G Lutter

Summary

Affiliation: University of Kiel
Country: Germany

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Biological bypass in cardiovascular surgery
    G Lutter
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Christian Albrecht University of Kiel, School of Medicine, Kiel, Germany
    Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 52:237-48. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Percutaneous valve replacement: current state and future prospects
    Georg Lutter
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, School of Medicine, Kiel, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 78:2199-206. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint Invited commentary
    Georg Lutter
    Research Department, University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Arnold Heller Str 7, Kiel D 24105, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 85:100-1. 2008
  4. doi request reprint Off-pump transapical mitral valve replacement
    Georg Lutter
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 36:124-8; discussion 128. 2009
  5. doi request reprint Mitral valved stent implantation
    Georg Lutter
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, School of Medicine, Arnold Heller Str 7, D 24105, Kiel, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 38:350-5. 2010
  6. doi request reprint Invited commentary
    Georg Lutter
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Arnold Heller Str 7, Kiel, D 24105 Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 85:1065-6. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of the indirect revascularization method after 3 months chronic myocardial ischemia
    G Lutter
    Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University, School of Medicine, Freiburg, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 18:38-45. 2000
  8. ncbi request reprint Transmyocardial laser-revascularization: experimental studies on prolonged acute regional ischemia
    G Lutter
    Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University, School of Medicine, Freiburg, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 13:694-701. 1998
  9. ncbi request reprint Analysis of the new indirect revascularization method by determining objective parameters of clinical chemistry, histo-chemistry and histology
    G Lutter
    Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg, School of Medicine, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 15:709-16. 1999
  10. ncbi request reprint Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR) in patients with unstable angina and low ejection fraction
    G Lutter
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University, Freiburg, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 13:21-6. 1998

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. ncbi request reprint Biological bypass in cardiovascular surgery
    G Lutter
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Christian Albrecht University of Kiel, School of Medicine, Kiel, Germany
    Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 52:237-48. 2004
    ..Each patient, who has an ischemic area and cannot be conventionally revascularized, is a potential candidate for the biological bypass...
  2. ncbi request reprint Percutaneous valve replacement: current state and future prospects
    Georg Lutter
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, School of Medicine, Kiel, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 78:2199-206. 2004
    ..To perform a true replacement the diseased valve has to be ablated and removed. In this article, we review the development of percutaneous valve replacement technology and discuss future prospects in this field...
  3. ncbi request reprint Invited commentary
    Georg Lutter
    Research Department, University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Arnold Heller Str 7, Kiel D 24105, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 85:100-1. 2008
  4. doi request reprint Off-pump transapical mitral valve replacement
    Georg Lutter
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 36:124-8; discussion 128. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to analyse a self-expanding valved stent for minimally invasive replacement of the mitral valve in animals...
  5. doi request reprint Mitral valved stent implantation
    Georg Lutter
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, School of Medicine, Arnold Heller Str 7, D 24105, Kiel, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 38:350-5. 2010
    ..The current study was designed to assess the short-term follow-up using a mitral valved stent in off-pump technique...
  6. doi request reprint Invited commentary
    Georg Lutter
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Arnold Heller Str 7, Kiel, D 24105 Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 85:1065-6. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of the indirect revascularization method after 3 months chronic myocardial ischemia
    G Lutter
    Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University, School of Medicine, Freiburg, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 18:38-45. 2000
    ..The long-term effectiveness of transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR) was evaluated in the setting of a severe left anterior descending artery (LAD) stenosis...
  8. ncbi request reprint Transmyocardial laser-revascularization: experimental studies on prolonged acute regional ischemia
    G Lutter
    Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University, School of Medicine, Freiburg, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 13:694-701. 1998
    ..This experimental study in pigs was undertaken to answer the question whether TMLR after acute myocardial infarction may improve regional myocardial perfusion, left ventricular function and diminish myocardial necrosis in the area at risk...
  9. ncbi request reprint Analysis of the new indirect revascularization method by determining objective parameters of clinical chemistry, histo-chemistry and histology
    G Lutter
    Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg, School of Medicine, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 15:709-16. 1999
    ..In addition, the influence of TMLR on healthy myocardium was analyzed...
  10. ncbi request reprint Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR) in patients with unstable angina and low ejection fraction
    G Lutter
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University, Freiburg, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 13:21-6. 1998
    ..the intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) improve the postsurgical outcome of patients presenting with endstage coronary artery disease, unstable angina and low ejection fraction transferred for transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR)?..
  11. ncbi request reprint Minimal-invasive, video-assisted vein harvesting for cardiac and vascular surgical procedures
    C W Lutz
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 12:519-21. 1997
    ..We conclude that this technique is safe, may reduce the morbidity of saphenous vein harvesting and is associated with a perfect cosmetic result...
