Kaisu H Pitkala

Summary

Affiliation: University of Helsinki
Country: Finland

Publications

  1. pmc Anticholinergic drugs and their effects on delirium and mortality in the elderly
    M J Luukkanen
    Unit of General Practice, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Extra 1:43-50. 2011
  2. doi request reprint Effects of the Finnish Alzheimer disease exercise trial (FINALEX): a randomized controlled trial
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    Unit of Primary Health Care, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland
    JAMA Intern Med 173:894-901. 2013
  3. pmc Reducing inappropriate, anticholinergic and psychotropic drugs among older residents in assisted living facilities: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    Unit of General Practice, Helsinki University Central Hospital and Department of General Practice, University of Helsinki, Tukholmankatu 8 B, 00014, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Trials 13:85. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Efficacy of physical exercise intervention on mobility and physical functioning in older people with dementia: a systematic review
    Kaisu Pitkala
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Unit of General Practice and Primary Health Care and University of Helsinki, Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, Finland
    Exp Gerontol 48:85-93. 2013
  5. pmc Psychotropic medication use among nursing home residents in Austria: a cross-sectional study
    Eva Mann
    General practice and Institute for Health Services Research, Rankweil, Austria
    BMC Geriatr 9:18. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Multicomponent geriatric intervention for elderly inpatients with delirium: effects on costs and health-related quality of life
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    Unit of General Practice, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 63:56-61. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Interest in healthy lifestyle and adherence to medications: Impact on mortality among elderly cardiovascular patients in the DEBATE Study
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    University of Helsinki, Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Helsinki, Finland
    Patient Educ Couns 67:44-9. 2007
  8. doi request reprint Effects of socially stimulating group intervention on lonely, older people's cognition: a randomized, controlled trial
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    Central Union for the Welfare of the Aged, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 19:654-63. 2011
  9. doi request reprint Effects of psychosocial group rehabilitation on health, use of health care services, and mortality of older persons suffering from loneliness: a randomized, controlled trial
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    Department of Primary Health Care and General Practice, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64:792-800. 2009
  10. pmc Exercise rehabilitation on home-dwelling patients with Alzheimer's disease--a randomized, controlled trial. Study protocol
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    Unit of General Practice, Helsinki University Central Hospital, University of Helsinki, PO Box 20, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Trials 11:92. 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. pmc Anticholinergic drugs and their effects on delirium and mortality in the elderly
    M J Luukkanen
    Unit of General Practice, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Extra 1:43-50. 2011
    ..To investigate the use of drugs with anticholinergic properties (DAPs) and their associations with delirium and mortality among elderly patients with comorbidities...
  2. doi request reprint Effects of the Finnish Alzheimer disease exercise trial (FINALEX): a randomized controlled trial
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    Unit of Primary Health Care, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland
    JAMA Intern Med 173:894-901. 2013
    ..Few rigorous clinical trials have investigated the effectiveness of exercise on the physical functioning of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD)...
  3. pmc Reducing inappropriate, anticholinergic and psychotropic drugs among older residents in assisted living facilities: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    Unit of General Practice, Helsinki University Central Hospital and Department of General Practice, University of Helsinki, Tukholmankatu 8 B, 00014, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Trials 13:85. 2012
    ..The aim of this trial is to investigate whether training professionals in assisted living facilities reduces the use of inappropriate drugs among residents and has an effect on residents' quality of life and use of health services...
  4. doi request reprint Efficacy of physical exercise intervention on mobility and physical functioning in older people with dementia: a systematic review
    Kaisu Pitkala
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Unit of General Practice and Primary Health Care and University of Helsinki, Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, Finland
    Exp Gerontol 48:85-93. 2013
    ..Nevertheless, these studies consistently show that intensive physical rehabilitation enhances mobility and, when administered over a long period, may also improve the physical functioning of patients with dementia...
  5. pmc Psychotropic medication use among nursing home residents in Austria: a cross-sectional study
    Eva Mann
    General practice and Institute for Health Services Research, Rankweil, Austria
    BMC Geriatr 9:18. 2009
    ..In Austria, prevalence data are lacking. We aimed to determine the prevalence of psychotropic medication prescription in Austrian nursing homes and to explore characteristics associated with their prescription...
  6. ncbi request reprint Multicomponent geriatric intervention for elderly inpatients with delirium: effects on costs and health-related quality of life
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    Unit of General Practice, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 63:56-61. 2008
    ..We studied the effects of multicomponent geriatric treatment on costs of care and HRQoL in delirious inpatients...
