G Gigerenzer

Summary

Affiliation: Max Planck Institute for Human Development
Country: Germany

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Dread risk, September 11, and fatal traffic accidents
    Gerd Gigerenzer
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Psychol Sci 15:286-7. 2004
  2. pmc Do citizens have minimum medical knowledge? A survey
    Lucas M Bachmann
    Horten Centre for Patient Oriented Research, University of Zurich, Postfach Nord, Zurich, Switzerland
    BMC Med 5:14. 2007
  3. doi request reprint Heuristic decision making
    Gerd Gigerenzer
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Annu Rev Psychol 62:451-82. 2011
  4. pmc Public knowledge of benefits of breast and prostate cancer screening in Europe
    Gerd Gigerenzer
    Harding Center for Risk Literacy, Max Planck Institute of Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:1216-20. 2009
  5. ncbi request reprint AIDS counselling for low-risk clients
    G Gigerenzer
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    AIDS Care 10:197-211. 1998
  6. ncbi request reprint [Medical risk assessment--using the example of cancer screening]
    Gerd Gigerenzer
    Max Planck Institut für Bildungsforschung, Berlin
    Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 102:513-9; discussion 606-8. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Out of the frying pan into the fire: behavioral reactions to terrorist attacks
    Gerd Gigerenzer
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Lentzeallee 94, Berlin, Germany 14195
    Risk Anal 26:347-51. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Content-blind norms, no norms, or good norms? A reply to Vranas
    G Gigerenzer
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Cognition 81:93-103; discussion 105-11. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint The psychology of good judgment: frequency formats and simple algorithms
    G Gigerenzer
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Psychological Research, Munich, Germany
    Med Decis Making 16:273-80. 1996
  10. ncbi request reprint Using natural frequencies to improve diagnostic inferences
    U Hoffrage
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Acad Med 73:538-40. 1998

