A Gandjour

Summary

Affiliation: University of Cologne
Country: Germany

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Review of quality-of-life evaluations in patients with angina pectoris
    A Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Germany
    Pharmacoeconomics 16:141-52. 1999
  2. ncbi request reprint A cost-effectiveness model of screening strategies for amblyopia and risk factors and its application in a german setting
    Afshin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Germany
    Optom Vis Sci 80:259-69. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint European comparison of costs and quality in the treatment of acute back pain
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:969-75. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Inductive reasoning in medicine: lessons from Carl Gustav Hempel's 'inductive-statistical' model
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    J Eval Clin Pract 9:161-9. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Costs and quality in the treatment of acute depression in primary care: a comparison between England, Germany and Switzerland
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institut fur Gesundheitsokonomie und Klinische Epidemiologie, Universitat zu Koln, Koln, Germany
    Int Clin Psychopharmacol 19:201-8. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint Appropriateness of invasive cardiovascular interventions in German hospitals (2000-2001): an evaluation using the RAND appropriateness criteria
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Gleueler Strasse 176 178, 50935 Cologne, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 24:571-7; discussion 577-8. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Threshold volumes associated with higher survival in health care: a systematic review
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Med Care 41:1129-41. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint [At what time is a reduction of medical under- or overtreatment sensible? Treatment of acute depression as an example]
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institut fur Gesundheitsokonomie und Klinische Epidemiologie, Universitat zu Koln, Koln
    Psychiatr Prax 31:157-62. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint When is it worth introducing a quality improvement program? A mathematical model
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institut fur Gesundheitsokonomie und Klinische Epidemiologie, Universitat zu Koln, Koln, Germany
    Med Decis Making 23:518-25. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint How much does it cost to change the behavior of health professionals? A mathematical model and an application to academic detailing
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Med Decis Making 25:341-7. 2005

