R Rupprecht

Summary

Affiliation: University of Munich
Country: Germany

Publications

  1. ncbi [Significance of GABAA receptors for the pathophysiology and therapy of panic disorders]
    R Rupprecht
    Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie der Ludwig Maximilians Universität München, Munich
    Nervenarzt 74:543-51. 2003
  2. ncbi [New developments in pharmacotherapy of depression]
    R Rupprecht
    Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munchen
    Nervenarzt 75:273-80. 2004
  3. ncbi [Considerations in the combination of clozapine and benzodiazepines]
    R Rupprecht
    Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie der Ludwig Maximilians Universität München, Munchen, Deutschland
    Nervenarzt 75:857-60. 2004
  4. ncbi Neuroactive steroids: molecular mechanisms of action and implications for neuropsychopharmacology
    R Rupprecht
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany
    Brain Res Brain Res Rev 37:59-67. 2001
  5. ncbi [Diagnosis and treatment of panic disorder]
    R Rupprecht
    Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munchen
    MMW Fortschr Med 146:45-6, 48. 2004
  6. ncbi Assessment of neuroleptic-like properties of progesterone
    R Rupprecht
    Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Clinical Institute, Munich, Germany
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 143:29-38. 1999
  7. ncbi Neuroactive steroids: mechanisms of action and neuropsychopharmacological properties
    R Rupprecht
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 28:139-68. 2003
  8. ncbi Antipsychotic drugs antagonize human serotonin type 3 receptor currents in a noncompetitive manner
    G Rammes
    Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany
    Mol Psychiatry 9:846-58, 818. 2004
  9. ncbi Vigabatrin decreases cholecystokinin-tetrapeptide (CCK-4) induced panic in healthy volunteers
    P Zwanzger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Munich, Nussbaumstrasse 7, 80336 Munich, Germany
    Neuropsychopharmacology 25:699-703. 2001
  10. ncbi Effects of alprazolam on cholecystokinin-tetrapeptide-induced panic and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis activity: a placebo-controlled study
    P Zwanzger
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Nussbaumstrasse 7, 80336 Munich, Germany
    Neuropsychopharmacology 28:979-84. 2003

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. ncbi [Significance of GABAA receptors for the pathophysiology and therapy of panic disorders]
    R Rupprecht
    Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie der Ludwig Maximilians Universität München, Munich
    Nervenarzt 74:543-51. 2003
    ....
  2. ncbi [New developments in pharmacotherapy of depression]
    R Rupprecht
    Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munchen
    Nervenarzt 75:273-80. 2004
    ..Nevertheless, follow-up of new pharmacological strategies is of major importance to provide even better strategies for the clinical management of depression, which also has great socioeconomic impact...
  3. ncbi [Considerations in the combination of clozapine and benzodiazepines]
    R Rupprecht
    Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie der Ludwig Maximilians Universität München, Munchen, Deutschland
    Nervenarzt 75:857-60. 2004
    ..Moreover, the formulation of such guidelines would help with forensic issues in case of serious adverse events occurring during this combination therapy...
  4. ncbi Neuroactive steroids: molecular mechanisms of action and implications for neuropsychopharmacology
    R Rupprecht
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany
    Brain Res Brain Res Rev 37:59-67. 2001
    ..Neuroactive steroids affect a broad spectrum of behavioral functions through their unique molecular properties and may constitute a yet unexploited class of drugs...
  5. ncbi [Diagnosis and treatment of panic disorder]
    R Rupprecht
    Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munchen
    MMW Fortschr Med 146:45-6, 48. 2004
    ..Benzodiazepines should be given for only a few weeks until the antipanic effect of the antidepressants kicks in. With appropriate treatment, the prognosis is favorable...
  6. ncbi Assessment of neuroleptic-like properties of progesterone
    R Rupprecht
    Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Clinical Institute, Munich, Germany
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 143:29-38. 1999
    ....
  7. ncbi Neuroactive steroids: mechanisms of action and neuropsychopharmacological properties
    R Rupprecht
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 28:139-68. 2003
    ..Neuroactive steroids affect a broad spectrum of behavioral functions through their unique molecular properties and may represent a new treatment strategy for neuropsychiatric disorders...
  8. ncbi Antipsychotic drugs antagonize human serotonin type 3 receptor currents in a noncompetitive manner
    G Rammes
    Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany
    Mol Psychiatry 9:846-58, 818. 2004
    ....
  9. ncbi Vigabatrin decreases cholecystokinin-tetrapeptide (CCK-4) induced panic in healthy volunteers
    P Zwanzger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Munich, Nussbaumstrasse 7, 80336 Munich, Germany
    Neuropsychopharmacology 25:699-703. 2001
    ....
