Semih Buz

Summary

Affiliation: Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin
Country: Germany

Publications

  1. pmc Successful treatment of endoleak Type I with uncovered EX-L stent after thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair
    Semih Buz
    German Heart Institute Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 16:565-7. 2013
  2. pmc Transcatheter aortic valve implantation in Jehovah's Witness patients with symptomatic severe aortic valve stenosis
    Semih Buz
    German Heart Institute Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 15:766-8. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Analysis of arrhythmias after correction of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection
    Semih Buz
    Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 87:580-3. 2009
  4. ncbi request reprint Conventional surgical repair and endovascular treatment of acute traumatic aortic rupture
    Semih Buz
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 33:143-9. 2008
  5. ncbi request reprint Severe chronic pulmonary hypertension caused by pulmonary embolism of hydatid cysts
    Semih Buz
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 84:2108-10. 2007
  6. doi request reprint Portable mechanical circulatory support: human experience with the LIFEBRIDGE system
    Semih Buz
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 91:1591-5. 2011
  7. doi request reprint Transapical aortic valve implantation: learning curve with reduced operating time and radiation exposure
    Giuseppe D'Ancona
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 97:43-7. 2014
  8. doi request reprint New 29-mm balloon-expandable prosthesis for transcatheter aortic valve implantation in large annuli
    Axel Unbehaun
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 95:1982-90. 2013
  9. doi request reprint Transcatheter aortic valve implantation into a stentless prosthetic valve with a low position of the left main coronary artery
    Giuseppe D'Ancona
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Heart Surg Forum 15:E268-71. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Transcatheter aortic valve implantation in very high-risk patients with EuroSCORE of more than 40%
    Thorsten Drews
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 95:85-93. 2013

