R Stark

Summary

Affiliation: University of Giessen
Country: Germany

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Hemodynamic responses to fear and disgust-inducing pictures: an fMRI study
    Rudolf Stark
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10, 35394, Giessen, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 50:225-34. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Erotic and disgust-inducing pictures--differences in the hemodynamic responses of the brain
    Rudolf Stark
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Biol Psychol 70:19-29. 2005
  3. pmc Differential activation of the lateral premotor cortex during action observation
    Sebastian Pilgramm
    Institute of Sport Science, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Kugelberg 62, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    BMC Neurosci 11:89. 2010
  4. ncbi request reprint Hemodynamic effects of negative emotional pictures - a test-retest analysis
    Rudolf Stark
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany
    Neuropsychobiology 50:108-18. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint Influences of disgust sensitivity on hemodynamic responses towards a disgust-inducing film clip
    Rudolf Stark
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 57:61-7. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Influence of the stress hormone cortisol on fear conditioning in humans: evidence for sex differences in the response of the prefrontal cortex
    Rudolf Stark
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Strasse 10F, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Neuroimage 32:1290-8. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Hemodynamic brain correlates of disgust and fear ratings
    Rudolf Stark
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology and Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10F, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Neuroimage 37:663-73. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Effects of paced respiration on heart period and heart period variability
    R Stark
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, University of Giessen, Germany
    Psychophysiology 37:302-9. 2000
  9. doi request reprint ADHD related behaviors are associated with brain activation in the reward system
    R Stark
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10H, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 49:426-34. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint Atmospheric electromagnetism: individual differences in brain electrical response to simulated sferics
    A Schienle
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 21:177-88. 1996

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. ncbi request reprint Hemodynamic responses to fear and disgust-inducing pictures: an fMRI study
    Rudolf Stark
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10, 35394, Giessen, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 50:225-34. 2003
    ..Thus, our data are in contrast with the idea of highly emotion-specific brain structures and rather suggest the existence of a common affective circuit...
  2. ncbi request reprint Erotic and disgust-inducing pictures--differences in the hemodynamic responses of the brain
    Rudolf Stark
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Biol Psychol 70:19-29. 2005
    ..The ventral striatum was specifically activated when subjects saw highly sexually arousing pictures. This indicates the involvement of the human reward system during the processing of visual erotica...
  3. pmc Differential activation of the lateral premotor cortex during action observation
    Sebastian Pilgramm
    Institute of Sport Science, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Kugelberg 62, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    BMC Neurosci 11:89. 2010
    ..This study examined how the level of motor expertise (expert vs. novice) in ballroom dancing and the visual viewpoint (internal vs. external viewpoint) influence this activation within different parts of this area of the brain...
  4. ncbi request reprint Hemodynamic effects of negative emotional pictures - a test-retest analysis
    Rudolf Stark
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany
    Neuropsychobiology 50:108-18. 2004
    ..An additional analysis, which compared the emotion-related activation patterns during the two presentations, showed that the responses to the fear-inducing pictures were more stable than the responses to the disgust-inducing ones...
  5. ncbi request reprint Influences of disgust sensitivity on hemodynamic responses towards a disgust-inducing film clip
    Rudolf Stark
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 57:61-7. 2005
    ..The study stresses, in accordance to previous studies, the importance of considering personality traits when studying affective responses in fMRI studies...
  6. ncbi request reprint Influence of the stress hormone cortisol on fear conditioning in humans: evidence for sex differences in the response of the prefrontal cortex
    Rudolf Stark
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Strasse 10F, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Neuroimage 32:1290-8. 2006
    ..In sum, these findings demonstrate that in humans cortisol mostly influences prefrontal brain activation during fear conditioning and that these effects appear to be modulated by sex...
  7. ncbi request reprint Hemodynamic brain correlates of disgust and fear ratings
    Rudolf Stark
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology and Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10F, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Neuroimage 37:663-73. 2007
    ..However, insula activations were only significantly correlated with subjective ratings of disgust, pointing to a specific role of this brain structure in the processing of disgust...
