W Shotyk

Summary

Affiliation: University of Heidelberg
Country: Germany

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Anthropogenic impacts on the biogeochemistry and cycling of antimony
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 236, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Met Ions Biol Syst 44:171-203. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Atmospheric deposition of silver and thallium since 12 370 14C years BP recorded by a Swiss peat bog profile, and comparison with lead and cadmium
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    J Environ Monit 6:427-33. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint Lithogenic, oceanic and anthropogenic sources of atmospheric Sb to a maritime blanket bog, Myrarnar, Faroe Islands
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
    J Environ Monit 7:1148-54. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Natural abundance of Sb and Sc in pristine groundwaters, Springwater Township, Ontario, Canada, and implications for tracing contamination from landfill leachates
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
    J Environ Monit 7:1238-44. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Biogeochemistry and cycling of lead
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 236, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Met Ions Biol Syst 43:239-75. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Contamination of Canadian and European bottled waters with antimony from PET containers
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
    J Environ Monit 8:288-92. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint New peat bog record of atmospheric lead pollution in Switzerland: Pb concentrations, enrichment factors, isotopic composition, and organolead species
    W Shotyk
    Geological Institute, University of Berne, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 36:3893-900. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint The chronology of anthropogenic, atmospheric Pb deposition recorded by peat cores in three minerogenic peat deposits from Switzerland
    W Shotyk
    Geological Institute, University of Berne, Switzerland
    Sci Total Environ 292:19-31. 2002
  9. ncbi request reprint Lead in bottled waters: contamination from glass and comparison with pristine groundwater
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Environ Sci Technol 41:3508-13. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Predominant anthropogenic sources and rates of atmospheric mercury accumulation in southern Ontario recorded by peat cores from three bogs: comparison with natural "background" values (past 8000 years)
    Nicolas Givelet
    Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Berne, Baltzerstrasse 1 3, CH 3012 Berne, Switzerland
    J Environ Monit 5:935-49. 2003

