Reinhard Busse

Summary

Country: Germany

Publications

  1. ncbi [Health systems as an epidemiological topic--or how do we know how effective health systems are?]
    R Busse
    Fachgebiet Management im Gesundheitswesen, Technische Universitat Berlin, Sekr EB2, Strasse des 17 Juni 145, 10623 Berlin
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 49:611-21. 2006
  2. pmc The wider determinants of inequalities in health: a decomposition analysis
    Leonie Sundmacher
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, H80, Strasse des 17, Juni 135, Berlin
    Int J Equity Health 10:30. 2011
  3. pmc Nurse forecasting in Europe (RN4CAST): Rationale, design and methodology
    Walter Sermeus
    Center for Health Services and Nursing Research, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35 4, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    BMC Nurs 10:6. 2011
  4. ncbi [Competition in healthcare--a health systems' perspective]
    Reinhard Busse
    Fachgebiet Management im Gesundheitswesen, Technische Universitat Berlin
    Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 103:608-15; discussion 619-20. 2009
  5. doi [Priority setting in healthcare. What can Germany learn from other countries?]
    R Busse
    Fachgebiet Management im Gesundheitswesen, Technische Universitat Berlin, Sekr H80, Str des 17 Juni 135, 10623 Berlin
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 53:882-9. 2010
  6. ncbi [Health economics. Objectives, methodology, relevance]
    R Busse
    Technische Universitat, Berlin
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 49:3-10. 2006
  7. ncbi Regulation of pharmaceutical markets in Germany: improving efficiency and controlling expenditures?
    Reinhard Busse
    Faculty of Economics and Management, Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Germany
    Int J Health Plann Manage 20:329-49. 2005
  8. pmc Determining the "Health Benefit Basket" of the Statutory Health Insurance scheme in Germany: methodologies and criteria
    Reinhard Busse
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany
    Eur J Health Econ . 2005
  9. doi Measuring, monitoring, and managing quality in Germany's hospitals
    Reinhard Busse
    Department of Health Care Management at the Technische Universitaet, Berlin, Germany
    Health Aff (Millwood) 28:w294-304. 2009
  10. doi Hospital payment based on diagnosis-related groups differs in Europe and holds lessons for the United States
    Wilm Quentin
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Germany
    Health Aff (Millwood) 32:713-23. 2013

Detail Information

Publications65

  1. ncbi [Health systems as an epidemiological topic--or how do we know how effective health systems are?]
    R Busse
    Fachgebiet Management im Gesundheitswesen, Technische Universitat Berlin, Sekr EB2, Strasse des 17 Juni 145, 10623 Berlin
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 49:611-21. 2006
    ..A useful approach is "avoidable mortality" which separates medically amenable causes of death from other ones. The article demonstrates that the "exposition health system" has a clearly beneficial effect on population health...
  2. pmc The wider determinants of inequalities in health: a decomposition analysis
    Leonie Sundmacher
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, H80, Strasse des 17, Juni 135, Berlin
    Int J Equity Health 10:30. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  3. pmc Nurse forecasting in Europe (RN4CAST): Rationale, design and methodology
    Walter Sermeus
    Center for Health Services and Nursing Research, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35 4, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    BMC Nurs 10:6. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  4. ncbi [Competition in healthcare--a health systems' perspective]
    Reinhard Busse
    Fachgebiet Management im Gesundheitswesen, Technische Universitat Berlin
    Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 103:608-15; discussion 619-20. 2009
    ..e., the seriously ill patients), while at the same time competition based on selective contracts does not pay off for the majority of the population due to high transaction costs...
  5. doi [Priority setting in healthcare. What can Germany learn from other countries?]
    R Busse
    Fachgebiet Management im Gesundheitswesen, Technische Universitat Berlin, Sekr H80, Str des 17 Juni 135, 10623 Berlin
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 53:882-9. 2010
    ..Recently, priority setting has been seen as complementary to health technology assessments, guidelines, and quality assurance, all with their own focuses...