  8. ncbi request reprint Effects of paced respiration on heart period and heart period variability
    R Stark
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, University of Giessen, Germany
    Psychophysiology 37:302-9. 2000
    ..Because this decrease was not accompanied by changes in any of the HPV frequency components, their validity as measures of autonomic control needs to be questioned...
  9. doi request reprint ADHD related behaviors are associated with brain activation in the reward system
    R Stark
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10H, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 49:426-34. 2011
    ..Thus, our data support current aetiological models of ADHD which assume that deficits in the reward system might be responsible for many of the ADHD related behaviors...
  10. ncbi request reprint Atmospheric electromagnetism: individual differences in brain electrical response to simulated sferics
    A Schienle
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 21:177-88. 1996
    ..This absence of a response is interpreted as an adaptational deficit in reaction to variations in atmospheric parameters...
  11. doi request reprint Neural correlates of disgust- and fear-conditioned responses
    T Klucken
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Germany
    Neuroscience 201:209-18. 2012
    ..Finally, the findings regarding disgust sensitivity are discussed with respect to vulnerability factors for certain psychiatric disorders...
  12. ncbi request reprint Personality and emotion: test of Gray's personality theory by means of an fMRI study
    M Reuter
    Department of Psychology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Strasse 10F, D 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Behav Neurosci 118:462-9. 2004
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint The insula is not specifically involved in disgust processing: an fMRI study
    A Schienle
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Neuroreport 13:2023-6. 2002
    ..Since during the fear condition the insula was also involved, our findings do not fit the idea of the insula as a specific disgust processor...
  14. ncbi request reprint Effects of low-frequency magnetic fields on electrocortical activity in humans: a sferics simulation study
    A Schienle
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
    Int J Neurosci 90:21-36. 1997
    ..With these results a general electrocortical sensitivity towards sferics as well as individual differences in sferics reactivity could be demonstrated...
  15. ncbi request reprint Differential activation of pre-SMA and SMA proper during action observation: effects of instructions
    K Zentgraf
    University of Giessen, Institute for Sports Science, Kugelberg 62, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Neuroimage 26:662-72. 2005
    ..Pre-SMA activity can be differentially modulated by instructions related to the observation task...
  16. doi request reprint Neural, electrodermal and behavioral response patterns in contingency aware and unaware subjects during a picture-picture conditioning paradigm
    T Klucken
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Otto Behaghel Strasse 10 H, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Neuroscience 158:721-31. 2009
    ..g. subjective ratings and SCRs) which are affected by contingency awareness. As a unique finding in human aversive conditioning, we discuss the role of the nucleus accumbens as well as practical implications for affective learning models...
  17. ncbi request reprint Geophysical variables and behavior: LXXXVIII. Atmospheric electromagnetism: the possible disturbing influence of natural sferics on ESP
    J M Houtkooper
    Center for Psychobiology and Behavioral Medicine, University of Giessen, Germany
    Percept Mot Skills 89:1179-92. 1999
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Sferics provoke changes in EEG power
    A Schienle
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Justus Liebig University, Otto Behagel Strasse 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Int J Neurosci 107:87-102. 2001
    ..Sferics had no effect on the subjective state and could not be perceived consciously...
  19. ncbi request reprint Natural very-low-frequency sferics and headache
    D Vaitl
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Germany
    Int J Biometeorol 45:115-23. 2001
    ..than by the sferics activity itself...
  20. ncbi request reprint Anticipation of reward in a nonaversive differential conditioning paradigm and the brain reward system: an event-related fMRI study
    Peter Kirsch
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging and Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
    Neuroimage 20:1086-95. 2003
    ..The results are interpreted as reflecting the motivation-dependent reactivity of the brain reward system with highly motivating stimuli (monetary reward) leading to a stronger activation than those less motivating ones (verbal reward)...
  21. ncbi request reprint Latent inhibition and schizophrenia: Pavlovian conditioning of autonomic responses
    D Vaitl
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10, D 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Schizophr Res 55:147-58. 2002
    ..Furthermore LI was found to be correlated with the duration of illness: it was attenuated in patients who had suffered their first psychotic episode...