  12. doi request reprint Octogenarians undergoing combined aortic valve replacement and myocardial revascularization: perioperative mortality and medium-term survival
    A Boning
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Giessen and Marburg, Giessen, Germany
    Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 58:159-63. 2010
    ..Aim of the study was to answer the question whether the mortality and morbidity of octogenarians undergoing combined aortic valve replacement and myocardial revascularization (AVR + CABG) is higher than that of younger patients...
  13. ncbi request reprint Histologic findings of transmyocardial laser channels after two hours
    G Lutter
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Freiburg, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 65:1437-9. 1998
    ..This additional reversible injury immediately after transmyocardial laser revascularization could explain the higher mortality rate in patients with reduced left ventricular function...
  14. ncbi request reprint Investigations on the new free radical scavenger polynitroxyl-albumin to prevent ischemia and reperfusion injury after orthotopic heart transplantation in the pig model
    J Martin
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University, Hugstetter Strasse 55, D 79106, Freiburg, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 19:321-5. 2001
    ..Polynitroxyl-Albumin (PNA) is capable of regenerating inactivated nitroxide. We tested the effect of PNA against reperfusion injury in heart transplantation...
  15. doi request reprint A novel pulse duplicator system: evaluation of different valve prostheses
    P Haaf
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 57:10-7. 2009
    ..A novel valved stent for transapical or percutaneous valve implantation has been compared with a native heart valve and mechanical heart valves...
  16. doi request reprint Should the aortic valve be replaced in patients with mild aortic stenosis admitted for coronary surgery?
    A Boning
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Giessen, Giessen, Germany
    Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 56:467-70. 2008
    ..The question whether the aortic valve in patients with mild aortic stenosis undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) should be replaced or left alone is still controversial...
  17. ncbi request reprint Pathomorphological and histological analysis of the indirect revascularization method
    G Lutter
    Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg, School of Medicine, Germany
    Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 48:255-62. 2000
    ..This experimental study was initiated to determine whether TMLR may prevent porcine myocardium from ischemia and necrosis after acute myocardial infarction. In addition, the influence of TMLR on healthy myocardium was analyzed...
  18. ncbi request reprint Percutaneous aortic valve replacement: resection before implantation
    Rene Quaden
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, School of Medicine, Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, Arnold Heller Strasse 7, D 24105 Kiel, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 27:836-40. 2005
    ..After transluminal endovascular implantation of a new valved stent, the aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using a high-pressure water stream to endovascularly resect human calcified aortic valves...
  19. ncbi request reprint Percutaneous valve replacement: weird or wonderful?
    A Thiem
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, School of Medicine, Kiel, Germany
    Minerva Cardioangiol 54:23-30. 2006
    ..From an economic standpoint, shorter hospital stays result in overall cost reduction...
  20. ncbi request reprint Stroke volume variation during hemorrhage and after fluid loading: impact of different tidal volumes
    J Renner
    Departments of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Schwanenweg 21, D 24105 Kiel, Germany
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 51:538-44. 2007
    ..This study was designed to evaluate whether the predictive value of SVV depends on the tidal volume applied particularly during acute changes of preload...
  21. ncbi request reprint [Arterial grafts in coronary surgery for diabetic patients]
    J Cremer
    Klinik für Herz und Gefässchirurgie, Universitatsklinikum Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Arnold Heller Strasse 7, 24105 Kiel
    Clin Res Cardiol 95:i35-9. 2006
    ..Conclusively, diabetic patients should also significantly benefit from the use of the second mammary artery. Regarding conduit quality, a second IMA appears favorable over the radial artery...
  22. ncbi request reprint Myocardial performance index during rapidly changing loading conditions: impact of different tidal ventilation
    J Renner
    University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Bielefeld, Germany
    Eur J Anaesthesiol 25:217-23. 2008
    ..The aim of our study was to assess whether acute changes in preload and/or different depth of tidal volume ventilation affect the myocardial performance index...
  23. ncbi request reprint Percutaneous valve replacement: a novel low-profile polyurethane valved stent
    Tim Attmann
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, School of Medicine, Arnold Heller Str 7, D 24105 Kiel, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 30:379. 2006
  24. ncbi request reprint Global end-diastolic volume as a variable of fluid responsiveness during acute changing loading conditions
    Jochen Renner
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Kiel, Germany
    J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 21:650-4. 2007
    ..Therefore, the present study was designed to evaluate whether GEDV and LVEDA are suitable parameters of preload and fluid responsiveness during rapidly changing loading conditions...
