K Silventoinen

Summary

Affiliation: University of Helsinki
Country: Finland

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Genetic regulation of growth in height and weight from 3 to 12 years of age: a longitudinal study of Dutch twin children
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Twin Res Hum Genet 10:354-63. 2007
  2. pmc Occupational class differences in body mass index and weight gain in Japan and Finland
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki
    J Epidemiol 23:443-50. 2013
  3. pmc Associations of mortality with own height using son's height as an instrumental variable
    David Carslake
    MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology CAiTE, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    Econ Hum Biol 11:351-9. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Social modifications of the multiple birth effect on IQ and body size: a population-based study of young adult males
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 27:380-7. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Height, age at first birth, and lifetime reproductive success: a prospective cohort study of Finnish male and female twins
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Twin Res Hum Genet 16:581-9. 2013
  6. doi request reprint Changing associations between partnership history and risk of accidents, violence and suicides
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 67:265-70. 2013
  7. doi request reprint Genetic and environmental influences on chest circumference during infancy: a longitudinal study of japanese twins
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, P O Box 18, 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 26:553-60. 2012
  8. pmc Genetic and environmental contributions to the association between anthropometric measures and iq: a study of Minnesota twins at age 11 and 17
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Unioninkatu 35, Helsinki, Finland
    Behav Genet 42:393-401. 2012
  9. pmc Growth in height in childhood and risk of coronary heart disease in adult men and women
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    PLoS ONE 7:e30476. 2012
  10. pmc Sense of coherence and intentions to retire early among Finnish women and men
    Salla Maarit Volanen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Public Health 10:22. 2010

Detail Information

Publications96

  1. ncbi request reprint Genetic regulation of growth in height and weight from 3 to 12 years of age: a longitudinal study of Dutch twin children
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Twin Res Hum Genet 10:354-63. 2007
    ..Environmental factors affecting height and BMI during growth period are also important, and further studies are needed to identify these factors and test whether they interact with genetic factors...
  2. pmc Occupational class differences in body mass index and weight gain in Japan and Finland
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki
    J Epidemiol 23:443-50. 2013
    ..We compared occupational class differences in BMI and BMI change in Japan and Finland...
  3. pmc Associations of mortality with own height using son's height as an instrumental variable
    David Carslake
    MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology CAiTE, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    Econ Hum Biol 11:351-9. 2013
    ....
  4. doi request reprint Social modifications of the multiple birth effect on IQ and body size: a population-based study of young adult males
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 27:380-7. 2013
    ..Twins and triplets fall behind singletons in cognitive and physical development. We analysed whether these differences are modified by family social position...
  5. doi request reprint Height, age at first birth, and lifetime reproductive success: a prospective cohort study of Finnish male and female twins
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Twin Res Hum Genet 16:581-9. 2013
    ..In females, genetic factors explained the association between short stature and young age at first birth, which may suggest the role of hormonal factors...
  6. doi request reprint Changing associations between partnership history and risk of accidents, violence and suicides
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 67:265-70. 2013
    ..Furthermore, the role of cohabitation and partnership history in the formation of these differences and how they have been changed over time are poorly understood...
  7. doi request reprint Genetic and environmental influences on chest circumference during infancy: a longitudinal study of japanese twins
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, P O Box 18, 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 26:553-60. 2012
    ..Thus we analysed the effects of genetic and environmental factors on the development of CC in Japanese infants...
  8. pmc Genetic and environmental contributions to the association between anthropometric measures and iq: a study of Minnesota twins at age 11 and 17
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Unioninkatu 35, Helsinki, Finland
    Behav Genet 42:393-401. 2012
    ..Head circumference and height capture information on children's physical development, which is partly associated also with cognitive development...
  9. pmc Growth in height in childhood and risk of coronary heart disease in adult men and women
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    PLoS ONE 7:e30476. 2012
    ..We investigated the association between growth in height from 7 to 13 years of age and the risk of CHD in adulthood...
  10. pmc Sense of coherence and intentions to retire early among Finnish women and men
    Salla Maarit Volanen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Public Health 10:22. 2010
    ..This study investigated the associations between SOC and intentions to retire early and whether these associations were explained by socio-economic, psychosocial and work and health related factors...
