Stefan Koelsch

Summary

Affiliation: Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences
Country: Germany

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Music, language and meaning: brain signatures of semantic processing
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute of Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstr 1a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Nat Neurosci 7:302-7. 2004
  2. doi request reprint Musical training modulates the development of syntax processing in children
    Sebastian Jentschke
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Junior Research Group Neurocognition of Music, Stephanstr 1a, D 04103 Leipzig, German
    Neuroimage 47:735-44. 2009
  3. pmc Toward a neural basis of music perception - a review and updated model
    Stefan Koelsch
    Cluster of Excellence Languages of Emotion, Freie Universität Berlin Berlin, Germany
    Front Psychol 2:110. 2011
  4. doi request reprint The roles of superficial amygdala and auditory cortex in music-evoked fear and joy
    Stefan Koelsch
    Cluster Languages of Emotion, Freie Universitat Berlin, Germany
    Neuroimage 81:49-60. 2013
  5. pmc Cardiac signatures of personality
    Stefan Koelsch
    Cluster of Excellence Languages of Emotion, Freie Universitat Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    PLoS ONE 7:e31441. 2012
  6. ncbi request reprint Towards a neural basis of music perception
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:578-84. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Investigating emotion with music: an fMRI study
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 27:239-50. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Interaction between syntax processing in language and in music: an ERP Study
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:1565-77. 2005
  9. doi request reprint Functional architecture of verbal and tonal working memory: an FMRI study
    Stefan Koelsch
    Psychology Department, University of Sussex, Brighton, United Kingdom
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:859-73. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Investigating emotion with music: neuroscientific approaches
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences Stephanstr 1a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1060:412-8. 2005

Detail Information

Publications67

  1. ncbi request reprint Music, language and meaning: brain signatures of semantic processing
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute of Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstr 1a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Nat Neurosci 7:302-7. 2004
    ..Our results indicate that both music and language can prime the meaning of a word, and that music can, as language, determine physiological indices of semantic processing...
  2. doi request reprint Musical training modulates the development of syntax processing in children
    Sebastian Jentschke
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Junior Research Group Neurocognition of Music, Stephanstr 1a, D 04103 Leipzig, German
    Neuroimage 47:735-44. 2009
    ..Thus, our data suggest that the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying syntax processing in music and language are developed earlier, and more strongly, in children with musical training...
  3. pmc Toward a neural basis of music perception - a review and updated model
    Stefan Koelsch
    Cluster of Excellence Languages of Emotion, Freie Universität Berlin Berlin, Germany
    Front Psychol 2:110. 2011
    ..The article describes processes involved in music perception, and reports EEG and fMRI studies that inform about the time course of these processes, as well as about where in the brain these processes might be located...
  4. doi request reprint The roles of superficial amygdala and auditory cortex in music-evoked fear and joy
    Stefan Koelsch
    Cluster Languages of Emotion, Freie Universitat Berlin, Germany
    Neuroimage 81:49-60. 2013
    ....
  5. pmc Cardiac signatures of personality
    Stefan Koelsch
    Cluster of Excellence Languages of Emotion, Freie Universitat Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    PLoS ONE 7:e31441. 2012
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Towards a neural basis of music perception
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:578-84. 2005
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Investigating emotion with music: an fMRI study
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 27:239-50. 2006
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Interaction between syntax processing in language and in music: an ERP Study
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:1565-77. 2005
    ..Findings thus indicate a strong overlap of neural resources involved in the processing of syntax in language and music...
  9. doi request reprint Functional architecture of verbal and tonal working memory: an FMRI study
    Stefan Koelsch
    Psychology Department, University of Sussex, Brighton, United Kingdom
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:859-73. 2009
    ..These networks appear to partly consist of sensorimotor-related circuits which provide resources for the representation and maintenance of information, and which are remarkably similar for the production of speech and song...
  10. ncbi request reprint Investigating emotion with music: neuroscientific approaches
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences Stephanstr 1a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1060:412-8. 2005
    ..This issue has so far been mainly neglected in the functional imaging (and psychophysiological) literature...
