Petra Gastmeier

Summary

Affiliation: Hannover Medical School
Country: Germany

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint [Infection control in the hospital with reference to MRSA (methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus)]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
    Internist (Berl) 44:1042-3. 2003
  2. pmc Risk factors for the development of nosocomial pneumonia and mortality on intensive care units: application of competing risks models
    Martin Wolkewitz
    Institute of Medical Biometry and Medical Informatics, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    Crit Care 12:R44. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint [Surgical site infections in hospitals and outpatient settings. Results of the German nosocomial infection surveillance system (KISS)]
    P Gastmeier
    Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 47:339-44. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint [Risk management from the hygienist's perspective]
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
    Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich 97:613-7. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infections: analysis of studies published between 2002 and 2005
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 64:326-35. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint [Surveillance of nosocomial infections]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover
    Ther Umsch 61:204-9. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint Development of a surveillance system for nosocomial infections: the component for neonatal intensive care units in Germany
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 57:126-31. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint [Use of information on nosocomial outbreaks for infection control]
    P Gastmeier
    Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 47:334-8. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint [Responsibility of surgeons for surgical site infections]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover
    Chirurg 77:506-11. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Nosocomial infection surveillance and control policies
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 17:295-301. 2004

Detail Information

Publications112 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint [Infection control in the hospital with reference to MRSA (methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus)]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
    Internist (Berl) 44:1042-3. 2003
  2. pmc Risk factors for the development of nosocomial pneumonia and mortality on intensive care units: application of competing risks models
    Martin Wolkewitz
    Institute of Medical Biometry and Medical Informatics, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    Crit Care 12:R44. 2008
    ..However, the evaluation in most of theses studies disregards the fact that there are additional competing events, such as discharge or death...
  3. ncbi request reprint [Surgical site infections in hospitals and outpatient settings. Results of the German nosocomial infection surveillance system (KISS)]
    P Gastmeier
    Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 47:339-44. 2004
    ..The available results demonstrate that this approach can lead to a substantial reduction of surgical site infections...
  4. ncbi request reprint [Risk management from the hygienist's perspective]
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
    Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich 97:613-7. 2003
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infections: analysis of studies published between 2002 and 2005
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 64:326-35. 2006
    ..Simple interventions are often useful for reducing CR-BSI rates and the opportunities to decrease CR-BSI rates appear to be greatest when multi-module programmes are applied. An average reduction of more than 50% seems to be possible...
  6. ncbi request reprint [Surveillance of nosocomial infections]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover
    Ther Umsch 61:204-9. 2004
    ..Cost-effectiveness is likely associated with surveillance activities within the KISS framework, as these activities will have a beneficial effect on nosocomial infection rates in participating hospitals...
  7. ncbi request reprint Development of a surveillance system for nosocomial infections: the component for neonatal intensive care units in Germany
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 57:126-31. 2004
    ..We have an overview of 3357 neonates in three birthweight groups. This article explains the reasons for the various steps, and the advantages and disadvantages of modification of the original NNIS methods and definitions...
  8. ncbi request reprint [Use of information on nosocomial outbreaks for infection control]
    P Gastmeier
    Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 47:334-8. 2004
    ..This article describes the need for a systematic collection of outbreaks published in the literature and an available possibility for filling this gap...
  9. ncbi request reprint [Responsibility of surgeons for surgical site infections]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover
    Chirurg 77:506-11. 2006
    ..However, surgeons alone cannot achieve such a decrease, and a team approach is required under most circumstances...
  10. ncbi request reprint Nosocomial infection surveillance and control policies
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 17:295-301. 2004
    ..This paper investigates the contribution made by articles published in the last year to the development of nosocomial-infection surveillance and control policies...
  11. ncbi request reprint Correlation between the genetic diversity of nosocomial pathogens and their survival time in intensive care units
    P Gastmeier
    Hannover Medical School, Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 62:181-6. 2006
    ..821, P=0.024). Environmental survival may be an important factor contributing to the ecological fitness of some nosocomial pathogens in ICUs. Infection control measures should consider this finding...
