Sandro Galea

Summary

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The social epidemiology of substance use
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 26:36-52. 2004
  2. pmc Multilevel community-based intervention to increase access to sterile syringes among injection drug users through pharmacy sales in New York City
    Crystal M Fuller
    Harlem Community and Academic Partnership at the Center for Urban Epidemiological Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:117-24. 2007
  3. pmc Adverse reactions associated with studying persons recently exposed to mass urban disaster
    Joseph A Boscarino
    Division of Health and Science Policy, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 5293, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:515-24. 2004
  4. pmc Sampling and recruitment in multilevel studies among marginalized urban populations: the IMPACT studies
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029 5283, USA
    J Urban Health 85:268-80. 2008
  5. ncbi request reprint Television watching and the risk of incident probable posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective evaluation
    Kyle T Bernstein
    Department of Emergency Medicine, NYU School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:41-7. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Job loss, unemployment, work stress, job satisfaction, and the persistence of posttraumatic stress disorder one year after the September 11 attacks
    Arijit Nandi
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 5283, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 46:1057-64. 2004
  7. pmc Project VIVA: a multilevel community-based intervention to increase influenza vaccination rates among hard-to-reach populations in New York City
    Micaela H Coady
    Center for Urban Epidemiological Studies at the New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1314-21. 2008
  8. pmc Prescription opioid mortality trends in New York City, 1990-2006: examining the emergence of an epidemic
    Magdalena Cerda
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 132:53-62. 2013
  9. ncbi request reprint The built environment and alcohol consumption in urban neighborhoods
    Kyle T Bernstein
    Department of Emergency Medicine, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 91:244-52. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Access to influenza vaccine in East Harlem and the Bronx during a national vaccine shortage
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Community Health 32:195-202. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications98

  1. ncbi request reprint The social epidemiology of substance use
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 26:36-52. 2004
  2. pmc Multilevel community-based intervention to increase access to sterile syringes among injection drug users through pharmacy sales in New York City
    Crystal M Fuller
    Harlem Community and Academic Partnership at the Center for Urban Epidemiological Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:117-24. 2007
    ..We developed a community-based participatory research partnership to determine whether a multilevel intervention would increase sterile syringe access through a new policy allowing nonprescription syringe sales in pharmacies...
  3. pmc Adverse reactions associated with studying persons recently exposed to mass urban disaster
    Joseph A Boscarino
    Division of Health and Science Policy, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 5293, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:515-24. 2004
    ..We suggest that, with the proper safeguards, research with persons exposed to a resent mass urban disaster generally can be conducted safely and effectively...
  4. pmc Sampling and recruitment in multilevel studies among marginalized urban populations: the IMPACT studies
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029 5283, USA
    J Urban Health 85:268-80. 2008
    ..We describe the organization and rationale for the IMPACT Studies in New York City as a case illustration on how such issues may be addressed...
  5. ncbi request reprint Television watching and the risk of incident probable posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective evaluation
    Kyle T Bernstein
    Department of Emergency Medicine, NYU School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:41-7. 2007
    ..4-fold increased risk of new-onset probable PTSD (p=0.004). Exposure to television coverage of the September 11 anniversary was associated with new-onset probable PTSD among a cohort of New Yorkers with no probable PTSD at baseline...
  6. ncbi request reprint Job loss, unemployment, work stress, job satisfaction, and the persistence of posttraumatic stress disorder one year after the September 11 attacks
    Arijit Nandi
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 5283, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 46:1057-64. 2004
    ..02). High levels of perceived work stress predicted PTSD persistence among persons employed at follow-up (P = 0.02). Persons unemployed in the aftermath of a disaster may be at risk for poor mental health in the long-term...
  7. pmc Project VIVA: a multilevel community-based intervention to increase influenza vaccination rates among hard-to-reach populations in New York City
    Micaela H Coady
    Center for Urban Epidemiological Studies at the New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1314-21. 2008
    ..We sought to determine whether the work of a community-based participatory research partnership increased interest in influenza vaccination among hard-to-reach individuals in urban settings...
  8. pmc Prescription opioid mortality trends in New York City, 1990-2006: examining the emergence of an epidemic
    Magdalena Cerda
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 132:53-62. 2013
    ..Conclusions: The distinct epidemiologic profiles exhibited by analgesic and methadone overdose fatalities highlight the need to define drug-specific public health prevention efforts. ..
