Lorenz von Seidlein

Summary

Affiliation: International Vaccine Institute

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) analysis of Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor isolates from Mozambique that harbour the classical CTX prophage
    Je Hee Lee
    International Vaccine Institute, San 4 8 Bongcheon 7 Dong, Kwanak gu, Seoul, 151 818, Republic of Korea
    J Med Microbiol 55:165-70. 2006
  2. pmc Vaccines for cholera control: does herd immunity play a role
    Lorenz von Seidlein
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 4:e331. 2007
  3. pmc Plasmodium falciparum gametocyte dynamics in areas of different malaria endemicity
    Kasia Stepniewska
    Mahidol Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, 420 6 Rajvithi Road, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    Malar J 7:249. 2008
  4. pmc Comparisons of predictors for typhoid and paratyphoid fever in Kolkata, India
    Dipika Sur
    1National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India
    BMC Public Health 7:289. 2007
  5. pmc The burden of diarrhoea, shigellosis, and cholera in North Jakarta, Indonesia: findings from 24 months surveillance
    Magdarina D Agtini
    National Institute of Health Research and Development, Jakarta Indonesia, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
    BMC Infect Dis 5:89. 2005
  6. doi request reprint Is HIV infection associated with an increased risk for cholera? Findings from a case-control study in Mozambique
    Lorenz von Seidlein
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    Trop Med Int Health 13:683-8. 2008
  7. pmc A multicentre study of Shigella diarrhoea in six Asian countries: disease burden, clinical manifestations, and microbiology
    Lorenz von Seidlein
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    PLoS Med 3:e353. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint The effect of mass administration of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine combined with artesunate on malaria incidence: a double-blind, community-randomized, placebo-controlled trial in The Gambia
    Lorenz von Seidlein
    Medical Research Council Laboratories, Fajara, The Gambia
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 97:217-25. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Mass administrations of antimalarial drugs
    Lorenz von Seidlein
    International Vaccine Institute, Kwanak, PO Box 14, Seoul 151 600, Korea
    Trends Parasitol 19:452-60. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for gametocyte carriage in Gambian children
    L Von Seidlein
    Medical Research Council Laboratories, Fajara, The Gambia
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 65:523-7. 2001

Detail Information

Publications79

  1. ncbi request reprint Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) analysis of Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor isolates from Mozambique that harbour the classical CTX prophage
    Je Hee Lee
    International Vaccine Institute, San 4 8 Bongcheon 7 Dong, Kwanak gu, Seoul, 151 818, Republic of Korea
    J Med Microbiol 55:165-70. 2006
    ..The possible origin of these isolates and the presence of the tandem repeat of the classical prophage in them implicate the presence of the classical CTX phage...
  2. pmc Vaccines for cholera control: does herd immunity play a role
    Lorenz von Seidlein
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 4:e331. 2007
  3. pmc Plasmodium falciparum gametocyte dynamics in areas of different malaria endemicity
    Kasia Stepniewska
    Mahidol Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, 420 6 Rajvithi Road, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    Malar J 7:249. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to identify and compare factors associated with Plasmodium falciparum gametocyte carriage in three regions of differing malaria endemicity...
  4. pmc Comparisons of predictors for typhoid and paratyphoid fever in Kolkata, India
    Dipika Sur
    1National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India
    BMC Public Health 7:289. 2007
    ..such as water improvement or vaccination campaigns are implemented for groups of individuals we were interested whether risk factors not only for the individual but for households, neighbourhoods and larger areas can be recognised?..
  5. pmc The burden of diarrhoea, shigellosis, and cholera in North Jakarta, Indonesia: findings from 24 months surveillance
    Magdarina D Agtini
    National Institute of Health Research and Development, Jakarta Indonesia, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
    BMC Infect Dis 5:89. 2005
    ....
  6. doi request reprint Is HIV infection associated with an increased risk for cholera? Findings from a case-control study in Mozambique
    Lorenz von Seidlein
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    Trop Med Int Health 13:683-8. 2008
    ..Our aim was to assess the potential association between both diseases...
  7. pmc A multicentre study of Shigella diarrhoea in six Asian countries: disease burden, clinical manifestations, and microbiology
    Lorenz von Seidlein
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    PLoS Med 3:e353. 2006
    ..We conducted a prospective, population-based study in six Asian countries to gain a better understanding of the current disease burden, clinical manifestations, and microbiology of shigellosis in Asia...
