S Gregson

Summary

Publications

  1. pmc Comparison of HIV prevalence estimates for Zimbabwe from antenatal clinic surveillance (2006) and the 2005-06 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey
    Elizabeth Gonese
    AIDS and TB Unit, Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, Harare, Zimbabwe
    PLoS ONE 5:e13819. 2010
  2. pmc Grassroots community organizations' contribution to the scale-up of HIV testing and counselling services in Zimbabwe
    Simon Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London School of Public Health, London, UK
    AIDS 27:1657-66. 2013
  3. pmc Evidence for a contribution of the community response to HIV decline in eastern Zimbabwe?
    S Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK
    AIDS Care 25:S88-96. 2013
  4. pmc Social acceptability and perceived impact of a community-led cash transfer programme in Zimbabwe
    Morten Skovdal
    Department of Health Promotion and Development, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Public Health 13:342. 2013
  5. pmc The role of community conversations in facilitating local HIV competence: case study from rural Zimbabwe
    Catherine Campbell
    Institute of Social Psychology, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, WC2A 2AE London, UK
    BMC Public Health 13:354. 2013
  6. pmc Community groups as 'critical enablers' of the HIV response in Zimbabwe
    Morten Skovdal
    Department of Health Promotion and Development, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Health Serv Res 13:195. 2013
  7. pmc When masculinity interferes with women's treatment of HIV infection: a qualitative study about adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe
    Morten Skovdal
    London School of Economics and Political Sciences, UK
    J Int AIDS Soc 14:29. 2011
  8. pmc Monitoring trends in HIV prevalence among young people, aged 15 to 24 years, in Manicaland, Zimbabwe
    Kimberly A Marsh
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, UK
    J Int AIDS Soc 14:27. 2011
  9. pmc Masculinity as a barrier to men's use of HIV services in Zimbabwe
    Morten Skovdal
    Institute of Social Psychology, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK
    Global Health 7:13. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint HIV infection and reproductive health in teenage women orphaned and made vulnerable by AIDS in Zimbabwe
    S Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
    AIDS Care 17:785-94. 2005

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications69

  1. pmc Comparison of HIV prevalence estimates for Zimbabwe from antenatal clinic surveillance (2006) and the 2005-06 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey
    Elizabeth Gonese
    AIDS and TB Unit, Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, Harare, Zimbabwe
    PLoS ONE 5:e13819. 2010
    ..To assess whether HIV surveillance data from pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC) clinics in Zimbabwe represent infection levels in the general population...
  2. pmc Grassroots community organizations' contribution to the scale-up of HIV testing and counselling services in Zimbabwe
    Simon Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London School of Public Health, London, UK
    AIDS 27:1657-66. 2013
    ..To investigate whether community engagement (participation in grassroots organizations) contributed to increases in HIV testing in Zimbabwe...
  3. pmc Evidence for a contribution of the community response to HIV decline in eastern Zimbabwe?
    S Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK
    AIDS Care 25:S88-96. 2013
    ..Sensitive engagement and support for local groups (including non-AIDS groups) to encourage dialogue on positive local responses to HIV and to challenge harmful social norms and incorrect information could enhance HIV prevention...
  4. pmc Social acceptability and perceived impact of a community-led cash transfer programme in Zimbabwe
    Morten Skovdal
    Department of Health Promotion and Development, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Public Health 13:342. 2013
    ..Against this background, and in our interest to promote community participation in cash transfer programmes, we examine local perceptions of a community-led cash transfer programme in Eastern Zimbabwe...
  5. pmc The role of community conversations in facilitating local HIV competence: case study from rural Zimbabwe
    Catherine Campbell
    Institute of Social Psychology, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, WC2A 2AE London, UK
    BMC Public Health 13:354. 2013
    ..Community conversations are an intervention method through which local people work with a facilitator to collectively identify local strengths and challenges and brainstorm potential strategies for solving local problems...
