Petra Gastmeier

Summary

Affiliation: Humboldt University
Country: Germany

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Dramatic increase in vancomycin-resistant enterococci in Germany
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin, Germany German National Reference Centre for Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections NRZ, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin, Germany
    J Antimicrob Chemother 69:1660-4. 2014
  2. pmc Health care workers causing large nosocomial outbreaks: a systematic review
    Lisa Danzmann
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str, 1, Hannover D 30625, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 13:98. 2013
  3. doi request reprint [Healthcare-associated infection rates: measuring and comparing. Experiences from the German National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System (KISS) and from other surveillance systems]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, Berlin, Germany
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 55:1363-9. 2012
  4. doi request reprint [Excess mortality and prolongation of stay due to bloodstream infections caused by multiresistant pathogens in Germany]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 137:1689-92. 2012
  5. pmc Individual units rather than entire hospital as the basis for improvement: the example of two Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus cohort studies
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine Charité University Hospital Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin, Germany
    Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 1:8. 2012
  6. pmc Decreasing healthcare-associated infections (HAI) is an efficient method to decrease healthcare-associated Methicillin-resistant S.aureus (MRSA) infections Antimicrobial resistance data from the German national nosocomial surveillance system KISS
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin, Germany
    Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 1:3. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Influence of laminar airflow on prosthetic joint infections: a systematic review
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 81:73-8. 2012
  8. pmc Screening and control of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in 186 intensive care units: different situations and individual solutions
    Anke Kohlenberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Hygiene, University of Cologne, Goldenfelsstrasse 19 21, 50935 Cologne, Germany
    Crit Care 15:R285. 2011
  9. pmc An evidence-based recommendation on bed head elevation for mechanically ventilated patients
    Barbara S Niël-Weise
    Leiden University Medical Center, Dutch Working Party Infection Prevention, C7 130, Postbus 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, Germany
    Crit Care 15:R111. 2011
  10. pmc Five-years surveillance of invasive aspergillosis in a university hospital
    Karolin Graf
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 11:163. 2011

Detail Information

Publications134 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint Dramatic increase in vancomycin-resistant enterococci in Germany
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin, Germany German National Reference Centre for Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections NRZ, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin, Germany
    J Antimicrob Chemother 69:1660-4. 2014
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the development of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in German hospitals and to consider the regional distribution of VRE in Germany...
  2. pmc Health care workers causing large nosocomial outbreaks: a systematic review
    Lisa Danzmann
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str, 1, Hannover D 30625, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 13:98. 2013
    ..Staff in the hospital itself may be the source of a nosocomial outbreak (NO). But the role of undetected carriers as an outbreak source is yet unknown...
  3. doi request reprint [Healthcare-associated infection rates: measuring and comparing. Experiences from the German National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System (KISS) and from other surveillance systems]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, Berlin, Germany
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 55:1363-9. 2012
    ..Organizational aspects, such as mandatory participation with public disclosure on infection rates may also have an impact...
  4. doi request reprint [Excess mortality and prolongation of stay due to bloodstream infections caused by multiresistant pathogens in Germany]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 137:1689-92. 2012
    ..Multiresistant pathogens cause substantial excess mortality and prolongation of hospital stay. However, until now there are no reliable estimates for Germany...
  5. pmc Individual units rather than entire hospital as the basis for improvement: the example of two Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus cohort studies
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine Charité University Hospital Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin, Germany
    Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 1:8. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  6. pmc Decreasing healthcare-associated infections (HAI) is an efficient method to decrease healthcare-associated Methicillin-resistant S.aureus (MRSA) infections Antimicrobial resistance data from the German national nosocomial surveillance system KISS
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin, Germany
    Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 1:3. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  7. doi request reprint Influence of laminar airflow on prosthetic joint infections: a systematic review
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 81:73-8. 2012
    ..However, the evidence for these systems is limited and the additional expenses for LAF are substantial...
  8. pmc Screening and control of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in 186 intensive care units: different situations and individual solutions
    Anke Kohlenberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Hygiene, University of Cologne, Goldenfelsstrasse 19 21, 50935 Cologne, Germany
    Crit Care 15:R285. 2011
    ..The aim of this observational study was to describe and evaluate the association between MRSA incidence densities (IDs) and screening and control measures in ICUs participating in the German Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System...
