Stephen W Hwang

Summary

Publications

  1. pmc Is "appearing chronically ill" a sign of poor health? A study of diagnostic accuracy
    Shail Rawal
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 8:e79934. 2013
  2. pmc Ending homelessness among people with mental illness: the At Home/Chez Soi randomized trial of a Housing First intervention in Toronto
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St, Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8, Canada
    BMC Public Health 12:787. 2012
  3. pmc Effectiveness of interventions to improve the health and housing status of homeless people: a rapid systematic review
    Donna Fitzpatrick-Lewis
    The Effective Public Health Practice Project, School of Nursing, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
    BMC Public Health 11:638. 2011
  4. doi The health and housing in transition study: a longitudinal study of the health of homeless and vulnerably housed adults in three Canadian cities
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre at the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON, M5B 1W8, Canada
    Int J Public Health 56:609-23. 2011
  5. pmc Chronic pain among homeless persons: characteristics, treatment, and barriers to management
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St, Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 12:73. 2011
  6. pmc Health status, quality of life, residential stability, substance use, and health care utilization among adults applying to a supportive housing program
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Urban Health 88:1076-90. 2011
  7. doi Hospital costs and length of stay among homeless patients admitted to medical, surgical, and psychiatric services
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Care 49:350-4. 2011
  8. pmc Is looking older than one's actual age a sign of poor health?
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8, Canada
    J Gen Intern Med 26:136-41. 2011
  9. pmc Universal health insurance and health care access for homeless persons
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Public Health 100:1454-61. 2010
  10. pmc The effect of traumatic brain injury on the health of homeless people
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 179:779-84. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. pmc Is "appearing chronically ill" a sign of poor health? A study of diagnostic accuracy
    Shail Rawal
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 8:e79934. 2013
    ..To determine the sensitivity and specificity of a physician's assessment that a patient "appears chronically ill" for the detection of poor health status...
  2. pmc Ending homelessness among people with mental illness: the At Home/Chez Soi randomized trial of a Housing First intervention in Toronto
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St, Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8, Canada
    BMC Public Health 12:787. 2012
    ..The objectives of this paper are to examine the approach to participant recruitment and community engagement at the Toronto site of the AH/CS Project, and to describe the baseline demographics of participants in Toronto...
  3. pmc Effectiveness of interventions to improve the health and housing status of homeless people: a rapid systematic review
    Donna Fitzpatrick-Lewis
    The Effective Public Health Practice Project, School of Nursing, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
    BMC Public Health 11:638. 2011
    ..This rapid review examines recent evidence regarding interventions that have been shown to improve the health of homeless people, with particular focus on the effect of these interventions on housing status...
  4. doi The health and housing in transition study: a longitudinal study of the health of homeless and vulnerably housed adults in three Canadian cities
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre at the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON, M5B 1W8, Canada
    Int J Public Health 56:609-23. 2011
    ..This paper discusses the HHiT study methodological recruitment strategies and follow-up procedures, including a discussion of the limitations and challenges experienced to date...
  5. pmc Chronic pain among homeless persons: characteristics, treatment, and barriers to management
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St, Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 12:73. 2011
    ....
  6. pmc Health status, quality of life, residential stability, substance use, and health care utilization among adults applying to a supportive housing program
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Urban Health 88:1076-90. 2011
    ..Nonetheless, this study shows that highly disadvantaged individuals with a high prevalence of poor physical and mental health and substance use can achieve stable housing...
  7. doi Hospital costs and length of stay among homeless patients admitted to medical, surgical, and psychiatric services
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Care 49:350-4. 2011
    ..This study compares hospitalization costs for homeless and housed patients, with and without adjustment for patient and service characteristics...
  8. pmc Is looking older than one's actual age a sign of poor health?
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8, Canada
    J Gen Intern Med 26:136-41. 2011
    ..This practice suggests an implicit assumption that patients who appear older than their actual age are more likely to be in poor health...
  9. pmc Universal health insurance and health care access for homeless persons
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Public Health 100:1454-61. 2010
    ..We examined the extent of unmet needs and barriers to accessing health care among homeless people within a universal health insurance system...
  10. pmc The effect of traumatic brain injury on the health of homeless people
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 179:779-84. 2008
    ..We sought to determine the lifetime prevalence of traumatic brain injury and its association with current health conditions in a representative sample of homeless people in Toronto, Ontario...
  11. pmc Predictors of medical or surgical and psychiatric hospitalizations among a population-based cohort of homeless adults
    Catharine Chambers
    Catharine Chambers, Shirley Chiu, and Stephen W Hwang are with the Centre for Research on Inner City Health, part of the Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute at St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario Marko Katic and Alex Kiss are with the Department of Research Design and Biostatistics, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto Donald A Redelmeier is with the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto Wendy Levinson is with the Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto
    Am J Public Health 103:S380-8. 2013
    ..We identified factors associated with inpatient hospitalizations among a population-based cohort of homeless adults in Toronto, Ontario...