  11. ncbi request reprint Heritability of body height and educational attainment in an international context: comparison of adult twins in Minnesota and Finland
    Karri Silventoinen
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Am J Hum Biol 16:544-55. 2004
    ..Nonfamilial factors affecting education are possibly different in Minnesota than in Finland, since in Finland they are partly associated with the factors affecting height...
  12. pmc Health inequalities by education and age in four Nordic countries, 1986 and 1994
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:253-8. 2002
    ..To compare the age pattern of educational health inequalities in four Nordic countries in the mid-1980s and the mid-1990s...
  13. ncbi request reprint Effect of environmental and genetic factors on education-associated disparities in weight and weight gain: a study of Finnish adult twins
    Karri Silventoinen
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:815-22. 2004
    ..Disparities in body mass index (BMI) between persons with different educational levels in Western countries are well documented, but the background of these education-associated disparities remains poorly understood...
  14. ncbi request reprint Association between height and coronary heart disease mortality: a prospective study of 35,000 twin pairs
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Epidemiol 163:615-21. 2006
    ..14, 95% CI: 1.01, 1.28). The inverse association between height and CHD mortality found within monozygotic discordant twin pairs suggests that this association is because of environmental factors that directly affect height and CHD risk...
  15. doi request reprint Genetics of head circumference in infancy: a longitudinal study of Japanese twins
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Hum Biol 23:630-4. 2011
    ..Thus, we decided to analyze the genetics of HC growth in Japanese infants...
  16. doi request reprint Genetic regulation of pre-pubertal development of body mass index: a longitudinal study of Japanese twin boys and girls
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Behav Genet 41:234-41. 2011
    ..Our results suggest that the genetic architecture of BMI development in the Japanese population is generally similar to that found in previous twin studies in Caucasian populations...
  17. doi request reprint Genetics of tracking of body mass index from birth to late middle age: evidence from twin and family studies
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Sociology, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Obes Facts 2:196-202. 2009
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Trends in obesity and energy supply in the WHO MONICA Project
    K Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:710-8. 2004
    ..To examine the relationship between secular trends in energy supply and body mass index (BMI) among several countries...
  19. ncbi request reprint Social background, adult body-height and health
    K Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Epidemiol 28:911-8. 1999
    ..To study the socio-demographic determinants of body-height and the bearing of these determinants on the association between body-height and health among Finnish adults...
  20. pmc Relative effect of genetic and environmental factors on body height: differences across birth cohorts among Finnish men and women
    K Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Public Health 90:627-30. 2000
    ..This study examined the change in heritability of adult body height across birth cohorts in Finland...
  21. ncbi request reprint Body height, birth cohort and social background in Finland and Sweden
    K Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, P O Box 41, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 11:124-9. 2001
    ..Body height differences were examined by birth cohort, economic difficulties in childhood and adult socioeconomic position in Finland and Sweden...
  22. ncbi request reprint Selective international migration by social position, health behaviour and personality
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 18:150-5. 2008
    ..We analysed differences in psycho-social and health behavioural factors between international migrants and non-migrants prior to migration in a large cohort of Finnish twins...
  23. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in genetic and environmental factors contributing to body-height
    K Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, PO Box 41, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Twin Res 4:25-9. 2001
    ..The stronger contribution of environmental factors to body-height among women questions the hypothesis that women are better buffered against environmental stress, at least for this phenotype...
  24. doi request reprint Genetics of pre-pubertal growth: a longitudinal study of Japanese twins
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Hum Biol 38:608-14. 2011
    ..Genetic factors explain a major part of the variation of adult stature, but little is still known on the genetics of growth, especially in non-Caucasian populations...
  25. pmc Modification effects of physical activity and protein intake on heritability of body size and composition
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:1096-103. 2009
    ..The development of obesity is still a poorly understood process that is dependent on both genetic and environmental factors...
  26. ncbi request reprint Genetic contributions to the association between height and intelligence: Evidence from Dutch twin data from childhood to middle age
    K Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Genes Brain Behav 5:585-95. 2006
    ....
  27. doi request reprint The genetic and environmental influences on childhood obesity: a systematic review of twin and adoption studies
    K Silventoinen
    Department of Sociology, Population Research Unit, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 34:29-40. 2010
    ..More studies of genetic architecture in non-Caucasian populations, of gene-environment interactions, and of body composition and body fat distribution are needed...
