M Uhari

Summary

Affiliation: University of Oulu
Country: Finland

Publications

  1. pmc Xylitol-supplemented nutrition enhances bacterial killing and prolongs survival of rats in experimental pneumococcal sepsis
    Marjo Renko
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    BMC Microbiol 8:45. 2008
  2. ncbi request reprint [Use of pad gives accuracy to the diagnosis of urinary tract infections in children]
    Matti Uhari
    OYS n lastentautien klinikka, Oulun yliopisto
    Duodecim 122:579-84. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint [Using characteristic numbers to estimate the usefulness of laboratory tests for diagnosis]
    Matti Uhari
    Oulun yliopiston lastentautien klinikka PL 5000, 90014 Oulun yliopisto
    Duodecim 120:935-41. 2004
  4. pmc Experiences of using an interactive audience response system in lectures
    Matti Uhari
    The Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, FIN 90014 University of Oulu, Finland
    BMC Med Educ 3:12. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint [Research of psychotherapy is clinical research]
    Matti Uhari
    OYS n lastentautien klinikka, Oulun yliopisto
    Duodecim 120:2617-8. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint An open randomized controlled trial of infection prevention in child day-care centers
    M Uhari
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 18:672-7. 1999
  7. ncbi request reprint Xylitol in preventing acute otitis media
    M Uhari
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, FIN 90220 Oulu, Finland
    Vaccine 19:S144-7. 2000
  8. ncbi request reprint Adverse reactions in children during long-term antimicrobial therapy
    M Uhari
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 15:404-8. 1996
  9. pmc Effect of xylitol on growth of Streptococcus pneumoniae in the presence of fructose and sorbitol
    T Tapiainen
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 45:166-9. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint Serum concentrations of interferon-gamma and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 eight years after an early respiratory syncytial virus infection
    H Juntti
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Clin Exp Allergy 35:59-63. 2005

Detail Information

Publications73

  1. pmc Xylitol-supplemented nutrition enhances bacterial killing and prolongs survival of rats in experimental pneumococcal sepsis
    Marjo Renko
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    BMC Microbiol 8:45. 2008
    ..Xylitol has antiadhesive effects on Streptococcus pneumoniae and inhibits its growth, and has also been found to be effective in preventing acute otitis media and has been used in intensive care as a valuable source of energy...
  2. ncbi request reprint [Use of pad gives accuracy to the diagnosis of urinary tract infections in children]
    Matti Uhari
    OYS n lastentautien klinikka, Oulun yliopisto
    Duodecim 122:579-84. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint [Using characteristic numbers to estimate the usefulness of laboratory tests for diagnosis]
    Matti Uhari
    Oulun yliopiston lastentautien klinikka PL 5000, 90014 Oulun yliopisto
    Duodecim 120:935-41. 2004
  4. pmc Experiences of using an interactive audience response system in lectures
    Matti Uhari
    The Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, FIN 90014 University of Oulu, Finland
    BMC Med Educ 3:12. 2003
    ..Lectures are good for presenting information and providing explanations, but because they lack active participation they have been neglected...
  5. ncbi request reprint [Research of psychotherapy is clinical research]
    Matti Uhari
    OYS n lastentautien klinikka, Oulun yliopisto
    Duodecim 120:2617-8. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint An open randomized controlled trial of infection prevention in child day-care centers
    M Uhari
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 18:672-7. 1999
    ..Child care outside the home increases children's infections substantially. We have to evaluate the possibilities for reducing the transmission of infections by an infection prevention program...
  7. ncbi request reprint Xylitol in preventing acute otitis media
    M Uhari
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, FIN 90220 Oulu, Finland
    Vaccine 19:S144-7. 2000
    ..Xylitol appears to be an attractive alternative to prevent acute otitis media. A more practical frequency of doses should be found before its use can be widely recommended...
  8. ncbi request reprint Adverse reactions in children during long-term antimicrobial therapy
    M Uhari
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 15:404-8. 1996
    ..It is difficult to obtain reliable date on the rate of adverse reactions caused by drugs in general use. Yet it would be important to compile data on adverse reactions to long-term antimicrobial therapy...
