disease progression in HIV-1? A review of the evidence
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, P O Box 248185, Coral Gables, FL 33124 2070, USA
    Psychosom Med 70:546-54. 2008
    ..In conclusion, investigating the importance and usefulness of positive psychosocial factors in predicting disease progression in HIV is in its beginning scientific stages and shows good initial evidence and future promise...
  9. pmc Perceived stress and norepinephrine predict the effectiveness of response to protease inhibitors in HIV
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124 2070, USA
    Int J Behav Med 15:221-6. 2008
    ..In vitro evidence has suggested that increasing levels of norepinephrine (NE) can accelerate HIV replication; however, the importance in a clinical setting has not been tested...
  10. ncbi request reprint The Ironson-woods Spirituality/Religiousness Index is associated with long survival, health behaviors, less distress, and low cortisol in people with HIV/AIDS
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124 2070, USA
    Ann Behav Med 24:34-48. 2002
    ..Further analyses were conducted, which identified urinary cortisol concentrations and altruistic behavior as mediators of the relation between SR and long survival...
  11. ncbi request reprint Spiritual transformation, psychological well-being, health, and survival in people with HIV
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33124, USA
    Int J Psychiatry Med 39:263-81. 2009
    ..Our study attempts to fill this gap...
  12. doi request reprint View of God as benevolent and forgiving or punishing and judgmental predicts HIV disease progression
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA
    J Behav Med 34:414-25. 2011
    ..Results remained significant even after adjusting for church attendance and psychosocial variables (health behaviors, mood, and coping). These results provide good initial evidence that spiritual beliefs may predict health outcomes...
  13. ncbi request reprint Reductions in depressed mood and denial coping during cognitive behavioral stress management with HIV-Positive gay men treated with HAART
    Adam W Carrico
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, USA
    Ann Behav Med 31:155-64. 2006
    ..Stress management interventions for HIV-positive persons have been designed to enhance coping skills and encourage health-promoting behaviors with the hope of decreasing distress and slowing disease progression...
  14. ncbi request reprint Conscientiousness predicts disease progression (CD4 number and viral load) in people living with HIV
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33124 2070, USA
    Health Psychol 26:473-80. 2007
    ..The study also examined whether Conscientiousness effects were mediated by adherence, perceived stress, depression, or coping measures...
  15. ncbi request reprint A path model of the effects of spirituality on depressive symptoms and 24-h urinary-free cortisol in HIV-positive persons
    Adam W Carrico
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA
    J Psychosom Res 61:51-8. 2006
    ..The present investigation examined the associations among spirituality, positive reappraisal coping, and benefit finding as they relate to depressive symptoms and 24-h urinary-free-cortisol output...
  16. ncbi request reprint Increases in a marker of immune system reconstitution are predated by decreases in 24-h urinary cortisol output and depressed mood during a 10-week stress management intervention in symptomatic HIV-infected men
    Michael H Antoni
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA
    J Psychosom Res 58:3-13. 2005
    ..Here, we tested whether reductions in urinary cortisol output and depressed mood during the 10-week CBSM intervention period mediated its effects on this immune system reconstitution marker at follow-up...
  17. ncbi request reprint Randomized clinical trial of cognitive behavioral stress management on human immunodeficiency virus viral load in gay men treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Michael H Antoni
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA
    Psychosom Med 68:143-51. 2006
    ..We tested whether a cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM) intervention in combination with antiretroviral medication adherence training (MAT) from a clinical pharmacist influences HIV viral load more than MAT alone...
  18. ncbi request reprint Natural killer cells and lymphocytes increase in women with breast cancer following massage therapy
    Maria Hernandez-Reif
    Touch Research Institutes, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA
    Int J Neurosci 115:495-510. 2005
    ..These findings highlight the benefit of these complementary therapies, most particularly massage therapy, for women with breast cancer...
  19. ncbi request reprint A stress and coping model of medication adherence and viral load in HIV-positive men and women on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)
    Kathryn E Weaver
    Department of Psychology and Behavioral Medicine Research Center, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33134, USA
    Health Psychol 24:385-92. 2005
    ..This model advances researchers' understanding of the contribution of psychosocial variables in predicting treatment adherence and disease progression in HIV-positive men and women...
  20. ncbi request reprint Life stress and cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions in women with human papillomavirus and human immunodeficiency virus
    Deidre Byrnes Pereira
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 32610 0165, USA
    Psychosom Med 65:427-34. 2003
    ....
  21. pmc Dispositional optimism and the mechanisms by which it predicts slower disease progression in HIV: proactive behavior, avoidant coping, and depression
    Gail Ironson
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124 2070
    Int J Behav Med 12:86-97. 2005
    ..Thus, optimists may reap health benefits partly through behavioral (proactive behavior), cognitive (avoidant coping), and affective (depression) pathways. Implications, limitations, and interpretations are discussed...