  6. ncbi [Health economics. Objectives, methodology, relevance]
    R Busse
    Technische Universitat, Berlin
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 49:3-10. 2006
    ..It discusses the question of generalisability and introduces a checklist to assess quality and results of published studies...
  7. ncbi Regulation of pharmaceutical markets in Germany: improving efficiency and controlling expenditures?
    Reinhard Busse
    Faculty of Economics and Management, Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Germany
    Int J Health Plann Manage 20:329-49. 2005
    ..However, while some measures do effectively control expenditures, their effect on allocative efficiency may be detrimental...
  8. pmc Determining the "Health Benefit Basket" of the Statutory Health Insurance scheme in Germany: methodologies and criteria
    Reinhard Busse
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany
    Eur J Health Econ . 2005
    ..It is argued that the establishment of the new Institute and the development of the DRG system are initial steps towards a more effective and explicit benefit catalogue...
  9. doi Measuring, monitoring, and managing quality in Germany's hospitals
    Reinhard Busse
    Department of Health Care Management at the Technische Universitaet, Berlin, Germany
    Health Aff (Millwood) 28:w294-304. 2009
    ..All three approaches have specific pros and cons concerning validity regarding final outcomes and resistance against manipulation...
  10. doi Hospital payment based on diagnosis-related groups differs in Europe and holds lessons for the United States
    Wilm Quentin
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Germany
    Health Aff (Millwood) 32:713-23. 2013
    ..These European systems, discussed in more detail in the article, suggest potential innovations for reforming DRG-based hospital payment in the United States...
  11. ncbi Analysing the impact of health-care system change in the EU member states--Germany
    Markus Wörz
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Germany
    Health Econ 14:S133-49. 2005
    ....
  12. doi Comparing the cost-effectiveness of two brain metastasis treatment modalities from a payer's perspective: stereotactic radiosurgery versus surgical resection
    Duong Anh Vuong
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 115:276-84. 2013
    ..This study aims to identify the cost-effectiveness of two brain metastatic treatment modalities, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) versus surgical resection (SR), from the perspective of Germany's Statutory Health Insurance (SHI) System...
  13. pmc Appendectomy and diagnosis-related groups (DRGs): patient classification and hospital reimbursement in 11 European countries
    Wilm Quentin
    Department of Health Care Management, Technische Universitat Berlin, Straße des 17, Juni 135, H80, 10623, Berlin, Germany
    Langenbecks Arch Surg 397:317-26. 2012
    ..The study aims to assist surgeons and national authorities to optimize their DRG systems...
  14. doi From evidence assessments to coverage decisions?: the case example of glinides in Germany
    Julia Kreis
    Department of Health Care Management, University of Technology, Berlin, Germany
    Health Policy 104:27-31. 2012
    ....
  15. ncbi Cost accounting to determine prices: how well do prices reflect costs in the German DRG-system?
    Jonas Schreyögg
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Strasse des 17 Juni 145, 10623 Berlin, Germany
    Health Care Manag Sci 9:269-79. 2006
    ..Although cost data accuracy has improved over the last few years there are still a number of challenges that need to be addressed...
  16. ncbi Pricing behaviour of pharmacies after market deregulation for OTC drugs: the case of Germany
    Tom Stargardt
    Department of Health Care Management, Faculty of Economics and Management, Berlin University of Technology, Strasse des 17 Juni 145 EB2, 10623 Berlin, Germany
    Health Policy 84:30-8. 2007
    ..To examine the price reactions of German pharmacies to changes made to OTC drug regulations in 2004. Prior to these changes, regulations guaranteed identical prices in all German pharmacies...
  17. doi Cross-country comparisons of costs: the use of episode-specific transitive purchasing power parities with standardised cost categories
    Jonas Schreyögg
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany
    Health Econ 17:S95-103. 2008
    ..The results demonstrate that ESPPPs are preferable to other common conversion approaches when international healthcare cost comparisons are performed...
  18. ncbi Effectiveness and cost of atypical versus typical antipsychotic treatment for schizophrenia in routine care
    Tom Stargardt
    Berlin University of Technology, Department of Health Care Management, Strasse des 17 Juni 135 EB2, 10623 Berlin, Germany
    J Ment Health Policy Econ 11:89-97. 2008
    ..S. Veterans Administration the superiority of the newer atypical drugs over typical antipsychotic drugs, concerning both their efficacy and their side-effect profile, has been questioned...