  12. ncbi request reprint Reduction of orthopaedic wound infections in 21 hospitals
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 125:526-30. 2005
    ..The purpose of this article is to investigate whether surveillance and feedback of surgical site infection (SSI) information to the physicians and nurses of participating hospitals lead to reduced SSI rates or not...
  13. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for death due to nosocomial infection in intensive care unit patients: findings from the Krankenhaus Infektions Surveillance System
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:466-72. 2007
    ..To determine risk factors for death among patients with nosocomial pneumonia and patients with primary bloodstream infections (BSI) in intensive care units (ICUs)...
  14. ncbi request reprint [Mortality in German intensive care units: dying from or with a nosocomial infection?]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
    Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 40:267-72. 2005
    ..To describe mortality from intensive care unit acquired infections in German ICUs...
  15. ncbi request reprint How outbreaks can contribute to prevention of nosocomial infection: analysis of 1,022 outbreaks
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:357-61. 2005
    ..To describe the epidemiology of nosocomial outbreaks published in the scientific literature...
  16. ncbi request reprint Usefulness of severity-of-illness scores based on admission data only in nosocomial infection surveillance systems
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:453-8. 2007
    ..In addition to standardization according to device use, another stratification of reference data according to patients' severity-of-illness scores is often required for benchmarking in intensive care units (ICUs)...
  17. ncbi request reprint Mortality risk factors with nosocomial Staphylococcus aureus infections in intensive care units: results from the German Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System (KISS)
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany
    Infection 33:50-5. 2005
    ..aureus (MSSA)...
  18. ncbi request reprint [Respiratory filters and pneumonia: many unresolved questions]
    P Gastmeier
    Arbeitsbereich Krankenhaushygiene, Institut fur Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 126:835-9. 2001
    ..It was the objective of this paper to investigate the evidence for HMEF from the viewpoint of prevention of pneumonia and to investigate the appropriate changing intervals as well as filter materials...
  19. ncbi request reprint Evidence-based infection control in the ICU (except catheters)
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Curr Opin Crit Care 13:557-62. 2007
    ..The focus is on ventilator-associated pneumonia, urinary tract infections and surgical site infections...
  20. ncbi request reprint Prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia: analysis of studies published since 2004
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 67:1-8. 2007
    ..Often simple interventions are useful for the reduction of VAP rates, for which the best chances appeared to be the application of multi-module programmes. On average a reduction of more than 40% seems to be possible...
  21. ncbi request reprint Occurrence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections in German intensive care units
    P Gastmeier
    Division of Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control, Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hanover Medical School, Germany
    Infection 30:198-202. 2002
    ..This study aims to describe the occurrence of nosocomial methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections and the relation between endemic and epidemic nosocomial MRSA infections in intensive care units (ICUs) in Germany...
  22. ncbi request reprint Comparison of hospital-acquired infection rates in paediatric burn patients
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene, Free University Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 52:161-5. 2002
    ..In addition, burn wound infections should be recorded using the percentage of TBSA for stratification of burn wound infection rates...
  23. ncbi request reprint European perspective on surveillance
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 65:159-64. 2007
    ..The exchange of experience between the European surveillance networks in this respect in particular--remains a cornerstone and will motivate further activities in the individual countries...
  24. ncbi request reprint [Surveillance of nosocomial infections in intensive care units. Current data and interpretations]
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 115:99-103. 2003
    ..5% of S. aureus associated primary BSI were due to MRSA. KISS data are useful benchmarks for internal quality management, however a careful interpretation is necessary to stimulate infection control efforts...
  25. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of a nationwide nosocomial infection surveillance system for reducing nosocomial infections
    P Gastmeier
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical University, Hannover, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 64:16-22. 2006
    ..66-0.76] and the RR for CR-BSI was 0.80 (95% CI 0.72-0.90). The corresponding RR for SSI was 0.72 [95% CI 0.64-0.80]. Participation in KISS was associated with a significant reduction in these three NIs...
