Bernd Brinkmann

Summary

Country: Germany

Publications

  1. pmc Mutation rate in human microsatellites: influence of the structure and length of the tandem repeat
    B Brinkmann
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Westfalische Wilhelms Universitat, Munster, Germany
    Am J Hum Genet 62:1408-15. 1998
  2. ncbi request reprint Pentanucleotide short tandem repeat locus DXYS156 displays different patterns of variations in human populations
    C Kersting
    Institut fuer Rechtsmedizin, Universitaet Muenster, Von Esmarch Str 62, D 48149 Munster, Germany
    Croat Med J 42:310-4. 2001
  3. ncbi request reprint Accidental sharp force fatalities--beware of architectural glass, not knives
    B Karger
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, von Esmarch Strasse 62, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 123:135-9. 2001
  4. ncbi request reprint Incidence of alcohol dependence among drunken drivers
    Bernd Brinkmann
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Universitatsklinikum Munster, von Esmarch Strasse 62, D 48149, Munster, Germany
    Drug Alcohol Depend 66:7-10. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint [Recent data for frequency of autopsy in Germany]
    B Brinkmann
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Universitatsklinikum Munster, Germany
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 127:791-5. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Entomology
    B Brinkmann
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Universitatsklinikum Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 118:187. 2004
  7. doi request reprint Petechial bleedings in sudden infant death
    Tony Fracasso
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital, Roentgenstr 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 125:205-10. 2011
  8. doi request reprint Meiosis study in a population sample from Nigeria: allele frequencies and mutation rates of 16 STR loci
    Carsten Hohoff
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Munster University, Muenster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 123:259-61. 2009
  9. doi request reprint Haplotype-assisted characterization of germline mutations at short tandem repeat loci
    Miriam Müller
    Forensische Genetik, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 124:177-82. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Cytokines and sudden infant death
    Mechtild M T Vennemann
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Munster, Röntgenstr 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 126:279-84. 2012

Detail Information

Publications94

  1. pmc Mutation rate in human microsatellites: influence of the structure and length of the tandem repeat
    B Brinkmann
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Westfalische Wilhelms Universitat, Munster, Germany
    Am J Hum Genet 62:1408-15. 1998
    ..Our data demonstrate that mutation rates of different loci can differ by several orders of magnitude and that different alleles at one locus exhibit different mutation rates...
  2. ncbi request reprint Pentanucleotide short tandem repeat locus DXYS156 displays different patterns of variations in human populations
    C Kersting
    Institut fuer Rechtsmedizin, Universitaet Muenster, Von Esmarch Str 62, D 48149 Munster, Germany
    Croat Med J 42:310-4. 2001
    ..To establish a database for the pentameric short tandem repeat locus DXYS156 from worldwide populations for routine genotyping in forensic identity testing and evolutionary biology...
  3. ncbi request reprint Accidental sharp force fatalities--beware of architectural glass, not knives
    B Karger
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, von Esmarch Strasse 62, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 123:135-9. 2001
    ..Accidents where the victim is killed by his own knife therefore appear to be extremely rare...
  4. ncbi request reprint Incidence of alcohol dependence among drunken drivers
    Bernd Brinkmann
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Universitatsklinikum Munster, von Esmarch Strasse 62, D 48149, Munster, Germany
    Drug Alcohol Depend 66:7-10. 2002
    ..The diagnostic value of alcohol concentrations for the recognition of 'alcoholics', considering the legal limit in Germany (1.1per thousand) as well as statistically calculated limits, were compared to the Alc-Index...
  5. ncbi request reprint [Recent data for frequency of autopsy in Germany]
    B Brinkmann
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Universitatsklinikum Munster, Germany
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 127:791-5. 2002
    ..Medicolegal autopsies are essential for the discovery of non-natural or violent deaths. This study provides information on changes in clinico-pathological and medicolegal autopsy rates between 1994 and 1999...