  8. ncbi request reprint The effect of mass administration of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine combined with artesunate on malaria incidence: a double-blind, community-randomized, placebo-controlled trial in The Gambia
    Lorenz von Seidlein
    Medical Research Council Laboratories, Fajara, The Gambia
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 97:217-25. 2003
    ..The reason for the absence of an impact on malaria transmission is probably the very high basic reproductive number of malaria, and the persistence of mature gametocytes, which are not affected by AS treatment...
  9. ncbi request reprint Mass administrations of antimalarial drugs
    Lorenz von Seidlein
    International Vaccine Institute, Kwanak, PO Box 14, Seoul 151 600, Korea
    Trends Parasitol 19:452-60. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for gametocyte carriage in Gambian children
    L Von Seidlein
    Medical Research Council Laboratories, Fajara, The Gambia
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 65:523-7. 2001
    ..The choice of a first-line antimalarial drug for uncomplicated malaria should not only take into consideration the ablation asexual parasitemia but also the suppression of gametocytemia...
  11. ncbi request reprint Occurrence of shigellosis in the young and elderly in rural China: results of a 12-month population-based surveillance study
    Xuan Yi Wang
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, South Korea
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:416-22. 2005
    ..Widespread resistance to antibiotics adds urgency to the development and use of vaccines to control shigellosis...
  12. pmc Clinical and epidemiological features of typhoid fever in Pemba, Zanzibar: assessment of the performance of the WHO case definitions
    Kamala Thriemer
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    PLoS ONE 7:e51823. 2012
    ..We therefore investigated the usefulness of clinical signs, WHO case definition and Widal test for the diagnosis of typhoid fever...
  13. pmc Safety of the recombinant cholera toxin B subunit, killed whole-cell (rBS-WC) oral cholera vaccine in pregnancy
    Ramadhan Hashim
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 6:e1743. 2012
    ..Balancing this concern is the known higher risk of cholera and of complications of pregnancy should cholera occur in these women, as well as the lack of expected adverse events from a killed oral bacterial vaccine...
  14. ncbi request reprint The use of typhoid vaccines in Asia: the DOMI experience
    R Leon Ochiai
    International Vaccine Institute, Kwanak gu, Seoul, Korea
    Clin Infect Dis 45:S34-8. 2007
    ..The Diseases of the Most Impoverished (DOMI) Program was initiated to provide evidence to decide on the introduction of typhoid vaccines in Asian countries...
  15. pmc The high burden of cholera in children: comparison of incidence from endemic areas in Asia and Africa
    Jacqueline L Deen
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e173. 2008
    ..Cholera remains an important public health problem. Yet there are few reliable population-based estimates of laboratory-confirmed cholera incidence in endemic areas around the world...
  16. ncbi request reprint Isolation of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Paratyphi B dT+, or Salmonella Java, from Indonesia and alteration of the d-tartrate fermentation phenotype by disrupting the ORF STM 3356
    Kyung Ho Han
    International Vaccine Institute, San 4 8 Bongcheon 7 Dong, Kwanak gu, Seoul, 151 818, Republic of Korea
    J Med Microbiol 55:1661-5. 2006
    ..The results show that the dT+ phenotype requires a functional product encoded by STM 3356, and support the use of the PCR-based discrimination method for S. Paratyphi B and S. Java as the standard differentiation method...
  17. pmc A study of typhoid fever in five Asian countries: disease burden and implications for controls
    R Leon Ochiai
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Bull World Health Organ 86:260-8. 2008
    ..To inform policy-makers about introduction of preventive interventions against typhoid, including vaccination...
  18. pmc Climate variability and the outbreaks of cholera in Zanzibar, East Africa: a time series analysis
    Rita Reyburn
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Research Park, Seoul, Korea
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 84:862-9. 2011
    ..04) with cholera at a 1-month lag. These results may be applied to forecast cholera outbreaks, and guide public health resources in controlling cholera in Zanzibar...
  19. pmc The burden of invasive bacterial infections in Pemba, Zanzibar
    Kamala Thriemer
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    PLoS ONE 7:e30350. 2012
    ..We conducted a surveillance study to determine the leading causes of bloodstream infection in febrile patients seeking treatment at three district hospitals in Pemba Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania, an area with low malaria transmission...