  9. pmc Effect of xylitol on growth of Streptococcus pneumoniae in the presence of fructose and sorbitol
    T Tapiainen
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 45:166-9. 2001
    ..Thus, it seems that xylitol is the only commercially used sugar substitute proven to have an antimicrobial effect on pneumococci...
  10. ncbi request reprint Serum concentrations of interferon-gamma and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 eight years after an early respiratory syncytial virus infection
    H Juntti
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Clin Exp Allergy 35:59-63. 2005
    ..Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection may influence the development of recurrent wheezing and atopy, but the mechanisms are unclear...
  11. ncbi request reprint Symptoms of acute otitis media
    T Kontiokari
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 17:676-9. 1998
    ..The symptoms related to acute otitis media, however, are considered nonspecific...
  12. pmc Randomised trial of cranberry-lingonberry juice and Lactobacillus GG drink for the prevention of urinary tract infections in women
    T Kontiokari
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, FIN 90220, Finland
    BMJ 322:1571. 2001
    ..To determine whether recurrences of urinary tract infection can be prevented with cranberry-lingonberry juice or with Lactobacillus GG drink. Design: Open, randomised controlled 12 month follow up trial...
  13. doi request reprint Cardiac troponin-I as a screening tool for myocarditis in children hospitalized for viral infection
    M Renko
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Acta Paediatr 99:283-5. 2010
    ..We hypothesized that screening all children who are hospitalized for an acute infection with troponin-I (TnI) would reveal myocarditis cases and performed a prospective screening study...
  14. ncbi request reprint Costs arising from otitis media
    M Niemela
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Acta Paediatr 88:553-6. 1999
    ..OM leads to considerable expenses and even expensive preventive measures would be cost-effective...
  15. doi request reprint Hospital-associated infections in children: a prospective post-discharge follow-up survey in three different paediatric hospitals
    S Kinnula
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    J Hosp Infect 80:17-24. 2012
    ..Reported viral hospital-associated infection (HAI) frequencies have ranged from 1% to 24% between paediatric wards and hospitals. Reasons for this variation remain unclear...
  16. ncbi request reprint Nasopharyngeal dimensions in magnetic resonance imaging and the risk of acute otitis media
    M Renko
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    J Laryngol Otol 121:853-6. 2007
    ..We evaluate here the association of nasopharyngeal dimensions in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the occurrence of AOM in otherwise healthy children...
  17. doi request reprint Biofilm formation and virulence of uropathogenic Escherichia coli in urine after consumption of cranberry-lingonberry juice
    T Tapiainen
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, P O Box 5000, 90014, Oulu, Finland
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 31:655-62. 2012
    ..04). It appears that the effect of CLJ in preventing UTIs is not explained by mechanisms that reduce biofilm formation or the expression of selected virulence genes of Escherichia coli in urine...
  18. doi request reprint Post-discharge follow-up of hospital-associated infections in paediatric patients with conventional questionnaires and electronic surveillance
    S Kinnula
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    J Hosp Infect 80:13-6. 2012
    ..Viral infections are common causes of hospital-associated infections (HAIs) in paediatric patients, with most of these infections only becoming evident after discharge...
  19. ncbi request reprint Xylitol concentrations in the saliva of children after chewing xylitol gum or consuming a xylitol mixture
    T Tapiainen
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 21:53-5. 2002
    ..A schedule with the same single doses given less frequently could be clinically effective in preventing otitis media...
  20. ncbi request reprint Diet, serum fatty acids, and atopic diseases in childhood
    T Dunder
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Allergy 56:425-8. 2001
    ..Differences supporting these dietary findings were similarly found in the serum fatty acid data. CONCLUSION: The diet of the atopic children differed from that of the nonatopic children in the consumption of polyunsaturated fat...
  21. ncbi request reprint Quantitative analysis of the effect of xylitol on pneumococcal nasal colonisation in rats
    T Kontiokari
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 178:313-7. 1999
    ..Neither the mean colony-forming unit counts nor the PCR counts differed statistically significant between the xylitol and control groups. Thus, we found that xylitol had no significant effect on pneumococcal mucosal colonisation...
