J Merilä

Summary

Affiliation: University of Helsinki
Country: Finland

Publications

  1. pmc Heritability of asymmetry and lateral plate number in the threespine stickleback
    John Loehr
    Ecological Genetic Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    PLoS ONE 7:e39843. 2012
  2. pmc Variation in age and size in Fennoscandian three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus)
    Jacquelin Defaveri
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    PLoS ONE 8:e80866. 2013
  3. pmc Inheritance of vertebral number in the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus)
    Jussi S Alho
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    PLoS ONE 6:e19579. 2011
  4. pmc Cross-species testing and utility of microsatellite loci in Indirana frogs
    Abhilash Nair
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, FI 00014, Finland
    BMC Res Notes 5:389. 2012
  5. pmc Whole mitochondrial genome scan for population structure and selection in the Atlantic herring
    Amber Gf Teacher
    Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, P, O, Box 65, FI 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Evol Biol 12:248. 2012
  6. pmc Large differences in catch per unit of effort between two minnow trap models
    Juha Merilä
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Res Notes 6:151. 2013
  7. pmc High levels of fluctuating asymmetry in isolated stickleback populations
    Nina Trokovic
    Department of Biosciences, Ecological Genetics Research Unit, University of Helsinki, PO Box 65, FI 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Evol Biol 12:115. 2012
  8. doi Evolution in response to climate change: in pursuit of the missing evidence
    Juha Merilä
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Bioessays 34:811-8. 2012
  9. pmc Molecular sexing and population genetic inference using a sex-linked microsatellite marker in the nine-spined stickleback (Pungitius pungitius)
    Takahito Shikano
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, P, O, Box 65, FI 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Res Notes 4:119. 2011
  10. pmc High degree of sex chromosome differentiation in stickleback fishes
    Takahito Shikano
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, P O Box 65, FI 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Genomics 12:474. 2011

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. pmc Heritability of asymmetry and lateral plate number in the threespine stickleback
    John Loehr
    Ecological Genetic Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    PLoS ONE 7:e39843. 2012
    ..This discovery in an evolutionary model species holds the possibility to invigorate the study of FA from an evolutionary perspective...
  2. pmc Variation in age and size in Fennoscandian three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus)
    Jacquelin Defaveri
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    PLoS ONE 8:e80866. 2013
    ..We also describe a nanistic population from northern Finland exhibiting long life span and small body size. ..
  3. pmc Inheritance of vertebral number in the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus)
    Jussi S Alho
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    PLoS ONE 6:e19579. 2011
    ..In the case of the three-spined stickleback, independent evolution of body size and number of vertebrae should be possible given the low genetic correlation between the two traits...
  4. pmc Cross-species testing and utility of microsatellite loci in Indirana frogs
    Abhilash Nair
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, FI 00014, Finland
    BMC Res Notes 5:389. 2012
    ..Developing genomic resources for this amphibian taxon is particularly important as it is endemic to the Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot, and harbours several endangered species...
  5. pmc Whole mitochondrial genome scan for population structure and selection in the Atlantic herring
    Amber Gf Teacher
    Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, P, O, Box 65, FI 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Evol Biol 12:248. 2012
    ..The mitochondrial genome is a likely target for selection in this system due to its functional role in metabolism...
  6. pmc Large differences in catch per unit of effort between two minnow trap models
    Juha Merilä
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Res Notes 6:151. 2013
    ..We investigated how nine-spined stickleback (Pungitius pungitius) CPUE was influenced by trap model by comparing the CPUEs of two very similar minnow trap models fished side-by-side in a paired experimental design...
  7. pmc High levels of fluctuating asymmetry in isolated stickleback populations
    Nina Trokovic
    Department of Biosciences, Ecological Genetics Research Unit, University of Helsinki, PO Box 65, FI 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Evol Biol 12:115. 2012
    ....