  9. pmc An evidence-based recommendation on bed head elevation for mechanically ventilated patients
    Barbara S Niël-Weise
    Leiden University Medical Center, Dutch Working Party Infection Prevention, C7 130, Postbus 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, Germany
    Crit Care 15:R111. 2011
    ..This recommendation, however, is not an evidence-based one...
  10. pmc Five-years surveillance of invasive aspergillosis in a university hospital
    Karolin Graf
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 11:163. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of invasive aspergillosis (IA) cases in a tertiary care university hospital using a standardized surveillance method...
  11. pmc Impact of a silver layer on the membrane of tap water filters on the microbiological quality of filtered water
    Ralf Peter Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 8:133. 2008
    ..Terminal tap water filters may be used to prevent nosocomial Legionnaires' disease. We present data from water samples using an improved kind of tap water filters...
  12. pmc The microbiological quality of air improves when using air conditioning systems in cars
    Ralf Peter Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 10:146. 2010
    ..However, its impact on the number of particles and microorganisms inside the vehicle--and by this its impact on the risk of an allergic reaction--is yet unknown...
  13. doi request reprint [Less blood culture samples: less infections?]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Deutschland
    Anaesthesist 60:902-7. 2011
    ....
  14. doi request reprint Outbreaks of nosocomial infections: lessons learned and perspectives
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 21:357-61. 2008
    ..The review summarizes the results of selected outbreak reports and systematic analyses of nosocomial outbreaks from 2007 and focuses on different aspects of hospital epidemiology and infection control...
  15. doi request reprint [Quality management for preventing healthcare-acquired infections. The importance of surveillance]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin und Nationales Referenzzentrum für die Surveillance von nosokomialen Infektionen, Hindenburgdamm 27, Berlin, Germany
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 54:207-12. 2011
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Are nosocomial infection rates in intensive care units useful benchmark parameters?
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene, Free University of Berlin, Virchow Clinic, Germany
    Infection 28:346-50. 2000
    ....
  17. doi request reprint [How many nosocomial infections are avoidable?]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin, Berlin
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 135:91-3. 2010
    ..While the available data do not allow a precise estimation of the number of nosocomial infections, their avoidance and the associated deaths. However, the data presented describe the size of the problem in Germany...
  18. doi request reprint [Nosocomial infections in Germany. What are the numbers, based on the estimates for 2006?]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut für Hygiene und Umweltmedizin und Nationales Referenzzentrum für die Surveillance von nosokomialen Infektionen, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 133:1111-5. 2008
    ....
  19. doi request reprint [Nosocomial infections. Evidence based infection control measures]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin
    Internist (Berl) 51:129-35. 2010
    ..Factors which impede the process of translating research findings into infection control practice have to be identified and suggestions how these barriers may be overcome should be provided...
  20. ncbi request reprint Repeated prevalence investigations on nosocomial infections for continuous surveillance
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene, Free University Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 45:47-53. 2000
    ..A further follow-up of later microbiological reports is not recommended, and it seems useful to concentrate on patients with indwelling devices...
  21. doi request reprint Surveillance of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea with the German nosocomial infection surveillance system KISS (CDAD-KISS)
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine, Hindenburgdamm 27, D 12203 Berlin, Germany
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 33:S19-23. 2009
    ..However, the group of hospitals participating in the study was small and may not be representative of the situation in the country as a whole...
  22. doi request reprint Ten years of KISS: the most important requirements for success
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine in Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 70:11-6. 2008
    ..The article describes in more detail how KISS tries to fulfill these requirements...
  23. doi request reprint Reproducibility of the surveillance effect to decrease nosocomial infection rates
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 30:993-9. 2009
    ....
  24. doi request reprint Benchmarking of urinary tract infection rates: experiences from the intensive care unit component of the German national nosocomial infections surveillance system
    P Gastmeier
    Institute for Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 78:41-4. 2011
    ..Reducing symptomatic CAUTI is also possible however and including CAUTI in the overall ICU surveillance activities does not create a significant additional workload...