  22. ncbi request reprint Dietary factors protecting women from urinary tract infection
    Tero Kontiokari
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:600-4. 2003
    ..Because urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by bacteria in the stool, dietary factors may affect the risk of contracting a UTI by altering the properties of the fecal bacterial flora...
  23. ncbi request reprint Mixed bacterial-viral infections in septic children with leukemia
    Minna Koskenvuo
    Department of Pediatrics, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:1133-6. 2007
    ..Febrile infections in children with leukemia are common. The occurrence of possible mixed bacterial-viral infections is unknown...
  24. ncbi request reprint Biofilm formation by Escherichia coli isolated from patients with urinary tract infections
    J Salo
    Department of Pediatrics, Oulu University Hospital, Finland
    Clin Nephrol 71:501-7. 2009
    ..We wanted to find out whether Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains isolated from UTI patients differ in their ability to form biofilms and whether this ability is associated with the clinical presentation of UTI...
  25. ncbi request reprint Insulin and blood pressure among healthy children. Cardiovascular risk in young Finns
    L Taittonen
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Am J Hypertens 9:194-9. 1996
    ..However, insulin does not enhance the rise in blood pressure...
  26. ncbi request reprint Middle ear effusion among children diagnosed and treated actively for acute otitis media
    T Kontiokari
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Eur J Pediatr 157:731-4. 1998
    ..4%) had not been identified earlier. The point prevalence of acute otitis media was 3.2% and that of otitis media with effusion 3.9%...
  27. ncbi request reprint Angiotensin converting enzyme gene insertion/deletion polymorphism, angiotensinogen gene polymorphisms, family history of hypertension, and childhood blood pressure
    L Taittonen
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Am J Hypertens 12:858-66. 1999
    ..Although the common genetic variation of ACE may influence blood pressure in male children and adolescents, our data do not suggest a role for the common variation of the angiotensinogen gene as a BP regulator during childhood...
  28. doi request reprint Occurrence of vesicoureteral reflux in children
    M Venhola
    Department of Paediatrics, University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
    Acta Paediatr 99:1875-8. 2010
    ..The reported low occurrence of vesicoureteral reflux in the general population seems implausible. We wanted to test the hypothesis that reflux is more common and more independent of urinary-tract infection than has previously been thought...
  29. ncbi request reprint Preventive treatment for recurrent febrile seizures
    H Rantala
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Ann Med 32:177-80. 2000
    ..The number of febrile episodes is the only risk factor that can be influenced by preventive measures. The time being, we can reassure parents on the benign nature of febrile seizures...
  30. ncbi request reprint Subjects with allergic rhinitis show signs of more severely impaired paranasal sinus functioning during viral colds than nonallergic subjects
    O P Alho
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oulu, Finland
    Allergy 58:767-71. 2003
    ..The aim was to evaluate whether paranasal sinus functioning during viral colds is similar in subjects with and without allergic rhinitis...
  31. ncbi request reprint Cross-sectional survey of paranasal sinus magnetic resonance imaging findings in schoolchildren
    A Kristo
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Acta Paediatr 92:34-6. 2003
    ..Sinus image abnormalities are common among children examined for indications other than sinus disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of sinus abnormalities among otherwise healthy children attending school...
  32. pmc Lymphocyte and mast cell counts are increased in the nasal mucosa in symptomatic natural colds
    O P Alho
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oulu and the Microbiology Laboratory of Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
    Clin Exp Immunol 131:138-42. 2003
    ..005 and P = 0.04, respectively). Contrary to the earlier experimental studies, we found that viruses cause accumulation of T and B lymphocytes and mast cells during the first days of a symptomatic naturally acquired respiratory infection...
  33. ncbi request reprint Disappearance of middle ear effusion in acute otitis media monitored daily with tympanometry
    Marjo Renko
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Acta Paediatr 95:359-63. 2006
    ..Disappearance of middle ear effusion is one of the most important outcomes in the treatment of acute otitis media (AOM)...
  34. ncbi request reprint Consumption of asthma medication after RS-virus epidemic--a population based survey
    Teija Dunder
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 18:105-9. 2007
    ..5% vs. 20.3% for consumption and 4.8% vs. 4.9% for reimbursement. These differences were insignificant. In conclusion exposure to a RSV epidemic in infancy does not increase the consumption of asthma medicines at the population level...