  28. ncbi request reprint Genetic and environmental factors affecting self-rated health from age 16-25: a longitudinal study of Finnish twins
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, P O Box 41, Mannerheimintie 172, FIN 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    Behav Genet 37:326-33. 2007
    ..An important challenge for further research is to identify environmental influences contributing to self-rated health independently of, or in interaction with, genetic factors...
  29. ncbi request reprint The validity of the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score for the prediction of the incidence of coronary heart disease and stroke, and total mortality
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 12:451-8. 2005
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Genetic and environmental factors in relative weight from birth to age 18: the Swedish young male twins study
    K Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:615-21. 2007
    ..To investigate the contributions of genetic and environmental factors to the development of relative weight during the growth period...
  31. ncbi request reprint The effects of physical activity and body mass index on cardiovascular, cancer and all-cause mortality among 47 212 middle-aged Finnish men and women
    G Hu
    Diabetes and Genetic Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 29:894-902. 2005
    ..To examine the association of physical activity and body mass index (BMI), and their combined effect, with the risk of total, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer mortality...
  32. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in illhealth in Finland: patterns, magnitude and change
    E Lahelma
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Soc Sci Med 48:7-19. 1999
    ..Furthermore, the results suggest that a male excess in illhealth is likely to be found with more severe domains of illhealth among elderly people...
  33. ncbi request reprint Socio-economic status and abdominal obesity among Finnish adults from 1992 to 2002
    S Sarlio-Lähteenkorva
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1653-60. 2006
    ..To examine 10-year changes in waist circumference (WC) and identify socio-economic groups having higher WC than expected by their body mass index (BMI)...
  34. pmc Genetic and environmental effects on body mass index during adolescence: a prospective study among Finnish twins
    H R Lajunen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 33:559-67. 2009
    ..To study genetic and environmental factors affecting body mass index (BMI) and BMI phenotypic correlations across adolescence...
  35. ncbi request reprint The association between thinness and socio-economic disadvantage, health indicators, and adverse health behaviour: a study of 28 000 Finnish men and women
    S Sarlio-Lähteenkorva
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:568-73. 2004
    ..To examine how thinness is associated with indicators of socio-economic disadvantage, health-related behaviours, and health indicators including mortality...
  36. doi request reprint Physical activity reduces the influence of genetic effects on BMI and waist circumference: a study in young adult twins
    L Mustelin
    Department of Public Health, Twin Research Unit, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 33:29-36. 2009
    ..We therefore analyzed these complex relationships, and also examined whether physical activity modifies the degree of genetic influence on body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)...
  37. ncbi request reprint Genetic and environmental contributions to the association between body height and educational attainment: a study of adult Finnish twins
    K Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Behav Genet 30:477-85. 2000
    ..The correlation of genetic factors between these two characteristics was not statistically significant. The results suggest that the association between body height and education is due mainly to nongenetic family factors...
  38. doi request reprint Evidence that BMI and type 2 diabetes share only a minor fraction of genetic variance: a follow-up study of 23,585 monozygotic and dizygotic twins from the Finnish Twin Cohort Study
    M Lehtovirta
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, P O Box 41, FIN 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    Diabetologia 53:1314-21. 2010
    ..We investigated whether BMI predicts type 2 diabetes in twins and to what extent that is explained by common genetic factors...
  39. ncbi request reprint Occupational, commuting, and leisure-time physical activity in relation to risk for Type 2 diabetes in middle-aged Finnish men and women
    G Hu
    Diabetes and Genetic Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Diabetologia 46:322-9. 2003
    ..This study is to examine the relationship of occupational, commuting and leisure-time physical activity with the incidence of Type 2 diabetes...
  40. ncbi request reprint Intentional weight loss and smoking in young adults
    S E Saarni
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:796-802. 2004
    ..To investigate whether current smoking and lifetime snuff use are associated with a lifetime history of major (>/=5 kg) intentional weight loss in young adults, and to examine the dependence of this association on familial factors...
  41. ncbi request reprint Coffee consumption, serum gamma-glutamyltransferase and risk of type II diabetes
    S Bidel
    Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 62:178-85. 2008
    ..To study the joint association of coffee consumption and serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) levels on the risk of developing type II diabetes...
