Mohammad Ali

Summary

Affiliation: International Vaccine Institute

Publications

  1. ncbi Long-term effectiveness against cholera of oral killed whole-cell vaccine produced in Vietnam
    Vu Dinh Thiem
    National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Vaccine 24:4297-303. 2006
  2. doi Herd protection by a bivalent killed whole-cell oral cholera vaccine in the slums of Kolkata, India
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Clin Infect Dis 56:1123-31. 2013
  3. pmc Time series analysis of cholera in Matlab, Bangladesh, during 1988-2001
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Research Park, San 4 8 Nakseongdae dong, Gwanak Gu, Seoul, Korea
    J Health Popul Nutr 31:11-9. 2013
  4. pmc Clinical, epidemiological, and spatial characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus diarrhea and cholera in the urban slums of Kolkata, India
    Suman Kanungo
    National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India
    BMC Public Health 12:830. 2012
  5. pmc The global burden of cholera
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Research Park, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Bull World Health Organ 90:209-218A. 2012
  6. pmc Seasonality of cholera from 1974 to 2005: a review of global patterns
    Michael Emch
    Department of Geography, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 7:31. 2008
  7. pmc Spatial patterns of fetal loss and infant death in an arsenic-affected area in Bangladesh
    Nazmul Sohel
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, International Maternal and Child Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Int J Health Geogr 9:53. 2010
  8. pmc Local population and regional environmental drivers of cholera in Bangladesh
    Michael Emch
    Department of Geography, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, USA
    Environ Health 9:2. 2010
  9. pmc A mass vaccination campaign targeting adults and children to prevent typhoid fever in Hechi; expanding the use of Vi polysaccharide vaccine in southeast China: a cluster-randomized trial
    Jin Yang
    Division of Bacterial Diseases, Guangxi Center for Disease Control, 80 Taoyuan Road, Nanning 530021, Guangxi, China
    BMC Public Health 5:49. 2005
  10. pmc The burden of diarrhoea, shigellosis, and cholera in North Jakarta, Indonesia: findings from 24 months surveillance
    Magdarina D Agtini
    National Institute of Health Research and Development, Jakarta Indonesia, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
    BMC Infect Dis 5:89. 2005

Detail Information

Publications79

  1. ncbi Long-term effectiveness against cholera of oral killed whole-cell vaccine produced in Vietnam
    Vu Dinh Thiem
    National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Vaccine 24:4297-303. 2006
    ..The overall vaccine effectiveness 3-5 years after vaccination was 50% (9-63%). This low-cost, easily administered vaccine should be considered as a tool for the control of cholera...
  2. doi Herd protection by a bivalent killed whole-cell oral cholera vaccine in the slums of Kolkata, India
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Clin Infect Dis 56:1123-31. 2013
    ..We evaluated the herd protection conferred by an oral cholera vaccine using 2 approaches: cluster design and geographic information system (GIS) design...
  3. pmc Time series analysis of cholera in Matlab, Bangladesh, during 1988-2001
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Research Park, San 4 8 Nakseongdae dong, Gwanak Gu, Seoul, Korea
    J Health Popul Nutr 31:11-9. 2013
    ..The model forecast the fluctuation of cholera incidence in Matlab reasonably well (Root mean square error, RMSE: 0.108). Thus, the ambient and sea-surface temperature-based model could be used in forecasting cholera outbreaks in Matlab...
  4. pmc Clinical, epidemiological, and spatial characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus diarrhea and cholera in the urban slums of Kolkata, India
    Suman Kanungo
    National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India
    BMC Public Health 12:830. 2012
    ..cholerae and V. parahaemolyticus from non-coastal areas. We investigated the differences in clinical, epidemiological and spatial characteristics of the two Vibrio species in the urban slums of Kolkata, India...
  5. pmc The global burden of cholera
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Research Park, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Bull World Health Organ 90:209-218A. 2012
    ..To estimate the global burden of cholera using population-based incidence data and reports...
  6. pmc Seasonality of cholera from 1974 to 2005: a review of global patterns
    Michael Emch
    Department of Geography, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 7:31. 2008
    ..This paper also provides a detailed literature review on regional patterns and environmental and climatic drivers of cholera patterns...