  8. doi Evolution in response to climate change: in pursuit of the missing evidence
    Juha Merilä
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Bioessays 34:811-8. 2012
    ..In general, broad conclusions about the role of evolutionary adaptation in mitigating climate change induced fitness loss in the wild are as yet difficult to make...
  9. pmc Molecular sexing and population genetic inference using a sex-linked microsatellite marker in the nine-spined stickleback (Pungitius pungitius)
    Takahito Shikano
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, P, O, Box 65, FI 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Res Notes 4:119. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  10. pmc High degree of sex chromosome differentiation in stickleback fishes
    Takahito Shikano
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, P O Box 65, FI 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Genomics 12:474. 2011
    ....
  11. pmc A flexible whole-genome microarray for transcriptomics in three-spine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus)
    Erica H Leder
    Division of Genetics and Physiology, Department of Biology Vesilinnantie 5, University of Turku, Turku FI 20014, Finland
    BMC Genomics 10:426. 2009
    ....
  12. pmc Utility of sequenced genomes for microsatellite marker development in non-model organisms: a case study of functionally important genes in nine-spined sticklebacks (Pungitius pungitius)
    Takahito Shikano
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, P, O, Box 65, FI 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Genomics 11:334. 2010
    ..In addition, we examined the patterns and degree of SSR conservation between these species using their aligned sequences...
  13. pmc A first-generation microsatellite-based genetic linkage map of the Siberian jay (Perisoreus infaustus): insights into avian genome evolution
    Sonja Jaari
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, PO Box 65, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Genomics 10:1. 2009
    ..Knowledge of its genome structure and organization is required to advance our understanding of the genetic basis of ecologically important traits in this species, as well as to provide insights into avian genome evolution...
  14. pmc Disentangling genetic vs. environmental causes of sex determination in the common frog, Rana temporaria
    Chikako Matsuba
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, PO Box 65, University of Helsinki, FI 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Genet 9:3. 2008
    ..Here, we report results of studies shedding light on the sex determination system and sex ratio variation in this species...
  15. pmc Population variation in brain size of nine-spined sticklebacks (Pungitius pungitius)--local adaptation or environmentally induced variation?
    Abigél Gonda
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, PO Box 65, FI 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Evol Biol 11:75. 2011
    ....
  16. pmc Sex-specific population structure, natural selection, and linkage disequilibrium in a wild bird population as revealed by genome-wide microsatellite analyses
    Meng Hua Li
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, PO Box 65, FI 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Evol Biol 10:66. 2010
    ....
  17. pmc Increasing melanism along a latitudinal gradient in a widespread amphibian: local adaptation, ontogenic or environmental plasticity?
    Jussi S Alho
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, PO Box 65, FI 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Evol Biol 10:317. 2010
    ....
  18. doi Climate change and evolution: disentangling environmental and genetic responses
    P Gienapp
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, PO Box 65, FI 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Ecol 17:167-78. 2008
    ..Hence, clear-cut evidence indicating a significant role for evolutionary adaptation to ongoing climate warming is conspicuously scarce...
  19. ncbi Explaining stasis: microevolutionary studies in natural populations
    J Merilä
    Department of Population Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Sweden
    Genetica 112:199-222. 2001
    ..Understanding why most intensively studied natural populations do not appear to be evolving is an important challenge for evolutionary biology...
  20. ncbi Microsatellite marker data suggest sex-biased dispersal in the common frog Rana temporaria
    J U Palo
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, PO Box 65, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Ecol 13:2865-9. 2004
    ..Possible proximate and ultimate explanations for female-biased dispersal in amphibians are discussed...
  21. ncbi Latitudinal divergence of common frog (Rana temporaria) life history traits by natural selection: evidence from a comparison of molecular and quantitative genetic data
    J U Palo
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Ecology and Systematics, PO Box 65, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Ecol 12:1963-78. 2003
    ..In particular, they give evidence for natural selection being the primary agent behind the observed latitudinal differentiation in quantitative traits...
