Olivier Hanon

Summary

Country: France

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint [Hypertension and dementia]
    O Hanon
    EA 4468 Inserm, Service de Geriatrie, Universite Paris Descartes, Hopital Broca, AP HP, 54 56, rue Pascal, 75013 Paris, France Electronic address
    Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) 63:204-8. 2014
  2. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of memory disorders in ambulatory patients aged ≥70 years with chronic heart failure (from the EFICARE study)
    Olivier Hanon
    Service de Gerontologie, Hopital Broca, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Paris, France Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe d Accueil EA 4468, Paris, France Electronic address
    Am J Cardiol 113:1205-10. 2014
  3. ncbi request reprint [Expert consensus of the French society of geriatrics and gerontology and the French society of cardiology on the management of atrial fibrillation in elderly people]
    Olivier Hanon
    Société française de gériatrie et gérontologie, France
    Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil 11:117-43. 2013
  4. doi request reprint [Specificities of heart failure in the elderly]
    Olivier Hanon
    Université Paris Descartes 5, EA 4468, 15, rue de l Ecole de Medecine, 75006 Paris, France
    Presse Med 42:995-1002. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Expert consensus of the French Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology and the French Society of Cardiology on the management of atrial fibrillation in elderly people
    Olivier Hanon
    Société française de gériatrie et gérontologie, Suresnes, France AP HP, Hopital Broca, Service de Gerontologie, Paris, France
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 106:303-23. 2013
  6. ncbi request reprint [Assessment of antihypertensive monotherapies effectiveness by home blood pressure self-measurement in hypertensive patients]
    O Hanon
    Comité français de lutte contre l hypertension artérielle CFLHTA, 5, rue des colonnes du Trône, 75012 Paris, France
    Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) 61:218-23. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Effects of hypertension therapy based on eprosartan on systolic arterial blood pressure and cognitive function: primary results of the Observational Study on Cognitive function And Systolic Blood Pressure Reduction open-label study
    Olivier Hanon
    University Paris Descartes, Department of Geriatrics, Broca Hospital, Paris, France
    J Hypertens 26:1642-50. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint [Hypertension in the elderly and risk of dementia]
    Olivier Hanon
    Universite Paris Descartes, Service de Geriatrie, Hopital Broca, AP HP, 75013, Paris
    Rev Prat 60:649-53. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint [Coronary artery disease in patient 80 years and older]
    Olivier Hanon
    Departement de Geriatrie, Hopital Broca, Université de Paris Descartes 5, 75013 Paris, France
    Rev Prat 58:1565-70. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Consensus of the French Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics and the French Society of Cardiology for the management of coronary artery disease in older adults
    Olivier Hanon
    Department of Geriatrics, Universite Paris Descartes, Hopital Broca, 54 56, rue Pascal, 75013 Paris, France
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 102:829-45. 2009

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. ncbi request reprint [Hypertension and dementia]
    O Hanon
    EA 4468 Inserm, Service de Geriatrie, Universite Paris Descartes, Hopital Broca, AP HP, 54 56, rue Pascal, 75013 Paris, France Electronic address
    Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) 63:204-8. 2014
    ..A meta-analysis including randomized controlled studies, suggests a significant decrease in the risk of dementia with antihypertensive treatment compared to placebo. ..
  2. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of memory disorders in ambulatory patients aged ≥70 years with chronic heart failure (from the EFICARE study)
    Olivier Hanon
    Service de Gerontologie, Hopital Broca, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Paris, France Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe d Accueil EA 4468, Paris, France Electronic address
    Am J Cardiol 113:1205-10. 2014
    ..In conclusion, memory impairment in older patients with HF is common. The use of a simple-to-use tool such as the MIS-D may identify patients at risk and enable implementation of management strategies to improve therapeutic compliance...