  10. ncbi Effects of alprazolam on cholecystokinin-tetrapeptide-induced panic and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis activity: a placebo-controlled study
    P Zwanzger
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Nussbaumstrasse 7, 80336 Munich, Germany
    Neuropsychopharmacology 28:979-84. 2003
    ..In conclusion, our data show that alprazolam reduces CCK-4-induced panic, which supports the hypothesis of a possible interaction between the GABA and the CCK system...
  11. ncbi Sleep deprivation and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity in depressed patients
    C Schule
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilian University, Nussbaumstr 7, 80336 Munich, Germany
    J Psychiatr Res 35:239-47. 2001
    ....
  12. ncbi Neuroactive steroids as modulators of depression and anxiety
    D Eser
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany
    Neuroscience 138:1041-8. 2006
    ..The modulation of GABA type A-receptors by neuroactive steroids might contribute to the pathophysiology of depression and anxiety disorders and might offer new targets for the development of novel anxiolytic compounds...
  13. ncbi Allopregnanolone affects sleep in a benzodiazepine-like fashion
    M Lancel
    Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Clinical Institute, Munich, Germany
    J Pharmacol Exp Ther 282:1213-8. 1997
    ..These data indicate that the steroid allopregnanolone has benzodiazepine-like effects on sleep...
  14. doi Impact of gene-gender effects of adrenergic polymorphisms on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity in depressed patients
    S Haefner
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany
    Neuropsychobiology 58:154-62. 2008
    ..We hypothesized that due to the multiple interactions between the sympathetic and the HPA systems via adrenoceptors, polymorphisms in these genes could have an impact on HPA axis activity in major depression...
  15. ncbi Fluoxetine decreases concentrations of 3 alpha, 5 alpha-tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone (THDOC) in major depression
    A Strohle
    Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Kraepelinstrasse 10, 80804, Munich, Germany
    J Psychiatr Res 34:183-6. 2000
    ..Our results give further evidence for a disequilibrium of 3 alpha-reduced neuroactive steroids in major depression, which is normalized by treatment with fluoxetine...
  16. ncbi SNP and haplotype analysis of a novel tryptophan hydroxylase isoform (TPH2) gene provide evidence for association with major depression
    P Zill
    Psychiatric Hospital of the Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Munich D 80336, Germany
    Mol Psychiatry 9:1030-6. 2004
    ..These results may open up new research strategies for the analysis of the observed disturbances in the serotonergic system in patients suffering from several other psychiatric disorders...
  17. ncbi Polymorphisms in the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene are associated with unipolar depression, ACE activity and hypercortisolism
    T C Baghai
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany
    Mol Psychiatry 11:1003-15. 2006
    ..We could show that SNP rs4291 influences ACE activity and HPA-axis hyperactivity and might therefore represent a common pathophysiologic link for unipolar depression and cardiovascular disease...
  18. ncbi Attenuation of HPA axis hyperactivity and simultaneous clinical deterioration in a depressed patient treated with mirtazapine
    C Schule
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilians University, Nussbaumstrasse 7, 80336 Munich, Germany
    World J Biol Psychiatry 2:103-5. 2001
    ..However, this amelioration of HPA system dysregulation is not necessarily accompanied by clinical improvement...
  19. doi Reduced gray matter brain volumes are associated with variants of the serotonin transporter gene in major depression
    T Frodl
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Munich, Germany
    Mol Psychiatry 13:1093-101. 2008
    ..Patients with depression show reduced GM volumes, particularly when they are homozygous for the L(A)-allele, suggesting that these patients are more vulnerable for morphological changes during depressive episodes...
  20. ncbi Serotonin-2A-receptor and -transporter polymorphisms: lack of association in patients with major depression
    C Minov
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Nussbaumstrasse 7, D 80336, Munich, Germany
    Neurosci Lett 303:119-22. 2001
    ..However, subtypes might be identified at least on a basis of differential treatment response...
  21. ncbi Combined treatment with corticosteroids and moclobemide favors normalization of hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis dysregulation in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: a randomized, double blind trial
    F Then Bergh
    Department of Neurology, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, 80804 Munich, Germany
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 86:1610-5. 2001
    ..Although corticosteroids alone had no effect on the HPA response using the dexamethasone-CRH test, treatment with moclobemide combined with corticosteroids favors normalization of the HPA response in relapsing-remitting MS...