  22. ncbi Variation in the degree and costs of adaptive phenotypic plasticity among Rana temporaria populations
    J Merilä
    Department of Ecology and Systematics, Ecological Genetics Research Unit, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 17:1132-40. 2004
    ..In other words, seasonal time constraints that have selected the northern larvae to be fast growing and developing, may also constrain their innate ability for adaptive phenotypic plasticity...
  23. doi Evidence for genetic differentiation in timing of maturation among nine-spined stickleback populations
    N I A Ghani
    Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 26:775-82. 2013
    ..Thus, the observed population divergence is suggestive of strong natural selection against early maturation in the piscine-predator-free pond population...
  24. doi Identifying footprints of directional and balancing selection in marine and freshwater three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) populations
    H S Mäkinen
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, PO Box 65, FI 00014 University ofHelsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Ecol 17:3565-82. 2008
    ....
  25. ncbi Genetic and maternal effect influences on viability of common frog tadpoles under different environmental conditions
    S Pakkasmaa
    Department of Population Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, SE 75236 Uppsala, Sweden
    Heredity (Edinb) 91:117-24. 2003
    ..The low heritabilities and high dominance contributions conform to the pattern typical for traits subject to relatively strong directional selection...
  26. doi The postglacial recolonization of Northern Europe by Rana arvalis as revealed by microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA analyses
    T Knopp
    Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Ecological Genetics Research Unit, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Heredity (Edinb) 102:174-81. 2009
    ..These findings add to the increasing evidence that an intraspecific genetic biodiversity founded on the existence of eastern and western clades is a common element in Fennoscandian fauna and flora...
  27. doi Allen's rule revisited: quantitative genetics of extremity length in the common frog along a latitudinal gradient
    J S Alho
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 24:59-70. 2011
    ..While selection may have shortened the leg length in the north, the genetic trend seems to be partially masked by environmental effects...
  28. doi Brain plasticity over the metamorphic boundary: carry-over effect of larval environment on froglet brain development
    N Trokovic
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 24:1380-5. 2011
    ..We discuss the possibility that the observed changes may be adaptive, reflecting the needs of an organism in given environmental and developmental contexts...
  29. ncbi The utility of QTL-Linked markers to detect selective sweeps in natural populations--a case study of the EDA gene and a linked marker in threespine stickleback
    J M Cano
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, PO Box 65, FI 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Ecol 15:4613-21. 2006
    ....
  30. doi Evidence for adaptive phenotypic differentiation in Baltic Sea sticklebacks
    J Defaveri
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 26:1700-15. 2013
    ....
  31. doi Genetics of body shape and armour variation in threespine sticklebacks
    T Leinonen
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 24:206-18. 2011
    ..The directions of g(max) and p(max) were correlated, but the correlations were not high enough to imply that phenotypic patterns of trait variation and covariation within populations are very informative of underlying genetic patterns...
  32. ncbi Contrasting patterns of body shape and neutral genetic divergence in marine and lake populations of threespine sticklebacks
    T Leinonen
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, FI 00014, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 19:1803-12. 2006
    ..On the other hand, genetic drift can play an important role in the differentiation among lake populations...
  33. ncbi Mitochondrial DNA phylogeography of the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) in Europe-evidence for multiple glacial refugia
    H S Mäkinen
    Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, P O Box 65, FI 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 46:167-82. 2008
    ..Evidence from mtDNA analyses suggests that these populations deserve a status of an evolutionary significant unit...
  34. pmc Genetic basis of sexual dimorphism in the threespine stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus
    T Leinonen
    Department of Biosciences, Ecological Genetics Research Unit, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Heredity (Edinb) 106:218-27. 2011
    ..This implies that constraints for the evolution of SD imposed by strong genetic correlations are not as severe and absolute as commonly thought...
  35. doi Predation- and competition-mediated brain plasticity in Rana temporaria tadpoles
    A Gonda
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 23:2300-8. 2010
    ..These results demonstrate that ecological interactions - like intraspecific competition and predation risk - can have strong effects on brain development in lower vertebrates...