  9. ncbi request reprint The built environment and alcohol consumption in urban neighborhoods
    Kyle T Bernstein
    Department of Emergency Medicine, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 91:244-52. 2007
    ..To examine the relations between characteristics of the neighborhood built environment and recent alcohol use...
  10. ncbi request reprint Access to influenza vaccine in East Harlem and the Bronx during a national vaccine shortage
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Community Health 32:195-202. 2007
    ..This study highlights the challenges of meeting the preventive health care needs of hard-to-reach populations in times of public health crisis...
  11. doi request reprint Household density among undocumented Mexican immigrants in New York City
    Katherine Standish
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Immigr Minor Health 12:310-8. 2010
    ..High household density increases exposure to communicable diseases, psychological distress in adults, and poor long-term health in children. High residential density, which may be a mediator of poor health, is common among immigrants...
  12. doi request reprint Potentially traumatic events and the risk of six physical health conditions in a population-based sample
    Katherine M Keyes
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Depress Anxiety 30:451-60. 2013
    ..Potentially traumatic events (PTEs) are common in the population, yet, the impact of total burden and specific types of PTEs on physical health has not been systematically investigated...
  13. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and HIV risk behavior among Ohio Army National Guard Soldiers
    Brandon D L Marshall
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, New York, USA
    J Trauma Stress 26:64-70. 2013
    ..Integrated interventions to address mental health problems and reduce HIV risk behavior are in need of development and evaluation...
  14. ncbi request reprint What predicts psychological resilience after disaster? The role of demographics, resources, and life stress
    George A Bonanno
    Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 75:671-82. 2007
    ..Implications for future research and intervention are discussed...
  15. doi request reprint Intimate partner violence perpetration and condom use-related factors: associations with heterosexual men's consistent condom use
    Victoria Frye
    Steinhardt School of Culture, Education and Human Development, New York University, New York, NY, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:153-62. 2011
    ..Physical IPV perpetration by heterosexual men makes an independent contribution to consistent condom use. Designing interventions for heterosexual men that simultaneously address both IPV and sexual risk behaviors is critical...
  16. ncbi request reprint Ecstasy use among Hispanic and black substance users in New York City
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 40:1399-407. 2005
    ..These findings are limited to persons who use other drugs, but suggest that further investigation of ecstasy use in minority populations is warranted...
  17. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in sexual behaviors, sexual partnerships, and HIV among drug users in New York City
    Judith Absalon
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Infectious Disease Epidemiologic Research, CIDER, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    AIDS Behav 10:707-15. 2006
    ..IDU was not associated with HIV. Prospective studies are needed to determine how gender-specific sexual behaviors/partnerships among drug users affect HIV acquisition...
  18. ncbi request reprint Trends of probable post-traumatic stress disorder in New York City after the September 11 terrorist attacks
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 5283, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:514-24. 2003
    ..The psychological consequences of a large-scale disaster in a densely populated urban area may extend beyond persons directly affected by the disaster to persons in the general population...
  19. pmc The role of neighborhood environment and risk of intimate partner femicide in a large urban area
    Victoria Frye
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Ave, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1473-9. 2008
    ....
  20. pmc Social and psychological resources and health outcomes after the World Trade Center disaster
    Richard E Adams
    Division of Health and Science Policy, The New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029 5293, USA
    Soc Sci Med 62:176-88. 2006
    ..We discuss these findings relative to community disasters in industrialized and developing countries...
  21. ncbi request reprint Explaining the relationship between race/ethnicity and pharmacy purchased syringes among injection drug users in New York City
    Crystal M Fuller
    Center for Infectious Disease Epidemiologic Research, Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Ethn Dis 14:589-96. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the factors that could explain the relationship between race/ethnicity and pharmacy use...
  22. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of a naloxone distribution and administration program in New York City
    Tinka Markham Piper
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 43:858-70. 2008
    ..2%) said they would want naloxone administered if overdosing. Naloxone administration by IDUs is feasible as part of a comprehensive overdose prevention strategy and may be a practicable way to reduce overdose deaths on a larger scale...