Detail Information

Publications47

  1. ncbi request reprint Review of quality-of-life evaluations in patients with angina pectoris
    A Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Germany
    Pharmacoeconomics 16:141-52. 1999
    ..As a result of a lack of valid data from RCTs, a strong conclusion regarding the impact of revascularisation procedures on quality of life could not be derived...
  2. ncbi request reprint A cost-effectiveness model of screening strategies for amblyopia and risk factors and its application in a german setting
    Afshin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Germany
    Optom Vis Sci 80:259-69. 2003
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint European comparison of costs and quality in the treatment of acute back pain
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:969-75. 2005
    ..Retrospective multicenter observational study...
  4. ncbi request reprint Inductive reasoning in medicine: lessons from Carl Gustav Hempel's 'inductive-statistical' model
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    J Eval Clin Pract 9:161-9. 2003
    ..Applying this model and its revisions in the medical context may help uncover potentially undetected fallacies in reasoning when explaining and predicting medical problems...
  5. ncbi request reprint Costs and quality in the treatment of acute depression in primary care: a comparison between England, Germany and Switzerland
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institut fur Gesundheitsokonomie und Klinische Epidemiologie, Universitat zu Koln, Koln, Germany
    Int Clin Psychopharmacol 19:201-8. 2004
    ..30). Switzerland was both the most effective and the most efficient country (in terms of resource utilization) in providing outpatient treatment for depression...
  6. ncbi request reprint Appropriateness of invasive cardiovascular interventions in German hospitals (2000-2001): an evaluation using the RAND appropriateness criteria
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Gleueler Strasse 176 178, 50935 Cologne, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 24:571-7; discussion 577-8. 2003
    ..The goal of this study was to evaluate the appropriateness of PTCA, coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in German hospitals using RAND appropriateness criteria...
  7. ncbi request reprint Threshold volumes associated with higher survival in health care: a systematic review
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Med Care 41:1129-41. 2003
    ..To date, systematic reviews on the relationship between the volume of specific diagnoses and procedures and patient outcomes have several limitations, including the omission of the most recent publications...
  8. ncbi request reprint [At what time is a reduction of medical under- or overtreatment sensible? Treatment of acute depression as an example]
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institut fur Gesundheitsokonomie und Klinische Epidemiologie, Universitat zu Koln, Koln
    Psychiatr Prax 31:157-62. 2004
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint When is it worth introducing a quality improvement program? A mathematical model
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institut fur Gesundheitsokonomie und Klinische Epidemiologie, Universitat zu Koln, Koln, Germany
    Med Decis Making 23:518-25. 2003
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint How much does it cost to change the behavior of health professionals? A mathematical model and an application to academic detailing
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Med Decis Making 25:341-7. 2005
    ..The model and its consideration of implementation costs may contribute to a more efficient use of health care resources...
  11. ncbi request reprint Does prevention save costs? Considering deferral of the expensive last year of life
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    J Health Econ 24:715-24. 2005
    ..The model is able to explain more than half of the median cost increase of published cost-effectiveness analyses on clinical preventive services...
  12. ncbi request reprint Technology assessment in dentistry: a comparison of the longevity and cost-effectiveness of inlays
    Afschin Gandjour
    University of Cologne, 50935 Cologne, Germany
    Int J Technol Assess Health Care 21:319-25. 2005
    ..An example of technology assessment in dental care by evaluating the (cost-)effectiveness of types of three-surface inlays (gold, laboratory-fabricated ceramic, and chairside CAD/CAM ceramic) is provided...
  13. ncbi request reprint The effect of managed care penetration on hospital staffing in Tennessee, 1991--1995
    A Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Manag Care Interface 13:62-6, 70. 2000
    ..Since a higher nursing skill-mix is associated with a lower inpatient mortality, managed care may contribute to an improvement in outcomes' quality of hospitals...
  14. ncbi request reprint [Development of an evidence-based questionnaire for evaluating the structural quality of providers]
    A Gandjour
    Institut fur Gesundheitsokonomie und Klinische Epidemiologie, Universitat zu Koln
    Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich 95:503-7. 2001
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Development process of an evidence-based guideline for the treatment of obesity
    A Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Germany
    Int J Qual Health Care 13:325-32. 2001
    ..To present the development process, summarize the content and discuss the implications of the German evidence-based guideline for the treatment of obesity...
  16. ncbi request reprint Is subjective well-being a useful parameter for allocating resources among public interventions?
    A Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Germany
    Health Care Anal 9:437-47. 2001
    ..Further, subjective well-being can be evaluated from the patient's perspective and incorporates a valuation of life expectancy. Criteria required for an appropriate questionnaire that measures subjective well-being are presented...
  17. ncbi request reprint Consumption costs and earnings during added years of life - a reply to Nyman
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Health Econ 15:315-7; discussion 319-22. 2006
  18. ncbi request reprint [When is it worth reducing overuse of health care services? The example of prescribing expensive antihypertensives]
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institut fur Gesundheitsokonomie und Klinische Epidemiologie, Universitat zu Koln, Gleueler Strasse 176 178, 50935 Köln
    Med Klin (Munich) 100:535-41. 2005
    ..In an application example feedback or outreach visits to primary care physicians in Germany reduce the prescription of expensive antihypertensives with questionable benefit...
  19. ncbi request reprint An evidence-based disease-management program for patients with diabetic nephropathy
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    J Nephrol 16:500-10. 2003
    ..This article aims to: (1) address this trend by developing an evidence-based disease-management program for patients with diabetic nephropathy and; (2) to identify areas for future research on disease management tools...
  20. ncbi request reprint European comparison of costs and quality in the prevention of secondary complications in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (2000-2001)
    A Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Germany
    Diabet Med 19:594-601. 2002
    ..To compare the out-patient costs and process quality of preventing secondary complications in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus in France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, and the UK...
