Gunter Kampf

Summary

Affiliation: Bode Chemie GmbH and Co
Country: Germany

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint [Optimizing surgical hand disinfection]
    G Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, 22525 Hamburg
    Zentralbl Chir 131:322-6. 2006
  2. doi request reprint Poorly processed reusable surface disinfection tissue dispensers may be a source of infection
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Science Center, BODE Chemie GmbH, Melanchthonstr, 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 14:37. 2014
  3. pmc Less and less-influence of volume on hand coverage and bactericidal efficacy in hand disinfection
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Science Center, BODE Chemie GmbH, Melanchthonstr, 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 13:472. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Resistance or adaptation? How susceptible is a 'glutaraldehyde-resistant' Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolate in the absence of selection pressure?
    G Kampf
    Bode Science Center, BODE Chemie GmbH, Hamburg, Germany Institute for Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Ernst Moritz Arndt University, Greifswald, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 84:316-8. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Efficacy of surgical hand scrub products based on chlorhexidine is largely overestimated without neutralizing agents in the sampling fluid
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Science Center, BODE Chemie GmbH, Hamburg, Germany
    Am J Infect Control 41:e1-5. 2013
  6. pmc Quantity of ethanol absorption after excessive hand disinfection using three commercially available hand rubs is minimal and below toxic levels for humans
    Axel Kramer
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Ernst Moritz Arndt University, Walther Rathenau Str 49A, 17489 Greifswald, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 7:117. 2007
  7. pmc Effectiveness of alcohol-based hand disinfectants in a public administration: impact on health and work performance related to acute respiratory symptoms and diarrhoea
    Nils Olaf Hübner
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Walter Rathenau Strasse 49 A 17487 Greifswald, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 10:250. 2010
  8. pmc Efficacy of two ethanol-based skin antiseptics on the forehead at shorter application times
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, KG, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstrasse 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    BMC Microbiol 7:85. 2007
  9. pmc Suitability of vaccinia virus and bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) for determining activities of three commonly-used alcohol-based hand rubs against enveloped viruses
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, KG, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr, 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 7:5. 2007
  10. pmc Evaluation of two methods of determining the efficacies of two alcohol-based hand rubs for surgical hand antisepsis
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstrasse 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:3856-61. 2006

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. ncbi request reprint [Optimizing surgical hand disinfection]
    G Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, 22525 Hamburg
    Zentralbl Chir 131:322-6. 2006
    ..Considering these elements in clinical practice can have a significant impact to optimize the high quality of surgical hand disinfection for prevention of surgical site infections...
  2. doi request reprint Poorly processed reusable surface disinfection tissue dispensers may be a source of infection
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Science Center, BODE Chemie GmbH, Melanchthonstr, 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 14:37. 2014
    ..We determined the frequency of contaminated surface disinfectant solutions in reusable dispensers and the ability of isolates to multiply in different formulations...
  3. pmc Less and less-influence of volume on hand coverage and bactericidal efficacy in hand disinfection
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Science Center, BODE Chemie GmbH, Melanchthonstr, 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 13:472. 2013
    ..This study aimed to determine hand coverage for three handrubs (two gels based on 70% v/v and 85% w/w ethanol and a foam based on 70% v/v ethanol) applied at various volumes...
  4. doi request reprint Resistance or adaptation? How susceptible is a 'glutaraldehyde-resistant' Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolate in the absence of selection pressure?
    G Kampf
    Bode Science Center, BODE Chemie GmbH, Hamburg, Germany Institute for Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Ernst Moritz Arndt University, Greifswald, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 84:316-8. 2013
    ..No significant difference was found between the first and fifth passages so phenotypic adaptation is unlikely. ..
  5. doi request reprint Efficacy of surgical hand scrub products based on chlorhexidine is largely overestimated without neutralizing agents in the sampling fluid
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Science Center, BODE Chemie GmbH, Hamburg, Germany
    Am J Infect Control 41:e1-5. 2013
    ..There are doubts that the full effect measured for these products might only be achieved after sampling because of a lack of valid neutralizing agents (NAs) in the sampling fluid...