  6. ncbi request reprint Entomology
    B Brinkmann
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Universitatsklinikum Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 118:187. 2004
  7. doi request reprint Petechial bleedings in sudden infant death
    Tony Fracasso
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital, Roentgenstr 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 125:205-10. 2011
    ..Because of the possible natural origin of these bleedings, the medicolegal investigation has to be as complete as possible and has to include histology as mandatory...
  8. doi request reprint Meiosis study in a population sample from Nigeria: allele frequencies and mutation rates of 16 STR loci
    Carsten Hohoff
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Munster University, Muenster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 123:259-61. 2009
    ..Single mutations were observed in the STR systems D2S1338, D3S1358, D7S820, D8S1179, D16S539 and FGA, whereas two mutations were observed in the systems D21S11 and VWA...
  9. doi request reprint Haplotype-assisted characterization of germline mutations at short tandem repeat loci
    Miriam Müller
    Forensische Genetik, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 124:177-82. 2010
    ..The ratio of paternal to maternal mutations was 76:8. The ratio of gains to losses was 47:50. Also, the mutation rates in two systems, ACTBP2 and VWA, were clearly higher than those given in the literature...
  10. doi request reprint Cytokines and sudden infant death
    Mechtild M T Vennemann
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Munster, Röntgenstr 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 126:279-84. 2012
    ..It has been hypothesised that inflammatory reactions could play an important role in the pathway(s) leading to sudden and unexpected death in infancy. On a molecular level, these reactions are regulated by various cytokines...
  11. ncbi request reprint Meiosis study in a population sample from Afghanistan: allele frequencies and mutation rates of 16 STR loci
    Carsten Hohoff
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Universitatsklinikum Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 120:300-2. 2006
    ..Approximately 12,000 meiotic transfers were investigated and 19 mutations were observed in the repeat units of FGA (n=6), ACTBP2 (n=5), D3S1358 (n=2), D5S818 (n=2), D7S820 (n=2), VWA (n=1) and D8S1179 (n=1)...
  12. pmc Do risk factors differ between explained sudden unexpected death in infancy and sudden infant death syndrome?
    M Vennemann
    Institute for Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Munster, Germany
    Arch Dis Child 92:133-6. 2007
    ..However, 394 babies die every year suddenly and unexpectedly. The cause may be immediately clear, but is often not obvious...
  13. ncbi request reprint Real-time quantitative PCR assay for the detection of Helicobacter pylori: no association with sudden infant death syndrome
    Brigitte Loddenkötter
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Munster University Hospital, Röntgenstr 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 119:202-6. 2005
    ..pylori-specific antibody. Thus, an infection by H. pylori is very rare in cases of SIDS, and thus the postulated association of H. pylori infection and SIDS cannot be confirmed...
  14. doi request reprint Sleep environment risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome: the German Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Study
    Mechtild M Vennemann
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, D 48149 Munster, Germany
    Pediatrics 123:1162-70. 2009
    ..Our goal was to investigate the risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome in the infants' sleep environment for a population in which few infants sleep prone as a result of education campaigns...
  15. doi request reprint Ultrasound-accelerated formalin fixation improves the preservation of nucleic acids extraction in histological sections
    Tony Fracasso
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 123:521-5. 2009
    ..Keeping in mind the increasing need for molecular diagnosis, this fixation technique can be useful to ensure stable quality of nucleic acids in archived autopsy specimens...
  16. doi request reprint Evaluating length heteroplasmy in the human mitochondrial DNA control region
    Lucy Forster
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 124:133-42. 2010
    ..We find that the C-tract mutation rate is up to 6% per generation, and we observe an excess of cytosine gains over losses. Case studies and guidelines for evaluating mtDNA heteroplasmy are provided...
  17. ncbi request reprint Characterisation of variant alleles in the STR systems D2S1338, D3S1358 and D19S433
    Marielle Heinrich
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Universitatsklinikum Munster, Röntgenstr 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 119:310-3. 2005
    ..2 (D19S433, six cases). These sequences are described in comparison to non-variant alleles, and their implications for the semi-automated STR analysis will be discussed...