  42. pmc Relative weight and income at different levels of socioeconomic status
    Sirpa Sarlio-Lähteenkorva
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Public Health 94:468-72. 2004
    ..We examined the association of relative weight with individual income at different levels of socioeconomic status among gainfully employed Finnish women and men...
  43. ncbi request reprint The association between body height and coronary heart disease among Finnish twins and singletons
    Karri Silventoinen
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 32:78-82. 2003
    ..However, the mechanisms behind this association are still largely unknown. We will examine the role of genetic and familial factors behind the association in a large twin data set...
  44. pmc Determinants of health inequalities by income from the 1980s to the 1990s in Finland
    Ossi Rahkonen
    Department of Social Policy, PO Box 18, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:442-3. 2002
  45. ncbi request reprint Negative life events and stability of sense of coherence: a five-year follow-up study of Finnish women and men
    S M Volanen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Scand J Psychol 48:433-41. 2007
    ..SOC was related to negative changes in people's environment. Initially strong SOC was not more stable than initially mediocre or weak SOC. Men and women reacted quite similarly to negative life events...
  46. doi request reprint Genetics of pubertal timing and its associations with relative weight in childhood and adult height: the Swedish Young Male Twins Study
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Pediatrics 121:e885-91. 2008
    ..Because the genetic background of these associations is not thoroughly investigated, we aimed to analyze it in a longitudinal twin cohort...
  47. ncbi request reprint Assortative mating by body height and BMI: Finnish twins and their spouses
    Karri Silventoinen
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454 1015, USA
    Am J Hum Biol 15:620-7. 2003
    ..Our results show that assortative mating needs to be considered in population genetic studies of body height and weight...
  48. ncbi request reprint Association and causal relationship of midlife obesity and related metabolic disorders with old age cognition
    V S Laitala
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Curr Alzheimer Res 8:699-706. 2011
    ..We examined the effect of midlife BMI and related metabolic conditions on old age cognitive performance and whether there was evidence from direct causal pathways behind these associations in a large sample of Finnish twins...
  49. pmc Associations of SF-36 mental health functioning and work and family related factors with intentions to retire early among employees
    K Harkonmäki
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Occup Environ Med 63:558-63. 2006
    ..To examine the associations of mental health functioning (SF-36) and work and family related psychosocial factors with intentions to retire early...
  50. doi request reprint Heritability of body size and muscle strength in young adulthood: a study of one million Swedish men
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Genet Epidemiol 32:341-9. 2008
    ..This may have inflated heritability estimates in previous twin studies. Nonetheless, we showed that genetic factors affect muscle strength and part of these genes are common to different strength indicators and body size...
  51. ncbi request reprint Association between intelligence and coronary heart disease mortality: a population-based cohort study of 682 361 Swedish men
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 14:555-60. 2007
    ..We investigated associations between intelligence and coronary heart disease mortality and explored if they are confounded or modified by socio-economic position...
  52. ncbi request reprint Heritability of adult body height: a comparative study of twin cohorts in eight countries
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Twin Res 6:399-408. 2003
    ..Our results indicate that, in general, there are only minor differences in the genetic architecture of height between affluent Caucasian populations, especially among men...
  53. ncbi request reprint Joint effects of physical activity, body mass index, waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio with the risk of cardiovascular disease among middle-aged Finnish men and women
    Gang Hu
    Diabetes and Genetic Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Eur Heart J 25:2212-9. 2004
    ..To assess joint associations of physical activity and different indicators of obesity (body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio) with the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
  54. ncbi request reprint Leisure time, occupational, and commuting physical activity and the risk of stroke
    Gang Hu
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Stroke 36:1994-9. 2005
    ..We assessed the relationship of different types of physical activity with total and type-specific stroke risk...
  55. ncbi request reprint Physical activity, body mass index, and risk of type 2 diabetes in patients with normal or impaired glucose regulation
    Gang Hu
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Arch Intern Med 164:892-6. 2004
    ..Sedentary lifestyle, obesity, and impaired glucose regulation are associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes. However, the joint associations of these risk factors are not known...
  56. doi request reprint Genetic and environmental correlations between body mass index and waist circumference in China: the Qingdao adolescent twin study
    F Ning
    Department of Public Health, Hjelt Institute, University of Helsinki, Mannerheimintie 172, 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    Behav Genet 43:340-7. 2013
    ..Genetic factors play an important role in variations in BMI and WC during childhood. Common genetic and non-shared environmental factors explained most of the association between BMI and WC for both boys and girls. ..
