Simon H, Thuret S, Alberi L. Midbrain dopaminergic neurons: control of their cell fate by the engrailed transcription factors. Cell Tissue Res. 2004;318:53-61 pubmed
..The inactivation of engrailed by RNA interference induces apoptosis in less than 24 h. These data suggest that the engrailed genes control an essential mechanism for the survival of mesDA neurons. ..
Simon H, Scholz C, O Leary D. Engrailed genes control developmental fate of serotonergic and noradrenergic neurons in mid- and hindbrain in a gene dose-dependent manner. Mol Cell Neurosci. 2005;28:96-105 pubmed
..An almost identical phenotype is found in mutant mice null for Wnt1, indicating that the engrailed genes provide essential positional information for the development of the two nuclei during early embryogenesis. ..