S Koletzko

Summary

Affiliation: University of Munich
Country: Germany

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Allergen avoidance approaches in food allergy management
    Sibylle Koletzko
    Division of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Dr von Hauner Children s Hospital, University of Munich Medical Center, Munich, Germany
    Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Pediatr Program 64:169-80; discussion 180-4, 251-7. 2009
  2. pmc Physical activity and its correlates in children: a cross-sectional study (the GINIplus & LISAplus studies)
    Sandra Ortlieb
    Institute of Epidemiology I, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, Neuherberg 85764, Germany
    BMC Public Health 13:349. 2013
  3. pmc Exposure to second-hand smoke and direct healthcare costs in children - results from two German birth cohorts, GINIplus and LISAplus
    Ariane Batscheider
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Member of the German Center for Lung Research, Neuherberg, Germany
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:344. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Diagnostic approach and management of cow's-milk protein allergy in infants and children: ESPGHAN GI Committee practical guidelines
    S Koletzko
    Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 55:221-9. 2012
  5. doi request reprint Evidence-based guidelines from ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN for Helicobacter pylori infection in children
    Sibylle Koletzko
    Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Munich, Germany
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 53:230-43. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint Noninvasive diagnostic tests for Helicobacter pylori infection in children
    Sibylle Koletzko
    Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
    Can J Gastroenterol 19:433-9. 2005
  7. pmc Prospective multicentre study on antibiotic resistance of Helicobacter pylori strains obtained from children living in Europe
    S Koletzko
    Dr v Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University, Lindwurmstrasse 4, D 80337 Munich, Germany
    Gut 55:1711-6. 2006
  8. pmc Acute infectious diarrhea in children
    Sibylle Koletzko
    Abteilung für Pädiatrische Gastroenterologie und Hepatologie, Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munchen
    Dtsch Arztebl Int 106:539-47; quiz 548. 2009
  9. pmc Improved performance of a rapid office-based stool test for detection of Helicobacter pylori in children before and after therapy
    C Prell
    Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Lindwurmstrasse 4, 80337 Munich, Germany
    J Clin Microbiol 47:3980-4. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of the Helicobacter pylori stool antigen test (HpSA) for detection of Helicobacter pylori infection in children
    N Konstantopoulos
    Kinderklinik and Kinderpoliklinik, Dr. von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
    Am J Gastroenterol 96:677-83. 2001

Detail Information

Publications47

  1. doi request reprint Allergen avoidance approaches in food allergy management
    Sibylle Koletzko
    Division of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Dr von Hauner Children s Hospital, University of Munich Medical Center, Munich, Germany
    Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Pediatr Program 64:169-80; discussion 180-4, 251-7. 2009
    ..Elimination diets must be supervised and monitored to a similar degree as drug treatments, and the need for continued dietary elimination should be reviewed on a regular basis and re-challenges considered...
  2. pmc Physical activity and its correlates in children: a cross-sectional study (the GINIplus & LISAplus studies)
    Sandra Ortlieb
    Institute of Epidemiology I, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, Neuherberg 85764, Germany
    BMC Public Health 13:349. 2013
    ..This cross-sectional study examined the associations of PA with individual (biological, social, behavioral, psychological) and environmental (East vs. West Germany, rural vs. urban regions) characteristics in children...
  3. pmc Exposure to second-hand smoke and direct healthcare costs in children - results from two German birth cohorts, GINIplus and LISAplus
    Ariane Batscheider
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Member of the German Center for Lung Research, Neuherberg, Germany
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:344. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to estimate excess healthcare costs of exposure to tobacco smoke in German children...
  4. doi request reprint Diagnostic approach and management of cow's-milk protein allergy in infants and children: ESPGHAN GI Committee practical guidelines
    S Koletzko
    Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 55:221-9. 2012
    ..It presents a practical approach with a diagnostic algorithm and is based on recently published evidence-based guidelines on CMPA...
  5. doi request reprint Evidence-based guidelines from ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN for Helicobacter pylori infection in children
    Sibylle Koletzko
    Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Munich, Germany
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 53:230-43. 2011
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Noninvasive diagnostic tests for Helicobacter pylori infection in children
    Sibylle Koletzko
    Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
    Can J Gastroenterol 19:433-9. 2005
    ..Therefore, these tests cannot be recommended for clinical decision making in pediatric patients...