  25. doi request reprint Healthcare-associated versus community-acquired infections: a new challenge for science and society
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, National Reference Centre for Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections, Hindenburgdamm 27, D 12203 Berlin, Germany
    Int J Med Microbiol 300:342-5. 2010
    ..To really support the activities in the society, intervention studies are urgently needed to provide a more robust basis for decisions to improve the situation...
  26. doi request reprint Prolonged duration of operation: an indicator of complicated surgery or of surgical (mis)management?
    P Gastmeier
    Institute for Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, Berlin, Germany
    Infection 39:211-5. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate whether a prolonged operative time should be regarded as an indicator of quality problems in operating rooms or as patient-specific risk factors when analyzing surgical site infection (SSI) rates...
  27. pmc Early- and late-onset pneumonia: is this still a useful classification?
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, Berlin, Germany
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 53:2714-8. 2009
    ..This classification is no longer helpful for empirical antibiotic therapy, since the pathogens are the same for both groups...
  28. doi request reprint Operating room ventilation with laminar airflow shows no protective effect on the surgical site infection rate in orthopedic and abdominal surgery
    Christian Brandt
    Charité Universtitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Surg 248:695-700. 2008
    ..To evaluate whether operating room (OR) ventilation with (vertical) laminar airflow impacts on surgical site infection (SSI) rates...
  29. ncbi request reprint Comparison of hospital-acquired infection rates in paediatric burn patients
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene, Free University Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 52:161-5. 2002
    ..In addition, burn wound infections should be recorded using the percentage of TBSA for stratification of burn wound infection rates...
  30. ncbi request reprint Antibiotic usage in German hospitals: results of the second national prevalence study
    Sonja Hansen
    Institute of Hygiene, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin, Germany
    J Antimicrob Chemother 68:2934-9. 2013
    ..This study describes findings and targets for quality improvement in German hospitals identified in a national point prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections and AU...
  31. doi request reprint Laminar airflow ceiling size: no impact on infection rates following hip and knee prosthesis
    Ann Christin Breier
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Hospital Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 32:1097-102. 2011
    ..The size of the LAF ceiling is also often a question of debate. Our objective is to determine the effect of this technique under conditions of actual rather than ideal use...
  32. ncbi request reprint Reducing central venous catheter-associated primary bloodstream infections in intensive care units is possible: data from the German nosocomial infection surveillance system
    Irina Zuschneid
    Institute of Hygiene, Free University Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:501-5. 2003
    ..This study investigates trends in the rates of central venous catheter (CVC)-associated primary bloodstream infections (BSIs) in ICUs since participation in KISS...
  33. pmc Nosocomial infection and antibiotic use: a second national prevalence study in Germany
    Michael Behnke
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin
    Dtsch Arztebl Int 110:627-33. 2013
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint How many nosocomial infections are associated with cross-transmission? A prospective cohort study in a surgical intensive care unit
    Klaus Weist
    Institute of Hygiene, Free University Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 23:127-32. 2002
    ..To determine the percentage of cross-transmissions in an intensive care unit (ICU) with high nosocomial infection (NI) rates according to the data of the German Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System...
  35. doi request reprint Establishment of a national surveillance system for alcohol-based hand rub consumption and change in consumption over 4 years
    Michael Behnke
    National Reference Center for Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections, Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 33:618-20. 2012
    ..There was a median increase in AHC of 35.9% (P < .01) in 159 hospitals that participated in the surveillance system for 4 years...
  36. doi request reprint Representativeness of the surveillance data in the intensive care unit component of the German nosocomial infections surveillance system
    Irina Zuschneid
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, and the National Reference Center for Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections, Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 31:934-8. 2010
    ..To assess the representativeness of the data in the Krankenhaus Infektions Surveillance System (KISS), which is a nosocomial infections surveillance system for intensive care units (ICUs) in Germany...
  37. ncbi request reprint Finding a method for optimizing risk adjustment when comparing surgical-site infection rates
    Christian Brandt
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 25:313-8. 2004
    ....