  11. ncbi request reprint Auditory processing during deep propofol sedation and recovery from unconsciousness
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Independent Junior Research Group Neurocognition of Music, Stephanstr 1a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Clin Neurophysiol 117:1746-59. 2006
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint A cardiac signature of emotionality
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Eur J Neurosci 26:3328-38. 2007
    ..The finding of a cardiac signature of emotional personality opens new perspectives for the investigation of relations between emotional dysbalance and cardiovascular disease...
  13. ncbi request reprint Neural substrates of processing syntax and semantics in music
    Stefan Koelsch
    Junior Research Group Neurocognition of Music, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 15:207-12. 2005
    ....
  14. pmc Cognitive components of regularity processing in the auditory domain
    Stefan Koelsch
    University of Sussex, Department of Psychology, Brighton, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 3:e2650. 2008
    ....
  15. pmc Effects of unexpected chords and of performer's expression on brain responses and electrodermal activity
    Stefan Koelsch
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 3:e2631. 2008
    ..There is lack of neuroscientific studies investigating music processing with naturalistic stimuli, and brain responses to real music are, thus, largely unknown...
  16. doi request reprint Impulsive aggressiveness of pregnant women affects the development of the fetal heart
    Stefan Koelsch
    University of Sussex, Department of Psychology, Brighton, UK
    Int J Psychophysiol 74:243-9. 2009
    ..These effects may predispose the individual to increased risk for later cardio-vascular disease. The findings open perspectives for better risk prevention models for the unborn child...
  17. doi request reprint Differences in electric brain responses to melodies and chords
    Stefan Koelsch
    University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:2251-62. 2010
    ..These findings indicate that melodic information (which is also contained in the top voice of chords) is processed earlier and with partly different neural mechanisms than harmonic information of chords...
  18. doi request reprint A neuroscientific perspective on music therapy
    Stefan Koelsch
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, United Kingdom
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1169:374-84. 2009
    ..Then, neuroscientific studies using music to investigate emotion, perception-action mediation ("mirror function"), and social cognition are reviewed, including illustrations of the relevance of these domains for music therapy...
  19. doi request reprint Amygdala activity can be modulated by unexpected chord functions during music listening
    Stefan Koelsch
    Junior Research Group Neurocognition of Music, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Science, Leipzig, Germany
    Neuroreport 19:1815-9. 2008
    ....
  20. doi request reprint P3a and mismatch negativity in individuals with moderate Intermittent Explosive Disorder
    Stefan Koelsch
    University of Sussex, Department of Psychology, Falmer, UK Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Science, Germany
    Neurosci Lett 460:21-6. 2009
    ..Because the P3a receives main contributions from the frontal, and the MMN from the temporal lobe, results support the notion that increased impulsivity is related to frontal, rather than temporal lobe function...
  21. ncbi request reprint Children processing music: electric brain responses reveal musical competence and gender differences
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:683-93. 2003
    ..This finding might support the notion of a common origin of music and language in the human brain, and concurs with findings that demonstrate the importance of musical features of speech for the acquisition of language...
  22. doi request reprint Children with specific language impairment also show impairment of music-syntactic processing
    Sebastian Jentschke
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstrasse 1a, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:1940-51. 2008
    ..These data provide evidence for a strong interrelation between the language and the music processing system, thereby setting the ground for possible effects of musical training in SLI therapy...
  23. ncbi request reprint EEG correlates of moderate intermittent explosive disorder
    Stefan Koelsch
    University of Sussex, Department of Psychology, Pevensey Building, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QH, UK
    Clin Neurophysiol 119:151-62. 2008
    ....
  24. doi request reprint Effects of selective attention on syntax processing in music and language
    Clemens Maidhof
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:2252-67. 2011
    ..Therefore, these findings provide no clear support for an interaction of neural resources for syntactic processing already at these early stages...
  25. ncbi request reprint The role of harmonic expectancy violations in musical emotions: evidence from subjective, physiological, and neural responses
    Nikolaus Steinbeis
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 18:1380-93. 2006
    ..Both groups also showed a P3 component in response to the very unexpected harmonies, which was considerably larger for musicians and may reflect the processing of stylistic violations of Western classical music...