  6. pmc Community groups as 'critical enablers' of the HIV response in Zimbabwe
    Morten Skovdal
    Department of Health Promotion and Development, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    BMC Health Serv Res 13:195. 2013
    ..In this paper we argue for recognition of informal and indigenous community groups as 'critical enablers' of the HIV response...
  7. pmc When masculinity interferes with women's treatment of HIV infection: a qualitative study about adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe
    Morten Skovdal
    London School of Economics and Political Sciences, UK
    J Int AIDS Soc 14:29. 2011
    ....
  8. pmc Monitoring trends in HIV prevalence among young people, aged 15 to 24 years, in Manicaland, Zimbabwe
    Kimberly A Marsh
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, UK
    J Int AIDS Soc 14:27. 2011
    ..Changes in socio-demographic characteristics and reported sexual behaviour are investigated...
  9. pmc Masculinity as a barrier to men's use of HIV services in Zimbabwe
    Morten Skovdal
    Institute of Social Psychology, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK
    Global Health 7:13. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  10. ncbi request reprint HIV infection and reproductive health in teenage women orphaned and made vulnerable by AIDS in Zimbabwe
    S Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
    AIDS Care 17:785-94. 2005
    ..Predicted substantial expanded increases in orphanhood could hamper efforts to slow the acquisition of HIV infection in successive generations of young adults, perpetuating the vicious cycle of poverty and disease...
  11. ncbi request reprint Adult mortality and erosion of household viability in AIDS-afflicted towns, estates, and villages in eastern Zimbabwe
    Simon Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 44:188-95. 2007
    ..Household viability is threatened by sustained crisis-level mortality in widely disseminated HIV epidemics. This article describes the impact of adult deaths on households in small towns, estates, and villages in eastern Zimbabwe...
  12. ncbi request reprint HIV decline associated with behavior change in eastern Zimbabwe
    Simon Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, UK
    Science 311:664-6. 2006
    ..Sexually experienced men and women reported reductions in casual sex of 49 and 22%, respectively, whereas recent cohorts reported delayed sexual debut. Selective AIDS-induced mortality contributed to the decline in HIV prevalence...
  13. pmc HIV decline in Zimbabwe due to reductions in risky sex? Evidence from a comprehensive epidemiological review
    Simon Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:1311-23. 2010
    ..We assessed the contributions of rising mortality, falling HIV incidence and sexual behaviour change to the decline in HIV prevalence...
  14. ncbi request reprint Methods to reduce social desirability bias in sex surveys in low-development settings: experience in Zimbabwe
    Simon Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, Norfolk Place, London, United Kingdom
    Sex Transm Dis 29:568-75. 2002
    ..GOAL The goal of this report was to describe and evaluate an informal, confidential, low-technology method-Informal Confidential Voting Interviews (ICVIs)-for collecting sexual behavior data in less developed settings...
  15. pmc Informal confidential voting interview methods and temporal changes in reported sexual risk behaviour for HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa
    S Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 80:ii36-42. 2004
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Community group participation: can it help young women to avoid HIV? An exploratory study of social capital and school education in rural Zimbabwe
    Simon Gregson
    Wellcome Trust Centre for the Epidemiology of Infectious Disease, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3FY, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:2119-32. 2004
    ..However, our findings suggest that promotion of and organisational development and training among community groups could well be an effective HIV control strategy...
  17. ncbi request reprint A rural HIV epidemic in Zimbabwe? Findings from a population-based survey
    S Gregson
    Biomedical Research and Training Institute, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Int J STD AIDS 12:189-96. 2001
    ..Local programmes promoting safer sexual behaviour and fast and effective STD treatment among young women, divorcees and working men could reduce the extensive HIV transmission in rural communities...
  18. pmc Role of widows in the heterosexual transmission of HIV in Manicaland, Zimbabwe, 1998-2003
    B A Lopman
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 85:i41-8. 2009
    ..AIDS is the main driver of young widowhood in southern Africa...
