Christophe Boesch

Summary

Affiliation: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Country: Germany

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Taking development and ecology seriously when comparing cognition: reply to Tomasello and Call (2008)
    Christophe Boesch
    Max Planck Institute of Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, Leipzig, Germany
    J Comp Psychol 122:453-5. 2008
  2. pmc A novel adenovirus of Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)
    Diana Wevers
    FG12 Division of Viral Infections, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
    Virol J 7:303. 2010
  3. pmc No evidence for transmission of SIVwrc from western red colobus monkeys (Piliocolobus badius badius) to wild West African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) despite high exposure through hunting
    Siv Aina J Leendertz
    Robert Koch Institut, Nordufer 20, Berlin, Germany
    BMC Microbiol 11:24. 2011
  4. ncbi request reprint What makes us human (Homo sapiens)? The challenge of cognitive cross-species comparison
    Christophe Boesch
    Max Planck Institute of Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    J Comp Psychol 121:227-40. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Male competition and paternity in wild chimpanzees of the Taï forest
    Christophe Boesch
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig D 04103, Germany
    Am J Phys Anthropol 130:103-15. 2006
  6. doi request reprint Away from ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism: towards a scientific understanding of "what makes us human"
    Christophe Boesch
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Behav Brain Sci 33:86-7. 2010
  7. ncbi request reprint Why do chimpanzees die in the forest? The challenges of understanding and controlling for wild ape health
    Christophe Boesch
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Primatol 70:722-6. 2008
  8. doi request reprint Intergroup conflicts among chimpanzees in Taï National Park: lethal violence and the female perspective
    Christophe Boesch
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Primatol 70:519-32. 2008
  9. pmc Altruism in forest chimpanzees: the case of adoption
    Christophe Boesch
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 5:e8901. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Complex tool sets for honey extraction among chimpanzees in Loango National Park, Gabon
    Christophe Boesch
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04 103 Leipzig, Germany
    J Hum Evol 56:560-9. 2009

Detail Information

Publications64

  1. doi request reprint Taking development and ecology seriously when comparing cognition: reply to Tomasello and Call (2008)
    Christophe Boesch
    Max Planck Institute of Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, Leipzig, Germany
    J Comp Psychol 122:453-5. 2008
    ..Luckily, some recent research has shown how increasing the fairness of cross-species tests increases the performance of the apes...
  2. pmc A novel adenovirus of Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)
    Diana Wevers
    FG12 Division of Viral Infections, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
    Virol J 7:303. 2010
    ..The mixed phylogenetic clusters of gorilla, chimpanzee, bonobo and human AdVs within the HAdV-B species indicate that host switches may have been a component of the evolution of human and non-human primate HAdV-B viruses...
  3. pmc No evidence for transmission of SIVwrc from western red colobus monkeys (Piliocolobus badius badius) to wild West African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) despite high exposure through hunting
    Siv Aina J Leendertz
    Robert Koch Institut, Nordufer 20, Berlin, Germany
    BMC Microbiol 11:24. 2011
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint What makes us human (Homo sapiens)? The challenge of cognitive cross-species comparison
    Christophe Boesch
    Max Planck Institute of Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    J Comp Psychol 121:227-40. 2007
    ..This will require a shift in the theoretical approach adopted by many in experimental and comparative psychology...
  5. ncbi request reprint Male competition and paternity in wild chimpanzees of the Taï forest
    Christophe Boesch
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig D 04103, Germany
    Am J Phys Anthropol 130:103-15. 2006
    ..Varied levels of male competition within communities seem to explain differences in the reproductive success of alpha males observed in different chimpanzee populations, and in other primate species...
  6. doi request reprint Away from ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism: towards a scientific understanding of "what makes us human"
    Christophe Boesch
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Behav Brain Sci 33:86-7. 2010
    ..Only after removing ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism will we be able to progress in our understanding of "what makes us human."..
  7. ncbi request reprint Why do chimpanzees die in the forest? The challenges of understanding and controlling for wild ape health
    Christophe Boesch
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Primatol 70:722-6. 2008
  8. doi request reprint Intergroup conflicts among chimpanzees in Taï National Park: lethal violence and the female perspective
    Christophe Boesch
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Primatol 70:519-32. 2008
    ..The inclusion of the new complexities in intergroup interactions in chimpanzees allows new parallels to be drawn with the evolution of primitive warfare in humans...