  23. pmc Revisiting the role of the urban environment in substance use: the case of analgesic overdose fatalities
    Magdalena Cerda
    Magdalena Cerdá, Katherine M Keyes, Karestan C Koenen and Sandro Galea are with the Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY Yusuf Ransome is with the Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health Kenneth Tardiff is with the Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY David Vlahov is with the School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco
    Am J Public Health 103:2252-60. 2013
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Identifying injection drug users at risk of nonfatal overdose
    Phillip O Coffin
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 14:616-23. 2007
    ..The authors evaluated associations between individual-level risk factors and experiencing an overdose in the past six months to determine which characteristics and behaviors may be most predictive of overdose...
  25. pmc Metropolitan social environments and pre-HAART/HAART era changes in mortality rates (per 10,000 adult residents) among injection drug users living with AIDS
    Samuel R Friedman
    Institute of Infectious Disease Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e57201. 2013
    ..We assess metropolitan area characteristics associated with decline in mortality rates among IDUs living with AIDS (per 10,000 adult MSA residents) after highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was developed...
  26. pmc Alcohol use, mental health status and psychological well-being 2 years after the World Trade Center attacks in New York City
    Richard E Adams
    Division of Health Policy, The New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 32:203-24. 2006
    ..We discuss reasons for these results and the negative consequences that heavy alcohol use may have on the postdisaster recovery process...
  27. pmc Sustained increased consumption of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana among Manhattan residents after september 11, 2001
    David Vlahov
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:253-4. 2004
    ..These sustained increases in substance use following the September 11 terrorist attacks suggest potential long-term health consequences as a result of disasters...
  28. pmc Neighborhood characteristics and change in depressive symptoms among older residents of New York City
    John R Beard
    Center for Urban Epidemiological Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Ave, New York, NY 10029 5202, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1308-14. 2009
    ..We investigated the relationship between the depressive symptoms of older adults over time and the characteristics of the neighborhoods in which they live...
  29. pmc An overview of 9/11 experiences and respiratory and mental health conditions among World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees
    Mark Farfel
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
    J Urban Health 85:880-909. 2008
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Antidepressant use in elderly suicide victims in New York city: an analysis of 255 cases
    Robert C Abrams
    Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, N Y 10021, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 70:312-7. 2009
    ..We examined postmortem evidence of antidepressant, analgesic, and anxiolytic-hypnotic drugs in suicide victims aged 65 years and older...
  31. ncbi request reprint Television images and psychological symptoms after the September 11 terrorist attacks
    Jennifer Ahern
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, Room 556, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York 10029 5283, USA
    Psychiatry 65:289-300. 2002
    ..Specific disaster-related television images were associated with PTSD and depression among persons who were directly exposed to a disaster. Future research should address causal directionality of this association...
  32. ncbi request reprint Consumption of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana among New York City residents six months after the September 11 terrorist attacks
    David Vlahov
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, Room 556, 1216 Fifth Ave, New York, NY 10029 5283, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 30:385-407. 2004
    ..These results suggest that the increase in substance use after a disaster may be a cause for public health concern in the long-term...
  33. pmc Investigating the effect of social changes on age-specific gun-related homicide rates in New York City during the 1990s
    Magdalena Cerda
    New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Ave, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1107-15. 2010
    ..We assessed whether New York City's gun-related homicide rates in the 1990s were associated with a range of social determinants of homicide rates...
  34. ncbi request reprint Gender, social support, and posttraumatic stress in postwar Kosovo
    Jennifer Ahern
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:762-70. 2004
    ..Interventions targeting social support may be important public health efforts in the postwar context...
  35. doi request reprint Predictors of influenza vaccination in an urban community during a national shortage
    Erica Phillips-Caesar
    Department of Medicine, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 19:611-24. 2008
    ..Such groups are less likely to be vaccinated when vaccines are scarce...
  36. ncbi request reprint Probable cigarette dependence, PTSD, and depression after an urban disaster: results from a population survey of New York City residents 4 months after September 11, 2001
    Arijit Nandi
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, USA
    Psychiatry 68:299-310. 2005
    ..3% vs. 13.3%, p = 0.027). This study showed the co-occurrence of probable cigarette dependence with increased cigarette use and the co-occurrence of probable cigarette dependence with probable PTSD and depression after September 11...