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications33

  1. ncbi request reprint Anthropogenic impacts on the biogeochemistry and cycling of antimony
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 236, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Met Ions Biol Syst 44:171-203. 2005
    ..Further study of this problem is needed, as well as the chemical speciation of Sb in soil-water-plant-sediment systems, and the implications which this has for human and ecosystem health...
  2. ncbi request reprint Atmospheric deposition of silver and thallium since 12 370 14C years BP recorded by a Swiss peat bog profile, and comparison with lead and cadmium
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    J Environ Monit 6:427-33. 2004
    ..The Pb/Ag and Tl/Ag ratios show that Pb and Tl are preferentially released, compared to Ag, during smelting of argentiferous Pb ores mined during the Roman and Medieval Periods...
  3. ncbi request reprint Lithogenic, oceanic and anthropogenic sources of atmospheric Sb to a maritime blanket bog, Myrarnar, Faroe Islands
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
    J Environ Monit 7:1148-54. 2005
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Natural abundance of Sb and Sc in pristine groundwaters, Springwater Township, Ontario, Canada, and implications for tracing contamination from landfill leachates
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
    J Environ Monit 7:1238-44. 2005
    ..The Sb and Sc concentrations reported here should serve as reference values for this region, against which contamination by various human impacts in future could be compared...
  5. ncbi request reprint Biogeochemistry and cycling of lead
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 236, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Met Ions Biol Syst 43:239-75. 2005
    ..Accurate and precise measurements of the isotopic composition of Pb employing appropriate clean lab protocols, will continue to advance our understanding of the fate of Pb in the environment and its impact on human and ecosystem health...
  6. ncbi request reprint Contamination of Canadian and European bottled waters with antimony from PET containers
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
    J Environ Monit 8:288-92. 2006
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint New peat bog record of atmospheric lead pollution in Switzerland: Pb concentrations, enrichment factors, isotopic composition, and organolead species
    W Shotyk
    Geological Institute, University of Berne, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 36:3893-900. 2002
    ..In fact the decline in anthropogenic Pb was probably in response to the introduction of legislation, first in Germany and later in the European Union, establishing a maximum allowable concentration of Pb in gasoline...
  8. ncbi request reprint The chronology of anthropogenic, atmospheric Pb deposition recorded by peat cores in three minerogenic peat deposits from Switzerland
    W Shotyk
    Geological Institute, University of Berne, Switzerland
    Sci Total Environ 292:19-31. 2002
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Lead in bottled waters: contamination from glass and comparison with pristine groundwater
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Environ Sci Technol 41:3508-13. 2007
    ..In fact, all of the waters tested were well below the maximum allowable concentration established by the EU, Health Canada, and the WHO for Pb in drinking water (10 microg/L)...
  10. ncbi request reprint Predominant anthropogenic sources and rates of atmospheric mercury accumulation in southern Ontario recorded by peat cores from three bogs: comparison with natural "background" values (past 8000 years)
    Nicolas Givelet
    Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Berne, Baltzerstrasse 1 3, CH 3012 Berne, Switzerland
    J Environ Monit 5:935-49. 2003
    ..While Hg accumulation rates have gone into strong decline since the late 1950's, Hg deposition rates today still exceed the average natural background values by 7 to 13 times...
  11. ncbi request reprint Use of Br and Se in peat to reconstruct the natural and anthropogenic fluxes of atmospheric Hg: A 10000-year record from Caribou Bog, Maine
    F Roos-Barraclough
    Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Berne, Baltzerstrasse 1 3, CH 3012 Berne, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 40:3188-94. 2006
    ..At the peak in Hg deposition in 1961 A.D., Hgex made up >90% of total atmospheric Hg deposition. The AR in the uppermost peat decreased to 25% of peak values by 2000 A.D...
  12. ncbi request reprint A new approach for quantifying cumulative, anthropogenic, atmospheric lead deposition using peat cores from bogs: Pb in eight Swiss peat bog profiles
    W Shotyk
    Geological Institute, University of Berne, Switzerland
    Sci Total Environ 249:281-95. 2000
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Spatial distribution of natural enrichments of arsenic, selenium, and uranium in a minerotrophic peatland, Gola di Lago, Canton Ticino, Switzerland
    Zayre I González
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, Im Neuenheimer Feld 236, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Environ Sci Technol 40:6568-74. 2006
    ..In both cases, most of the As was associated with the organic matter fraction (73% and 57% respectively). Although this peatland is an effective geochemical trap for As in the stream waters, the mechanisms of removal remain unclear...
  14. ncbi request reprint Comparison of atmospheric deposition of copper, nickel, cobalt, zinc, and cadmium recorded by Finnish peat cores with monitoring data and emission records
    Nicole Rausch
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 236, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Environ Sci Technol 39:5989-98. 2005
    ..ARs of Zn were between 3 and 30 mg m(-2) year(-1) and those of Cd between 24 and 140 microg m(-2) year(-1) at all sites and are independent of the chronology of their inputs from the atmosphere...
  15. ncbi request reprint Atmospheric mercury accumulation rates between 5900 and 800 calibrated years BP in the High Arctic of Canada recorded by peat hummocks
    Nicolas Givelet
    Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Berne, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 38:4964-72. 2004
    ..In preindustrial times, therefore, the High Arctic was no more important as a sink for global atmospheric mercury than was the temperate zone...
  16. ncbi request reprint Identifying the sources and timing of ancient and medieval atmospheric lead pollution in England using a peat profile from Lindow bog, Manchester
    Gaël Le Roux
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 236, 69120, Germany
    J Environ Monit 6:502-10. 2004
    ....