  19. ncbi Breast cancer surgery and diagnosis-related groups (DRGs): patient classification and hospital reimbursement in 11 European countries
    David Scheller-Kreinsen
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Straße des 17, Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany Electronic address
    Breast 22:723-32. 2013
    ....
  20. pmc Acute myocardial infarction and diagnosis-related groups: patient classification and hospital reimbursement in 11 European countries
    Wilm Quentin
    Department of Health Care Management, Technische Universität TU Berlin, Straße des 17 Juni 135, H80, 10623 Berlin, Germany
    Eur Heart J 34:1972-81. 2013
    ..The study aims to assist cardiologists and national authorities to optimize their DRG systems...
  21. doi Structural changes in the German pharmaceutical market: price setting mechanisms based on the early benefit evaluation
    Cornelia Henschke
    Department of Health Care Management, Technische Universitat Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Health Policy 109:263-9. 2013
    ....
  22. doi The cost-effectiveness of stereotactic radiosurgery versus surgical resection in the treatment of brain metastasis in Vietnam from the perspective of patients and families
    Duong Anh Vuong
    Department of Medical Service Administration, Ministry of Health of Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam
    World Neurosurg 77:321-8. 2012
    ....
  23. ncbi Methods to determine reimbursement rates for diagnosis related groups (DRG): a comparison of nine European countries
    Jonas Schreyögg
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, 10623 Berlin, Germany
    Health Care Manag Sci 9:215-23. 2006
    ..use of trimming methods and plausibility checks and 3.) definition of prices. It concludes with a discussion on the typical development path of DRG systems and the role of additional reimbursement components in this context...
  24. doi Mapping research on health systems in Europe: a bibliometric assessment
    Marcial Velasco Garrido
    Department of Health Care Management, Technische Universitat, Berlin, Germany
    J Health Serv Res Policy 16:27-37. 2011
    ..Our aim was to assess the field of health systems research in Europe, primarily based on an analysis of the published literature...
  25. doi Cost effectiveness of drug-eluting stents in acute myocardial infarction patients in Germany: results from administrative data using a propensity score-matching approach
    Michael Bäumler
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany
    Appl Health Econ Health Policy 10:235-48. 2012
    ..So far, results from economic evaluations that compared drug-eluting stents (DES) and bare-metal stents (BMS) have not shown clear evidence that one intervention is more cost effective than the other...
  26. doi Healthcare financing in Syria: satisfaction with the current system and the role of national health insurance--a qualitative study of householders' views
    Mania Mershed
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Straße des 17 Juni 135, Berlin, Germany
    Int J Health Plann Manage 27:167-79. 2012
    ..Installing a quasi non-governmental organisation as manager of the insurance system under the stewardship of the Ministry of Health could provide a compromise acceptable to the people...
  27. doi Comparison of hospital costs and length of stay associated with open-mesh, totally extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair, and transabdominal preperitoneal inguinal hernia repair: an analysis of observational data using propensity score matching
    Friedrich Wittenbecher
    Fachgebiet Management im Gesundheitswesen, Technische Universitat Berlin, Sekretariat H80, Strasse des 17 Juni 135, 10623, Berlin, Germany
    Surg Endosc 27:1326-33. 2013
    ..The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) and totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair of nonincarcerated inguinal hernias in men on hospital costs and length of stay (LoS)...
  28. pmc The effects of gatekeeping: a systematic review of the literature
    Marcial Velasco Garrido
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany
    Scand J Prim Health Care 29:28-38. 2011
    ..To assess the effects of physician-centred gatekeeping on health, health care utilization, and costs by conducting a systematic review of the literature...
  29. doi Extracranial metastatic patterns on occurrence of brain metastases
    Duong Anh Vuong
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany
    J Neurooncol 105:83-90. 2011
    ..For the unknown primary tumor type, screening for these most common metastatic sites must be intensified, in particular when molecular assessment is not available...