Detail Information

Publications55

  1. pmc Successful treatment of endoleak Type I with uncovered EX-L stent after thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair
    Semih Buz
    German Heart Institute Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 16:565-7. 2013
    ..With this success, we were able to avoid a conventional surgery to treat the endoleak...
  2. pmc Transcatheter aortic valve implantation in Jehovah's Witness patients with symptomatic severe aortic valve stenosis
    Semih Buz
    German Heart Institute Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 15:766-8. 2012
    ..We report on successful TAVI in two Jehovah's witness patients. It offers a simple and effective treatment of severe aortic valve stenosis in high-risk patients who refuse the use of allogeneic blood and blood products...
  3. doi request reprint Analysis of arrhythmias after correction of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection
    Semih Buz
    Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 87:580-3. 2009
    ..In this retrospective study, we attempted to determine the incidence of arrhythmias after use of two different techniques for repair of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection...
  4. ncbi request reprint Conventional surgical repair and endovascular treatment of acute traumatic aortic rupture
    Semih Buz
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 33:143-9. 2008
    ..We compare the results of conventional surgical repair and endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic rupture...
  5. ncbi request reprint Severe chronic pulmonary hypertension caused by pulmonary embolism of hydatid cysts
    Semih Buz
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 84:2108-10. 2007
    ..We report a rare case in which severe pulmonary hypertension developed after pulmonary embolism of hydatid cysts. Successful treatment in this patient was achieved by complete pulmonary endarterectomy of the hydatid cysts...
  6. doi request reprint Portable mechanical circulatory support: human experience with the LIFEBRIDGE system
    Semih Buz
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 91:1591-5. 2011
    ..This study was designed to demonstrate the safety and functional performance of the LIFEBRIDGE B2T system (Medizintechnik GmbH, Ampfing, Germany), a novel portable life support system, during human applications under controlled conditions...
  7. doi request reprint Transapical aortic valve implantation: learning curve with reduced operating time and radiation exposure
    Giuseppe D'Ancona
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 97:43-7. 2014
    ..The purpose of this study was to test whether, and in which terms, the cumulative institutional experience in the field of transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) might impact upon operative time and radiation exposure...
  8. doi request reprint New 29-mm balloon-expandable prosthesis for transcatheter aortic valve implantation in large annuli
    Axel Unbehaun
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 95:1982-90. 2013
    ..This study sought to define ranges of safe applicability in terms of device landing zone geometry. A second purpose was to determine performance of the prosthesis and clinical outcome...
  9. doi request reprint Transcatheter aortic valve implantation into a stentless prosthetic valve with a low position of the left main coronary artery
    Giuseppe D'Ancona
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Heart Surg Forum 15:E268-71. 2012
    ..It was difficult to decide whether to perform atypical TAVI or to convert to conventional redo aortic valve surgery in an extremely high-risk patient with a degenerated stentless aortic bioprosthesis...
  10. doi request reprint Transcatheter aortic valve implantation in very high-risk patients with EuroSCORE of more than 40%
    Thorsten Drews
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 95:85-93. 2013
    ..We analyzed the results of TAVI patients with a EuroSCORE of over 40%...
  11. doi request reprint Rupture of the device landing zone during transcatheter aortic valve implantation: a life-threatening but treatable complication
    Miralem Pasic
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Circ Cardiovasc Interv 5:424-32. 2012
    ..It is mostly considered difficult to treat or even untreatable...
  12. pmc Combined elective percutaneous coronary intervention and transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation
    Miralem Pasic
    German Heart Center, Berlin, Germany
    Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 14:463-8. 2012
    ..3%, respectively. The results showed that the single-stage approach with combined elective PCI and TAVI is feasible and safe. It has become our primary choice for treatment of high-risk patients with severe aortic valve stenosis and CAD...
  13. doi request reprint Transapical aortic valve implantation after previous heart surgery
    Thorsten Drews
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 39:625-30. 2011
    ....
  14. pmc Transapical transcatheter aortic valve replacement in patients with cardiogenic shock
    Giuseppe D'Ancona
    German Heart Institute Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 14:426-30. 2012
    ..02; P = 0.04). TAVI in patients who are in cardiogenic shock is feasible. Although the early and late outcomes are encouraging, a structured strategy should be developed and further experience is needed...
  15. doi request reprint Transapical aortic valve implantation after previous aortic valve replacement: clinical proof of the "valve-in-valve" concept
    Miralem Pasic
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 142:270-7. 2011
    ..We report the single-center outcome of transapical implantation of aortic valves into degenerated biological aortic valve prostheses ("valve-in-valve") in very high-risk patients...
  16. ncbi request reprint Elective femoro-femoral cardiopulmonary bypass during transcatheter aortic valve implantation: a useful tool
    Thorsten Drews
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 145:757-63. 2013
    ..Nevertheless, this new procedure has some potential risks, especially during the phases of rapid pacing (valvuloplasty and valve deployment). The use of cardiopulmonary bypass allows the perioperative risk to be reduced...
  17. doi request reprint Transapical aortic valve implantation in 175 consecutive patients: excellent outcome in very high-risk patients
    Miralem Pasic
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Am Coll Cardiol 56:813-20. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of transapical aortic valve implantation in a single center with expanded procedural experience and to compare it with predicted risk for conventional aortic valve surgery...
  18. doi request reprint Transapical aortic valve implantation after previous mitral valve surgery
    Thorsten Drews
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 142:84-8. 2011
    ....
  19. doi request reprint Trans-apical aortic valve implantation in patients with severe calcification of the ascending aorta
    Semih Buz