  18. doi request reprint Developing equine mtDNA profiling for forensic application
    Susan M R Gurney
    Institute of Forensic Genetics, 48161, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 124:617-22. 2010
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death in infancy: implication for the medicolegal investigation
    Horst Wedekind
    Department of Cardiology and Angiology, University of Munster, Albert Schweitzer Strasse 33, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 121:245-57. 2007
    ..It will have implications not only for the deceased individual but also for living family members in preventing (further) cardiac events by expert counseling, appropriate lifestyle adjustment, and adequate treatment, if available...
  20. ncbi request reprint Y-chromosomal microsatellite mutation rates in a population sample from northwestern Germany
    Carsten Hohoff
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Universitatsklinikum Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 121:359-63. 2007
    ..All other men with identical surnames carried different haplotypes...
  21. doi request reprint The German Stain Commission: recommendations for the interpretation of mixed stains
    P M Schneider
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Köln, Melatengürtel 60 62, 50823, Cologne, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 123:1-5. 2009
    ..The German Stain Commission, a joint commission of Institutes of Forensic Science and Legal Medicine, has therefore developed guidelines aiming to harmonize the evaluation of mixed stains in German criminal cases...
  22. ncbi request reprint Allelic drop-out in the STR system ACTBP2 (SE33) as a result of mutations in the primer binding region
    Marielle Heinrich
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Universitatsklinikum Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 118:361-3. 2004
    ..To overcome the problem we have added a modified reverse primer to different multiplex kits that led to the correct genotype...
  23. ncbi request reprint Analysis of 15 short tandem repeats reveals significant differences between the Arabian populations from Morocco and Syria
    Louai Abdin
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Universitatsklinikum Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, D 48149 Munster, Germany
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 5:S150-5. 2003
    ..In the Moroccan and Syrian populations the matching probability is 1 in 1.4 x 10(17) and 1 in 2.6 x 10(17), respectively. Thus, the combination of these 15 STR loci is powerful tool for forensic identification in Arabian populations...
  24. ncbi request reprint Sudden infant death syndrome and long QT syndrome: an epidemiological and genetic study
    Horst Wedekind
    Department of Cardiology and Angiology, University of Munster, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 120:129-37. 2006
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Determination of aconitine in body fluids by LC-MS-MS
    J Beike
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 118:289-93. 2004
    ..0 and 12.1 ng/g. In one case, aconitine could also be detected in the stomach content (3 ng/g) and in the other in the urine (180 ng/ml)...
  26. ncbi request reprint Backstabbing--a report of an unusual case
    H Pfeiffer
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Röngenstrasse 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 119:47-9. 2005
    ..Further results of the police investigations and the forensic pathology inspection revealed an extremely unusual accident constellation...
  27. ncbi request reprint LC-MS determination of Taxus alkaloids in biological specimens
    J Beike
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 117:335-9. 2003
    ..The semi-quantitative evaluation of the heart blood revealed a taxine concentration of 11 micro g taxine/g. As far as we know this is the first case in which a semi-quantitative analysis of taxine alkaloids has been performed...
  28. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of the Reid index in infants and cases of SIDS
    B Karger
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Röntgenstrasse 32, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 118:221-3. 2004
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Analysis of 155 consecutive forensic exhumations with emphasis on undetected homicides
    B Karger
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Roentgenstrasse 23, 48149, Muenster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 118:90-4. 2004
    ..Exhumations can also be regarded as an instrument to evaluate the quality of death certificates and death investigations...
  30. ncbi request reprint The GEDNAP blind trial concept part II. Trends and developments
    S Rand
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Universitatsklinikum Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149 Muenster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 118:83-9. 2004
    ..The results of the trials also identify the most common types of error encountered which can also occur during routine DNA typing and ways of recognising such errors are suggested...
  31. ncbi request reprint Unnatural causes of sudden unexpected deaths initially thought to be sudden infant death syndrome
    T Bajanowski
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg Essen, Hufelandstr 55, 45122, Essen, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 119:213-6. 2005
    ..g. SIDS) and cases of unnatural death...