  26. ncbi request reprint The burden of MRSA in four German university hospitals
    Iris F Chaberny
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Carl Neuberg Street 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 208:447-53. 2005
    ....
  27. doi request reprint Is there an association between nosocomial infection rates and bacterial cross transmissions?
    Axel Kola
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Crit Care Med 38:46-50. 2010
    ..These exogenous infections could be prevented by adherence to basic infection control measures. The association between bacterial cross transmissions and nosocomial infection rates was analyzed...
  28. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of multi-drug-resistant gram-negative bacteria: data from an university hospital over a 36-month period
    Ralf Peter Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Carl Neuberg Street 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 211:251-7. 2008
    ..Because there are many immunocompromised patients in our facility we will continue our current infection control management until more data concerning MRGN are available...
  29. ncbi request reprint Post-operative nosocomial infections after lung and heart transplantation
    Frauke Mattner
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    J Heart Lung Transplant 26:241-9. 2007
    ..Thoracic transplant recipients appear to be at high risk for post-operative infections. Therefore, we investigated the incidence and risk factors of post-operative nosocomial infections (NIs) in lung and heart transplant recipients...
  30. ncbi request reprint Outbreaks in neonatal intensive care units - they are not like others
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Am J Infect Control 35:172-6. 2007
    ..The objective of this systematic review was to identify differences between outbreaks of health care-associated infections in NICUs and other ICUs as reported to date in the medical literature...
  31. ncbi request reprint How often do asymptomatic healthcare workers cause methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus outbreaks? A systematic evaluation
    Ralf Peter Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:1123-7. 2006
    ..Of 191 outbreaks identified, 11 had strong epidemiological evidence that HCWs were the source. In 3 of these outbreaks, asymptomatic carriers were the cause. The frequent practice of screening asymptomatic HCWs should be reconsidered...
  32. ncbi request reprint To isolate or not to isolate? Analysis of data from the German Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System regarding the placement of patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in private rooms in intensive care units
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 25:109-13. 2004
    ..To investigate whether isolating patients with MRSA in private rooms in ICUs (or cohorting) is a protective factor for nosocomial MRSA infection...
  33. pmc Impact of a silver layer on the membrane of tap water filters on the microbiological quality of filtered water
    Ralf Peter Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 8:133. 2008
    ..Terminal tap water filters may be used to prevent nosocomial Legionnaires' disease. We present data from water samples using an improved kind of tap water filters...
  34. ncbi request reprint Development of a surveillance system for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in German hospitals
    Iris F Chaberny
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:446-52. 2007
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Where should one search when confronted with outbreaks of nosocomial infection?
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Am J Infect Control 34:603-5. 2006
    ..Overall, in 37.1%, no source was identified. The main sources identified were index patients (40.3%), followed by equipment and devices (21.1%), environment (19.8%), and personnel (15.8%)...
  36. doi request reprint Impact of routine surgical ward and intensive care unit admission surveillance cultures on hospital-wide nosocomial methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections in a university hospital: an interrupted time-series analysis
    Iris F Chaberny
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str 1, D 30625 Hannover, Germany
    J Antimicrob Chemother 62:1422-9. 2008
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Risk of rabies infection and adverse effects of postexposure prophylaxis in healthcare workers and other patient contacts exposed to a rabies virus-infected lung transplant recipient
    Frauke Mattner
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:513-8. 2007
    ..The patient was given ventilatory assistance and cared for postoperatively for 6 weeks before a diagnosis of rabies virus infection was made. Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) was offered to potentially exposed healthcare workers (HCWs)...
