P Pietinen

Summary

Affiliation: National Public Health Institute
Country: Finland

Publications

  1. ncbi Nutrition and cardiovascular disease in Finland since the early 1970s: a success story
    P Pietinen
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    J Nutr Health Aging 5:150-4. 2001
  2. ncbi Serum enterolactone and risk of breast cancer: a case-control study in eastern Finland
    P Pietinen
    Department of Nutrition, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 10:339-44. 2001
  3. ncbi Labelling the salt content in foods: a useful tool in reducing sodium intake in Finland
    Pirjo Pietinen
    Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute KTL, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Public Health Nutr 11:335-40. 2008
  4. ncbi Age, education and occupation as determinants of trends in body mass index in Finland from 1982 to 1997
    M Lahti-Koski
    Department of Nutrition, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:1669-76. 2000
  5. ncbi Cardiovascular risk factor changes in Finland, 1972-1997
    E Vartiainen
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Epidemiol 29:49-56. 2000
  6. ncbi Determinants of serum enterolactone concentration
    A Kilkkinen
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:1094-100. 2001
  7. ncbi Flavonol and flavone intake and the risk of cancer in male smokers (Finland)
    T Hirvonen
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Helsinki, Finland
    Cancer Causes Control 12:789-96. 2001
  8. ncbi Trends in waist-to-hip ratio and its determinants in adults in Finland from 1987 to 1997
    M Lahti-Koski
    Department of Nutrition, the Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:1436-44. 2000
  9. ncbi Predictors of blood pressure change in a series of controlled dietary intervention studies
    A Nissinen
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    J Hum Hypertens 1:167-73. 1987
  10. ncbi Urinary sodium excretion and cardiovascular mortality in Finland: a prospective study
    J Tuomilehto
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Lancet 357:848-51. 2001

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications75

  1. ncbi Nutrition and cardiovascular disease in Finland since the early 1970s: a success story
    P Pietinen
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    J Nutr Health Aging 5:150-4. 2001
    ..At the same time, cardiovascular mortality decreased dramatically. The Finnish experience shows that dietary changes are possible but require a persistent and comprehensive intervention...
  2. ncbi Serum enterolactone and risk of breast cancer: a case-control study in eastern Finland
    P Pietinen
    Department of Nutrition, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 10:339-44. 2001
    ..Serum enterolactone level was significantly inversely associated with risk of breast cancer...
  3. ncbi Labelling the salt content in foods: a useful tool in reducing sodium intake in Finland
    Pirjo Pietinen
    Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute KTL, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Public Health Nutr 11:335-40. 2008
    ..To estimate the impact of choosing food products labelled either as low or high in salt on salt intake in the Finnish adult population...
  4. ncbi Age, education and occupation as determinants of trends in body mass index in Finland from 1982 to 1997
    M Lahti-Koski
    Department of Nutrition, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:1669-76. 2000
    ..To investigate trends in body mass index (BMI) and prevalence of obesity among adults in Finland from 1982 to 1997, and to identify population groups with increasing obesity...
  5. ncbi Cardiovascular risk factor changes in Finland, 1972-1997
    E Vartiainen
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Epidemiol 29:49-56. 2000
    ..Subsequently, a national cardiovascular risk factors monitoring system was developed to assess the effectiveness of the national strategy...
  6. ncbi Determinants of serum enterolactone concentration
    A Kilkkinen
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:1094-100. 2001
    ..The lignan enterolactone, which is produced by the intestinal microflora from dietary precursors, may protect against hormone-dependent cancers and cardiovascular diseases...
  7. ncbi Flavonol and flavone intake and the risk of cancer in male smokers (Finland)
    T Hirvonen
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Helsinki, Finland
    Cancer Causes Control 12:789-96. 2001
    ..To study the associations between the intake of flavonols and flavones and the risk of cancer...
  8. ncbi Trends in waist-to-hip ratio and its determinants in adults in Finland from 1987 to 1997
    M Lahti-Koski
    Department of Nutrition, the Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:1436-44. 2000
    ..Although abdominal obesity has been shown to be an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and a variety of other diseases, secular changes in fat distribution in populations have rarely been documented...