  19. ncbi request reprint Behaviour change in generalised HIV epidemics: impact of reducing cross-generational sex and delaying age at sexual debut
    T B Hallett
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 83:i50-54. 2007
    ..The importance of reducing cross-generational sex (young women having sex with older men) and delaying age at first sex on the spread of HIV at the population-level has been presumed but not scientifically investigated and quantified...
  20. ncbi request reprint Measuring effectiveness in community randomized trials of HIV prevention
    T B Hallett
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 37:77-87. 2008
    ..Complicated HIV transmission dynamics make it unclear how to design and interpret results from community-randomized controlled trials (CRCT) of interventions to prevent infection...
  21. doi request reprint The role of testing and counselling for HIV prevention and care in the era of scaling-up antiretroviral therapy
    T B Hallett
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London, UK
    Epidemics 1:77-82. 2009
    ..HIV Testing and Counselling (TC) programmes are being scaled-up as part of efforts to provide universal access to antiretroviral treatment (ART)...
  22. pmc Criteria for detecting and understanding changes in the risk of HIV infection at a national level in generalised epidemics
    G P Garnett
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 82:i48-51. 2006
    ..This paper discusses the criteria required to determine whether observed changes in HIV prevalence are the result of changes in behaviour...
  23. pmc HIV prevalence and trends from data in Zimbabwe, 1997-2004
    A Mahomva
    Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Sex Transm Infect 82:i42-7. 2006
    ..This paper brings together data from a variety of reports to provide a basis for assessing future steps for responding to and monitoring the HIV epidemic in Zimbabwe...
  24. pmc Discrepancies between UN models and DHS survey estimates of maternal orphan prevalence: insights from analyses of survey data from Zimbabwe
    L Robertson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 84:i57-i62. 2008
    ..We investigate the consistency of reporting of parental survival status in data from Manicaland, Zimbabwe...
  25. pmc Patterns of uptake of treatment for self reported sexually transmitted infection symptoms in rural Zimbabwe
    J J C Lewis
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, Faculty of Medicine, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 81:326-32. 2005
    ..To determine the extent of self reported symptoms perceived to be related to sexually transmitted infections and the patterns of subsequent treatment seeking behaviour in a predominantly rural population of Zimbabwe...
  26. pmc Measuring trends in age at first sex and age at marriage in Manicaland, Zimbabwe
    I Cremin
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 85:i34-40. 2009
    ..To identify reporting biases and to determine the influence of inconsistent reporting on observed trends in the timing of age at first sex and age at marriage...
  27. pmc HIV incidence and poverty in Manicaland, Zimbabwe: is HIV becoming a disease of the poor?
    Ben Lopman
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College, London, UK
    AIDS 21:S57-66. 2007
    ..Longitudinal data are needed to disentangle the cyclical effects of poverty and HIV as well as to separate historical patterns from contemporary trends of infection...
  28. pmc Declines in HIV prevalence can be associated with changing sexual behaviour in Uganda, urban Kenya, Zimbabwe, and urban Haiti
    T B Hallett
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 82:i1-8. 2006
    ..To determine whether observed changes in HIV prevalence in countries with generalised HIV epidemics are associated with changes in sexual risk behaviour...
  29. pmc Causes and consequences of psychological distress among orphans in eastern Zimbabwe
    C A Nyamukapa
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK
    AIDS Care 22:988-96. 2010
    ..These programmes should be under-pinned by further efforts to reduce poverty, increase school attendance and support out-of-school youth...
  30. pmc Estimating the resources required in the roll-out of universal access to antiretroviral treatment in Zimbabwe
    T B Hallett
    School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 87:621-8. 2011
    ..To develop projections of the resources required (person-years of drug supply and healthcare worker time) for universal access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) in Zimbabwe...
  31. pmc Behavioural data as an adjunct to HIV surveillance data
    G P Garnett
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 82:i57-62. 2006
    ..Second generation surveillance for HIV aims to improve the validity and utility of routine serial HIV prevalence data. It includes the collection of data on sexual behaviour and sexually transmitted disease prevalence...