  37. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of subway-related fatalities in New York City, 1990-2003
    Robyn R M Gershon
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Safety Res 39:583-8. 2008
    ..S.), subways have the highest fatality rate. The aim of this paper is to characterize subway-related fatalities in order to identify opportunities for risk reduction...
  38. ncbi request reprint Antidepressants in adult suicides in New York City: 2001-2004
    Andrew C Leon
    Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 68:1399-403. 2007
    ..Nearly all suicidality in those trials was nonfatal suicide attempts and ideation. Here, we consider whether antidepressants are linked with adult suicide deaths...
  39. ncbi request reprint Participant reactions to survey research in the general population after terrorist attacks
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    J Trauma Stress 18:461-5. 2005
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint Club drug use among minority substance users in New York City
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 36:397-9. 2004
    ..3% Hispanics and 56.4% of Blacks reported a lifetime history of club drug use. PCP was the most commonly reported club drug used among all racial/ethnic groups. Further investigation of club drug use in minority populations is warranted...
  41. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric medication use among Manhattan residents following the World Trade Center disaster
    Joseph A Boscarino
    Division of Health and Science Policy, New York Academy of Medicine, New York 10029 5293, USA
    J Trauma Stress 16:301-6. 2003
    ..5%). However, among those who used postdisaster medications (n = 129), new users tended to be those with panic attacks (44.1%) and those with panic attacks and PTSD (69.2%)...
  42. ncbi request reprint Interpersonal discrimination and the health of illicit drug users
    Michael Young
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 31:371-91. 2005
    ..Discrimination may contribute to poor mental and physical health in this marginalized population, potentially complicating the provision of substance abuse treatment...
  43. ncbi request reprint Drug use, misuse, and the urban environment
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Drug Alcohol Rev 24:127-36. 2005
    ..g. collective efficacy, the built environment) may be associated with drug use and misuse, summarize the existing empiric literature that substantiates elements of this framework, and identify potential directions for future research...
  44. pmc Effects of race, neighborhood, and social network on age at initiation of injection drug use
    Crystal M Fuller
    Center for Infectious Disease Epidemiologic Research, Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 W 168th St, 4th Floor, Room R422, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:689-95. 2005
    ..We investigated individual- and neighborhood-level factors associated with adolescent initiation of injection drug use...
  45. pmc Defining neighborhood boundaries for urban health research
    Linda Weiss
    Office of Special Populations, New York, New York 10029, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:S154-9. 2007
    ....
  46. pmc Urban built environment and depression: a multilevel analysis
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:822-7. 2005
    ..To assess the relations between characteristics of the neighbourhood internal and external built environment and past six month and lifetime depression...
  47. pmc Epidemiologic heterogeneity of common mood and anxiety disorders over the lifecourse in the general population: a systematic review
    Arijit Nandi
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, USA
    BMC Psychiatry 9:31. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to systematically review the epidemiologic evidence for potential patterns of heterogeneity of common mood and anxiety disorders over the lifecourse in the general population...
  48. ncbi request reprint Association of sex, hygiene and drug equipment sharing with hepatitis C virus infection among non-injecting drug users in New York City
    Chanelle J Howe
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 79:389-95. 2005
    ..Hepatitis C virus (HCV) rates are higher in non-injecting drug users (NIDUs) than general population estimates. Whether this elevated HCV rate is due to drug use or other putative risk behaviors remains unclear...
  49. ncbi request reprint Urban health: evidence, challenges, and directions
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, Columbia University, NY 10029, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 26:341-65. 2005
    ....
  50. pmc A comparison of HIV seropositive and seronegative young adult heroin- and cocaine-using men who have sex with men in New York City, 2000-2003
    Crystal M Fuller
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 5th Avenue, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Urban Health 82:i51-61. 2005
    ..Large-scale studies among illicit drug-using MSM from more marginalized neighborhoods are warranted...
  51. ncbi request reprint Neighborhood-level correlates of consistent condom use among men who have sex with men: a multi-level analysis
    Victoria Frye
    Urban Public Health Program, Hunter College, City University of New York, New York, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:974-85. 2010
    ..This finding suggests that neighborhoods with a significant gay presence may have norms that act to discourage high risk sexual activity...
  52. ncbi request reprint Awareness and perceptions of a communitywide mental health program in New York city after September 11
    Sasha Rudenstine
    Center for Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York City, New York, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 54:1404-6. 2003
    ..The results of the study suggest that although awareness of this public mental health services was low, Project Liberty was well received among the people who may be most likely to need its services...