  35. ncbi request reprint Infections in child day care centers and later development of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis: prospective follow-up survey 12 years after controlled randomized hygiene intervention
    Teija Dunder
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, PO Box 5000, FIN 90014 Oulu, Finland
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:972-7. 2007
    ..To evaluate the effect of successful prevention of common infections in child day care centers on the later development of allergic diseases...
  36. doi request reprint Safety of alcohol hand gel use among children and personnel at a child day care center
    Sohvi Kinnula
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Am J Infect Control 37:318-21. 2009
    ..Alcohol hand gels (AHG) have been used by children in child day care centers (CDCCs) to prevent the transmission of microbes. Because parents and personnel have been concerned about the safety of AHGs, we conducted a trial to assess this...
  37. ncbi request reprint [The care of obstructive bronchitis]
    Teija Dunder
    OYS n lasten ja nuorten klinikka
    Duodecim 122:459-61. 2006
  38. ncbi request reprint Cranberry juice and bacterial colonization in children--a placebo-controlled randomized trial
    Tero Kontiokari
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, P O Box 5000, FIN 90014, Finland
    Clin Nutr 24:1065-72. 2005
    ..We were interested in studying cranberry juice in children since many children with recurrent UTI need long-term antimicrobial prophylaxis and would benefit from an alternative...
  39. doi request reprint An outbreak of holarctica-type tularemia in pediatric patients
    Ulla Jounio
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:160-2. 2010
    ..Holarctica-type tularemia is endemic in the Northern Hemisphere. Despite recurrent epidemics tularemia is not well known in children and the pediatric cases are often misdiagnosed...
  40. ncbi request reprint Nasal middle meatal specimen bacteriology as a predictor of the course of acute respiratory infection in children
    Aila Kristo
    Departments of Otorhinolaryngology, PO Box 5000, University of Oulu, Oulu FIN 90014, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 25:108-12. 2006
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Cefuroxime axetil versus placebo for children with acute respiratory infection and imaging evidence of sinusitis: a randomized, controlled trial
    Aila Kristo
    Department of Otolaryngology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Acta Paediatr 94:1208-13. 2005
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of antibiotic treatment in children who presented in medical care with respiratory infection and had imaging evidence of sinusitis...
  42. pmc Meta-analysis of the significance of asymptomatic bacteriuria in diabetes
    Marjo Renko
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Diabetes Care 34:230-5. 2011
    ..To evaluate whether asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is more common in patients with diabetes than among control subjects. In addition, we wanted to clarify the clinical significance of ASB in patients with diabetes...
  43. ncbi request reprint Peer consultation as a method for promoting problem-based learning during a paediatrics course
    Marjo Renko
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Med Teach 24:408-11. 2002
    ..These experiences suggest that the model of peer consultation adds new flavour, increasing enthusiasm in problem-based learning...
  44. doi request reprint Vesicoureteral reflux in children with suspected and proven urinary tract infection
    Annukka Hannula
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Pediatr Nephrol 25:1463-9. 2010
    ..This challenges the recommendations of routine VCUG after UTI...
  45. ncbi request reprint Paranasal sinus findings in children during respiratory infection evaluated with magnetic resonance imaging
    Aila Kristo
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Pediatrics 111:e586-9. 2003
    ..The main objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency and spontaneous resolution of paranasal sinus abnormalities in children with acute respiratory infection using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
  46. doi request reprint Biofilm formation by Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from paediatric patients
    Terhi Tapiainen
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, and Laboratory of Microbiology, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
    APMIS 118:255-60. 2010
    ..We conclude that the clinical presentation of pneumococcal disease did not differ in relation to biofilm formation in vitro, even though there was marked variation between the clinical isolates and serotypes...
  47. ncbi request reprint Dietary factors affecting susceptibility to urinary tract infection
    Tero Kontiokari
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, P O Box 5000, 90014 Oulu, Finland
    Pediatr Nephrol 19:378-83. 2004
    ..However, there is no reason to expect that children would be different from adults in this respect. In this review, we discuss the dietary factors affecting the susceptibility to UTI...