  25. ncbi request reprint Percutaneous heart valve replacement: histology and calcification characteristics of biological valved stents in juvenile sheep
    Tim Attmann
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, School of Medicine, Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, Arnold Heller Str 7, D 24105 Kiel, Germany
    Cardiovasc Pathol 16:165-70. 2007
    ..The present study aimed to describe the micropathology after experimental percutaneous valve replacement...
  26. ncbi request reprint Midterm follow-up after minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting versus percutaneous coronary intervention techniques
    Sandra Fraund
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 79:1225-31. 2005
    ..The study compared the midterm results of both techniques...
  27. ncbi request reprint Percutaneous aortic valve replacement: an experimental study. I. Studies on implantation
    Georg Lutter
    Divisions of Cardiovascular Surgery, Cardiology, and Radiology, School of Medicine, Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 123:768-76. 2002
    ..The purpose of this preliminary study was to devise a new surgical procedure for minimally invasive aortic valve implantation with a transluminal technique...
  28. ncbi request reprint Microperfusion enhancement after TMLR in chronically ischemic porcine hearts
    G Lutter
    Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University, School of Medicine, Freiburg, Germany
    Cardiovasc Surg 9:281-91. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR) on myocardial perfusion and function in chronically ischemic myocardium...
  29. doi request reprint Percutaneous aortic valve replacement: endovascular resection of human aortic valves in situ
    Rene Quaden
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 135:1081-6. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to analyze endovascular laser-assisted resection of human aortic valves in situ in 10 human cadavers...
  30. ncbi request reprint Percutaneous valve replacement: significance of different delivery systems in vitro and in vivo
    Tim Attmann
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, School of Medicine, Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, Germany
    Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 29:406-12. 2006
    ..Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate different delivery devices for percutaneous heart valve replacement in vitro and in vivo...
  31. ncbi request reprint Advances in experimental percutaneous pulmonary valve replacement
    Tim Attmann
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, School of Medicine, Kiel, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 80:969-75. 2005
    ..Therefore, initial experience with the development of a completely percutaneous transfemoral technique for pulmonary valve implantation using a self-expanding valved stent is described...
  32. doi request reprint Percutaneous aortic valve replacement: computed tomography scan after valved stent implantation in human cadaver hearts
    Rene Bombien
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 36:592-4. 2009
    ..This demonstrates that the valved stent shows better fitting in the annulus after removal of the native valve...
  33. ncbi request reprint Percutaneous aortic valve replacement: first endovascular resection of human aortic valves in situ
    Rene Quaden
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 31:305. 2007
  34. doi request reprint Percutaneous aortic valve replacement: gross anatomy and histological findings after transapical and endoluminal resection of human aortic valves in situ
    René Hubert Bombien
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 36:112-7, discussion 117. 2009
    ..Transluminal resection of the aortic valve was already successfully carried out by our group. The aim of this study was the analysis of the gross anatomy and the histology of the surrounding tissue after resection...
  35. ncbi request reprint Endoscopic vs. conventional vein harvesting: first results with a new, non-disposable system
    C W Lutz
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Clinic, Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg, Hugstetterstrasse 55, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
    Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 49:321-7. 2001
    ..Minor complications that do not need surgical revision occur in up to 43 % of cases. We developed an endoscopic harvesting technique using non-disposable instruments to reduce wound complications caused by vein harvesting...
  36. doi request reprint Is there really a clinical benefit of using minimized extracorporeal circulation for coronary artery bypass grafting?
    J Schottler
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 56:65-70. 2008
    ..This prospective study was performed to evaluate whether minimized extracorporeal circulation has a clinical benefit for coronary artery surgery patients compared to standard extracorporeal circulation...
  37. ncbi request reprint Percutaneous pulmonary valve replacement: 3-month evaluation of self-expanding valved stents
    Tim Attmann
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, School of Medicine, Kiel, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 82:708-13. 2006
    ..In a recent study our group established an acute animal model of percutaneous pulmonary valve replacement using self-expanding nitinol stents. The present study was performed to evaluate these valved stents over a 3-month period...
  38. ncbi request reprint Improvement of contractility accompanies angiogenesis rather than arteriogenesis in chronic myocardial ischemia
    Claudia Heilmann
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Freiburg, Hugstetter Str 55, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
    Vascul Pharmacol 44:326-32. 2006
    ..We hypothesised a synergetic effect of FGF-2 and MCP-1 in ischemic myocardium...
  39. doi request reprint Percutaneous pulmonary polyurethane valved stent implantation
    Anja Metzner
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, School of Medicine, 24105 Kiel, Germany
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 139:748-52. 2010
    ..Transfemoral application of pulmonary heart valves has been studied for the past 10 years. Nevertheless, size restriction of percutaneous heart valved stents is still imminent...