  7. pmc Prospective multicentre study on antibiotic resistance of Helicobacter pylori strains obtained from children living in Europe
    S Koletzko
    Dr v Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University, Lindwurmstrasse 4, D 80337 Munich, Germany
    Gut 55:1711-6. 2006
    ..To prospectively assess the antibacterial resistance rate in Helicobacter pylori strains obtained from symptomatic children in Europe...
  8. pmc Acute infectious diarrhea in children
    Sibylle Koletzko
    Abteilung für Pädiatrische Gastroenterologie und Hepatologie, Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munchen
    Dtsch Arztebl Int 106:539-47; quiz 548. 2009
    ..The existing national and international recommendations for the treatment of acute infectious diarrheal disease are inadequately followed, despite the high level of evidence on which they are based...
  9. pmc Improved performance of a rapid office-based stool test for detection of Helicobacter pylori in children before and after therapy
    C Prell
    Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Lindwurmstrasse 4, 80337 Munich, Germany
    J Clin Microbiol 47:3980-4. 2009
    ..In order to improve sensitivity, very weak lines should be considered positive test results...
  10. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of the Helicobacter pylori stool antigen test (HpSA) for detection of Helicobacter pylori infection in children
    N Konstantopoulos
    Kinderklinik and Kinderpoliklinik, Dr. von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
    Am J Gastroenterol 96:677-83. 2001
    ..There was no age dependency of the stool test results, and changing the cutoff would not have improved accuracy. Thus, the HpSA test seems suitable to monitor the success of anti-H. pylori therapy...
  11. ncbi request reprint Infants differ from teenagers: use of non-invasive tests for detection of Helicobacter pylori infection in children
    S Koletzko
    Kinderklinik and Kinderpoliklinik, Dr v Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Pettenkoferstr 8a, D 80336 Munich, Germany
    Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 13:1047-52. 2001
    ....
  12. pmc Rapid and accurate determination of genotypic clarithromycin resistance in cultured Helicobacter pylori by fluorescent in situ hybridization
    H Russmann
    Max von Pettenkofer Institut fur Hygiene und Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munchen, 80336 Munich, Germany
    J Clin Microbiol 39:4142-4. 2001
    ..No discrepancies were found between these three methods. However, FISH has the advantage of providing results after 3 h...
  13. pmc Comparison of fluorescent in situ hybridization and conventional culturing for detection of Helicobacter pylori in gastric biopsy specimens
    H Russmann
    Max von Pettenkofer Institut fur Hygiene und Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munchen, 80336 Munich, Germany
    J Clin Microbiol 39:304-8. 2001
    ..pylori in gastric biopsy specimens. However, in the microbiology routine diagnostic laboratory, the combination of both FISH and conventional culturing significantly increases the sensitivity in detection of H. pylori...
  14. pmc Evaluation of a novel monoclonal enzyme immunoassay for detection of Helicobacter pylori antigen in stool from children
    S Koletzko
    Kinderklinik and Kinderpoliklinik, Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
    Gut 52:804-6. 2003
    ..Reliable non-invasive methods for detection of Helicobacter pylori infection are required to investigate the incidence, transmission, and clearance of infection in childhood...
  15. doi request reprint FADS gene variants modulate the effect of dietary fatty acid intake on allergic diseases in children
    M Standl
    Institute of Epidemiology I, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Munich, Germany
    Clin Exp Allergy 41:1757-66. 2011
    ..The association between dietary fatty acid intake and the development of atopic diseases has been inconsistent. This could be due to inter-individual genetic differences in fatty acid metabolism...
  16. doi request reprint New effective treatment regimen for children infected with a double-resistant Helicobacter pylori strain
    A Schwarzer
    Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Munich, Germany
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 52:424-8. 2011
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of a rapid whole blood test to detect Helicobacter pylori infection in children
    A Kindermann
    University Children's Hospital, Munich, Germany
    Scand J Gastroenterol 36:572-6. 2001
    ..False-negative results are not related to young age or certain ethnic groups. The poor performance makes the test unsuitable for epidemiological and clinical use in children...
