F Cliquet

Summary

Country: France

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Efficacy and bait acceptance of vaccinia vectored rabies glycoprotein vaccine in captive foxes (Vulpes vulpes), raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) and dogs (Canis familiaris)
    F Cliquet
    AFSSA NANCY Laboratory of Research on Rabies and Wildlife Diseases, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, Technopole Agricole et Vétérinaire, B P 40009, 54220 Malzeville, France
    Vaccine 26:4627-38. 2008
  2. ncbi request reprint ELISA test for rabies antibody titration in orally vaccinated foxes sampled in the fields
    F Cliquet
    AFSSA Nancy, Laboratoire d études sur la rage et la pathologie des animaux sauvages, B P 9, 54220 Malzeville, France
    Vaccine 18:3272-9. 2000
  3. ncbi request reprint Safety and efficacy of the oral rabies vaccine SAG2 in raccoon dogs
    F Cliquet
    AFSSA Nancy, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies, Community Reference Laboratory for Rabies Serology, Domaine de Pixerecourt, Malzeville, France
    Vaccine 24:4386-92. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint A quantitative indirect ELISA to monitor the effectiveness of rabies vaccination in domestic and wild carnivores
    A Servat
    AFSSA Nancy, Laboratoire d Etudes et de Recherches sur la Rage et la Pathologie des Animaux Sauvages, Domaine de Pixerecourt, B P 9 54220 Malzéville, France
    J Immunol Methods 318:1-10. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of a square presentation of V-RG vaccine baits in red fox, domestic dog and raccoon dog
    F Cliquet
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies, AFSSA, Malzeville, France
    Dev Biol (Basel) 131:257-64. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Experimental infection of foxes with European bat lyssaviruses type-1 and -2
    E Picard-Meyer
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies, AFSSA, Malzeville, France
    Dev Biol (Basel) 131:339-45. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Kinetics of humoral immune response after rabies VR-G oral vaccination of captive fox cubs (Vulpes vulpes) with or without maternally derived antibodies against the vaccine
    E Blasco
    Agence Francaise de Securite Sanitaire des Aliments, AFSSA Nancy, Domaine de Pixerecourt, B P 9, F 54220, Malzeville, France
    Vaccine 19:4805-15. 2001
  8. doi request reprint International interlaboratory trials on rabies diagnosis: an overview of results and variation in reference diagnosis techniques (fluorescent antibody test, rabies tissue culture infection test, mouse inoculation test) and molecular biology techniques
    E Robardet
    French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety Anses, Nancy Laboratory for Rabies and Wildlife, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies, European Union Reference Laboratory for Rabies, European Union Reference Institute for Rabies Serology, Technopole Agricole et Vétérinaire, BP 40009, 54220 Malzéville cedex, France
    J Virol Methods 177:15-25. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint Use of filter paper (FTA) technology for sampling, recovery and molecular characterisation of rabies viruses
    E Picard-Meyer
    National Laboratory of Research on Rabies and Wildlife Diseases, Community Reference Institute for Rabies Serology, AFSSA Nancy, BP 40009, F 54220 Malzéville, France
    J Virol Methods 140:174-82. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Inter-laboratory trial to evaluate the reproducibility of a new ELISA to detect rabies antibodies in vaccinated domestic and wild carnivores
    A Servat
    WHO collabarating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, Community Reference Institute for Rabies Serology, Technopole Agricole et Vétérinaire, BP 40009, 54220 Malzéville cedex, France
    Biologicals 36:19-26. 2008

Detail Information

Publications44

  1. doi request reprint Efficacy and bait acceptance of vaccinia vectored rabies glycoprotein vaccine in captive foxes (Vulpes vulpes), raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) and dogs (Canis familiaris)
    F Cliquet
    AFSSA NANCY Laboratory of Research on Rabies and Wildlife Diseases, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, Technopole Agricole et Vétérinaire, B P 40009, 54220 Malzeville, France
    Vaccine 26:4627-38. 2008
    ..The square RABORAL V-RG bait, however, was consumed more effectively than the rectangular RABORAL V-RG bait by the raccoon dog...
  2. ncbi request reprint ELISA test for rabies antibody titration in orally vaccinated foxes sampled in the fields
    F Cliquet
    AFSSA Nancy, Laboratoire d études sur la rage et la pathologie des animaux sauvages, B P 9, 54220 Malzeville, France
    Vaccine 18:3272-9. 2000
    ..In view of this validation, this simple and reliable test is proposed for sero-surveying foxes following rabies oral vaccination campaigns...