  12. pmc A comprehensive assessment of health care utilization among homeless adults under a system of universal health insurance
    Stephen W Hwang
    Stephen W Hwang, Catharine Chambers, and Shirley Chiu are with the Centre for Research on Inner City Health, part of the Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute at St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario Marko Katic and Alex Kiss are with the Department of Research Design and Biostatistics, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto Donald A Redelmeier is with the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto Wendy Levinson is with the Department of Medicine, University of Toronto
    Am J Public Health 103:S294-301. 2013
    ..We comprehensively assessed health care utilization in a population-based sample of homeless adults and matched controls under a universal health insurance system...
  13. pmc High utilizers of emergency health services in a population-based cohort of homeless adults
    Catharine Chambers
    Catharine Chambers, Shirley Chiu, and Stephen W Hwang are with the Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario Marko Katic and Alex Kiss are with the Department of Research Design and Biostatistics, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto Donald A Redelmeier is with the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto Wendy Levinson is with the Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto
    Am J Public Health 103:S302-10. 2013
    ..We identified predictors of emergency department (ED) use among a population-based prospective cohort of homeless adults in Toronto, Ontario...
  14. ncbi Direct and indirect effects of perceived social support on health-related quality of life in persons living with HIV/AIDS
    Tsegaye Bekele
    The Ontario HIV Treatment Network, Toronto, Canada
    AIDS Care 25:337-46. 2013
    ..01), mediated by depressive symptoms. Interventions that enhance social support have the potential to contribute to better HRQOL either directly or indirectly by decreasing the deleterious effect of depressive symptoms on HRQOL...
  15. pmc Drug problems among homeless individuals in Toronto, Canada: prevalence, drugs of choice, and relation to health status
    Michelle N Grinman
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St, Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Public Health 10:94. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of drug use among a representative sample of homeless individuals and to examine the association between drug problems and physical and mental health status...
  16. pmc Housing characteristics and their influence on health-related quality of life in persons living with HIV in Ontario, Canada: results from the positive spaces, healthy places study
    Sean B Rourke
    The Ontario HIV Treatment Network, 600 1300 Yonge St, Toronto, ON, M4T 1X3, Canada
    AIDS Behav 16:2361-73. 2012
    ..Interventions that enhance housing affordability and housing satisfaction may help improve health-related quality of life of people living with HIV...
  17. ncbi Low rates of cervical cancer screening among urban immigrants: a population-based study in Ontario, Canada
    Aisha K Lofters
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Med Care 48:611-8. 2010
    ....
  18. pmc Moving from rhetoric to reality: adapting Housing First for homeless individuals with mental illness from ethno-racial groups
    Vicky Stergiopoulos
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St, Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1 W8, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:345. 2012
    ..This paper presents the findings of an early implementation and fidelity evaluation of the HF ER-ICM program, supplemented by participant narrative interviews to inform our understanding of the HF ER-ICM program theory...
  19. pmc Predictors of low cervical cancer screening among immigrant women in Ontario, Canada
    Aisha K Lofters
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Womens Health 11:20. 2011
    ..This study aimed to determine how predictors of low cervical cancer screening, reflective of sociodemographics, the health care system, and migration, varied by region of origin for Ontario's immigrant women...
  20. pmc Mortality among residents of shelters, rooming houses, and hotels in Canada: 11 year follow-up study
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    BMJ 339:b4036. 2009
    ..To examine mortality in a representative nationwide sample of homeless and marginally housed people living in shelters, rooming houses, and hotels...
  21. ncbi Housing as a socio-economic determinant of health: findings of a national needs, gaps and opportunities assessment
    James R Dunn
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 97:S11-5, S12-7. 2006
    ..Recent reviews of the literature point to a dearth of research on the socio-economic dimensions of housing and health, despite its potential for promoting health...
  22. pmc Access to primary health care among homeless adults in Toronto, Canada: results from the Street Health survey
    Erika Khandor
    Toronto Public Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Open Med 5:e94-e103. 2011
    ..We investigated access to primary health care among a representative sample of homeless adults in Toronto, Canada...
  23. pmc Multidimensional social support and the health of homeless individuals
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Urban Health 86:791-803. 2009
    ..g., social capital) and their influence on the health of homeless individuals...
  24. doi Infectious disease exposures and contact tracing in homeless shelters
    Stephen W Hwang
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 19:1163-7. 2008
    ..At the onset of a serious outbreak, it may be desirable to institute policies that strongly encourage individuals to remain at their current shelter for the duration of the outbreak...