  38. doi request reprint Use of central venous catheter and peripheral venous catheter as risk factors for nosocomial bloodstream infection in very-low-birth-weight infants
    Christine Geffers
    National Reference Center for the Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections, Institute for Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 31:395-401. 2010
    ....
  39. pmc Risk factors associated with the community-acquired colonization of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) positive Escherichia Coli. an exploratory case-control study
    Rasmus Leistner
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany German National Reference Center for the Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections, Berlin, Germany
    PLoS ONE 8:e74323. 2013
    ..The objective of this study was to assess factors associated with community-acquired colonization of ESBL (+) E. coli...
  40. pmc Dramatic increase of third-generation cephalosporin-resistant E. coli in German intensive care units: secular trends in antibiotic drug use and bacterial resistance, 2001 to 2008
    Elisabeth Meyer
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin, Germany
    Crit Care 14:R113. 2010
    ..The objective of the present study was to analyse secular trends in antibiotic consumption and resistance data from a network of 53 intensive care units (ICUs)...
  41. doi request reprint Antibiotic consumption and resistance: data from Europe and Germany
    Elisabeth Meyer
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin, Germany
    Int J Med Microbiol 303:388-95. 2013
    ....
  42. doi request reprint Sternal surgical site infection prevention - is there any room for improvement?
    Andreas Beckmann
    German Society for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Langenbeck Virchow Haus, Berlin, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 40:347-51. 2011
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Compliance with antiseptic hand rub use in intensive care units: the Hawthorne effect
    Tim Eckmanns
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:931-4. 2006
    ..To determine the influence the Hawthorne effect has on compliance with antiseptic hand rub (AHR) use among healthcare personnel...
  44. doi request reprint Pneumonia associated with invasive and noninvasive ventilation: an analysis of the German nosocomial infection surveillance system database
    Anke Kohlenberg
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203, Berlin, Germany
    Intensive Care Med 36:971-8. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the utilization of IMV and NIV and the associated incidence densities (IDs) of pneumonia and to compare the characteristics of pneumonia cases and the spectrum of associated pathogens...
  45. doi request reprint Mortality attributable to hospital-acquired infections among surgical patients
    Christine Geffers
    German National Reference Center for Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections, Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:1167-70. 2008
    ..Of the 731 case patients, 42 (5.7%) died; of the 731 control patients, 23 (3.1%) died--a significant difference of 2.6%...
  46. ncbi request reprint Validation of surveillance in the intensive care unit component of the German nosocomial infections surveillance system
    I Zuschneid
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:496-9. 2007
    ..The mean sensitivity was 66% (median, 81%), and the mean specificity was 99.4% (median, 99.6%)...
  47. ncbi request reprint A quality management project in 8 selected hospitals to reduce nosocomial infections: a prospective, controlled study
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute for Hygiene, Free University of Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 23:91-7. 2002
    ..To reduce the number of nosocomial infections (NIs) in surgical patients by a quality management approach...
  48. doi request reprint Increasing consumption of MRSA-active drugs without increasing MRSA in German ICUs
    Elisabeth Meyer
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin, Germany
    Intensive Care Med 37:1628-32. 2011
    ..The aim of our study was to analyze changes in the consumption of MRSA-active antibiotics and in the burden of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) over a period of 9 years in a network of German intensive care units (ICU)...
  49. doi request reprint [Clean hands campaign: no chance for healthcare associated infections]
    Christiane Reichardt
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin und Nationales Referenzzentrum für die Surveillance von nosokomialen Infektionen
    Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 43:678-9. 2008
    ....
  50. pmc Nosocomial infections and multidrug-resistant organisms in Germany: epidemiological data from KISS (the Hospital Infection Surveillance System)
    Christine Geffers
    Institut für Hygiene und Umweltmedizin und Nationales Referenzzentrum für die Surveillance von nosokomialen Infektionen, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, Berlin, Germany
    Dtsch Arztebl Int 108:87-93. 2011
    ....
  51. doi request reprint Does stratifying surgical site infection rates by the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance risk index influence the rank order of the hospitals in a surveillance system?