  32. ncbi request reprint Immunoreactivity enhancement with chelators for increasing the detection sensitivity of human PrPSc by Western blotting
    T Kuczius
    Institute for Hygiene, University Hospital Muenster, Robert Koch Str 41, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Neurochem Int 50:102-8. 2007
    ..It is to be expected that application of chelators to digested protein samples will increase the sensitivity of PrP(Sc) detection using the Western blot technique...
  33. doi request reprint An X-STR meiosis study in Kurds and Germans: allele frequencies and mutation rates
    T Fracasso
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Munster University, Röntgenstr 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 122:353-6. 2008
    ..With the power of discrimination in females [PD(F)] ranging from 0.81 (DXS8378 in Kurds) to 0.99 (DXS8377 in Germans), the investigated X-STRs systems turned out to be highly informative in the two populations...
  34. ncbi request reprint Sudden infant death syndrome: no increased risk after immunisation
    M M T Vennemann
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, and Children s Hospital, University of Magdeburg, Germany
    Vaccine 25:336-40. 2007
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Sudden death after isobutane sniffing: a report of two forensic cases
    H Pfeiffer
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 120:168-73. 2006
    ..Autopsy findings, results of the histological and immunohistochemical investigations, toxicological findings and analytical procedures are discussed...
  36. ncbi request reprint An unusual case of homicidal near drowning followed by electrocution
    H Pfeiffer
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Röntgenstr 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 120:36-41. 2006
    ..The results of all investigations revealed a two-step procedure with a primary near-drowning and a final current application with consecutive cardiac arrest...
  37. ncbi request reprint The San Diego definition of SIDS: practical application and comparison with the GeSID classification
    T Bajanowski
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg Essen, Hufelandstr 55, 45122 Essen, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 120:331-6. 2006
    ..This demonstrates that such cases cannot be classified as SIDS. In conclusion, we recommend the universal acceptance and use of the San Diego SIDS definition...
  38. ncbi request reprint Sudden death in childhood due to varicella pneumonia: a forensic case report with clinical implications
    H Pfeiffer
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Röngenstrasse 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 120:33-5. 2006
    ..To prevent complications and lethal outcome of varicella as reported here, the recommendations concerning vaccination against varicella must be taken into account in paediatric practice...
  39. pmc Infection, health problems, and health care utilisation, and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome
    M M T Vennemann
    Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Munster, Germany
    Arch Dis Child 90:520-2. 2005
    ..To examine whether symptoms suggestive of infection, health problems, and health care utilisation are risk factors for SIDS...
  40. ncbi request reprint Fatal cerebro-renal oxalosis after appendectomy
    H Pfeiffer
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149 Muenster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 118:98-100. 2004
    ..Since the genetic background of xylitol intolerance is still unclear, it is suggested that it should be banned as a sugar surrogate in clinical practice...
  41. ncbi request reprint Deformation characteristics of the human mandible in low impact experiments
    A DuChesne
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Westfalische Wilhelms Universitat, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 117:257-62. 2003
    ..A fixed occlusion caused an increase of compression at the site of impact and an increasing stretching in the frontal part of the bone and at the opposite collum...
  42. ncbi request reprint Electrocution--autopsy study with emphasis on "electrical petechiae"
    B Karger
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Röntgenstrasse, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 126:210-3. 2002
    ..Unlike electrical burns, petechiae also indicate the vital origin of the events. The relevance of this typical morphological sign in the examination of possible electrocution fatalities is therefore emphasised...
  43. ncbi request reprint Autopsy features relevant for discrimination between suicidal and homicidal gunshot injuries
    B Karger
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 116:273-8. 2002
    ..The isolated autopsy findings can only be indicative of suicide or homicide but the combined analysis of several findings can be associated with a high probability...
  44. ncbi request reprint De novo mutation in the SCN5A gene associated with early onset of sudden infant death
    H Wedekind
    Department of Cardiology, University of Munster, Germany
    Circulation 104:1158-64. 2001
    ..Available data suggest that early onset of congenital LQTS may contribute to premature sudden cardiac death in otherwise healthy infants...
  45. ncbi request reprint Dioxin in infants--an environmental hazard?