  22. pmc Written emotional disclosure and processing of trauma are associated with protected health status and immunity in people living with HIV/AIDS
    CONALL O'CLEIRIGH
    Department of Psychology, Psychiatry and Medicine, University of Miami, Florida, USA
    Br J Health Psychol 13:81-4. 2008
    ..The study also examined the mediational role of emotional/cognitive processing and natural killer (NK) cells...
  23. ncbi request reprint Social support, positive states of mind, and HIV treatment adherence in men and women living with HIV/AIDS
    Jeffrey S Gonzalez
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33134, USA
    Health Psychol 23:413-8. 2004
    ..PSOM partially mediated the relationship between social support and adherence. PSOM may be an important mechanism through which social support is related to better medication adherence in this population...
  24. ncbi request reprint Perceived stress mediates the effects of coping on the quality of life of HIV-positive women on highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Kathryn E Weaver
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33146, USA
    AIDS Behav 8:175-83. 2004
    ..These relationships were both mediated by perceived stress. Results suggest that utilization of certain coping strategies may lessen or heighten perceptions of life stressfulness, thereby influencing QoL in this understudied population...
  25. ncbi request reprint Everything changed: spiritual transformation in people with HIV
    Heidemarie Kremer
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33124, USA
    Int J Psychiatry Med 39:243-62. 2009
    ..This study examined types of ST, as well as its antecedents and consequences in people with HIV...
  26. doi request reprint Measuring the involvement of people with HIV in treatment decision making using the control preferences scale
    Heidemarie Kremer
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 3324 2070, USA
    Med Decis Making 28:899-908. 2008
    ..This study measures the involvement that HIV-positive people perceive in treatment decision making. A secondary objective is to assess the validity of the instrument used to examine decisional roles, the Control Preferences Scale (CPS)...
  27. pmc To take or not to take: decision-making about antiretroviral treatment in people living with HIV/AIDS
    Heidemarie Kremer
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 20:335-49. 2006
    ..HIV-positive individuals declining treatment place more weight on alternative medicine, avoiding adverse effects and perceiving a better quality of life through not taking ART...
  28. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial responses to treatment for breast cancer among lesbian and heterosexual women
    Patricia L Arena
    University of Miami, USA
    Women Health 44:81-102. 2006
    ..Better understanding of the similarities and differences between groups will help address the relevant clinical issues appropriately, in order to optimize psychosocial adjustment to breast cancer. ...
  29. ncbi request reprint Stress management and immune system reconstitution in symptomatic HIV-infected gay men over time: effects on transitional naive T cells (CD4(+)CD45RA(+)CD29(+))
    Michael H Antoni
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:143-5. 2002
    ..Changes in immunologic status were evaluated in 25 HIV-infected men randomly assigned to a 10-week stress management intervention or a wait-list control condition...
  30. pmc Does distress tolerance moderate the impact of major life events on psychosocial variables and behaviors important in the management of HIV?
    CONALL O'CLEIRIGH
    University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA
    Behav Ther 38:314-23. 2007
    ..Distress tolerance assessment may help to specify targets for cognitive-behavioral and stress management treatments for people living with HIV...
  31. ncbi request reprint Emotional expression and depth processing of trauma and their relation to long-term survival in patients with HIV/AIDS
    CONALL O'CLEIRIGH
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA
    J Psychosom Res 54:225-35. 2003
    ..A further purpose was to examine the immune, health behavior and psychosocial correlates of emotional disclosure and depth processing...
  32. ncbi request reprint "It's my body'': does patient involvement in decision making reduce decisional conflict?
    Heidemarie Kremer
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA
    Med Decis Making 27:522-32. 2007
    ..The congruence between desired and perceived decisional involvement was also related to decisional conflict...
  33. doi request reprint Longitudinal spiritual coping with trauma in people with HIV: implications for health care
    Heidemarie Kremer
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Miami, Florida
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 28:144-54. 2014
    ..Spirituality may be a beneficial component of coping with trauma, considering socio-cultural contexts...
  34. ncbi request reprint People living with HIV: sources of information on antiretroviral treatment and preferences for involvement in treatment decision-making
    Heidemarie Kremer
    University of Miami, Department of Psychology, 1204 Dickinson Dr, Suite 37D, Coral Gables, FL 3324 2070, USA
    Eur J Med Res 12:34-42. 2007
    ..This study reports on the sources of antiretroviral treatment information that are important to people living with HIV (PLWH) in treatment decision-making and their preferred role in treatment decision-making...
  35. pmc Spiritual and mind-body beliefs as barriers and motivators to HIV-treatment decision-making and medication adherence? A qualitative study
    Heidemarie Kremer
    University of Miami, Department of Psychology, Behavioral Medicine Research Program, 1204 Dickinson Drive, Suite 37E, Coral Gables, FL 3324 2070, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 23:127-34. 2009
    ..Spiritual/mind-body beliefs as barriers or motivators to taking or adhering to treatment are important, since they may affect survival and quality of life of HIV-positive people...