  9. pmc Altruism in forest chimpanzees: the case of adoption
    Christophe Boesch
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 5:e8901. 2010
    ....
  10. doi request reprint Complex tool sets for honey extraction among chimpanzees in Loango National Park, Gabon
    Christophe Boesch
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04 103 Leipzig, Germany
    J Hum Evol 56:560-9. 2009
    ..A better understanding of similarities in human and chimpanzee tool use will allow for a greater understanding of tool-using skills that are uniquely human...
  11. pmc Male-mediated gene flow in patrilocal primates
    Grit Schubert
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e21514. 2011
    ..Still, male-mediated gene flow might occur through rare events such as extra-group matings leading to extra-group paternity (EGP) and female secondary dispersal with offspring, but the extent of this gene flow has not yet been assessed...
  12. pmc Mountain gorilla tug-of-war: silverbacks have limited control over reproduction in multimale groups
    Brenda J Bradley
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:9418-23. 2005
    ..Instead, as long-term assemblages of related and unrelated individuals, gorilla groups are similar to chimpanzee groups and so offer interesting possibilities for kin-biased interactions among individuals...
  13. pmc Non-invasive genetic monitoring of wild central chimpanzees
    Mimi Arandjelovic
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e14761. 2011
    ..Genotyping non-invasively collected faecal samples is an effective way of evaluating a species' population size without disruption, and can also reveal details concerning population structure...
  14. pmc Stable isotope evidence of meat eating and hunting specialization in adult male chimpanzees
    Geraldine E Fahy
    Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:5829-33. 2013
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Patterns of paternity and group fission in wild multimale mountain gorilla groups
    Anthony M Nsubuga
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Phys Anthropol 135:263-74. 2008
    ..Despite ecological differences between Bwindi and the Virunga Volcanoes, male mountain gorillas living in both populations benefit from remaining in multimale groups...
  16. doi request reprint How feeding competition determines female chimpanzee gregariousness and ranging in the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire
    Julia Riedel
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Primatol 73:305-13. 2011
    ..Care needs to be taken before generalizing results found in any one chimpanzee population to the species level...
  17. doi request reprint Phenotypic correlates of male reproductive success in western gorillas
    Thomas Breuer
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    J Hum Evol 62:466-72. 2012
    ..We discuss why such sexually dimorphic traits might be under ongoing selection in gorillas and other species...
  18. doi request reprint Identification of energy consumption and nutritional stress by isotopic and elemental analysis of urine in bonobos (Pan paniscus)
    Tobias Deschner
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 26:69-77. 2012
    ....
  19. doi request reprint A longitudinal study of urinary dipstick parameters in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in Côte d'Ivoire
    Siv Aina J Leendertz
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz, Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Primatol 72:689-98. 2010
    ..These findings highlight that there are differences in normal physiological parameters among wild chimpanzees living in different habitats...
  20. pmc The price of play: self-organized infant mortality cycles in chimpanzees
    Hjalmar S Kuehl
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 3:e2440. 2008
    ..They also lend more support to the view that infectious diseases are a major threat to the survival of remaining chimpanzee populations...
  21. pmc Co-Residence between Males and Their Mothers and Grandmothers Is More Frequent in Bonobos Than Chimpanzees
    Grit Schubert
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany Epidemiology of highly pathogenic microorganisms, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
    PLoS ONE 8:e83870. 2013
    ....
  22. doi request reprint Hunting, law enforcement, and African primate conservation
    Paul K N'Goran
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Conserv Biol 26:565-71. 2012
    ..The results of our monitoring guided law-enforcement patrols toward zones with the most hunting activity. Such systematic coordination of ecological monitoring and law enforcement may be applicable at other sites...
  23. doi request reprint Evidence for cultural differences between neighboring chimpanzee communities
    Lydia V Luncz
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Curr Biol 22:922-6. 2012
    ..Our findings highlight the subtleties of cultural differences in wild chimpanzees and illustrate how cultural knowledge is able to shape behavior, creating differences among neighboring social groups...
  24. ncbi request reprint Anthrax in Western and Central African great apes
    Fabian H Leendertz
    Great Ape Health Monitoring Unit, c o Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Primatol 68:928-33. 2006
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Non-invasive body temperature measurement of wild chimpanzees using fecal temperature decline
    Siv Aina Jensen
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig 04103, Germany
    J Wildl Dis 45:542-6. 2009
    ..The method was successfully applied and the average estimated temperature of the chimpanzees was 37.2 C. This simple-to-use field method reliably estimates the body temperature of wild chimpanzees and probably also other large mammals...