    T Bajanowski
    University of Munster, Institute of Legal Medicine, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 116:27-32. 2002
    ..Because of the well-known beneficial effects of breast feeding and considering the results of the present study, this type of infant nutrition can be recommended without any restrictions...
  46. ncbi request reprint LC-MS determination of oxydemeton-methyl and its main metabolite demeton-S-methylsulfon in biological specimens--application to a forensic case
    J Beike
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Munster, Germany
    J Anal Toxicol 26:308-12. 2002
    ..Although the body was already putrefied when the autopsy was performed, the chromatograms of blood and tissue samples were free of interfering peaks...
  47. ncbi request reprint Paternity testing using Y-STR haplotypes: assigning a probability for paternity in cases of mutations
    B Rolf
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Ludwigs Maximilans Universität, Munchen, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 115:12-5. 2001
    ..In this work, a likelihood approach is presented for the calculation of a probability for paternity under consideration of a single mutation event on the Y-chromosome. The new methodology is applied to two case examples...
  48. ncbi request reprint Neglect-associated fatal Marchiafava-Bignami disease in a non-alcoholic woman
    C H Rickert
    Institute of Neuropathology, University Clinics Münster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 115:90-3. 2001
    ..This is the first known case of Marchiafava-Bignami disease in a non-alcoholic woman and the first case in the forensic setting of neglect...
  49. ncbi request reprint Trajectory reconstruction from trace evidence on spent bullets. II. Are tissue deposits eliminated by subsequent impacts?
    B Karger
    Institute for Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 114:343-5. 2001
    ..It is concluded that subsequent impacts on intermediate targets do not eliminate enough biological deposits to render DNA analysis impossible and that the amplification of mtDNA is a useful additional method...
  50. ncbi request reprint The results of an mtDNA study of 1,200 inhabitants of a German village in comparison to other Caucasian databases and its relevance for forensic casework
    H Pfeiffer
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 114:169-72. 2001
    ..Furthermore, the number of different haplotypes and the haplotype diversity were calculated for four short amplicons of HV1 in order to establish the most variable section with a high efficiency for forensic casework...
  51. ncbi request reprint Stability of carbohydrate deficient transferrin (CDT) in stored blood samples
    H Kohler
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Westfalische Wilhelms Universitat, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 113:121-2. 2000
    ..The differences between the pairs of CDT values were so large that the determination of CDT after long term storage of the blood sample has no evidential value...
  52. ncbi request reprint Ketoacidosis and lactic acidosis--frequent causes of death in chronic alcoholics?
    B Brinkmann
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Westfalische Wilhelms Universitat, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 111:115-9. 1998
    ..A scheme for medical and laboratory examination is described...
  53. ncbi request reprint Quantitative determination of taxine B in body fluids by LC-MS-MS
    L Frommherz
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Munster, Röntgenstrasse, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 120:346-51. 2006
    ..4 and 2 ng/g, respectively. The method was applied to the determination of taxine B and isotaxine B in four fatal cases (two humans, two horses) with suspected yew intoxication. Blood levels were 105, 168, 174 and 212 ng/g...
  54. ncbi request reprint Does breastfeeding reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome?
    M M Vennemann
    PD, University of Munster, Institute of Legal Medicine, Röntgenstrasse 23, D 48149 Munster, Germany
    Pediatrics 123:e406-10. 2009
    ..In the last 20 years, the prevention campaigns to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome were very successful. In some countries the advice to breastfeed is included in the campaigns' messages, but in other countries it is not...
  55. ncbi request reprint Mutation rates at two human Y-chromosomal microsatellite loci using small pool PCR techniques
    U Holtkemper
    , Von-Esmarch Strasse 62, , , Germany
    Hum Mol Genet 10:629-33. 2001
    ..Moreover, these results support the stepwise mutation mechanism based on replication slippage. We expect this approach to be useful for individual mutation risk determination, as well as for studies concerning male history...
  56. ncbi request reprint Immunohistochemical alterations after intravital and post-mortem traumatic myocardial damage
    C Ortmann
    , , , Germany
    Int J Legal Med 115:23-8. 2001
    ..The aim of the present study was to elaborate reaction patterns of these marker proteins in mechanical heart trauma induced ante- and post-mortem and to explore their value for wound age determination in forensic casework...