  32. pmc The effectiveness of HIV prevention and the epidemiological context
    N C Grassly
    UNAIDS Epidemiology Reference Group, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College School of Medicine, London, W2 1PG, England
    Bull World Health Organ 79:1121-32. 2001
    ..These indicators should provide a useful resource for those involved in planning HIV prevention interventions...
  33. doi request reprint HIV incidence in 3 years of follow-up of a Zimbabwe cohort--1998-2000 to 2001-03: contributions of proximate and underlying determinants to transmission
    Ben Lopman
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 37:88-105. 2008
    ..Here, we analyse the determinants of HIV incidence in this period of decline and estimate the population-level impact of identified risk factors...
  34. ncbi request reprint Evaluating the proximate determinants framework for HIV infection in rural Zimbabwe
    James J C Lewis
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 83:i61-69. 2007
    ..One suggested solution has been a proximate determinants framework, in which risk factors are grouped into "underlying", "proximate" and "biological" determinants...
  35. doi request reprint Is education the link between orphanhood and HIV/HSV-2 risk among female adolescents in urban Zimbabwe?
    Isolde Birdthistle
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 68:1810-8. 2009
    ....
  36. pmc Critique of early models of the demographic impact of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa based on contemporary empirical data from Zimbabwe
    Simon Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London W2 1PG, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:14586-91. 2007
    ..Data collected since the late 1980s show that there was a mismatch between the observed growth in the HIV epidemic and assumptions made about viral transmission...
  37. ncbi request reprint Chlamydia trachomatis in symptomatic and asymptomatic men: detection in urine by enzyme immunoassay
    P R Mason
    University of Zimbabwe Medical School, Biomedical Research and Training Institute, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Cent Afr J Med 46:62-5. 2000
    ..Recent reports have indicated that antigen detection can be used with urine specimens, and because these can be self-collected, this may be particularly useful for the detection of asymptomatic carriage...
  38. ncbi request reprint Changing patterns of adult mortality as the HIV epidemic matures in Manicaland, eastern Zimbabwe
    Jennifer Smith
    Imperial College, London, UK
    AIDS 21:S81-6. 2007
    ..During this period, adult mortality in men was stable, whereas female mortality increased to levels similar to those of men. We examine the trends in mortality from 2003 to 2005...
  39. ncbi request reprint Sexual mixing patterns and sex-differentials in teenage exposure to HIV infection in rural Zimbabwe
    Simon Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, University of London, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Lancet 359:1896-903. 2002
    ..We investigated the latter hypothesis using data from a field study in rural Manicaland, Zimbabwe...
  40. ncbi request reprint Age at first sex and HIV infection in rural Zimbabwe
    Timothy B Hallett
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London, UK
    Stud Fam Plann 38:1-10. 2007
    ..This finding can be explained by their having a greater lifetime number of sexual partners than those whose first sexual experience occurs later...
  41. pmc HIV-associated orphanhood and children's psychosocial distress: theoretical framework tested with data from Zimbabwe
    Constance A Nyamukapa
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London, England, UK
    Am J Public Health 98:133-41. 2008
    ..We measured the psychosocial effect of orphanhood in a sub-Saharan African population and evaluated a new framework for understanding the causes and consequences of psychosocial distress among orphans and other vulnerable children...
  42. pmc Individual level injection history: a lack of association with HIV incidence in rural Zimbabwe
    Ben A Lopman
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 2:e37. 2005
    ..It has recently been argued that unsafe medical injections are a major transmission route of HIV infection in the generalised epidemics of sub-Saharan Africa...
  43. ncbi request reprint Beer halls as a focus for HIV prevention activities in rural Zimbabwe
    James J C Lewis
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, London, UK
    Sex Transm Dis 32:364-9. 2005
    ..The authors conducted an assessment of the role of beer halls in the HIV epidemic of rural Zimbabwe as part of the ongoing identification of risky places for the targeting of prevention activities...