  7. pmc Spatial patterns of fetal loss and infant death in an arsenic-affected area in Bangladesh
    Nazmul Sohel
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, International Maternal and Child Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Int J Health Geogr 9:53. 2010
    ....
  8. pmc Local population and regional environmental drivers of cholera in Bangladesh
    Michael Emch
    Department of Geography, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, USA
    Environ Health 9:2. 2010
    ..Previous work in Bangladesh found that temporal patterns of cholera are positively related to satellite-derived environmental variables including ocean chlorophyll concentration (OCC)...
  9. pmc A mass vaccination campaign targeting adults and children to prevent typhoid fever in Hechi; expanding the use of Vi polysaccharide vaccine in southeast China: a cluster-randomized trial
    Jin Yang
    Division of Bacterial Diseases, Guangxi Center for Disease Control, 80 Taoyuan Road, Nanning 530021, Guangxi, China
    BMC Public Health 5:49. 2005
    ....
  10. pmc The burden of diarrhoea, shigellosis, and cholera in North Jakarta, Indonesia: findings from 24 months surveillance
    Magdarina D Agtini
    National Institute of Health Research and Development, Jakarta Indonesia, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
    BMC Infect Dis 5:89. 2005
    ....
  11. pmc Natural cholera infection-derived immunity in an endemic setting
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    J Infect Dis 204:912-8. 2011
    ..Live oral cholera vaccines may protect against cholera in a manner similar to natural cholera infections. However, information on which to base these vaccines is limited...
  12. doi Impact of Vi vaccination on spatial patterns of typhoid fever in the slums of Kolkata, India
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, Gwanak Gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Vaccine 29:9051-6. 2011
    ..Understanding and mapping the disease risk could be useful for designing a community-based vaccination strategy to control disease...
  13. pmc Organizational aspects and implementation of data systems in large-scale epidemiological studies in less developed countries
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Research Park, San 4 8 Bongcheon 7 Dong, Kwanak gu, Seoul, Korea
    BMC Public Health 6:86. 2006
    ..Such information provides little assurance that the data are reliable. There are several issues in data management that if not properly practiced may create an unreliable database, and outcomes of this database will be spurious...
  14. pmc Application of Poisson kriging to the mapping of cholera and dysentery incidence in an endemic area of Bangladesh
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Research Park, San 4 8 Bongcheon 7 Dong, Kwanak gu, Seoul, Korea
    Int J Health Geogr 5:45. 2006
    ..The methodology is illustrated using cholera and dysentery data collected in a cholera endemic area (Matlab) of Bangladesh...
  15. doi Modeling spatial heterogeneity of disease risk and evaluation of the impact of vaccination
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, San 4 8, Bongcheon 7 dong, Kwanak Ku, Seoul 151 818, Republic of Korea
    Vaccine 27:3724-9. 2009
    ..The results of the analyses confirm both hypotheses. The paper also shows how spatial analysis can be used to understand the impact of vaccination when there are spatially heterogeneous disease distributions...
  16. pmc Paperless registration during survey enumerations and large oral cholera mass vaccination in Zanzibar, the United Republic of Tanzania
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, Kwanak PO Box 14, Seoul, 151 600, Republic of Korea
    Bull World Health Organ 88:556-9. 2010
    ..Field trials require extensive data preparation and complex logistics. The use of personal digital assistants (PDAs) can bypass many of the traditional steps that are necessary in a paper-based data entry system...
  17. pmc Spatial risk for gender-specific adult mortality in an area of southern China
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    Int J Health Geogr 6:31. 2007
    ..We constructed spatially smoothed risk maps for gender-specific adult mortality in an area of southern China comprising both urban and rural areas and identified ecological factors of gender-specific mortality across societies...
  18. ncbi Geographic analysis of vaccine uptake in a cluster-randomized controlled trial in Hue, Vietnam
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, San 4 8, Bongcheon 7 dong, Kwanak Ku, Seoul 151 818, Republic of Korea
    Health Place 13:577-87. 2007
    ..The findings are important for the management of vaccine campaigns during a trial and for interpretation of disease patterns during vaccine-efficacy evaluation...