  17. doi request reprint Atmospheric inputs of Ag and Tl to the Arctic: comparison of a high resolution snow pit (AD 1994-2004) with a firn (AD 1860-1996) and an ice core (previous 16,000 yr)
    Michael Krachler
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    Sci Total Environ 399:78-89. 2008
    ..Based on the best estimate of natural inputs, more than 80% of the Ag and 90% of the Tl supplied to the Arctic today (AD 1994-2004) are derived from anthropogenic sources...
  18. ncbi request reprint Two thousand years of atmospheric rare earth element (REE) deposition as revealed by an ombrotrophic peat bog profile, Jura Mountains, Switzerland
    Michael Krachler
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 236, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    J Environ Monit 5:111-21. 2003
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Atmospheric deposition of V, Cr, and Ni since the late glacial: effects of climatic cycles, human impacts, and comparison with crustal abundances
    Michael Krachler
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 236, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Environ Sci Technol 37:2658-67. 2003
    ..This study demonstrates the usefulness of peat bogs as archives of atmospheric metal deposition and underpins the potential of peat cores to help distinguish between lithogenic and anthropogenic metal sources...
  20. doi request reprint Trace and ultratrace metals in bottled waters: survey of sources worldwide and comparison with refillable metal bottles
    Michael Krachler
    Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    Sci Total Environ 407:1089-96. 2009
    ..Pocket flasks, in turn, should be selected with great care to avoid contamination of beverages with harmful amounts of potentially toxic trace metals such as Sb and Tl...
  21. ncbi request reprint Increasing atmospheric antimony contamination in the northern hemisphere: snow and ice evidence from Devon Island, Arctic Canada
    Michael Krachler
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 236, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
    J Environ Monit 7:1169-76. 2005
    ..Given that the toxicity of Sb is comparable to that of Pb, Sb has now replaced Pb in the rank of potentially toxic trace metals in the Arctic atmosphere...
  22. ncbi request reprint Natural and anthropogenic enrichments of molybdenum, thorium, and uranium in a complete peat bog profile, Jura Mountains, Switzerland
    Michael Krachler
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 236, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
    J Environ Monit 6:418-26. 2004
    ..Uranium does not show the same enrichment pattern which suggests that steel-making rather than coal combustion is the primary source of atmospheric Mo contamination at this site...
  23. doi request reprint Determination of trace element concentrations in natural freshwaters: how low is "low", and how low do we need to go?
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    J Environ Monit 11:1747-53. 2009
    ..g. As and U in groundwater), or because of human activities (e.g. atmospheric contamination of snow with Pb and Sb)...
  24. doi request reprint Trace elements in recent groundwater of an artesian flow system and comparison with snow: enrichments, depletions, and chemical evolution of the water
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
    J Environ Monit 12:208-17. 2010
    ..Elements neither significantly enriched nor depleted at both sites include Fe, Ga, Ge, and P...
  25. ncbi request reprint Suggested protocol for collecting, handling and preparing peat cores and peat samples for physical, chemical, mineralogical and isotopic analyses
    Nicolas Givelet
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 236, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    J Environ Monit 6:481-92. 2004
    ..Radiometric methods (the carbon bomb pulse of (14)C, (210)Pb and conventional (14)C dating) are combined to allow reliable age-depth models to be reconstructed for each peat profile...
  26. ncbi request reprint Contamination of bottled waters with antimony leaching from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) increases upon storage
    William Shotyk
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Environ Sci Technol 41:1560-3. 2007
    ..3+/-0.3 ng/L Sb (n = 3) when sampled from a household faucet in the same village (Bammental, Germany), and 25.7+/-1.5 ng/L Sb (n = 3) from a local artesian flow...
  27. ncbi request reprint An analytical protocol for the determination of total mercury concentrations in solid peat samples
    F Roos-Barraclough
    Geological Institute, University of Berne, Switzerland
    Sci Total Environ 292:129-39. 2002
    ..Bulk density and water content measurements are performed on every slice using separate subsamples...
  28. doi request reprint Atmospheric Pb and Ti accumulation rates from Sphagnum moss: dependence upon plant productivity
    H Kempter
    Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Environ Sci Technol 44:5509-15. 2010
    ..The median rates of net Pb accumulation by the mosses are in excellent agreement with the fluxes obtained by direct atmospheric measurements at nearby monitoring stations in both regions (EMEP and MAPESI data)...
  29. ncbi request reprint Porewater evidence of metal (Cu, Ni, Co, Zn, Cd) mobilization in an acidic, ombrotrophic bog impacted by a smelter, Harjavalta, Finland and comparison with reference sites
    Nicole Rausch
    Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 236, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Environ Sci Technol 39:8207-13. 2005
    ..4). The elevated proton concentrations not only promote mineral dissolution but also compete with cation exchange processes and hinder the formation of metal complexes with organic ligands...
  30. ncbi request reprint Comparative study of the temporal evolution of atmospheric lead deposition in Scotland and eastern Canada using blanket peat bogs
    Dominik Weis
    Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Science, MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Sci Total Environ 292:7-18. 2002
    ..These results are thus the first to report pre-industrial lead isotope ratios and concentrations of atmospheric derived aerosols in North America...
  31. ncbi request reprint Antimony: global environmental contaminant
    William Shotyk
    J Environ Monit 7:1135-6. 2005
  32. ncbi request reprint Millennial-scale records of atmospheric mercury deposition obtained from ombrotrophic and minerotrophic peatlands in the Swiss Jura Mountains
    Fiona Roos-Barraclough
    Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Bern, Baltzerstrasse 1 3, CH 3012 Bern, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 37:235-44. 2003
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Archives of environmental contamination
    William Shotyk
    J Environ Monit 6:417. 2004