  26. doi request reprint Estimating chimpanzee population size with nest counts: validating methods in Taï National Park
    Célestin Yao Kouakou
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Primatol 71:447-57. 2009
    ..We recommend further research on covariate modeling of nest decay times as one way to improve the precision and to reduce the costs of conducting nest surveys...
  27. ncbi request reprint Sexual swellings in wild white-handed gibbon females (Hylobates lar) indicate the probability of ovulation
    Claudia Barelli
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Horm Behav 51:221-30. 2007
    ....
  28. doi request reprint Measuring urinary testosterone levels of the great apes--problems with enzymatic hydrolysis using Helix pomatia juice
    Barbara Hauser
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Department of Primatology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 158:77-86. 2008
    ..In all three species, we found substantial amounts of TS in the urine of some subjects and a high variance of TS proportion between and within subjects. Therefore the inclusion of solvolysis into the sample preparation seems necessary...
  29. doi request reprint Brief communication: Endocranial volumes in an ontogenetic sample of chimpanzees from the Taï Forest National Park, Ivory Coast
    Simon Neubauer
    Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Phys Anthropol 147:319-25. 2012
    ..Increasing the sample size and compiling more high quality ontogenetic data of EV will help to reconcile ongoing discussions about the evolution of hominin brain growth...
  30. ncbi request reprint Y-chromosome analysis confirms highly sex-biased dispersal and suggests a low male effective population size in bonobos (Pan paniscus)
    Jonas Eriksson
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Mol Ecol 15:939-49. 2006
    ..40,000-45,000). For humans the difference is merely a factor of two, suggesting a more stable demographic history in bonobos in comparison to humans...
  31. ncbi request reprint Using photogrammetry and color scoring to assess sexual dimorphism in wild western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla)
    Thomas Breuer
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Phys Anthropol 134:369-82. 2007
    ..Further studies should examine if these sexually dimorphic traits are honest signals of competitive ability and confer an advantage in reproductive success...
  32. pmc Forest chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) remember the location of numerous fruit trees
    Emmanuelle Normand
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, Leipzig, Germany
    Anim Cogn 12:797-807. 2009
    ..Therefore, this study shows that forest chimpanzees possess a precise spatial memory which allows them to remember the location of numerous resources and use this information to select the most attractive resources...
  33. ncbi request reprint Anthrax kills wild chimpanzees in a tropical rainforest
    Fabian H Leendertz
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Nature 430:451-2. 2004
    ..Our results suggest that epidemic diseases represent substantial threats to wild ape populations, and through bushmeat consumption also pose a hazard to human health...
  34. ncbi request reprint Dental trait expression at the enamel-dentine junction of lower molars in extant and fossil hominoids
    Matthew M Skinner
    Hominid Paleobiology Doctoral Program, Department of Anthropology, 2110 G Street NW, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA
    J Hum Evol 54:173-86. 2008
    ..Finally, this study demonstrates that imaging the EDJ of both worn and unworn fossil hominin teeth provides a novel source of information about tooth development and variation in crown morphology...
  35. doi request reprint Niche differentiation and dietary seasonality among sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees in Loango National Park (Gabon) revealed by stable isotope analysis
    Vicky M Oelze
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Department of Primatology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Department of Human Evolution, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany Electronic address
    J Hum Evol 66:95-106. 2014
    ....
  36. pmc Receiving post-conflict affiliation from the enemy's friend reconciles former opponents
    Roman M Wittig
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 5:e13995. 2010
    ..This presents a mechanism through which chimpanzees may gain benefits from social knowledge...
  37. ncbi request reprint Manipulating decay time for efficient large-mammal density estimation: gorillas and dung height
    Hjalmar S Kuehl
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, Leipzig 04103, Germany
    Ecol Appl 17:2403-14. 2007
    ..Further research is necessary to evaluate whether the temporal bias inherent in such an approach is small enough to ignore, given the 10-20-fold increases in precision promised by a PDR approach...
