Michel Brunet

Summary

Country: France

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint A new hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad, Central Africa
    Michel Brunet
    Faculté des Sciences et CNRS UMR 6046, Universite de Poitiers, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Nature 418:145-51. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Enamel hypoplasia in a pliocene hominid from Chad
    Michel Brunet
    CNRS UMR 6046, Laboratoire de Géobiologie Biochronologie et Paléontologie Humaine, Faculté SFA, Universite de Poitiers, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers, France
    Connect Tissue Res 43:94-7. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint New material of the earliest hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad
    Michel Brunet
    Laboratoire de Géobiologie, Biochronologie et Paléontologie humaine, CNRS UMR 6046, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Poitiers, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Nature 434:752-5. 2005
  4. pmc Morphological affinities of the Sahelanthropus tchadensis (Late Miocene hominid from Chad) cranium
    Franck Guy
    Laboratoire de Géobiologie, Biochronologie et Paléontologie humaine, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche 6046, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Poitiers, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:18836-41. 2005
  5. pmc New Apterodontinae (Hyaenodontida) from the Eocene locality of Dur At-Talah (Libya): systematic, paleoecological and phylogenetical implications
    Camille Grohé
    Institut de Paléoprimatologie, Paléontologie Humaine Évolution et Paléoenvironnents, UMR CNRS 7262, Universite de Poitiers, Poitiers, France
    PLoS ONE 7:e49054. 2012
  6. doi request reprint The mammal assemblage of the hominid site TM266 (Late Miocene, Chad Basin): ecological structure and paleoenvironmental implications
    Soizic Le Fur
    Institut de Paléoprimatologie et Paléontologie Humaine, Évolution et Paléoenvironnements, IPHEP, UMR 6046 CNRS, UFR SFA, Universite de Poitiers, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Naturwissenschaften 96:565-74. 2009
  7. pmc Anthracothere dental anatomy reveals a late Miocene Chado-Libyan bioprovince
    Fabrice Lihoreau
    Laboratoire de Géobiologie, Biochronologie et Paléontologie humaine, Unité Mixte de Recherche Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR CNRS 6046, Universite de Poitiers, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:8763-7. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint The oldest African fox (Vulpes riffautae n. sp., Canidae, Carnivora) recovered in late Miocene deposits of the Djurab desert, Chad
    Louis de Bonis
    Laboratoire de Géobiologie, Biochronologie et Paléontologie humaine, UMR 6046 CNRS, Universite de Poitiers, 86022, Poitiers Cedex, France
    Naturwissenschaften 94:575-80. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Geology and palaeontology of the Upper Miocene Toros-Menalla hominid locality, Chad
    Patrick Vignaud
    Faculté des Sciences et Centre National de Recherche Scientifique UMR 6046, Universite de Poitiers, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Nature 418:152-5. 2002
  10. doi request reprint Symphyseal shape variation in extant and fossil hominoids, and the symphysis of Australopithecus bahrelghazali
    Franck Guy
    CNRS UMR 6046, IPHEP Institut International de Paléoprimatologie, Paléontologie Humaine Evolution et Paléoenvironnements, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Poitiers, Poitiers Cedex, France
    J Hum Evol 55:37-47. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications23

  1. ncbi request reprint A new hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad, Central Africa
    Michel Brunet
    Faculté des Sciences et CNRS UMR 6046, Universite de Poitiers, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Nature 418:145-51. 2002
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Enamel hypoplasia in a pliocene hominid from Chad
    Michel Brunet
    CNRS UMR 6046, Laboratoire de Géobiologie Biochronologie et Paléontologie Humaine, Faculté SFA, Universite de Poitiers, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers, France
    Connect Tissue Res 43:94-7. 2002
    ..Possible causes discussed here include recurrent fevers and seasonal nutritional deficiencies...
  3. ncbi request reprint New material of the earliest hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad
    Michel Brunet
    Laboratoire de Géobiologie, Biochronologie et Paléontologie humaine, CNRS UMR 6046, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Poitiers, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Nature 434:752-5. 2005
    ..tchadensis and African apes. S. tchadensis presents several key derived features consistent with its position in the hominid clade close to the last common ancestor of chimpanzees and humans...
  4. pmc Morphological affinities of the Sahelanthropus tchadensis (Late Miocene hominid from Chad) cranium
    Franck Guy
    Laboratoire de Géobiologie, Biochronologie et Paléontologie humaine, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche 6046, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Poitiers, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:18836-41. 2005
    ..Further research is needed to determine the evolutionary relationships between Sahelanthropus and the known Miocene and Pliocene hominids...
