K Alho

Summary

Affiliation: University of Helsinki
Country: Finland

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Early processing of pitch in the human auditory system
    Kimmo Alho
    Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior IR3C, University of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    Eur J Neurosci 36:2972-8. 2012
  2. doi request reprint Attention-related modulation of auditory-cortex responses to speech sounds during dichotic listening
    Kimmo Alho
    Division of Cognitive Psychology and Neuropsychology, Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res 1442:47-54. 2012
  3. ncbi request reprint Processing of novel sounds and frequency changes in the human auditory cortex: magnetoencephalographic recordings
    K Alho
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychophysiology 35:211-24. 1998
  4. ncbi request reprint Hemispheric lateralization of cerebral blood-flow changes during selective listening to dichotically presented continuous speech
    Kimmo Alho
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 17:201-11. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Selective attention to human voice enhances brain activity bilaterally in the superior temporal sulcus
    Kimmo Alho
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res 1075:142-50. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Brain activity during selective listening to natural speech
    Kimmo Alho
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Front Biosci 12:3167-76. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Combined mapping of human auditory EEG and MEG responses
    M Huotilainen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 108:370-9. 1998
  8. ncbi request reprint Brain activity index of distractibility in normal school-age children
    V Gumenyuk
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 13, FIN 00014, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 314:147-50. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint Selective tuning of the left and right auditory cortices during spatially directed attention
    K Alho
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 13, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 7:335-41. 1999
  10. ncbi request reprint Electromagnetic responses of the human auditory cortex generated by sensory-memory based processing of tone-frequency changes
    O Korzyukov
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 276:169-72. 1999

Detail Information

Publications63

  1. doi request reprint Early processing of pitch in the human auditory system
    Kimmo Alho
    Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior IR3C, University of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    Eur J Neurosci 36:2972-8. 2012
    ..This effect of pitch, not seen for the pure tones, might indicate that the exact location of the Nb generator source in the auditory cortex depends on the missing-fundamental pitch of the eliciting tone...
  2. doi request reprint Attention-related modulation of auditory-cortex responses to speech sounds during dichotic listening
    Kimmo Alho
    Division of Cognitive Psychology and Neuropsychology, Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res 1442:47-54. 2012
    ..This supports Kinsbourne's (1970) model of attention bias as a general principle of laterality...
  3. ncbi request reprint Processing of novel sounds and frequency changes in the human auditory cortex: magnetoencephalographic recordings
    K Alho
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychophysiology 35:211-24. 1998
    ..Source localization for the MEG counterpart of P3a (P3am) suggested that the auditory cortex in the superior temporal plane is involved in the neural network of involuntary attention switching to changes in the acoustic environment...
  4. ncbi request reprint Hemispheric lateralization of cerebral blood-flow changes during selective listening to dichotically presented continuous speech
    Kimmo Alho
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 17:201-11. 2003
    ..Evidence was also found for attentional tuning of the left and right auditory cortices to select information from the contralateral auditory hemispace...
  5. ncbi request reprint Selective attention to human voice enhances brain activity bilaterally in the superior temporal sulcus
    Kimmo Alho
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res 1075:142-50. 2006
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Brain activity during selective listening to natural speech
    Kimmo Alho
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Front Biosci 12:3167-76. 2007
    ..These studies suggest also that selective listening to speech depends less on prefrontal control functions than other kinds of listening tasks demanding selective attention...
  7. ncbi request reprint Combined mapping of human auditory EEG and MEG responses
    M Huotilainen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 108:370-9. 1998
    ..In addition, source-current components not detectable by MEG were shown to contribute to the measured EEG signals...
  8. ncbi request reprint Brain activity index of distractibility in normal school-age children
    V Gumenyuk
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 13, FIN 00014, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 314:147-50. 2001
    ..Moreover, differences in ERP amplitudes and in their correlations with the reaction times between younger (7-10 years) and older (11-13 years) children indicated developmental changes in attentional brain functions...