  6. pmc Quantity of ethanol absorption after excessive hand disinfection using three commercially available hand rubs is minimal and below toxic levels for humans
    Axel Kramer
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Ernst Moritz Arndt University, Walther Rathenau Str 49A, 17489 Greifswald, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 7:117. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to assess if ethanol absorption occurs during hygienic and surgical hand disinfection using three different alcohol-based hand-rubs, and to quantify absorption levels in humans...
  7. pmc Effectiveness of alcohol-based hand disinfectants in a public administration: impact on health and work performance related to acute respiratory symptoms and diarrhoea
    Nils Olaf Hübner
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Walter Rathenau Strasse 49 A 17487 Greifswald, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 10:250. 2010
    ..Hand disinfection is acknowledged as key element for infection control, but its effect in open, work place settings is unclear...
  8. pmc Efficacy of two ethanol-based skin antiseptics on the forehead at shorter application times
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, KG, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstrasse 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    BMC Microbiol 7:85. 2007
    ..Colonies were counted after incubation of plates at 36 degrees C for 48 h. The mean log10 reduction of bacteria was calculated. The Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-ranks test was used for a comparison of treatments...
  9. pmc Suitability of vaccinia virus and bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) for determining activities of three commonly-used alcohol-based hand rubs against enveloped viruses
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, KG, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr, 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 7:5. 2007
    ....
  10. pmc Evaluation of two methods of determining the efficacies of two alcohol-based hand rubs for surgical hand antisepsis
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstrasse 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:3856-61. 2006
    ..That is why we conclude that, despite our results, meeting the efficacy requirements of one test method does not allow the claim that the requirements of the other test method are also met...
  11. ncbi request reprint Do atopics tolerate alcohol-based hand rubs? A prospective, controlled, randomized double-blind clinical trial
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr 27, DE 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    Acta Derm Venereol 86:140-3. 2006
    ..35+/-1.6). A comparison of the atopic and non-atopic subjects revealed no significant difference. In conclusion, we found that tolerance to the five alcohol-based hand rubs was good among atopic and non-atopic subjects...
  12. pmc Comprehensive bactericidal activity of an ethanol-based hand gel in 15 seconds
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, KG, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr, 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 7:2. 2008
    ....
  13. doi request reprint How effective are hand antiseptics for the postcontamination treatment of hands when used as recommended?
    Gunter Kampf
    BODE Chemie GmbH and Co KG, Scientific Affairs, Hamburg, Germany and Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Ernst Moritz Arndt University, Greifswald, Germany
    Am J Infect Control 36:356-60. 2008
    ..For that reason, we investigated the efficacy of 2 different volumes of 4 marketed hand rubs when applied to contaminated hands...
  14. doi request reprint Bacterial population kinetics on hands during 2 consecutive surgical hand disinfection procedures
    Gunter Kampf
    Department of Scientific Affairs, BODE Chemie GmbH and Co KG, Hamburg, Germany
    Am J Infect Control 36:369-74. 2008
    ..We studied the effect of 2 consecutive applications of hand rubs on resident bacterial hand flora...
  15. pmc Influence of rub-in technique on required application time and hand coverage in hygienic hand disinfection
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, KG, Scientific Affairs, Hamburg, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 8:149. 2008
    ..Finally, all subjects were instructed to cover both hands completely, irrespective of any specific steps ("responsible application"). Each rub-in technique was evaluated for untreated skin areas...
  16. doi request reprint What is left to justify the use of chlorhexidine in hand hygiene?
    Gunter Kampf
    BODE Chemie GmbH and Co KG, Scientific Affairs, Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 70:27-34. 2008
    ..Unless there is new and valid evidence to clearly support a benefit of using chlorhexidine gluconate in hand hygiene, healthcare workers should prefer formulations without this agent...
  17. doi request reprint A 1-minute hand wash does not impair the efficacy of a propanol-based hand rub in two consecutive surgical hand disinfection procedures
    G Kampf
    Scientific Affairs, BODE Chemie GmbH, Melanchthonstrasse 27, 22525, Hamburg, Germany
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 28:1357-62. 2009
    ..05; Friedman test). A 1-min hand wash before application of the PBHR did not significantly change its efficacy for surgical hand disinfection in two consecutive surgical procedures of 3 h...