  20. doi request reprint Classical RS1 and environmental RS1 elements in Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor strains harbouring a tandem repeat of CTX prophage: revisiting Mozambique in 2005
    Seon Young Choi
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    J Med Microbiol 59:302-8. 2010
    ..New type RS1 elements RS1(cla) and RS1(env), and a CTX(env) with rstR(env) and the classical ctxB were identified on the large chromosome of the Mozambican isolates collected in 2005...
  21. pmc Assessment and comparative analysis of a rapid diagnostic test (Tubex®) for the diagnosis of typhoid fever among hospitalized children in rural Tanzania
    Benedikt Ley
    Translational Research Division, International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    BMC Infect Dis 11:147. 2011
    ..A rapid diagnostic test for typhoid fever, Tubex®, is commercially available that uses particle separation to detect immunoglobulin M directed towards Salmonella Typhi O9 lipopolysaccharide in sera...
  22. pmc Field evaluation of a rapid immunochromatographic dipstick test for the diagnosis of cholera in a high-risk population
    Xuan Yi Wang
    The International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    BMC Infect Dis 6:17. 2006
    ..Early detection of cholera outbreaks is crucial for the implementation of the most appropriate control strategies...
  23. pmc Organizational aspects and implementation of data systems in large-scale epidemiological studies in less developed countries
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Research Park, San 4 8 Bongcheon 7 Dong, Kwanak gu, Seoul, Korea
    BMC Public Health 6:86. 2006
    ..Such information provides little assurance that the data are reliable. There are several issues in data management that if not properly practiced may create an unreliable database, and outcomes of this database will be spurious...
  24. doi request reprint Geographic analysis of shigellosis in Vietnam
    Deok Ryun Kim
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Research Park, San 4 8 Bongcheon 7 Dong, Kwanak gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Health Place 14:755-67. 2008
    ..The disease maps can help identify high-risk areas of shigellosis that can be targeted for interventions. This approach may be useful for the selection of populations and the analysis of vaccine trials...
  25. pmc The use of a computerized database to monitor vaccine safety in Viet Nam
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Campus, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Bull World Health Organ 83:604-10. 2005
    ....
  26. pmc Salmonella paratyphi A rates, Asia
    R Leon Ochiai
    International Vaccine Institute, Kwanak PO Box 14, Seoul, South Korea 151 600
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1764-6. 2005
    ..Paratyphi A. We compared their incidences by using standardized methods from population-based studies in China, Indonesia, India, and Pakistan...
  27. pmc Replacing paper data collection forms with electronic data entry in the field: findings from a study of community-acquired bloodstream infections in Pemba, Zanzibar
    Kamala Thriemer
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Research Park, San 4 8, Nakseongdae dong, Gwanak Gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea 151 600
    BMC Res Notes 5:113. 2012
    ..It is gaining in popularity and has replaced the paper-based data entry system in many studies. We report our experiences with paper- and PDA-based data collection during a fever surveillance study in Pemba Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania...
  28. pmc Can changes in malaria transmission intensity explain prolonged protection and contribute to high protective efficacy of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in infants?
    Roly D Gosling
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Disease, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Malar J 7:54. 2008
    ..Five of the six trials using sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) for IPTi showed protective efficacies (PEs) against clinical malaria ranging from 20.1 - 33.3% whilst one, the Ifakara study, showed a protective efficacy of 58.6%...
  29. ncbi request reprint Herd immunity conferred by killed oral cholera vaccines in Bangladesh: a reanalysis
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    Lancet 366:44-9. 2005
    ..We reanalysed data from a field trial in Bangladesh to ascertain whether there is evidence of indirect protection from killed oral cholera vaccines...
  30. pmc The case for reactive mass oral cholera vaccinations
    Rita Reyburn
    International Vaccine Institute IVI, Seoul, Korea
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e952. 2011
    ..To evaluate the potential benefit of this pivotal change in WHO policy, we used existing data from cholera outbreaks to simulate the number of cholera cases preventable by reactive mass vaccination...
  31. pmc Trend and disease burden of bacillary dysentery in China (1991-2000)
    Xuan Yi Wang
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Bull World Health Organ 84:561-8. 2006
    ..We aimed to determine the burden of bacillary dysentery in China, its cross-regional variations, trends in morbidity and mortality, the causative bacterial species and antimicrobial resistance patterns...