  22. ncbi The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor channel blockers memantine, MRZ 2/579 and other amino-alkyl-cyclohexanes antagonise 5-HT(3) receptor currents in cultured HEK-293 and N1E-115 cell systems in a non-competitive manner
    G Rammes
    Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Kraepelinstrabetae 2 10, D 80804, Munchen, Germany
    Neurosci Lett 306:81-4. 2001
    ....
  23. ncbi Neuroactive steroids and affective disorders
    D Eser
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilian University, Nussbaumstr 7, 80336 Munich, Germany
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 84:656-66. 2006
    ..In conclusion, neuroactive steroids are important endogenous modulators of depression and anxiety and may provide a basis for development of novel therapeutic agents in the treatment of affective disorders...
  24. ncbi Influence of mirtazapine on plasma concentrations of neuroactive steroids in major depression and on 3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity
    C Schule
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany
    Mol Psychiatry 11:261-72. 2006
    ..However, the changes in neuroactive steroid concentrations more likely reflect direct pharmacological effects of this antidepressant rather than clinical improvement in general...
  25. ncbi The combined dexamethasone-CRH test before and after repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in major depression
    P Zwanzger
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Nussbaumstrasse 7, Germany
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 28:376-85. 2003
    ..Here, we investigated whether repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) also leads to a normalization of HPA system activity in depressed patients...
  26. ncbi Plasma gamma-amino-butyric acid (GABA) levels in cholecystokinine-tetrapeptide (CCK-4) induced anxiety
    P Zwanzger
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Munich, Munich, Germany
    J Neural Transm 110:313-6. 2003
    ..To evaluate a possible relationship between plasma GABA and CCK-4 induced panic plasma GABA levels in healthy volunteers were investigated...
  27. ncbi Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation induces active coping strategies and attenuates the neuroendocrine stress response in rats
    M E Keck
    Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Kraepelinstr 2 10, 80804, Munich, Germany
    J Psychiatr Res 34:265-76. 2000
    ....
  28. ncbi Flunitrazepam has an inverse agonistic effect on recombinant alpha6beta2gamma2-GABAA receptors via a flunitrazepam-binding site
    C A Hauser
    Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Clinical Institute, Kraepelinstrasse 10, 80804 Munich, Federal Republic of Germany
    J Biol Chem 272:11723-7. 1997
    ..We conclude that flunitrazepam can act as either an agonist or an inverse agonist, depending on the GABAA receptor configuration...
  29. ncbi [New insights into the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of depression]
    C Schule
    Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, Nussbaumstrasse 7, 80336, Munchen
    Nervenarzt 78:531-47; quiz 548-9. 2007
    ..These upcoming pathophysiological concepts have also initiated novel treatment approaches whose clinical utility still has to be demonstrated...
  30. doi [Core symptoms of depression. Effectiveness of antidepressant therapy]
    J Damm
    Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, Nussbaumstrasse 7, 80336, Munchen
    Nervenarzt 80:515-6, 518, 520 passim. 2009
    ..Because the positive diagnosis of the core symptoms of depression may include clinical consequences, it would be useful to integrate all these concepts into the upcoming new versions of the diagnostic systems DSM-V and ICD-11...
  31. doi Neuroactive steroids in affective disorders: target for novel antidepressant or anxiolytic drugs?
    C Schule
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ludwig Maximilian University, Nussbaumstrasse 7, 80336 Munich, Germany
    Neuroscience 191:55-77. 2011
    ..This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Neuroactive Steroids: Focus on Human Brain...
  32. doi Sleep disturbances and depressed mood: a harmful combination associated with increased leptin levels in women with normal weight
    S Hafner
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Biol Psychol 89:163-9. 2012
    ..01). No associations were found in men and in overweight women. Our results suggest that leptin regulation in depressed mood and sleep disturbances very much depend on sex and weight...
  33. doi Translocator protein (18 kDa) as a target for novel anxiolytics with a favourable side-effect profile
    C Nothdurfter
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Munich, Germany
    J Neuroendocrinol 24:82-92. 2012
    ..In this review, we focus on the pathophysiology of anxiety disorders and TSPO ligands as a novel pharmacological approach in the treatment of these disorders...
  34. ncbi Independent component analysis applied to pharmacological magnetic resonance imaging (phMRI): new insights into the functional networks underlying panic attacks as induced by CCK-4
    A C Dieler
    Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Munich, Germany
    Curr Pharm Des 14:3492-507. 2008
    ..In conclusion, group ICA is a promising tool for phMRI studies that allows quantifying and visualizing the modulation of neural networks by pharmacological interventions...