  38. ncbi request reprint Reducing central venous catheter-associated primary bloodstream infections in intensive care units is possible: data from the German nosocomial infection surveillance system
    Irina Zuschneid
    Institute of Hygiene, Free University Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:501-5. 2003
    ..This study investigates trends in the rates of central venous catheter (CVC)-associated primary bloodstream infections (BSIs) in ICUs since participation in KISS...
  39. ncbi request reprint A cluster of nosocomial Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infections in a neonatal intensive care department: Identification of transmission and intervention
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Germany
    Am J Infect Control 31:424-30. 2003
    ..We sought to determine the cause and mode of transmission of a cluster of bloodstream infections as a result of Klebsiella pneumoniae...
  40. ncbi request reprint Decrease of deep sternal surgical site infection rates after cardiac surgery by a comprehensive infection control program
    Karolin Graf
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, D 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 9:282-6. 2009
    ..Thus, cardiac surgeons should know the local baseline DSSI rate, e.g. by surveillance, and should be aware of the risk factors for DSSI cases...
  41. ncbi request reprint An infection with linezolid-resistant S. aureus in a patient with left ventricular assist system
    Axel Kola
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover, Germany
    Scand J Infect Dis 39:463-5. 2007
    ..Linezolid should be used with caution when invasive devices or foreign materials are in place or therapeutic courses last longer than 14 d. Previous cases of linezolid-resistant S. aureus are summarized...
  42. pmc Health care workers causing large nosocomial outbreaks: a systematic review
    Lisa Danzmann
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str, 1, Hannover D 30625, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 13:98. 2013
    ..Staff in the hospital itself may be the source of a nosocomial outbreak (NO). But the role of undetected carriers as an outbreak source is yet unknown...
  43. ncbi request reprint Thoracic organ transplantation may not increase the risk of bacterial transmission in intensive care units
    Frauke Mattner
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 210:139-45. 2007
    ..05, CI(95%) 1.01-1.09, p<0.01). Thoracic organ transplantation was not found to be a risk factor for bacterial transmission, but transmission was associated with a prolonged length of stay...
  44. ncbi request reprint Five years working with the German nosocomial infection surveillance system (Krankenhaus Infektions Surveillance System)
    Petra Gastmeier
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School, Hannover
    Am J Infect Control 31:316-21. 2003
    ..KISS is considered the national reference database, but continuous evaluation and development of KISS are necessary to react adequately...
  45. doi request reprint Surveillance with successful reduction of central line-associated bloodstream infections among neutropenic patients with hematologic or oncologic malignancies
    Iris F Chaberny
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Ann Hematol 88:907-12. 2009
    ..58; 95% CI 0.339-0.987; p < 0.05). Significant risk factors for nosocomial CA-BSIs during the neutropenic phase were AML as underlying disease as well as transplantations...
  46. ncbi request reprint Surveillance of cystic fibrosis patients with multi-drug resistant Gram-negative rods
    Ralf Peter Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 209:333-6. 2006
    ..Especially cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are known to be at risk for MRGN acquisition. We present surveillance data of endemic MRGN in CF patients from a German university hospital during a 3-year period...
  47. ncbi request reprint Impact of the suctioning system (open vs. closed) on the incidence of ventilation-associated pneumonia: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Ralf Peter Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School of Hannover, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Intensive Care Med 32:1329-35. 2006
    ..The choice of suctioning system (open vs. closed) remains unresolved in evidence-based guidelines. This meta-analysis was carried out to analyze the effect of the type of suctioning system on the incidence of VAP...
  48. ncbi request reprint How many nosocomial infections are associated with cross-transmission? A prospective cohort study in a surgical intensive care unit
    Klaus Weist
    Institute of Hygiene, Free University Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 23:127-32. 2002
    ..To determine the percentage of cross-transmissions in an intensive care unit (ICU) with high nosocomial infection (NI) rates according to the data of the German Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System...