  7. ncbi request reprint Interest in healthy lifestyle and adherence to medications: Impact on mortality among elderly cardiovascular patients in the DEBATE Study
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    University of Helsinki, Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Helsinki, Finland
    Patient Educ Couns 67:44-9. 2007
    ..We examined how a patient-centered consultation can help the physician to evaluate older patients' adherence to medical care and a healthy lifestyle. We hypothesised that an accurate estimate of adherence should be shown in their prognosis...
  8. doi request reprint Effects of socially stimulating group intervention on lonely, older people's cognition: a randomized, controlled trial
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    Central Union for the Welfare of the Aged, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 19:654-63. 2011
    ..Loneliness may predict impaired cognition among older people. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of socially stimulating group intervention on cognition among older individuals suffering from loneliness...
  9. doi request reprint Effects of psychosocial group rehabilitation on health, use of health care services, and mortality of older persons suffering from loneliness: a randomized, controlled trial
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    Department of Primary Health Care and General Practice, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64:792-800. 2009
    ..The study aim was to determine the effects of new psychosocial group rehabilitation on the subjective health, use and costs of health services, and mortality of lonely older individuals...
  10. pmc Exercise rehabilitation on home-dwelling patients with Alzheimer's disease--a randomized, controlled trial. Study protocol
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    Unit of General Practice, Helsinki University Central Hospital, University of Helsinki, PO Box 20, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Trials 11:92. 2010
    ..The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of intensive exercise rehabilitation lasting for one year on mobility and physical functioning of home-dwelling patients with AD...
  11. ncbi request reprint Prognostic significance of delirium in frail older people
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    Department of Medicine, Geriatric Clinic, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 19:158-63. 2005
    ..86, 95% CI 1.1-3.1), at 2 years (OR 1.76, 95% CI 1.1-2.8), and for permanent institutionalization (OR 2.45, 95% CI 1.2-4.9). Delirious patients with prior dementia tended to have a better prognosis than those without...
  12. pmc Psychosocial group intervention to enhance self-management skills of people with dementia and their caregivers: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Marja Liisa Laakkonen
    Department of General Practice, University of Helsinki, PO Box 20, Helsinki 00014, Finland
    Trials 13:133. 2012
    ....
  13. doi request reprint Risk of death associated with use of PPIs in three cohorts of institutionalized older people in Finland
    Mariko Teramura-Grönblad
    Helsinki City Health Center, Home Nursing Services, City of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Am Med Dir Assoc 13:488.e9-13. 2012
    ..To (1) explore clinical and demographic characteristics of users and nonusers of PPIs in 3 cohorts of institutionalized older people in Finland, and (2) compare the risk of death associated with use of PPIs in each setting...
  14. doi request reprint Association between anticholinergic drugs and apolipoprotein E epsilon4 allele and poorer cognitive function in older cardiovascular patients: a cross-sectional study
    Juho Uusvaara
    Unit of General Practice, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    J Am Geriatr Soc 57:427-31. 2009
    ..To clarify the association between anticholinergic drugs and apolipoprotein E epsilon4 allele carrier status (APOE4) and cognitive dysfunction...
  15. doi request reprint Use of anticholinergic drugs and cholinesterase inhibitors and their association with psychological well-being among frail older adults in residential care facilities
    Mariko Teramura-Grönblad
    Home Nursing Services, Helsinki City Health Center, Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Pharmacother 45:596-602. 2011
    ..Drugs with anticholinergic properties have harmful effects among frail older people and they may antagonize the effects of cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs). However, their association with psychological well-being has not been studied...
  16. doi request reprint Apathy: prevalence, associated factors, and prognostic value among frail, older inpatients
    Eeva H Hölttä
    Helsinki University Central Hospital, Unit of General Practice and City of Helsinki, Health Center, Helsinki, Finland
    J Am Med Dir Assoc 13:541-5. 2012
    ..We aimed to investigate the prevalence, relationship with delirium and dementia, and prognostic value of apathy in an elderly and frail inpatient population...
  17. ncbi request reprint Use of inappropriate medications and their prognostic significance among in-hospital and nursing home patients with and without dementia in Finland
    Minna M Raivio
    Department of General Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Drugs Aging 23:333-43. 2006
    ..This study examines the use of inappropriate drugs and their impact on mortality and use of health services among Finnish elderly nursing home and hospital patients. Patients with dementia were studied as a special subgroup...