  19. pmc Community participation in two vaccination trials in slums of Kolkata, India: a multi-level analysis
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    J Health Popul Nutr 28:450-7. 2010
    ..The results illustrated that participation in the trial was mostly influenced by various individual and community-level factors, which need to be addressed for a successful vaccination campaign...
  20. ncbi Use of a geographic information system for defining spatial risk for dengue transmission in Bangladesh: role for Aedes albopictus in an urban outbreak
    Mohammad Ali
    Centre for Health and Population Research, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 69:634-40. 2003
    ..Public health officials may find the disease-environment map useful for planning targeted interventions because it displays areas where transmission is most intense...
  21. ncbi Implementation of a medical geographic information system: concepts and uses
    M Ali
    ICDDR, B Centre for Health and Population Research, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
    J Health Popul Nutr 19:100-10. 2001
    ..The paper is intended to help those who wish to implement a health-based geographic information system to understand the links between people and their environments and to better meet the health needs of target communities...
  22. ncbi The spatial epidemiology of cholera in an endemic area of Bangladesh
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, South Korea
    Soc Sci Med 55:1015-24. 2002
    ..The case fatality rate for cholera was related to proximity to a diarrhea treatment hospital in the study area...
  23. ncbi Spatial filtering using a raster geographic information system: methods for scaling health and environmental data
    Mohammad Ali
    ICDDR, B, Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Health Place 8:85-92. 2002
    ..Spatial filtering methods are demonstrated using health and population surveillance data within a GIS that were collected for approximately 210,000 people in Matlab, Bangladesh...
  24. ncbi Are the environmental niches of Vibrio cholerae O139 different from those of Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor?
    M Ali
    Centre for Health and Population Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Int J Infect Dis 5:214-9. 2001
    ..However, the environmental niches of the different strains of cholera are not well known, and therefore, populations at risk for cholera outbreaks cannot be clearly identified...
  25. ncbi Identifying environmental risk factors for endemic cholera: a raster GIS approach
    Mohammad Ali
    ICDDR, B Centre for Health and Population Research, Bangladesh
    Health Place 8:201-10. 2002
    ..These robust spatial methods are offered as an example for future epidemiological research efforts that define environmental risk factors for infectious diseases...
  26. ncbi A multi-country cluster randomized controlled effectiveness evaluation to accelerate the introduction of Vi polysaccharide typhoid vaccine in developing countries in Asia: rationale and design
    Camilo J Acosta
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, South Korea
    Trop Med Int Health 10:1219-28. 2005
    ..Preliminary results are presented that determined the final planning of the trial before immunization. Important methodological and practical issues regarding vaccine cluster randomized designs are illustrated...
  27. doi A cluster-randomized effectiveness trial of Vi typhoid vaccine in India
    Dipika Sur
    National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India
    N Engl J Med 361:335-44. 2009
    ..Uncertainties about the protective effect of Vi polysaccharide vaccine in children under the age of 5 years and about the vaccine's effect under programmatic conditions have inhibited its use in developing countries...
  28. pmc Comparisons of predictors for typhoid and paratyphoid fever in Kolkata, India
    Dipika Sur
    1National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India
    BMC Public Health 7:289. 2007
    ..such as water improvement or vaccination campaigns are implemented for groups of individuals we were interested whether risk factors not only for the individual but for households, neighbourhoods and larger areas can be recognised?..
  29. pmc Efficacy of a low-cost, inactivated whole-cell oral cholera vaccine: results from 3 years of follow-up of a randomized, controlled trial
    Dipika Sur
    National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1289. 2011
    ..Killed oral cholera vaccines (OCVs) have been licensed for use in developing countries, but protection conferred by licensed OCVs beyond two years of follow-up has not been demonstrated in randomized, clinical trials...
  30. pmc Climate variability and the outbreaks of cholera in Zanzibar, East Africa: a time series analysis
    Rita Reyburn
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Research Park, Seoul, Korea
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 84:862-9. 2011
    ..04) with cholera at a 1-month lag. These results may be applied to forecast cholera outbreaks, and guide public health resources in controlling cholera in Zanzibar...
