William S Helton

Summary

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Exceptional running skill in dogs requires extensive experience
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    J Gen Psychol 136:323-32. 2009
  2. doi request reprint Global interference and spatial uncertainty in the Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART)
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Conscious Cogn 19:77-85. 2010
  3. doi request reprint Increased attentiveness is associated with hemispheric asymmetry measured with lateral tympanic membrane temperature in humans and dogs
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Exp Brain Res 219:321-6. 2012
  4. ncbi request reprint The development of expertise: animal models?
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, Wilmington College, OH 45177, USA
    J Gen Psychol 131:86-96. 2004
  5. doi request reprint Dissociative tendencies and right-hemisphere processing load: effects on vigilance performance
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Conscious Cogn 20:696-702. 2011
  6. doi request reprint Cephalic index and perceived dog trainability
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8020, New Zealand
    Behav Processes 82:355-8. 2009
  7. doi request reprint Conscious thought and the sustained attention to response task
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Conscious Cogn 18:600-7. 2009
  8. doi request reprint Stress state mediation between environmental variables and performance: the case of noise and vigilance
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 130:204-13. 2009
  9. doi request reprint Tympanic membrane temperature, exposure to emotional stimuli and the sustained attention to response task
    William S Helton
    Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 31:611-6. 2009
  10. doi request reprint Impulsive responding and the sustained attention to response task
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 31:39-47. 2009