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications36

  1. ncbi request reprint Dread risk, September 11, and fatal traffic accidents
    Gerd Gigerenzer
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Psychol Sci 15:286-7. 2004
    ..I conclude that informing the public about psychological research concerning dread risks could possibly save lives...
  2. pmc Do citizens have minimum medical knowledge? A survey
    Lucas M Bachmann
    Horten Centre for Patient Oriented Research, University of Zurich, Postfach Nord, Zurich, Switzerland
    BMC Med 5:14. 2007
    ..We tested to what degree Swiss adult citizens satisfy this criterion for MMK and whether people with medical experience have acquired better knowledge than those without...
  3. doi request reprint Heuristic decision making
    Gerd Gigerenzer
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Annu Rev Psychol 62:451-82. 2011
    ..The big future challenge is to develop a systematic theory of the building blocks of heuristics as well as the core capacities and environmental structures these exploit...
  4. pmc Public knowledge of benefits of breast and prostate cancer screening in Europe
    Gerd Gigerenzer
    Harding Center for Risk Literacy, Max Planck Institute of Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:1216-20. 2009
    ..In the countries investigated, physicians and other information sources appear to have little impact on improving citizens' perceptions of these benefits...
  5. ncbi request reprint AIDS counselling for low-risk clients
    G Gigerenzer
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    AIDS Care 10:197-211. 1998
    ..Based on experimental evidence, we propose a simple method that counsellors can learn to communicate risks in a more effective way...
  6. ncbi request reprint [Medical risk assessment--using the example of cancer screening]
    Gerd Gigerenzer
    Max Planck Institut für Bildungsforschung, Berlin
    Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 102:513-9; discussion 606-8. 2008
    ..Hence, informed consent is unlikely to take place in everyday practice. Truly informed decision making in medicine requires more evidence and transparency for patients as well as a better statistical training of physicians...
  7. ncbi request reprint Out of the frying pan into the fire: behavioral reactions to terrorist attacks
    Gerd Gigerenzer
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Lentzeallee 94, Berlin, Germany 14195
    Risk Anal 26:347-51. 2006
    ..An estimated 1,500 Americans died on the road in the attempt to avoid the fate of the passengers who were killed in the four fatal flights...
  8. ncbi request reprint Content-blind norms, no norms, or good norms? A reply to Vranas
    G Gigerenzer
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Cognition 81:93-103; discussion 105-11. 2001
    ..I also show that content-blind norms can, unwittingly, lead to double standards: the norm in one problem is the fallacy in the next. The alternative to content-blind norms is not no norms, but rather carefully designed norms...
  9. ncbi request reprint The psychology of good judgment: frequency formats and simple algorithms
    G Gigerenzer
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Psychological Research, Munich, Germany
    Med Decis Making 16:273-80. 1996
    ..The author describes a fast and frugal algorithm. Take The Best, that violates standard principles of rational inference but can be as accurate as sophisticated "optimal" models for diagnostic inference...
  10. ncbi request reprint Using natural frequencies to improve diagnostic inferences
    U Hoffrage
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Acad Med 73:538-40. 1998
    ..Whereas probabilities and relative frequencies are normalized with respect to disease base rates, natural frequencies are not normalized...
  11. doi request reprint Does imitation benefit cue order learning?
    Rocio Garcia-Retamero
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Exp Psychol 56:307-20. 2009
    ..In two experiments, we find that people speed up cue learning in a similar way when provided with social information, both when they obtain the information from the experimenter or in free discussions with others...
  12. ncbi request reprint Hindsight bias: a by-product of knowledge updating?
    U Hoffrage
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 26:566-81. 2000
    ..The authors conclude that hindsight bias can be understood as a by-product of an adaptive process, namely the updating of knowledge after feedback...
  13. ncbi request reprint Medicine. Communicating statistical information
    U Hoffrage
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Science 290:2261-2. 2000
    ..Several applications in medicine, legal decision-making, and education are discussed...
  14. doi request reprint Using icon arrays to communicate medical risks: overcoming low numeracy
    Mirta Galesic
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Health Psychol 28:210-6. 2009
    ..This study investigates whether icon arrays increase accuracy of understanding medical risks, and whether they affect perceived seriousness of risks and helpfulness of treatments...
  15. doi request reprint Fast and frugal heuristics are plausible models of cognition: reply to Dougherty, Franco-Watkins, and Thomas (2008)
    Gerd Gigerenzer
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Psychol Rev 115:230-9. 2008
    ....
  16. doi request reprint Smart strategies for doctors and doctors-in-training: heuristics in medicine
    Odette Wegwarth
    Center of Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Med Educ 43:721-8. 2009
    ..This notion makes heuristics, which use less than complete information, appear as second-best strategies. In this article, we challenge this pessimistic view of heuristics...
  17. ncbi request reprint Models of ecological rationality: the recognition heuristic
    Daniel G Goldstein
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Psychol Rev 109:75-90. 2002
    ..The authors specify the conditions under which the recognition heuristic is successful and when it leads to the counterintuitive less-is-more effect in which less knowledge is better than more for making accurate inferences...
  18. pmc Good judgments do not require complex cognition
    Julian N Marewski
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195, Berlin, Germany
    Cogn Process 11:103-21. 2010
    ....
  19. doi request reprint From recognition to decisions: extending and testing recognition-based models for multialternative inference
    Julian N Marewski
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Psychon Bull Rev 17:287-309. 2010
