Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Benelli G. δ-Cadinene, Calarene and .δ-4-Carene from Kadsura heteroclita Essential Oil as Novel Larvicides Against Malaria, Dengue and Filariasis Mosquitoes. Comb Chem High Throughput Screen. 2016;19:565-71 pubmed
..03, 13.33 and 17.91 µg/mL), and Cx. quinquefasciatus (LC50; = 9.86, 14.49 and 19.50 µg/mL). Overall, this study adds knowledge to develop newer and safer natural larvicides against malaria, dengue and filariasis mosquito. ..
Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Muthukumaran U, Hoti S, Khater H, Benelli G. Single-step biosynthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles using Zornia diphylla leaves: A potent eco-friendly tool against malaria and arbovirus vectors. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2016;161:482-9 pubmed publisher
..diphylla-fabricated Ag NP are a promising and eco-friendly tool against larval populations of mosquito vectors of medical and veterinary importance, with negligible toxicity against other non-target organisms. ..
Govindarajan M, Kadaikunnan S, Alharbi N, Benelli G. Acute toxicity and repellent activity of the Origanum scabrum Boiss. & Heldr. (Lamiaceae) essential oil against four mosquito vectors of public health importance and its biosafety on non-target aquatic organisms. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23:23228-23238 pubmed
..Overall, the EO from O. scabrum may be considered as a low-cost and eco-friendly source of phytochemicals to develop novel repellents against Culicidae. ..
Govindarajan M, Benelli G. Eco-friendly larvicides from Indian plants: Effectiveness of lavandulyl acetate and bicyclogermacrene on malaria, dengue and Japanese encephalitis mosquito vectors. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2016;133:395-402 pubmed publisher
..Overall, this study highlights that H. sprengelianum EO is a promising source of eco-friendly larvicides against three important mosquito vectors with moderate toxicity against non-target aquatic organisms. ..
Govindarajan M, Khater H, Panneerselvam C, Benelli G. One-pot fabrication of silver nanocrystals using Nicandra physalodes: A novel route for mosquito vector control with moderate toxicity on non-target water bugs. Res Vet Sci. 2016;107:95-101 pubmed publisher
..Overall, our results highlight that N. physalodes-fabricated Ag NPs are a promising for development of eco-friendly larvicides against mosquito vectors, with negligible toxicity against non-target aquatic water bugs. ..
Govindarajan M, Benelli G. ?-Humulene and ?-elemene from Syzygium zeylanicum (Myrtaceae) essential oil: highly effective and eco-friendly larvicides against Anopheles subpictus, Aedes albopictus, and Culex tritaeniorhynchus (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitol Res. 2016;115:2771-8 pubmed publisher
..zeylanicum EO as highly effective larvicides against young instars of An. subpictus, Ae. albopictus, and Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, with little effect on non-target organisms. ..
Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Hoti S, Benelli G. Larvicidal potential of carvacrol and terpinen-4-ol from the essential oil of Origanum vulgare (Lamiaceae) against Anopheles stephensi, Anopheles subpictus, Culex quinquefasciatus and Culex tritaeniorhynchus (Diptera: Culicidae). Res Vet Sci. 2016;104:77-82 pubmed publisher
..08 and 52.19 Î¼g/ml) and Cx. tritaeniorhynchus (LC50=27.95 and 54.87 Î¼g/ml). Overall, this research adds knowledge to develop newer and safer natural larvicides against malaria, filariasis and Japanese encephalitis mosquito vectors. ..
Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Arivoli S, Tennyson S, Benelli G. Larvicidal and repellent potential of Zingiber nimmonii (J. Graham) Dalzell (Zingiberaceae) essential oil: an eco-friendly tool against malaria, dengue, and lymphatic filariasis mosquito vectors?. Parasitol Res. 2016;115:1807-16 pubmed publisher
..53 and 9250.12Â Î¼g/ml, respectively. Overall, this research adds basic knowledge to develop newer and safer natural larvicides and repellent from Zingiberaceae plants against malaria, dengue, and filariasis mosquito vectors. ..
AlYahya S, Govindarajan M, Alharbi N, Kadaikunnan S, Khaled J, Mothana R, et al
. Swift fabrication of Ag nanostructures using a colloidal solution of Holostemma ada-kodien (Apocynaceae) - Antibiofilm potential, insecticidal activity against mosquitoes and non-target impact on water bugs. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2018;181:70-79 pubmed publisher
..Overall, this study sheds light on the insecticidal and antibiofilm potential of H. ada-kodien-synthesized AgNPs, a potential green resource for the rapid synthesis of polydispersed and highly stable AgNPs. ..
Benelli G, Govindarajan M, Senthilmurugan S, Vijayan P, Kadaikunnan S, Alharbi N, et al
. Fabrication of highly effective mosquito nanolarvicides using an Asian plant of ethno-pharmacological interest, Priyangu (Aglaia elaeagnoidea): toxicity on non-target mosquito natural enemies. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10283-10293 pubmed publisher
Benelli G, Rajeswary M, Vijayan P, Senthilmurugan S, Alharbi N, Kadaikunnan S, et al
. Boswellia ovalifoliolata (Burseraceae) essential oil as an eco-friendly larvicide? Toxicity against six mosquito vectors of public health importance, non-target mosquito fishes, backswimmers, and water bugs. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10264-10271 pubmed publisher
..Overall, these results contribute to develop effective and affordable instruments to magnify the reliability of Culicidae control programs. ..