  3. ncbi request reprint [Expert consensus of the French society of geriatrics and gerontology and the French society of cardiology on the management of atrial fibrillation in elderly people]
    Olivier Hanon
    Société française de gériatrie et gérontologie, France
    Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil 11:117-43. 2013
    ..The management of AF also involves the treatment of underlying cardiomyopathy and heart rate control rather than rhythm control strategy as first-line therapy in the elderly. ..
  4. doi request reprint [Specificities of heart failure in the elderly]
    Olivier Hanon
    Université Paris Descartes 5, EA 4468, 15, rue de l Ecole de Medecine, 75006 Paris, France
    Presse Med 42:995-1002. 2013
    ..Therefore, monitoring of heart failure in the elderly, involves multidisciplinary collaboration between cardiologists, geriatricians, general practitioners, pharmacists and paramedical team...
  5. doi request reprint Expert consensus of the French Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology and the French Society of Cardiology on the management of atrial fibrillation in elderly people
    Olivier Hanon
    Société française de gériatrie et gérontologie, Suresnes, France AP HP, Hopital Broca, Service de Gerontologie, Paris, France
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 106:303-23. 2013
    ..Antiarrhythmic drugs should be used carefully in elderly patients because of the frequency of metabolic abnormalities and higher risk of drug interactions and bradycardia...
  6. ncbi request reprint [Assessment of antihypertensive monotherapies effectiveness by home blood pressure self-measurement in hypertensive patients]
    O Hanon
    Comité français de lutte contre l hypertension artérielle CFLHTA, 5, rue des colonnes du Trône, 75012 Paris, France
    Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) 61:218-23. 2012
    ..To evaluate the blood pressure (BP) control and the efficacy of antihypertensive monotherapy using home BP self-measurement in a French population of treated hypertensive subjects in 2007 2009 and 2010...
  7. doi request reprint Effects of hypertension therapy based on eprosartan on systolic arterial blood pressure and cognitive function: primary results of the Observational Study on Cognitive function And Systolic Blood Pressure Reduction open-label study
    Olivier Hanon
    University Paris Descartes, Department of Geriatrics, Broca Hospital, Paris, France
    J Hypertens 26:1642-50. 2008
    ..Recent studies have indicated a relationship between hypertension and cognitive function but therapeutic trials of antihypertensive therapy on the prevention of cognitive disorders have produced controversial findings...
  8. ncbi request reprint [Hypertension in the elderly and risk of dementia]
    Olivier Hanon
    Universite Paris Descartes, Service de Geriatrie, Hopital Broca, AP HP, 75013, Paris
    Rev Prat 60:649-53. 2010
    ..e those who already have mild cognitive impairment or extensive cerebral white matter lesions, in order to optimize blood pressure control and monitor cognitive function (regular cognitive assessment, drugs adherence)...
  9. ncbi request reprint [Coronary artery disease in patient 80 years and older]
    Olivier Hanon
    Departement de Geriatrie, Hopital Broca, Université de Paris Descartes 5, 75013 Paris, France
    Rev Prat 58:1565-70. 2008
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Consensus of the French Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics and the French Society of Cardiology for the management of coronary artery disease in older adults
    Olivier Hanon
    Department of Geriatrics, Universite Paris Descartes, Hopital Broca, 54 56, rue Pascal, 75013 Paris, France
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 102:829-45. 2009
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Relationship between arterial stiffness and cognitive function in elderly subjects with complaints of memory loss
    Olivier Hanon
    Universite Paris Descartes, Department of Geriatrics, Hopital Broca, Paris, France
    Stroke 36:2193-7. 2005
    ..To evaluate the relationship between arterial stiffness and cognitive function in a population of elderly subjects reporting memory loss...
  12. ncbi request reprint Relationship between antihypertensive drug therapy and cognitive function in elderly hypertensive patients with memory complaints
    Olivier Hanon
    Universite Paris Descartes, Department of Geriatrics, Hopital Broca, Paris, France
    J Hypertens 24:2101-7. 2006
    ..To evaluate the relationship between antihypertensive treatments and cognitive function in elderly hypertensive patients with memory complaints...