  36. pmc First-generation linkage map for the common frog Rana temporaria reveals sex-linkage group
    J M Cano
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Heredity (Edinb) 107:530-6. 2011
    ....
  37. ncbi Comparative studies of quantitative trait and neutral marker divergence: a meta-analysis
    T Leinonen
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 21:1-17. 2008
    ....
  38. ncbi Genetic architecture of fitness and nonfitness traits: empirical patterns and development of ideas
    J Merilä
    Department of Population Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, SE 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Heredity (Edinb) 83:103-9. 1999
    ..The role of epistasis should not be discounted either, since a large number of loci increases the potential for epistatic interactions, and epistasis is strongly implicated in hybrid breakdown...
  39. doi Genetic evidence for male-biased dispersal in the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus)
    J M Cano
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, PO Box 65, FI 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Ecol 17:3234-42. 2008
    ..Although more research both on the proximate and ultimate causes behind the observed pattern is needed, our results serve as a first step towards understanding patterns of sex-biased dispersal in this species...
  40. doi Population differences in levels of linkage disequilibrium in the wild
    M H Li
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, PO Box 65, FI 00014, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Ecol 20:2916-28. 2011
    ..In this example, the prospects are best in the Suupohja population, given that minimized marker genotyping and a minimum marker spacing of 1-5 cM (c. 200-600 kb) would be sufficient for a whole genome scan for detecting QTL...
  41. doi Genetic and environmental effects on a condition-dependent trait: feather growth in Siberian jays
    P Gienapp
    Department of Biosciences, Ecological Genetics Research Unit, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 23:715-23. 2010
    ..Consequently, variation in feather growth rates as assessed with ptilochronological methods can provide information about heritable genetic differences in condition...
  42. doi Evolution of stickleback feeding behaviour: genetics of population divergence at different ontogenetic stages
    G Herczeg
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 26:955-62. 2013
    ..We conclude that nine-spined sticklebacks exhibit different feeding personalities, and that the population divergence in feeding personality is explainable by age-dependent expression of genetic dominance...
  43. doi DRIFTSEL: an R package for detecting signals of natural selection in quantitative traits
    M Karhunen
    Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Ecol Resour 13:746-54. 2013
    ..DRIFTSEL can also be used to perform usual quantitative genetic analyses in common-garden study designs...
  44. doi Intraspecific divergence in the lateral line system in the nine-spined stickleback (Pungitius pungitius)
    N Trokovic
    Department of Biosciences, Ecological Genetics Research Unit, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 24:1546-58. 2011
    ..Hence, the results align with the conclusion that the mechanosensory lateral line system divergence among marine and pond nine-spined sticklebacks is adaptive...
  45. doi Phylogeography of isolated freshwater three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus populations in the Adriatic Sea basin
    J Defaveri
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological Sciences, FI 00014, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Fish Biol 80:61-85. 2012
    ..aculeatus...
  46. pmc Carry-over effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on larval fitness in Rana temporaria
    M Pahkala
    Department of Population Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, SE 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Proc Biol Sci 268:1699-706. 2001
    ..To this end, our results support the contention that carry-over effects from one life stage to another may be an important source of phenotypic variation in fitness...
  47. doi Bringing habitat information into statistical tests of local adaptation in quantitative traits: a case study of nine-spined sticklebacks
    M Karhunen
    Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, PO Box 65, FI 00014, Finland
    Evolution 68:559-68. 2014
    ..The results give quantitative support for earlier qualitative assessments, which have attributed the observed differentiation to adaptive divergence in response to differing ecological conditions in pond and marine habitats. ..
  48. doi Mechanism of hybridization between bream Abramis brama and roach Rutilus rutilus in their native range
    A Kuparinen
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, P O Box 65, FI 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Fish Biol 84:237-42. 2014
    ..brama and male R. rutilus. These results match with previous findings from introduced habitats, suggesting that mating between female A. brama and male R. rutilus is the predominant mechanism through which the two species hybridize. ..