  31. doi Efficacy and safety of a modified killed-whole-cell oral cholera vaccine in India: an interim analysis of a cluster-randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
    Dipika Sur
    National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India
    Lancet 374:1694-702. 2009
    ..To expand the use of this vaccine, it was modified to comply with WHO standards. We assessed the efficacy and safety of this modified vaccine in a population with endemic cholera...
  32. pmc The high burden of cholera in children: comparison of incidence from endemic areas in Asia and Africa
    Jacqueline L Deen
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e173. 2008
    ..Cholera remains an important public health problem. Yet there are few reliable population-based estimates of laboratory-confirmed cholera incidence in endemic areas around the world...
  33. ncbi The malaria and typhoid fever burden in the slums of Kolkata, India: data from a prospective community-based study
    Dipika Sur
    National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, P 33 CIT Rd Scheme XM, Beliaghata, Kolkata 700010, India
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 100:725-33. 2006
    ..Focal interventions to minimise human-vector contact and improved personal hygiene and targeted vaccination campaigns could help to prevent malaria and typhoid fever in this site...
  34. pmc A study of typhoid fever in five Asian countries: disease burden and implications for controls
    R Leon Ochiai
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Bull World Health Organ 86:260-8. 2008
    ..To inform policy-makers about introduction of preventive interventions against typhoid, including vaccination...
  35. pmc Use of verbal autopsy to determine mortality patterns in an urban slum in Kolkata, India
    Suman Kanungo
    National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India
    Bull World Health Organ 88:667-74. 2010
    ..To define mortality patterns in an urban slum in Kolkata, India, in the context of a cholera and typhoid fever project...
  36. pmc Clinical and epidemiological features of typhoid fever in Pemba, Zanzibar: assessment of the performance of the WHO case definitions
    Kamala Thriemer
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    PLoS ONE 7:e51823. 2012
    ..We therefore investigated the usefulness of clinical signs, WHO case definition and Widal test for the diagnosis of typhoid fever...
  37. ncbi Vaccine Protection of Bangladeshi infants and young children against cholera: implications for vaccine deployment and person-to-person transmission
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:33-7. 2008
    ..We investigated whether mass immunization of older children and adults can confer herd protection to children too young to be vaccinated...
  38. pmc A multicentre study of Shigella diarrhoea in six Asian countries: disease burden, clinical manifestations, and microbiology
    Lorenz von Seidlein
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    PLoS Med 3:e353. 2006
    ..We conducted a prospective, population-based study in six Asian countries to gain a better understanding of the current disease burden, clinical manifestations, and microbiology of shigellosis in Asia...
  39. doi Geographic analysis of shigellosis in Vietnam
    Deok Ryun Kim
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Research Park, San 4 8 Bongcheon 7 Dong, Kwanak gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Health Place 14:755-67. 2008
    ..The disease maps can help identify high-risk areas of shigellosis that can be targeted for interventions. This approach may be useful for the selection of populations and the analysis of vaccine trials...
  40. ncbi Herd immunity conferred by killed oral cholera vaccines in Bangladesh: a reanalysis
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    Lancet 366:44-9. 2005
    ..We reanalysed data from a field trial in Bangladesh to ascertain whether there is evidence of indirect protection from killed oral cholera vaccines...
  41. pmc Salmonella paratyphi A rates, Asia
    R Leon Ochiai
    International Vaccine Institute, Kwanak PO Box 14, Seoul, South Korea 151 600
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1764-6. 2005
    ..Paratyphi A. We compared their incidences by using standardized methods from population-based studies in China, Indonesia, India, and Pakistan...
  42. ncbi Implementation of good clinical practice guidelines in vaccine trials in developing countries
    Camilo J Acosta
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Vaccine 25:2852-7. 2007
    ..The ICH GCP principles are discussed below within the framework of this recent typhoid fever vaccine study experience...
  43. pmc Safety of the recombinant cholera toxin B subunit, killed whole-cell (rBS-WC) oral cholera vaccine in pregnancy
    Ramadhan Hashim
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 6:e1743. 2012
    ..Balancing this concern is the known higher risk of cholera and of complications of pregnancy should cholera occur in these women, as well as the lack of expected adverse events from a killed oral bacterial vaccine...