  13. doi request reprint Contemporary management of octogenarians hospitalized for heart failure in Europe: Euro Heart Failure Survey II
    Michel Komajda
    AP HP, Department of Cardiology, Pitie Salpetriere Hospital, University Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6, Paris, France
    Eur Heart J 30:478-86. 2009
    ..International guidelines are frequently not implemented in the elderly population with heart failure (HF). This study determined the management of octogenarians with HF enrolled in Euro Heart Failure Survey II (EHFS II) (2004-05)...
  14. ncbi request reprint Prevention of dementia and cerebroprotection with antihypertensive drugs
    Olivier Hanon
    Hopital Broca, CHU Cochin Port Royal, Universite Rene Descartes, Paris V, 54 56 Rue Pascal, 75013 Paris, France
    Curr Hypertens Rep 6:201-7. 2004
    ..In this context, reduced incidence of dementia should be the primary outcome of future trials comparing different classes of antihypertensive drugs...
  15. doi request reprint Renal function in older hospital patients is more accurately estimated using the Cockcroft-Gault formula than the modification diet in renal disease formula
    Renaud Pequignot
    Service de Geriatrie, Hôpital Charles Foix and Université Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6, Ivry sur Seine, France, and Service de Médecine et de Réadaptation, Hopital National, Saint Maurice, France
    J Am Geriatr Soc 57:1638-43. 2009
    ..To compare the accuracy of the two most popular creatinine clearance (CrCl) estimation formulae (Cockcroft-Gault (CG) and Modification Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD)) in older hospitalized patients...
  16. doi request reprint Heart disease and changes in pulse wave velocity and pulse pressure amplification in the elderly over 80 years: the PARTAGE Study
    Paolo Salvi
    Department of Geriatrics, University Hospital of Nancy, Vandoeuvre les Nancy, France
    J Hypertens 28:2127-33. 2010
    ..The aim of the current research was to determine the influence of PPA and PWV, both manifestations of arterial stiffness, on heart disease in the elderly...
  17. doi request reprint Blood pressure and pulse wave velocity values in the institutionalized elderly aged 80 and over: baseline of the PARTAGE study
    Athanase Benetos
    Department of Geriatrics, University Hospital of Nancy, Nancy, France
    J Hypertens 28:41-50. 2010
    ..In the study herein, we present the baseline data values of this study...
  18. doi request reprint Effects of antihypertensive therapy on cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease
    Emmanuelle Duron
    Department of Geriatrics, University Descartes Paris 5, Broca Hospital, Paris, France
    Am J Hypertens 22:1020-4. 2009
    ..Our objective was to evaluate the impact of antihypertensive therapy on the cognitive function in subjects already diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
  19. ncbi request reprint Insulin-Like Growth Factor I, Insulin-like Growth factor Binding Protein 3, and Atrial Fibrillation in the Elderly
    Emmanuelle Duron
    Department of Geriatrics, AP HP, Broca Hospital, Paris, France Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, EA 4468, Paris, France INSERM, UMR S894, Centre de Psychiatrie et Neuroscience, Paris, France
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 69:1025-32. 2014
    ..The objective of this analysis was to assess, the relationship between IGF-I and IGFBP-3 serum levels and AF among elderly participants...
  20. ncbi request reprint Apolipoprotein E epsilon4 allele frequency in elderly depressed patients with and without cerebrovascular disease
    Latchezar Traykov
    Hopital Broca, Paris, France
    J Neurol Sci 257:280-3. 2007
    ..In contrast, the results show no association between the presence of ApoE epsilon4 allele and vascular depression and provide further evidence in support of the concept that ApoE epsilon4 allele is not associated with clinical CVD...
  21. doi request reprint Comparison between the three most popular formulae to estimate renal function, in subjects 75 years of age or older
    Sophie Chauvelier
    Service de Geriatrie, Hôpital Charles Foix et Université UPMC Paris, Ivry sur Seine, France
    Drugs Aging 29:885-90. 2012
    ....
