Sándor Hornok


Country: Hungary


  1. Hornok S, Murányi D, Kontschán J, Tu V. Description of the male and the larva of Ixodes collaris Hornok, 2016 with drawings of all stages. Parasit Vectors. 2019;12:144 pubmed publisher
    ..vespertilionis). Several features allow to distinguish the male and the larva of I. collaris morphologically from those of other bat-associated ixodid tick species. ..
  2. Hornok S, Szoke K, Meli M, Sándor A, Görföl T, Estók P, et al. Molecular detection of vector-borne bacteria in bat ticks (Acari: Ixodidae, Argasidae) from eight countries of the Old and New Worlds. Parasit Vectors. 2019;12:50 pubmed publisher
    ..Bat haemoplasmas, which are closely related to haemoplasmas previously identified in bats in Spain and to "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemohominis", are reported here for the first time from Central Europe and from any bat tick. ..
  3. Hornok S, Grima A, Takács N, Kontschán J. Infestation of Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato on cats in Malta. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2018;9:1120-1124 pubmed publisher
    ..sanguineus s.l., even in the absence of dogs. This finding has veterinary-medical significance, because stray cats and free-roaming cats may transport immature stages of R. sanguineus s.l. into gardens, i.e. near dogs and humans. ..
  4. Rosa R, Andreo V, Tagliapietra V, Baráková I, Arnoldi D, Hauffe H, et al. Effect of Climate and Land Use on the Spatio-Temporal Variability of Tick-Borne Bacteria in Europe. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15: pubmed publisher
  5. Hornok S, Horvath G, Takács N, Kontschán J, Szoke K, Farkas R. Molecular identification of badger-associated Babesia sp. DNA in dogs: updated phylogeny of piroplasms infecting Caniformia. Parasit Vectors. 2018;11:235 pubmed publisher
    ..The above results suggest that "Babesia sp. Meles-Hu1" should be added to the range of piroplasms, which are naturally capable of infecting hosts from different families of Caniformia. ..
  6. Hornok S, Beck R, Farkas R, Grima A, Otranto D, Kontschán J, et al. High mitochondrial sequence divergence in synanthropic flea species (Insecta: Siphonaptera) from Europe and the Mediterranean. Parasit Vectors. 2018;11:221 pubmed publisher
    ..Although the present results are limited (especially in the case of L. segnis and N. fasciatus), there appears to be no geographical or host restriction, which could explain the divergence of these genetic lineages. ..
  7. Sándor A, Kontschán J, Plantard O, Péter Á, Hornok S. Illustrated redescription of the male of Ixodes simplex Neumann, 1906. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2018;9:1328-1330 pubmed publisher
    ..simplex males are considerably shorter than in males of the other two species (2.7-3.3 mm vs. 7-10 mm). The description is completed with high-quality pictures highlighting all the mentioned features. ..
  8. Hornok S, Horvath G, Takács N, Farkas R, Szoke K, Kontschán J. Molecular evidence of a badger-associated Ehrlichia sp., a Candidatus Neoehrlichia lotoris-like genotype and Anaplasma marginale in dogs. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2018;9:1302-1309 pubmed publisher
    ..and a Candidatus N. lotoris-like agent. The presence of DNA in the blood of relevant animals may also indicate susceptibility to these bacteria, but in support of this, further studies are needed. ..
  9. Hornok S, Sugár L, Fernandez de Mera I, De La Fuente J, Horvath G, Kovacs T, et al. Tick- and fly-borne bacteria in ungulates: the prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, haemoplasmas and rickettsiae in water buffalo and deer species in Central Europe, Hungary. BMC Vet Res. 2018;14:98 pubmed publisher
    ..Evaluated animals with larger body size had significantly higher prevalence of infection with haemoplasmas compared to smaller deer species. The above host species rarely carried rickettsiae. ..