    S Brummer
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, National Reference Centre for Surveillance of Nosocomial Infection, Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 69:295-300. 2008
    ..95). A department's rank position does not change remarkably when the CIR, which is easier to understand and simpler to record, is taken into account for comparison instead of the SIR...
  52. ncbi request reprint Regional trends in multidrug-resistant infections in German intensive care units: a real-time model for epidemiological monitoring and analysis
    A Kohlenberg
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine, Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 73:239-45. 2009
    ..This new surveillance module enables ICUs to monitor the occurrence of MDR bacteria by comparing local incidence densities with a national reference and shows significant regional variation of MDR bacteria in Germany...
  53. ncbi request reprint Trends in ventilator-associated pneumonia rates within the German nosocomial infection surveillance system (KISS)
    I Zuschneid
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:314-8. 2007
    ..To investigate trends in ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rates during participation in the German nosocomial infection surveillance system (Krankenhaus-Infektions-Surveillance-System [KISS])...
  54. pmc The impact of staffing on central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections in preterm neonates - results of nation-wide cohort study in Germany
    Rasmus Leistner
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, German National Reference Center for the Surveillance of Healthcare Associated Infections, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, Berlin, Germany, 12203, Germany
    Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2:11. 2013
    ..In addition to the established intrinsic risk factors of VLBW newborns, it is still not clear which process and structure parameters within NICUs influence the prevalence of CVC BSI...
  55. ncbi request reprint The influence of high-efficiency particulate air filtration on mortality and fungal infection among highly immunosuppressed patients: a systematic review
    Tim Eckmanns
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Infect Dis 193:1408-18. 2006
    ....
  56. doi request reprint Is there an association between nosocomial infection rates and bacterial cross transmissions?
    Axel Kola
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Crit Care Med 38:46-50. 2010
    ..These exogenous infections could be prevented by adherence to basic infection control measures. The association between bacterial cross transmissions and nosocomial infection rates was analyzed...
  57. doi request reprint Impact of restriction of third generation cephalosporins on the burden of third generation cephalosporin resistant K. pneumoniae and E. coli in an ICU
    Elisabeth Meyer
    Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    Intensive Care Med 35:862-70. 2009
    ..To test whether a reduction of third generation cephalosporin (3GC) use has a sustainable positive impact on the high endemic prevalence of 3GC resistant K. pneumoniae and E. coli...
  58. ncbi request reprint The relationship between methodological trial quality and the effects of impregnated central venous catheters
    Christine Geffers
    Department of Hospital Hygiene, Charite, Heubnerweg 6, 14059 Berlin, Germany
    Intensive Care Med 29:403-9. 2003
    ..We assessed the methodological trial quality of individual randomized controlled studies on chlorhexidine silver sulfadiazine impregnated catheters and the effect on catheter-related infection (CRI)...
  59. pmc Nosocomial methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia - epidemiology and trends based on data of a network of 586 German ICUs (2005-2009)
    Elisabeth Meyer
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin, Germany
    Eur J Med Res 15:514-24. 2010
    ....
  60. doi request reprint Impact of alcohol hand-rub use on meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: an analysis of the literature
    S Sroka
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 74:204-11. 2010
    ..78), whereas there was no such correlation between compliance and MRSA. An increased consumption of AHR was associated with a significant reduction of MRSA rates...
  61. doi request reprint [Clean Hands Campaign. No chance for hospital infections!]
    C Reichardt
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin
    Unfallchirurg 112:679-82. 2009
    ....
  62. ncbi request reprint [Incidence of transmission of pathogens in intensive care units. Results of the SIR 3 study]
    S Bärwolff
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Charite, Universitatsmedizin, Berlin
    Anaesthesist 54:560-6. 2005
    ..5% of all nosocomial infections. The data of this study demonstrate that even in ICUs with average nosocomial infection rates, some nosocomial infections could be avoided...
  63. ncbi request reprint [Compliance with hand hygiene in intensive care units]
    T Eckmanns
    Institut fur Hygiene, Universitatsklinikum Benjamin Franklin, Freie Universität Berlin Zentralbereich Krankenhaushygiene und Infektionsprävention, Universitatsklinikum Charite, Humboldt Universitat Berlin
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 126:745-9. 2001
    ..We wished to answer the following questions: 1. How good is the compliance of hand hygiene on intensive care units? 2. Is compliance associated with the patient/nurse-ratio?..