  3. ncbi request reprint Safety and efficacy of the oral rabies vaccine SAG2 in raccoon dogs
    F Cliquet
    AFSSA Nancy, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies, Community Reference Laboratory for Rabies Serology, Domaine de Pixerecourt, Malzeville, France
    Vaccine 24:4386-92. 2006
    ..All 28 vaccinated animals developed high rabies neutralizing antibody titres. After virulent challenge, all 11 controls succumbed to rabies, whereas all 28 vaccinates survived...
  4. ncbi request reprint A quantitative indirect ELISA to monitor the effectiveness of rabies vaccination in domestic and wild carnivores
    A Servat
    AFSSA Nancy, Laboratoire d Etudes et de Recherches sur la Rage et la Pathologie des Animaux Sauvages, Domaine de Pixerecourt, B P 9 54220 Malzéville, France
    J Immunol Methods 318:1-10. 2007
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of a square presentation of V-RG vaccine baits in red fox, domestic dog and raccoon dog
    F Cliquet
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies, AFSSA, Malzeville, France
    Dev Biol (Basel) 131:257-64. 2008
    ..All vaccinated raccoon dogs seroconverted after challenge and all survived the challenge. These trials demonstrated that the square presentation of the V-RG vaccine was attractive, immunogenic and efficacious...
  6. ncbi request reprint Experimental infection of foxes with European bat lyssaviruses type-1 and -2
    E Picard-Meyer
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies, AFSSA, Malzeville, France
    Dev Biol (Basel) 131:339-45. 2008
    ..0 log). This data suggests that the susceptibility of foxes to EBLV-1 and EBLV-2 is low and that the transmission (spillover) and adaptation of EBLVs from a bat to a fox may be theoretically possible but unlikely...
  7. ncbi request reprint Kinetics of humoral immune response after rabies VR-G oral vaccination of captive fox cubs (Vulpes vulpes) with or without maternally derived antibodies against the vaccine
    E Blasco
    Agence Francaise de Securite Sanitaire des Aliments, AFSSA Nancy, Domaine de Pixerecourt, B P 9, F 54220, Malzeville, France
    Vaccine 19:4805-15. 2001
    ..Provided a vaccine-bait suitable for such young cubs exists, oral vaccination at den entrances with VR-G is a feasibility...
  8. doi request reprint International interlaboratory trials on rabies diagnosis: an overview of results and variation in reference diagnosis techniques (fluorescent antibody test, rabies tissue culture infection test, mouse inoculation test) and molecular biology techniques
    E Robardet
    French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety Anses, Nancy Laboratory for Rabies and Wildlife, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies, European Union Reference Laboratory for Rabies, European Union Reference Institute for Rabies Serology, Technopole Agricole et Vétérinaire, BP 40009, 54220 Malzéville cedex, France
    J Virol Methods 177:15-25. 2011
    ..Our findings highlight the need for all rabies diagnostic laboratories to improve harmonisation of procedures...
  9. ncbi request reprint Use of filter paper (FTA) technology for sampling, recovery and molecular characterisation of rabies viruses
    E Picard-Meyer
    National Laboratory of Research on Rabies and Wildlife Diseases, Community Reference Institute for Rabies Serology, AFSSA Nancy, BP 40009, F 54220 Malzéville, France
    J Virol Methods 140:174-82. 2007
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Inter-laboratory trial to evaluate the reproducibility of a new ELISA to detect rabies antibodies in vaccinated domestic and wild carnivores
    A Servat
    WHO collabarating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, Community Reference Institute for Rabies Serology, Technopole Agricole et Vétérinaire, BP 40009, 54220 Malzéville cedex, France
    Biologicals 36:19-26. 2008
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Means used for terrestrial rabies elimination in France and policy for rabies surveillance in case of re-emergence
    F Cliquet
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies, AFSSA, Malzeville, France
    Dev Biol (Basel) 125:119-26. 2006
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Bat rabies surveillance in France, from 1989 through May 2005
    E Picard-Meyer
    Laboratory of Research on Rabies and Wildlife Diseases, OIE, World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, Community Reference Institute for Rabies Serology, AFSSA Nancy, France
    Dev Biol (Basel) 125:283-8. 2006
    ..All 21 cases were diagnosed in serotine bats (Eptesicus serotinus) and were due to European bat lyssavirus type 1 (EBLV-1), genotype 5, infection...
  13. ncbi request reprint Development of a fluorescent antibody virus neutralisation test (FAVN test) for the quantitation of rabies-neutralising antibody
    F Cliquet
    CNEVA Nancy, Laboratoire d études sur la rage et la pathologie des animaux sauvages, Malzeville, France
    J Immunol Methods 212:79-87. 1998
    ..Furthermore, distinguishing negative sera from positive sera with low titres is much easier with the FAVN test than with the RFFIT...