  18. ncbi request reprint A practical guide for the diagnosis of primary enteric nervous system disorders
    M G Schäppi
    Pediatric Center, Clinique des Grangettes, and Centre Médical Universitaire, Geneva, Switzerland
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 57:677-86. 2013
    ..In addition, we provide further commentary on the continuing controversies in the field...
  19. pmc Evaluation of two commercial enzyme immunoassays, testing immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgA responses, for diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection in children
    A Kindermann
    University Children's Hospital, Munich, Germany
    J Clin Microbiol 39:3591-6. 2001
    ..We speculate that young children may have a different immune response to H. pylori, with preferable responses to certain antigens, as well as lower titers than adults. The Pyloriset test may fail to recognize these specific antibodies...
  20. doi request reprint Management guidelines of eosinophilic esophagitis in childhood
    A Papadopoulou
    Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, First Department of Pediatrics, University of Athens, Children s Hospital Agia Sophia, Athens, Greece Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, UK Department of Pediatrics, Hospital S Joao, Porto, Portugal Department of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Gastroenterology, University of Melbourne Department of Paediatrics, Murdoch Children s Research Institute, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia Division of Metabolic and Vascular Health, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK Queen Mary s Hospital for Children, Epsom and St Helier University Hospitals NHS Trust, Carshalton, Surrey, UK Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Jeanne de Flandre University Hospital, University of Lille, Lille, France Hans Christian Andersen Children s Hospital, OUH, Odense, Denmark Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit, Department of Sciences for Woman and Child Health, University of Florence, Research Laboratories of Behringwerke AG
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 58:107-18. 2014
    ..This position paper aims at providing practical guidelines for the management of children and adolescents with EoE...
  21. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of a novel rapid one-step monoclonal chromatographic immunoassay for detection of Helicobacter pylori in stool from children
    A Schwarzer
    Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, 80337, Munich, Germany
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 26:475-80. 2007
    ..In contrast, the monoclonal EIA stool test is highly reliable, both pre- and post therapy, and equivalent to the (13)C-urea breath test...
  22. pmc Evaluation of the novel Helicobacter pylori ClariRes real-time PCR assay for detection and clarithromycin susceptibility testing of H. pylori in stool specimens from symptomatic children
    Christian Lottspeich
    Max von Pettenkofer Institut fur Hygiene und Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Ludwig Maximilians University, Pettenkoferstr 9a, 80336 Munich, Germany
    J Clin Microbiol 45:1718-22. 2007
    ..7%) for the accurate diagnosis of H. pylori infection in children...
  23. doi request reprint Relative weight-related costs of healthcare use by children--results from the two German birth cohorts, GINI-plus and LISA-plus
    Ariane Breitfelder
    Helmholtz Zentrum München German Research Center for Environmental Health Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Munich, Germany
    Econ Hum Biol 9:302-15. 2011
    ..Drawing on these results, differences in healthcare costs between BMI groups are already apparent in children...
  24. ncbi request reprint Association of the interleukin-23 receptor gene variant rs11209026 with Crohn's disease in German children
    M Lacher
    Department of Paediatric Surgery, Research Laboratories, University of Munich, Munich, Germany
    Acta Paediatr 99:727-33. 2010
    ..We investigated the association of rs11209026 (p.Arg381Gln) and rs7517847 (c.799-3588T>G) into German paediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients and analysed IL23R transcriptional activity in colonic tissues...
  25. ncbi request reprint Fluorescence in situ hybridization vs. epsilometer test for detection of clarithromycin-susceptible and clarithromycin-resistant Helicobacter pylori strains in gastric biopsies from children
    A Feydt-Schmidt
    Dr v Haunerches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 16:2073-9. 2002
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Nutritional challenges of infants with cystic fibrosis
    S Koletzko
    Kinderklinik und Kinderpoliklinik im Dr v Haunerschen Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, Pettenkoferstr 8a, D 80336, Munchen, Germany
    Early Hum Dev 65:S53-61. 2001
    ..This review provides recommendations for assessment of the nutritional status at diagnosis and nutritional management including supplementation with pancreatic enzymes during the first year of life...