  18. ncbi request reprint Detailed cognitive function and use of drugs with anticholinergic properties in older people: a community-based cross-sectional study
    Juho Uusvaara
    Unit of Primary Health Care, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Drugs Aging 30:177-82. 2013
    ..Many potentially inappropriate drugs prescribed to older people have anticholinergic properties and may therefore be harmful. Drugs with anticholinergic properties (DAPs) are associated with cognitive decline...
  19. ncbi request reprint Exposure to potentially inappropriate drugs and drug-drug interactions in elderly nursing home residents in Helsinki, Finland: a cross-sectional study
    Helka M V Hosia-Randell
    Research and Development Unit for Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Drugs Aging 25:683-92. 2008
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Delirium among patients with and without dementia: does the diagnosis according to the DSM-IV differ from the previous classifications?
    Jouko V Laurila
    Department of Medicine, Helsinki University Hospital, Geriatric Clinic, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 19:271-7. 2004
    ..It is not known how DSM-IV classification, compared with the DSM-III, DSM-III-R, and ICD-10, identifies delirium among individuals with and without dementia and whether the symptom profiles differ between these two subgroups...
  21. ncbi request reprint Detection and documentation of dementia and delirium in acute geriatric wards
    Jouko V Laurila
    Department of Medicine, Helsinki University Hospital, Geriatric Clinic, Helsinki, Finland
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 26:31-5. 2004
    ..3%) in medical records. In 64/77 (83.1%) cases signs of confusion were recorded in nurses' notes. Poor detection and documentation may lead to undertreatment of both disorders...
  22. doi request reprint Geriatric syndromes--vascular disorders?
    Timo E Strandberg
    Department of Medicine, Geriatric Clinic, University of Helsinki, and Helsinki University Hospital, Finland
    Ann Med 45:265-73. 2013
    ..Further disentangling of the mechanisms of vascular ageing may offer therapies for vascular diseases and geriatric syndromes alike...
  23. doi request reprint Will-to-live and survival in a 10-year follow-up among older people
    Helena Karppinen
    Unit of General Practice, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Age Ageing 41:789-94. 2012
    ..there is little research how older people's will-to-live predicts their survival...
  24. doi request reprint Association between alcohol consumption in healthy midlife and telomere length in older men. The Helsinki Businessmen Study
    Timo E Strandberg
    Unit of General Practice, Institute of Health Sciences Geriatrics, University of Oulu Oulun Yliopisto and University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
    Eur J Epidemiol 27:815-22. 2012
    ..Even minor alcohol consumption in midlife was significantly associated with shorter telomere length in old age. The differences represent an up to 10 year gap in biological age between zero and highest consumption...
  25. ncbi request reprint Living will, resuscitation preferences, and attitudes towards life in an aged population
    Marja Liisa Laakkonen
    Helsinki City Hospital Koskela, Helsinki, Finland
    Gerontology 50:247-54. 2004
    ..The growth of life-sustaining medical technology and greater attention to medical care at the end of life have provoked interest in issues related to advance care planning...
  26. doi request reprint Inflammation markers and malnutrition as risk factors for infections and impaired health-related quality of life among older nursing home residents
    Liisa K Kuikka
    University of Helsinki, Department of General Practice and Helsinki University Hospital, Unit of General Practice, Mannerheimintie 172 PL 41, Helsinki, Finland
    J Am Med Dir Assoc 10:348-53. 2009
    ..To explore malnutrition and inflammation markers as risk factors for poor outcome such as infections and impaired health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) among nursing home residents...
  27. doi request reprint Association of telomere length in older men with mortality and midlife body mass index and smoking
    Timo E Strandberg
    Unit of General Practice, Institute of Health Sciences Geriatrics, University of Oulu and University Hospital, Finland
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 66:815-20. 2011
    ..Leukocyte telomere length has been taken as a measure of biological age but several inconsistencies exist...
  28. doi request reprint Family care as collaboration: effectiveness of a multicomponent support program for elderly couples with dementia. Randomized controlled intervention study
    Ulla Eloniemi-Sulkava
    Central Union for the Welfare of the Aged, Helsinki, Finland
    J Am Geriatr Soc 57:2200-8. 2009
    ..To determine whether community care of people with dementia can be prolonged with a 2-year multicomponent intervention program and to analyze effects of the intervention on total usage and expenses of social and healthcare services...