  53. pmc Child maltreatment increases sensitivity to adverse social contexts: neighborhood physical disorder and incident binge drinking in Detroit
    Katherine M Keyes
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032 3725, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 122:77-85. 2012
    ..We evaluated whether the association between neighborhood physical disorder and binge drinking was modified by child maltreatment exposure...
  54. ncbi request reprint Income inequality and risk of suicide in New York City neighborhoods: a multilevel case-control study
    Jeffrey R Miller
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, NY 10029, USA
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 35:448-59. 2005
    ..These data suggest that income inequality may contribute to the risk of suicide in younger adults...
  55. pmc Social factors associated with AIDS and SARS
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, 160 Water Street, 24th Floor, New York, NY 10038, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1767-9. 2005
    ..We conducted a survey of 928 New York City area residents to assess knowledge and worry about AIDS and SARS. Specific sociodemographic groups of persons were more likely to be less informed and more worried about contracting the diseases...
  56. pmc Posttraumatic stress disorder in Manhattan, New York City, after the September 11th terrorist attacks
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Urban Health 79:340-53. 2002
    ..These findings can help guide resource planning for future disasters in densely populated urban areas...
  57. ncbi request reprint Circumstances of witnessed drug overdose in New York City: implications for intervention
    Melissa Tracy
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 79:181-90. 2005
    ....
  58. pmc Life course variation in the relation between maternal marital status and preterm birth
    Abdulrahman M El-Sayed
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, 722 W 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 22:168-74. 2012
    ..Because relations between social factors and health may vary during the life course, we assessed how the relation between marital status and PTB risk may change with maternal age...
  59. pmc Hepatitis C incidence--a comparison between injection and noninjection drug users in New York City
    Crystal M Fuller
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Urban Health 81:20-4. 2004
    ..Preventing or at least delaying transition into injection could increase opportunity to intervene. Identifying risk factors for transition into injection could inform early prevention to reduce onset of injection and risk of HCV...
  60. ncbi request reprint Hispanic ethnicity and post-traumatic stress disorder after a disaster: evidence from a general population survey after September 11, 2001
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 14:520-31. 2004
    ..To assess ethnic differences in the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after a disaster, and to assess the factors that may explain these differences...
  61. doi request reprint Changing corporate practices to reduce cancer disparities
    Nicholas Freudenberg
    Urban Public Health at Hunter College, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 19:26-40. 2008
    ..We conclude with recommendations for research, practice, and policy that could contribute to the development of less carcinogenic corporate practices...
  62. ncbi request reprint Was there unmet mental health need after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks?
    Jennifer Stuber
    The Division of Health and Science Policy, The New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:230-40. 2006
    ..Correlates of help seeking from professionals for mental health problems after the attacks and barriers to care were also assessed...
  63. pmc Correlates of illicit methadone use in New York City: a cross-sectional study
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:375. 2008
    ..We assessed the prevalence and examined correlates of lifetime and recent illicit methadone use in New York City (NYC)...
  64. pmc Racial/ethnic disparities in overdose mortality trends in New York City, 1990-1998
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029 5283, USA
    J Urban Health 80:201-11. 2003
    ....
  65. doi request reprint Bayesian hierarchical spatial modeling of substance abuse patterns following a mass trauma: the role of time and place
    Charlie DiMaggio
    Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, New York, New York, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 44:1725-43. 2009
    ..These methods hold promise for the characterization of disease risk where spatial patterning of exposures and outcomes may matter...
  66. pmc Social determinants and the health of drug users: socioeconomic status, homelessness, and incarceration
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY, 10029 5293, USA
    Public Health Rep 117:S135-45. 2002
    ..This article reviews the evidence on the adverse health consequences of low socioeconomic status, homelessness, and incarceration among drug users...
  67. pmc Estimating co-occurring behavioral trajectories within a neighborhood context: a case study of multivariate transition models for clustered data
    Magdalena Cerda
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:1190-203. 2008
    ..These models can prove instrumental in answering the persistent questions about possible sequential relations among problem behaviors...