  25. pmc Homelessness and the response to emerging infectious disease outbreaks: lessons from SARS
    Cheryl S Leung
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5B 1W8, Canada
    J Urban Health 85:402-10. 2008
    ..The Toronto SARS experience provided insights that are relevant to response planning for future outbreaks in cities with substantial numbers of homeless individuals...
  26. pmc Substance use and access to health care and addiction treatment among homeless and vulnerably housed persons in three Canadian cities
    Anita Palepu
    Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    PLoS ONE 8:e75133. 2013
    ....
  27. ncbi A community-based intervention to increase screening mammography among disadvantaged women at an inner-city drop-in center
    Robert K Heyding
    Leaside Health Centre and the Department of Family and Community Medicine, Toronto, ON, M4G 4E4, Canada
    Women Health 41:21-31. 2005
    ..To determine the effectiveness of a community- based intervention to increase the use of screening mammography among disadvantaged women at an inner-city drop-in center...
  28. doi Clarifying the link between traumatic brain injury and homelessness: workshop proceedings
    Jane Topolovec-Vranic
    Trauma and Neurosurgery Program and Keenan Research Center of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto
    Brain Inj 27:1600-5. 2013
    ..To disseminate the proceedings of a 1-day multidisciplinary stakeholder workshop aimed at examining the inter-relationship between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and homelessness...
  29. ncbi The effects of housing status on health-related outcomes in people living with HIV: a systematic review of the literature
    Chad A Leaver
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    AIDS Behav 11:85-100. 2007
    ....
  30. ncbi Inequalities in determinants of health among Aboriginal and Caucasian persons living with HIV/AIDS in Ontario: results from the Positive Spaces, Healthy Places Study
    Laverne E Monette
    Ontario Aboriginal HIV AIDS Strategy, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 102:215-9. 2011
    ..This study sought to understand the differences in the determinants of health and housing-related characteristics between samples of Aboriginal and Caucasian adults living with HIV/AIDS in Ontario...
  31. ncbi Interventions to improve the health of the homeless: a systematic review
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 29:311-9. 2005
    ..Homelessness is a widespread problem in the United States. The primary goal of this systematic review is to provide guidance in the development and organization of programs to improve the health of homeless people...
  32. ncbi The relationship between housing conditions and health status of rooming house residents in Toronto
    Stephen W Hwang
    Inner City Health Research Unit, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond St, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8
    Can J Public Health 94:436-40. 2003
    ..Rooming houses are an important source of housing for low-income Canadians. Little information is available on the relationship between housing conditions and health status in this vulnerable population...
  33. ncbi Is homelessness hazardous to your health? Obstacles to the demonstration of a causal relationship
    Stephen W Hwang
    Inner City Health Research Unit, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 93:407-10. 2002
    ..Homeless people suffer from high levels of morbidity and mortality, but there is surprisingly little empiric evidence that homelessness has a direct adverse effect on health...
  34. pmc A cross-sectional observational study of unmet health needs among homeless and vulnerably housed adults in three Canadian cities
    Niran Argintaru
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St, Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    BMC Public Health 13:577. 2013
    ....
  35. pmc Factors associated with poor mental health status among homeless women with and without dependent children
    Catharine Chambers
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON, M5B 1W8, Canada
    Community Ment Health J 50:553-9. 2014
    ..Efforts to improve mental health in this population will need to address the associated problems of victimization, substance abuse, and lack of social supports. ..
  36. pmc Risk of death among homeless women: a cohort study and review of the literature
    Angela M Cheung
    Women s Health Program, University Health Network, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 170:1243-7. 2004
    ..We also compare our results with those of other published studies of homeless women and with data for women in the general population...
  37. pmc Traumatic brain injury among people who are homeless: a systematic review
    Jane Topolovec-Vranic
    Trauma and Neurosurgery Program, Keenan Research Center of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St, Michael s Hospital Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, 30 Bond Street, Bond 3 012, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada
    BMC Public Health 12:1059. 2012
    ..The objective of this systematic review was to review the current state of the literature on TBI and homelessness in order to identify knowledge gaps and direct future research...
  38. pmc Homeless people's perceptions of welcomeness and unwelcomeness in healthcare encounters
    Chuck K Wen
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Gen Intern Med 22:1011-7. 2007
    ..Homeless people face many barriers to obtaining health care, and their attitudes toward seeking health care services may be shaped in part by previous encounters with health care providers...
  39. pmc What happens to patients who leave hospital against medical advice?
    Stephen W Hwang
    Inner City Health Research Unit and the Division of General Internal Medicine, St Michael s Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, ON
    CMAJ 168:417-20. 2003
    ..Patients who leave hospital against medical advice (AMA) may be at risk of adverse health outcomes and readmission. In this study we examined rates of readmission and predictors of readmission among patients leaving hospital AMA...