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 40:463-8. 2011
    ..We evaluate the outcome of trans-apical aortic valve implantation in patients with severely calcified ascending aorta in a single center with expanded procedural experience...
  20. doi request reprint Transapical aortic valve implantation in patients with severely depressed left ventricular function
    Axel Unbehaun
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 143:1356-63. 2012
    ..Transapical aortic valve implantation significantly reduces operative risk in elderly patients with aortic valve stenosis and comorbidities. However, it is unknown whether this procedure is feasible in patients with advanced heart failure...
  21. doi request reprint Transapical aortic valve implantation: incidence and predictors of paravalvular leakage and transvalvular regurgitation in a series of 358 patients
    Axel Unbehaun
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, Berlin, Germany
    J Am Coll Cardiol 59:211-21. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the results when the surgical concept of not accepting intraprocedural paravalvular leakage was applied for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI)...
  22. doi request reprint High-dose aprotinin effectively reduces blood loss during on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting with bivalirudin anticoagulation
    Andreas Koster
    Department of Anesthesia, Deutsches Herzzentrum, Berlin, Germany
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 135:685-7. 2008
  23. doi request reprint Effect of modified ultrafiltration on bivalirudin elimination and postoperative blood loss after on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: assessment of different filtration strategies
    Andreas Koster
    Department of Anesthesia, Deutsches Herzzentrum, Berlin, Germany
    J Card Surg 23:655-8. 2008
    ..We assessed the effect of four different strategies of modified ultrafiltration after cardiopulmonary bypass on the bivalirudin elimination and postoperative blood loss...
  24. doi request reprint Introducing transapical aortic valve implantation (part 1): effect of a structured training program on clinical outcome in a series of 500 procedures
    Miralem Pasic
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 145:911-8. 2013
    ....
  25. doi request reprint Analysis of survival in 300 high-risk patients up to 2.5 years after transapical aortic valve implantation
    Axel Unbehaun
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 92:1315-23. 2011
    ..Midterm results after transapical aortic valve implantation are still unknown in a large group of patients. We report our institutional experience in 300 high-risk patients...
  26. doi request reprint TAVI for pure aortic valve insufficiency in a patient with a left ventricular assist device
    Giuseppe D'Ancona
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 93:e89-91. 2012
    ..The reported experience demonstrates that TAVI is feasible even in patients with pure aortic valve regurgitation and can be a reasonable option in patients with aortic regurgitation after LVAD implantation...
  27. doi request reprint Transcatheter aortic valve implantation and simultaneous closure of ostium secundum atrial septal defect
    Miralem Pasic
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Heart Surg Forum 14:E354-6. 2011
    ..As surgeons, we should consider percutaneous treatment of combined structural heart disease in patients at high risk for conventional surgery...
  28. ncbi request reprint Initial experience with abdominal aneurysm repair using the E-vita abdominal stent-graft: a single-center study
    Burkhart Zipfel
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany
    J Endovasc Ther 16:577-89. 2009
    ..To evaluate the feasibility and midterm results of a new stent-graft for infrarenal endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in a non-selected population...
  29. doi request reprint Introducing transapical aortic valve implantation (part 2): institutional structured training program
    Miralem Pasic
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 145:919-25. 2013
    ..We developed our institutional structured training program for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the aim of eliminating these negative effects...
  30. doi request reprint Rescue transcatheter aortic valve implantation and simultaneous percutaneous coronary intervention on cardiopulmonary bypass in a patient with an extreme risk profile
    Miralem Pasic
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Heart Surg Forum 15:E164-6. 2012
    ..9%; Society of Thoracic Surgeons morbidity and mortality score, 96.8%; logistic EuroSCORE, 96.7%). Two and a half years after the procedure, the patient is doing very well...
  31. doi request reprint Trans-catheter aortic valve implantation after previous aortic homograft surgery
    Thorsten Drews
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 40:1534-6. 2011
    ..Particular care should be taken to achieve optimal valve positioning, not to obstruct the ostium of the coronary vessels due to the changed anatomic situation and not to cause annulus rupture...
  32. doi request reprint Monitoring of bivalirudin anticoagulation during and after cardiopulmonary bypass using an ecarin-activated TEG system
    Andreas Koster
    Department of Anesthesia, Deutsches Herzzentrum, Berlin, Germany
    J Card Surg 23:321-3. 2008
  33. doi request reprint Type a dissection after implantation of a stent-graft triggered by an intramural hematoma
    Burkhart Zipfel
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Germany
    J Endovasc Ther 16:243-50. 2009
    ..To describe an unusual case of multiple aneurysm disease in a patient who developed stent-graft-associated type A dissection...
  34. ncbi request reprint Cardiopulmonary bypass for complex cardiac surgery using bivalirudin anticoagulation in a patient with heparin antibodies
    Michael Huebler
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herssentrum Berlin, Germany
    J Card Surg 21:286-8. 2006
    ..Experience in complicated cases requiring extended cardiopulmonary bypass is limited, however. We report the successful use of bivalirudin in a patient who underwent complex cardiac surgery...
  35. ncbi request reprint Transapical aortic valve implantation and 'off-pump' arterial coronary bypass in a patient with a porcelain aorta
    Miralem Pasic
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Heart Valve Dis 20:711-4. 2011
    ..This approach does not require cardiopulmonary bypass, and avoids aortic or peripheral arterial cannulation and clamping of the aorta. This hybrid approach can be regarded as a 'new technique' being applied to an 'old idea'...
  36. ncbi request reprint Occlusion of the left subclavian artery with stent grafts is safer with protective reconstruction
    Burkhart Zipfel
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 88:498-504. 2009
    ..It is controversial whether this occlusion can be done without additional risk of ischemic complications...
  37. doi request reprint Transapical aortic valve implantation in 194 patients: problems, complications, and solutions