  49. pmc Clinical relevance of and risk factors for HSV-related tracheobronchitis or pneumonia: results of an outbreak investigation
    Ilka Engelmann
    Institute of Virology, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Crit Care 11:R119. 2007
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Clinical impact of infections caused by ESBL-producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae
    Axel Kola
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Scand J Infect Dis 39:975-82. 2007
    ..67%, p=0.034). There was no difference in in-hospital mortality between case and control patients with RTI/BSI (25% vs 20%, p=1.0)...
  51. ncbi request reprint [Dramatic increase of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea in Germany: has the new strain PCR-ribotype 027 already reached us?]
    C Reichardt
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 132:223-8. 2007
  52. ncbi request reprint Repeated prevalence investigations on nosocomial infections for continuous surveillance
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene, Free University Berlin, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 45:47-53. 2000
    ..A further follow-up of later microbiological reports is not recommended, and it seems useful to concentrate on patients with indwelling devices...
  53. ncbi request reprint Are nosocomial infection rates in intensive care units useful benchmark parameters?
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene, Free University of Berlin, Virchow Clinic, Germany
    Infection 28:346-50. 2000
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint [Which rate describes the MRSA situation appropriately?]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 132:1480-2. 2007
    ..This article explains the advantages and disadvantages of different ways of expressing MRSA rates of infection and discusses which describes best the occurrence of MRSA in different situations...
  55. ncbi request reprint Impact of bacterial and fungal donor organ contamination in lung, heart-lung, heart and liver transplantation
    F Mattner
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Universitat zu Lubeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23560 Lübeck, Germany
    Infection 36:207-12. 2008
    ..4% (CI(95%) 0.0;1.9). Despite high DOC rates, posttransplant infections due to DOC were rare under the condition of adequate preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis and aseptic organ retrievement...
  56. ncbi request reprint Antibiotic usage in German hospitals: results of the second national prevalence study
    Sonja Hansen
    Institute of Hygiene, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203 Berlin, Germany
    J Antimicrob Chemother 68:2934-9. 2013
    ..This study describes findings and targets for quality improvement in German hospitals identified in a national point prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections and AU...
  57. pmc Nosocomial infection in small for gestational age newborns with birth weight <1500 g: a multicentre analysis
    Dorothee B Bartels
    Department of Epidemiology, Public Medicine and Healthcare Systems Research, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str 1, OE 5410, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 92:F449-53. 2007
    ..To investigate whether preterm newborns who are small for gestational age are at increased risk of nosocomial infections and necrotising enterocolitis...
  58. pmc Antibiotics: MRSA prevention measures in German hospitals: results of a survey among hospitals, performed as part of the MRSA-KISS module
    Iris F Chaberny
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Dtsch Arztebl Int 107:631-7. 2010
    ..KISS" in the name of this project stands for "hospital infection surveillance system" (in German, Krankenhaus-Infektions-Surveillance-System)...
  59. ncbi request reprint Isolation of infectious cystic fibrosis patients: results of a systematic review
    Ralf Peter Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:401-9. 2005
    ..Therefore, pathogen transmission needs to be prevented. There are several guidelines for the care of CF patients, but no transparent systematic literature review has been published...
  60. pmc The microbiological quality of air improves when using air conditioning systems in cars
    Ralf Peter Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 10:146. 2010
    ..However, its impact on the number of particles and microorganisms inside the vehicle--and by this its impact on the risk of an allergic reaction--is yet unknown...
  61. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of heat and moisture exchangers in preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Axel Kola
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hanover, Germany
    Intensive Care Med 31:5-11. 2005
    ..The present meta-analysis reviews these RCTs...
  62. ncbi request reprint Consumer attitudes about health care acquired infections: a German survey on factors considered important in the choice of a hospital
    Ralf Peter Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Am J Med Qual 23:56-9. 2008
    ..In contrast, the reputation of the health care facility in the public media was much less important. It seems that kindness and basic hygiene measures, both quite inexpensive factors, are key issues for patients...