  9. ncbi request reprint Selective tuning of the left and right auditory cortices during spatially directed attention
    K Alho
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, P O Box 13, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 7:335-41. 1999
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Electromagnetic responses of the human auditory cortex generated by sensory-memory based processing of tone-frequency changes
    O Korzyukov
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 276:169-72. 1999
    ..This supports the idea that a sensory-memory trace formed in the auditory cortex by preceding repetitive sounds is a necessary precondition for MMN/MMNm elicitation...
  11. ncbi request reprint Hemispheric lateralization in preattentive processing of speech sounds
    K Alho
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 258:9-12. 1998
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Electrophysiological evidence for cross-modal plasticity in humans with early- and late-onset blindness
    T Kujala
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychophysiology 34:213-6. 1997
    ..These results suggest that cross-modal reorganization may occur even in the mature human brain...
  13. ncbi request reprint Brain dysfunction in neonates with cleft palate revealed by the mismatch negativity
    M Cheour
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Neurophysiol 110:324-8. 1999
    ..The present study aimed at investigating whether the MMN is attenuated already in newborns with cleft palate compared with healthy controls...
  14. ncbi request reprint Harmonic partials facilitate pitch discrimination in humans: electrophysiological and behavioral evidence
    M Tervaniemi
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 279:29-32. 2000
    ..Together these data indicate that pre-attentive and attentive pitch discrimination is facilitated with spectrally rich sounds in comparison to pure sinusoidal tones...
  15. ncbi request reprint Language-specific phoneme representations revealed by electric and magnetic brain responses
    R Naatanen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Nature 385:432-4. 1997
    ..Whole-head magnetic recordings located the source of this native-language, phoneme-related response enhancement, and thus the language-specific memory traces, in the auditory cortex of the left hemisphere...
  16. ncbi request reprint Fast vigilance decrement in closed head injury patients as reflected by the mismatch negativity (MMN)
    M L Kaipio
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neuroreport 12:1517-22. 2001
    ..However, the MMN amplitude for the pitch deviant decreased in the patient group during the experiment considerably faster than in controls, suggesting a faster vigilance decrement in the patients...
  17. ncbi request reprint Modulation of slow brain potentials by working memory load in spatial and nonspatial auditory tasks
    P Rama
    Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Physiology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neuropsychologia 38:913-22. 2000
    ..The results suggest that there is integration of auditory information processing in the neuronal networks engaged in mnemonic processing of pitch and location...
  18. ncbi request reprint Involuntary attention and distractibility as evaluated with event-related brain potentials
    C Escera
    Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, Spain
    Audiol Neurootol 5:151-66. 2000
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Electrical responses reveal the temporal dynamics of brain events during involuntary attention switching
    C Escera
    Neurodynamics Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, P Vall Hebron 171, E 08035 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    Eur J Neurosci 14:877-83. 2001
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Maturation of mismatch negativity in infants
    M Cheour
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Psychophysiol 29:217-26. 1998
    ..The mean MMN latency, however, decreased significantly with age, although in 3-month-old infants it was not much longer than in a previous study conducted in adults with the same stimuli...
  21. ncbi request reprint Effects of acoustic gradient noise from functional magnetic resonance imaging on auditory processing as reflected by event-related brain potentials
    N Novitski
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neuroimage 14:244-51. 2001
    ..In conclusion, the present results suggest that in fMRI the background noise does not interfere with the imaging of auditory processing related to involuntary attention...
  22. ncbi request reprint The mismatch negativity (MMN) in basic research of central auditory processing: a review
    R Naatanen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:2544-90. 2007
    ..In addition, the MMN enables one to establish the brain processes underlying the initiation of attention switch to, conscious perception of, sound change in an unattended stimulus stream...
  23. ncbi request reprint Dysfunction of the auditory cortex persists in infants with certain cleft types
    R Ceponiene
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Dev Med Child Neurol 42:258-65. 2000
    ..This pattern parallels known behavioural differences between children with these cleft types. Brain responses to rare sounds, in contrast, had no differentiative power with respect to the cleft type...