  26. ncbi request reprint Bach speaks: a cortical "language-network" serves the processing of music
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany
    Neuroimage 17:956-66. 2002
    ....
  27. doi request reprint Are left fronto-temporal brain areas a prerequisite for normal music-syntactic processing?
    Daniela Sammler
    Department of Neuropsychology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Cortex 47:659-73. 2011
    ..Hence, the present findings are consistent with the notion that Broca's area supports the processing of syntax in a rather domain-general way...
  28. doi request reprint Short-term effects of processing musical syntax: an ERP study
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Brain Res 1212:55-62. 2008
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Untangling syntactic and sensory processing: an ERP study of music perception
    Stefan Koelsch
    Independent Junior Research Group Neurocognition of Music, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstrasse 1a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Psychophysiology 44:476-90. 2007
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Auditory stroop and absolute pitch: an fMRI study
    Katrin Schulze
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 34:1579-90. 2013
    ..Finally, verbal labelling of tones in AP musicians seems to be automatic. Overall, a unique feature of AP appears to be the similarity between verbal and tonal perception...
  31. doi request reprint Co-localizing linguistic and musical syntax with intracranial EEG
    Daniela Sammler
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstraße 1A, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Neuroimage 64:134-46. 2013
    ....
  32. doi request reprint Universal recognition of three basic emotions in music
    Thomas Fritz
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Curr Biol 19:573-6. 2009
    ....
  33. doi request reprint Processing expectancy violations during music performance and perception: an ERP study
    Clemens Maidhof
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:2401-13. 2010
    ..This shows that during performance, the intention to produce specific auditory effects leads to stronger expectancies than the expectancies built up during music perception...
  34. ncbi request reprint Processing tonal modulations: an ERP study
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:1149-59. 2003
    ..Participants were "nonmusicians"; results thus support the hypothesis that nonmusicians have a sophisticated (implicit) knowledge about musical regularities...
  35. ncbi request reprint Emotional processing of harmonic expectancy violations
    Nikolaus Steinbeis
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Junior Research Group, Neurocognition of Music, Stephanstr 1a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1060:457-61. 2005
    ..This study is about whether harmonic expectancy violations can trigger emotional processes, as indexed by physiological and subjective measures...
  36. ncbi request reprint Investigating the relationship of music and language in children: influences of musical training and language impairment
    Sebastian Jentschke
    Max Planck Institute of Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstr 1a, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1060:231-42. 2005
    ..The relationship between the ERP components is, moreover, manifested in the finding that an ERAN is present in linguistically nonimpaired children at the age of 5 years but not in children with language impairment of the same age...
  37. doi request reprint Can out-of-context musical sounds convey meaning? An ERP study on the processing of meaning in music
    Julia Grieser Painter
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Psychophysiology 48:645-55. 2011
    ..The results show that even short musical sounds outside of a musical context are capable of conveying meaning information, but that sounds require more elaborate processing than other kinds of meaningful stimuli...
  38. doi request reprint Predictive information processing in music cognition. A critical review
    Martin A Rohrmeier
    Cluster Languages of Emotion, Freie Universitat Berlin, Habelschwerdter Allee 45, Berlin, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 83:164-75. 2012
    ..At present, the combinations of neural and computational modelling methodologies are at early stages and require further research...
  39. doi request reprint Affective priming effects of musical sounds on the processing of word meaning
    Nikolaus Steinbeis
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:604-21. 2011
    ..There were no group differences, suggesting that musical expertise does not have an influence on the processing of emotional expression in music and its semantic connotations...
  40. ncbi request reprint Processing of musical syntax tonic versus subdominant: an event-related potential study
    Benedicte Poulin-Charronnat
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 18:1545-54. 2006
    ..The present results are discussed in relation to previous studies investigating harmonic violations with ERPs...