More Information


  1. Hornok S, Szoke K, Estók P, Krawczyk A, Haarsma A, Kováts D, et al. Assessing bat droppings and predatory bird pellets for vector-borne bacteria: molecular evidence of bat-associated Neorickettsia sp. in Europe. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2018;111:1707-1717 pubmed publisher
    ..tularensis, C. burnetii and Chlamydiales. Testing of bird pellets may provide an alternative approach to trapping for assessing the local occurrence of vector-borne bacteria in small mammals. ..
  2. Hornok S, Sándor A, Beck R, Farkas R, Beati L, Kontschán J, et al. Contributions to the phylogeny of Ixodes (Pholeoixodes) canisuga, I. (Ph.) kaiseri, I. (Ph.) hexagonus and a simple pictorial key for the identification of their females. Parasit Vectors. 2017;10:545 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analyses suggest that the subgenus Pholeoixodes is not monophyletic: either the subgenus Eschatocephalus should be included in Pholeoixodes, or the latter subgenus should be divided, which is a task for future studies. ..
  3. Hornok S, Kováts D, Angyal D, Dányi L, Kovacs R, Kontschán J. Description of the male and the larva of Ixodes ariadnae Hornok, 2014. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2016;7:1252-1255 pubmed publisher
    ..vespertilionis has narrower palps and posteriorly triangular scutum) and I. simplex (of which the male and the larva have considerably shorter legs, palps). ..
  4. Hornok S, Sugár L, Horvath G, Kovacs T, Micsutka A, Gönczi E, et al. Evidence for host specificity of Theileria capreoli genotypes in cervids. Parasit Vectors. 2017;10:473 pubmed publisher
    ..capreoli was also detected in one mouflon. No Babesia spp. were identified. In conclusion, in the evaluated region, genotypes of T. capreoli show host-associations among cervids, and at least one of these genotypes may infect mouflons. ..
  5. Hornok S, Szoke K, Boldogh S, Sándor A, Kontschán J, Tu V, et al. Phylogenetic analyses of bat-associated bugs (Hemiptera: Cimicidae: Cimicinae and Cacodminae) indicate two new species close to Cimex lectularius. Parasit Vectors. 2017;10:439 pubmed publisher
    ..lectularius with different bat host species (pipistrelloid vs myotine bats) should be evaluated further as a possible background factor of this genetic divergence. In addition, Ca. ignotus is reported for the first time in South Africa. ..
  6. Hornok S, Szőke K, Görföl T, Földvári G, Tu V, Takács N, et al. Molecular investigations of the bat tick Argas vespertilionis (Ixodida: Argasidae) and Babesia vesperuginis (Apicomplexa: Piroplasmida) reflect "bat connection" between Central Europe and Central Asia. Exp Appl Acarol. 2017;72:69-77 pubmed publisher
    ..vespertilionis and B. vesperuginis suggest a genetic link of bat parasites between Central Europe and Central Asia, which is epidemiologically relevant in the context of any pathogens associated with bats. ..
  7. Flaisz B, Sulyok K, Kováts D, Kontschán J, CsörgÅ‘ T, Csipak Ã, et al. Babesia genotypes in Haemaphysalis concinna collected from birds in Hungary reflect phylogeographic connections with Siberia and the Far East. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2017;8:666-670 pubmed publisher
  8. Estrada Peña A, D Amico G, Palomar A, Dupraz M, Fonville M, Heylen D, et al. A comparative test of ixodid tick identification by a network of European researchers. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2017;8:540-546 pubmed publisher
    ..Results also showed that a combination of certain genes may adequately identify the target species of ticks. ..
  9. Hornok S, Szoke K, Tu V, Kontschán J, Takács N, Sándor A, et al. Mitochondrial gene heterogeneity of the bat soft tick Argas vespertilionis (Ixodida: Argasidae) in the Palaearctic. Parasit Vectors. 2017;10:109 pubmed publisher
    ..The broad host range of A. vespertilionis might partly explain its lower degree of mitochondrial gene heterogeneity in comparison with ixodid bat tick species over the same geographical region of Eurasia. ..
  10. Hornok S, Trauttwein K, Takács N, HodŽić A, Duscher G, Kontschán J. Molecular analysis of Ixodes rugicollis, Candidatus Neoehrlichia sp. (FU98) and a novel Babesia genotype from a European badger (Meles meles). Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2017;8:41-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Ca. Neoehrlichia sp. (FU98) was identified for the first time in M. meles and in Hungary. In addition, a molecularly previously not yet characterized Babesia genotype occurs in badgers in Central Europe. ..
  11. Hornok S, Ágh N, Takács N, Kontschán J, Hofmann Lehmann R. Haematospirillum and insect Wolbachia DNA in avian blood. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2018;111:479-483 pubmed publisher
  12. Hornok S, Sándor A, Tomanović S, Beck R, D Amico G, Kontschán J, et al. East and west separation of Rhipicephalus sanguineus mitochondrial lineages in the Mediterranean Basin. Parasit Vectors. 2017;10:39 pubmed publisher
    ..The phylogenetic relationships of eastern and western African ticks, which align with R. leporis, need to be studied further within R. sanguineus (s.l.) ("tropical lineage"). ..
  13. Hornok S, Wang Y, Otranto D, Keskin A, Lia R, Kontschán J, et al. Phylogenetic analysis of Haemaphysalis erinacei Pavesi, 1884 (Acari: Ixodidae) from China, Turkey, Italy and Romania. Parasit Vectors. 2016;9:643 pubmed
    ..Therefore, the taxonomic status of the subspecies of H. erinacei needs to be revised based on a larger number of specimens collected throughout its geographical range. ..