  57. doi request reprint Genetic regulation of growth from birth to 18 years of age: the Swedish young male twins study
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Hum Biol 20:292-8. 2008
    ..These results suggest that genetic regulation of growth is rather uniform, which is encouraging for further efforts to identify genes affecting growth...
  58. doi request reprint Association of body size and muscle strength with incidence of coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases: a population-based cohort study of one million Swedish men
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Epidemiol 38:110-8. 2009
    ..Muscle strength and body size may be associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke risk. However, perhaps because of a low number of cases, existing evidence is inconsistent...
  59. ncbi request reprint Sense of coherence and its determinants: a comparative study of the Finnish-speaking majority and the Swedish-speaking minority in Finland
    Salla Maarit Volanen
    Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Finland
    Scand J Public Health 34:515-25. 2006
    ..This study investigated (1) the level of sense of coherence (SOC), (2) the structure of generalized resistance resources (GRRs), and (3) associations of GRRs with SOC among Finnish- and Swedish-speaking Finns...
  60. doi request reprint Emotional eating, depressive symptoms and self-reported food consumption. A population-based study
    Hanna Konttinen
    Department of Social Psychology, University of Helsinki, Unionink 37 P O Box 54, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Appetite 54:473-9. 2010
    ..Emotional eating could be one factor explaining the association between depressive symptoms and consumption of sweet foods, while other factors may be more important with respect to non-sweet foods and vegetables/fruit...
  61. ncbi request reprint The effects of childhood circumstances, adult socioeconomic status, and material circumstances on physical and mental functioning: a structural equation modelling approach
    Mikko Laaksonen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Epidemiol 17:431-9. 2007
    ..We sought to examine the importance of childhood circumstances, adult socioeconomic status, and material circumstances to physical and mental functioning among middle-aged women and men...
  62. ncbi request reprint Mental health functioning (SF-36) and intentions to retire early among ageing municipal employees: the Helsinki Health Study
    Karoliina Harkonmäki
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Scand J Public Health 34:190-8. 2006
    ..To examine the associations of mental health functioning with intentions to retire early among ageing municipal employees...
  63. ncbi request reprint Genetic architecture of smoking behavior: a study of Finnish adult twins
    Ulla Broms
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Twin Res Hum Genet 9:64-72. 2006
    ..This has implications for defining phenotypes in searches for genes underlying smoking behaviors...
  64. doi request reprint Emotional eating and physical activity self-efficacy as pathways in the association between depressive symptoms and adiposity indicators
    Hanna Konttinen
    Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:1031-9. 2010
    ..There is increasing evidence that depressive symptoms and obesity are positively related, but the mechanisms that explain the association between them are unclear...
  65. doi request reprint Environmental effects exceed genetic effects on perceived intensity and pleasantness of several odors: a three-population twin study
    Antti Knaapila
    Department of Food Technology, University of Helsinki, P O Box 66, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Behav Genet 38:484-92. 2008
    ..The results promote the importance of inter-individual variation in odor exposures and olfactory plasticity to odor perception...
  66. ncbi request reprint Educational inequalities in the metabolic syndrome and coronary heart disease among middle-aged men and women
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, PO Box 41, Mannerheimintie 172, FIN 00014, Finland
    Int J Epidemiol 34:327-34. 2005
    ..We investigated this question in a prospective study of middle-aged men and women...
  67. ncbi request reprint Factors contributing to sense of coherence among men and women
    Salla Maarit Volanen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 14:322-30. 2004
    ..e. childhood living conditions, work and family life, and social relationships, with sense of coherence (SOC) among Finnish men and women. A particular interest was devoted to interactions between sex and GRR...
  68. ncbi request reprint Smoking cessation by socioeconomic status and marital status: the contribution of smoking behavior and family background
    Ulla Broms
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Nicotine Tob Res 6:447-55. 2004
    ..91, 95% CI=1.02-15.02). Indicators of socioeconomic status were important predictors of smoking cessation even when we adjusted for previous smoking behavior. For men, marriage was associated with an increased probability of cessation..