  5. pmc New Apterodontinae (Hyaenodontida) from the Eocene locality of Dur At-Talah (Libya): systematic, paleoecological and phylogenetical implications
    Camille Grohé
    Institut de Paléoprimatologie, Paléontologie Humaine Évolution et Paléoenvironnents, UMR CNRS 7262, Universite de Poitiers, Poitiers, France
    PLoS ONE 7:e49054. 2012
    ..These data enhance our knowledge of early hyaenodontidan diversification into Africa and underline how crucial is the understanding of their evolutionary history for the improvement of Paleogene paleobiogeographic scenarii...
  6. doi request reprint The mammal assemblage of the hominid site TM266 (Late Miocene, Chad Basin): ecological structure and paleoenvironmental implications
    Soizic Le Fur
    Institut de Paléoprimatologie et Paléontologie Humaine, Évolution et Paléoenvironnements, IPHEP, UMR 6046 CNRS, UFR SFA, Universite de Poitiers, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Naturwissenschaften 96:565-74. 2009
    ..Water was also widely available as freshwater bodies and certainly swamps. It appears that the high habitat diversity of the landscape is a common feature among paleoenvironments associated with early hominids...
  7. pmc Anthracothere dental anatomy reveals a late Miocene Chado-Libyan bioprovince
    Fabrice Lihoreau
    Laboratoire de Géobiologie, Biochronologie et Paléontologie humaine, Unité Mixte de Recherche Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR CNRS 6046, Universite de Poitiers, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:8763-7. 2006
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint The oldest African fox (Vulpes riffautae n. sp., Canidae, Carnivora) recovered in late Miocene deposits of the Djurab desert, Chad
    Louis de Bonis
    Laboratoire de Géobiologie, Biochronologie et Paléontologie humaine, UMR 6046 CNRS, Universite de Poitiers, 86022, Poitiers Cedex, France
    Naturwissenschaften 94:575-80. 2007
    ..The presence of Vulpes and of the genus Eucyon in slightly younger African locality, as well as in southwestern Europe in the late Miocene, may indicate that canids migrated in Europe from Africa through a trans-Mediterranean route...
  9. ncbi request reprint Geology and palaeontology of the Upper Miocene Toros-Menalla hominid locality, Chad
    Patrick Vignaud
    Faculté des Sciences et Centre National de Recherche Scientifique UMR 6046, Universite de Poitiers, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Nature 418:152-5. 2002
    ..Taken together with the sedimentological evidence, the fauna suggests that S. tchadensis lived close to a lake, but not far from a sandy desert, perhaps the oldest record of desert conditions in the Neogene of northern central Africa...
  10. doi request reprint Symphyseal shape variation in extant and fossil hominoids, and the symphysis of Australopithecus bahrelghazali
    Franck Guy
    CNRS UMR 6046, IPHEP Institut International de Paléoprimatologie, Paléontologie Humaine Evolution et Paléoenvironnements, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Poitiers, Poitiers Cedex, France
    J Hum Evol 55:37-47. 2008
    ..Furthermore, our results substantiate the unusual pattern of the A. bahrelghazali symphyses compared to A. afarensis and support the specific status of the west African australopith...
  11. pmc Cosmogenic nuclide dating of Sahelanthropus tchadensis and Australopithecus bahrelghazali: Mio-Pliocene hominids from Chad
    Anne Elisabeth Lebatard
    Institut International de Paléoprimatologie, Paléontologie Humaine Evolution et Paléoenvironnements, Unité Mixte de Recherche Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 6046, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Poitiers, Poitiers Cedex, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:3226-31. 2008
    ..8 and 7.2 Ma. This chronological constraint is an important cornerstone both for establishing the earliest stages of hominid evolution and for new calibrations of the molecular clock...
  12. ncbi request reprint Pliocene large-mammal assemblages from Northern Chad: sampling and ecological structure
    Emmanuel Fara
    Laboratoire de Géobiologie, Biochronologie, et Paléontologie humaine UMR 6046 du CNRS, Universite de Poitiers, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Naturwissenschaften 92:537-41. 2005
    ..Instead, it seems that local heterogeneous environmental factors have played a major role in shaping the ecological spectrum of Chadian mammal palaeo-communities during the Pliocene...
  13. doi request reprint Gaudeamus lavocati sp. nov. (Rodentia, Hystricognathi) from the early Oligocene of Zallah, Libya: first African caviomorph?