    Miralem Pasic
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 90:1463-9; discussion 1469-70. 2010
    ..We report our experience during the learning curve for establishing this new method...
  38. doi request reprint Traumatic transection of the aorta and thoracic spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality in an adult patient
    Burkhart Zipfel
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany
    J Endovasc Ther 17:131-6. 2010
    ..To describe a rare case of spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormalities (SCIWORA) associated with a traumatic aortic transection...
  39. doi request reprint Spinal cord ischemia after thoracic stent-grafting: causes apart from intercostal artery coverage
    Burkhart Zipfel
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 96:31-8. 2013
    ..Examination of a large collective combined with individual case analyses may give new insights into mechanisms and prevention of spinal cord ischemia (SCI) after thoracic endovascular repair...
  40. ncbi request reprint Nitric oxide inhalation modulates endothelin-1 plasma concentration gradients following left ventricular assist device implantation
    Frank Wagner
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Germany
    J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 44:S89-91. 2004
    ..This provides further evidence that intermittent iNO therapy may modulate ET-1 after LVAD implantation...
  41. ncbi request reprint Safety considerations during transapical aortic valve implantation
    Thorsten Drews
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 18:574-9. 2014
    ..The radiation dose to which the patient and each member of the heart team are exposed during this new fluoroscopically guided intervention is unknown...
  42. doi request reprint Endovascular stent-graft repair of late pseudoaneurysms after surgery for aortic coarctation
    Burkhart Zipfel
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 91:85-91. 2011
    ..We analyzed the potential of endovascular stent grafts to treat late aortic pseudoaneurysms after coarctation repair...
  43. ncbi request reprint Stent-grafting of the thoracic aorta by the cardiothoracic surgeon
    Burkhart Zipfel
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 83:441-8; discussion 448-9. 2007
    ..We evaluated endovascular stent-grafting as a new technique in aortic surgery...
  44. doi request reprint Right ventricular failure following heart transplantation--recovery after extended mechanical support
    Can Yerebakan
    Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, German Heart Institute Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Card Surg 23:578-80. 2008
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Improved technique of transapical aortic valve implantation: "the Berlin addition"
    Miralem Pasic
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 89:2058-60. 2010
    ..It enables easy correction of the position of the valve so that perfect alignment can be achieved of the relationships between the prosthetic valve, aortic valve annulus, aortic cusps, and the coronary arteries...
  46. ncbi request reprint Transcatheter aortic valve implantation and hybrid coronary artery revascularization: time to combine them
    Axel Unbehaun
    From the Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Innovations (Phila) 6:395-8. 2011
    ..Postoperative recovery was fast and short. The strategy described is the next logical step in broadening the indication for transcatheter aortic valve interventions...
  47. ncbi request reprint Seventeen-year clinical results of 1,037 Mitroflow pericardial heart valve prostheses in the aortic position
    Charles A Yankah
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Heart Valve Dis 14:172-9; discussion 179-80. 2005
    ..However, a modified valve design during recent years has considerably improved the clinical durability of this bioprosthesis...
  48. ncbi request reprint Humoral and hemodynamic responses after left ventricular assist device implantation and heart transplantation
    Frank D Wagner
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Germany
    Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 231:861-4. 2006
    ..These effects are independent of volume status, iNO, and ETs, suggesting a physiologic response to maintain circulatory homeostasis...
  49. doi request reprint Aorticopulmonary paraganglioma with severe obstruction of the pulmonary artery: successful combined treatment by stenting and surgery
    Naser Qedra
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 87:1284-6. 2009
    ..We believe that this is the first description in the English literature of a successful combined management strategy in view of such an unusual manifestation of aorticopulmonary paraganglioma...
  50. doi request reprint Mechanical circulatory support in patients of advanced age
    Thorsten Drews
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany
    Eur J Heart Fail 12:990-4. 2010
    ..However, it remains to be established whether pulsatile and non-pulsatile systems can ensure a similarly low rate of complications for extended periods of time in elderly patients...
  51. ncbi request reprint Endovascular repair of traumatic thoracic aortic injury: final results from the relay endovascular registry for thoracic disease
    Burkhart Zipfel
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Germany Electronic address
    Ann Thorac Surg 97:774-80. 2014
    ..New reliable and accurate stent grafts have widened the endovascular treatment options. We report our experience with the Relay stent graft Bolton Medical, Sunrise, FL; Barcelona, Spain) for treatment of this injury...
  52. doi request reprint Contained perforation of the left ventricle due to infective endocarditis
    Can Yerebakan
    Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, German Heart Institute Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 85:1458. 2008
  53. ncbi request reprint Assessment of hemostatic activation during cardiopulmonary bypass for coronary artery bypass grafting with bivalirudin: results of a pilot study
    Andreas Koster
    Department of Anesthesia, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 129:1391-4. 2005
    ..This study was conducted to assess the effects of the currently suggested protocol for bivalirudin on hemostatic activation during cardiopulmonary bypass with and without cardiotomy suction...
  54. ncbi request reprint CO(2) embolism during minimally invasive vein harvesting
    Evgenij V Potapov
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 31:944-5. 2007
    ..Causes of this rare but potentially lethal complication are discussed, as well as its prediction, diagnosis, and prevention...
  55. ncbi request reprint Modulation of circulating endothelin-1 and big endothelin by nitric oxide inhalation following left ventricular assist device implantation
    Frank D Wagner
    Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Germany Charité der Humboldt Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Circulation 108:II278-84. 2003
    ....