  18. pmc Efficacy of ethanol-based hand foams using clinically relevant amounts: a cross-over controlled study among healthy volunteers
    Gunter Kampf
    BODE Chemie GmbH, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr, 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 10:78. 2010
    ..Therefore, we have investigated the correlation between the applied amount and drying time, and the bactericidal efficacy of ethanol foams...
  19. doi request reprint Hand disinfection in hospitals - benefits and risks
    Gunter Kampf
    BODE Chemie GmbH, Scientific Affairs, Hamburg, Germany Institute for Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, University of Greifswald, Germany
    J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 8:978-83. 2010
    ..Improved compliance in hand hygiene and targeted use of alcohol-based hand rubs can reduce the nosocomial infection rate by up to 40 %. The benefit of hand disinfection is therefore much larger than possible risks...
  20. doi request reprint World Health Organization-recommended hand-rub formulations do not meet European efficacy requirements for surgical hand disinfection in five minutes
    G Kampf
    BODE Chemie GmbH, Scientific Affairs, Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 78:123-7. 2011
    ..75). Both WHO-recommended hand-rub formulations failed to meet the EN 12791 efficacy requirements for surgical hand disinfection within 5 min. A higher concentration of the active ingredients may improve the efficacy...
  21. pmc Regular use of a hand cream can attenuate skin dryness and roughness caused by frequent hand washing
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    BMC Dermatol 6:1. 2006
    ..Aim of the study was to determine the effect of the regular use of a hand cream after washing hands on skin hydration and skin roughness...
  22. ncbi request reprint Emollients in a propanol-based hand rub can significantly decrease irritant contact dermatitis
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    Contact Dermatitis 53:344-9. 2005
    ..05; Mann-Whitney U-test). It is concluded that the addition of emollients to a propanol-based hand rub can significantly decrease irritant contact dermatitis under frequent-use conditions...
  23. ncbi request reprint The six golden rules to improve compliance in hand hygiene
    G Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 56:S3-5. 2004
    ..It has been shown that staff shortage decreases hand hygiene compliance. Other factors may be important as well, but implementation of these 6 golden rules could be an effective step into the right direction...
  24. ncbi request reprint Dermal tolerance of Sterillium, a propanol-based hand rub
    G Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstrasse 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 55:295-8. 2003
    ..The lack of irritation or sensitization potential could enhance compliance with hand hygiene among healthcare workers...
  25. ncbi request reprint State-of-the-art hand hygiene in community medicine
    Gunter Kampf
    BODE Chemie GmbH, Melanchthonstr 27, D 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 206:465-72. 2003
    ..This state-of-the-art hand hygiene should also be emphasized more in community medicine. This review may help to go the first step into this direction...
  26. ncbi request reprint Validity of the four European test strains of prEN 12054 for the determination of comprehensive bactericidal activity of an alcohol-based hand rub
    G Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr 27, 22525, Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 55:226-31. 2003
    ..Comparable reductions were also observed against all 14 emerging bacterial pathogens. The four European test bacteria were found to be sufficient to determine a comprehensive bactericidal activity of a propanol-based hand rub...
  27. ncbi request reprint Comparison of two test methods for the determination of sufficient antimicrobial activity of three commonly used alcohol-based hand rubs for hygienic hand disinfection
    G Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr 27, 22525, Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 55:220-5. 2003
    ..In our study, the DGHM test method did not provide additional information for hand rubs which exhibit their bactericidal efficacy with 3 mL within 30 s (EN 1500)...
  28. ncbi request reprint Dermatological aspects of a successful introduction and continuation of alcohol-based hand rubs for hygienic hand disinfection
    G Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 55:1-7. 2003
    ..The switch from handwash to alcohol-based hand rub will improve healthcare workers skin if mistakes are avoided and hand rinses are used correctly...