  38. pmc Long-term reciprocation of grooming in wild West African chimpanzees
    Cristina M Gomes
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Proc Biol Sci 276:699-706. 2009
    ..Our findings strongly suggest that chimpanzees, similar to humans, are able to keep track of past social interactions, at least for a one-week period, and balance services over repeated encounters...
  39. doi request reprint Discrimination of extant Pan species and subspecies using the enamel-dentine junction morphology of lower molars
    Matthew M Skinner
    Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig 04103, Germany
    Am J Phys Anthropol 140:234-43. 2009
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint Female sexual swelling size, timing of ovulation, and male behavior in wild West African chimpanzees
    Tobias Deschner
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig 04103, Germany
    Horm Behav 46:204-15. 2004
    ..Thus, most of our findings are in line with the predictions of the graded signal hypothesis while none of them would support the reliable indicator hypothesis...
  41. ncbi request reprint Development of a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of 23 endogenous steroids in small quantities of primate urine
    Barbara Hauser
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Department of Primatology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 862:100-12. 2008
    ..The solvolysis proved to be essential for all investigated steroids except for pregnandiol, tetrahydrocortisol and tetrahydrocortisone, which were found to be less then 10% in the solvolysis fraction...
  42. pmc Wild chimpanzees exchange meat for sex on a long-term basis
    Cristina M Gomes
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 4:e5116. 2009
    ..Similar studies on humans will determine if the direct nutritional benefits that women receive from hunters in foraging societies could also be driving the relationship between reproductive success and good hunting skills...
  43. ncbi request reprint Dispersed male networks in western gorillas
    Brenda J Bradley
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Curr Biol 14:510-3. 2004
    ..Furthermore, these results suggest that a patrilocal social structure, in which males remain in their natal region and potentially benefit from kin associations, is a feature unifying African apes and humans...
  44. pmc Genetic and 'cultural' similarity in wild chimpanzees
    Kevin E Langergraber
    Primatology Department, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, Leipzig 04103, Germany
    Proc Biol Sci 278:408-16. 2011
    ..These results indicate that genetic dissimilarity cannot be eliminated as playing a major role in generating group differences in chimpanzee behaviour...
  45. pmc Characterization of Bacillus anthracis-like bacteria isolated from wild great apes from Cote d'Ivoire and Cameroon
    Silke R Klee
    Robert Koch Institut, Centre for Biological Safety 2, Nordufer 20, 13353 Berlin, Germany
    J Bacteriol 188:5333-44. 2006
    ..We propose that the newly discovered atypical B. anthracis strains share a common ancestor with classic B. anthracis or that they emerged recently by transfer of the B. anthracis plasmids to a strain of the B. cereus group...
  46. ncbi request reprint SIVcpz in wild chimpanzees
    Mario L Santiago
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 6024, USA
    Science 295:465. 2002
  47. ncbi request reprint Non-invasive testing reveals a high prevalence of simian T-lymphotropic virus type 1 antibodies in wild adult chimpanzees of the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire
    Fabian H Leendertz
    Zentrum für Biologische Sicherheit, Robert Koch Institut, Nordufer 20, 13353 Berlin, Germany
    J Gen Virol 85:3305-12. 2004
    ..The prevalence of STLV-1 antibodies in adults and adolescents was significantly higher (35/49, 71.4 %) than that in infant and juvenile chimpanzees (3/31, 9.7 %)...
  48. ncbi request reprint Environmental factors influencing the seasonality of estrus in chimpanzees
    Dean P Anderson
    Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin Madison, 430 Lincoln Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53704, USA
    Primates 47:43-50. 2006
    ..The presence of estrous females increases gregariousness in chimpanzee communities, and this study identified environmental factors that affect estrus directly and hence social grouping indirectly...
  49. pmc High variety of different simian T-cell leukemia virus type 1 strains in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) of the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire
    Fabian H Leendertz
    Division of Retrovirology, Robert Koch Institute, D 13353 Berlin, Germany
    J Virol 78:4352-6. 2004
    ....
  50. pmc A new Bacillus anthracis found in wild chimpanzees and a gorilla from West and Central Africa
    Fabian H Leendertz
    Robert Koch Institut, Center for Biological Safety, Berlin, Germany
    PLoS Pathog 2:e8. 2006
  51. pmc 4,300-year-old chimpanzee sites and the origins of percussive stone technology
    Julio Mercader
    Department of Archaeology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 1N4
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:3043-8. 2007
    ....