  69. ncbi request reprint Appropriateness of anthropometric obesity indicators in assessment of coronary heart disease risk among Finnish men and women
    Karri Silventoinen
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454 1015, USA
    Scand J Public Health 31:283-90. 2003
    ..The aim of the study was to compare the appropriateness of different obesity indicators in the assessment of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk...
  70. doi request reprint Genetics of coffee consumption and its stability
    Venla S Laitala
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Addiction 103:2054-61. 2008
    ..The role of genetic factors contributing to interindividual differences and their stability in coffee use is not well known...
  71. doi request reprint Coffee drinking in middle age is not associated with cognitive performance in old age
    Venla S Laitala
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:640-6. 2009
    ..It has been suggested that coffee has a protective effect on cognitive performance in old age, but only some of the previous studies have shown this association...
  72. ncbi request reprint Food neophobia shows heritable variation in humans
    Antti Knaapila
    Department of Food Technology, University of Helsinki, FI 00014, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Physiol Behav 91:573-8. 2007
    ..The results from both populations suggest that about two thirds of variation in food neophobia is genetically determined...
  73. doi request reprint Eating styles, self-control and obesity indicators. The moderating role of obesity status and dieting history on restrained eating
    Hanna Konttinen
    Department of Social Psychology, Unionink 37 P O Box 54, 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Appetite 53:131-4. 2009
    ..These results suggest that restrained eating may be related to better weight control among those who need and/or are motivated to lose weight while among others it may indicate problems with eating...
  74. ncbi request reprint Same genetic components underlie different measures of sweet taste preference
    Kaisu Keskitalo
    Department of Food Technology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:1663-9. 2007
    ..Sweet taste preferences are measured by several often correlated measures...
  75. ncbi request reprint Recurrent dieting and smoking among Finnish men and women
    Suoma E Saarni
    Department of Public Health, PO Box 41, University of Helsinki, and Department of Psychiatry, Helsinki University Hospital, Finland
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:1851-9. 2007
    ..To examine the association of smoking with recurrent dieting and BMI among Finnish adults...
  76. doi request reprint Register-based study among employees showed small nonparticipation bias in health surveys and check-ups
    Mikko Laaksonen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Clin Epidemiol 61:900-6. 2008
    ....
  77. pmc Genetic and environmental contributions to food use patterns of young adult twins
    Kaisu Keskitalo
    Department of Food Technology, University of Helsinki, P O Box 66, FI 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Physiol Behav 93:235-42. 2008
    ..In addition, the results illuminate the importance of the sex-specific genetic effects on food use...
  78. ncbi request reprint The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire, body mass index, and responses to sweet and salty fatty foods: a twin study of genetic and environmental associations
    Kaisu Keskitalo
    Departments of Food Technology and Mental Health and Alcohol Studies, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:263-71. 2008
    ..The relation between body weight and energy-dense foods remains unclear...
  79. doi request reprint Does obesity modify the effect of blood pressure on the risk of cardiovascular disease? A population-based cohort study of more than one million Swedish men
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Circulation 118:1637-42. 2008
    ..Given the inconsistency of this result, we tested it using a large population-based cohort data set...
  80. pmc The genetic liability to disability retirement: a 30-year follow-up study of 24,000 Finnish twins
    Karoliina Harkonmäki
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    PLoS ONE 3:e3402. 2008
    ..The main aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of genetic factors on disability retirement due to the most common medical causes, including depressive disorders...
  81. doi request reprint Intentions to retire, life dissatisfaction and the subsequent risk of disability retirement
    Karolna Harkonmäki
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Scand J Public Health 37:252-9. 2009
    ..To examine the predictive value of intentions to retire early on the process of disability retirement and the contribution of life dissatisfaction to the association between intentions to retire early and disability retirement...
  82. doi request reprint Self-ratings of olfactory function reflect odor annoyance rather than olfactory acuity
    Antti Knaapila
    Department of Food Technology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Laryngoscope 118:2212-7. 2008
    ..We explored these ratings relative to self-rating of odor annoyance, to odor identification ability, and to mean perceived intensity of odors, and estimated relative genetic and environmental contributions to these traits...
  83. pmc Genetic and environmental factors affecting self-esteem from age 14 to 17: a longitudinal study of Finnish twins
    Anu Raevuori
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychol Med 37:1625-33. 2007
    ..We analysed genetic and environmental influences on self-esteem and its stability in adolescence...