  40. doi request reprint Percutaneous tissue-engineered pulmonary valved stent implantation
    Georg Lutter
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, School of Medicine, Kiel, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 89:259-63. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of percutaneously implanted tissue-engineered valved stents in the ovine pulmonary valve position...
  41. ncbi request reprint Viability of the myocardium after twenty-four-hour heart conservation--a preliminary study
    J Martin
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University, Freiburg, Germany
    Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 51:196-203. 2003
    ..The use of modern myocardial preservation strategies could enable safe transplantation after long-term conservation. In this study, we tested a new myocardial protection regime in an experimental model of 24 h storage...
  42. ncbi request reprint Comparison of protein with DNA therapy for chronic myocardial ischemia using fibroblast growth factor-2
    Claudia Heilmann
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 22:957-64. 2002
    ..The objective of our study was to compare the effectiveness of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) as protein and as naked plasmid DNA in a porcine model of chronic myocardial ischemia...
  43. ncbi request reprint Blood cardioplegia filtration
    Juergen Martin
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University Medical Centre, Freiburg, Germany
    Perfusion 18:75-80. 2003
    ..Leukocyte depletion of blood cardioplegia provides an excellent approach to minimizing myocardial injury, predominantly in high-risk cardiac surgery...
  44. ncbi request reprint Transmyocardial laser revascularization combined with vascular endothelial growth factor 121 (VEGF121) gene therapy for chronic myocardial ischemia--do the effects really add up?
    Claudia A U Heilmann
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg, Hugstetter Strasse 55, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 23:74-80. 2003
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Gene therapy in cardiac surgery: intramyocardial injection of naked plasmid DNA for chronic myocardial ischemia
    Claudia A U Heilmann
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 24:785-93. 2003
    ..We assessed the in vitro and in vivo expression of naked plasmid DNA aiming at preservation of function in a chronically ischemic myocardial model...
  46. ncbi request reprint The combined use of transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR) and fibroblastic growth factor (FGF-2) enhances perfusion and regional contractility in chronically ischemic porcine hearts
    Georg Lutter
    Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg, School of Medicine, Freiburg, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 22:753-61. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the combined effect of transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR) and recombinant human basic fibroblastic growth factor (rhFGF-2) treatment in chronically ischemic hearts...
  47. ncbi request reprint Percutaneous aortic valve replacement: more than palliation?
    Georg Lutter
    Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 2:1-3. 2004
  48. ncbi request reprint Three-dimensional echocardiographic determination of cardiac output at rest and under dobutamine stress: comparison with thermodilution measurements in the ischemic pig model
    Michael Handke
    The Department of Cardiology and Angiology, Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    Echocardiography 20:47-55. 2003
    ..In performing and evaluating future clinical comparative studies, the systematic difference between 3-D echocardiography and thermodilution, based on overestimation by thermodilution, must be taken into account...
  49. ncbi request reprint Myocardial viability twenty-four hours after orthotopic heart transplantation from non-heart-beating donors
    Juergen Martin
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and the Institute of Pathological Anatomy, Albert Ludwigs University Medical Center, Freiburg, Germany
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 125:1217-28. 2003
    ..Using a new preservation strategy, we investigated the performance of hearts from non-heart-beating donors during an observation period of 24 hours after orthotopic heart transplantation in a pig model...
  50. ncbi request reprint Transmyocardial laser revascularization and left ventricular reduction surgery affect ventricular arrhythmias and heart rate variability
    Michael Brunner
    Innere Medizin III Kardiologie und Angiologie, Universitatsklinik Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    Am Heart J 143:1012-6. 2002
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Transapical mitral valved stent implantation
    Lucian Lozonschi
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 86:745-8. 2008
    ..Efforts to create a valved stent to replace the atrioventricular valves have shown limited success. This is due to their their complex anatomy and function...
  52. ncbi request reprint Effects of acute systemic endothelin receptor blockade on cardiac electrophysiology in vivo
    Anna R M Gelzer
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
    J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 44:564-70. 2004
    ..However, antagonism of ET-1 by BQ-123 unmasks the effect of ET-1 on maintenance of vasomotor tone, which in turn may affect heart rate and sinus node automaticity in the intact pig...
  53. ncbi request reprint Collateral growth: cells arrive at the construction site
    Claudia Heilmann
    Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    Cardiovasc Surg 10:570-8. 2002
    ..The role of these cells and the implications for their use in treating ischemic diseases of cardiac and sceletal muscle are discussed...