  57. ncbi request reprint German study on sudden infant death (GeSID): design, epidemiological and pathological profile
    M Findeisen
    Study centre Studie Plötzlicher Säuglingstod, University of Munster, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 118:163-9. 2004
    ....
  58. ncbi request reprint The Kaiser's tooth
    H Pfeiffer
    Institute of Legal Medicine Münster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 117:118-20. 2003
    ..Here, the results of the DNA analysis are presented...
  59. ncbi request reprint Synthesis of a psilocin hapten and a protein-hapten conjugate
    Christian Albers
    Institute of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, University of Munster, Germany
    J Pharm Pharmacol 54:1265-70. 2002
    ..The protein-hapten conjugate was characterized by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry. The mass spectrometry data indicated an average incorporation ratio of 4-5 molecules of psilocin hapten per molecule of BSA...
  60. ncbi request reprint Fatal leaflet escape in an Edwards TEKNA aortic prosthesis
    Heidi Pfeiffer
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Munster, Munster, Germany
    J Heart Valve Dis 15:97-9. 2006
    ..Thus, from a clinical viewpoint, the question of using a prophylactic replacement in affected patients must be discussed...
  61. ncbi request reprint Mitochondrial DNA control region diversity in hairs and body fluids of monozygotic triplets
    Heidi Pfeiffer
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149 Muenster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 118:71-4. 2004
    ..From these results it can be assumed that besides a common genetic bottleneck during embryonic development, a post-embryonic bottleneck seems to exist in each hair follicle...
  62. doi request reprint Reaction patterns of pulmonary macrophages in protracted asphyxiation
    Theresa Strunk
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Roentgenstr 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 124:559-68. 2010
    ..With increasing time periods of asphyxiation, the results become more significant. The results show that the length of the agony period stimulates the proliferation of pulmonary macrophages and the formation of giant cells...
  63. ncbi request reprint Modifiable risk factors for SIDS in Germany: results of GeSID
    Mechtild M T Vennemann
    Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Munster, Munster, Germany
    Acta Paediatr 94:655-60. 2005
    ..However, little is known about the prevalence and the importance of well-known risk factors in Germany since a local prevention campaign in 1992...
  64. ncbi request reprint Clotted blood as sign of alcohol intoxication: a retrospective study
    T Fracasso
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Röntgenstrabe 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 122:157-61. 2008
    ..Distinctly positive alcohol concentrations have an influence on the fibrinolytic process and, hence, on the coagulation status...
  65. ncbi request reprint Fatal neglect of the elderly
    C Ortmann
    , , , Germany
    Int J Legal Med 114:191-3. 2001
    ..Also in the living, the medico-legal expert can assist in the identification of findings in elderly persons in cases of suspected abuse...
  66. pmc Coincidence of different structures of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) in the respiratory tract of children: no indications for enhanced mucosal immunostimulation in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
    A S Debertin
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Medical School of Hannover, Germany
    Clin Exp Immunol 146:54-9. 2006
    ..Interestingly, the children with coincidental MALT were strikingly older, supporting the hypothesis of respiratory MALT formation via environmental stimulation over time...
  67. ncbi request reprint Somatic mutations at STR loci--a reason for three-allele pattern and mosaicism
    B Rolf
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Westfalische Wilhelms Universitat Munster, Von Esmarch Str 62, Munster D 48149, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 126:200-2. 2002
    ..Occurrence was most probably due to a single step mutation in both cases. Forensic implications would include paternity testing as well as stain analysis...
  68. ncbi request reprint Detection of RNA viruses in sudden infant death (SID)
    T Bajanowski
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Universitatsklinikum Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 117:237-40. 2003
    ..The results obtained indicate an association between IP and some viruses and support the hypothesis that respiratory virus infections could act as trigger in sudden infant death...