  84. pmc Combined genome scans for body stature in 6,602 European twins: evidence for common Caucasian loci
    Markus Perola
    Department of Molecular Medicine, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    PLoS Genet 3:e97. 2007
    ..To facilitate the genetic studies of stature we have also set up a website that lists all stature genome scans published and their most significant loci (http://www.genomeutwin.org/stature_gene_map.htm)...
  85. doi request reprint Telomere length and cardiovascular risk in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: the LIFE study
    F Fyhrquist
    Minerva Institute for Medical Research, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    J Hum Hypertens 25:711-8. 2011
    ..Our data suggest that reduced leukocyte telomere length is associated with cardiovascular risk factors and diseases as well as type 2 diabetes, and is a predictor of cardiovascular disease in elderly patients with hypertension and LVH...
  86. ncbi request reprint Body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-hip ratio on the risk of total and type-specific stroke
    Gang Hu
    Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Diseases Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Arch Intern Med 167:1420-7. 2007
    ..Adiposity is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but the relationship of adiposity with the risk of cerebrovascular disease is still to some extent unclear...
  87. ncbi request reprint Determinants of variation in adult body height
    Karri Silventoinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Biosoc Sci 35:263-85. 2003
    ..Future studies combining different scientific traditions in auxology are needed to create a more holistic view of body height...
  88. ncbi request reprint Comparison of body mass index, waist circumference, and waist/hip ratio in predicting incident diabetes: a meta-analysis
    Gabriela Vazquez
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 29:115-28. 2007
    ..Although the clinical perspective focusing on central obesity is appealing, further research is needed to determine the usefulness of waist circumference or waist/hip ratio over body mass index...
  89. doi request reprint Ethnic differences in blood pressure in young men living in similar environment: a study of international adoptees in Sweden
    Karri Silventoinen
    Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Hypertens 28:1393-9. 2010
    ..To analyze differences in blood pressure in young men with different ethnic backgrounds but living in similar environment...
  90. pmc Association of AKT1 with verbal learning, verbal memory, and regional cortical gray matter density in twins
    Olli P H Pietiläinen
    FIMM, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland and National Public Health Institute, Biomedicum, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 150:683-92. 2009
    ..The established association of the same allelic variant of AKT1 with both cognitive and neuroanatomical aberrations could suggest that AKT1 exerts its effect on verbal learning and memory via neural networks involving prefrontal cortex...
  91. doi request reprint Shift-work and cardiovascular disease: a population-based 22-year follow-up study
    Christer Hublin
    Research Center, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Epidemiol 25:315-23. 2010
    ..Within twin pairs, no association between shift work and outcome was observed. Our results do not support an association between shift-work and cardiovascular morbidity...
  92. doi request reprint Genetic influences on growth traits of BMI: a longitudinal study of adult twins
    Jacob v B Hjelmborg
    Statistics and Epidemiology, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:847-52. 2008
    ..To investigate the interplay between genetic factors influencing baseline level and changes in BMI in adulthood...
  93. pmc Genetic and environmental influences on pubertal timing assessed by height growth
    Karoliina Wehkalampi
    Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Hospital, 00290 Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Hum Biol 20:417-23. 2008
    ..Future comparison of the results of periodic evaluations allows estimation of possible changes in the effects of environment on timing of puberty. In such studies, HD:SDS can be used as a practical marker of pubertal timing...
  94. ncbi request reprint gamma-Glutamyltransferase, obesity, and the risk of type 2 diabetes: observational cohort study among 20,158 middle-aged men and women
    Duk Hee Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, 1Ga Dongin Dong, Jung Gu, Daegu, South Korea 700 422
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:5410-4. 2004
    ..In conclusion, in women as well as men, serum GGT level within its normal range predicted type 2 diabetes and may modify the well-known association between body mass index and type 2 diabetes...
  95. ncbi request reprint Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase predicts non-fatal myocardial infarction and fatal coronary heart disease among 28,838 middle-aged men and women
    Duk Hee Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Jung Gu, Daegu, South Korea 700 422
    Eur Heart J 27:2170-6. 2006
    ..This study examined if serum GGT predicted coronary heart disease (CHD), especially differentiating non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and fatal CHD event, among the general population or participants with type-2 diabetes...
  96. ncbi request reprint [Genes, environment and intelligence]
    Karri Silventoinen
    Duodecim 121:125-6. 2005