Geoffrey G Hallock

Summary

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The gracilis (medial circumflex femoral) perforator flap: a medial groin free flap?
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, 1230 S Cedar Crest Boulevard, Suite 306, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 51:623-6. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Venae comitantes as a source of vein grafts
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 23:219-23. 2007
  3. doi request reprint A paradigm shift in flap selection protocols for zones of the lower extremity using perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Divison of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 29:233-40. 2013
  4. doi request reprint The total pectoralis major muscle myocutaneous free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Divison of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 29:461-4. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Sequential bilateral breast reconstruction using a split solitary deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 28:573-5. 2012
  6. doi request reprint Delayed abdominal wall reconstruction of giant ventral hernias using the anterolateral thigh free flap for skin coverage
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 73:1028-30. 2012
  7. doi request reprint The emerging role of the direct cutaneous muscle perforator found arising from the muscle vessel hilum
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 28:549-54. 2012
  8. ncbi request reprint A paradigm shift for soft-tissue coverage of the zones of the abdominal wall using perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 130:590-9. 2012
  9. doi request reprint Partial failure of a muscle perforator free flap salvaged using its source vessel as a "flow-through" pedicle to a second perforator free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 26:509-12. 2010
  10. doi request reprint The island anterior intercostal artery perforator flap as another option for the difficult epigastric abdominal wound
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 63:414-7. 2009

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications65

  1. ncbi request reprint The gracilis (medial circumflex femoral) perforator flap: a medial groin free flap?
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, 1230 S Cedar Crest Boulevard, Suite 306, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 51:623-6. 2003
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Venae comitantes as a source of vein grafts
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 23:219-23. 2007
    ..By way of example, these can be venae comitantes of the free flap itself, or via salvage of parts using a vena comitans that accompanied a major limb source vessel...
  3. doi request reprint A paradigm shift in flap selection protocols for zones of the lower extremity using perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Divison of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 29:233-40. 2013
    ..Traditionally, local muscles have been used for the proximal lower extremity and free flaps for the distal leg and foot, but perforator flaps over the past decade have been shown to be a reliable alternative...
  4. doi request reprint The total pectoralis major muscle myocutaneous free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Divison of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 29:461-4. 2013
    ..Nevertheless, the total pectoralis major muscle myocutaneous flap may be the largest free flap available when the patient must be kept in a supine position and no perforator flaps are reasonably available. ..
  5. doi request reprint Sequential bilateral breast reconstruction using a split solitary deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 28:573-5. 2012
    ..This concept is here presented using a split deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap for sequential bilateral breast reconstruction...
  6. doi request reprint Delayed abdominal wall reconstruction of giant ventral hernias using the anterolateral thigh free flap for skin coverage
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 73:1028-30. 2012
    ..As with all perforator flaps, this ensures function preservation of the intrinsic abdominal muscles to provide a reliable solution to a difficult challenge...
  7. doi request reprint The emerging role of the direct cutaneous muscle perforator found arising from the muscle vessel hilum
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 28:549-54. 2012
    ..Any surgeon considering a muscle perforator flap must be aware of the possibility of this tripartite system and the advantages as well as limitations of each component...
  8. ncbi request reprint A paradigm shift for soft-tissue coverage of the zones of the abdominal wall using perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 130:590-9. 2012
    ..If additional vascularized tissue coverage following this reconstruction is imperative, knowledge of all potential flap alternatives to achieve this goal becomes critical to ensure healing and reduce the risk of recurrent hernia...
  9. doi request reprint Partial failure of a muscle perforator free flap salvaged using its source vessel as a "flow-through" pedicle to a second perforator free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 26:509-12. 2010
    ..In a metachronous fashion, this would represent a sequential chimeric perforator-based free flap and proves to be yet another inherent advantage of muscle perforator flaps...
  10. doi request reprint The island anterior intercostal artery perforator flap as another option for the difficult epigastric abdominal wound
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 63:414-7. 2009
    ....
  11. doi request reprint Branch-based conjoined perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 121:1642-9. 2008
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Comparison of TRAM and DIEP flap physiology in a rat model
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery and the Advanced Clinical Technologies Department, Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 114:1179-84. 2004
    ..183). In summary, relative flow to these rat ventral abdomen models was directly proportional to the number of retained musculocutaneous perforators, but a single perforator only could routinely allow near-total survival...