  44. pmc The use of a computerized database to monitor vaccine safety in Viet Nam
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Campus, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Bull World Health Organ 83:604-10. 2005
    ....
  45. ncbi The vaccine data link in Nha Trang, Vietnam: a progress report on the implementation of a database to detect adverse events related to vaccinations
    Mohammad Ali
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Campus, Shillim Dong, Kwanak Ku, P O Box 14, Seoul, South Korea
    Vaccine 21:1681-6. 2003
    ..Based on the validation of the data we hope to optimize this model. Once we find the model working it is planned export this vaccine data safety link to other settings of similar economic status...
  46. ncbi Occurrence of shigellosis in the young and elderly in rural China: results of a 12-month population-based surveillance study
    Xuan Yi Wang
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, South Korea
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:416-22. 2005
    ..Widespread resistance to antibiotics adds urgency to the development and use of vaccines to control shigellosis...
  47. pmc Risk map of cholera infection for vaccine deployment: the eastern Kolkata case
    Young Ae You
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    PLoS ONE 8:e71173. 2013
    ..Here we investigate socio-environmental characteristics between high and low risk areas as well as the potential impact of vaccination on the spatial occurrence of the disease...
  48. ncbi The role of epidemiology in the introduction of vi polysaccharide typhoid fever vaccines in Asia
    Camilo J Acosta
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    J Health Popul Nutr 22:240-5. 2004
    ..Epidemiological studies contribute to all stages of development of vaccine evaluation and introduction...
  49. pmc Pandemic serovars (O3:K6 and O4:K68) of Vibrio parahaemolyticus associated with diarrhea in Mozambique: spread of the pandemic into the African continent
    M Ansaruzzaman
    Laboratory Sciences Division, ICDDR, B Centre for Health and Population Research, GPO Box 128, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
    J Clin Microbiol 43:2559-62. 2005
    ..This is the first report of the isolation of pandemic strains of V. parahaemolyticus in sub-Saharan Africa and clearly indicates that the pandemic of V. parahaemolyticus has spread into the African continent...
  50. pmc Replacing paper data collection forms with electronic data entry in the field: findings from a study of community-acquired bloodstream infections in Pemba, Zanzibar
    Kamala Thriemer
    International Vaccine Institute, SNU Research Park, San 4 8, Nakseongdae dong, Gwanak Gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea 151 600
    BMC Res Notes 5:113. 2012
    ..It is gaining in popularity and has replaced the paper-based data entry system in many studies. We report our experiences with paper- and PDA-based data collection during a fever surveillance study in Pemba Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania...
  51. pmc Determining optimal neighborhood size for ecological studies using leave-one-out cross validation
    Deok Ryun Kim
    International Vaccine Institute, Gwanak Gu, Seoul, South Korea
    Int J Health Geogr 11:10. 2012
    ..The filter with the lowest MSE was considered as the optimal neighborhood. The method is useful in determining the optimal neighborhood for both geographic and population filters...
  52. pmc The burden of invasive bacterial infections in Pemba, Zanzibar
    Kamala Thriemer
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    PLoS ONE 7:e30350. 2012
    ..We conducted a surveillance study to determine the leading causes of bloodstream infection in febrile patients seeking treatment at three district hospitals in Pemba Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania, an area with low malaria transmission...
  53. doi Safety and immunogenicity study of a killed bivalent (O1 and O139) whole-cell oral cholera vaccine Shanchol, in Bangladeshi adults and children as young as 1 year of age
    Amit Saha
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Vaccine 29:8285-92. 2011
    ..Safety and immunogenicity study of an oral, killed, bivalent whole-cell, cholera vaccine, Shanchol was carried out in Bangladeshi participants. This study was conducted prior to initiating a feasibility study in Bangladesh...
  54. doi Coverage and cost of a large oral cholera vaccination program in a high-risk cholera endemic urban population in Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Iqbal Ansary Khan
    International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research Bangladesh icddr, B, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Vaccine 31:6058-64. 2013
    ..76. We observed no serious adverse events. Mass vaccination with oral cholera vaccine is feasible for reaching high risk endemic population through the existing national immunization delivery system employed by the government. ..