  21. ncbi request reprint [Socioeconomic burden of hip fractures in Germany]
    E J Weyler
    Institut fur Gesundheitsokonomie und Klinische Epidemiologie, Universitat zu Koln, Koln
    Gesundheitswesen 69:601-6. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the present and future economic burden of hip fractures in Germany...
  22. ncbi request reprint Appropriateness of invasive cardiovascular interventions in German hospitals (2000-2001): an evaluation using the RAND appropriateness criteria
    A Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 52:365-71. 2004
    ..The goal of this study was to evaluate the appropriateness of PTCA, coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in German hospitals using RAND appropriateness criteria...
  23. doi request reprint [Impact of demographic changes on health care expenditure in Germany: an analysis considering the expenditures of decedents]
    A Gandjour
    1Institut für Gesundheitsökonomie und Klinische Epidemiologie, Universitat zu Koln, Koln
    Gesundheitswesen 70:77-80. 2008
    ..Considering the cost of survivors and decedents separately, this increase will amount to 50%. Hence, undifferentiated models overestimate the impact of demographic changes by about 10%...
  24. ncbi request reprint European comparison of costs and quality in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (2000-2001)
    A Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Eur Heart J 23:858-68. 2002
    ..To compare the inpatient costs and process quality in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction in France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, and the U.K...
  25. ncbi request reprint The cost-effectiveness of screening strategies for amblyopia: a preliminary report
    S Schlichtherle
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Koln, Germany
    Strabismus 8:291-5. 2000
    ..However, the average cost per detected case of amblyopia among high-risk children is lower than the cost of screening all children in this age range...
  26. ncbi request reprint Educating authors and reviewers of economic evaluations of health care
    Afschin Gandjour
    JAMA 288:959; author reply 959. 2002
  27. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness of referrals to high-volume hospitals: an analysis based on a probabilistic Markov model for hip fracture surgeries
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Health Care Manag Sci 9:359-69. 2006
    ..6 million Euro. The referral of hip fracture surgeries to high-volume hospitals is thus likely to be cost-effective in Germany...
  28. ncbi request reprint [Cost-effectiveness of quality improvement measures in health care]
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institut fur Gesundheitsokonomie und Klinische Epidemiologie, Universitat zu Koln
    Med Klin (Munich) 97:499-502. 2002
    ..To discuss the costs and cost-effectiveness of quality improvement programs in health care...
  29. ncbi request reprint A national hypertension treatment program in Germany and its estimated impact on costs, life expectancy, and cost-effectiveness
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Health Policy 83:257-67. 2007
    ..Given the considerable costs of the program itself, any savings from avoiding long-term consequences of hypertension are likely to be offset, however...
  30. ncbi request reprint Substantial treatment overuse in the United States?
    Afschin Gandjour
    Value Health 10:221; author reply 222. 2007
  31. ncbi request reprint The economic value of medical technology
    Afschin Gandjour
    Health Aff (Millwood) 21:275-6. 2002
  32. ncbi request reprint A 'centres of excellence' approach in health care: points for and against
    Jennifer Gloeckner
    Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Appl Health Econ Health Policy 1:120-2. 2002
  33. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness analysis of different screening procedures for type 2 diabetes: the KORA Survey 2000
    Andrea Icks
    German Diabetes Research Institute, Department of Biometrics and Epidemiology, Heinrich Heine University, Auf m Hennekamp 65, 40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
    Diabetes Care 27:2120-8. 2004
    ..To compare the cost-effectiveness of different type 2 diabetes screening strategies using population-based data (KORA Survey; Augsburg, Germany; subjects aged 55-74 years), including participation data...
  34. ncbi request reprint Cost effectiveness of the German screen-and-treat strategy for postmenopausal osteoporosis
    Dirk Mueller
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Pharmacoeconomics 26:513-36. 2008
    ..Those with an absolute 10-year fracture risk > or =30% are treated with bisphosphonates such as alendronate or risedronate for 4 years or with teriparatide for 18 months...
  35. doi request reprint The ethics of non-inferiority trials
    Afschin Gandjour
    Lancet 371:895; author reply 896-7. 2008
  36. ncbi request reprint Survivor costs in cost-effectiveness analysis
    Afschin Gandjour
    Ann Intern Med 144:534-5; author reply 535. 2006
  37. ncbi request reprint Changing the organization of health care
    Afschin Gandjour
    JAMA 298:286; author reply 287-8. 2007
  38. ncbi request reprint Utilitarian theories reconsidered: common misconceptions, more recent developments, and health policy implications
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Health Care Anal 11:229-44. 2003
    ..Finally, the adoption of preference utilitarianism requires us to accept the subjectivity of individual claims which may be perceived as unfair...
  39. ncbi request reprint Lost in translation
    Afschin Gandjour
    N Engl J Med 349:2273-4. 2003
  40. ncbi request reprint An evidence-based evaluation of quality and efficiency indicators
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Qual Manag Health Care 10:41-52. 2002
    ..The set of performance indicators could serve as a state-of-the-art system of measurement for governments and organizations evaluating the quality and efficiency of health care...
  41. ncbi request reprint Modifiable behavioral factors as causes of death
    Afschin Gandjour
    JAMA 291:2941; author reply 2942-3. 2004
  42. ncbi request reprint Direct costs of care in germany for children and adolescents with diabetes mellitus in the early course after onset
    Andrea Icks
    Department of Biometrics and Epidemiology, German Diabetes Research Institute at Heinrich Heine University, Dusseldorf, Germany
    J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 17:1551-9. 2004
    ..Prospective population-based cost-of-illness study to evaluate diabetes mellitus (DM)-related direct costs in German pediatric DM care in the early course after onset (perspective: statutory health insurers)...
  43. ncbi request reprint Educational epidemiology
    Afschin Gandjour
    JAMA 292:2969; author reply 2970-1. 2004
  44. ncbi request reprint Economic analysis of influenza vaccination and treatment
    Afschin Gandjour
    Ann Intern Med 138:607-8; author reply 608-9. 2003
  45. ncbi request reprint Burden-of-disease estimates
    Afschin Gandjour
    Health Aff (Millwood) 22:286; author reply 286. 2003
  46. ncbi request reprint Impact of demographic changes on healthcare expenditures and funding in the EU
    Afschin Gandjour
    Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Appl Health Econ Health Policy 4:1-4. 2005
    ..Roughly one-quarter of the predicted income growth of the work-force will be used for aging-related healthcare payments...
  47. doi request reprint Informing patients of their coronary risk
    Afschin Gandjour
    Arch Intern Med 168:1719. 2008