  24. ncbi request reprint The musical brain: brain waves reveal the neurophysiological basis of musicality in human subjects
    M Tervaniemi
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 226:1-4. 1997
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Processing abstract auditory features in the human auditory cortex
    Oleg A Korzyukov
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neuroimage 20:2245-58. 2003
    ..The present results support the view that auditory cortical functions can process sensory and categorical information in a similar manner...
  26. ncbi request reprint Electrophysiological evidence of enhanced distractibility in ADHD children
    V Gumenyuk
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 374:212-7. 2005
    ..In conclusion, the ERP and behavioral effects caused by the novel sounds reveal deficient control of involuntary attention in ADHD children that may underlie their abnormal distractibility...
  27. ncbi request reprint Lateralized automatic auditory processing of phonetic versus musical information: a PET study
    M Tervaniemi
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Hum Brain Mapp 10:74-9. 2000
    ..The data thus indicate that automatic activation of lateralized neuronal circuits requires sound comparison based on short-term sound representations...
  28. ncbi request reprint Effects of naltrexone and ethanol on auditory event-related brain potentials
    I P Jääskeläinen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Alcohol 15:105-11. 1998
    ..Furthermore, the N2b amplitude was significantly suppressed in the interaction condition, suggesting attentional impairment...
  29. ncbi request reprint Are different kinds of acoustic features processed differently for speech and non-speech sounds?
    M Jaramillo
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, PO Box 13, FIN 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 12:459-66. 2001
    ..This result might reflect enhanced processing of duration features in the Finnish language in which phoneme duration plays a critical role...
  30. ncbi request reprint Basic auditory dysfunction in dyslexia as demonstrated by brain activity measurements
    T Kujala
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychophysiology 37:262-6. 2000
    ..This failure can be traced to early cortical mechanisms that process auditory information independently of attention...
  31. ncbi request reprint Cerebral mechanisms underlying orienting of attention towards auditory frequency changes
    E Yago
    Neurodynamics Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, P. Vall d'Hebron 171, 08035-Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    Neuroreport 12:2583-7. 2001
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Enhanced brain activity preceding voluntary movement in early blind humans
    A Lehtokoski
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 253:155-8. 1998
    ..The results suggest functional changes in the blind subjects' brain activity, presumably, in the cortical areas involved in preparation and initiation of voluntary movement...
  33. ncbi request reprint Long-term exposure to noise impairs cortical sound processing and attention control
    Teija Kujala
    Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychophysiology 41:875-81. 2004
    ..These results demonstrate that long-term exposure to noise has long-lasting detrimental effects on central auditory processing and attention control...
  34. ncbi request reprint Interaural intensity difference and ear advantage in listening to dichotic consonant-vowel syllable pairs
    Jussi Tallus
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, Publicum, Assistentinkatu 7, FIN 20014, University of Turku, Finland
    Brain Res 1185:195-200. 2007
    ..It also interacted with the top-down control effects, attentional control having a stronger effect when attending to the ear that had a weaker sound intensity, as compared to when the intensities were equal...
  35. ncbi request reprint Mismatch negativity--the measure for central sound representation accuracy
    R Naatanen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Audiol Neurootol 2:341-53. 1997
    ..This accuracy, which can be measured separately for the different features of the sound, determines the individual's sound discrimination accuracy in normal and various pathological conditions...
  36. ncbi request reprint Preattentive processing of complex sounds in the human brain
    K Alho
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 233:33-6. 1997
    ..Even undetected deviant patterns of the attended ear and deviant patterns of the unattended ear elicited the mismatch negativity component of the ERP. These results indicate preattentive processing of complex sounds in the human brain...
  37. ncbi request reprint Orienting and maintenance of spatial attention in audition and vision: an event-related brain potential study
    Juha Salmi
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Neurosci 25:3725-33. 2007
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Orienting and maintenance of spatial attention in audition and vision: multimodal and modality-specific brain activations
    Juha Salmi
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, PO Box 9, Helsinki 00014, Finland
    Brain Struct Funct 212:181-94. 2007
    ....