  9. ncbi Predictors of blood pressure change in a series of controlled dietary intervention studies
    A Nissinen
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    J Hum Hypertens 1:167-73. 1987
    ..The findings support the hypothesis that modification of dietary fat intake is a significant predictor of change in BP...
  10. ncbi Urinary sodium excretion and cardiovascular mortality in Finland: a prospective study
    J Tuomilehto
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Lancet 357:848-51. 2001
    ..We aimed to find out whether salt intake, measured by 24 h urinary sodium excretion, is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease frequency and mortality, and all-cause mortality...
  11. ncbi Lifetime alcohol consumption and breast cancer: a case-control study in Finland
    S Mannisto
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Nutrition, Helsinki, Finland
    Public Health Nutr 3:11-8. 2000
    ..To study the association between lifetime alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer...
  12. ncbi Sodium in the Finnish diet: II trends in dietary sodium intake and comparison between intake and 24-h excretion of sodium
    H Reinivuo
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:1160-7. 2006
    ..To estimate cross-sectional and long-term dietary sodium intakes and sources in Finland, and to evaluate the validity of 48-h recall to assess sodium intake...
  13. ncbi Dietary and serum alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene and retinol, and risk for colorectal cancer in male smokers
    N Malila
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:615-21. 2002
    ..To study the association between dietary and serum antioxidant vitamins and carotenoids and risk for colorectal cancer in male smokers...
  14. ncbi Dietary survey of the FINMONICA project in 1982
    P Pietinen
    Department of Epidemiology, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Acta Med Scand Suppl 728:169-77. 1988
    ..The regional differences in the quality of dietary fats seemed to be the result of both different occupational structures and different dietary habits within each occupational group, especially among women...
  15. ncbi A comparison of prospective and retrospective assessments of diet in a study of colorectal cancer
    N Malila
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Nutr Cancer 32:146-53. 1998
    ....
  16. ncbi Incidence of cancer and mortality following alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene supplementation: a postintervention follow-up
    Jarmo Virtamo
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    JAMA 290:476-85. 2003
    ..Postintervention follow-up provides information regarding duration of the intervention effects and may reveal potential late effects of these antioxidants...
  17. pmc Mortality, cardiovascular risk factors, and diet in China, Finland, and the United States
    E Vartiainen
    National Public Health Institute, Finland
    Public Health Rep 106:41-6. 1991
    ..This joint condition may be relatively common in Tianjin and calls for longitudinal and case-control studies to clarify the relationships among these factors in Tianjin...
  18. ncbi Secular trends in body mass index by birth cohort in eastern Finland from 1972 to 1997
    M Lahti-Koski
    Department of Nutrition, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:727-34. 2001
    ..To describe changes in body mass index (BMI) with age over a 25 y period, and to investigate whether those changes differed by birth cohort, gender or education...
  19. ncbi Efficacy and safety of food fortification with calcium among adults in Finland
    Tero Hirvonen
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Public Health Nutr 9:792-7. 2006
    ..To examine the efficacy and safety of foods fortified with calcium in the adult population in Finland...
  20. ncbi Validity of a food frequency questionnaire varied by age and body mass index
    Laura Paalanen
    Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    J Clin Epidemiol 59:994-1001. 2006
    ..The validity of food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) in measuring food consumption and nutrient intake has to be assessed. The objective of this study was to assess the validity of a 128-item FFQ in specific subgroups of Finnish adults...
  21. ncbi Intake of lignans is associated with serum enterolactone concentration in Finnish men and women
    Annamari Kilkkinen
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    J Nutr 133:1830-3. 2003
    ..2 mg). The main dietary sources of lignans, i.e., whole grain, vegetables and fruits, are foods commonly associated with lower risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Serum EL concentration is a feasible biomarker of lignan intake...
  22. ncbi Serum enterolactone concentration is not associated with prostate cancer risk in a nested case-control study
    Annamari Kilkkinen
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Helsinki, Finland
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12:1209-12. 2003
    ..00 (referent), 0.72 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.43-1.23], 0.98 (95% CI, 0.58-1.68), and 0.71 (95% CI, 0.42-1.21). Our findings do not support the hypothesis that enterolactone is involved in the development of prostate cancer...