  49. doi Extensive linkage disequilibrium in a wild bird population
    M H Li
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Heredity (Edinb) 104:600-10. 2010
    ....
  50. ncbi Cryptic evolution in a wild bird population
    J Merilä
    Department of Population Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, SE 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Nature 412:76-9. 2001
    ..The mismatch between response to selection at the levels of genotype and phenotype can be explained by environmental deterioration, concealing underlying evolution. This form of cryptic evolution may be common in natural environments...
  51. ncbi Predation mediated population divergence in complex behaviour of nine-spined stickleback (Pungitius pungitius)
    G Herczeg
    Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Ecological Genetic Research Unit, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 22:544-52. 2009
    ....
  52. ncbi Adaptive brain size divergence in nine-spined sticklebacks (Pungitius pungitius)?
    A Gonda
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 22:1721-6. 2009
    ..In general, the results suggest that genetically based brain size and structure differences can evolve relatively rapidly and in repeatable fashion with respect to habitat structure...
  53. ncbi Indirect genetic effects in a sex-limited trait: the case of breeding time in red-billed gulls
    C Teplitsky
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 23:935-44. 2010
    ..Our results demonstrate that a female trait is largely determined by genetic characteristics of its mate, and hence, any evolutionary change in red-billed gull breeding time depends critically on genetic variation in males...
  54. doi Genetic evidence for male-biased dispersal in the Siberian jay (Perisoreus infaustus) based on autosomal and Z-chromosomal markers
    M H Li
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, PO Box 65, FI 00014, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Ecol 19:5281-95. 2010
    ..The results also highlight the utility of Z-chromosomal markers for gaining insights into the genetic diversity and structuring of populations...
  55. ncbi Genetic relationships among marine and freshwater populations of the European three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) revealed by microsatellites
    H S Mäkinen
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Ecol 15:1519-34. 2006
    ..The stepwise mutations appear to have contributed to the population differentiation in the southern part of the three-spined stickleback distribution range...
  56. pmc Bias and precision in QST estimates: problems and some solutions
    R B O'Hara
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Helsinki, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Genetics 171:1331-9. 2005
    ..e., with <20 populations) was poor. Of the methods for estimating the precision, a simulation method, a parametric bootstrap, and the Bayesian approach returned the most precise estimates of the confidence intervals...
  57. doi Lunar periodicity and the timing of river entry in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar
    A Kuparinen
    Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, P O Box 65, 00014, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Fish Biol 74:2401-8. 2009
    ..Hence, the biological role of lunar cycle as a determinant of the timing of S. salar runs in the investigated populations was negligible, suggesting that lunar cycle per se does not play a role in the timing of S. salar river entry...
  58. doi Local adaptation to salinity in the three-spined stickleback?
    J Defaveri
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Evol Biol 27:290-302. 2014
    ....
  59. pmc Transcription and redox enzyme activities: comparison of equilibrium and disequilibrium levels in the three-spined stickleback
    M Nikinmaa
    Department of Biology, University of Turku, 20014, Finland
    Proc Biol Sci 280:20122974. 2013
    ..The responses to acute changes must, as has been demonstrated earlier, be based on changes in cellular conditions or properties of existing proteins without significant de novo synthesis of new gene products...
  60. ncbi Latitudinal countergradient variation in the common frog (Rana temporaria) development rates--evidence for local adaptation
    A T Laugen
    Department of Population Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    J Evol Biol 16:996-1005. 2003
    ..All in all, the results provide a demonstration of environmental effects concealing substantial latitudinally ordered genetic differentiation understandable in terms of adaptation to clinal variation in time constrains...
  61. doi Do male moor frogs (Rana arvalis) lek with kin?
    T Knopp
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, PO Box 65 FIN 00014, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Ecol 17:2522-30. 2008
    ....