  22. doi request reprint Insulin-like growth factor-I and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 in Alzheimer's disease
    Emmanuelle Duron
    Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Broca Hospital, Department of Geriatrics, 54 56 Rue Pascal, 75013 Paris, France
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 97:4673-81. 2012
    ..Few large studies have been conducted to assess the relationship between circulating IGF and late-life cognition...
  23. ncbi request reprint Relationship between blood pressure and depression in the elderly. The Three-City Study
    Hermine Lenoir
    INSERM U708, and Department of Geriatrics, Broca Hospital, 54 56 Rue Pascal, Paris, France
    J Hypertens 26:1765-72. 2008
    ..To examine the relationship between blood pressure and depression in a large sample of noninstitutionalized elderly people...
  24. doi request reprint [Atrial fibrillation and cognitive function]
    Emmanuelle Duron
    Hopital Broca, Paris
    Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil 8:209-14. 2010
    ..Thus, there is some evidence that FA could be associated with cognitive decline and dementia but this link should be supported by more powerful long term longitudinal studies...
  25. pmc Does cognitive function increase over time in the healthy elderly?
    Jocelyne De Rotrou
    Service de Gerontologie, Hopital Broca, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Paris, France Equipe d Accueil 4468, Universite Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France
    PLoS ONE 8:e78646. 2013
    ..Few studies have focused on modifications over time of the cognitive function in the healthy elderly. The objective of the present study was to analyze the cognitive function changes of two different samples, born > 15 years apart...
  26. pmc Vascular risk factors, cognitive decline, and dementia
    E Duron
    Broca Hospital, Paris, France
    Vasc Health Risk Manag 4:363-81. 2008
    ..Vascular risk factors and their treatments are a promising avenue of research for prevention of dementia, and further long-term, placebo-controlled, randomized studies, need to be performed...
  27. ncbi request reprint [Novel oral anticoagulants and atrial fibrillation in the elderly]
    Olivier Hanon
    Service de Gerontologie, Hopital Broca, Paris, France
    Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil 11:34-40. 2013
    ..Studies specifically conducted among geriatric older population with poly-pathologies and frail are therefore needed to evaluate tolerance of NOAC in real life conditions. ..
  28. doi request reprint Home blood pressure measurement in elderly patients with cognitive impairment: comparison of agreement between relative-measured blood pressure and automated blood pressure measurement
    Matthieu Plichart
    Department of Gerontology II, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Broca Hospital, Paris, France
    Blood Press Monit 18:208-14. 2013
    ..Our aim was to assess the agreement and the feasibility of HBPM by a relative as compared with 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in elderly patients with dementia...
  29. doi request reprint Management of hypertension in adults: the 2013 French Society of Hypertension guidelines
    Jacques Blacher
    Société Française d Hypertension Artérielle, Maison du Cœur, 5 rue des Colonnes du Trône, 75012, Paris, France
    Fundam Clin Pharmacol 28:1-9. 2014
    ..We hope that a vast dissemination of these simple guidelines will help to improve hypertension control in the French population from 50% to 70%, an objective expected to be achieved in 2015 in France...
  30. ncbi request reprint Hypertension and dementia
    Olivier Hanon
    Hopital Broca, CHU Cochin Port Royal, Universite Rene Descartes, Paris V, 54 56 Rue Pascal, 75013 Paris, France
    Curr Cardiol Rep 5:435-40. 2003
    ..Data from recent therapeutic trials open the way to the prevention of dementia (vascular or Alzheimer's type) by antihypertensive treatments and must be confirmed by other studies...
  31. doi request reprint Relationship between orthostatic hypotension and cognitive impairment in the elderly
    Shima Mehrabian
    Universite Paris Descartes, Department of Geriatrics, Hopital Broca, 54 56 Rue Pascal, 75013 Paris, France
    J Neurol Sci 299:45-8. 2010
    ..To determine the relationship between orthostatic hypotension (OH) and cognitive function in elderly subjects with memory complaints...