  63. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of the impact of the source (patient versus staff) on nosocomial norovirus outbreak severity
    Frauke Mattner
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:268-72. 2005
    ..To study the dependence of infection risk and outbreak size on the type of index case (i.e., patient or staff)...
  64. doi request reprint Prevention of central venous catheter related infections with chlorhexidine gluconate impregnated wound dressings: a randomized controlled trial
    Heiner Ruschulte
    Department of Anaesthesiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Ann Hematol 88:267-72. 2009
    ..018). No adverse effects related to the intervention were observed. The use of chlorhexidine-impregnated wound dressings significantly reduced the incidence of CVC-related infections in patients receiving chemotherapy...
  65. ncbi request reprint Reusable terminal tap water filters for nosocomial legionellosis prevention
    Ralf Peter Vonberg
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany
    Ann Hematol 84:403-5. 2005
    ..To avoid retrograde contamination of filters, education of staff and patients in handling these devices is mandatory...
  66. ncbi request reprint Bacterial contamination of multiple-dose vials: a prevalence study
    Frauke Mattner
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Am J Infect Control 32:12-6. 2004
    ..Therefore, a prevalence study was performed to investigate the use and contamination of multiple-use vials in a tertiary hospital...
  67. pmc Five-years surveillance of invasive aspergillosis in a university hospital
    Karolin Graf
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 11:163. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of invasive aspergillosis (IA) cases in a tertiary care university hospital using a standardized surveillance method...
  68. ncbi request reprint [Control of methicillin-resistant S. aureus by active surveillance. Results of a workshop held by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hygiene und Mikrobiologie]
    A Kola
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625, Hannover
    Anaesthesist 55:778-83. 2006
    ..Recently, PCR methods have been developed which allow the specific identification of MRSA even from nasal swabs...
  69. ncbi request reprint [Multiple abscesses in immunocompetent patients caused by Panton-Valentine leukocidin positive Staphylococcus aureus]
    R P Vonberg
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover
    Hautarzt 59:319-22. 2008
    ..Dermatologists should be informed about this specific type of infection and about the appropriate infection control measures...
  70. ncbi request reprint [Infection control measures in anaesthesia]
    R P Vonberg
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
    Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 40:453-8. 2005
    ..Do not use multi dose vials unless declared by manufacturer. Alcoholic hand disinfection is the most important measure in order to avoid nosocomial pathogen transmission and infection...
  71. doi request reprint A point-prevalence study for MRSA in a German university hospital to identify patients at risk and to evaluate an established admission screening procedure
    Iris F Chaberny
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Infection 36:526-32. 2008
    ..Due to the enormous increase in the number of MRSA-patients, in July 2004, an extended admission screening protocol was implemented in ICUs and surgical wards at Hannover Medical School...
  72. ncbi request reprint Costs of nosocomial Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea
    R P Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 70:15-20. 2008
    ..Nosocomial CDAD is associated with high costs for healthcare systems. Clinicians should be aware of the financial impact of this disease and the application of appropriate infection control measures is recommended to reduce spread...
  73. doi request reprint Infection control measures to limit the spread of Clostridium difficile
    R P Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Clin Microbiol Infect 14:2-20. 2008
    ..Existing local protocols and practices for the control of C. difficile should be carefully reviewed and modified if necessary...
  74. ncbi request reprint [Costs due to urinary tract infections in Germany. An estimation based on the data from the German National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System]
    R P Vonberg
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Deutschland
    Urologe A 47:54-8. 2008
    ..We estimated the avoidable costs due to nosocomial urinary tract infections (UTI) based on the data of the German National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System (KISS)...
  75. ncbi request reprint [Guidelines for the prevention of catheter-related infections]
    I F Chaberny
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
    Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 38:389-92. 2003
    ..The following publication summarizes the state of knowledge about the most important controversial prevention strategies and explains the recommendations...
  76. ncbi request reprint [Guidelines for preventing health-care-associated pneumonia]
    F Mattner
    Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
    Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 40:79-84. 2005
    ....