  27. ncbi request reprint Atypical CD3+ CD4(low) cell population in a boy with fatal EBV-infection
    R Gruber
    Medizinische Poliklinik und Institut für Immunologie, Munchen, Deutschland, Germany
    Int Arch Allergy Immunol 118:74-8. 1999
    ..We conclude that these cells may represent strongly activated CD4+ T lymphocytes with downregulated CD4 expression or a subtype of dendritic cells...
  28. ncbi request reprint Contact with farm animals in early life and juvenile inflammatory bowel disease: a case-control study
    Katja Radon
    Unit for Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology and NetTeaching, Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Ziemssenstrasse 1, D 80336 Munich, Germany
    Pediatrics 120:354-61. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to test the association between farm animal contact in infancy and the development of juvenile Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis...
  29. pmc Detection of Helicobacter pylori in paraffin-embedded and in shock-frozen gastric biopsy samples by fluorescent in situ hybridization
    Holger Rüssmann
    Max von Pettenkofer Institut fur Hygiene und Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munchen, 80336 Munich, Germany
    J Clin Microbiol 41:813-5. 2003
    ..This method is useful when results from conventional culturing with antibiotic susceptibility testing are not available...
  30. ncbi request reprint Increase of antigen-presenting cells in the gastric mucosa of Helicobacter pylori-infected children
    Susanne Krauss-Etschmann
    Children s Hospital of the Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
    Helicobacter 10:214-22. 2005
    ..We postulated that other types of antigen-presenting cells must be present in infected gastric mucosa...
  31. ncbi request reprint The use of stable isotope techniques for nutritional and metabolic research in paediatrics
    B Koletzko
    Kinderklinik nd Kinderpoliklinik, Klinikum Innenstadt, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Germany
    Early Hum Dev 53:S77-97. 1998
    ..These few examples of recent developments demonstrate the great clinical and scientific potential of stable isotope methods in future paediatric applications...
  32. ncbi request reprint Reinfection rate in children after successful Helicobacter pylori eradication
    Anne Feydt-Schmidt
    Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Pettenkoferstrasse 8a, D 80336 Munich, Germany
    Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 14:1119-23. 2002
    ..This study was performed to determine the rate of Helicobacter pylori reinfection after its successful eradication in children living in Germany...
  33. pmc Chemokine receptor 5 expression in gastric mucosa of Helicobacter pylori-infected and noninfected children
    S Krauss-Etschmann
    Institute of Molecular Immunology, GSF National Research Center for the Environment and Health, Munich, Germany
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 10:22-9. 2003
    ..Thus, an increase in the numbers of CCR5(+) cells in H. pylori-infected stomach mucosa suggests that this molecule may play an important role in gastric immune responses...
  34. pmc Prenatal and postnatal tobacco exposure and behavioral problems in 10-year-old children: results from the GINI-plus prospective birth cohort study
    Simon Rückinger
    Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Institute of Social Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Division of Epidemiology, Munich, Germany
    Environ Health Perspect 118:150-4. 2010
    ..Prenatal and postnatal tobacco exposure have been reported to be associated with behavioral problems. However, the magnitude of the association with tobacco exposure at specific periods of exposure is unclear...
  35. ncbi request reprint Early allergic sensitizations and their relevance to atopic diseases in children aged 6 years: results of the GINI study
    I Brockow
    Department of Pediatrics, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
    J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 19:180-7. 2009
    ..Only a few studies have analyzed the value of early sensitization in predicting the development of atopic disease. The relevance of low immunoglobulin (Ig) E antibody levels in this respect also remains unclear...
  36. ncbi request reprint Repeated exclusive enteral nutrition in the treatment of paediatric Crohn's disease: predictors of efficacy and outcome
    K Frivolt
    Dr von Hauner Children s Hospital, University of Munich Medical Center, Munich, Germany 2nd Department of Pediatrics, Comenius University Medical School, Bratislava, Slovakia
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 39:1398-407. 2014
    ..Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) induces remission and mucosal healing in children with active Crohn's disease (CD)...
  37. doi request reprint Autophagy 16-like 1 rs2241880 G allele is associated with Crohn's disease in German children
    Martin Lacher
    Department of Paediatric Surgery, Research Laboratories, University of Munich, Munich, Germany
    Acta Paediatr 98:1835-40. 2009
    ..Therefore, we evaluated this polymorphism in early-onset CD in 152 children and 253 controls and for the first time determined ATG16L1 colonic expression in German CD children...