  23. ncbi Phyto-oestrogen database of foods and average intake in Finland
    Liisa M Valsta
    National Public Health Institute KTL, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Nutrition Unit, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300, Finland
    Br J Nutr 89:S31-8. 2003
    ..The average intake of lignans and isoflavones in Finland seems to be low, but intake varies throughout the population...
  24. ncbi Antioxidant vitamins and coronary heart disease risk: a pooled analysis of 9 cohorts
    Paul Knekt
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1508-20. 2004
    ..Epidemiologic studies have suggested a lower risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) at higher intakes of fruit, vegetables, and whole grain. Whether this association is due to antioxidant vitamins or some other factors remains unclear...
  25. ncbi Flavonol and flavone intake and the risk of intermittent claudication in male smokers
    Tero Hirvonen
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Epidemiol 19:305-11. 2004
    ..63, 95% CI: 0.41-0.98). Adjustment for flavonol and flavone intake only marginally changed these associations. In conclusion, flavonol and flavone intake was not independently associated with the risk of intermittent claudication...
  26. ncbi Development of a model for optimal food fortification: vitamin D among adults in Finland
    Tero Hirvonen
    Dept of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Nutr 46:264-70. 2007
    ..However, there is a risk of unacceptably high intakes due to the rather narrow range of the adequate and safe intake. Therefore, a safe and efficient food fortification practice should be found for vitamin D...
  27. ncbi Serum enterolactone concentration is not associated with breast cancer risk in a nested case-control study
    Annamari Kilkkinen
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Cancer 108:277-80. 2004
    ..67 (95% CI 0.95-2.95), 1.71 (95% CI 0.96-3.06) and 1.30 (95% CI 0.73-2.31), and p for trend was 0.48. Our findings do not support the hypothesis that high serum enterolactone concentration is associated with reduced risk of breast cancer...
  28. ncbi Dietary patterns and breast cancer risk: results from three cohort studies in the DIETSCAN project
    Satu Mannisto
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Cancer Causes Control 16:725-33. 2005
    ..It is also important to examine whether the relationships between dietary patterns and breast cancer risk are consistent across populations...
  29. ncbi Use of oral antimicrobials decreases serum enterolactone concentration
    Annamari Kilkkinen
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Epidemiol 155:472-7. 2002
    ..Furthermore, recent use of antimicrobials should be considered when the association between serum enterolactone concentration and risk of chronic diseases is studied...
  30. ncbi Associations of body mass index and obesity with physical activity, food choices, alcohol intake, and smoking in the 1982-1997 FINRISK Studies
    Marjaana Lahti-Koski
    Departments of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:809-17. 2002
    ..Recent increases in the prevalence of obesity worldwide are suggested to be caused largely by an environment that promotes sedentariness and excessive food intake...
  31. ncbi Fatty acids and risk of prostate cancer in a nested case-control study in male smokers
    Satu Mannisto
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12:1422-8. 2003
    ..High serum myristic acid associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer...
  32. ncbi Sodium in the Finnish diet: 20-year trends in urinary sodium excretion among the adult population
    T Laatikainen
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute KTL, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:965-70. 2006
    ..In Finland, cross-sectional population surveys to monitor cardiovascular risk factors have been carried out since the 1970s. The main aim of this paper is to present trends in urinary sodium and potassium excretion from 1979 to 2002...
  33. ncbi Intake of flavonols and flavones and risk of coronary heart disease in male smokers
    T Hirvonen
    Department of Nutrition, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Epidemiology 12:62-7. 2001
    ..89 (95% confidence interval = 0.71-1.11). Thus, intake of flavonols and flavones was inversely associated with nonfatal myocardial infarction, whereas there was a weaker association with coronary death...
  34. ncbi Effects of reduced-fat diets with different fatty acid compositions on serum lipoprotein lipids and apolipoproteins
    A Aro
    Department of Nutrition, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Public Health Nutr 1:109-16. 1998
    ..To compare the effects on serum lipoproteins of three isocaloric diets with reduced total fat and saturated fatty acid (SFA) contents but with different proportions of monounsaturated (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA)...
  35. ncbi Associates of obesity and weight dissatisfaction among Finnish adolescents
    Vera Mikkilä
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Public Health Nutr 6:49-56. 2003
    ..We investigated behavioural and socio-economic factors associated with obesity and weight dissatisfaction among Finnish adolescents...