  14. doi request reprint Evaluation of an ELISA to detect rabies antibodies in orally vaccinated foxes and raccoon dogs sampled in the field
    M Wasniewski
    Anses, European Union Reference Laboratory for Rabies EURL, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, European Union Reference Institute for Rabies Serology, technopole agricole et vétérinaire de Pixérécourt, B P 40009, F 54220 Malzéville, France
    J Virol Methods 187:264-70. 2013
    ..The BioPro ELISA is a valuable test to assess the efficacy of oral vaccination in foxes and raccoon dogs...
  15. doi request reprint Molecular epidemiology of rabies in Ukraine
    E Picard-Meyer
    ANSES Nancy Laboratory for Rabies and Wildlife, European Union Reference Laboratory for Rabies, French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety, Technopole Agricole et Vétérinaire, BP 40009, 54220 Malzeville, France
    Arch Virol 157:1689-98. 2012
    ..Both nucleoprotein and glycoprotein gene analyses suggested evidence for cross-border movements of rabies virus...
  16. ncbi request reprint Infection of foxes by Echinococcocus multilocularis in urban and suburban areas of Nancy, France: influence of feeding habits and environment
    E Robardet
    National laboratory for rabies and wildlife diseases research, French Food Safety Agency Afssa, Technopole Agricole et Vétérinaire, BP 40009, 54220 Malzeville, France
    Parasite 15:77-85. 2008
    ..Red foxes consuming Microtus sp. and A. terrestris had higher worm burden than those that did not. The results suggest that the decreasing gradient observed from rural to urban area is linked to behaviour and feeding habits...
  17. pmc Spatial and temporal patterning of bank vole demography and the epidemiology of the Puumala hantavirus in northeastern France
    D Augot
    AFSSA Nancy, Laboratoire d Etudes et de Recherches sur la Rage et la Pathologie des Animaux Sauvages, Technopole Agricole et Vétérinaire, Malzeville, France
    Epidemiol Infect 136:1638-43. 2008
    ..One site among the four exhibited peculiar infection dynamics, where vole weight and infection risk were negatively correlated...
  18. ncbi request reprint The safety and efficacy of the oral rabies vaccine SAG2 in Indian stray dogs
    F Cliquet
    AFSSA, National Research Laboratory on Rabies and Wildlife Diseases, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, EU Reference Institute for Rabies Serology, Domaine de Pixerecourt, Malzeville, France
    Vaccine 25:3409-18. 2007
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Collaborative study to evaluate a new ELISA test to monitor the effectiveness of rabies vaccination in domestic carnivores
    A Servat
    AFSSA Nancy, Laboratoire d Etudes et de Recherches sur la Rage et la Pathologie des Animaux Sauvages, Domaine de Pixerecourt, B P no 9, 54220 Malzeville, France
    Virus Res 120:17-27. 2006
    ..This last point questions the pertinence of using the Serelisa in the context of international trades by preventing any movements of insufficiently or non-protected animals...
  20. ncbi request reprint Tools for rabies serology to monitor the effectiveness of rabies vaccination in domestic and wild carnivores
    A Servat
    AFSSA Nancy, Laboratoire d Etudes et de Recherches sur la Rage et la Pathologie des Animaux Sauvages, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, Malzeville, France
    Dev Biol (Basel) 125:91-4. 2006
    ..Such harmonisation would allow the monitoring of vaccination campaigns to be enhanced by increasing the exchange of epidemiological data, with the ultimate goal being the eradication of rabies in Europe...
  21. ncbi request reprint Elimination of terrestrial rabies in Western European countries
    F Cliquet
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, Community Reference Institute for Rabies Serology, AFSSA Nancy, Domaine de Pixerecourt, Malzeville, France
    Dev Biol (Basel) 119:185-204. 2004
    ..Since the European Union is going comprise 25 countries from May 2004, all the scientific knowledge is available for establishing efficient and adapted oral programmes aimed at eliminating terrestrial rabies from this area...
  22. ncbi request reprint Borna disease: a possible emerging zoonosis
    J M Boucher
    Laboratoire d études sur la rage et la pathologie des animaux sauvages, AFSSA Nancy, Malzeville, France
    Vet Res 30:549-57. 1999
    ..Due to the suspected large geographical distribution of this infectious agent, however, we could expect the presence of BDV in France...