    ..In four studies, we specify five competing models, conducting eight model comparisons. In these model comparisons, the recognition heuristic emerges as the best predictor of people's inferences...
  20. ncbi request reprint Simple heuristics and rules of thumb: where psychologists and behavioural biologists might meet
    John M C Hutchinson
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Behav Processes 69:97-124. 2005
    ..Optimality modelling is usually used to explain less detailed aspects of behaviour but might more often be redirected to investigate rules of thumb...
  21. doi request reprint Decisions on pharmacogenomic tests in the USA and Germany
    Odette Wegwarth
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany and Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany
    J Eval Clin Pract 17:228-35. 2011
    ..This study investigated oncologists' decision making on using pharmacogenomic tests for cancer treatment and examined cross-cultural differences between the USA and Germany...
  22. ncbi request reprint Representation facilitates reasoning: what natural frequencies are and what they are not
    Ulrich Hoffrage
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195, Berlin, Germany
    Cognition 84:343-52. 2002
    ..These new terms, however, are nothing more than vague labels for the basic properties of natural frequencies...
  23. ncbi request reprint Statistical illiteracy undermines informed shared decision making
    Wolfgang Gaissmaier
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Harding Center for Risk Literacy, Berlin
    Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 102:411-3. 2008
    ....
  24. doi request reprint [Do media reports and public brochures facilitate informed decision making about cervical cancer prevention?]
    A Neumeyer-Gromen
    Max Planck Institut für Bildungsforschung, Harding Center for Risk Literacy, Lentzeallee 94, 14195, Berlin, Deutschland
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 54:1197-210. 2011
    ..Minimum requirements were fulfilled by 1/220 vaccination and 1/20 screening reports. At present, informed decision making based on media coverage is hardly possible...
  25. ncbi request reprint [About the risk to communicate risk]
    O Wegwarth
    Max Planck Institut für Bildungsforschung, Berlin
    Ther Umsch 64:687-92. 2007
    ..We will argue in this article that this problem is mainly based on how risks are presented. We will reveal some of the common pitfalls and make suggestions on how to interpret and communicate risks in an easy fashion...
  26. ncbi request reprint Reasoning the fast and frugal way: models of bounded rationality
    G Gigerenzer
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Psychological Research, Munich, Germany
    Psychol Rev 103:650-69. 1996
    ..This result in an existence proof that cognitive mechanisms capable of successful performance in the real world do not need to satisfy the classical norms of rational inference...
  27. ncbi request reprint [How can one improve the understanding and communication of the importance of medical test results?]
    U Hoffrage
    Max Planck Institut für Bildungsforschung, Berlin
    Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich 94:713-9. 2000
    ..Finally, we discuss the impact of a comprehensible risk and utility communication on the doctor-patient relationship...
  28. doi request reprint [Competence in dealing with uncertainty: lessons to learn from the influenza pandemic (H1N1) 2009]
    M A Feufel
    Harding Zentrum für Risikokompetenz und Max Planck Institut für Bildungsforschung, Lentzeallee 94, 14195, Berlin, Deutschland
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 53:1283-9. 2010
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Précis of Simple heuristics that make us smart
    P M Todd
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Behav Brain Sci 23:727-41; discussion 742-80. 2000
    ..We present evidence regarding when people use simple heuristics and describe the challenges to be addressed by this research program...
  30. doi request reprint Natural frequencies help older adults and people with low numeracy to evaluate medical screening tests
    Mirta Galesic
    Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    Med Decis Making 29:368-71. 2009
    ..Elderly people are more often than younger people required to use such information to make informed choices regarding medical procedures (e.g., screenings)...
  31. doi request reprint Risky choice with heuristics: reply to Birnbaum (2008), Johnson, Schulte-Mecklenbeck, and Willemsen (2008), and Rieger and Wang (2008)
    Eduard Brandstätter
    Department of Psychology, Johannes Kepler University of Linz, Austria
    Psychol Rev 115:281-90. 2008
    ..The authors propose an adaptive toolbox approach of risky choice, according to which people first seek a no-conflict solution before resorting to conflict-resolving strategies such as the priority heuristic...
  32. doi request reprint Transparency in risk communication: graphical and analog tools
    Elke Kurz-Milcke
    Institute of Mathematics and Computing, University of Education Ludwigsburg, Reuteallee 46, 71634 Ludwigsburg, Germany
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1128:18-28. 2008
    ..This is both true and false. Graphical tools can be just as well employed for transparent and nontransparent risk communications...
  33. ncbi request reprint Children can solve Bayesian problems: the role of representation in mental computation
    Liqi Zhu
    Key Lab of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    Cognition 98:287-308. 2006
    ..These follow an overlapping wave model of development and continue to be observed in the minds of adults. More so than adults' probabilistic reasoning, children's reasoning depends on a proper representation of information...
  34. ncbi request reprint Benign breast disease--the risks of communicating risk
    Joann G Elmore
    N Engl J Med 353:297-9. 2005
  35. ncbi request reprint Why you think milan is larger than modena: neural correlates of the recognition heuristic
    Kirsten G Volz
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 18:1924-36. 2006
    ..As the aFMC has previously been associated with self-referential judgments, we conclude that RH decisional processes involve an assessment about the applicability of the RH...
  36. pmc The priority heuristic: making choices without trade-offs
    Eduard Brandstätter
    Department of Psychology, Johannes Kepler University of Linz, Altenbergerstrasse 69, 4040 Linz, Austria
    Psychol Rev 113:409-32. 2006
    ....