  32. ncbi request reprint Multidisciplinary studies of disease burden in the Diseases of the Most Impoverished Programme
    Jacqueline L Deen
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul 151 600, Republic of Korea
    J Health Popul Nutr 22:232-9. 2004
    ..These projects also build in-country capacity in terms of treatment, diagnosis, epidemiology, and data management...
  33. pmc Evaluation of a rapid dipstick (Crystal VC) for the diagnosis of cholera in Zanzibar and a comparison with previous studies
    Benedikt Ley
    Translational Research Division, International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    PLoS ONE 7:e36930. 2012
    ..A rapid diagnostic test (RDT) that can be used by minimally trained staff at treatment centers could potentially improve the reporting and management of cholera outbreaks...
  34. pmc Evaluation of the Widal tube agglutination test for the diagnosis of typhoid fever among children admitted to a rural hdospital in Tanzania and a comparison with previous studies
    Benedikt Ley
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    BMC Infect Dis 10:180. 2010
    ..typhi). However, a more rapid, simpler, and cheaper diagnostic method would be very useful especially in developing countries. The Widal test is widely used in Africa but little information exists about its reliability...
  35. pmc Paperless registration during survey enumerations and large oral cholera mass vaccination in Zanzibar, the United Republic of Tanzania
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, Kwanak PO Box 14, Seoul, 151 600, Republic of Korea
    Bull World Health Organ 88:556-9. 2010
    ..Field trials require extensive data preparation and complex logistics. The use of personal digital assistants (PDAs) can bypass many of the traditional steps that are necessary in a paper-based data entry system...
  36. ncbi request reprint Long-term immunogenicity after single and booster dose of a live attenuated hepatitis A vaccine: results from 8-year follow-up
    Xuan Yi Wang
    International Vaccine Institute, San 4 8 Bongcheon 7 Dong, Kwanak gu, Seoul 151 818, Republic of Korea
    Vaccine 25:446-9. 2007
    ..Continued monitoring of anti-HAV antibodies is needed for a rational hepatitis A immunization strategy in China...
  37. doi request reprint Therapy of uncomplicated malaria in children: a review of treatment principles, essential drugs and current recommendations
    Jacqueline L Deen
    Joint Malaria Programme, Tanga, Tanzania
    Trop Med Int Health 13:1111-30. 2008
    ..This is a review of the guiding principles for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria, the essential anti-malarial drugs for children, and the treatment regimens currently recommended...
  38. ncbi request reprint The vaccine data link in Nha Trang, Vietnam: a progress report on the implementation of a database to detect adverse events related to vaccinations
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Campus, Shillim Dong, Kwanak Ku, P O Box 14, Seoul, South Korea
    Vaccine 21:1681-6. 2003
    ..Based on the validation of the data we hope to optimize this model. Once we find the model working it is planned export this vaccine data safety link to other settings of similar economic status...
  39. ncbi request reprint Incidence of diarrhea caused by rotavirus infections in rural Zhengding, China: prospective, population-based surveillance
    Xuan Yi Wang
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, South Korea
    J Infect Dis 192:S100-5. 2005
    ..Widespread immunization of children against rotavirus before 6 months of age should be considered for the control of rotavirus diarrhea...
  40. pmc Rationale for short course primaquine in Africa to interrupt malaria transmission
    Alice C Eziefula
    Malaria Centre, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Malar J 11:360. 2012
    ..In parallel, efforts need to be made to address issues in drug supply and regulation, to map G6PD deficiency and to support the evaluation of alternative gametocytocidal compounds...
  41. pmc Likely health outcomes for untreated acute febrile illness in the tropics in decision and economic models; a Delphi survey
    Yoel Lubell
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e17439. 2011
    ..However, data on these key parameters are lacking and assumptions are frequently made based on expert opinion. Widely diverse opinions can lead to conflicting outcomes in models they inform...
  42. pmc Multilocus sequence typing analysis of Shigella flexneri isolates collected in Asian countries
    Seon Young Choi
    1International Vaccine Institute, San 4 8 Bongcheon 7 Dong, Kwanak gu, Seoul 151 818, Republic of Korea
    J Med Microbiol 56:1460-6. 2007
    ..S. flexneri serotypes 1-5, X and Y were clustered together in a group containing many allelic variants while serotype 6 formed a distinct group, as previously established...