  32. doi request reprint [Hypertension in the elderly: particularities and precautions]
    Olivier Hanon
    Université Paris Descartes 5, Departement de Geriatrie, Hopital Broca, F 75013 Paris, France
    Presse Med 38:614-20. 2009
    ..Cognitive function should be assessed in patients with hypertension older than 80 years, with the MMSE (Mini-Mental-State-Examination) to assess the risk of poor adherence, in view of the increased risk of dementia...
  33. ncbi request reprint Antihypertensive treatments, cognitive decline, and dementia
    Emmanuelle Duron
    Department of Geriatrics, University Paris Descartes, Broca Hospital, AP HP, France
    J Alzheimers Dis 20:903-14. 2010
    ..A low blood pressure threshold that could be deleterious for cognitive function should also be determined...
  34. ncbi request reprint [What is the current use of vitamin K antagonists in the elderly?]
    Jean Sébastien Vidal
    Service de Gerontologie, Hopital Broca, Paris, France
    Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil 11:17-22. 2013
    ..A conservative approach would be to maintain VKA to older patients with stable INR. Lastly VKA are the only anticoagulant usable in case of severe renal failure and valvular fibrillation. ..
  35. ncbi request reprint Use of vitamin K antagonist therapy in geriatrics: a French national survey from the French Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology (SFGG)
    Matthieu Plichart
    French Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Suresnes, France
    Drugs Aging 30:1019-28. 2013
    ..We aimed to evaluate the quality and determinants of vitamin K antagonists (VKA) control among very elderly patients in geriatric settings...
  36. ncbi request reprint Prevention of dementia: lessons from SYST-EUR and PROGRESS
    Olivier Hanon
    Department of Geriatrics, Hopital Broca, CHU Cochin Port Royal, Universite Rene Descartes, Paris V, 54 56 Rue Pascal, 75013 Paris, France
    J Neurol Sci 226:71-4. 2004
    ..With the dihydropyridine calcium antagonists, a reduction in both Alzheimer's type and vascular dementia was demonstrated...
  37. ncbi request reprint [Difficulty in assessing renal function in elderly hypertensive patients. Results of a survey in the geriatric environment]
    Olivier Hanon
    Service de Gerontologie, Hopital Broca, 54 56 Rue Pascal, 75013 Paris
    Presse Med 31:1071-80. 2002
    ....
  38. doi request reprint Impact of comorbidity on medication use in elderly patients with cardiovascular diseases: the OCTOCARDIO study
    Ghassan Moubarak
    Groupe Hospitalier Paris Saint Joseph, Paris, France
    Eur J Prev Cardiol 20:524-30. 2013
    ..Recommended medications are under-prescribed in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), coronary artery disease (CAD), and congestive heart failure (CHF). The relationship between under-prescribing and comorbidity is unclear...
  39. doi request reprint Masked hypertension in the elderly: cross-sectional analysis of a population-based sample
    Cécilia Cacciolati
    INSERM, U708, Paris, France
    Am J Hypertens 24:674-80. 2011
    ..However, MHT is poorly known in the elderly, although this age segment is at high risk of hypertension-related vascular events. Our objectives were to assess frequency and determinants of MHT in the elderly...
  40. ncbi request reprint Cognitive decline and dementia in the elderly hypertensive
    Olivier Hanon
    Department of Geriatrics, Hôspital Broca, Paris, France
    J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst 3:S32-8. 2002
  41. ncbi request reprint Antihypertensive drugs and cognitive function
    Anne Sophie Rigaud
    Hopital Broca, CHU Cochin Port Royal, Universite Rene Descartes, Paris V, 54 56 Rue Pascal, 75013 Paris, France
    Curr Hypertens Rep 4:211-5. 2002
    ..The fact that antihypertensive treatment has been demonstrated to decrease those risks offers a new opportunity to reduce the prevalence of such related disorders and to promote healthy aging...