  52. pmc New Streptococcus pneumoniae clones in deceased wild chimpanzees
    Fang Chi
    Department of Microbiology, University of Kaiserslautern, Paul Ehrlich Strasse 23, D 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany
    J Bacteriol 189:6085-8. 2007
    ..The findings suggest that virulent S. pneumoniae occurs in populations of wild chimpanzees with the potential to cause infections similar to those observed in humans...
  53. ncbi request reprint Morphological variation in adult chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) of the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire
    Adrienne L Zihlman
    Anthropology Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz 65064, CA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 135:34-41. 2008
    ..The combination of cranial and postcranial data provides a clearer picture of chimpanzee intraspecific and interspecific variation than can be gained from either data set alone...
  54. ncbi request reprint Habituation of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) of the South Group at Taï Forest, Côte d'Ivoire: empirical measure of progress
    Paco Bertolani
    Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge, Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies, Cambridge, UK
    Folia Primatol (Basel) 79:162-71. 2008
    ..Reproductive status and individuality may also have influenced habituation rates by affecting the number of contacts required to habituate a chimpanzee to neutral humans...
  55. doi request reprint Pandemic human viruses cause decline of endangered great apes
    Sophie Köndgen
    Robert Koch Institut, Nordufer 20, D 13353 Berlin, Germany
    Curr Biol 18:260-4. 2008
    ..These observations illustrate the challenge of maximizing the benefit of research and tourism to great apes while minimizing the negative side effects...
  56. ncbi request reprint Home-range characteristics and the influence of seasonality on female reproduction in white-handed gibbons (Hylobates lar) at Khao Yai National Park, Thailand
    Tommaso Savini
    Department of Environmental Science and Management, Faculty of Science, University of Liege, Liege B 4020, Belgium
    Am J Phys Anthropol 135:1-12. 2008
    ..Our findings underline the unique phylogenetic position of these small-bodied apes in terms of reproductive patterns in primates...
  57. pmc Molecular ecology and natural history of simian foamy virus infection in wild-living chimpanzees
    Weimin Liu
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America
    PLoS Pathog 4:e1000097. 2008
    ....
  58. pmc Wild chimpanzee dentition and its implications for assessing life history in immature hominin fossils
    Adrienne Zihlman
    Department of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:10541-3. 2004
    ..captive chimpanzee populations. A revised dental growth chronology for chimpanzees is similar to estimated timing of Homo erectus and therefore has implications for interpreting life history in hominins...
  59. ncbi request reprint Characterization of a new simian T-lymphocyte virus type 1 (STLV-1) in a wild living chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) from Ivory Coast: evidence of a new STLV-1 group?
    Fabian H Leendertz
    Retrovirology, Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, Germany
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 19:255-8. 2003
    ..The tax sequences reveal two sequence differences that seem to be unique as they are not found in any of the HTLV-1 or STLV-1 tax sequences from the public databases...
  60. ncbi request reprint Excavation of a chimpanzee stone tool site in the African rainforest
    Julio Mercader
    Department of Anthropology, George Washington University, 2110 G Street NW, Washington, DC 20052, USA
    Science 296:1452-5. 2002
    ..The repeated use of activity areas led to refuse accumulation and site formation. The implications of these data for the interpretation of the earliest hominin archaeological record are explored...
  61. ncbi request reprint Locomotor behavior and long bone morphology in individual free-ranging chimpanzees
    Kristian J Carlson
    Anthropologisches Institut und Museum, Universitat Zurich Irchel, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Hum Evol 50:394-404. 2006
    ....
  62. ncbi request reprint Behavioral ecology of western gorillas: new insights from the field
    Diane M Doran-Sheehy
    Department of Anthropology, SUNY at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York, USA
    Am J Primatol 64:139-43. 2004
    ....
  63. pmc Interspecies transmission of simian foamy virus in a natural predator-prey system
    Fabian H Leendertz
    Emerging Zoonoses, Robert Koch Institute, Nordufer 20, 13353 Berlin, Germany
    J Virol 82:7741-4. 2008
    ..Chimpanzees infected with chimpanzee SFV strains were shown to be coinfected with SFV from colobus monkeys, indicating that apes are susceptible to SFV superinfection, including highly divergent strains from other primate species...
  64. doi request reprint Comparing social skills of children and apes
    Frans B M de Waal
    Science 319:569; author reply 569. 2008