  43. ncbi request reprint Revaccination with locally-produced vi typhoid polysaccharide vaccine among chinese school-aged children: safety and immunogenicity findings
    Wei Zhong Zhou
    Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Nanjing, China
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:1001-5. 2007
    ..To evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of revaccination with locally-produced Vi polysaccharide vaccine 3 years after the first dose in Chinese children aged 9 to 14 years...
  44. pmc Adults' perceived prevalence of enteric fever predicts laboratory-validated incidence of typhoid fever in children
    Xinguang Chen
    Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 25:469-78. 2007
    ..01; R2=0.992). Using adults' perception of prevalence of disease as the basis for estimating its incidence in children provides a cost-effective behavioural epidemiologic method to facilitate prevention and control of the disease...
  45. doi request reprint Comparison of cost-of-illness with willingness-to-pay estimates to avoid shigellosis: evidence from China
    Soyeon Guh
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    Health Policy Plan 23:125-36. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that for some diseases, COI may approximate more comprehensive measures of economic benefits...
  46. ncbi request reprint Preferences for treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery in Kaengkhoi district, Saraburi province, Thailand
    Seksun Samosornsuk
    Thammasat Univervity, Patum thani, Thailand
    J Health Popul Nutr 22:113-8. 2004
    ....
  47. pmc A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of the bivalent killed, whole-cell, oral cholera vaccine in adults and children in a cholera endemic area in Kolkata, India
    Dilip Mahalanabis
    Society for Applied Studies, Kolkata, India
    PLoS ONE 3:e2323. 2008
    ..This vaccine was reformulated to meet WHO requirements. We assessed the safety and immunogenicity of the reformulated bivalent (Vibrio cholerae 01 and 0139) killed whole cell oral vaccine in a cholera endemic area in Kolkata, India...
  48. doi request reprint Rotavirus epidemiology: the Asian Rotavirus Surveillance Network
    E A S Nelson
    Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Vaccine 26:3192-6. 2008
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint Response to "questionable merits of the field trial of an oral killed whole cell cholera vaccine in Vietnam during 1998-2003" Vaccine 2007;25(8):1353-4
    Vu Dinh Thiem
    Vaccine 25:7981-3. 2007
  50. pmc Antimicrobial drug resistance of Salmonella enterica serovar typhi in asia and molecular mechanism of reduced susceptibility to the fluoroquinolones
    Tran Thuy Chau
    Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, 190 Ben Ham Tu, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51:4315-23. 2007
    ..The 8-methoxy fluoroquinolone gatifloxacin showed rapid killing of serovar Typhi harboring both the single- and double-amino-acid substitutions...
  51. pmc Estimating the burden of shigellosis in Thailand: 36-month population-based surveillance study
    Pornthip Chompook
    Chiang Rai Regional Hospital, Chiang Rai Province, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand
    Bull World Health Organ 83:739-46. 2005
    ..To estimate incidence of shigellosis in the Kaengkhoi district, Saraburi Province, Thailand...
  52. ncbi request reprint Differences in perception of dysentery and enteric fever and willingness to receive vaccines among rural residents in China
    Xinguang Chen
    Prevention Research Center, The Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 4201 St Antoine Street UHC 6D, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Vaccine 24:561-71. 2006
    ..While vaccines offer great potential in controlling these diseases, greater understanding of factors influencing acceptance of vaccines is needed to create effective enteric disease control programs in rural China...
  53. ncbi request reprint Willingness to be vaccinated against shigella and other forms of dysentery: a comparison of three regions in Asia
    Robert Pack
    Department of Community Medicine, West Virginia University School of Medicine, P O Box 9190, Morgantown, WV 26506_9190, USA
    Vaccine 24:485-94. 2006
    ..For adults, the responses indicate that vaccine uptake by adults will vary. A large proportion of respondents in all regions, specifically in China, do not perceive themselves at risk yet still consider a shigellosis vaccine desirable...