  29. doi request reprint The overlap of delirium with neuropsychiatric symptoms among patients with dementia
    Eeva Hölttä
    Unit of General Practice, Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 19:1034-41. 2011
    ..To study the frequency of overlapping of delirium with neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) among patients with dementia, and to investigate the prognostic value of delirium, multiple NPS without delirium, or neither during a 2-year follow-up...
  30. ncbi request reprint Use of laxatives among older nursing home residents in Helsinki, Finland
    Helka Hosia-Randell
    Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Drugs Aging 24:147-54. 2007
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Impact of viral and bacterial burden on cognitive impairment in elderly persons with cardiovascular diseases
    Timo E Strandberg
    Department of Medicine, Geriatric Clinic, University of Helsinki, PO Box 340, FIN 00029 HUS Helsinki, Finland
    Stroke 34:2126-31. 2003
    ..Inflammation and infectious etiology have been implicated in the pathogenesis of dementia. We sought to investigate whether the seropositivity of common infections was associated with cognitive function...
  32. doi request reprint A qualitative analysis of student Balint groups in medical education: contexts and triggers of case presentations and discussion themes
    Martina A Torppa
    University of Helsinki, Faculty of Medicine, Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, Finland
    Patient Educ Couns 72:5-11. 2008
    ..No previous rigorous qualitative studies exist on student Balint groups. The aim of this study was to explore the contexts and triggers of cases presented in student Balint groups and to clarify the themes in the group discussions...
  33. ncbi request reprint Impact of different diagnostic criteria on prognosis of delirium: a prospective study
    Jouko V Laurila
    Geriatric Clinic, Department of Medicine, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 18:240-4. 2004
    ..The DSM-IV has simplified the criteria of delirium. It identifies new, acutely ill and relatively nondependent subjects as delirious who share the poor prognosis of patients diagnosed with the previous criteria...
  34. ncbi request reprint Management of nonmalignant pain in home-dwelling older people: a population-based survey
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Medicine, Geriatric Clinic, Helsinki, Finland
    J Am Geriatr Soc 50:1861-5. 2002
    ....
  35. doi request reprint Comparison of normal fasting and one-hour glucose levels as predictors of future diabetes during a 34-year follow-up
    Arto Y Strandberg
    Department of Medicine, Geriatric Clinic, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Med 45:336-40. 2013
    ..We examined how normoglycemic levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG) and 1-hour glucose predict the development of diabetes among men initially at low risk...
  36. doi request reprint Sedative load and mortality among residents of long-term care facilities: a prospective cohort study
    Heidi T Taipale
    Division of Social Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Drugs Aging 26:871-81. 2009
    ..Few previous studies have investigated the sedative load among residents of long-term care facilities. No previous studies have assessed the possible association between sedative load and mortality...
  37. doi request reprint Explaining the obesity paradox: cardiovascular risk, weight change, and mortality during long-term follow-up in men
    Timo E Strandberg
    Institute of Health Sciences Geriatrics, University of Oulu and University Hospital, Unit of General Practice, FIN 90014 Oulu, Finland
    Eur Heart J 30:1720-7. 2009
    ..To examine life-long weight trajectories behind the 'obesity paradox', and whether cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk contributes...
  38. pmc The prevalence of potential alcohol-drug interactions in older adults
    Sirpa Immonen
    Espoo City Social and Health Services, Network of Academic Health Centers, University of Helsinki, Unit of General Practice, University Hospital of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Scand J Prim Health Care 31:73-8. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the possibility of clinically significant drug-alcohol interactions among home-dwelling older adults aged ≥ 65 years...
  39. ncbi request reprint Predictors of cognitive decline and mortality of aged people over a 10-year period
    Reijo S Tilvis
    Geriatric Clinic, Department of Medicine, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 59:268-74. 2004
    ..According to the hypothesis of our 10-year prospective study, the predictive values of different risk indicators change over time in a general 75+ population...
  40. doi request reprint Nutritional status, energy, protein, and micronutrient intake of older service house residents
    Tiina Vikstedt
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    J Am Med Dir Assoc 12:302-7. 2011
    ..To examine the nutritional status and energy, protein, and micronutrient intake of aged residents living in service houses and to compare how they meet official recommendations...
  41. pmc Porvoo sarcopenia and nutrition trial: effects of protein supplementation on functional performance in home-dwelling sarcopenic older people - study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Mikko P Björkman
    Geriatric Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Helsinki, PO Box 340, 00029 HUS Helsinki, Finland
    Trials 14:387. 2013
    ..The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of protein supplementation along with simple home-based exercises on physical performance among home-dwelling sarcopenic older people...