  48. doi request reprint Timing of rhinosinusitis complications in children
    Aila Kristo
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:769-71. 2009
    ..One reason for this recommendation is to prevent the complications of sinus infection. We wanted to find out whether there is any evidence to support this...
  49. ncbi request reprint [Infant mortality in Finland during the years of 1969-1996]
    Marjo Kallunki
    Oulun yliopiston lastentautien klinikka
    Duodecim 120:2100-7. 2004
  50. doi request reprint Cytokine responses in cord blood predict the severity of later respiratory syncytial virus infection
    Hanna Juntti
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, PO Box 5000, University of Oulu, Oulu FI 90014, Finland
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 124:52-58.e1-2. 2009
    ..It has been claimed that an early respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection can induce asthma and recurrent wheezing...
  51. ncbi request reprint Xylitol administered only during respiratory infections failed to prevent acute otitis media
    Terhi Tapiainen
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Pediatrics 109:E19. 2002
    ..As regular administration of xylitol had been effective in preventing acute otitis media (AOM) in children, we tested whether xylitol administered only at times of acute respiratory infection (ARI) reduces the occurrence of AOM...
  52. doi request reprint Escherichia coli biofilm formation and recurrences of urinary tract infections in children
    T Tapiainen
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, P O Box 5000, Kajaanintie 50, 90029, Oulu, Finland
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 33:111-5. 2014
    ..It would be valuable in the future to analyze whether the biofilm properties of E. coli observed in vitro predict a slower clinical response to antimicrobial treatment and increased renal scar formation after UTI. ..
  53. ncbi request reprint The common cold in patients with a history of recurrent sinusitis: increased symptoms and radiologic sinusitislike findings
    O P Alho
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oulu, Finland
    J Fam Pract 50:26-31. 2001
    ..We evaluated whether the symptoms and signs and radiologic findings during a common cold are similar in patients who have and have not suffered from recurrent sinusitis...
  54. doi request reprint Hospital-associated infections during and after care in a paediatric infectious disease ward
    S E Kinnula
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    J Hosp Infect 68:334-40. 2008
    ..Eight percent of the patients in our ward, where alcohol hand gel is actively used and single rooms are common, developed an HAI. Eighty percent of the HAIs appeared at home, which emphasises the importance of post-discharge follow-up...
  55. ncbi request reprint Clinical guidelines and hospital discharges of children with acute urinary tract infections
    M Nuutinen
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Pediatr Nephrol 13:45-9. 1999
    ..According to our data, valid clinical guidelines are effective in changing clinical practice...
  56. ncbi request reprint Pacifier as a risk factor for acute otitis media: A randomized, controlled trial of parental counseling
    M Niemela
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Phoniatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Pediatrics 106:483-8. 2000
    ..To evaluate the association between pacifier use and the increased occurrence of acute otitis media (AOM) in an intervention trial...
  57. ncbi request reprint Recurrence and follow-up after urinary tract infection under the age of 1 year
    M Nuutinen
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, P O Box 5000, 90401 Oulu, Finland
    Pediatr Nephrol 16:69-72. 2001
    ..Since the vast majority of UTI recurrences occur within 6 months of the first UTI, routine follow-up for 6 months seems to be sufficient after symptomatic UTI in children with grade 3-5 VUR...
  58. ncbi request reprint Association of an early respiratory syncytial virus infection and atopic allergy
    H Juntti
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, PO Box 5000, FIN 90014 Oulu, Finland
    Allergy 58:878-84. 2003
    ..Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes postbronchiolitic wheezing but its role in allergic sensitization is controversial. The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of an early RSV infection on allergic sensitization...
  59. ncbi request reprint Ultrastructure of Streptococcus pneumoniae after exposure to xylitol
    Terhi Tapiainen
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, PO Box 5000, FIN 90014, Oulu
    J Antimicrob Chemother 54:225-8. 2004
    ..We hypothesized that xylitol could affect the surface structures of viable pneumococci, which would further explain the mechanism of action of xylitol in preventing acute otitis media...
  60. doi request reprint Trends in childhood mortality from 1969 to 2004 in Finland
    Marjo Lantto
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Acta Paediatr 97:1024-9. 2008
    ..The aim was to evaluate the trends in childhood mortality in Finland from 1969 to 2004. We especially wanted to find out whether the decline in mortality is continuous and whether there are still deaths that could be prevented...