  13. doi request reprint Skin grafts and local flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, St Luke s Hospital, Bethlehem, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 127:5e-22e. 2011
    ..Whether one is a "reconstructive" or "aesthetic" plastic surgeon, knowledge of these basic tenets will ensure maintenance of competency...
  14. ncbi request reprint Sequential use of a true perforator flap and its corresponding muscle flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, 1230 S Cedar Crest Boulevard, Suite 306, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 51:617-20; discussion 621-2. 2003
    ..At least theoretically, depending on the extent of intramuscular dissection, another advantage that can be applied to all perforator flaps is that the muscle can be held in reserve for sequential use as necessary...
  15. ncbi request reprint The complete classification of flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Microsurgery 24:157-61. 2004
    ..Several examples are given to illustrate how the complete classification of every free flap can be possible in a reproducible and highly interpretable fashion...
  16. doi request reprint The vascular pedicle of the anterolateral thigh flap as an alternative recipient site for thigh free flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18103, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 24:131-6. 2008
    ..This has proven to be an invaluable resource as demonstrated in two clinical cases...
  17. doi request reprint The combined parascapular fasciocutaneous and latissimus dorsi muscle conjoined free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 121:101-7. 2008
    ..If the vascular pedicles are branches of a common source vessel, even more specifically this combination would be a "branch-based [common]" conjoined flap...
  18. ncbi request reprint Muscle perforator flaps: the name game
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, 1230 S Cedar Crest Boulevard, Suite 306, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 51:630-2. 2003
    ..source vessel(MUSCLE)" or "muscle(SOURCE VESSEL)" perforator flap. Such a combination immediately readily identifies the precise anatomical location of the flap, as well as stating exactly which vascular pedicle must be dissected...
  19. ncbi request reprint The breast musculocutaneous flap for complete coverage of the median sternotomy wound
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 112:199-203. 2003
  20. doi request reprint The integration of muscle perforator flaps into a community-based private practice
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Clin Plast Surg 37:607-14, vi. 2010
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Restoration of quadriceps femoris function with a dynamic microsurgical free latissimus dorsi muscle transfer
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 52:89-92. 2004
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Chimeric gastrocnemius muscle and sural artery perforator local flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 61:306-9. 2008
    ..This is yet another new example of branch-based chimeric flaps, where the cutaneous component is a muscle perforator flap...
  23. ncbi request reprint Medial suralGASTROCNEMIUS muscle perforator free flap: an immediate cross-leg flap?
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 21:217-23. 2005
    ..This is reminiscent of bygone eras, where such a feat required multiple stages over many weeks...
  24. ncbi request reprint The pectoralis major muscle extended island flap for complete obliteration of the median sternotomy wound
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals and Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 59:655-8. 2007
    ..This has proven to be a reliable option that alone allows complete closure of the median sternotomy wound while avoiding the need for combined flaps with preservation of the rectus abdominis muscle...
  25. ncbi request reprint Muscle perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, 1230 S Cedar Crest Boulevard, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 58:27-33. 2007
  26. ncbi request reprint The utility of both muscle and fascia flaps in severe upper extremity trauma
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Trauma 53:61-5. 2002
    ..A basic schema to facilitate flap selection in the upper extremity is introduced...
  27. ncbi request reprint Sagittal split tibialis anterior muscle flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 49:39-43. 2002
    ..This as a variation of the latter, if possible, not only is more expedient to implement but also better preserves the microcirculation of the muscle to ensure viability...
  28. ncbi request reprint Lower extremity muscle perforator flaps for lower extremity reconstruction
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 114:1123-30. 2004
    ..The choice of a lower extremity muscle perforator flap for lower extremity reconstruction limited the surgical intervention and morbidity to a single body region...
  29. ncbi request reprint Direct and indirect perforator flaps: the history and the controversy
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 111:855-65; quiz 866. 2003
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Free-flap salvage of soft tissue complications following the lateral approach to the calcaneus
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 58:179-81. 2007
    ..The anterior tibial/dorsalis pedis axis served as the usual recipient site (87.5%) for microanastomosis. Fixation hardware was retained whenever possible. All limbs were ultimately salvaged to allow reasonable ambulation...
  31. doi request reprint The island thoracoacromial artery muscle perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 66:168-71. 2011
    ..Two clinical examples using the island thoracoacromial artery perforator flap prove that this can sometimes be a viable option also for head and neck reconstruction...