  69. ncbi request reprint Nicotine and cotinine in infants dying from sudden infant death syndrome
    T Bajanowski
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg Essen, Hufelandstr 55, 45122, Essen, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 122:23-8. 2008
    ..It can be concluded that nicotine intake by passive smoking is much more important than by breast-feeding. We conclude that both interview data and biochemical measures should be sought to understand the true exposure to tobacco smoke...
  70. ncbi request reprint An annotated mtDNA database
    A Rohl
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, University of Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 115:29-39. 2001
    ....
  71. ncbi request reprint Mutations or exclusion: an unusual case in paternity testing
    A Junge
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Rheinische Friedrich Wilhelms University Bonn, Stiftsplatz 12, D 53111 Bonn, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 120:360-3. 2006
    ..Autosomal STR typing could not clarify the case, but the application of eight Y-chromosomal markers showed that the alleged father could be excluded from paternity...
  72. ncbi request reprint The GEDNAP (German DNA profiling group) blind trial concept
    Steven Rand
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Universitatsklinikum Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 116:199-206. 2002
    ..This system, known as GEDNAP (German DNA profiling group), has now evolved into a multinational DNA blind trial open to all laboratories involved in paternity and forensic DNA testing...
  73. ncbi request reprint Specific traces in stun gun deployment
    Bert Schmiederer
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, UKM Münster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 119:207-12. 2005
    ..Important groups of trace evidence do exist, and their collection and examination appear feasible...
  74. ncbi request reprint Cerebral c-jun expression mapping in sudden infant death syndrome
    Christian H Rickert
    Institute of Neuropathology, University Hospital Munster, Domagkstrasse 19, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Acta Neuropathol 107:119-26. 2004
    ....
  75. ncbi request reprint Suffocation and poisoning--the hard-hitting side of Munchausen syndrome by proxy
    B Vennemann
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Universitatsklinikum Munster, Roentgenstrasse 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 119:98-102. 2005
    ..The cases are discussed in consideration of the relevant literature. In addition warning signs of this forensically relevant syndrome and a strategy for the management of suspected MSBP cases are described...
  76. doi request reprint Fatal mycotic aneurysm caused by Pseudallescheria boydii after near drowning
    C Ortmann
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Universitatsklinikum Jena, Jena, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 124:243-7. 2010
    ..The autopsy showed a mycotic aneurysm of the abdominal aorta and multiple ruptured mycotic aneurysms of the circle of Willis with fatal subarachnoid bleeding...
  77. ncbi request reprint Sudden death due to subarachnoid bleeding from ecchordosis physaliphora
    T Fracasso
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 122:225-7. 2008
    ..Further histological and immunohistochemical investigations allowed the diagnosis of EP...
  78. ncbi request reprint Death due to intravenous application of enteral feed
    G Fechner
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 116:354-6. 2002
    ..Carrot material could be found in the pulmonary blood vessels and in various organs of the systemic circulation...
  79. ncbi request reprint Microsatellite structures in the context of human evolution
    P Wiegand
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Universität Halle Wittenberg, Halle S, Germany
    Electrophoresis 21:889-95. 2000
    ..The loci of higher complexity showed a leveling of the diversity differences among populations, which could be attributed to higher mutation rates...
  80. ncbi request reprint The role of clinical forensic medicine in cases of sexual child abuse
    S Banaschak
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Westfaelische Wilhelms Universität Münster, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 99:85-91. 1999
    ..It is concluded that knowledge about necessary examinations by physicians, police officers and prosecutors has to be promoted in order to improve handling and (legal) outcome of these cases...
  81. ncbi request reprint HPLC with laser-induced native fluorescence detection for morphine and morphine glucuronides from blood after immunoaffinity extraction
    Y Hupka
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 119:121-8. 2005
    ....
  82. ncbi request reprint Pathological changes of the heart in sudden infant death
    T Bajanowski
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 117:193-203. 2003
    ..Problems in the diagnosis are shown which influence the classification of these disturbances as well as the classification of SID...
  83. ncbi request reprint Fracture properties of the human mandible
    M Unnewehr
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Westfalische Wilhelms Universitat, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149, Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 117:326-30. 2003
    ..5 and 3.1 kN. Lateral impact caused fractures near the impact area as direct fractures of the ipsilateral corpus. Mainly single and double fractures were observed. For lateral impact the fracture threshold was between 0.6 and 0.8 kN...