  61. ncbi request reprint Failure of xylitol given three times a day for preventing acute otitis media
    Outi Hautalahti
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:423-7. 2007
    ..To find a more convenient dosing regimen, we tested whether xylitol administered 3 times a day reduces the occurrence of AOM...
  62. ncbi request reprint A randomized, controlled trial of tonsillectomy in periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis syndrome
    M Renko
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    J Pediatr 151:289-92. 2007
    ..We carried out a prospective, randomized, controlled trial to clarify the effect of tonsillectomy on the clinical course of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome...
  63. doi request reprint Antipyretic agents for preventing recurrences of febrile seizures: randomized controlled trial
    Teemu Strengell
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:799-804. 2009
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of different antipyretic agents and their highest recommended doses for preventing febrile seizures...
  64. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of five days' barbiturate anesthesia in the treatment of intractable epilepsies in children
    H Rantala
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Epilepsia 40:1775-9. 1999
    ..To analyze the efficacy of barbiturate anesthesia in the treatment of intractable epilepsies in childhood...
  65. ncbi request reprint Febrile seizures and mesial temporal sclerosis: No association in a long-term follow-up study
    R Tarkka
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Neurology 60:215-8. 2003
    ..To determine whether febrile seizures cause mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS), the occurrence of MTS was evaluated in an unselected series of patients with febrile seizures...
  66. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis of vesicoureteral reflux and urinary tract infection in children
    Mika Venhola
    Department of Pediatrics, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
    Scand J Urol Nephrol 40:98-102. 2006
    ..We evaluated the efficacy of medical and surgical treatment of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children by means of a meta-analysis, using the recurrence of urinary tract infections (UTIs), renal growth and renal scarring as endpoints...
  67. doi request reprint Respiratory viral infections in children with leukemia
    Minna Koskenvuo
    Department of Pediatrics, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:974-80. 2008
    ..Respiratory viruses occur frequently in the community and are a common cause of fever in children. Data on respiratory viral infections in children with cancer are limited...
  68. ncbi request reprint Dynamics of gut colonization and source of intestinal flora in healthy newborn infants
    Terhi Tapiainen
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    APMIS 114:812-7. 2006
    ..The effect of the maternal flora on the initial gut colonization may be less than expected as the fecal flora of infants started to resemble both the fecal flora of the mother as well as that of the first nurse...
  69. pmc Adenoidectomy versus chemoprophylaxis and placebo for recurrent acute otitis media in children aged under 2 years: randomised controlled trial
    Petri Koivunen
    University of Oulu, PO Box 5000, FIN 90014, Finland
    BMJ 328:487. 2004
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of adenoidectomy compared with long term chemoprophylaxis and placebo in the prevention of recurrent acute otitis media in children aged between 10 months and 2 years...
  70. doi request reprint Evaluation of decision rules for identifying serious consequences of traumatic head injuries in pediatric patients
    Sanna Klemetti
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu 90014, Finland
    Pediatr Emerg Care 25:811-5. 2009
    ..We evaluated the existing decision rules and developed our own decision rule for use with pediatric patients having head injuries to see how good they are for identifying serious complications...
  71. doi request reprint Risk factors for croup in children with recurrent respiratory infections: a case-control study
    Hannele Pruikkonen
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 23:153-9. 2009
    ..5 (95% CI 0.2, 1.0, P = 0.04). Family history appeared to be an exceptionally strong predictive factor for croup and its recurrence. In this patient series prone to respiratory infections recurrence of croup was common...
  72. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular risk factors in childhood and carotid artery intima-media thickness in adulthood: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study
    Olli T Raitakari
    Department of Clinical Physiology and PET Centre, University of Turku, Turku
    JAMA 290:2277-83. 2003
    ..Exposure to cardiovascular risk factors during childhood and adolescence may be associated with the development of atherosclerosis later in life...
  73. ncbi request reprint Recent advances in otitis media. 1. Epidemiology, natural history, and risk factors
    Kathleen A Daly
    Department of Otolaryngology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol Suppl 194:8-15. 2005