  30. ncbi [Attempt to exclude invasive cardiology services in Poland--rationing, national sovereignty and European Union law]
    Christian A Gericke
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology Berlin, Germany
    Przegl Epidemiol 60:323-9. 2006
    ....
  31. ncbi Disease management programs in Germany's statutory health insurance system
    Reinhard Busse
    Department Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology
    Health Aff (Millwood) 23:56-67. 2004
    ..The degree of sickness fund activities and the fierce dispute with physicians are valid indicators that the incentives work...
  32. pmc Defining the "Health Benefit Basket" in nine European countries. Evidence from the European Union Health BASKET Project
    J Schreyögg
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany
    Eur J Health Econ . 2005
    ..There may be scope for a European core basket...
  33. ncbi [Pharmaceutical reference pricing in Germany: definition of therapeutic groups, price setting through regression procedure and effects]
    T Stargardt
    Technische Universitat Berlin, Fachgebiet Management im Gesundheitswesen
    Gesundheitswesen 67:468-77. 2005
    ..Nevertheless, compared to other instruments of price-regulation, reference pricing seems to be a good alternative to control pharmaceutical prices, since rationing is kept as little as possible...
  34. ncbi [A validated questionnaire for measuring patient satisfaction in general and specialist ambulatory medical care: the Qualiskope-A]
    C A Gericke
    Fachgebiet Management im Gesundheitswesen, Technische Universitat Berlin
    Gesundheitswesen 66:723-31. 2004
    ..To develop a reliable and valid questionnaire to measure patient satisfaction in ambulatory care, enabling a detailed analysis of the determinants of patient satisfaction that is applicable in GP and specialist outpatient care...
  35. ncbi [When is expensive pharmacotherapy good value for the money?]
    A Riesberg
    Fachgebiet Management im Gesundheitswesen, Technische Universitat Berlin
    Internist (Berl) 45:1189-95. 2004
    ..In this article, an overview of commonly used methods, sources and functions of health economic evaluation is presented and illustrated using clinical examples to facilitate interpretation of the health economic information...
  36. pmc Ethical issues in funding orphan drug research and development
    C A Gericke
    Department of Health Care Management, Technische Universitat Berlin, Strasse des 17 Juni 145, D 10623 Berlin
    J Med Ethics 31:164-8. 2005
    ..The limitations of standard economic evaluation tools and other priority setting tools used to inform health policy decision makers on research funding decisions are outlined...
  37. doi [Do primary care physicians acting as gatekeepers really improve health outcomes and decrease costs? A systematic review of the concept gatekeeping]
    A Zentner
    Fachgebiet Management im Gesundheitswesen, Technische Universitat Berlin
    Gesundheitswesen 72:e38-44. 2010
    ..The aim of this systematic review was to analyse the effects of gatekeeping where primary care physicians (PCP) control access to specialist care...
  38. doi Patient-level hospital costs and length of stay after conventional versus minimally invasive total hip replacement: a propensity-matched analysis
    Julia Röttger
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Germany, Berlin, Germany
    Value Health 15:999-1004. 2012
    ..This study analyzed the effect of minimally invasive surgery on hospital costs and length of stay in German hospitals compared with conventional treatment in THR...
  39. ncbi Effectiveness and cost of atypical versus typical antipsychotic treatment in a nationwide cohort of patients with schizophrenia in Germany
    Tom Stargardt
    Hamburg Center for Health Economics, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 32:602-7. 2012
    ..0001). This study does not support unconditional superiority of atypicals over typicals, neither in terms of effectiveness nor in terms of cost...
  40. doi The impact of physician supply on avoidable cancer deaths in Germany. A spatial analysis
    Leonie Sundmacher
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Strasse des 17 Juni 135, Berlin, Germany
    Health Policy 103:53-62. 2011
    ....
  41. doi DRG-based hospital payment systems and technological innovation in 12 European countries
    David Scheller-Kreinsen
    Department for Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany
    Value Health 14:1166-72. 2011
    ..To assess how diagnosis-related group-based (DRG-based) hospital payment systems in 12 European countries participating in the EuroDRG project pay and incorporate technological innovation...