  77. ncbi request reprint Device-associated infection rates for non-intensive care unit patients
    Ralf Peter Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, D 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:357-61. 2006
    ..In contrast to the huge amount of data available for ICU patients, appropriate surveillance data for non-ICU patients have been missing in Germany...
  78. ncbi request reprint [Legionella prevention in intensive care units]
    I F Chaberny
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
    Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 39:127-31. 2004
    ..The following article explains the recently published recommendations of the American hospital hygiene experts...
  79. ncbi request reprint Hospital-acquired infections related to contaminated substances
    R P Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 65:15-23. 2007
    ..A large proportion of drug-related nosocomial infections could have been prevented, for example, by avoiding the use of multi-dose vials...
  80. ncbi request reprint [Prevention and control of the spread of vancomycin-resistant enterococci: results of a workshop held by the German Society for Hygiene and Microbiology]
    R P Vonberg
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625, Hannover, Deutschland
    Anaesthesist 56:151-7. 2007
    ....
  81. ncbi request reprint Use of terminal tap water filter systems for prevention of nosocomial legionellosis
    R P Vonberg
    Division of Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control, Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Carl Neuberg Str 1, D 30625 Hannover, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 60:159-62. 2005
    ..Samples that were positive for Legionella spp. contained 1-4 cfu/mL. We believe that an impregnated filter system is suitable for the prevention of nosocomial Legionellosis in high-risk patient care areas...
  82. ncbi request reprint [Surveillance of invasive mold infections in lung transplant recipients: effect of antimycotic prophylaxis with itraconazole and voriconazole]
    Frauke Mattner
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, D 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Mycoses 48:51-5. 2005
    ..This is associated with a significantly increased risk for mortality. Voriconazole prophylaxis appears to be superior to itraconazole, especially in high risk pts with pretransplant Aspergillus colonization...
  83. ncbi request reprint Importance of the surveillance method: national prevalence studies on nosocomial infections and the limits of comparison
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene, Free University, Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 19:661-7. 1998
    ..To demonstrate the limits of comparison of national prevalence rates of nosocomial infections...
  84. ncbi request reprint Surveillance of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing bacteria and routine use of contact isolation: experience from a three-year period
    A Kola
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 66:46-51. 2007
    ....
  85. ncbi request reprint [Extended spectrum beta-lactamse (ESBL)-induced antibiotics resistance in gram-negative agents: what should be watched in intensive care medicine?]
    A Kola
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 38:573-6. 2003
    ..Extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) are able to hydrolize these antibiotics. As the number of ESBL-producing bacteria is increasing worldwide, detection of ESBL-producers is important for the both of prevention and therapy...
  86. doi request reprint Worldwide Outbreak Database: the largest collection of nosocomial outbreaks
    R P Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, Hannover, Germany
    Infection 39:29-34. 2011
    ..As this database may be used free of charge, all medical staff in the field of infection control, hygiene, and hospital epidemiology should be aware of its existence...
  87. ncbi request reprint [Infection control measures and surveillance of patients with ventricular assist devices]
    F Mattner
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl Neuberg Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, Deutschland
    Anaesthesist 56:429-36. 2007
    ..A new patient-based surveillance system is proposed which reflects the different times since implantation of VADs and therefore allows a fair method for interhospital comparison...
  88. ncbi request reprint Nosocomial aspergillosis in outbreak settings
    R P Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 63:246-54. 2006
    ..Even small concentrations of spores have been associated with outbreaks, mainly due to A. fumigatus or A. flavus. Patients at risk should not be exposed to aspergilli...
  89. ncbi request reprint [Infection control measures in intensive care units. Results of the German Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System (KISS)]
    R P Vonberg
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule, Hannover
    Anaesthesist 54:975-8, 980-2. 2005
    ..Aim of this study was to determine to what extent evidence-based infection control recommendations are applied in German intensive care units (ICUs)...
  90. ncbi request reprint Should electronic faucets be recommended in hospitals?