    Pauline Coster
    Institut International de Paléoprimatologie, Paléontologie Humaine Evolution et Paléoenvironnements iPHEP, UMR CNRS 6046, Université de Poitiers UFR SFA, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022, Poitiers Cedex, France
    Naturwissenschaften 97:697-706. 2010
    ..The phylogenetic position of this taxon is of considerable importance because it represents an enigmatic component of the phiomorph-caviomorph radiation in Africa and appears as a new clue toward the understanding of caviomorph origins...
  14. doi request reprint Late middle Eocene epoch of Libya yields earliest known radiation of African anthropoids
    Jean Jacques Jaeger
    Institut International de Paléoprimatologie et Paléontologie humaine, Évolution et Paléoenvironnements, CNRS UMR 6046, Universite de Poitiers, 40 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers, France
    Nature 467:1095-8. 2010
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint The earliest modern mongoose (Carnivora, Herpestidae) from Africa (late Miocene of Chad)
    Stéphane Peigné
    Laboratoire de Géobiologie, Biochronologie et Paléontologie humaine, UMR 6046 CNRS, Universite de Poitiers, 86022, Poitiers Cedex, France
    Naturwissenschaften 92:287-92. 2005
    ..This record ties the first appearance of the genus to a minimum age of ca. 7 Ma, which is consistent with the estimated divergence date of 11.4 Ma known from the literature for the species of Galerella...
  16. doi request reprint Assessing endocranial variations in great apes and humans using 3D data from virtual endocasts
    Thibaut Bienvenu
    Institut International de Paléoprimatologie, Paléontologie Humaine Evolution et Paléoenvironnements iPHEP, CNRS Université de Poitiers, 86022 Poitiers, France
    Am J Phys Anthropol 145:231-46. 2011
    ..Our study of endocranial variations in extant great apes and humans provides a new comparative dataset for studies of fossil hominid endocasts...
  17. ncbi request reprint Virtual cranial reconstruction of Sahelanthropus tchadensis
    Christoph P E Zollikofer
    Anthropologisches Institut MultiMedia Laboratorium, Universitat Zurich Irchel, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 434:755-9. 2005
    ..tchadensis might have been an upright biped, suggesting that bipedalism was present in the earliest known hominids, and probably arose soon after the divergence of the chimpanzee and human lineages...
  18. ncbi request reprint Profile: Michel Brunet. One scientist's quest for the origin of our species
    Ann Gibbons
    Science 298:1708-11. 2002
  19. ncbi request reprint The first fossil fungus gardens of Isoptera: oldest evidence of symbiotic termite fungiculture (Miocene, Chad basin)
    Philippe Duringer
    Universite Louis Pasteur ULP, Ecole et Observatoire des Sciences de la Terre EOST, Centre de Géochimie de la Surface CNRS UMR 7517, 1 rue Blessig, 67084, Strasbourg Cedex, France
    Naturwissenschaften 93:610-5. 2006
    ..Under lens, they display a typical millimetre-scale pelletal structure. The latter, as well as the general shape and alveolar aspect, are similar to the morphology of fungus combs from extant fungus-growing termites...
  20. pmc The position of Hippopotamidae within Cetartiodactyla
    Jean Renaud Boisserie
    Human Evolution Research Center, Department of Integrative Biology Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, 3060 Valley Life Sciences Building no 3140, Berkeley, CA 94720 3140, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:1537-41. 2005
    ..Among those, the position of Ruminantia is a central question, still to be solved. Further progress in this debate is likely to come from morphological studies of paleontological data, whether known or still to be discovered...
  21. ncbi request reprint Finite element modeling of the head skeleton with a new local quantitative assessment approach
    Barbara Autuori
    Laboratory of Biomechanics and Human Modelling, ETS of Bron, 25 av F Mitterrand, case24, 69675 Bron, France
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 53:1225-32. 2006
    ..The assessment showed that the head skeleton model behaved qualitatively like the real structure. Quantitatively, the local relative error varied from 8% up to 70%...
  22. ncbi request reprint New approaches in hominoid taxonomy: morphometrics
    Franck Guy
    Department of Anthropology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 121:198-218. 2003
    ..Our data provide an objective standard for assessing taxonomic differences among hominoids, and will enable us to define more precisely the significance of morphological differences in the fossil record...
  23. ncbi request reprint [Morphological affinities of the Sahelanthropus tchadensis cranium: oldest representing of the human family]
    Franck Guy
    Med Sci (Paris) 22:250-1. 2006