  36. ncbi request reprint Cognitive-behavioral interventions improve quality of life in women with AIDS
    Suzanne C Lechner
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, P O Box 248185, Coral Gables, FL 33124 2070, USA
    J Psychosom Res 54:253-61. 2003
    ..The goal of this study was to examine treatment effects on total QOL and 11 QOL domains from baseline to post-intervention follow-up...
  37. ncbi request reprint Sleep disturbance mediates the association between psychological distress and immune status among HIV-positive men and women on combination antiretroviral therapy
    Dean G Cruess
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3815 Walnut Street, Philadelphia 19104 6196, USA
    J Psychosom Res 54:185-9. 2003
    ..This study examined the relationship between psychological distress, subjective sleep disturbance and immune status among HIV-positive men and women...
  38. ncbi request reprint Stress as a predictor of symptomatic genital herpes virus recurrence in women with human immunodeficiency virus
    Deidre Byrnes Pereira
    University of Miami, Department of Psychology, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA
    J Psychosom Res 54:237-44. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether stress was associated with symptomatic genital herpes recurrences in women seropositive for HIV and HSV-2...
  39. ncbi request reprint Coping and psychological distress among symptomatic HIV+ men who have sex with men
    Frank J Penedo
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33134, USA
    Ann Behav Med 25:203-13. 2003
    ....
  40. doi request reprint Alexithymia is linked to neurocognitive, psychological, neuroendocrine, and immune dysfunction in persons living with HIV
    Roger C McIntosh
    Department of Health Psychology, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA Electronic address
    Brain Behav Immun 36:165-75. 2014
    ..Overall, the psychoneuroimmunological profile of alexithymia in HIV positive persons at mid-stage of infection suggests a greater vulnerability for disease progression. ..
  41. pmc The impact of cognitive behavioral group training on event-free survival in patients with myocardial infarction: the ENRICHD experience
    Patrice G Saab
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA
    J Psychosom Res 67:45-56. 2009
    ....
  42. pmc Enhancing the health of women living with HIV: the SMART/EST Women's Project
    Stephen M Weiss
    University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA
    Int J Womens Health 3:63-77. 2011
    ..A third study (SWP III) is currently underway to "translate" this evidence-based treatment program into Community Health Centers in Miami, New York City, and metropolitan New Jersey...
  43. pmc Stress and health: psychological, behavioral, and biological determinants
    Neil Schneiderman
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33124 0751, USA
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 1:607-28. 2005
    ..e., genetics, constitutional factors), psychosocial resources, and learned patterns of coping. Psychosocial interventions have proven useful for treating stress-related disorders and may influence the course of chronic diseases...
  44. doi request reprint Ethnicity Moderates the Relationship Between Perceived Stress and Benefit Finding in HIV+ Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM)
    Julia S Seay
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, 5665 Ponce de Leon Blvd, Miami, FL, 33146, USA
    Int J Behav Med 21:266-74. 2014
    ..Numerous studies conducted within the USA demonstrate higher levels of benefit finding in ethnic minority individuals compared to nonminority individuals living with chronic disease...
  45. ncbi request reprint Breast cancer patients have improved immune and neuroendocrine functions following massage therapy
    Maria Hernandez-Reif
    Touch Research Institutes, University of Miami School of Medicine, 1601 NW 12th Avenue, Room 7037, Miami, FL 33136, USA
    J Psychosom Res 57:45-52. 2004
    ....
  46. doi request reprint Health locus of control beliefs and healthy survival with AIDS
    Rachel Ruffin
    Department of Psychology and Behavioral Medicine, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124 2070, USA
    Int J Behav Med 19:512-7. 2012
    ..However, there is little information about its relationship to disease status, or about the Doctors subscale (DHLOC), in this population...
  47. ncbi request reprint An exploration of the health benefits of factors that help us to thrive
    Gail H Ironson
    Int J Behav Med 12:47-9. 2005
  48. pmc Decreased depression up to one year following CBSM+ intervention in depressed women with AIDS: the smart/EST women's project
    Arthur Laperriere
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Miami School of Medicine, Dominion Tower Suite 404 D 21, 1400N W 10th Ave, Miami, Florida 33136, USA
    J Health Psychol 10:223-31. 2005
    ..The CBSM+ Group intervention significantly decreased depression scores on the BDI for women following the intervention and maintained the decreased level at one-year follow-up...

Research Grants10

  1. Efficacy of an Emotional Disclosure Intervention in HIV
    Gail Ironson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Psychobiological Processes and Health in HIV/AIDS
    Gail Ironson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g. Category C symptoms) and mortality; and (b) relate important psychosocial variables (e.g. stress, depression coping, adherence, doctor-patient relationship) to biological processes and disease endpoints. ..