  22. ncbi request reprint Perceptibility of simulated VLF-sferics
    R Klopper
    Institute for Pychobiology and Behavioral Medicine, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Germany
    Percept Mot Skills 92:1109-21. 2001
    ..The total number of correct judgements did not differ from a random run and no learning occurred. Subjects who reported fewer bodily complaints in their recent past had higher scores in the discrimination task...
  23. ncbi request reprint Covariation bias and paranormal belief
    A Schienle
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, University of Giessen, Germany
    Psychol Rep 78:291-305. 1996
    ..This response pattern was absent in the group of skeptics. It is concluded that covariation bias as a psychophysiological concept plays an important role in the maintenance of paranormal belief...
  24. ncbi request reprint Electrocortical responses of headache patients to the simulation of 10 kHz sferics
    A Schienle
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, University of Giessen, Germany
    Int J Neurosci 97:211-24. 1999
    ..The alpha power enhancement was still present at parietal sites at the end of registration (20 minutes after the end of exposure). The stimulation did not induce headache symptoms...
  25. pmc N-terminal protease of pestiviruses: identification of putative catalytic residues by site-directed mutagenesis
    T Rumenapf
    Institut für Virologie FB Veterinärmedizin, Justus Liebig Universitat, Giessen, Germany
    J Virol 72:2544-7. 1998
    ..While it remains speculative whether Glu22-His49-Cys69 actually build a catalytic triad, these results invalidate the assumption that Npro is a papain-like cysteine protease...
  26. doi request reprint Neural activation in cognitive motor processes: comparing motor imagery and observation of gymnastic movements
    Jörn Munzert
    Institute for Sport Science, University of Giessen, Kugelberg 62, 35394, Giessen, Germany
    Exp Brain Res 188:437-44. 2008
    ..We argue that differential activity between S-states relates to task-specific and modal information processing...
  27. ncbi request reprint Differential engagement of anterior cingulate and adjacent medial frontal cortex in adept meditators and non-meditators
    Britta K Hölzel
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
    Neurosci Lett 421:16-21. 2007
    ..The increased activation in the medial prefrontal cortex may reflect that meditators are stronger engaged in emotional processing...
  28. ncbi request reprint Diminished medial prefrontal cortex activity in blood-injection-injury phobia
    Andrea Hermann
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10 H, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Biol Psychol 75:124-30. 2007
    ..The latter response component might be a result of the elevated disgust sensitivity of BII phobics...
  29. ncbi request reprint Relationship between regional hemodynamic activity and simultaneously recorded EEG-theta associated with mental arithmetic-induced workload
    Gebhard Sammer
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 28:793-803. 2007
    ..This binding process may form the source of surface-recorded EEG theta...
  30. doi request reprint The embodied nature of motor imagery: the influence of posture and perspective
    Britta Lorey
    Institute for Sports Science, University of Giessen, Kugelberg 62, 35394, Giessen, Germany
    Exp Brain Res 194:233-43. 2009
    ..Thus, proprioceptive information on actual body posture is more relevant for 1PP imagery processes. Results support the embodied nature of 1PP imagery and indicate possible applications in athletic training or rehabilitation...
  31. doi request reprint Contingency learning in human fear conditioning involves the ventral striatum
    Tim Klucken
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:3636-44. 2009
    ..VS involvement seems to be important for the transition from a contingency unaware to a contingency aware state. Implications for fear conditioning models as well as for the contingency awareness debate are discussed...
  32. pmc Emotion regulation in spider phobia: role of the medial prefrontal cortex
    Andrea Hermann
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 4:257-67. 2009
    ..These two forms of phobic emotion regulation deficits are associated with altered activity in different medial prefrontal cortex subregions...
  33. ncbi request reprint Acquisition of typical EEG waveforms during fMRI: SSVEP, LRP, and frontal theta
    Gebhard Sammer
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10F, D 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Neuroimage 24:1012-24. 2005
    ..The source of these differences requires further exploration. The high concordance of activation patterns with published results demonstrates that EPI-images could be acquired during EEG recording without significant distortion...