  23. ncbi request reprint Rabies diagnosis
    J Barrat
    AFSSA LERRPAS, Domaine de Pixerecourt, Malzeville, France
    Dev Biol (Basel) 125:71-7. 2006
    ..The most frequently used indirect methods are based on serological testing. Direct methods aim to detect the virus itself, its proteins, genetic material or traces of its replication in tissues...
  24. ncbi request reprint Development of a hemi-nested RT-PCR method for the specific determination of European Bat Lyssavirus 1. Comparison with other rabies diagnostic methods
    E Picard-Meyer
    Agence Francaise de Securite Sanitaire des Aliments, AFSSA Nancy, Domaine de Pixerecourt, BP 9, Malzéville F 54220, France
    Vaccine 22:1921-9. 2004
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Dynamics of Puumala virus infection in bank voles in Ardennes department (France)
    D Augot
    AFSSA Nancy, Laboratoire d Etudes et de Recherches sur la Rage et la Pathologie des Animaux Sauvages, WHO OIE Collaborating centre for research and management in zoonoses control, 54220 Malzéville cedex, France
    Pathol Biol (Paris) 54:572-7. 2006
    ..6% [291 of 773]). In C. glareolus, the antibody prevalence rate increased with age (weight) in site A, B and D, reaching more than 50% in the heaviest weight, and suggesting that horizontal infection may be important...
  26. ncbi request reprint Detection of Echinococcus multilocularis in wild boars in France using PCR techniques against larval form
    J M Boucher
    AFSSA Nancy, Laboratoire d Etudes et de Recherches sur la Rage et la Pathologie des Animaux Sauvages, Domaine de Pixérécourt B P 9, Malzéville F 54220, France
    Vet Parasitol 129:259-66. 2005
    ..9% nucleotide sequence homology with a genomic DNA sequence of Echinococcus genus for the first and the second wild boar, respectively...
  27. doi request reprint Comparative assay of fluorescent antibody test results among twelve European National Reference Laboratories using various anti-rabies conjugates
    E Robardet
    French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety Anses, Nancy, Laboratory for Rabies and Wildlife, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies, European Union Reference Laboratory for Rabies, European Union Reference Institute for Rabies Serology, Technopole Agricole et Vétérinaire, BP 40009, 54220 Malzéville cedex, France
    J Virol Methods 191:88-94. 2013
    ..In case of false negative results this could have a dramatic impact if the animal under investigation is responsible for human exposure. To avoid such situations, confirmatory tests should be implemented...
  28. ncbi request reprint Humoral and cell-mediated immune responses of foxes (Vulpes vulpes) after experimental primary and secondary oral vaccination using SAG2 and V-RG vaccines
    M Lambot
    Department of Immunology-Vaccinology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, , B43b Sart tilman, 4000, , Belgium
    Vaccine 19:1827-35. 2001
    ..No change was detected in the level of IL-2, IL-10 and IL-12 synthesis, whereas the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumour necrosis factor-alpha seemed involved in the activation of naive T lymphocytes...
  29. ncbi request reprint Development of a qualitative indirect ELISA for the measurement of rabies virus-specific antibodies from vaccinated dogs and cats
    F Cliquet
    AFSSA, Nancy WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, OIE Référence Laboratoire for Rabies, Laboratoire d Etudes et de Recherches sur la Rage et la Pathologie des Animaux Sauvages, BP 9, 54220 Malzeville, France
    J Virol Methods 117:1-8. 2004
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Genetic analysis of European bat lyssavirus type 1 isolates from France
    E Picard-Meyer
    Agence Francaise de Securite Sanitaire des Aliments, AFSSA Nancy, Centre Collaborateur OMS pour la Recherche et l Organisation en Matière de Lutte Contre les Zoonoses, Domaine de Pixerecourt, BP 9, F 54220 Malzéville, France
    Vet Rec 154:589-95. 2004
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint [Human rabies in France in 2004: update and management]
    H Peigue-Lafeuille
    Service de Virologie, Faculte de Medecine, 28, Place Henri Dunant, 63001 Clermont Ferrand cedex, France
    Med Mal Infect 34:551-60. 2004
    ..People traveling abroad, particularly to Africa, are warned not to approach unknown animals (especially dogs) nor to try to import them, and are advised to comply with vaccinal recommendations for travelers, particularly for toddlers...
  32. ncbi request reprint Neutralising antibody titration in 25,000 sera of dogs and cats vaccinated against rabies in France, in the framework of the new regulations that offer an alternative to quarantine
    F Cliquet
    Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments Nancy, Laboratoire d Etudes et de Recherches sur la Rage et la Pathologie des Animaux Sauvages, Domaine de Pixerecourt, B P 9, 54220 Malzeville, France
    Rev Sci Tech 22:857-66. 2003
    ..Finally, the results of these analyses showed a strong correlation between antibody counts and the time that elapsed between the last vaccination and the blood sampling...