  39. pmc Distributed cortical networks for focused auditory attention and distraction
    Teemu Rinne
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, and Helsinki Medical Imaging Center, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 416:247-51. 2007
    ..Loudness discrimination and distracting pitch changes activated common areas in the right supratemporal gyrus, left medial frontal cortex, left precentral gyrus, and left inferior parietal cortex...
  40. ncbi request reprint Human brain activity associated with audiovisual perception and attention
    Alexander Degerman
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neuroimage 34:1683-91. 2007
    ..This result supports the proposal that attention to stimuli in one modality can spread to encompass synchronously presented stimuli in another modality...
  41. doi request reprint Task-dependent activations of human auditory cortex during pitch discrimination and pitch memory tasks
    Teemu Rinne
    Department of Psychology, FI 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Neurosci 29:13338-43. 2009
    ..Together, our results indicate that activations of human AC are strongly dependent on the characteristics of the behavioral task...
  42. doi request reprint Brain networks of bottom-up triggered and top-down controlled shifting of auditory attention
    Juha Salmi
    Department of Psychology, PO Box 9, FI 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res 1286:155-64. 2009
    ....
  43. doi request reprint Selective attention to sound location or pitch studied with event-related brain potentials and magnetic fields
    Alexander Degerman
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Neurosci 27:3329-41. 2008
    ..Thus, the ERP scalp distribution differences between the location-related and pitch-related Nd effects may have been caused by activity of areas outside the STC, perhaps in the inferior parietal regions...
  44. ncbi request reprint Two separate mechanisms underlie auditory change detection and involuntary control of attention
    Teemu Rinne
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res 1077:135-43. 2006
    ....
  45. doi request reprint Auditory selective attention modulates activation of human inferior colliculus
    Teemu Rinne
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    J Neurophysiol 100:3323-7. 2008
    ..IC activations depended on the direction of attention, indicating that auditory processing in the human IC is not only determined by acoustic input but also by the current behavioral goals...
  46. ncbi request reprint Effects of auditory distraction on electrophysiological brain activity and performance in children aged 8-13 years
    Valentina Gumenyuk
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychophysiology 41:30-6. 2004
    ..Correlation between the RT increase caused by the distracting novel sounds and the amplitude of the LN elicited by these sounds suggested that the LN is associated with the degree of attention engaged by the distracting sounds...
  47. ncbi request reprint Superior temporal and inferior frontal cortices are activated by infrequent sound duration decrements: an fMRI study
    Teemu Rinne
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Neuroimage 26:66-72. 2005
    ..This activation tended to be greater for the small and medium changes than for the large ones...
  48. ncbi request reprint Electric brain responses indicate preattentive processing of abstract acoustic regularities in children
    Valentina Gumenyuk
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Neuroreport 14:1411-5. 2003
    ..These results suggest that the complexity of the auditory stimulation affects preattentive auditory change detection in children...
  49. ncbi request reprint Modulation of auditory cortex activation by sound presentation rate and attention
    Teemu Rinne
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Hum Brain Mapp 26:94-9. 2005
    ..In conclusion, our results show both rate-dependent and attention-related modulations of STC indicating that both factors should be controlled, or at least addressed, in fMRI studies of auditory processing...
  50. ncbi request reprint Activation in the anterior left auditory cortex associated with phonological analysis of speech input: localization of the phonological mismatch negativity response with MEG
    Anu Kujala
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, PO Box 9, FIN 00014, Finland
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 21:106-13. 2004
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Context modulates processing of speech sounds in the right auditory cortex of human subjects
    Anu Kujala
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, PO Box 13, University of Helsinki, FIN 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 331:91-4. 2002
    ..This facilitation thus was insensitive to the phonetic and semantic features of the context but might nevertheless reflect the participation of the right hemisphere in speech perception...