  44. pmc Estimating incidence from prevalence in generalised HIV epidemics: methods and validation
    Timothy B Hallett
    Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 5:e80. 2008
    ..Repeated cross-sectional measures of HIV prevalence are now becoming available for general populations in many countries, and we aim to develop and validate methods that use these data to estimate HIV incidence...
  45. ncbi request reprint Rising incidence and prevalence of orphanhood in Manicaland, Zimbabwe, 1998 to 2003
    Helen Watts
    Imperial College, London, UK
    AIDS 19:717-25. 2005
    ..To quantify and describe orphan incidence in Manicaland, eastern Zimbabwe...
  46. doi request reprint From affected to infected? Orphanhood and HIV risk among female adolescents in urban Zimbabwe
    Isolde J Birdthistle
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 22:759-66. 2008
    ..Despite the 15 million children orphaned by AIDS, and fears of sexual vulnerability, little is known about the link between orphanhood and HIV risk...
  47. pmc Enzyme immunoassay for urogenital trichomoniasis as a marker of unsafe sexual behaviour
    P R Mason
    Biomedical Research and Training Institute, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Epidemiol Infect 126:103-9. 2001
    ..The EIA may be useful for community surveys of trichomoniasis. Because T. vaginalis is a common sexually transmitted disease, the test may indicate behaviour that increases the risk of STD transmission...
  48. pmc Patterns of self-reported behaviour change associated with receiving voluntary counselling and testing in a longitudinal study from Manicaland, Zimbabwe
    Ide Cremin
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, St Marys Campus, Norfolk Place, Paddington, London, W2 1PG, UK
    AIDS Behav 14:708-15. 2010
    ..This study suggests that, among women, particularly those who are infected, behavioural risk reduction does occur following VCT...
  49. pmc When did HIV incidence peak in Harare, Zimbabwe? Back-calculation from mortality statistics
    Ben Lopman
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 3:e1711. 2008
    ..This finding, considered alongside the timing and location of HIV prevention activities, will give insight into the decline of HIV prevalence in Zimbabwe...
  50. pmc Assessing adult mortality in HIV-1-afflicted Zimbabwe (1998 -2003)
    Ben A Lopman
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 84:189-97. 2006
    ..To compare alternative methods to vital registration systems for estimating adult mortality, and describe patterns of mortality in Manicaland, Zimbabwe, which has been severely affected by HIV...
  51. pmc Impact and process evaluation of integrated community and clinic-based HIV-1 control: a cluster-randomised trial in eastern Zimbabwe
    Simon Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 4:e102. 2007
    ..HIV-1 control in sub-Saharan Africa requires cost-effective and sustainable programmes that promote behaviour change and reduce cofactor sexually transmitted infections (STIs) at the population and individual levels...
  52. pmc Verbal autopsy can consistently measure AIDS mortality: a validation study in Tanzania and Zimbabwe
    B Lopman
    Imperial College, London, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:330-4. 2010
    ..Verbal autopsy is currently the only option for obtaining cause of death information in most populations with a widespread HIV/AIDS epidemic...
  53. ncbi request reprint Study of bias in antenatal clinic HIV-1 surveillance data in a high contraceptive prevalence population in sub-Saharan Africa
    Simon Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College School of Medicine, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    AIDS 16:643-52. 2002
    ..To describe patterns, sources and consequences of bias in antenatal clinic (ANC) HIV prevalence estimates in a high contraceptive prevalence population...
  54. pmc Creating and validating an algorithm to measure AIDS mortality in the adult population using verbal autopsy
    Ben A Lopman
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 3:e312. 2006
    ..A reliable tool that is independent of HIV status is needed for measuring the frequency of AIDS deaths and ultimately the impact of antiretroviral therapy on mortality...
  55. pmc Estimates of HIV incidence from household-based prevalence surveys
    Timothy B Hallett
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK
    AIDS 24:147-52. 2010
    ..To estimate HIV incidence in the general population in countries where there have been two recent household-based HIV prevalence surveys (the Dominican Republic, Mali, Niger, Tanzania, and Zambia)...