Detail Information

Publications45

  1. doi request reprint Exceptional running skill in dogs requires extensive experience
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    J Gen Psychol 136:323-32. 2009
    ..The author discusses the benefit of future research on motor-skill acquisition in nonhuman athletes...
  2. doi request reprint Global interference and spatial uncertainty in the Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART)
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Conscious Cogn 19:77-85. 2010
    ..The results, overall, support the view that the SART is a better measure of response strategy than lapses in sustained attention or mindlessness...
  3. doi request reprint Increased attentiveness is associated with hemispheric asymmetry measured with lateral tympanic membrane temperature in humans and dogs
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Exp Brain Res 219:321-6. 2012
    ..There was no discernable relationship between hyperactivity and lateralized T(Ty). Differences in T(Ty) may be an useful tool for investigating species comparisons of cerebral lateralization...
  4. ncbi request reprint The development of expertise: animal models?
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, Wilmington College, OH 45177, USA
    J Gen Psychol 131:86-96. 2004
    ..Nonhuman animal expertise development, unlike human expertise development, is subject to direct experimentation. The author thus recommends that researchers use nonhuman animals in their studies of expertise...
  5. doi request reprint Dissociative tendencies and right-hemisphere processing load: effects on vigilance performance
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Conscious Cogn 20:696-702. 2011
    ..As both the vigilance task and negative picture processing are right lateralized, this result provides support for a right-hemisphere dysfunction in high dissociators, at least in negative conditions...
  6. doi request reprint Cephalic index and perceived dog trainability
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8020, New Zealand
    Behav Processes 82:355-8. 2009
    ..Dog breeds rated as highly trainable are instead mesocephalic, morphological generalists. Looking trainable in dogs may reflect differences in physical morphology...
  7. doi request reprint Conscious thought and the sustained attention to response task
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Conscious Cogn 18:600-7. 2009
    ..Overall, the results support the view that the SART is a better measure of impulsive responding than sustained attention...
  8. doi request reprint Stress state mediation between environmental variables and performance: the case of noise and vigilance
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 130:204-13. 2009
    ..Moreover, structural equation model analyses were used to examine stress state mediation between the experimental variables and performance. These analyses indicated Engagement mediates between noise and vigilance performance...
  9. doi request reprint Tympanic membrane temperature, exposure to emotional stimuli and the sustained attention to response task
    William S Helton
    Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 31:611-6. 2009
    ..This result is consistent with previous findings indicating right cerebral dominance of negative emotional processing. Overall, these results support TMT as a useful and very cost effective index of cerebral lateralization...
  10. doi request reprint Impulsive responding and the sustained attention to response task
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 31:39-47. 2009
    ..Overall the results indicate that the SART is sensitive to impulsive responding...
  11. doi request reprint Signal salience and the mindlessness theory of vigilance
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Drive, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 129:18-25. 2008
    ..The results support a resource theory perspective in regards to the vigilance decrement and are in contradiction to the mindlessness theory in regards to the vigilance decrement...
  12. ncbi request reprint Animal expertise, conscious or not
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, Wilmington College, Wilmington, OH 45177, USA
    Anim Cogn 8:67-74. 2005
    ..Acknowledging some animals as experts, regardless of consciousness, is warranted by the research findings and would prove useful in solving many issues remaining in the human expertise literature...
  13. ncbi request reprint Signal regularity and the mindlessness model of vigilance
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
    Br J Psychol 96:249-61. 2005
    ..Such expectations enhance performance on the traditional vigilance task, but degrade performance on the modified task...
  14. ncbi request reprint Deliberate practice in dogs: a canine model of expertise
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Dr, Houghton MI 49931, USA
    J Gen Psychol 134:247-57. 2007
    ..The author found there was a statistically significant relationship between the amount of deliberate practice and measured performance in agility dogs, even when controlling for sex, breed group, age, and height...
  15. ncbi request reprint Expertise acquisition as sustained learning in humans and other animals: commonalities across species
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Dr, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
    Anim Cogn 11:99-107. 2008
    ..The peak of performance was reached, in all cases, before the average age of death but well after reaching physical maturity and the percentage of lifespan devoted to the skill was more than 10% of the species-typical lifespan...
  16. ncbi request reprint The abbreviated vigilance task and cerebral hemodynamics
    William S Helton
    Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 29:545-52. 2007
    ..This latter finding does not match the physiological changes detected in long-duration vigils...
  17. ncbi request reprint Skill in expert dogs
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 13:171-8. 2007
    ....
  18. doi request reprint Effects of warned and unwarned demand transitions on vigilance performance and stress
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
    Anxiety Stress Coping 21:173-84. 2008
    ..A dynamic model of performance stress may be necessary and research employing vigilance tasks in the future may be useful for developing this performance-stress model...
  19. doi request reprint Cerebral lateralization of vigilance: a function of task difficulty
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Neuropsychologia 48:1683-8. 2010
    ..Unilateral hemispheric activation in vigilance may be a result of employing relatively easy/simple tasks, not vigilance per se...
  20. doi request reprint Post-disaster depression and vigilance: a functional near-infrared spectroscopy study
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Exp Brain Res 226:357-62. 2013
    ..Including the case there was a correlation between depressivity and right hemisphere oxygenation. These results provide some support for a relationship between moderate depressivity and sustained attention difficulties...
  21. doi request reprint Text-speak processing and the sustained attention to response task
    James Head
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Exp Brain Res 216:103-11. 2012
    ....
  22. doi request reprint Does perceived trainability of dog (Canis lupus familiaris) breeds reflect differences in learning or differences in physical ability?
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8020, New Zealand Deak
    Behav Processes 83:315-23. 2010
    ..Overall, the results of these studies are more supportive of a physical capability interpretation of perceived breed differences in trainability, than a more cognitive interpretation...
  23. doi request reprint Brief mental breaks and content-free cues may not keep you focused