  41. doi request reprint Neuroarchitecture of verbal and tonal working memory in nonmusicians and musicians
    Katrin Schulze
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 32:771-83. 2011
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Shared neural resources between music and language indicate semantic processing of musical tension-resolution patterns
    Nikolaus Steinbeis
    Junior Research Group Neurocognition of Music Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, 04103, Leipzig, Germany
    Cereb Cortex 18:1169-78. 2008
    ..This is the first piece of evidence showing that tension- resolution patterns represent a route to meaning in music...
  43. doi request reprint Towards a neural basis of music-evoked emotions
    Stefan Koelsch
    Cluster of Excellence Languages of Emotion, Freie Universitat Berlin, Habelschwerdter Allee 45, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:131-7. 2010
    ..Because dysfunctions in these structures are related to emotional disorders, a better understanding of music-evoked emotions and their neural correlates can lead to a more systematic and effective use of music in therapy...
  44. ncbi request reprint Music perception in cochlear implant users: an event-related potential study
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany
    Clin Neurophysiol 115:966-72. 2004
    ..Compare the processing of music-syntactic irregularities and physical oddballs between cochlear implant (CI) users and matched controls...
  45. ncbi request reprint Music and emotion: electrophysiological correlates of the processing of pleasant and unpleasant music
    Daniela Sammler
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Psychophysiology 44:293-304. 2007
    ..This effect is taken to reflect emotional processing in close interaction with attentional functions. These findings show that Fm theta is modulated by emotion more strongly than previously believed...
  46. pmc Processing of hierarchical syntactic structure in music
    Stefan Koelsch
    Cluster Languages of Emotion, Freie Universitat, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:15443-8. 2013
    ....
  47. doi request reprint Syntax in a pianist's hand: ERP signatures of "embodied" syntax processing in music
    Daniela Sammler
    Department of Neuropsychology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Cortex 49:1325-39. 2013
    ..The combined behavioural and electrophysiological data show that the notion of musical syntax not only applies to the auditory modality but transfers--in trained musicians--to a "grammar of musical action"...
  48. doi request reprint Shadows of music-language interaction on low frequency brain oscillatory patterns
    Elisa Carrus
    Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London, London, UK
    Brain Lang 119:50-7. 2011
    ..Altogether, these results show that low frequency oscillatory networks get activated during the syntactic processing of both music and language, and further, these networks may possibly be shared...
  49. ncbi request reprint Significance of Broca's area and ventral premotor cortex for music-syntactic processing
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Cortex 42:518-20. 2006
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Effects of musical expertise on the early right anterior negativity: an event-related brain potential study
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany
    Psychophysiology 39:657-63. 2002
    ..The ERAN reflects fast and automatic neural mechanisms that process complex musical (music-syntactic) irregularities, and the present results indicate that these mechanisms can be modulated by expertise...
  51. doi request reprint Electrophysiological correlates of verbal and tonal working memory
    Katrin Bittrich
    Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg, Department of Psychology, 06099 Halle Saale, Germany
    Brain Res 1432:84-94. 2012
    ..Corroborating previous results, the present study reveals differences in the efficiency of working memory processes for tonal compared to verbal stimuli with processes being more capable for the verbal compared to the tonal condition...
  52. pmc Comparing the processing of music and language meaning using EEG and FMRI provides evidence for similar and distinct neural representations
    Nikolaus Steinbeis
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Research, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 3:e2226. 2008
    ..This provides an important piece of evidence in support of music meaning being represented in a very similar but also distinct fashion to language meaning: Both elicit an N400, but activate different portions of the right temporal lobe...
  53. ncbi request reprint Toward the neural basis of processing structure in music. Comparative results of different neurophysiological investigation methods
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 999:15-28. 2003
    ..This ability is probably of great importance for the acquisition of language in infants and children...
  54. doi request reprint Music-syntactic processing and auditory memory: similarities and differences between ERAN and MMN
    Stefan Koelsch
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
    Psychophysiology 46:179-90. 2009
    ..Other processes, such as predicting subsequent acoustic events and comparing new acoustic information with the predicted sound, presumably overlap strongly for MMN and ERAN...