  34. doi request reprint Neural activations of the acquisition of conditioned sexual arousal: effects of contingency awareness and sex
    Tim Klucken
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Otto Behaghel Strasse 10H, Giessen, Hessen, Germany
    J Sex Med 6:3071-85. 2009
    ..Learning processes like classical conditioning are involved in mediating sexual behavior. Yet, the neural bases underlying these processes have not been investigated so far...
  35. doi request reprint Your mind's hand: motor imagery of pointing movements with different accuracy
    Britta Lorey
    University of Giessen, Germany, Institute for Sports Science, Germany
    Neuroimage 49:3239-47. 2010
    ..We suggest that the functional equivalence of action states is due mostly to internal estimations of the expected sensory feedback in both motor control and motor imagery...
  36. pmc Neural responses to BEGIN- and END-stimuli of the smoking ritual in nonsmokers, nondeprived smokers, and deprived smokers
    Bastian Stippekohl
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, Germany
    Neuropsychopharmacology 35:1209-25. 2010
    ..While BEGIN-stimuli generally seem to activate the addiction network, END-stimuli presumably have some inhibitory properties. This new finding might add to a more differentiated understanding of cue reactivity and addiction...
  37. doi request reprint Weaving the (neuronal) web: fear learning in spider phobia
    Jan Schweckendiek
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany
    Neuroimage 54:681-8. 2011
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Imaging gene-substance interactions: the effect of the DRD2 TaqIA polymorphism and the dopamine agonist bromocriptine on the brain activation during the anticipation of reward
    Peter Kirsch
    Center for Psychiatry, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Am Steg 28, D 35385 Giessen, Germany
    Neurosci Lett 405:196-201. 2006
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint The role of own-body representations in action observation: a functional MRI study
    Sebastian Pilgramm
    Institute for Sports Science and bBender Institute of Neuroimaging, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
    Neuroreport 20:997-1001. 2009
    ..These findings suggest a tight interplay between body representations and action observation...
  40. ncbi request reprint Relationship between disgust sensitivity, trait anxiety and brain activity during disgust induction
    Anne Schienle
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology and Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany
    Neuropsychobiology 51:86-92. 2005
    ..This points to the role of the amygdala as an integrative brain structure, whose activation can be modulated by different affective styles...
  41. ncbi request reprint Neural responses of OCD patients towards disorder-relevant, generally disgust-inducing and fear-inducing pictures
    Anne Schienle
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, Germany, Department of Psychology, University of Trier, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 57:69-77. 2005
    ..The increased insular reactivity of OCD patients during all aversive picture conditions might mirror their susceptibility to experience negative somatic states...
  42. ncbi request reprint Hemodynamic responses of the amygdala, the orbitofrontal cortex and the visual cortex during a fear conditioning paradigm
    Katharina Tabbert
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Otto Behaghel Strasse 10, 35394 at the University of Giessen, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 57:15-23. 2005
    ..Additionally, the results indicate that statistical analyses comprising a temporal variation of hemodynamic responses are more likely to detect amygdala activation...
  43. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in the processing of disgust- and fear-inducing pictures: an fMRI study
    Anne Schienle
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology and Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Neuroreport 16:277-80. 2005
    ..This response pattern may reflect greater attention from males to cues of aggression in their environment. Further, the lateralization of brain activation was comparable in the two genders during both aversive picture conditions...
  44. ncbi request reprint [Patterns of neuronal activity related to emotional stimulation in alexithymia]
    Frank Leweke
    Klinik für Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie der Justus Liebig Universität Giessen
    Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 54:437-44. 2004
    ..g. medial prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulum) and affect generating structures (e. g. amygdala). Furthermore our findings confirm the hypothesis that alexithymia is a disorder of higher cerebral function...
  45. ncbi request reprint Brain activation of spider phobics towards disorder-relevant, generally disgust- and fear-inducing pictures
    Anne Schienle
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Strasse 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Neurosci Lett 388:1-6. 2005
    ..This points to an elevated sensitivity to repulsive and threatening stimuli in spider phobics and implicates the amygdala as a crucial neural substrate...