Aarthi C, Govindarajan M, Rajaraman P, Alharbi N, Kadaikunnan S, Khaled J, et al
. Eco-friendly and cost-effective Ag nanocrystals fabricated using the leaf extract of Habenaria plantaginea: toxicity on six mosquito vectors and four non-target species. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10317-10327 pubmed publisher
..Overall, this study showed the effectiveness of H. plantaginea-fabricated nanoparticles on a wide range of important mosquito vectors, highlighting their scarce toxicity on four natural enemies predating mosquito larvae and pupae. ..
Govindarajan M, Sivakumar R. Larvicidal, ovicidal, and adulticidal efficacy of Erythrina indica (Lam.) (Family: Fabaceae) against Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti, and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitol Res. 2014;113:777-91 pubmed publisher
..indica have the potential to be used as an eco-friendly approach for the control of the A. stephensi, A. aegypti, and C. quinquefasciatus. ..
Govindarajan M. Evaluation of indigenous plant extracts against the malarial vector, Anopheles stephensi (Liston) (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitol Res. 2011;109:93-103 pubmed publisher
..stephensi. Therefore, this study provides first report on the larvicidal and ovicidal activities against malaria vector, A. stephensi of E. alba plant extracts...
Benelli G, Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Vaseeharan B, AlYahya S, Alharbi N, et al
. Insecticidal activity of camphene, zerumbone and ?-humulene from Cheilocostus speciosus rhizome essential oil against the Old-World bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2018;148:781-786 pubmed publisher
..speciosus essential oil against insect pests of agricultural and medical veterinary importance, highlighting that camphene, zerumbone and ?-humulene have a promising potential as eco-friendly botanical insecticides. ..
Benelli G, Govindarajan M, Alsalhi M, Devanesan S, Maggi F. High toxicity of camphene and γ-elemene from Wedelia prostrata essential oil against larvae of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10383-10391 pubmed publisher
..Further studies aimed at evaluating the potential synergy between these two molecules, as well as their stability in field conditions are ongoing. ..
Govindarajan M, Hoti S, Benelli G. Facile fabrication of eco-friendly nano-mosquitocides: Biophysical characterization and effectiveness on neglected tropical mosquito vectors. Enzyme Microb Technol. 2016;95:155-163 pubmed publisher
..61 to 2098.61?g/mL. Overall, this research firstly shed light on the mosquitocidal potential of I. frutescens, a potential bio-resource for rapid, cheap and effective synthesis of poly-disperse and highly stable silver nanocrystals. ..
Benelli G, Kadaikunnan S, Alharbi N, Govindarajan M. Biophysical characterization of Acacia caesia-fabricated silver nanoparticles: effectiveness on mosquito vectors of public health relevance and impact on non-target aquatic biocontrol agents. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10228-10242 pubmed publisher
..caesia as an abundant and cheap bioresource to fabricate biogenic Ag NPs effective against mosquito young instars and adults, with moderate impact on non-target aquatic biocontrol agents. ..
Govindarajan M, Sivakumar R, Rajeswari M, Yogalakshmi K. Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of essential oil from Mentha spicata (Linn.) against three mosquito species. Parasitol Res. 2012;110:2023-32 pubmed publisher
..01 ppm), and C. quinquefasciatus (LC(50) 25.47, 35.20, and 14.07 ppm). The results could be useful in search for newer, safer, and more effective natural larvicidal agents against C. quinquefasciatus, A. aegypti, and A. stephensi...
Govindarajan M, Sivakumar R. Adulticidal properties of Cardiospermum halicacabum plant extracts against three important vector mosquitoes. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2012;16 Suppl 3:95-104 pubmed
..quinquefasciatus), Aedes aegypti (Ae. aegypti) and Anopheles stephensi (An. stephensi)...
Rajeswary M, Govindarajan M, Alharbi N, Kadaikunnan S, Khaled J, Benelli G. Zingiber cernuum (Zingiberaceae) essential oil as effective larvicide and oviposition deterrent on six mosquito vectors, with little non-target toxicity on four aquatic mosquito predators. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10307-10316 pubmed publisher
..Overall, our results revealed that the Z. cernuum EO can be considered for the development of effective and environmental-friendly mosquito larvicides and oviposition deterrents. ..
Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Senthilmurugan S, Vijayan P, Alharbi N, Kadaikunnan S, et al
. Curzerene, trans-β-elemenone, and γ-elemene as effective larvicides against Anopheles subpictus, Aedes albopictus, and Culex tritaeniorhynchus: toxicity on non-target aquatic predators. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:10272-10282 pubmed publisher
..14-5.01 μg/ml), which far encompasses most of the botanical pesticides tested till now. Notably, the above-mentioned LC50 did not damage the four aquatic predators tested in this study. ..
Benelli G, Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Senthilmurugan S, Vijayan P, Alharbi N, et al
. Larvicidal activity of Blumea eriantha essential oil and its components against six mosquito species, including Zika virus vectors: the promising potential of (4E,6Z)-allo-ocimene, carvotanacetone and dodecyl acetate. Parasitol Res. 2017;116:1175-1188 pubmed publisher
Govindarajan M, Sivakumar R, Rajeswary M, Yogalakshmi K. Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of essential oil from Ocimum basilicum (L.) against Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Aedes albopictus and Anopheles subpictus (Diptera: Culicidae). Exp Parasitol. 2013;134:7-11 pubmed publisher
..75 ppm and an LC(90) values of 23.44, 21.17 and 18.56 ppm, respectively. The results could be useful in search for newer, safer, and more effective natural larvicidal agents against Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, Ae. albopictus and An. subpictus...