Michael Schloter

Summary

Country: France

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Stimulation of soil nitrification and denitrification by grazing in grasslands: do changes in plant species composition matter?
    X Le Roux
    U M R 5557 Ecologie Microbienne U S C INRA 1196, bat 741, CNRS Université Lyon I, 43 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622, Villeurbanne, France
    Oecologia 137:417-25. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Effects of aboveground grazing on coupling among nitrifier activity, abundance and community structure
    Xavier Le Roux
    INRA, CNRS, Universite de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, UMR 5557 Ecologie Microbienne, Villeurbanne, France
    ISME J 2:221-32. 2008
  3. pmc Soil environmental conditions and microbial build-up mediate the effect of plant diversity on soil nitrifying and denitrifying enzyme activities in temperate grasslands
    Xavier Le Roux
    Universite de Lyon, INRA, CNRS, Universite Lyon 1, Microbial Ecology Centre, UMR 5557 CNRS, USC 1364 INRA, Villeurbanne, France
    PLoS ONE 8:e61069. 2013
  4. ncbi request reprint Shifts in microbial community functions and nitrifying communities as a result of combined application of copper and mefenoxam
    Joseph Demanou
    Laboratory of General Biology, Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 260:55-62. 2006
  5. pmc Increased abundance of IncP-1beta plasmids and mercury resistance genes in mercury-polluted river sediments: first discovery of IncP-1beta plasmids with a complex mer transposon as the sole accessory element
    Kornelia Smalla
    Federal Biological Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry BBA, Messeweg 11 12, 38104 Braunschweig, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:7253-9. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Quantification of functional genes from procaryotes in soil by PCR
    Shilpi Sharma
    Institute of Soil Ecology, GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, P O Box 1129, D 85764, Neuherberg, Germany
    J Microbiol Methods 68:445-52. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint A new cultivation independent approach to detect and monitor common Trichoderma species in soils
    Alexandra Hagn
    GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Soil Ecology, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, 85758 Neuherberg, Germany
    J Microbiol Methods 69:86-92. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Traditional cattle manure application determines abundance, diversity and activity of methanogenic Archaea in arable European soil
    Andreas Gattinger
    Institute of Soil Ecology, GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Ingolstadter Landstr 1, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Environ Microbiol 9:612-24. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Influence of ozone on litter quality and its subsequent effects on the initial structure of colonizing microbial communities
    Manish Kumar Aneja
    Institute of Soil Ecology, GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, P O Box 1129, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany
    Microb Ecol 54:151-60. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Response of soil microbial biomass and community structures to conventional and organic farming systems under identical crop rotations
    Jürgen Esperschütz
    GSF National Research Centre for Environment and Health, Institute of Soil Ecology, Neuherberg, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 61:26-37. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications33

  1. ncbi request reprint Stimulation of soil nitrification and denitrification by grazing in grasslands: do changes in plant species composition matter?
    X Le Roux
    U M R 5557 Ecologie Microbienne U S C INRA 1196, bat 741, CNRS Université Lyon I, 43 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622, Villeurbanne, France
    Oecologia 137:417-25. 2003
    ..Factors such as trampling, N returned in animal excreta, and/or modification of N uptake and C exudation by frequently defoliated plants could be responsible for the enhanced microbial activities...
  2. ncbi request reprint Effects of aboveground grazing on coupling among nitrifier activity, abundance and community structure
    Xavier Le Roux
    INRA, CNRS, Universite de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, UMR 5557 Ecologie Microbienne, Villeurbanne, France
    ISME J 2:221-32. 2008
    ..The results also suggest that taxonomic affiliation does not fully infer functional traits of AOB...
  3. pmc Soil environmental conditions and microbial build-up mediate the effect of plant diversity on soil nitrifying and denitrifying enzyme activities in temperate grasslands
    Xavier Le Roux
    Universite de Lyon, INRA, CNRS, Universite Lyon 1, Microbial Ecology Centre, UMR 5557 CNRS, USC 1364 INRA, Villeurbanne, France
    PLoS ONE 8:e61069. 2013
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Shifts in microbial community functions and nitrifying communities as a result of combined application of copper and mefenoxam
    Joseph Demanou
    Laboratory of General Biology, Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 260:55-62. 2006
    ..Patterns 1 and 5 were seen in 93% of the clones and clustered together with amoA sequences of Nitrosospira, indicating that Nitrosospira-like organisms are the major nitrifiers under mefenoxam treatments...