  40. doi Cervical cancer screening among urban immigrants by region of origin: a population-based cohort study
    Aisha K Lofters
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Prev Med 51:509-16. 2010
    ..We compared the prevalence of appropriate cervical cancer screening among screening-eligible immigrant women from major geographic regions of the world and native-born women...
  41. ncbi Dental health of homeless adults in Toronto, Canada
    Rafael L F Figueiredo
    Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Public Health Dent 73:74-8. 2013
    ..This study aimed to assess the oral health status of the Toronto adult homeless population; to learn how they perceive their own oral health; and to correlate the presence of oral disease with length of homelessness and unemployment...
  42. pmc The effect of socioeconomic status on access to primary care: an audit study
    Michelle E Olah
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre at the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 185:E263-9. 2013
    ..We sought to determine whether socioeconomic status affects the response a patient receives when seeking a primary care appointment...
  43. pmc Population mortality during the outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome in Toronto
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Public Health 7:93. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to determine if the period of these infection control measures was associated with changes in overall population mortality due to causes other than SARS...
  44. pmc Bed bug infestations in an urban environment
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:533-8. 2005
    ..At 1 affected shelter, 4% of residents reported having bed bug bites. Bed bug infestations can have an adverse effect on health and quality of life in the general population, particularly among homeless persons living in shelters...
  45. ncbi Dyspepsia in homeless adults
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Gastroenterol 40:416-20. 2006
    ..To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for dyspepsia in a representative sample of homeless persons using shelters in Toronto, Canada...
  46. pmc Methodological, practical, and ethical challenges to inner-city health research
    Ahmed M Bayoumi
    Inner City Health Research Unit, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Urban Health 79:S35-42. 2002
    ..Throughout the research endeavor, the inner-city health researcher must carefully balance the roles of investigator, advocate, activist, and caregiver...
  47. pmc Homelessness and harm reduction
    Stephen W Hwang
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 174:50-1. 2006
  48. pmc Does social disadvantage affect the validity of self-report for cervical cancer screening?
    Aisha K Lofters
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto Department of Family and Community Medicine, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, Toronto
    Int J Womens Health 5:29-33. 2013
    ....
  49. ncbi After insurance issues are settled
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital and Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8, Canada
    Ann Intern Med 145:150-1. 2006
  50. ncbi Age- and sex-specific income gradients in alcohol-related hospitalization rates in an urban area
    Stephen W Hwang
    Inner City Health Research Unit, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Epidemiol 15:56-63. 2005
    ..This study examines the effects of age and sex on the relationship between neighborhood income and alcohol-related hospitalization rates in a large urban area...
  51. pmc The effect of illustrations on patient comprehension of medication instruction labels
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 6:26. 2005
    ..The goal of this study was to determine whether the addition of illustrations to these labels affects patient comprehension...
  52. ncbi Risk factors for cardiovascular disease in homeless adults
    Tony C Lee
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Circulation 111:2629-35. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to examine cardiovascular risk factors in a representative sample of homeless adults and identify opportunities for improved risk factor modification...
  53. pmc Homeless people's trust and interactions with police and paramedics
    Tanya L Zakrison
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Urban Health 81:596-605. 2004
    ..Further research is needed for objective characterization of homeless people's interactions with police officers and the potential health implications of low levels of trust in the police...
  54. pmc Active tuberculosis among homeless persons, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 1998-2007
    Kamran Khan
    St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:357-65. 2011
    ..The rise in foreign-born homeless persons with TB strains likely acquired overseas suggests that the risk for drug-resistant strains entering the homeless shelter system may be escalating...
  55. ncbi Creating the right evidence for system change
    Kenneth Lam
    Kenneth Lam, Bsc, is a Keenan research summer student at the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, in Toronto, Ontario and a medical student at Western University, in London, Ontario
    Healthc Q 16:22-6. 2013
    ..They then describe what must be done to make similar trials a regular tool of healthcare policy. ..
  56. doi Why do homeless people use a mobile health unit in a country with universal health care?
    Ciara Whelan
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Prim Care Community Health 1:78-82. 2010
    ..7%) participants. The findings suggest that in a country with universal health insurance, MHUs supplement other sources of health care, providing essential supplies and offering important outreach services to a high-needs population. ..
  57. ncbi The assessment of food security in homeless individuals: a comparison of the Food Security Survey Module and the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale
    Anna C Holland
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Michael s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8, Canada
    Public Health Nutr 14:2254-9. 2011
    ....
  58. pmc The At Home/Chez Soi trial protocol: a pragmatic, multi-site, randomised controlled trial of a Housing First intervention for homeless individuals with mental illness in five Canadian cities
    Paula N Goering
    Department of Psychiatry, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    BMJ Open 1:e000323. 2011
    ..Trial registration number This study has been registered with the International Standard Randomised Control Trial Number Register and assigned ISRCTN42520374...