  84. pmc Natural radioactivity and human mitochondrial DNA mutations
    Lucy Forster
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, 48129 Munster, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:13950-4. 2002
    ..In each mutation case, we confirmed maternity by autosomal profiling. Strikingly, the radioactive conditions accelerate mutations at nucleotide positions that have been evolutionary hot spots for at least 60,000 years...
  85. ncbi request reprint Scratched pustule or gunshot wound? A medical odyssey
    T Bajanowski
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Westfalische Wilhelms Universitat, von Esmarch Strasse 62, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 114:267-8. 2001
    ..This misinterpretation may have been caused by a "professional blinkers phenomenon"...
  86. ncbi request reprint Immunohistochemical detection of an ABO-incompatible blood transfusion in formalin-fixed tissue
    H Pfeiffer
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 116:33-5. 2002
    ....
  87. ncbi request reprint The cloven hoof in legal medicine
    T Bajanowski
    , , Germany
    Int J Legal Med 114:346-8. 2001
    ..As the result of the interdisciplinary investigation using modern techniques, there is no doubt that the owner attempted to fraudulently claim on an insurance policy...
  88. ncbi request reprint LC-MS assay for quantitative determination of cardio glycoside in human blood samples
    L Frommherz
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Munster, Roentgenstrasse 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 122:109-14. 2008
    ..2 ng/g for digoxin and 2 ng/g for digitoxin, respectively. As deuterated analyte was used as internal standard, we also present a new microwave-enhanced method for the fast preparation of the labelled analyte within 20 min...
  89. ncbi request reprint Mitochondrial control region sequences from a Vietnamese population sample
    Jodi A Irwin
    Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory, 1413 Research Boulevard, Building 101, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    Int J Legal Med 122:257-9. 2008
    ..Entire mitochondrial control region data were generated for 187 individuals from Vietnam. These samples have been previously typed for 16 autosomal short-tandem repeats (STRs) [1]...
  90. ncbi request reprint The EDNAP mitochondrial DNA population database (EMPOP) collaborative exercises: organisation, results and perspectives
    Walther Parson
    Institute of Legal Medicine, Medical University of Innsbruck, Muellerstrasse 44, Innsbruck 6020, Austria
    Forensic Sci Int 139:215-26. 2004
    ....
  91. doi request reprint Head covering and the risk for SIDS: findings from the New Zealand and German SIDS case-control studies
    Edwin A Mitchell
    University of Auckland, Department of Paediatrics, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    Pediatrics 121:e1478-83. 2008
    ..By using the data from 2 sudden infant death syndrome case-control studies, consistency of the findings could be assessed...
  92. ncbi request reprint Utilization of lectin-histochemistry in forensic neuropathology: lectin staining provides useful information for postmortem diagnosis in forensic neuropathology
    Katsuji Nishi
    Department of Legal Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Setatsukinowa cho, Shiga, Ohtsu 520 2192, Japan
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 5:117-31. 2003
    ..The spherical deposits were newly detected by lectin staining in the molecular layer of the dentate gyrus of the hippocampal formation chiefly from patients with schizophrenia or cognitive dysfunctions...
  93. ncbi request reprint NHE3 in the human brainstem: implication for the pathogenesis of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?
    Martin Wiemann
    University of Duisburg Essen, Department of Physiology
    Adv Exp Med Biol 605:508-13. 2008
    ..Evaluation of signals from NHE3 RT-PCR showed higher values for the SIDS collective than for the control group. We suggest that the level of NHE3 expression in brainstem tissue may contribute to the vulnerability of infants for SIDS...
  94. ncbi request reprint Y-STR haplotypes in populations from the Eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey
    Lale Donbak
    Department of Biology, University of Kahramanmarath Sütçü Ymam, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
    Int J Legal Med 120:395-6. 2006
    ..A search against the Y-Haplotype Reference Database revealed several matches to samples not only from Turkey and neighboring regions (e.g., Syria, Iraq) but also from all over Europe...