  55. doi Non-typhoidal Salmonella rates in febrile children at sites in five Asian countries
    M Imran Khan
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    Trop Med Int Health 15:960-3. 2010
    ..The highest incidence of NTS infection was in Karachi (7.2 culture-proven NTS cases per 100,000 person years in age group of 2-15 years). However, in comparison with sub-Saharan Africa, the NTS burden in Asia appears rather limited...
  56. doi New approaches to the assessment of vaccine herd protection in clinical trials
    John Clemens
    International Vaccine Institute, Kwanak gu, Seoul, South Korea
    Lancet Infect Dis 11:482-7. 2011
    ..Here we discuss the use of these designs, which can generate an improved evidence base at an early stage for making decisions about the introduction of new vaccines...
  57. pmc Comparative tuberculosis (TB) prevention effectiveness in children of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccines from different sources, Kazakhstan
    Michael Favorov
    International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
    PLoS ONE 7:e32567. 2012
    ..Our objective was to assess relative effectiveness of BCG immunization...
  58. pmc Prevalence of sputum smear-positive tuberculosis in a rural area in Bangladesh
    K Zaman
    ICDDR, B, Centre for Health and Population Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Epidemiol Infect 134:1052-9. 2006
    ..The higher prevalence of persistent cough and AFB-positive sputum among males need further exploration. Factors responsible for higher prevalence of TB in clusters should be investigated...
  59. ncbi Implications of health care provision on acute lower respiratory infection mortality in Bangladeshi children
    M Ali
    ICDDR B, Centre for Health and Population Research, Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Soc Sci Med 52:267-77. 2001
    ....
  60. doi Magnitude and contributory factors of postnatal depression: a community-based cohort study from a rural subdistrict of Bangladesh
    K Gausia
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh
    Psychol Med 39:999-1007. 2009
    ..Recent evidence suggests that the prevalence of postnatal depression (PND) is highest in low-income developing countries. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of PND and its associated risk factors among Bangladeshi women...
  61. ncbi Correlation between microalbuminuria and angiographic severity of coronary artery disease
    A S Reza
    Deptt of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases NICVD, Sher E Banglanagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 32:78-86. 2006
    ..6 (95% CI, 1.4 - 22). Microalbuminuria was found to correlate positively and independently with angiographic severity of coronary artery disease...
  62. ncbi Clinical, epidemiological, and socioeconomic analysis of an outbreak of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam
    Dinh Thi Tuyet
    Institute Pasteur, Nha Trang, Vietnam
    J Infect Dis 186:1615-20. 2002
    ..Like the interruption of the transmission of V. cholerae infections that had been observed earlier, the transmission of V. parahaemolyticus came to a halt without meteorological changes or changes in water supply and sanitation...
  63. ncbi A community-based cluster survey on preferences for treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery in Zhengding county, Hebei province, China
    Xuan Yi Wang
    Department of Molecular Virology, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    J Health Popul Nutr 22:104-12. 2004
    ....
  64. ncbi Preferences for treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery in Kaengkhoi district, Saraburi province, Thailand
    Seksun Samosornsuk
    Thammasat Univervity, Patum thani, Thailand
    J Health Popul Nutr 22:113-8. 2004
    ....
  65. ncbi Diarrhoea episodes and treatment-seeking behaviour in a slum area of North Jakarta, Indonesia
    Cyrus H Simanjuntak
    National Institute of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
    J Health Popul Nutr 22:119-29. 2004
    ..Individuals from households in the lowest-income group were significantly more likely to attend a PHC for treatment of diarrhoea compared to individuals from households in the middle- and higher-income groups...
  66. ncbi Effectiveness of mass oral cholera vaccination in Beira, Mozambique
    Marcelino E S Lucas
    Ministry of Health, Maputo, Mozambique
    N Engl J Med 352:757-67. 2005
    ..We evaluated a mass immunization program with recombinant cholera-toxin B subunit, killed whole-cell (rBS-WC) oral cholera vaccine in Beira, Mozambique, a city where the seroprevalence of HIV is 20 to 30 percent...
  67. ncbi Local environmental predictors of cholera in Bangladesh and Vietnam
    Michael Emch
    Department of Geography, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 78:823-32. 2008
    ..Local environmental parameters have consistent effects when cholera is regular and more prevalent in endemic settings, but in situations where cholera epidemics are rare there are differential environmental effects...