  68. pmc Urbanization, urbanicity, and health
    David Vlahov
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029 5293, USA
    J Urban Health 79:S1-S12. 2002
    ..g., ecology, epidemiology, sociology). Cross-national research may provide insights about the key features of cities and how urbanization influences population health...
  69. ncbi request reprint Income distribution and risk of fatal drug overdose in New York City neighborhoods
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York 10024, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 70:139-48. 2003
    ..Disinvestment in social and economic resources in unequal neighborhoods may explain this association. Public health interventions related to overdose risk should pay particular attention to highly unequal neighborhoods...
  70. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in discrimination experiences and responses among minority substance users
    Thomas Minior
    Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York, USA
    Ethn Dis 13:521-7. 2003
    ..This study assessed differences in discrimination experiences and responses to discrimination between Black and Latino active substance users in New York City...
  71. pmc Smoking and the emergence of a stigmatized social status
    Jennifer Stuber
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 67:420-30. 2008
    ..These findings suggest important points of leverage to harness the powerful role of stigma in the smoking epidemic and raise concerns about the possible role of stigma in the production of smoking disparities...
  72. pmc Drug overdose: new insights, innovative surveillance, and promising interventions
    Sandro Galea
    Center of Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029 5283, USA
    J Urban Health 80:186-8. 2003
  73. ncbi request reprint Opiates, cocaine and alcohol combinations in accidental drug overdose deaths in New York City, 1990-98
    Phillip O Coffin
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York 10029, USA
    Addiction 98:739-47. 2003
    ..Multi-drug use has been documented as a key risk factor in overdose and overdose mortality in several studies. This study investigated the contribution of multiple drug combinations to overdose mortality trends...
  74. ncbi request reprint Access to resources for substance users in Harlem, New York City: service provider and client perspectives
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York 10029 5293, USA
    Health Educ Behav 29:296-311. 2002
    ..The authors also discuss survey results and how the URC will use these results to develop interventions...
  75. ncbi request reprint Development of a "survival" guide for substance users in Harlem, New York City
    Stephanie H Factor
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York 10029 5293, USA
    Health Educ Behav 29:312-25. 2002
    ..Substance users continue to shape the guide through ongoing art workshops. Dissemination and evaluation of the guide will continue to involve substance users, community service providers, and academics...
  76. ncbi request reprint Parental symptoms of common mental disorders and children's social, motor, and language development in sub-Saharan Africa
    Craig Hadley
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta 30322M, USA
    Ann Hum Biol 35:259-75. 2008
    ..Yet, little is known about the impact of household and caretaker variables in influencing developmental outcomes in rural, developing country settings...
  77. ncbi request reprint For the patient. Does discrimination affect the mental health of substance abusers?
    Thomas Minior
    Ethn Dis 13:549-50. 2003
  78. doi request reprint Understanding the health of populations and of individuals
    Sandro Galea
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, 109 Observatory, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Addiction 103:1063-4; discussion 1067-8. 2008
  79. pmc Fear of terrorism and preparedness in New York City 2 years after the attacks: implications for disaster planning and research
    Joseph A Boscarino
    Center for Health Research, Geisinger Health System, Danville, Pennsylvania 17822, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 12:505-13. 2006
    ..To help improve disaster planning and research, we studied psychosocial predictors of terrorism fear and preparedness among New York City residents after the World Trade Center disaster (WTCD)...
  80. ncbi request reprint Internet-based intervention for mental health and substance use problems in disaster-affected populations: a pilot feasibility study
    Kenneth J Ruggiero
    Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
    Behav Ther 37:190-205. 2006
    ..The intervention consisted of 7 modules: posttraumatic stress/panic, depression, generalized anxiety, alcohol use, marijuana use, drug use, and cigarette use. Feasibility data were promising and suggest the need for further evaluation...
  81. ncbi request reprint Social context and the psychobiology of posttraumatic stress
    Sandro Galea
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1214 S University, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1071:231-41. 2006
    ..An example of our own work illustrates the feasibility of the population-based sampling approach...
  82. pmc Community reentry: perceptions of people with substance use problems returning home from New York City jails
    Juliana van Olphen
    Department of Health Education, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue, HSS 312, San Francisco, CA, 94132, USA
    J Urban Health 83:372-81. 2006
    ..We discuss the implications of these findings for programs and policies that promote community reintegration of individuals returning from correctional facilities...