  54. ncbi request reprint The need for another typhoid fever vaccine
    Lorenz von Seidlein
    J Infect Dis 192:357-9. 2005
  55. pmc Pandemic serovars (O3:K6 and O4:K68) of Vibrio parahaemolyticus associated with diarrhea in Mozambique: spread of the pandemic into the African continent
    M Ansaruzzaman
    Laboratory Sciences Division, ICDDR, B Centre for Health and Population Research, GPO Box 128, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
    J Clin Microbiol 43:2559-62. 2005
    ..This is the first report of the isolation of pandemic strains of V. parahaemolyticus in sub-Saharan Africa and clearly indicates that the pandemic of V. parahaemolyticus has spread into the African continent...
  56. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of mass oral cholera vaccination in Beira, Mozambique
    Marcelino E S Lucas
    Ministry of Health, Maputo, Mozambique
    N Engl J Med 352:757-67. 2005
    ..We evaluated a mass immunization program with recombinant cholera-toxin B subunit, killed whole-cell (rBS-WC) oral cholera vaccine in Beira, Mozambique, a city where the seroprevalence of HIV is 20 to 30 percent...
  57. ncbi request reprint Healthcare use for diarrhoea and dysentery in actual and hypothetical cases, Nha Trang, Viet Nam
    Linda Kaljee
    University of Maryland Baltimore, School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 22:139-49. 2004
    ..Given these healthcare-use patterns, reported rates could significantly underestimate the real disease burden of dysentery and diarrhoea...
  58. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with reported diarrhoea episodes and treatment-seeking in an urban slum of Kolkata, India
    Dipika Sur
    National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, P 33 CIT Road Scheme XM, Beliaghata, Kolkata 700 010, India
    J Health Popul Nutr 22:130-8. 2004
    ..The findings increase the understanding of the factors and healthcare-use patterns associated with diarrhoea episodes and may assist in developing public-health messages and infrastructure in Kolkata...
  59. ncbi request reprint Diarrhoea episodes and treatment-seeking behaviour in a slum area of North Jakarta, Indonesia
    Cyrus H Simanjuntak
    National Institute of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
    J Health Popul Nutr 22:119-29. 2004
    ..Individuals from households in the lowest-income group were significantly more likely to attend a PHC for treatment of diarrhoea compared to individuals from households in the middle- and higher-income groups...
  60. ncbi request reprint A community-based cluster survey on preferences for treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery in Zhengding county, Hebei province, China
    Xuan Yi Wang
    Department of Molecular Virology, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    J Health Popul Nutr 22:104-12. 2004
    ....
  61. pmc Treatment uptake by individuals infected with Plasmodium falciparum in rural Gambia, West Africa
    Lorenz von Seidlein
    Medical Research Council Laboratories, Gambia
    Bull World Health Organ 80:790-6. 2002
    ..To find out what proportion of Plasmodium falciparum infections are treated in rural Gambia...
  62. ncbi request reprint Feasibility of a mass vaccination campaign using a two-dose oral cholera vaccine in an urban cholera-endemic setting in Mozambique
    Philippe Cavailler
    Epicentre, Paris, France
    Vaccine 24:4890-5. 2006
    ..09 dollars, which is relatively high. However, in endemic settings where outbreaks are likely to occur, integrating cholera vaccination into the routine activities of the public health system could reduce such costs...
  63. ncbi request reprint The burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam: baseline assessment for a rotavirus vaccine trial
    Dang Duc Anh
    National Institute for Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 25:37-40. 2006
    ..To anticipate the availability of new vaccines, we have examined our field area in Nha Trang, Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam, as a potential site to conduct a field trial of a future rotavirus vaccine...
  64. ncbi request reprint The malaria and typhoid fever burden in the slums of Kolkata, India: data from a prospective community-based study
    Dipika Sur
    National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, P 33 CIT Rd Scheme XM, Beliaghata, Kolkata 700010, India
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 100:725-33. 2006
    ..Focal interventions to minimise human-vector contact and improved personal hygiene and targeted vaccination campaigns could help to prevent malaria and typhoid fever in this site...
  65. ncbi request reprint Private demand for cholera vaccines in Beira, Mozambique
    Marcelino E S Lucas
    Ministry of Science and Technology, Maputo, Mozambique
    Vaccine 25:2599-609. 2007
    ..45. This estimate of household WTP represents the perceived private economic benefits to a household--six persons on average--of giving all members free cholera vaccines...