  64. ncbi request reprint [Microbiological isolates associated with nosocomial infections in intensive care units: data of 274 intensive care units participating in the German Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System (KISS)]
    C Geffers
    Nationales Referenzzentrum für Surveillance von nosokomialen Infektionen
    Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 39:15-9. 2004
    ..To describe the frequency and distribution of microbiological isolates in association with nosocomial infections (NI) in intensive care units (ICUs) in Germany...
  65. doi request reprint National influences on catheter-associated bloodstream infection rates: practices among national surveillance networks participating in the European HELICS project
    S Hansen
    Institute for Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 71:66-73. 2009
    ..Differences in cultural, social and legal perspectives as well as differences between healthcare systems are crucial in explaining these differences...
  66. ncbi request reprint [Role and responsibilities of infection control practitioners and hospital epidemiologists in the context of cost effectiveness]
    H Ruden
    Charite, Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 47:323-8. 2004
    ....
  67. ncbi request reprint Importance of the surveillance method: national prevalence studies on nosocomial infections and the limits of comparison
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene, Free University, Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 19:661-7. 1998
    ..To demonstrate the limits of comparison of national prevalence rates of nosocomial infections...
  68. doi request reprint Incidence of healthcare-associated infections in high-risk neonates: results from the German surveillance system for very-low-birthweight infants
    C Geffers
    National Reference Center for Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 68:214-21. 2008
    ..1 and 0.6 according to birthweight category). HAI is frequent among VLBW and shows wide variation between neonatology departments. Preventive strategies to reduce infections in these infants should be prioritised...
  69. ncbi request reprint New identification of outliers and ventilator-associated pneumonia rates from 2005 to 2007 within the German Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System
    E Meyer
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 73:246-52. 2009
    ..Since 2008, visual feedback to the KISS ICUs has been supplied by funnel plots. These are less prone to misinterpretation than histograms and they indicate when investigation is required for increasing VAP...
  70. ncbi request reprint [Surgical site infection rates using a laparoscopic approach: results of the German national nosocomial infections surveillance system]
    S Brummer
    Nationales Referenzzentrum NRZ für nosokomiale Infektionen, Berlin, Deutschland
    Chirurg 78:910-4. 2007
    ..Our aim was to assess the impact of laparoscopy on surgical site infections...
  71. ncbi request reprint Closure of medical departments during nosocomial outbreaks: data from a systematic analysis of the literature
    S Hansen
    Institute for Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 65:348-53. 2007
    ..A systematic evaluation of nosocomial outbreaks can be a valuable tool for education of staff in the absence of an outbreak, but may be even more helpful for potentially cost-intensive decisions in the acute outbreak setting on the ward...
  72. ncbi request reprint Reducing neonatal nosocomial bloodstream infections through participation in a national surveillance system
    F Schwab
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine in Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 65:319-25. 2007
    ..Our data suggest that participation in ongoing surveillance of nosocomial infections in NICUs, requiring individual units to feedback data, may lead to a reduction in BSI rates...
  73. doi request reprint [Surveillance of nosocomial infections among very low birth weight infants in NEO-KISS: from a voluntary system to a mandatory regulation]
    C Geffers
    Nationales Referenzzentrum für Surveillance nosokomialer Infektionen, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Deutschland
    Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 212:170-5. 2008
    ..Since 2006 exist an official decision that participation in NEO-KISS is a prerequisite for the care of VLBW at level III NICUs in Germany...
  74. ncbi request reprint Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Europe: which infection control measures are taken?
    S Hansen
    Institute for Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203, Berlin, Germany
    Infection 38:159-64. 2010
    ..To reduce the spread of MRSA in the healthcare setting, a sufficient MRSA management is essential. In order to reflect the MRSA management across Europe, MRSA prevention policies were surveyed in ten countries...
