Terho Heikkinen


Affiliation: University of Turku
Country: Finland


  1. Heikkinen T, Marttila J, Salmi A, Ruuskanen O. Nasal swab versus nasopharyngeal aspirate for isolation of respiratory viruses. J Clin Microbiol. 2002;40:4337-9 pubmed
    ..The sensitivity of nasal swabs was comparable to that of nasopharyngeal aspirates for the detection of all major respiratory viruses except respiratory syncytial virus. ..
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    Heikkinen T, Booy R, Campins M, Finn A, Olcen P, Peltola H, et al. Should healthy children be vaccinated against influenza? A consensus report of the Summits of Independent European Vaccination Experts. Eur J Pediatr. 2006;165:223-8 pubmed
    ..Annual influenza vaccination should be recommended to all children from 6 months to 3 years of age. ..
  3. Heikkinen T, Silvennoinen H, Heinonen S, Vuorinen T. Clinical and socioeconomic impact of moderate-to-severe versus mild influenza in children. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2016;35:1107-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Illness severity should be considered when assessing influenza vaccine effectiveness in children. ..
  4. Heikkinen T. Respiratory viruses and children. J Infect. 2016;72 Suppl:S29-33 pubmed publisher
    ..At present, antivirals and vaccines are only available against influenza viruses, but new vaccines and antivirals against other viruses, especially for RSV, are being developed. ..
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    Heikkinen T. The role of respiratory viruses in otitis media. Vaccine. 2000;19 Suppl 1:S51-5 pubmed
    ..The availability of effective vaccines against the principal viruses predisposing to acute otitis media could be expected to result in a substantial reduction in the incidence of this disease. ..
  6. Heikkinen T, Osterback R, Peltola V, Jartti T, Vainionpaa R. Human metapneumovirus infections in children. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:101-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Acute otitis media developed in 61% of hMPV-infected children <3 years of age. Our findings demonstrate that the effect of hMPV in the community is greatest in children <2 years of age...