  83. pmc The urban environment and sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men
    Victoria Frye
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY, 10029, USA
    J Urban Health 83:308-24. 2006
    ..Conceptualizing sexual risk among MSM to include social and physical environmental characteristics provides a basis for generating novel and holistic disease prevention and health promotion interventions...
  84. ncbi request reprint What explains the association between neighborhood-level income inequality and the risk of fatal overdose in New York City?
    Arijit Nandi
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Soc Sci Med 63:662-74. 2006
    ..Implications of these findings for the reduction of drug overdose mortality associated with the distribution of income are discussed...
  85. ncbi request reprint Period and birth-cohort effects on age of first phencyclidine (PCP) use among drug users in New York City, 1960 to 2000
    Whitney K Bryant
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 16:266-72. 2006
    ..The aim of the study is to determine period and birth-cohort effects in the early initiation of phencyclidine (PCP) use in drug users in New York City (NYC)...
  86. ncbi request reprint Health status among emergency department patients approximately one year after consecutive disasters in New York City
    William George Fernandez
    Boston University School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 12:958-64. 2005
    ....
  87. ncbi request reprint Stigma, discrimination and the health of illicit drug users
    Jennifer Ahern
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 109 Observatory Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 88:188-96. 2007
    ..The association of stigma and discrimination with poor health among drug users suggests the need for debate on the relative risks and benefits of stigma and discrimination in this context...
  88. pmc Alcohol use in New York after the terrorist attacks: a study of the effects of psychological trauma on drinking behavior
    Joseph A Boscarino
    Division of Health and Science Policy, Room 552, The New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029 5293, United States
    Addict Behav 31:606-21. 2006
    ..Our study suggests that exposure to psychological trauma may be associated with increases in problem drinking long after exposure and deserves further investigation...
  89. pmc Challenges in understanding disparities in drug use and its consequences
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Urban Health 82:iii5-12. 2005
    ..Each of these challenges is discussed, and suggestions offered for future research that may help overcome them...
  90. pmc Do neighborhood economic characteristics, racial composition, and residential stability predict perceptions of stress associated with the physical and social environment? Findings from a multilevel analysis in Detroit
    Amy J Schulz
    University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    J Urban Health 85:642-61. 2008
    ....
  91. doi request reprint "Culture of drinking" and individual problems with alcohol use
    Jennifer Ahern
    Division of Epidemiology, University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health, Berkeley, CA 94720 7358, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:1041-9. 2008
    ..Analyses that consider social and structural factors that shape harmful drinking may inform efforts targeting the problematic aspects of alcohol consumption...
  92. pmc Drugs and firearm deaths in New York City, 1990-1998
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Urban Health 79:70-86. 2002
    ..These results suggest a complex role of drugs in firearm-related deaths...
  93. ncbi request reprint Trajectory and socioeconomic predictors of depression in a prospective study of residents of New York City
    John R Beard
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York City, NY, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 18:235-43. 2008
    ..We monitored symptoms of depression and assessed the factors associated with changing symptoms of depression in a population-based cohort over a 30 month period...
  94. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder in the general population after mass terrorist incidents: considerations about the nature of exposure
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    CNS Spectr 10:107-15. 2005
    ..Future research should consider mechanisms through which persons in the general population may be at risk for PTSD after such incidents...
  95. ncbi request reprint Drug and alcohol use as determinants of New York City homicide trends from 1990 to 1998
    A Kenneth J Tardiff
    Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University New York NY 10021, USA
    J Forensic Sci 50:470-4. 2005
    ....
  96. pmc Social determinants of the health of urban populations: methodologic considerations
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, USA
    J Urban Health 84:i42-53. 2007
    ..However, our focus will be on some of the more vulnerable urban populations who are most profoundly affected by SDH...
  97. ncbi request reprint Psychopathological consequences after a terrorist attack: an epidemiological study among victims, the general population, and police officers
    Rafael Gabriel
    Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain
    Eur Psychiatry 22:339-46. 2007
    ....
  98. ncbi request reprint Ecstasy use and its association with sexual behaviors among drug users in New York City
    Roberto A Novoa
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Community Health 30:331-43. 2005
    ..This study suggests that ecstasy use may be more prevalent among urban drug users. Ecstasy use in urban settings, beyond clubs and raves, should continue to be monitored...