  32. doi request reprint A primer of schematics to facilitate the design of the preferred muscle perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 123:1107-15. 2009
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint The superior epigastric(RECTUS ABDOMINIS) muscle perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA
    Ann Plast Surg 55:430-2. 2005
    ..This prophecy has now become a reality in this first report where a superior epigastric(RECTUS ABDOMINIS) muscle perforator flap was used successfully as a local flap to close a chest defect...
  34. ncbi request reprint Free-flap monitoring using a chimeric sentinel muscle perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18103, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 21:351-4. 2005
    ..This can be a valuable adjunctive use of muscle perforator flaps for the continuous assessment of free muscle flaps or as an exteriorized flap for the monitoring of buried free flaps...
  35. doi request reprint The mathematical basis of adjunctive techniques for enhancement of vessel caliber to maximize coupler ring size for microanastomoses
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 26:471-4. 2010
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint The medial circumflex femoral (gracilis) local perforator flap--a local medial groin perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 51:460-4. 2003
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Fate of a second perforator free flap used to salvage failure of the first perforator free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania
    J Reconstr Microsurg 29:523-30. 2013
    ..It can be concluded that if failure of a free flap can best be rectified by a second free flap, failure of a perforator free flap can also be reliably salvaged by a second perforator free flap. ..
  38. ncbi request reprint Turnover TRAM flap as a diaphragmatic patch
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Department of Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA 18103, UA
    Ann Plast Surg 52:93-6. 2004
    ..Via a tunnel leading into the chest cavity, a deepithelialized TRAM flap can readily reach basilar thoracic defects, and[U0292] thus is particularly suited as an autogenous patch for the diaphragm...
  39. ncbi request reprint Conventional liposuction-assisted debulking of muscle perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania 118103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 53:39-43. 2004
    ..Thus, the timing of muscle perforator flap debulking could then be critical. Although that averaged 9.1 months (range, 3-15 months) after flap transfer in this series, the observed ischemia occurred at both ends of this spectrum...
  40. doi request reprint A buried interpolated local fasciocutaneous flap for tension-free closure of the chronic olecranon wound
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 62:630-2. 2009
    ..Over the past year, this maneuver in 4 patients has proven to be a satisfactory outpatient procedure with rapid healing, minimal complications, and ultimately full restoration of elbow motion...
  41. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of venous supercharging of the deep inferior epigastric perforator flap in a rat model
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Advanced Clinical Technologies, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 116:551-5; discussion 556. 2005
    ..On an empiric basis, their salvage has been accomplished by augmenting venous drainage through alternative outflow tracts. The validity of this clinical maneuver can now best be tested in a rat DIEP flap model...
  42. ncbi request reprint The medial sural(MEDIAL GASTROCNEMIUS) perforator local flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    From the Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 53:501-5. 2004
    ..Both are alternatives to the more traditional medial gastrocnemius muscle flap and, because this is a true muscle perforator flap, function is always preserved...
  43. ncbi request reprint The preexpanded anterolateral thigh free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 53:170-3. 2004
    ..This has been achieved successfully in 2 compliant patients, and is a reasonable solution to minimize the morbidity of this otherwise important donor site...
  44. ncbi request reprint Long-term superiority of composite versus muscle-only free flaps for skull coverage
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 52:507-10; discussion 510-1. 2004
    ..Thus, it must be suggested that either a composite flap or a known thick muscle should be chosen initially if a permanent trouble-free outcome is to be expected...
  45. ncbi request reprint The conjoint medial circumflex femoral perforator and gracilis muscle free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 113:339-46. 2004
  46. doi request reprint Attributes and shortcomings of acoustic Doppler sonography in identifying perforators for flaps from the lower extremity
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 25:377-81. 2009
    ..Regardless of the modality employed, the efficacious harvest of a perforator flap will still require constant vigilance during its dissection due to anatomic anomalies of the course of these perforators, which is the expected norm...
  47. doi request reprint In an era of perforator flaps, are muscle flaps passé?
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 123:1357-63. 2009
    ..Are muscle flaps on a downhill course to obsolescence? The answer most simply is--never...
  48. ncbi request reprint Scrotal reconstruction following fournier gangrene using the medial circumflex femoral artery perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 57:333-5. 2006
    ..As with all muscle perforator flaps, no muscle need be expended. A case report illustrates the role of the MCFAP flap for creation of a neoscrotum...