  68. pmc Estimating the burden of shigellosis in Thailand: 36-month population-based surveillance study
    Pornthip Chompook
    Chiang Rai Regional Hospital, Chiang Rai Province, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand
    Bull World Health Organ 83:739-46. 2005
    ..To estimate incidence of shigellosis in the Kaengkhoi district, Saraburi Province, Thailand...
  69. ncbi Risk areas and neighborhood-level risk factors for Shigella dysenteriae 1 and Shigella flexneri
    Michael Emch
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Geography and CPC 308 Saunders Hall, Campus Box 3220, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Health Place 14:96-105. 2008
    ..dysenteriae 1. S. flexneri was most common in flood-controlled areas. S. dysenteriae 1 risk is more related to hygiene and sanitation and S. flexneri is more related to the environment...
  70. ncbi Efficacy calculation in randomized trials: global or local measures?
    Michael Emch
    Department of Geography, Saunders Hall, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3220 USA
    Health Place 13:238-48. 2007
    ..Local efficacy measures can help public health practitioners make better decisions about when and where to vaccinate populations. The concepts offered in this study are pertinent for any health intervention trial, not just vaccines...
  71. ncbi Trial participation and vaccine desirability for Vi polysaccharide typhoid fever vaccine in Hue City, Viet Nam
    Linda M Kaljee
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore MD, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 12:25-36. 2007
    ....
  72. pmc Controlling endemic cholera with oral vaccines
    Ira M Longini
    Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e336. 2007
    ..We used a large-scale stochastic simulation model to investigate the possibility of controlling endemic cholera with OCVs...
  73. ncbi The feasibility of a school-based VI polysaccharide vaccine mass immunization campaign in Hue City, central Vietnam: streamlining a typhoid fever preventive strategy
    Vu Dinh Thiem
    National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, People s Republic of Vietnam
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 37:515-22. 2006
    ..The lessons learned, together with cost-effectiveness results to be obtained by the end of follow-up period, will hopefully accelerate the introduction of Vi typhoid fever vaccine in Vietnam...
  74. ncbi Relationship between neighbourhood-level killed oral cholera vaccine coverage and protective efficacy: evidence for herd immunity
    Michael Emch
    Department of Geography, Saunders Hall, Campus Box 3220, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, 27599 3220, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 35:1044-50. 2006
    ....
  75. ncbi Consecutive outbreaks of Vibrio cholerae O139 and V. cholerae O1 cholera in a fishing village near Karachi, Pakistan
    Fahad J Siddiqui
    Department of Paediatrics, Aga Khan University, P O Box 3500, Stadium Road, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 100:476-82. 2006
    ..Geographically, cases were clustered during the first outbreak but not during the second. Person-to-person contact and water reservoirs appear to be the main transmission routes for cholera in this setting...
  76. doi Ecological aspects in vaccine trials
    Mohammad Ali
    Expert Rev Vaccines 7:279-81. 2008
  77. pmc Enhanced disease surveillance through private health care sector cooperation in Karachi, Pakistan: experience from a vaccine trial
    Mohammad Imran Khan
    Department of Paediatrics, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Bull World Health Organ 84:72-7. 2006
    ..This, however, poses enormous challenges in practice. The process and outcome of recruiting private practice clinics for surveillance in a vaccine trial are described...
  78. ncbi Maxillary odontogenic keratocyst: a common and serious clinical misdiagnosis
    Mohammad Ali
    University of Florida, College of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, Gainesville 32610 0414, USA
    J Am Dent Assoc 134:877-83. 2003
    ..The authors conducted this study to determine the most common location of odontogenic keratocysts, or OKCs, in the maxilla and the implication of this for dental practice...
  79. ncbi Feasibility of a mass vaccination campaign using a two-dose oral cholera vaccine in an urban cholera-endemic setting in Mozambique
    Philippe Cavailler
    Epicentre, Paris, France
    Vaccine 24:4890-5. 2006
    ..09 dollars, which is relatively high. However, in endemic settings where outbreaks are likely to occur, integrating cholera vaccination into the routine activities of the public health system could reduce such costs...