  56. ncbi request reprint Poorer health and nutritional outcomes in orphans and vulnerable young children not explained by greater exposure to extreme poverty in Zimbabwe
    Helen Watts
    Department of Infectious Disease Eidemiology, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 12:584-93. 2007
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint Estimating vertically acquired HIV infections and the impact of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission program in Zimbabwe: insights from decision analysis models
    Sabada Dube
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 48:72-81. 2008
    ....
  58. ncbi request reprint The population impact of HIV on fertility in sub-Saharan Africa
    James J C Lewis
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, University of London, Norfolk Place, W2 1PG, UK
    AIDS 18:S35-43. 2004
    ....
  59. pmc The impact of monitoring HIV patients prior to treatment in resource-poor settings: insights from mathematical modelling
    Timothy B Hallett
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 5:e53. 2008
    ..We investigated the potential influence of alternative patient management and ART initiation strategies on the impact of ART programmes in sub-Saharan Africa...
  60. ncbi request reprint Population-level risk factors for HIV transmission and 'the 4 Cities Study': temporal dynamics and the significance of sexual mixing patterns
    Marie Claude Boily
    AIDS 16:2101-2. 2002
  61. ncbi request reprint The contribution of HIV to fertility decline in rural Zimbabwe, 1985-2000
    Basia Zaba
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
    Popul Stud (Camb) 57:149-64. 2003
    ..Miscarriage appears to be a less important factor than elsewhere possibly because syphilis is rare...
  62. ncbi request reprint Patterns of movement and risk of HIV infection in rural Zimbabwe
    Megan P Coffee
    Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    J Infect Dis 191:S159-67. 2005
    ..High rates of population movement may have helped spread human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in southern Africa, including Zimbabwe, but whether mobility continues to influence the epidemic is unclear...
  63. ncbi request reprint Extended family's and women's roles in safeguarding orphans' education in AIDS-afflicted rural Zimbabwe
    Constance Nyamukapa
    Biomedical Research and Training Institute, University of Zimbabwe Campus, P O Box CY1753, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Soc Sci Med 60:2155-67. 2005
    ..These findings indicate that programmes should assist maternal orphans and support women's efforts by reinforcing the roles of extended families and local communities, and by facilitating greater self-sufficiency...
  64. pmc Seroepidemiology of Trichomonas vaginalis in rural women in Zimbabwe and patterns of association with HIV infection
    Peter R Mason
    Biomedical Research and Training Institute, P O Box MP 1446, Mt Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Epidemiol Infect 133:315-23. 2005
    ..08, 95 % CI 2.95-12.53). Although a causal relationship cannot be assumed, detection and treatment of trichomoniasis may be important in strategies to reduce HIV transmission through sexually transmitted infection control...
  65. ncbi request reprint No difference in HIV incidence and sexual behaviour between out-migrants and residents in rural Manicaland, Zimbabwe
    Costandino Mundandi
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Trop Med Int Health 11:705-11. 2006
    ..In a prospective study, we investigated whether out-migrants are a selection of high-risk individuals and whether rural-to-urban migration results in risky sexual behaviour for HIV incidence...
  66. ncbi request reprint Understanding the uneven spread of HIV within Africa: comparative study of biologic, behavioral, and contextual factors in rural populations in Tanzania and Zimbabwe
    J Ties Boerma
    Department of Epidemiology and Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 30:779-87. 2003
    ..Large differences in the spread of HIV have been observed within sub-Saharan Africa...
  67. ncbi request reprint Voluntary counselling and testing: uptake, impact on sexual behaviour, and HIV incidence in a rural Zimbabwean cohort
    Lorraine Sherr
    Royal Free Hospital, University College London, UK
    AIDS 21:851-60. 2007
    ..To examine the determinants of uptake of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) services, to assess changes in sexual risk behaviour following VCT, and to compare HIV incidence amongst testers and non-testers...
  68. ncbi request reprint HIV-contaminated syringes are not evidence of transmission
    Ben A Lopman
    AIDS 20:1905. 2006