  35. doi Effects of experimentally induced panic attacks on neuroimmunological markers
    L de la Fontaine
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilian University, Nussbaumstr 7, 80336 Munich, Germany
    J Neural Transm 116:699-702. 2009
    ..Herein we conducted for the first time a new approach to immunological research in panic disorder, suggesting immune changes are more related to long term disease stress...
  36. ncbi The influence of subchronic administration of the neurosteroid allopregnanolone on sleep in the rat
    K Damianisch
    Max-Planck-Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany
    Neuropsychopharmacology 25:576-84. 2001
    ..The lack of tolerance effects suggests that allopregnanolone may be an efficacious modulator of sleep-wake behavior over longer time periods than most drugs targeting the benzodiazepine binding site of the GABA(A) receptor...
  37. ncbi Neuroactive steroids in neuropsychopharmacology
    R Rupprecht
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, 80336 Munich, Germany
    Int Rev Neurobiol 46:461-77. 2001
    ....
  38. ncbi Alpha-thujone reduces 5-HT3 receptor activity by an effect on the agonist-reduced desensitization
    T Deiml
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, Munich, Germany
    Neuropharmacology 46:192-201. 2004
    ..It remains to be shown if this inhibitory action on serotonergic responses contributes to behavioral effects of alpha-thujone...
  39. ncbi [Electroconvulsive therapy at the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Munich. Development during the years 1995-2002]
    T C Baghai
    Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munchen
    Nervenarzt 76:597-612. 2005
    ..This holds especially true for disturbances, which are refractory to pharmacological treatments...
  40. ncbi Treatment of mitral valve prolapse and panic disorder with metoprolol
    P Zwanzger
    Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig Maximilian University, Nussbaumstrasse 7, 80336 Munich, Germany
    World J Biol Psychiatry 1:124-5. 2000
    ..This case report suggests that betablockers might represent a useful tool in the treatment of panic disorder and mitral valve prolapse...
  41. ncbi Lack of association of serotonin-2A receptor gene polymorphism (T102C) with suicidal ideation and suicide
    B Bondy
    Psychiatric Clinic, University of Munich, Munich, Germany
    Am J Med Genet 96:831-5. 2000
    ..Thus, our results suggest that this polymorphism may not commonly be involved in the susceptibility to suicidality. Am. J. Med. Genet. (Neuropsychiatr. Genet.) 96:831-835, 2000...
  42. ncbi Increased growth hormone response to apomorphine in Parkinson disease compared with multiple system atrophy
    E Friess
    Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Kraepelinstr 10, D 80804 Munich, Germany
    Arch Neurol 58:241-6. 2001
    ..In search of a suitable endocrinologic challenge test, we investigated dopaminergic sensitivity in patients with de novo parkinsonian syndromes...
  43. ncbi Oxidative stress-resistant cells are protected against haloperidol toxicity
    C Behl
    Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Clinical Institute, Munich, Germany
    Brain Res 717:193-5. 1996
    ..This data strongly supports the causative involvement of free radicals in haloperidol-induced cell death...
  44. doi Social isolation and depressed mood are associated with elevated serum leptin levels in men but not in women
    S Hafner
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, Ludwig Maximilian University Munich, Munich, Germany
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 36:200-9. 2011
    ..We aimed to explore the association between leptin levels and two stress-related conditions, social isolation and depressed mood, both associated with increased cardiovascular mortality...
  45. ncbi Combined action of the ACE D- and the G-protein beta3 T-allele in major depression: a possible link to cardiovascular disease?
    B Bondy
    Psychiatric Department of University Munich, Nussbaumstrasse 7, D 80336 Munich, Germany
    Mol Psychiatry 7:1120-6. 2002
    ..Nevertheless our study reports for the first time that the same allelic combination of two genes that have been shown to increase the risk for myocardial infarction (Naber et al, 2000) increase the vulnerability for depressive disorder...
  46. ncbi [Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the prefrontal cortex--the last resort in the treatment of depression?]
    F Padberg
    Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, LMU Munchen
    MMW Fortschr Med 146:16-7. 2004
  47. ncbi [Current aspects of attachment theory and development psychology as well as neurobiological aspects in psychiatric and psychosomatic disorders]
    F Pedrosa Gil
    Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, Psychosomatische Ambulanz, Medizinische Klinik, Munich
    Nervenarzt 74:965-71. 2003
    ..Besides the psychoanalytical and behavioral view concerning psychiatric and especially psychosomatic disorders, the integration of neurobiological findings will be a major challenge for the generation of further concepts...