  42. ncbi Assessing the responsiveness of chronic disease care - Is the World Health Organization's concept of health system responsiveness applicable?
    Julia Röttger
    Berlin Centre for Health Economics Research and Department of Health Care Management, Technische Universitat Berlin, Strasse des 17, Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany Electronic address
    Soc Sci Med 113:87-94. 2014
    ..However, some amendments, in particular an extension of the concept to include the two domains trust and coordination, are necessary for a thorough assessment of the responsiveness of chronic disease care. ..
  43. doi Mobility of health professionals pre and post 2004 and 2007 EU enlargements: evidence from the EU project PROMeTHEUS
    Diana Ognyanova
    Berlin University of Technology, Germany
    Health Policy 108:122-32. 2012
    ..The aim of this article is to shed light on the changes in the scale of movement, trends and directions of flows pre and post 2004 and 2007 EU enlargements...
  44. doi Mental health in Vietnam: Burden of disease and availability of services
    Duong Anh Vuong
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany Department of Medical Service Administration, Ministry of Health of Vietnam, Vietnam
    Asian J Psychiatr 4:65-70. 2011
    ..Among this group are persons with mental disorders. This paper aims to understand the burden of mental disorders and availability of mental health services (MHS) in Vietnam...
  45. doi Developing Health Technology Assessment to address health care system needs
    Marcial Velasco Garrido
    Department of Healthcare Management, Technische Universitat Berlin, Secr H 80, Strasse des 17 Juni 135, Berlin, Germany
    Health Policy 94:196-202. 2010
    ....
  46. ncbi Hospitalisation costs of cystic fibrosis
    Jonas Schreyögg
    Department of Health Care Management, WHO Collaborating Centre for Health Systems Research and Management, Berlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany
    Pharmacoeconomics 24:999-1009. 2006
    ....
  47. doi The introduction of DRG funding and hospital nurses' changing perceptions of their practice environment, quality of care and satisfaction: comparison of cross-sectional surveys over a 10-year period
    Britta Zander
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Germany
    Int J Nurs Stud 50:219-29. 2013
    ..Less discussed were potential implications for nurses, who might feel the efficiency-increasing effects of DRGs on their daily work, which in turn may lead to an actual worsening of care quality...
  48. doi Nurse migration in Europe--can expectations really be met? Combining qualitative and quantitative data from Germany and eight of its destination and source countries
    Britta Zander
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Germany
    Int J Nurs Stud 50:210-8. 2013
    ....
  49. pmc Prescription prevalence and continuing medication use for secondary prevention after myocardial infarction: the reality of care revealed by claims data analysis
    Sandra Mangiapane
    Zentralinstitut für die Kassenärztliche Versorgung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Herbert Lewin Platz 3, 10623 Berlin, Germany
    Dtsch Arztebl Int 108:856-62. 2011
    ....
  50. pmc Interferons and natalizumab for multiple sclerosis
    Christine Clar
    Technische Universitat Berlin, Berlin, Deutschland
    GMS Health Technol Assess 4:Doc09. 2008
    ..Further research is needed to provide specific cost-effectiveness estimates for Germany...
  51. ncbi Temporal trends of cancer incidence in Vietnam, 1993-2007
    Duong Anh Vuong
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 11:739-45. 2010
    ..This paper aims at describing the development of cancer incidence for some cancer sites during 1993-2007...
  52. pmc Ventricular assist devices for heart failure
    Lucia Angermayr
    Technische Universitat Berlin, Berlin, Deutschland
    GMS Health Technol Assess 3:Doc10. 2007
    ..RESEARCH QUESTIONS : This report aims to present the actual evidence on clinical effectiveness, psychological and social aspects and economical aspects of left ventricular assist devices...
  53. ncbi Policies for disease prevention in Germany in the European context: a comparative analysis
    Christian A Gericke
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, EB2, 10623 Berlin, Germany
    J Public Health (Oxf) 26:230-8. 2004
    ..However, successful policies should have a measurable effect on disease epidemiology. There has been little research comparing the effect of national preventive policies on disease-specific mortality...