  46. ncbi request reprint fMRI responses to pictures of mutilation and contamination
    Anne Schienle
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Neurosci Lett 393:174-8. 2006
    ..Our results are in disagreement with the idea of selective disgust processing at the insula. They point to a network of brain regions involved in the decoding of stimulus salience and the regulation of attention...
  47. ncbi request reprint Dissociation of neural responses and skin conductance reactions during fear conditioning with and without awareness of stimulus contingencies
    Katharina Tabbert
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Strasse 10 H, 35394, Germany
    Neuroimage 32:761-70. 2006
    ..These results support a model of fear conditioning that distinguishes between a more cognitive level of learning, reflected in contingency awareness and differential SCRs, and the awareness independent activation of a fear network...
  48. ncbi request reprint Positive and negative spatial priming in schizophrenia
    Mark Zimmermann
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 28:706-20. 2006
    ..The data support the notion that automatic (implicit) mechanisms of learning are unimpaired in schizophrenia patients unless symptoms exceed a certain critical level...
  49. ncbi request reprint Shifts in blood volume alter the perception of posture: further evidence for somatic graviception
    Dieter Vaitl
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10, D 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 44:1-11. 2002
    ..This phenomenon of graviception needs to be further elucidated with respect to the origins of the afferent inputs and the site and type of graviceptors (mechanoreceptors) involved...
  50. ncbi request reprint Atmospheric electromagnetism: attempted replication of the correlation between natural sferics and ESP
    J M Houtkooper
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Germany
    Percept Mot Skills 93:754-6. 2001
    ..In these studies ESP scores and the level of sferics activity were not significantly correlated. The result for all combined data is significant but with a quite low effect size. Other trends in the data could not be confirmed...
  51. ncbi request reprint Headache and sferics
    D Vaitl
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, Justus-Liebig, University of Giessen, Otto-Behaghel-Strasse 10, D-35394 Giessen, Germany
    Headache 41:845-53. 2001
    ..In summer, tension-type headaches were associated with other weather parameters such as temperature (r = 0.36, P<.01) and vapor pressure (r = 0.27, P<.05)...
  52. ncbi request reprint Disgust sensitivity in psychiatric disorders: a questionnaire study
    Anne Schienle
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, University of Giessen, Germany
    J Nerv Ment Dis 191:831-4. 2003
  53. ncbi request reprint Perception of posture and cerebral blood flow
    R Saborowski
    Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, University of Giessen, Otto Behaghel Str 10 F, D 35394, Giessen, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 43:167-75. 2002
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint Pursuit of the emerging dialogue between psychoanalysis and neuroscience: clinical and research perspectives
    Manfred E Beutel
    Int J Psychoanal 85:1493-6. 2004
  55. doi request reprint An interfering Go/No-go task does not affect accuracy in a Concealed Information Test
    Wolfgang Ambach
    Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health, Freiburg, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 68:6-16. 2008
    ..g. inhibition) was found. Subjects' performance in the Go/No-go parallel task did not contribute to the detection of concealed information. Generalizability needs further investigations of different variations of the parallel task...
  56. ncbi request reprint On framing effects in decision making: linking lateral versus medial orbitofrontal cortex activation to choice outcome processing
    Sabine Windmann
    University of Plymouth, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 18:1198-211. 2006
    ..American Psychologist, 39, 341-350, 1984]. Specialized processing of unsteady rewards (involving caudolateral OFC) may have developed during evolution in support of goal-related thinking, prospective planning, and problem solving...
  57. ncbi request reprint Neuroimaging of emotion: empirical effects of proportional global signal scaling in fMRI data analysis
    Markus Junghofer
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Germany
    Neuroimage 25:520-6. 2005
    ..Taken together, the unwarranted use of PGSS might contribute to conflicting results in affective neuroscience fMRI studies, in particular with respect to limbic and paralimbic structures...
  58. ncbi request reprint Neurobiology of fear and disgust
    Dieter Vaitl
    Int J Psychophysiol 57:1-4. 2005