  5. pmc Increased abundance of IncP-1beta plasmids and mercury resistance genes in mercury-polluted river sediments: first discovery of IncP-1beta plasmids with a complex mer transposon as the sole accessory element
    Kornelia Smalla
    Federal Biological Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry BBA, Messeweg 11 12, 38104 Braunschweig, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:7253-9. 2006
    ..This transposon carries a rather complex set of mer genes and is inserted between Tra1 and Tra2...
  6. ncbi request reprint Quantification of functional genes from procaryotes in soil by PCR
    Shilpi Sharma
    Institute of Soil Ecology, GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, P O Box 1129, D 85764, Neuherberg, Germany
    J Microbiol Methods 68:445-52. 2007
    ..Finally, some examples from recent papers are given to demonstrate the applicability and usefulness of the different approaches...
  7. ncbi request reprint A new cultivation independent approach to detect and monitor common Trichoderma species in soils
    Alexandra Hagn
    GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Soil Ecology, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, 85758 Neuherberg, Germany
    J Microbiol Methods 69:86-92. 2007
    ..In a realtime PCR approach the primer set uTf/uTr also proved to be a suitable system to quantify DNA of Trichoderma spp. in soils...
  8. ncbi request reprint Traditional cattle manure application determines abundance, diversity and activity of methanogenic Archaea in arable European soil
    Andreas Gattinger
    Institute of Soil Ecology, GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Ingolstadter Landstr 1, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Environ Microbiol 9:612-24. 2007
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Influence of ozone on litter quality and its subsequent effects on the initial structure of colonizing microbial communities
    Manish Kumar Aneja
    Institute of Soil Ecology, GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, P O Box 1129, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany
    Microb Ecol 54:151-60. 2007
    ..As hypothesized, changed litter quality due to elevated O3 did influence the structure of litter-colonizing microbial communities. However, these differences were not as pronounced as those between the two plant species...
  10. ncbi request reprint Response of soil microbial biomass and community structures to conventional and organic farming systems under identical crop rotations
    Jürgen Esperschütz
    GSF National Research Centre for Environment and Health, Institute of Soil Ecology, Neuherberg, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 61:26-37. 2007
    ..Prokaryotic communities responded most strongly to either conventional or organic farming management...
  11. ncbi request reprint Changes in fungal community composition in response to vegetational succession during the natural regeneration of cutover peatlands
    Rebekka R E Artz
    The Macaulay Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, AB15 8QH, UK
    Microb Ecol 54:508-22. 2007
    ..Together, these results suggest that the fungal community composition of peat may be an important indicator of the status of regeneration and potential carbon sequestration of cutover peatlands...
  12. ncbi request reprint Recurrent soil freeze-thaw cycles enhance grassland productivity
    Juergen Kreyling
    Conservation Biology, UFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Permoserstr 15, D 04318 Leipzig, Germany
    New Phytol 177:938-45. 2008
    ..Changes in productivity resulting in an increased shoot-to-root ratio and shifts in timing are capable of altering ecosystem stability and ecosystem services, such as productivity and nutrient retention...
  13. doi request reprint Ochrobactrum rhizosphaerae sp. nov. and Ochrobactrum thiophenivorans sp. nov., isolated from the environment
    Peter Kampfer
    Institut fur Angewandte Mikrobiologie, Justus Liebig Universitat Giessen, D 35392 Giessen, Germany
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58:1426-31. 2008
    ..nov. (type strain PR17(T) =CCUG 55411(T) =CCM 7493(T) =DSM 19824(T)) and Ochrobactrum thiophenivorans sp. nov. (type strain DSM 7216(T) =CCUG 55412(T) =CCM 7492(T)) are proposed...