  42. doi request reprint Categories of hypertension in the elderly and their 1-year evolution. The Three-City Study
    Cécilia Cacciolati
    INSERM, Neuroepidemiology, Bordeaux, France
    J Hypertens 31:680-9. 2013
    ....
  43. doi request reprint Feasibility of home blood pressure measurement in elderly individuals: cross-sectional analysis of a population-based sample
    Cécilia Cacciolati
    INSERM, Neuroepidemiology U708, Bordeaux, France
    Am J Hypertens 25:1279-85. 2012
    ..However, feasibility of HBPM in this age group has not been fully established. Our objective was therefore to assess HBPM feasibility in elderly individuals of the general population...
  44. ncbi request reprint Management of octogenarians hospitalized for heart failure in Euro Heart Failure Survey I
    Michel Komajda
    Department of Cardiology, Pitie Salpetriere Hospital, University Pierre et Marie Curie, 47 83 boulevard de l Hopital, 75013 Paris, France
    Eur Heart J 28:1310-8. 2007
    ..Here, the aim is to study the management of octogenarians hospitalized for heart failure in Euro Heart Failure Survey I. Heart Failure (HF) is common in older people and associated with poor outcome...
  45. doi request reprint [Management of arterial hypertension in adults: 2013 guidelines of the French Society of Arterial Hypertension]
    Jacques Blacher
    5, rue des colonnes du Trône, 75012 Paris, France
    Presse Med 42:819-25. 2013
    ..These guidelines include the following 15 recommendations, divided in three chapters, according to the timing of the medical management...
  46. doi request reprint Occupational status moderates the association between current perceived stress and high blood pressure: evidence from the IPC cohort study
    Emmanuel Wiernik
    Unité de Psychologie et Psychiatrie de liaison et d urgence, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
    Hypertension 61:571-7. 2013
    ..The association between current perceived stress and BP depends on occupational status. This interaction may account for previous conflicting results and warrants further studies to explore its underlying mechanisms...
  47. ncbi request reprint [Management of hypertension in the very elderly]
    Olivier Hanon
    Service de Geriatrie, Hopital Broca, CHU Cochin Port Royal, Universite Rene Descartes, Paris V, 54 56 Rue Pascal, 75013 Paris
    Presse Med 35:1047-53. 2006
    ..Most often, very elderly hypertensive patients will require two antihypertensive drugs for adequate blood pressure control. Generally their regimen should not include more than 3 antihypertensive drugs (including a thiazide diuretic)...
  48. ncbi request reprint [Heart failure, a disease of the elderly]
    Olivier Hanon
    Service de cardiologie, Hopital Broca, Paris
    Presse Med 33:1079-82. 2004
    ..This work-up must assess the cognitive function, autonomy, somatic status, living conditions and the medico-social management of these patients...
  49. ncbi request reprint Improvement of impaired coronary vasodilator reserve in hypertensive patients by low-dose ACE inhibitor/diuretic therapy: a pilot PET study
    Jean Jacques Mourad
    St Michel Hospital, Paris, France
    J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst 4:94-5. 2003
  50. ncbi request reprint Rationale, design and methods of the OSCAR study: observational study on cognitive function and systolic blood pressure reduction in hypertensive patients
    Atul Pathak
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital of Toulouse, Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France
    Fundam Clin Pharmacol 21:199-205. 2007
    ..The OSCAR trial is the first international observational study focusing on MMSE in a wide international cohort of hypertensive patients. The results are expected in 2007...
  51. ncbi request reprint How to limit screening of patients for atheromatous renal artery stenosis in two-drug resistant hypertension?
    Michel Ducher
    E Herriot Hospital, Claude Bernard University, Lyon, France
    J Nephrol 18:161-5. 2005
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint Executive functions deficit in mild cognitive impairment
    Latchezar Traykov
    Hopital Henri Mondor, Department of Neurology, University Paris XII, Creteil, France
    Cogn Behav Neurol 20:219-24. 2007
    ....