  55. ncbi request reprint Music matters: preattentive musicality of the human brain
    Stefan Koelsch
    Max Planck lnstitute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany
    Psychophysiology 39:38-48. 2002
    ..Both ERAN and N5 differed in amplitude as a function of music-theoretical principles. Participants had no special musical expertise; results thus provide evidence for an automatic processing of musical information in onmusicians."..
  56. pmc Nobody is perfect: ERP effects prior to performance errors in musicians indicate fast monitoring processes
    Clemens Maidhof
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 4:e5032. 2009
    ..In the present study, we investigated brain potentials before the commission of errors in a natural and complex situation...
  57. doi request reprint Understanding the intentions behind man-made products elicits neural activity in areas dedicated to mental state attribution
    Nikolaus Steinbeis
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Research, Leipzig, Germany
    Cereb Cortex 19:619-23. 2009
    ....
  58. pmc Neural correlates of emotional personality: a structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging study
    Stefan Koelsch
    Department of Psychology and Cluster Languages of Emotion, Freie Universitat, Berlin, Germany
    PLoS ONE 8:e77196. 2013
    ..Results are the first to show personality-related differences using eigenvector centrality mapping, and the first to show structural brain differences for a physiological measure associated with personality. ..
  59. pmc From understanding to appreciating music cross-culturally
    Thomas Hans Fritz
    Department of Neurology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Science, Leipzig, Germany Institute for Psychoacoustics and Electronic Music, University of Gent, Gent, Belgium Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 8:e72500. 2013
    ..The data thus show that, to some degree, iconic meaning transcends cultural boundaries, with a high inter-individual variance, probably because meaning in music is prone to be overwritten by individual and cultural experience. ..
  60. pmc FMRI scanner noise interaction with affective neural processes
    Stavros Skouras
    Cluster of Excellence Languages of Emotion, Freie Universitat Berlin, Berlin, Germany Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Falmer, East Sussex, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e80564. 2013
    ....
  61. doi request reprint Working memory for speech and music
    Katrin Schulze
    Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1252:229-36. 2012
    ....
  62. pmc Effects of Music Listening on Cortisol Levels and Propofol Consumption during Spinal Anesthesia
    Stefan Koelsch
    Cluster of Excellence Languages of Emotion, Freie Universität Berlin Berlin, Germany
    Front Psychol 2:58. 2011
    ..Conclusion/Significance: Our data show that listening to music during surgery under regional anesthesia has effects on cortisol levels (reflecting stress-reducing effects) and reduces sedative requirements to reach light sedation...
  63. ncbi request reprint Sequential effects of increasing propofol sedation on frontal and temporal cortices as indexed by auditory event-related potentials
    Wolfgang Heinke
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Therapy, University of Leipzig, Germany
    Anesthesiology 100:617-25. 2004
    ..The ERAN mainly originates from frontal generators. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of increasing propofol sedation on different stages of auditory processing as reflected in P1, MMN, and ERAN...
  64. ncbi request reprint Adults and children processing music: an fMRI study
    Stefan Koelsch
    Music and Neuroimaging Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess, Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Neuroimage 25:1068-76. 2005
    ..In both adults and children, musical training was correlated with stronger activations in the frontal operculum and the anterior portion of the superior temporal gyrus...
  65. ncbi request reprint Electric brain responses reveal gender differences in music processing
    Stefan Koelsch
    Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA
    Neuroreport 14:709-13. 2003
    ..The present findings indicate that gender differences for the analysis of auditory information are not restricted to processes in the linguistic domain such as syntax, semantics, and phonology...
  66. ncbi request reprint Electric brain responses to inappropriate harmonies during listening to expressive music
    Stefan Koelsch
    Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, BIDMC, Dana 779, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 113:862-9. 2002
    ..g. variations in tempo and loudness were eliminated). This raises the question of whether these ERPs can also be elicited during listening to more naturalistic stimuli...
  67. ncbi request reprint Pitch discrimination accuracy in musicians vs nonmusicians: an event-related potential and behavioral study
    Mari Tervaniemi
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki Brain Research Centre, PO Box 9, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Exp Brain Res 161:1-10. 2005
    ..These results suggest that musical expertise may exert its effects merely at attentive levels of processing and not necessarily already at the preattentive levels...