  14. pmc The isotope array, a new tool that employs substrate-mediated labeling of rRNA for determination of microbial community structure and function
    Justyna Adamczyk
    Lehrstuhl fur Mikrobiologie, Technische Universitat Munchen, D 85350 Freising, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 69:6875-87. 2003
    ....
  15. pmc Influence of freeze-thaw stress on the structure and function of microbial communities and denitrifying populations in soil
    Shilpi Sharma
    Institute of Soil Ecology, GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, P O Box 1129, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:2148-54. 2006
    ..Also, the results presented here support the belief that the gas fluxes observed during thawing is a result of freezing initiated high microbial activity...
  16. ncbi request reprint A new method for the detection of alkane-monooxygenase homologous genes (alkB) in soils based on PCR-hybridization
    Karin Kloos
    GSF National Research Centre for Environment and Health, Institute for Soil Ecology, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    J Microbiol Methods 66:486-96. 2006
    ..The majority of the cloned AlkB sequences were homologous to proteins from the Gram-positive bacteria. However, significant differences from published sequences were observed; homologies varied from 50% to 90% (identity of amino acids)...
  17. ncbi request reprint Genetic and phenotypic microdiversity of Ochrobactrum spp
    Stephan Bathe
    Institute of Water Quality Control and Waste Management, Technical University of Munich, Garching, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 56:272-80. 2006
    ..The results of genetic and phenotypic analyses indicated a 'rhizosphere effect'; the diversity and metabolic capacity of Ochrobactrum isolates were higher in bulk soil, and the population density was higher on the wheat rhizoplane...
  18. ncbi request reprint Effects of cattle husbandry on abundance and activity of methanogenic archaea in upland soils
    Viviane Radl
    Chair of Soil Ecology, Technical University of Munich, Oberschleissheim, Munich, Germany
    ISME J 1:443-52. 2007
    ..It can be concluded that after 5 months without cattle impact, the severely impact section maintained its methane production potential, whereas the methane production potential under moderate impact returned to background values...
  19. ncbi request reprint Detection methods for the expression of the dissimilatory copper-containing nitrite reductase gene (DnirK) in environmental samples
    Sigrun Metz
    Institute of Soil Ecology, GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Ingolstaedter Landstr 1, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    J Microbiol Methods 55:41-50. 2003
    ..However, the amount of expressed enzyme was not reduced in the cells, although the N(2)O production rates dropped in the cultures 12 h after the shift from aerobic to anaerobic conditions...
  20. pmc Diversity of transcripts of nitrite reductase genes (nirK and nirS) in rhizospheres of grain legumes
    Shilpi Sharma
    Institute of Soil Ecology, GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, P O Box 1129, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:2001-7. 2005
    ..The study revealed a hitherto unknown diversity of denitrifiers in legume rhizospheres. A plant-dependent rhizosphere effect on the transcripts of a gene was evident...
  21. doi request reprint Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships of bacteria belonging to the Ochrobactrum-Brucella group by recA and 16S rRNA gene-based comparative sequence analysis
    Holger C Scholz
    Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Neuherbergstrasse 11, D 80937 Munich, Germany
    Syst Appl Microbiol 31:1-16. 2008
    ..In summary, Ochrobactrum is a highly diverse genus comprising several novel species. We recommend recA- in addition to rrs gene-analysis for correct species allocation and subtyping of novel Ochrobactrum isolates...
  22. ncbi request reprint Community structure in a methanotroph biofilter as revealed by phospholipid fatty acid analysis
    Julia Gebert
    Institute of Soil Science, University of Hamburg, Allende Platz 2, 20146 Hamburg, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 240:61-8. 2004
    ..This indicates the development of a highly specific methanotrophic population, presumably as a result of the adaption to continuous organic trace gas exposure...
  23. doi request reprint Endophytic root colonization of gramineous plants by Herbaspirillum frisingense
    Michael Rothballer
    Department Microbe Plant Interactions, Helmholtz Center Munich, German Research Center for Environmental Health GmbH, Munich, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 66:85-95. 2008
    ..frisingense as a true plant endophyte and, although initial greenhouse experiments did not lead to clear plant growth stimulation, demonstrate the potential of this species for beneficial effects on the growth of crop plants...