  49. ncbi request reprint Further clarification of the nomenclature for compound flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 117:151e-160e. 2006
    ..3. Appreciate that minor technical modifications of known flaps of any type in general do not necessarily create a new category of flap...
  50. ncbi request reprint The propeller flap version of the adductor muscle perforator flap for coverage of ischial or trochanteric pressure sores
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 56:540-2. 2006
    ..If designed as a propeller flap, this version after rotation will cover the defect and simultaneously allow direct donor-site closure to avoid the need for a skin graft...
  51. doi request reprint An introduction to the chimeric deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEAP)-rectus abdominis muscle flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 61:580-3. 2008
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint The proximal pedicled anterolateral thigh flap for lower limb coverage
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 55:466-9. 2005
    ..The orthograde pedicled anterolateral thigh muscle perforator flap should be considered as another useful alternative for any upper thigh wound if a flap is essential...
  53. ncbi request reprint Further experience with the medial circumflex femoral(GRACILIS) perforator free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18103, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 20:115-22. 2004
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint Tissue expansion techniques to minimize morbidity of the anterolateral thigh perforator flap donor site
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania
    J Reconstr Microsurg 29:565-70. 2013
    ..However, this process is time consuming and requires an additional surgical procedure. As such, this option must be reserved for the most motivated and compliant patients. ..
  55. ncbi request reprint Doppler sonography and color duplex imaging for planning a perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, 1230 South Cedar Crest Boulevard, Suite 306, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Clin Plast Surg 30:347-57, v-vi. 2003
    ..Nevertheless, with the current state of technology, Doppler sonography remains a more rapid, convenient, and simpler method for perforator localization...
  56. ncbi request reprint Facial reconstruction using a combined flap of the subscapular axis simultaneously including separate medial and lateral scapular vascularized bone grafts
    Grant A Fairbanks
    Lehigh Valley Hospital and Health Network, Allentown, PA 18105 1556, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 49:104-8; discussion 108. 2002
    ..This flap was successful and provides another alternative to the resolution of complex problems needing multiple areas of both soft-tissue coverage and vascularized bone graft...
  57. ncbi request reprint The medial sural MEDIAL GASTROCNEMIUS perforator free flap: an 'ideal' prone position skin flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 52:184-7. 2004
    ..This approach has been used in 5 clinical cases, with success except once when the flap was aborted as a result of anatomic anomalies, which is always a concern with muscle perforator flaps...
  58. doi request reprint The complete nomenclature for combined perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital and The Lehigh Valley Hospital, and St Luke s Hospital, Allentown and Bethlehem, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 127:1720-9. 2011
    ..Perforator flaps have become a new alternative for achieving this same objective. As this latter genre evolves, it is reasonable to also expect the development of combined perforator flaps...
  59. ncbi request reprint Rigid fixation of the sternum using a new coupled titanium transverse plate fixation system
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 58:640-4. 2007
    ..One patient had delayed removal of an infected plate after sternal union was achieved...
  60. doi request reprint Is there a "learning curve" for muscle perforator flaps?
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 60:146-9. 2008
    ....
  61. ncbi request reprint Why not indirect nonmuscle perforator flaps?
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital
    Plast Reconstr Surg 118:121-4. 2006
  62. doi request reprint Acoustic Doppler sonography, color duplex ultrasound, and laser Doppler flowmetry as tools for successful autologous breast reconstruction
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Clin Plast Surg 38:203-11. 2011
    ..Laser Doppler flowmetry provides a reasonable system for both intraoperative and post-procedure objective monitoring of the chosen tissue transfer...
  63. ncbi request reprint Metachronous flaps from the same subscapular axis
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospital, 1230 South Cedar Crest Blvd, Suite 306, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 109:2424-30. 2002
  64. pmc An endoscopic approach to longitudinal structures including muscle flaps and vein, tendon, and nerve grafts
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals and Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania and St Luke s Hospital, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
    Semin Plast Surg 22:19-24. 2008
    ..Many plastic surgery applications have already been described facilitated by the endoscopic harvest of vein, tendon, and nerve grafts, as well as certain local or free muscle flaps...
  65. ncbi request reprint Cranial epigastric perforator flap: a rat model of a true perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 50:393-7. 2003
    ..The dissection itself can be somewhat tedious, but it became easier with experience, making this an excellent training model for learning proper technique in the elevation of any true perforator flap...