  36. ncbi Prevalence of weight cycling and its relation to health indicators in Finland
    Marjaana Lahti-Koski
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Obes Res 13:333-41. 2005
    ..This study was performed to identify weight cyclers and to assess the prevalence of weight cycling and its relation to health indicators in Finnish adults...
  37. ncbi Higher baseline serum concentrations of vitamin E are associated with lower total and cause-specific mortality in the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study
    Margaret E Wright
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch and the Genetic Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:1200-7. 2006
    ..Little is known, however, about the relation between mortality and circulating concentrations of vitamin E resulting from dietary intake, low-dose supplementation, or both...
  38. ncbi Iron and colorectal cancer risk in the alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene cancer prevention study
    Amanda J Cross
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, Rockville, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 118:3147-52. 2006
    ..7, 95% CI = 1.4-15.1, p trend = 0.009). In summary, we found a significant inverse association between several serum iron indices and colon cancer risk...
  39. doi Magnesium, calcium, potassium, and sodium intakes and risk of stroke in male smokers
    Susanna C Larsson
    Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, National Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Arch Intern Med 168:459-65. 2008
    ..A high intake of magnesium, calcium, and potassium and a low intake of sodium have been hypothesized to reduce the risk of stroke. However, prospective data relating intake of these minerals to risk of stroke are inconsistent...
  40. ncbi Major dietary patterns and cardiovascular risk factors from childhood to adulthood. The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study
    Vera Mikkilä
    Division of Nutrition, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Br J Nutr 98:218-25. 2007
    ..Our results support earlier findings that dietary patterns have a role in the development of CVD...
  41. ncbi A prospective study of dietary calcium, dairy products and prostate cancer risk (Finland)
    Panagiota N Mitrou
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Int J Cancer 120:2466-73. 2007
    ..The results from this large prospective study suggest that intake of calcium or some related component contained in dairy foods is associated with increased prostate cancer risk...
  42. ncbi Genetic variation in interleukin 8 and its receptor genes and its influence on the risk and prognosis of prostate cancer among Finnish men in a large cancer prevention trial
    Hannah P Yang
    Emerging Leaders Program, DHHS, Washington, DC, USA
    Eur J Cancer Prev 15:249-53. 2006
    ..Although none of the SNPs studied are likely to have major effects on prostate cancer susceptibility, a role for other polymorphisms associated within these genes cannot be excluded...
  43. ncbi Dietary factors of one-carbon metabolism in relation to non-Hodgkin lymphoma and multiple myeloma in a cohort of male smokers
    Unhee Lim
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Boulevard, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:1109-14. 2006
    ..Our results suggest that high intake of vitamin B12 among heavy smokers may be protective against NHL but warrant further studies, including among nonsmokers...
  44. ncbi A prospective study of anthropometric and clinical measurements associated with insulin resistance syndrome and colorectal cancer in male smokers
    Katherine Bowers
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 164:652-64. 2006
    ..58, 95% CI: 1.18, 2.10), but not rectal cancer. These results support the hypothesis that the significant association observed between IRS-defining metabolic abnormalities and colorectal cancer is determined primarily by adiposity...
  45. ncbi Effects of alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene supplementation on upper aerodigestive tract cancers in a large, randomized controlled trial
    Margaret E Wright
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Cancer 109:891-8. 2007
    ..Although smoking and alcohol consumption are the major risk factors for upper aerodigestive tract cancers, observational studies indicate a protective role for fruits, vegetables, and antioxidant nutrients...
  46. ncbi Fruits, vegetables, and colon cancer risk in a pooled analysis of 14 cohort studies
    Anita Koushik
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:1471-83. 2007
    ..Statistical power to examine associations by colon site has been limited in previous studies...
  47. ncbi Dietary factors of one-carbon metabolism and prostate cancer risk
    Stephanie J Weinstein
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:929-35. 2006
    ..Vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12, methionine, and alcohol can influence folate-related metabolism...
  48. ncbi A prospective nested case-control study of vitamin D status and pancreatic cancer risk in male smokers
    Rachael Z Stolzenberg-Solomon
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Department of Health Human Services, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    Cancer Res 66:10213-9. 2006
    ..Our results are intriguing and may provide clues that further the understanding of the etiology of this highly fatal cancer...