  24. ncbi request reprint Short-term effects of amoxicillin on bacterial communities in manured soil
    Chu Thi Thanh Binh
    Federal Biological Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Braunschweig, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 62:290-302. 2007
    ..Molecular fingerprint analysis of 16S rRNA gene fragments amplified from soil DNA revealed significant effects of manure and amoxicillin on the bacterial community of both soils...
  25. ncbi request reprint Activity profiling of ectomycorrhiza communities in two forest soils using multiple enzymatic tests
    Pierre Emmanuel Courty
    Unité Mixte de Recherche INRA UHP 1136 Interactions Arbres Microorganismes, F 54280 Champenoux, France
    New Phytol 167:309-19. 2005
    ..By including a higher number of different assays for more detailed analyses, ECM activity profiling will provide a valuable tool for studying the functional diversity of ECM communities...
  26. ncbi request reprint Structural and functional diversity of microbial communities from a lake sediment contaminated with trenbolone, an endocrine-disrupting chemical
    Viviane Radl
    GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Soil Ecology, PO Box 1129, D 85764, Neuherberg, Germany
    Environ Pollut 137:345-53. 2005
    ..Overall results indicate that microbial community function was more sensitive to TBOH treatment than the community structure and the total gene pool...
  27. ncbi request reprint Comparative sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer 1 of Ochrobactrum species
    Michael Lebuhn
    GSF National Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Soil Ecology, Ingolstaedter Landstr 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Syst Appl Microbiol 29:265-75. 2006
    ..Diversity of Ochrobactrum was higher in soil than at the rhizoplane below and at the species level. Isolates from soil contained only 1 rrn type whereas isolates from human clinical, animal and rhizoplane specimens could contain more...
  28. ncbi request reprint Microbial activity in an acid resin deposit: biodegradation potential and ecotoxicology in an extremely acidic hydrocarbon contamination
    Karin Kloos
    Department of Microbiology, University of Bayreuth, Universitatsstrasse 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany
    Environ Pollut 144:136-44. 2006
    ..With a simple ecotoxicological approach it could be shown that the pure acid resin that formed the major part of the core deposit, was toxic to the indigenous microflora due to its extremely low pH of 0-1...
  29. ncbi request reprint Genotyping of Ochrobactrum anthropi by recA-based comparative sequence, PCR-RFLP, and 16S rRNA gene analysis
    Holger C Scholz
    Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Munich, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 257:7-16. 2006
    ..In summary, recA-sequence analysis provides a new reliable molecular subtyping tool to study the phylogeny of the Ochrobactrum taxon at both the inter- and intraspecies level...
  30. ncbi request reprint Ochrobactrum oryzae sp. nov., an endophytic bacterial species isolated from deep-water rice in India
    Anil K Tripathi
    School of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 56:1677-80. 2006
    ..On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics and the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the novel species Ochrobactrum oryzae sp. nov. is proposed, with MTCC 4195(T) (=DSM 17471(T)) as the type strain...
  31. ncbi request reprint Anatomical and molecular characterization of Lactarius aff. omphaliformis, Russula alnijorullensis and Cortinarius tucumanensis ectomycorrhizae on Alnus acuminata
    Alejandra Becerra
    Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal CONICET, Cordoba, Argentina
    Mycologia 97:1047-57. 2005
    ..C. tucumanensis ECM exhibit a white (silvery) to yellowish brown mantle covered with soil particles, emanating hyphae with clamps...
  32. ncbi request reprint Microbial colonization of beech and spruce litter--influence of decomposition site and plant litter species on the diversity of microbial community
    Manish Kumar Aneja
    Institute of Soil Ecology, GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, PO Box 1129, D 85764, Neuherberg, Germany
    Microb Ecol 52:127-35. 2006
    ..The study provides an insight into the bacterial and fungal communities colonizing beech and spruce litter, and the importance of litter quality and decomposition site as key factors in their development and succession...
  33. ncbi request reprint RNA fingerprinting--a new method to screen for differences in plant litter degrading microbial communities
    Manish K Aneja
    GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Soil Ecology, PO Box 1129, Neuherberg D 85764, Germany
    J Microbiol Methods 59:223-31. 2004
    ....