  66. ncbi request reprint Editorial: A small step for WHO, a big step for cholera control
    Lorenz von Seidlein
    Trop Med Int Health 11:1773-4. 2006
  67. ncbi request reprint Reducing stunting among children: the potential contribution of diagnostics
    Karen A Ricci
    RAND Corporation, 1776 Main Street, PO Box 2138, Santa Monica, California 90407 2138, USA
    Nature 444:29-38. 2006
  68. ncbi request reprint Safety and immunogenicity of a reformulated Vietnamese bivalent killed, whole-cell, oral cholera vaccine in adults
    Dang Duc Anh
    National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Vaccine 25:1149-55. 2007
    ..We found that this reformulated oral killed whole-cell cholera vaccine was safe, well tolerated and highly immunogenic...
  69. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for shigellosis in Thailand
    Pornthip Chompook
    Bureau of General Communicable Diseases, Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand
    Int J Infect Dis 10:425-33. 2006
    ..To assess the potential risk factors for shigellosis including housefly density...
  70. ncbi request reprint Consecutive outbreaks of Vibrio cholerae O139 and V. cholerae O1 cholera in a fishing village near Karachi, Pakistan
    Fahad J Siddiqui
    Department of Paediatrics, Aga Khan University, P O Box 3500, Stadium Road, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 100:476-82. 2006
    ..Geographically, cases were clustered during the first outbreak but not during the second. Person-to-person contact and water reservoirs appear to be the main transmission routes for cholera in this setting...
  71. pmc Enhanced disease surveillance through private health care sector cooperation in Karachi, Pakistan: experience from a vaccine trial
    Mohammad Imran Khan
    Department of Paediatrics, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Bull World Health Organ 84:72-7. 2006
    ..This, however, poses enormous challenges in practice. The process and outcome of recruiting private practice clinics for surveillance in a vaccine trial are described...
  72. ncbi request reprint Long-term effectiveness against cholera of oral killed whole-cell vaccine produced in Vietnam
    Vu Dinh Thiem
    National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Vaccine 24:4297-303. 2006
    ..The overall vaccine effectiveness 3-5 years after vaccination was 50% (9-63%). This low-cost, easily administered vaccine should be considered as a tool for the control of cholera...
  73. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of new-generation serologic tests for the diagnosis of typhoid fever: data from a community-based surveillance in Calcutta, India
    Shanta Dutta
    National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, P 33 CIT Road, Scheme XM, Beliaghata, P O Box 177, Calcutta 700010, India
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 56:359-65. 2006
    ..There is a need for more efficient rapid diagnostic test for typhoid fever especially during the acute stage of the disease. Until then, culture remains the method of choice...
  74. doi request reprint A cost function analysis of shigellosis in Thailand
    Arthorn Riewpaiboon
    Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Value Health 11:S75-83. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to develop a cost function model to estimate the public treatment cost of shigellosis patients in Thailand...
  75. ncbi request reprint Acceptability and accessibility of a Shigellosis vaccine in Nha Trang city of Viet Nam
    Linda M Kaljee
    University of Maryland Baltimore, School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 22:150-8. 2004
    ..These findings are significant for targeting specific messages about shigellosis and vaccination to different populations and maximizing informed participation in public-health campaigns...
  76. pmc Detection of Shigella by a PCR assay targeting the ipaH gene suggests increased prevalence of shigellosis in Nha Trang, Vietnam
    Dinh Thiem Vu
    National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam
    J Clin Microbiol 42:2031-5. 2004
    ..The clinical presentation of shigellosis may be directly related to the bacterial load...
  77. ncbi request reprint Antimalarial use during pregnancy and its effect on birthweight
    Jacqueline L Deen
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 96:573-4. 2002
  78. ncbi request reprint Genetic diversity of El Tor strains of Vibrio cholerae O1 with hybrid traits isolated from Bangladesh and Mozambique
    Mohammad Ansaruzzaman
    Laboratory Sciences Division, Centre for Health and Population Research, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
    Int J Med Microbiol 297:443-9. 2007
    ....
  79. ncbi request reprint Clinical, epidemiological, and socioeconomic analysis of an outbreak of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam
    Dinh Thi Tuyet
    Institute Pasteur, Nha Trang, Vietnam
    J Infect Dis 186:1615-20. 2002
    ..Like the interruption of the transmission of V. cholerae infections that had been observed earlier, the transmission of V. parahaemolyticus came to a halt without meteorological changes or changes in water supply and sanitation...