  49. ncbi Opposing risks of gastric cardia and noncardia gastric adenocarcinomas associated with Helicobacter pylori seropositivity
    Farin Kamangar
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Blvd, Rm 3034, Bethesda, MD 20892 7232, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 98:1445-52. 2006
    ..pylori strain differences are less clear. We conducted a prospective nested case-control study of H. pylori serology to address these questions...
  50. ncbi A prospective investigation of height and prostate cancer risk
    Jacqueline S P Sequoia
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, 6120 Executive Boulevard, EPS 3044, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:2174-8. 2006
    ..02 (1.37-2.97); P(trend) = 0.0008, P(interaction) = 0.002]. Our study provides additional evidence that increased height is a risk factor for prostate cancer and suggests that taller men are particularly susceptible to advanced disease...
  51. ncbi Polymorphisms in inflammation-related genes and risk of gastric cancer (Finland)
    Farin Kamangar
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, US National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7232, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 17:117-25. 2006
    ..Our results do not support the hypothesis that polymorphisms in genes involved in the inflammatory response confer differences in gastric cancer risk among different individuals...
  52. ncbi Physical activity and lung cancer risk in male smokers
    Lisa H Colbert
    Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 98:770-3. 2002
    ..There may, however, be some modest risk reduction associated with leisure activity among younger smokers. Published 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc...
  53. ncbi Physical activity and renal cell cancer risk in a cohort of male smokers
    Somdat Mahabir
    Cancer Prevention Studies Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Int J Cancer 108:600-5. 2004
    ..18-1.13) (p-value for trend = 0.12). Occupational physical activity was unrelated to renal cell cancer risk. These data suggest that recreational physical activity may play a role in the prevention of renal cell cancer in men...
  54. ncbi Common and country-specific dietary patterns in four European cohort studies
    Helena F Balder
    Department of Nutritional Epidemiology, TNO Nutrition and Food Research, Zeist, The Netherlands
    J Nutr 133:4246-51. 2003
    ..Our findings suggest that some important eating patterns are shared by the four populations under study, whereas other eating patterns are population specific...
  55. ncbi Null association between prostate cancer and serum folate, vitamin B(6), vitamin B(12), and homocysteine
    Stephanie J Weinstein
    Divison of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12:1271-2. 2003
  56. ncbi Fruits, vegetables and lung cancer: a pooled analysis of cohort studies
    Stephanie A Smith-Warner
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Cancer 107:1001-11. 2003
    ..However, we cannot rule out the possibility that our results are due to residual confounding by smoking. The primary focus for reducing lung cancer incidence should continue to be smoking prevention and cessation...
  57. ncbi No Association between toenail selenium levels and bladder cancer risk
    Dominique S Michaud
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11:1505-6. 2002
  58. ncbi [Factors linked to obesity and body weight perception in adolescents]
    Vera Mikkilä
    TAYS n lastenklinikka PL 2000, 33521 Tampere
    Duodecim 118:921-9. 2002
  59. ncbi Dietary carotenoids, serum beta-carotene, and retinol and risk of lung cancer in the alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene cohort study
    Crystal N Holick
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 156:536-47. 2002
    ..These findings suggest that high fruit and vegetable consumption, particularly a diet rich in carotenoids, tomatoes, and tomato-based products, may reduce the risk of lung cancer...
  60. ncbi A prospective study of medical conditions, anthropometry, physical activity, and pancreatic cancer in male smokers (Finland)
    Rachael Z Stolzenberg-Solomon
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD 20852 7026, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 13:417-26. 2002
    ..To examine the association between several medical conditions, anthropometric measurements, occupational and leisure physical activity, and pancreatic cancer in a cohort of male Finnish smokers...
  61. ncbi Prospective study of diet and pancreatic cancer in male smokers
    Rachael Z Stolzenberg-Solomon
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7232, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:783-92. 2002
    ..03 (p trend = 0.02), respectively). These results support the hypothesis that a high intake of saturated fat may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer in smokers, while greater intakes of energy and carbohydrate may reduce the risk...
  62. ncbi Dietary fiber and risk of coronary heart disease: a pooled analysis of cohort studies
    Mark A Pereira
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN55454, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:370-6. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to conduct a pooled analysis of dietary fiber and its subtypes and risk of coronary heart disease...