  52. ncbi request reprint Selective attention to sound location or pitch studied with fMRI
    Alexander Degerman
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Brain Res 1077:123-34. 2006
    ..The present results suggest some differences in the attentional selection of sounds on the basis of their location and pitch consistent with the suggested auditory "what" and "where" processing streams...
  53. ncbi request reprint Mismatch negativity brain response as an index of speech perception recovery in cochlear-implant recipients
    Eila Lonka
    Department of Phonetics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Audiol Neurootol 9:160-2. 2004
    ..We found that speech discrimination improved over time and the MMN, observed in all patients after 2.5 years of CI use, was first seen for the larger vowel difference and later for the smaller one...
  54. ncbi request reprint Does sleep quality affect involuntary attention switching system?
    Juha Salmi
    Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Child Psychiatry, University of Helsinki, Lastenlinnantie 2, 00250 Helsinki, Finland
    Neurosci Lett 390:150-5. 2005
    ..The correlation was higher in the posterior scalp areas. Our results suggest that the involuntary attention switching system, reflected by the P3a is sensitized as a function of decreased sleep quality...
  55. ncbi request reprint Attentional modulation of human auditory cortex
    Christopher I Petkov
    Center for Neuroscience, UC Davis, 1544 Newton Court, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Nat Neurosci 7:658-63. 2004
    ....
  56. ncbi request reprint Temporary and longer term retention of acoustic information
    Istvan Winkler
    Institute for Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest
    Psychophysiology 39:530-4. 2002
    ..Event-related brain potentials demonstrated the survival of an accurate representation of tone pitch in the auditory cortex. This result provides a link between short-duration buffering and permanent storage of acoustic information...
  57. ncbi request reprint The effect of stimulus intensity on the right ear advantage in dichotic listening
    Kenneth Hugdahl
    Department of Biological and Medical Psychology Cognitive NeuroScience Group, University of Bergen, Norway
    Neurosci Lett 431:90-4. 2008
    ..This finding could have implications for theories of auditory laterality and hemispheric asymmetry for phonological processing...
  58. ncbi request reprint Spatiotemporal dynamics of the auditory novelty-P3 event-related brain potential
    Elena Yago
    Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, P Vall d Hebron 171, 08035 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 16:383-90. 2003
    ..Taken together, these results provide the first evidence of the cerebral spatio-temporal dynamics underlying novelty processing...
  59. ncbi request reprint Electrophysiological evidence of abnormal activation of the cerebral network of involuntary attention in alcoholism
    Maria Dolores Polo
    Neurodynamics Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, P Vall d Hebron 171, 08035, Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Neurophysiol 114:134-46. 2003
    ..Here, a task designed to investigate with event-related brain potentials (ERPs) the neural mechanism underlying distraction was used to show abnormal involuntary orienting of attention in chronic alcoholism...
  60. ncbi request reprint Local landmark-based mapping of human auditory cortex
    Xiaojian Kang
    Department of Neurology and Center for Neuroscience, Sacremento, CA 95817, USA
    Neuroimage 22:1657-70. 2004
    ..These results suggest that LLMs have significant advantages over global mapping procedures in studying the details of auditory cortex organization...
  61. ncbi request reprint Linguistic processing in visual and modality-nonspecific brain areas: PET recordings during selective attention
    Victor A Vorobyev
    Institute of the Human Brain, Russian Academy of Sciences, St Petersburg, Russia
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 20:309-22. 2004
    ....
  62. pmc Loudness summation and the mismatch negativity event-related brain potential in humans
    Attila Oceák
    Institute for Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
    Psychophysiology 43:13-20. 2006
    ..MMN was elicited by tone omissions with random SOA, suggesting that loudness summation plays an important role in the elicitation of omission MMN...
  63. ncbi request reprint The auditory sensory memory trace decays rapidly in newborns
    Marie Cheour
    Language and the Developing Brain Laboratory, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Turku, Finland
    Scand J Psychol 43:33-9. 2002
    ..In view of the fact that in adults MMN is elicited even with a 10s SOA, these results imply that the time span of auditory memory is considerably shorter in neonates than in adults and 8-12-year-old children...