  42. ncbi request reprint Feelings related to first patient experiences in medical school. A qualitative study on students' personal portfolios
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    The Central Union for the Welfare of the Aged, Helsinki University Hospital, Clinic of General Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, P O Box 340, Helsinki, FIN 00029 HUS, Finland
    Patient Educ Couns 54:171-7. 2004
    ..Students felt guilty for using patients for their own learning purposes. Portfolios as learning tools may help in recognizing key experiences and support professional development of medical students...
  43. doi request reprint Clinical supervision among family physicians: prevalence, needs, and attitudes
    Martina A Torppa
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Prim Care Community Health 4:275-80. 2013
    ..Family physicians (FPs) have used Balint groups as a form of clinical supervision. In all, not much is known about the prevalence of physicians' attendance to or needs for CS...
  44. pmc Nutritional treatment of aged individuals with Alzheimer disease living at home with their spouses: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Satu K Jyvakorpi
    Society for Memory Disorders Expertise in Finland, Fredriksberginkatu 2, 00240 Helsinki, Finland
    Trials 13:66. 2012
    ..The aim of this study is to examine whether individualized nutritional care has an effect on weight, nutrition, health, physical functioning, and quality of life in older individuals with AD and their spouses living at home...
  45. pmc Suffering from loneliness indicates significant mortality risk of older people
    Reijo S Tilvis
    Clinics of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Box 340, 00290 HUS, Helsinki, Finland
    J Aging Res 2011:534781. 2011
    ..17 (CI = 1.02-1.33). The excess mortality was consistent in all major subgroups. Conclusion. Suffering from loneliness is common and indicates significant mortality risk in old age...
  46. ncbi request reprint The impact of different diagnostic criteria on prevalence rates for delirium
    Jouko V Laurila
    Geriatric Clinic, Department of Medicine, Helsinki University Hospital, HUS, Finland
    Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 16:156-62. 2003
    ..The DSM-IV and ICD-10 had the largest number of patients not overlapping with any other diagnostic group. The newest DSM-IV classification found more cases of delirium especially among acutely ill, hospitalized patients...
  47. ncbi request reprint Advance orders to limit therapy in 67 long-term care facilities in Finland
    Marja Liisa Laakkonen
    Helsinki City Hospital Koskela, P O Box 6410, FIN 00099 Helsinki, Finland
    Resuscitation 61:333-9. 2004
    ..To assess the documentation of a do-not-attempt-resuscitation (DNAR) or do-not-hospitalize (DNH) orders in the medical record and to determine factors related to these orders...
  48. ncbi request reprint Older people's reasoning for resuscitation preferences and their role in the decision-making process
    Marja Liisa Laakkonen
    Helsinki City Hospital Koskela, P O Box 6410, FIN 00099 Helsinki, Finland
    Resuscitation 65:165-71. 2005
    ..To investigate older patients' reasoning for their cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) preferences and the related decision-making process (DMP)...
  49. ncbi request reprint Inappropriate drug prescribing in home-dwelling, elderly patients: a population-based survey
    Kaisu H Pitkala
    Department of Medicine, Geriatric Clinic, Helsinki University Hospital, Finland
    Arch Intern Med 162:1707-12. 2002
    ..In 1997, a US expert panel developed explicit criteria on potentially inappropriate drugs for the general elderly population...
  50. ncbi request reprint Cholesterol and glucose metabolism and recurrent cardiovascular events among the elderly: a prospective study
    Timo E Strandberg
    Department of Public Health Science and General Practice, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    J Am Coll Cardiol 48:708-14. 2006
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Multifactorial intervention to prevent recurrent cardiovascular events in patients 75 years or older: the Drugs and Evidence-Based Medicine in the Elderly (DEBATE) study: a randomized, controlled trial
    Timo E Strandberg
    Department of Public Health Science and General Practice, University of Oulu, University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
    Am Heart J 152:585-92. 2006
    ..We aimed to examine whether better use of preventive methods and treatments of cardiovascular disease would reduce recurrent events in home-dwelling patients 75 years or older...
  52. ncbi request reprint Statin treatment is associated with clearly reduced mortality risk of cardiovascular patients aged 75 years and older
    Timo E Strandberg
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 63:213-4; author reply 214. 2008