  33. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of rabid bats in France, 1989 to 2002
    E Picard-Meyer
    Agence Francaise de Securite Sanitaire des Aliments, AFSSA Nancy, Domaine de Pixerecourt, BP 9, F 54220 Malzéville, France
    Vet Rec 155:774-7. 2004
  34. ncbi request reprint Risk of rabies introduction by non-commercial movement of pets
    P Have
    European Food Safety Authority, Scientific Panel on Animal Health and Welfare, Parma, Italy
    Dev Biol (Basel) 131:177-85. 2008
    ..Within the EU, the rabies prevalence in most countries is so low that the risk can be considered negligible. However, for some countries the risk is non-negligible...
  35. ncbi request reprint New steps in the control of canine rabies in India
    H K Pradhan
    HSADL High SecurityAnimal Disease Laboratory, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Anand Nagar, Madhya Pradesh, India
    Dev Biol (Basel) 131:157-66. 2008
    ..Furthermore, bait acceptance was tested under both experimental and field conditions...
  36. ncbi request reprint Can rabies be eradicated?
    C E Rupprecht
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Dev Biol (Basel) 131:95-121. 2008
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Rabies and rabies-related viruses: a modern perspective on an ancient disease
    F Cliquet
    Laboratory of Research on Rabies and Wildlife Diseases, OIE World Organisation for Animal Health Reference Laboratory for Rabies, World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, Malzeville, France
    Rev Sci Tech 23:625-42. 2004
    ..Rabies is still a significant public health problem, particularly in areas where canine rabies is still endemic, such as countries in Africa and Asia...
  38. doi request reprint Rabies in Estonia: situation before and after the first campaigns of oral vaccination of wildlife with SAG2 vaccine bait
    Enel Niin
    Veterinary and Food Board of Estonia VFB, Väike Paala Street 3, 11415 Tallinn, Estonia, France
    Vaccine 26:3556-65. 2008
    ..5%) occurred within the vaccinated area. Only 17 cases were diagnosed between 1 June and 31 December 2006. In 2007, by the end of May, only two rabies cases have been registered...
  39. doi request reprint Validation and standardization of virus neutralizing test using indirect immunoperoxidase technique for the quantification of antibodies to rabies virus
    T Ogawa
    National Veterinary Assay Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 1 15 1 Tokura, Kokubunji, Tokyo, Japan
    Zoonoses Public Health 55:323-7. 2008
    ..8%) as well as specificity (87.0%) and good correlation (r = 0.92). As described above, the validation of the VNT-IIP was satisfactory and the performances of the test proved to be equivalent to those of an international standard method...
  40. pmc Salivary excretion of rabies virus by healthy vampire bats
    A Aguilar-Setien
    Unidad de Investigación Médica en Inmunología, Coordinación de Investigación Médica, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Centro Medico Nacional Siglo XXI, Hospital de Pediatria, Col Doctores, 06725 Mexico D F, Mexico
    Epidemiol Infect 133:517-22. 2005
    ..At that time even vigorous dexamethasone and cyclosporine administration failed to provoke further viral excretion...
  41. ncbi request reprint An imported case of canine rabies in Aquitaine: investigation and management of the contacts at risk, August 2004-March 2005
    V Servas
    Cellule Interregionale d epidemiologie Aquitaine, Bordeaux, France
    Euro Surveill 10:222-5. 2005
    ..Strict application of sanitary control regulations is essential for animals introduced into EU countries, and all necessary information must be made available to EU residents travelling to rabies enzootic areas...
  42. ncbi request reprint Molecular epidemiology of rabies viruses in Europe
    L M McElhinney
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Dev Biol (Basel) 125:17-28. 2006
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of 198 unique sequences demonstrated numerous groups of viruses clustered at both geographical and host-species levels...
  43. ncbi request reprint First oral vaccination of wildlife against rabies in Estonia
    E Niin
    Veterinary and Food Board of Estonia, Tallinn
    Dev Biol (Basel) 125:145-7. 2006
    ..This trial was conducted on Vormsi island (92 km2), located 10 km away from the west coast. Oral vaccination was performed manually over three days with SAG2 baits (Virbac company, France), by three teams...
  44. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology and pathogenicity of African bat lyssaviruses
    W Markotter
    Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa
    Dev Biol (Basel) 131:317-25. 2008
    ..In contrast, individual isolates of Lagos bat virus were found to differ significantly with respectto nucleoprotein gene nucleotide sequence diversity as well as in pathogenicity profiles...