  54. doi Coronary stents and the uptake of new medical devices in the German system of inpatient reimbursement
    Cornelia Henschke
    Department of Health Care Management, Berlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany
    J Interv Cardiol 23:546-53. 2010
    ....
  55. doi Drug prescription patterns in schizophrenia outpatients: analysis of data from a German health insurance fund
    S Weinbrenner
    Department of Health Care Management, WHO Collaborating Centre for Health Systems Research and Management, Berlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany
    Pharmacopsychiatry 42:66-71. 2009
    ..Using a retrospective cohort design, this study analysed data collected from patients with a hospital diagnosis of schizophrenia in 2003 (index hospitalisation) in order to evaluate prescription patterns of antipsychotic drugs...
  56. ncbi Performance of reimbursement schemes in valuation of technologies: the example of magnetic resonance imaging
    R Blankart
    Department of Health Care Management, Institute for Technology and Management, Faculty of Economics and Management, Berlin University of Technology, Secr EB2, Strasse des 17 Juni 145, 10623 Berlin, Germany
    Technol Health Care 16:171-82. 2008
    ..There are politically driven reimbursement schemes like the German Gebührenordnung für 'A'rzte, while others such as the Swiss TARMED are primarily based on actual costs...
  57. ncbi Outcome-related health targets--political strategies for better health outcomes: a conceptual and comparative study (part 2)
    Matthias Wismar
    Department of Epidemiology, Social Medicine and Health System Research, Medical School Hannover, 30623, Hannover, Germany
    Health Policy 59:223-41. 2002
    ..Many target programmes are, therefore, bound to fail and finding a balance between the right balance between technocratic and participative as well as between top and bottom remains a challenge for setting successful health targets...
  58. ncbi Low demand for substitutive voluntary health insurance in Germany
    Sarah Thomson
    European Observatory on Health Care Systems, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, UK
    Croat Med J 43:425-32. 2002
    ..To examine why the demand for substitutive voluntary health insurance in Germany is low...
  59. ncbi Cystic fibrosis: cost of illness and considerations for the economic evaluation of potential therapies
    Christian Krauth
    Department of Epidemiology, Social Medicine and Health System Research, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Pharmacoeconomics 21:1001-24. 2003
    ..Finally, international comparison studies should identify the influence of different healthcare systems on the costs and outcomes of interventions...
  60. ncbi [The impact of co-payments on patient behavior: evidence from a natural experiment]
    Markus M Grabka
    Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung DIW, Längsschnittstudie Sozio oekonomisches Panel, Berlin
    Med Klin (Munich) 101:476-83. 2006
    ..The results are also approved by other studies. Therefore, it seems plausible, that the introduction of this co-payment has contributed to a reduction of unnecessary and redundant physician visits...
  61. doi Variability in healthcare treatment costs amongst nine EU countries - results from the HealthBASKET project
    Reinhard Busse
    Health Econ 17:S1-8. 2008
  62. ncbi Health care reform in Germany: patchwork change within established governance structures
    Christa Altenstetter
    Graduate Center, City University of New York, USA
    J Health Polit Policy Law 30:121-42. 2005
    ..In sum, reform measures tend to remain well within the priorities established within state and corporatist governance structures...
  63. ncbi Hospital case payment systems in Europe
    Reinhard Busse
    Health Care Manag Sci 9:211-3. 2006
    ..The editorial sets the policy scene, and argues that DRG systems must be seen both as a technical reimbursement method and as a fundamental incentive mechanism within the health system...
  64. ncbi Health target programmes and health care services--any link?: a conceptual and comparative study (part 1)
    Reinhard Busse
    European Observatory on Health Care Systems, c o Escuela Nacional de Sanidad, Sinesio Delgado 8, 28029, Madrid, Spain
    Health Policy 59:209-21. 2002
    ..Therefore, there is a need to develop an integrated approach, combining health targets for all possible intervention areas including health services, to fully utilise the potential of health target programmes...
  65. pmc The road to reform
    Josep Figueras
    BMJ 331:170-1. 2005