U Hoffrage

Summary

Affiliation: Max Planck Institute for Human Development
Country: Germany

Publications

  1. ncbi Medicine. Communicating statistical information
    U Hoffrage
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Science 290:2261-2. 2000
  2. ncbi Using natural frequencies to improve diagnostic inferences
    U Hoffrage
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Acad Med 73:538-40. 1998
  3. ncbi Representation facilitates reasoning: what natural frequencies are and what they are not
    Ulrich Hoffrage
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195, Berlin, Germany
    Cognition 84:343-52. 2002
  4. ncbi [How can one improve the understanding and communication of the importance of medical test results?]
    U Hoffrage
    Max Planck Institut für Bildungsforschung, Berlin
    Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich 94:713-9. 2000
  5. ncbi How to keep children safe in traffic: find the daredevils early
    Ulrich Hoffrage
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Appl 9:249-60. 2003
  6. ncbi AIDS counselling for low-risk clients
    G Gigerenzer
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    AIDS Care 10:197-211. 1998
  7. ncbi Hindsight bias: a by-product of knowledge updating?
    U Hoffrage
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 26:566-81. 2000
  8. ncbi When one cue is not enough: combining fast and frugal heuristics with compound cue processing
    Rocio Garcia-Retamero
    Max Planck Institute, Berlin, Germany
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 60:1197-215. 2007
  9. ncbi Inferences under time pressure: how opportunity costs affect strategy selection
    Jörg Rieskamp
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 127:258-76. 2008
  10. ncbi The role of representative design in an ecological approach to cognition
    Mandeep K Dhami
    Department of Psychology, City University, London, England
    Psychol Bull 130:959-88. 2004

Detail Information

Publications14

  1. ncbi Medicine. Communicating statistical information
    U Hoffrage
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Science 290:2261-2. 2000
    ..Several applications in medicine, legal decision-making, and education are discussed...
  2. ncbi Using natural frequencies to improve diagnostic inferences
    U Hoffrage
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Acad Med 73:538-40. 1998
    ..Whereas probabilities and relative frequencies are normalized with respect to disease base rates, natural frequencies are not normalized...
  3. ncbi Representation facilitates reasoning: what natural frequencies are and what they are not
    Ulrich Hoffrage
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195, Berlin, Germany
    Cognition 84:343-52. 2002
    ..These new terms, however, are nothing more than vague labels for the basic properties of natural frequencies...
  4. ncbi [How can one improve the understanding and communication of the importance of medical test results?]
    U Hoffrage
    Max Planck Institut für Bildungsforschung, Berlin
    Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich 94:713-9. 2000
    ..Finally, we discuss the impact of a comprehensible risk and utility communication on the doctor-patient relationship...
  5. ncbi How to keep children safe in traffic: find the daredevils early
    Ulrich Hoffrage
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Appl 9:249-60. 2003
    ..Finally, they made decisions more quickly than risk avoiders. The authors discuss the implication of these results for traffic safety programs...
  6. ncbi AIDS counselling for low-risk clients
    G Gigerenzer
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    AIDS Care 10:197-211. 1998
    ..Based on experimental evidence, we propose a simple method that counsellors can learn to communicate risks in a more effective way...
  7. ncbi Hindsight bias: a by-product of knowledge updating?
    U Hoffrage
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 26:566-81. 2000
    ..The authors conclude that hindsight bias can be understood as a by-product of an adaptive process, namely the updating of knowledge after feedback...
  8. ncbi When one cue is not enough: combining fast and frugal heuristics with compound cue processing
    Rocio Garcia-Retamero
    Max Planck Institute, Berlin, Germany
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 60:1197-215. 2007
    ..Otherwise, the strategy that best predicted their choices was the Take The Best (TTB) heuristic...
  9. ncbi Inferences under time pressure: how opportunity costs affect strategy selection
    Jörg Rieskamp
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 127:258-76. 2008
    ..We conclude that people select strategies adaptively depending on characteristics of the situation...
  10. ncbi The role of representative design in an ecological approach to cognition
    Mandeep K Dhami
    Department of Psychology, City University, London, England
    Psychol Bull 130:959-88. 2004
    ..The importance of representative design in psychology and the implications of this method for ecological approaches to cognition are discussed...
  11. ncbi Hindsight bias: how knowledge and heuristics affect our reconstruction of the past
    Ralph Hertwig
    Columbia University, USA
    Memory 11:357-77. 2003
    ..Second, even if foresight knowledge is false, it can reduce hindsight bias. We conclude with a discussion of the functional value of hindsight bias...
  12. ncbi Research on hindsight bias: a rich past, a productive present, and a challenging future
    Ulrich Hoffrage
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Memory 11:329-35. 2003
    ..In this introduction to the present issue, we give a brief description of the phenomenon. Subsequently, we discuss the major theoretical accounts, focusing on how these are related to the papers included in the issue...
  13. ncbi Teaching Bayesian reasoning: an evaluation of a classroom tutorial for medical students
    Stephanie Kurzenhäuser
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Berlin, Germany
    Med Teach 24:516-21. 2002
    ..While both approaches improved performance, almost three times as many students were able to profit from representation training as opposed to rule training...
  14. ncbi Fast and frugal heuristics are plausible models of cognition: reply to Dougherty, Franco-Watkins, and Thomas (2008)
    Gerd Gigerenzer
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Psychol Rev 115:230-9. 2008
    ....