  38. ncbi request reprint Association of a CXCL9 polymorphism with pediatric Crohn's disease
    Martin Lacher
    Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Pediatric Surgical Clinic, Research Laboratories, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Lindwurmstr 4, D 80337 Munich, Germany
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 363:701-7. 2007
    ..1 versus 13.8 years). This is the first report of inverse association of the CXCL9 77147452G-->A polymorphism with pediatric CD. Our data may contribute to a better understanding of the pathophysiology underlying CD...
  39. ncbi request reprint Novel genetic risk markers for ulcerative colitis in the IL2/IL21 region are in epistasis with IL23R and suggest a common genetic background for ulcerative colitis and celiac disease
    Jurgen Glas
    Department of Medicine II, Grosshadern, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
    Am J Gastroenterol 104:1737-44. 2009
    ..Given the increased prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) among celiac disease patients, we investigated the possible involvement of these SNPs in IBD...
  40. doi request reprint Nuclear pregnane X receptor single nucleotide polymorphism (-25385C/T) is not associated with inflammatory bowel disease in pediatric patients
    Martin Lacher
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Lindwurmstr, Munich, Germany
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 49:147-50. 2009
    ..Studies in adults characterized the role of the pregnane X receptor (PXR) in the pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with conflicting results; pediatric studies are still lacking...
  41. doi request reprint Reduced muscle mass and bone size in pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease
    Susanne Bechtold
    Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Dr v Haunersches Kinderspital, University, Munich, Germany
    Inflamm Bowel Dis 16:216-25. 2010
    ..We used peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) to assess bone mineralization, geometry, and muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) in pediatric IBD...
  42. pmc Detection of secretory IgA antibodies against gliadin and human tissue transglutaminase in stool to screen for coeliac disease in children: validation study
    Matthias Kappler
    Division of Gastroenterology, Dr v Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University, 80337 Munich, Germany
    BMJ 332:213-4. 2006
    ..To evaluate two commercial stool tests for detection of secretory IgA antibodies against gliadin and human tissue transglutaminase for diagnosis of coeliac disease in children with symptoms...
  43. pmc Sensitivity of a novel stool antigen test for detection of Helicobacter pylori in adult outpatients before and after eradication therapy
    Vincens Weingart
    Max von Pettenkofer Institut fur Hygiene und Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munchen, 80336 Munich, Germany
    J Clin Microbiol 42:1319-21. 2004
    ..The two tests showed identical levels of sensitivity when used to identify H. pylori-infected patients before and after eradication therapy...
  44. pmc Evaluation of a novel rapid one-step immunochromatographic assay for detection of monoclonal Helicobacter pylori antigen in stool samples from children
    David Antos
    Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Lindwurmstr 4, D 80337 Munich, Germany
    J Clin Microbiol 43:2598-601. 2005
    ..Performance is comparable before and after therapy. The test may become a good alternative in children in settings where a [13C]urea breath test or a reliable enzyme immunoassay stool test are not available...
  45. ncbi request reprint Canadian Helicobacter Study Group Consensus Conference: Update on the approach to Helicobacter pylori infection in children and adolescents--an evidence-based evaluation
    Billy Bourke
    Division of GI Nutrition, The Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Gastroenterol 19:399-408. 2005
    ..pylori infection in children is 14 days; and H. pylori culture and antibiotic sensitivity testing should be made available to monitor population antibiotic resistance and manage treatment failures...
  46. ncbi request reprint Esomeprazole-based 1-week triple therapy directed by susceptibility testing for eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection in children
    Tina Arenz
    Dr von Haunersches Kinderspital of the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Germany
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 43:180-4. 2006
    ..Poor compliance to therapy and antibiotic resistance are the main causes for failure of anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy...
  47. pmc Detection and clarithromycin susceptibility testing of Helicobacter pylori in stool specimens by real-time PCR: how to get accurate test results
    Athanasios Makristathis
    J Clin Microbiol 45:2756; author reply 2756-7. 2007