  63. ncbi A randomized placebo-controlled crossover trial with phytoestrogens in treatment of menopause in breast cancer patients
    Eini Nikander
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Obstet Gynecol 101:1213-20. 2003
    ..We studied the effects of daily use of isoflavonoids on climacteric symptoms and quality of life in patients with a history of breast cancer...
  64. ncbi Development of a comprehensive dietary antioxidant index and application to lung cancer risk in a cohort of male smokers
    Margaret E Wright
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 160:68-76. 2004
    ..14), 0.91 (95% CI: 0.79, 1.05), 0.79 (95% CI: 0.68, 0.92), and 0.84 (95% CI: 0.72, 0.98) (p for trend = 0.002). These findings support the hypothesis that a combination of dietary antioxidants reduces lung cancer risk in male smokers...
  65. ncbi Dairy foods, calcium, and colorectal cancer: a pooled analysis of 10 cohort studies
    Eunyoung Cho
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 96:1015-22. 2004
    ..Studies in animals have suggested that calcium may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. However, results from epidemiologic studies of intake of calcium or dairy foods and colorectal cancer risk have been inconclusive...
  66. ncbi Dietary patterns associated with colon and rectal cancer: results from the Dietary Patterns and Cancer (DIETSCAN) Project
    L Beth Dixon
    New York University, Department of Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1003-11. 2004
    ..An analysis of dietary patterns or combinations of foods may provide insight regarding the influence of diet on the risk of colon and rectal cancer...
  67. ncbi Prospective study of alcohol drinking and renal cell cancer risk in a cohort of finnish male smokers
    Somdat Mahabir
    Cancer Prevention Studies Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, 6116 Executive Boulevard, Suite 705, MSC 8314, Bethesda, MD 20892 7058, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:170-5. 2005
    ..Because most of the risk reductions were seen at the highest quartile of alcohol intake and alcohol is a risk factor for a number of cancers particularly among smokers, these data should be interpreted with caution...
  68. ncbi Serum alpha-tocopherol and gamma-tocopherol in relation to prostate cancer risk in a prospective study
    Stephanie J Weinstein
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 97:396-9. 2005
    ..Participants with higher circulating concentrations of the major vitamin E fractions, alpha-tocopherol and gamma-tocopherol, had similarly lower prostate cancer risk...
  69. ncbi Estimated urine pH and bladder cancer risk in a cohort of male smokers (Finland)
    Margaret E Wright
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 16:1117-23. 2005
    ....
  70. ncbi Tooth loss is associated with increased risk of gastric non-cardia adenocarcinoma in a cohort of Finnish smokers
    Christian C Abnet
    Cancer Prevention Studies Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Scand J Gastroenterol 40:681-7. 2005
    ..pylori seropositivity...
  71. ncbi Fruits, vegetables, and antioxidants and risk of gastric cancer among male smokers
    Mehdi Nouraie
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7232, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:2087-92. 2005
    ..Tocopherols were associated with higher risk of GCC, whereas dietary intake of fruits, vitamin C, tocopherols, and lycopene seemed protective for GNCC...
  72. ncbi Intakes of coffee, tea, milk, soda and juice and renal cell cancer in a pooled analysis of 13 prospective studies
    Jung Eun Lee
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Int J Cancer 121:2246-53. 2007
    ..Instead, greater consumption of coffee and tea may be associated with a lower risk of renal cell cancer. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc...
  73. ncbi Serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and risk of non-hodgkin lymphoma
    Unhee Lim
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    Cancer Res 67:5569-74. 2007
    ..06). Our findings implicate HDL-C as a preclinical indicator of NHL and warrant further prospective investigations for its etiologic contribution...
  74. ncbi Alcohol intake and colorectal cancer: a pooled analysis of 8 cohort studies
    Eunyoung Cho
    Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health, and Harvard Center for Cancer Prevention, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Ann Intern Med 140:603-13. 2004
    ..However, findings related to specific alcoholic beverages or different anatomic sites in the large bowel have been inconsistent...
  75. ncbi Dietary fiber intake and risk of colorectal cancer: a pooled analysis of prospective cohort studies
    Yikyung Park
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 294:2849-57. 2005
    ..Inconsistent findings from observational studies have continued the controversy over the effects of dietary fiber on colorectal cancer...