  48. ncbi Psybertherapy on the Internet and its implications for psychiatry, psychotherapy, and psychosomatics
    O Seemann
    Psychiatrische Klinik, Nussbaumstr 7, D 80336 MUnchen, Germany
    Eur J Med Res 3:571-6. 1998
    ..The systematic review gives access to the most important fields of mental health on the Internet. Finally, some of the risks of this kind of communication for therapy and society are visible...
  49. ncbi Heterodimerization between mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptor: a new principle of glucocorticoid action in the CNS
    T Trapp
    Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Neuroendocrinology Munich, Germany
    Neuron 13:1457-62. 1994
    ..Our findings demonstrate that heterodimerization of MR and GR is a hitherto unrecognized principle for the transcriptional regulation of glucocorticoid-responsive genes in tissue coexpressing these receptors...
  50. ncbi Antidepressants are functional antagonists at the serotonin type 3 (5-HT3) receptor
    B Eisensamer
    Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany
    Mol Psychiatry 8:994-1007. 2003
    ..In conclusion, structurally different types of antidepressants modulate the function of this ligand-gated ion channel. This may represent a yet unrecognized pharmacological principle of antidepressants...
  51. ncbi Bcl-2 prevents hippocampal cell death induced by the neuroleptic drug haloperidol
    F Lezoualc'h
    Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Clinical Institute, Munich, Germany
    Brain Res 738:176-9. 1996
    ..We found that clonal mouse hippocampal cells stably transfected with the antioxidant Bcl-2 are protected against haloperidol toxicity. This data strongly supports the causative involvement of free radicals in haloperidol toxicity...
  52. ncbi Vigabatrin and tiagabine might have antipanic properties
    P Zwanzger
    J Psychopharmacol 18:440. 2004
  53. ncbi Molecular cloning, functional expression, and pharmacological characterization of 5-hydroxytryptamine3 receptor cDNA and its splice variants from guinea pig
    S Lankiewicz
    Lehrstuhl fur Zellphysiologie, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, D 44780 Bochum, Germany
    Mol Pharmacol 53:202-12. 1998
    ..Molecular determinants of the PBG binding site of the human 5-HT3 receptor were localized to a 28-amino-acid spanning region adjacent to the M1 region...
  54. ncbi [Cognitive effects of combined memory and psychomotor training in elderly adults]
    C Valencia
    Universidad de Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia
    Rev Neurol 46:465-71. 2008
    ..Among the intervention strategies commonly used, combined programmes like those involving memory and psychomotor skills have the greatest beneficial effects on cognition in the short and long term...
  55. ncbi [Anticonvulsants in the treatment of anxiety--an alternative treatment option?]
    P Zwanzger
    Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitatsklinikum Munster, Albert Schweitzer Strasse 11, 49149 Munster
    Nervenarzt 78:1274-82. 2007
    ..This article gives an overview of investigations to date on the effects of various anticonvulsants in panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and social phobia...
  56. ncbi Neuropsychological profile of adult patients with Niemann-Pick C1 (NPC1) mutations
    B Klarner
    Institute for Psychogerontology, University of Erlangen Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany
    J Inherit Metab Dis 30:60-7. 2007
    ..The series of tests used here could be supplemented by the severe impairment battery and Raven matrices tests for patients with advanced disease...
  57. ncbi Neuroactive steroids are not affected by panic induction with 50 microg cholecystokinin-tetrapeptide (CCK-4) in healthy volunteers
    P Zwanzger
    J Psychiatr Res 38:215-7. 2004
  58. ncbi [Non-medicamentous therapy and prevention of Alzheimer disease]
    W D Oswald
    , Germany
    Z Gerontol Geriatr 34:116-21. 2001
    ..The last section is dedicated to the risk decreasing effects of a combined memory and psychomotor training program which was developed within the study's scope...
  59. pmc Co-expression of the 5-HT3B serotonin receptor subunit alters the biophysics of the 5-HT3 receptor
    G Hapfelmeier
    Department of Anaesthesiology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universitat Munchen, Germany
    Biophys J 84:1720-33. 2003
    ....
  60. ncbi Antidepressants do not modulate estrogen receptor alpha-mediated gene expression
    B Hermann
    Max-Planck-Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Federal Republic of Germany
    J Neural Transm 108:1197-202. 2001
    ..Thus, there are differences between the glucocorticoid receptor and the estrogen receptor alpha with regard to ligand-independent activation and action of antidepressants...
  61. ncbi In vivo and in vitro effects of glucocorticoids on lymphocyte proliferation in depression
    R Rupprecht
    Department of Psychiatry, , Federal Republic of Germany
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 241:35-40. 1991
    ..These data support the concept of a decreased functional plasticity of the glucocorticoid receptor in depression also at the cellular level...