    Iris F Chaberny
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Medical School Hannover, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 25:997-1000. 2004
    ..Our data suggest that the use of electronic faucets poses a potential risk for nosocomial infection in high-risk areas of hospitals...
  91. ncbi request reprint Converting incidence and prevalence data of nosocomial infections: results from eight hospitals
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Hygiene, Free University Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 22:31-4. 2001
    ..However, although it is theoretically possible, we would not recommend the conversion of prevalence into incidence data or vice versa...
  92. pmc The impact of staffing on central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections in preterm neonates - results of nation-wide cohort study in Germany
    Rasmus Leistner
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, German National Reference Center for the Surveillance of Healthcare Associated Infections, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, Berlin, Germany, 12203, Germany
    Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2:11. 2013
    ..In addition to the established intrinsic risk factors of VLBW newborns, it is still not clear which process and structure parameters within NICUs influence the prevalence of CVC BSI...
  93. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of oral chlorhexidine in preventing lower respiratory tract infections. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    A Kola
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 66:207-16. 2007
    ..Oral CHX should be included among preventive measures performed to reduce nosocomial LRTI. Whether it has an impact on the development of LRTI in patients requiring mechanical ventilation for a longer period of time remains unresolved...
  94. ncbi request reprint Risk groups for clinical complications of norovirus infections: an outbreak investigation
    F Mattner
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Hannover, Germany
    Clin Microbiol Infect 12:69-74. 2006
    ..Therefore patients at risk should be hospitalised early and monitored frequently. Strict preventional measures should be implemented as early as possible to minimise the risk of nosocomial outbreaks...
  95. ncbi request reprint [Antimicrobically coated venous catheters--a must? pro]
    P Gastmeier
    Institut fur Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Bereich Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Germany
    Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 37:492-3. 2002
  96. ncbi request reprint Prevention of surgical site infections in bone and joint procedures
    Ralf Peter Vonberg
    Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany
    Curr Infect Dis Rep 14:576-84. 2012
    ..Laminar air flow systems do not seem to prevent SSI but may even cause harm, instead. There is a strong association between the annual number of surgical procedures and low SSI rates...
  97. ncbi request reprint [Isolation measurements for cystic fibrosis patients]
    R Vonberg
    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
    Pneumologie 58:309-15. 2004
    ..Respiratory tract infections significantly contribute to morbidity and mortality of cystic fibrosis patients...
  98. ncbi request reprint Modified guidelines impact on antibiotic use and costs: duration of treatment for pneumonia in a neurosurgical ICU is reduced
    Elisabeth Meyer
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Hospital Epidemiology, Freiburg University Hospital, Hugstetter Str 55, Freiburg, Germany
    J Antimicrob Chemother 59:1148-54. 2007
    ..The usage of antibiotics and the resultant costs were examined using interrupted time series analysis while resistance and device-associated infection rates are also described...
  99. ncbi request reprint Surveillance of antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in intensive care units (SARI): 1. Antimicrobial use in German intensive care units
    Elisabeth Meyer
    Institute of Environmental Medicine and Hospital Epidemiology, Freiburg University Hospital, Hugstetter Strasse 55, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
    Intensive Care Med 30:1089-96. 2004
    ....
  100. ncbi request reprint Clinical or epidemiologic diagnosis of nosocomial pneumonia: is there any difference?
    Klaus Dieter Beck
    Medical Department II, Siloah Hospital, Klinikum Hannover, Germany
    Am J Infect Control 31:331-5. 2003
    ..To evaluate the draft Centers for Disease Control and Prevention definitions of nosocomial pneumonia in comparison with current CDC definitions to increase acceptance by intensive care specialists...
  101. ncbi request reprint Compliance with antiseptic hand rub use in intensive care units: the Hawthorne effect
    Tim Eckmanns
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:931-4. 2006
    ..To determine the influence the Hawthorne effect has on compliance with antiseptic hand rub (AHR) use among healthcare personnel...