  29. ncbi request reprint Suitability of Sterillium Gel for surgical hand disinfection
    G Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 54:222-5. 2003
    ..No significant correlation was found between overall or dermal acceptance and years of professional experience, profession or number of gel portions used for surgical hand disinfection (Pearson's correlation; P>0.05)...
  30. ncbi request reprint Inter-laboratory reproducibility of the hand disinfection reference procedure of EN 1500
    G Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Research and Development, Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 53:304-6. 2003
    ..059; analysis of variance), although the difference of the mean pre and post-values was highly significant (P<0.001). EN 1500 is a reproducible test method which leads to valid data...
  31. ncbi request reprint Dermal tolerance and effect on skin hydration of a new ethanol-based hand gel
    G Kampf
    Scientific Affairs, Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 52:297-301. 2002
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Intra-laboratory reproducibility of the hand hygiene reference procedures of EN 1499 (hygienic handwash) and EN 1500 (hygienic hand disinfection)
    G Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Research and Development, Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 52:219-24. 2002
    ..291;P = 0.01) and handwash (correlation coefficient: 0.372, P = 0.01). Overall both procedures gave accurate and reproducible results...
  33. ncbi request reprint Spectrum of antimicrobial activity and user acceptability of the hand disinfectant agent Sterillium Gel
    G Kampf
    Scientific Affairs, Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Melanchthonstr 27, 22525, Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 52:141-7. 2002
    ..Due to the excellent acceptance by healthcare workers it may significantly improve compliance for hand hygiene and thereby help to reduce the incidence of nosocomial infection...
  34. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of alcohol-based gels compared with simple hand wash and hygienic hand disinfection
    G Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Microbiology, Melanchthonstrasse 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 56:S13-5. 2004
    ..Replacement of these products with most available gels would be a step backward in terms of efficacy and has still to be seen critically from the efficacy point of view...
  35. pmc Insufficient neutralization in testing a chlorhexidine-containing ethanol-based hand rub can result in a false positive efficacy assessment
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstrasse 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 5:48. 2005
    ..Aim of the study was to measure the effect of chemical neutralization under practical test conditions according to EN 1500...
  36. ncbi request reprint Surface fixation of dried blood by glutaraldehyde and peracetic acid
    G Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Development, Melanchthonstr 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 57:139-43. 2004
    ..3%). Our findings underline the potential for blood fixation, not only by glutaraldehyde, but also by peracetic acid, and support the evidence that effective cleaning should precede the chemical disinfection...
  37. pmc Efficacy of two distinct ethanol-based hand rubs for surgical hand disinfection -- a controlled trial according to prEN 12791
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr, 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 5:17. 2005
    ..Aim of the study was to determine the efficacy of two distinct ethanol-based hand rubs for surgical hand disinfection in a controlled cross-over trial according to prEN 12791...
  38. pmc Epidemiologic background of hand hygiene and evaluation of the most important agents for scrubs and rubs
    Gunter Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstrasse 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    Clin Microbiol Rev 17:863-93, table of contents. 2004
    ....
  39. pmc Influence of applied volume on efficacy of 3-minute surgical reference disinfection method prEN 12791
    Gunter Kampf
    Scientific Affairs, BODE Chemie GmbH, Hamburg, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 70:7066-9. 2004
    ..689]; for sustained effect, Pearson's correlation coefficient = 0.059 [P = 0.404]). If the hands were kept wet with the reference alcohol for the total application time, the applied volume could vary, but this did not alter the efficacy...
  40. ncbi request reprint Surgical hand disinfection with a propanol-based hand rub: equivalence of shorter application times
    G Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 59:304-10. 2005
    ..Using 2 x 3 mL Sterillium for a total of 1.5 min for surgical hand disinfection was at least as effective as the 3-min reference disinfection...
  41. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of three ethanol-based hand rubs against feline calicivirus, a surrogate virus for norovirus
    G Kampf
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 60:144-9. 2005
    ..78 vs. 0.97; P=0.35). Based on our data, ethanol has superior efficacy against FCV than propan-1-ol. In addition, a higher ethanol concentration in three commercially available hand rubs was associated with better efficacy against FCV...