  75. ncbi request reprint Time-trends for Gram-negative and multidrug-resistant Gram-positive bacteria associated with nosocomial infections in German intensive care units between 2000 and 2005
    A Kohlenberg
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Clin Microbiol Infect 14:93-6. 2008
    ..3% to 68.6%). The proportion of BSIs caused by Gram-negative bacteria declined significantly, from 36.4% to 22.7%. The frequency of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among all S. aureus isolates increased from 19.8% to 37.2%...
  76. ncbi request reprint Reduction of surgical site infections after Caesarean delivery using surveillance
    S Bärwolff
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 64:156-61. 2006
    ..64; 95% CI 0.49-0.83). As shown previously for other types of HAI, this study demonstrated that continuous surveillance and comparison with stratified reference data could reduce SSI infection rates after CD...
  77. ncbi request reprint The reduction of nosocomial MRSA infection in Germany: an analysis of data from the Hospital Infection Surveillance System (KISS) between 2007 and 2012
    Elisabeth Meyer
    Städtisches Klinikum München, Institute of Hygiene, Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, German National Reference Center for Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections
    Dtsch Arztebl Int 111:331-6. 2014
    ..We determined the percentage of nosocomial Staphylococcus aureus infections in Germany that were accounted for by MRSA in the past six years and looked for regional differences in the overall downward trend...
  78. ncbi request reprint Converting incidence and prevalence data of nosocomial infections: results from eight hospitals
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene, Free University Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 22:31-4. 2001
    ..However, although it is theoretically possible, we would not recommend the conversion of prevalence into incidence data or vice versa...
  79. ncbi request reprint Surveillance of nosocomial infections in ICUs: is postdischarge surveillance indispensable?
    C Geffers
    Institute for Hygiene, Free University of Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 22:157-9. 2001
    ..To determine how many infections are missed if the postdischarge surveillance (PDS) follow-up of intensive care unit (ICU) patients that is required by the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System method is not done...
  80. doi request reprint [Prevention of nosocomial infections]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Hindenburgdammm 27, 12203, Berlin
    Chirurg 79:263-72. 2008
    ....
  81. ncbi request reprint Reduction of surgical site infection rates associated with active surveillance
    C Brandt
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:1347-51. 2006
    ..To evaluate whether surgical site infection (SSI) rates decrease in surgical departments as a result of performing active SSI surveillance...
  82. doi request reprint The warmer the weather, the more gram-negative bacteria - impact of temperature on clinical isolates in intensive care units
    Frank Schwab
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany National Reference Centre for Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections, Berlin, Germany
    PLoS ONE 9:e91105. 2014
    ..We investigated the relationship between average monthly temperature and the most common clinical pathogens causing infections in intensive care patients...
  83. pmc Attributable costs of ventilator-associated lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) acquired on intensive care units: a retrospectively matched cohort study
    Rasmus Leistner
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, National Reference Center for the Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections, Charite, University Medicine Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, Berlin, 12203, Germany
    Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2:13. 2013
    ..They have not only an impact on each patient's individual health but also result in a considerable financial burden for the healthcare system. Our aim was to determine the costs and the length of stay of patients with ICU-acquired LRTI...
  84. pmc The step from a voluntary to a mandatory national nosocomial infection surveillance system: the influence on infection rates and surveillance effect
    Frank Schwab
    National Reference Center for Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections, Berlin, Germany
    Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 1:24. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  85. pmc Concordance between European and US case definitions of healthcare-associated infections
    Sonja Hansen
    Institute for Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 27, D 12203, Berlin, Germany
    Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 1:28. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  86. doi request reprint Impact of department volume on surgical site infections following arthroscopy, knee replacement or hip replacement
    Elisabeth Meyer
    Nationales Referenzzentrum für die Surveillance von nosokomialen Infektionen, Berlin 12203, Germany
    BMJ Qual Saf 20:1069-74. 2011
    ..To examine the association between surgical department volume and the risk of surgical site infections (SSI) after orthopaedic procedures...
  87. ncbi request reprint [Surveillance of postoperative wound infections: reference data of the Hospital Infection Surveillance System (KISS)]
    E Steinbrecher
    Institut für Hygiene Universitätsklinikum Benjamin Franklin Freie Universität Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin
    Chirurg 73:76-82. 2002
    ..Assessing the level of one's own infection rates is often difficult, since there have been no suitable comparative data available in Germany in the past due to the lack of a uniform method of determining these rates...