    William S Helton
    University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
    Exp Brain Res 219:37-46. 2012
    ....
  24. doi request reprint Search asymmetry, sustained attention, and response inhibition
    Hugh Stevenson
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Brain Cogn 77:215-22. 2011
    ..Overall, the results suggest the SART places high response inhibition, not necessarily sustained attention, demands on participants...
  25. doi request reprint Reliable- and unreliable-warning cues in the Sustained Attention to Response Task
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Exp Brain Res 209:401-7. 2011
    ..These results, overall, support the view that the SART is primarily a measure of response strategy, not sustained attention per se...
  26. doi request reprint Target predictability, sustained attention, and response inhibition
    Leonie Carter
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Brain Cogn 82:35-42. 2013
    ..Elevated levels of task-related thoughts during the SART format condition in comparison to the TFT condition does not appear to be in accord with the claim that the SART induces mindlessness...
  27. doi request reprint The effects of emotional stimuli on target detection: indirect and direct resource costs
    Ulrike Ossowski
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Conscious Cogn 20:1649-58. 2011
    ..These results provide support for indirect cost models of negative emotional stimuli on target detection performance...
  28. doi request reprint Feature absence-presence and two theories of lapses of sustained attention
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Psychol Res 75:384-92. 2011
    ..The decrement was more pronounced with the targets more analogous to a feature absent search. Overall, the results of both studies support a resource theory of sustained attention lapses, not the mindlessness theory...
  29. ncbi request reprint The effects of arousing negative and neutral picture stimuli on target detection in a vigilance task
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Hum Factors 53:132-41. 2011
    ....
  30. doi request reprint The relationship between lateral differences in tympanic membrane temperature and behavioral impulsivity
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Brain Cogn 74:75-8. 2010
    ..This finding is in line with previous research and theory indicating a hemispheric bias for active and passive behavior. T(Ty) may be a useful addition to the techniques employed by neuropsychologists...
  31. doi request reprint Visuospatial and verbal working memory load: effects on visuospatial vigilance
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Exp Brain Res 224:429-36. 2013
    ..There may, however, be domain specific interference, and this may be exacerbated for two visuospatial tasks...
  32. doi request reprint Natural scene stimuli and lapses of sustained attention
    James Head
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, New Zealand
    Conscious Cogn 21:1617-25. 2012
    ..Participants thought the task was demanding and they were actively engaged with the task. Overall, the results of both studies support a resource theory of sustained attention lapses, not a mindlessness theory...
  33. doi request reprint Sustained attention to local and global target features is different: performance and tympanic membrane temperature
    William S Helton
    Department of Cognitive and Learning Sciences, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
    Brain Cogn 71:9-13. 2009
    ..Both the performance and physiological results of this study indicate increased cognitive fatigue when global feature discriminations are required...
  34. doi request reprint Performance constraints in strength events in dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8020, New Zealand
    Behav Processes 86:149-51. 2011
    ..Morphological trade-offs between power and running ability may be an important constraint on the evolution of canines and other terrestrial vertebrates...
  35. doi request reprint Working memory load and the vigilance decrement
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Exp Brain Res 212:429-37. 2011
    ..Overall, these results support the view that the vigilance decrement results from high cognitive resource demands (e.g., hard work), not from cognitive under-load (e.g., boredom or mindlessness)...
  36. ncbi request reprint Novel word processing
    James Head
    University of Canterbury, New Zealand
    Am J Psychol 126:323-33. 2013
    ....
  37. doi request reprint Dual-task performance during a climbing traverse
    Alexander L Green
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
    Exp Brain Res 215:307-13. 2011
    ..These results could be expanded on in future research to examine the physical and cognitive demands of high-angle climbing in greater detail...
  38. ncbi request reprint Earthquakes on the mind: implications of disasters for human performance
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
    Hum Factors 54:189-94. 2012
    ..The present study explored the impact a natural disaster has on human performance...
  39. doi request reprint Natural disaster induced cognitive disruption: impacts on action slips
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Conscious Cogn 20:1732-7. 2011
    ..Post-disaster assessments need to include the impact of the events directly on cognitive self-regulation and conscious thoughts, in addition to more clinical constructs, such as anxiety and depression...
  40. doi request reprint Physical size matters in the domestic dog's (Canis lupus familiaris) ability to use human pointing cues
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8020, New Zealand
    Behav Processes 85:77-9. 2010
    ..Larger dogs did perform better on this task than smaller dogs (P=.03). Researchers need to be careful when making comparisons between breeds to first consider physical differences before assuming any inherent cognitive differences...
  41. doi request reprint The effect of investigator gender on lateral tympanic membrane temperature
    William S Helton
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Laterality 16:156-63. 2011
    ..When measured by a male investigator, both male and female participants had similar right and left TMT. These lateral TMT results correspond with neuropsychological theories regarding threat appraisal...
  42. doi request reprint A functional near-infrared spectroscopy study of sustained attention to local and global target features
    Neil De Joux
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Brain Cogn 81:370-5. 2013
    ..Both the performance and physiological results of this study indicate increased utilization of bilateral cerebral resources with time-on-task in the local, but not the global discrimination vigil...
  43. doi request reprint Practice does not make perfect in a modified sustained attention to response task
    James Head
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Exp Brain Res 232:565-73. 2014
    ..Commission errors in the SART may be better measures of executive motor control and response strategy than perceptual decoupling. ..
  44. doi request reprint Perceptual decoupling or motor decoupling?
    James Head
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, New Zealand
    Conscious Cogn 22:913-9. 2013
    ..The results suggest that the majority of SART commission errors are likely to be indicators of motor decoupling not necessarily perceptual decoupling. ..
  45. doi request reprint Frontal cerebral oxygen response as an indicator of initial attention effort during perceptual learning
    Michael Ong
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Exp Brain Res 229:571-8. 2013
    ..The initial spike in frontal oxygen response declined with time on task, perhaps due to shifts towards automaticity. The results suggest perceptual learning is influenced by individual differences in attention effort...