  42. ncbi request reprint Prevention of irritant contact dermatitis among health care workers by using evidence-based hand hygiene practices: a review
    Gunter Kampf
    BODE Chemie GmbH and Co KG, Scientific Affairs, Hamburg, Germany
    Ind Health 45:645-52. 2007
    ..Adhering to evidence-based hand hygiene protocols and following international guidelines on hand hygiene practices therefore, can help prevent irritant contact dermatitis among healthcare workers...
  43. pmc Alcohols for skin antisepsis at clinically relevant skin sites
    Mirja Reichel
    BODE Chemie GmbH, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 53:4778-82. 2009
    ..Further studies are needed to determine the most effective concentration of CHG in n-propanol to provide the best protection against recolonization of the skin, e.g., for catheter site care...
  44. pmc Does a preceding hand wash and drying time after surgical hand disinfection influence the efficacy of a propanol-based hand rub?
    Nils Olaf Hübner
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Ernst Moritz Arndt University, Walther Rathenau Str, 49a, 17489 Greifswald, Germany
    BMC Microbiol 6:57. 2006
    ..5 min significantly. But the effect of a 1 min preceding hand wash and the effect of one additional minute for evaporation of the alcohol after its application on the efficacy after a 1.5 min application time has never been studied...
  45. ncbi request reprint Hand rub-associated fire incidents during 25,038 hospital-years in Germany
    Axel Kramer
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Ernst Moritz Arndt Universitat Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:745-6. 2007
    ..The results underline the safety of using alcohol-based hand rubs in hospitals...
  46. pmc Pitfalls in efficacy testing--how important is the validation of neutralization of chlorhexidine digluconate?
    Mirja Reichel
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, KG, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr, 27, 22525, Hamburg, Germany
    Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 7:20. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to determine an effective and non-toxic neutralizing mixture for a propan-1-ol solution containing 2% CHG...
  47. pmc Hand hygiene for the prevention of nosocomial infections
    Gunter Kampf
    BODE Chemie GmbH, Hamburg
    Dtsch Arztebl Int 106:649-55. 2009
    ..The WHO regards hand hygiene as an essential tool for the prevention of nosocomial infection, but compliance in clinical practice is often low...
  48. pmc How long do nosocomial pathogens persist on inanimate surfaces? A systematic review
    Axel Kramer
    Institut fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, Ernst Moritz Arndt Universitat, Greifswald, Germany
    BMC Infect Dis 6:130. 2006
    ..Inanimate surfaces have often been described as the source for outbreaks of nosocomial infections. The aim of this review is to summarize data on the persistence of different nosocomial pathogens on inanimate surfaces...
  49. doi request reprint Skin bacteria after chlorhexidine exposure-is there a difference in response to human beta-Defensin-3?
    M Reichel
    BODE Chemie GmbH, Scientific Affairs, Melanchthonstr 27, 22525, Hamburg, Germany
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 29:623-32. 2010
    ..to hBD-3. The use of CHG for skin antisepsis is, based on our data, unlikely to change the natural defence activity of hBD-3...
  50. ncbi request reprint Test models to determine cleaning efficacy with different types of bioburden and its clinical correlation
    R Bloss
    Bode Chemie GmbH and Co, Development, Melanchthonstr 27, 22525 Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 56:S44-8. 2004
    ..Implementation of accepted and reproducible standards for testing the cleaning efficacy will remain a goal for the next years...
  51. doi request reprint Adsorption of active ingredients of surface disinfectants depends on the type of fabric used for surface treatment
    R Bloss
    BODE Chemie GmbH, Development, Hamburg, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 75:56-61. 2010
    ..Glutardialdehyde and propan-1-ol did not adsorb to any of the fibres. Effective surface disinfection also includes selection of an appropriate fabric...
  52. doi request reprint Dermal and pulmonary absorption of propan-1-ol and propan-2-ol from hand rubs
    Harald Below
    Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Ernst Moritz Arndt University, Greifswald, Germany
    Am J Infect Control 40:250-7. 2012
    ..This study investigated whether absorption of propan-1-ol and propan-2-ol from commercially available hand rubs results in measurable concentrations after use...