  88. ncbi request reprint Adherence to standard operating procedures is crucial for intensive care unit survival of elderly patients
    I Nachtigall
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, Berlin, Germany
    J Int Med Res 36:438-59. 2008
    ..8% versus 19.8%, respectively. It was concluded that adherence to SOPs based on evidence-based medicine that consider local resistance rates for antibiotic treatment in elderly ICU patients is associated with a lower mortality rate...
  89. doi request reprint [Incidence of infection from catheter procedures for regional anesthesia: first results from the network of DGAI and BDA]
    T Volk
    Kliniken für Anästhesiologie und operative Intensivmedizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Campus Charité Mitte und Campus Virchow Klinikum, Berlin, Deutschland
    Anaesthesist 58:1107-12. 2009
    ..From this the first results on infectious complications will be reported...
  90. ncbi request reprint A cluster of nosocomial Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infections in a neonatal intensive care department: Identification of transmission and intervention
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Germany
    Am J Infect Control 31:424-30. 2003
    ..We sought to determine the cause and mode of transmission of a cluster of bloodstream infections as a result of Klebsiella pneumoniae...
  91. ncbi request reprint Quality of outbreak descriptions in medical literature
    Ralf Peter Vonberg
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:699-700. 2007
  92. ncbi request reprint Outbreaks in neonatal intensive care units - they are not like others
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Am J Infect Control 35:172-6. 2007
    ..The objective of this systematic review was to identify differences between outbreaks of health care-associated infections in NICUs and other ICUs as reported to date in the medical literature...
  93. ncbi request reprint Usefulness of severity-of-illness scores based on admission data only in nosocomial infection surveillance systems
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:453-8. 2007
    ..In addition to standardization according to device use, another stratification of reference data according to patients' severity-of-illness scores is often required for benchmarking in intensive care units (ICUs)...
  94. ncbi request reprint How many infections are caused by patient-to-patient transmission in intensive care units?
    Hajo Grundmann
    European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Crit Care Med 33:946-51. 2005
    ..Such information would be useful for the implementation of appropriate infection control measures...
  95. ncbi request reprint Nosocomial infection surveillance and control policies
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 17:295-301. 2004
    ..This paper investigates the contribution made by articles published in the last year to the development of nosocomial-infection surveillance and control policies...
  96. ncbi request reprint Where should one search when confronted with outbreaks of nosocomial infection?
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Am J Infect Control 34:603-5. 2006
    ..Overall, in 37.1%, no source was identified. The main sources identified were index patients (40.3%), followed by equipment and devices (21.1%), environment (19.8%), and personnel (15.8%)...
  97. ncbi request reprint Thoracic organ transplantation may not increase the risk of bacterial transmission in intensive care units
    Frauke Mattner
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 210:139-45. 2007
    ..05, CI(95%) 1.01-1.09, p<0.01). Thoracic organ transplantation was not found to be a risk factor for bacterial transmission, but transmission was associated with a prolonged length of stay...
  98. ncbi request reprint Bacterial contamination of multiple-dose vials: a prevalence study
    Frauke Mattner
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Am J Infect Control 32:12-6. 2004
    ..Therefore, a prevalence study was performed to investigate the use and contamination of multiple-use vials in a tertiary hospital...
  99. ncbi request reprint Impact of the suctioning system (open vs. closed) on the incidence of ventilation-associated pneumonia: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Ralf Peter Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School of Hannover, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Intensive Care Med 32:1329-35. 2006
    ..The choice of suctioning system (open vs. closed) remains unresolved in evidence-based guidelines. This meta-analysis was carried out to analyze the effect of the type of suctioning system on the incidence of VAP...
  100. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for surgical site infections in a free-standing outpatient setting
    Stefan Hirsemann
    Brandenburg Community Hospital, Brandenburg, Germany
    Am J Infect Control 33:6-10. 2005
    ..More information about risk factors for surgical site infections in outpatient settings is necessary for creation of surveillance systems in this field...