T Laatikainen

Summary

Affiliation: National Public Health Institute
Country: Finland

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Changes in cardiovascular risk factors and health behaviours from 1992 to 1997 in the Republic of Karelia, Russia
    Tiina Laatikainen
    National Public Health Institute KTL, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 12:37-43. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular risk factors in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Aida Pilav
    Department of Health statistics and informatics, Federal Public Health Institute Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Eur J Public Health 17:75-9. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint Prevention of type 2 diabetes in a primary health care setting. Interim results from the Greater Green Triangle (GGT) Diabetes Prevention Project
    Annamari Kilkkinen
    Greater Green Triangle University Department of Rural Health, Flinders University and Deakin University, Warrnambool, Victoria, Australia
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 76:460-2. 2007
  4. pmc The impact of diabetes on coronary heart disease differs from that on ischaemic stroke with regard to the gender
    Marjukka Hyvärinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Cardiovasc Diabetol 8:17. 2009
  5. ncbi request reprint Sodium in the Finnish diet: 20-year trends in urinary sodium excretion among the adult population
    T Laatikainen
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute KTL, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:965-70. 2006
  6. pmc Prevention of type 2 diabetes by lifestyle intervention in an Australian primary health care setting: Greater Green Triangle (GGT) Diabetes Prevention Project
    Tiina Laatikainen
    Greater Green Triangle University Department of Rural Health, Flinders and Deakin Universities, PO Box 423, Warrnambool, Victoria, 3280, Australia
    BMC Public Health 7:249. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Explaining the decline in coronary heart disease mortality in Finland between 1982 and 1997
    Tiina Laatikainen
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Epidemiol 162:764-73. 2005
  8. doi request reprint Chronic disease risk factors in rural Australia: results from the Greater Green Triangle risk factor surveys
    Tiina Laatikainen
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Asia Pac J Public Health 21:51-62. 2009
  9. pmc Increased mortality related to heavy alcohol intake pattern
    T Laatikainen
    KTL National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Helsinki, Finland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:379-84. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Microbial content of drinking water in Finnish and Russian Karelia - implications for atopy prevalence
    L von Hertzen
    Skin and Allergy Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Allergy 62:288-92. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications59

  1. ncbi request reprint Changes in cardiovascular risk factors and health behaviours from 1992 to 1997 in the Republic of Karelia, Russia
    Tiina Laatikainen
    National Public Health Institute KTL, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 12:37-43. 2002
    ..In Russia rapid changes have taken place both in total and chronic disease mortality during recent years. Little reliable information is available on the trends in conventional risk factors in Russia...
  2. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular risk factors in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Aida Pilav
    Department of Health statistics and informatics, Federal Public Health Institute Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Eur J Public Health 17:75-9. 2007
    ..Reliable information on risk factor levels and patterns needed in prevention planning and disease management has been lacking...
  3. ncbi request reprint Prevention of type 2 diabetes in a primary health care setting. Interim results from the Greater Green Triangle (GGT) Diabetes Prevention Project
    Annamari Kilkkinen
    Greater Green Triangle University Department of Rural Health, Flinders University and Deakin University, Warrnambool, Victoria, Australia
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 76:460-2. 2007
    ..Our results suggest that the present model is effective and feasible to carry out in primary care settings...
  4. pmc The impact of diabetes on coronary heart disease differs from that on ischaemic stroke with regard to the gender
    Marjukka Hyvärinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Cardiovasc Diabetol 8:17. 2009
    ..To study the diabetes related CVD risk between men and women of different ages...
  5. ncbi request reprint Sodium in the Finnish diet: 20-year trends in urinary sodium excretion among the adult population
    T Laatikainen
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute KTL, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:965-70. 2006
    ..In Finland, cross-sectional population surveys to monitor cardiovascular risk factors have been carried out since the 1970s. The main aim of this paper is to present trends in urinary sodium and potassium excretion from 1979 to 2002...
  6. pmc Prevention of type 2 diabetes by lifestyle intervention in an Australian primary health care setting: Greater Green Triangle (GGT) Diabetes Prevention Project
    Tiina Laatikainen
    Greater Green Triangle University Department of Rural Health, Flinders and Deakin Universities, PO Box 423, Warrnambool, Victoria, 3280, Australia
    BMC Public Health 7:249. 2007
    ..Randomised controlled trials demonstrate a 60% reduction in type 2 diabetes incidence through lifestyle modification programmes. The aim of this study is to determine whether such programmes are feasible in primary health care...
  7. ncbi request reprint Explaining the decline in coronary heart disease mortality in Finland between 1982 and 1997
    Tiina Laatikainen
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Epidemiol 162:764-73. 2005
    ..It also emphasizes the importance of maximizing population coverage of effective treatments...
  8. doi request reprint Chronic disease risk factors in rural Australia: results from the Greater Green Triangle risk factor surveys
    Tiina Laatikainen
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Asia Pac J Public Health 21:51-62. 2009
    ..Continuing surveillance of levels and patterns of risk factors is fundamentally important for planning and evaluating preventive activities...
  9. pmc Increased mortality related to heavy alcohol intake pattern
    T Laatikainen
    KTL National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Helsinki, Finland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:379-84. 2003
    ..Although moderate alcohol intake is related to decreased all cause and ischaemic heart disease mortality, intake of large amounts at a time may be harmful...
  10. ncbi request reprint Microbial content of drinking water in Finnish and Russian Karelia - implications for atopy prevalence
    L von Hertzen
    Skin and Allergy Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Allergy 62:288-92. 2007
    ....
  11. doi request reprint Physical activity behaviours of adults in the Greater Green Triangle region of rural Australia
    Clare Vaughan
    Greater Health, Greater Green Triangle University Department of Rural Health, Flinders and Deakin Universities, Warrnambool, Victoria, Australia
    Aust J Rural Health 16:92-9. 2008
    ..To assess physical activity (PA) behaviours of adults in rural Australia...
  12. doi request reprint Relationship between body mass index and mortality among Europeans
    X Song
    Department of Public Health, Hjelt Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 66:156-65. 2012
    ..To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and mortality from various causes...
  13. doi request reprint Ethnic comparison of the association of undiagnosed diabetes with obesity
    R Nyamdorj
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 34:332-9. 2010
    ..The aim of the study was to investigate the crude prevalence and estimated probability of undiagnosed diabetes in different ethnic groups, given the same level of obesity...
  14. ncbi request reprint Self-reported health in the Republic of Karelia, Russia and in north Karelia, Finland in 1992
    S Heistaro
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Health and Disability, Mannerheimintie 160, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 11:74-80. 2001
    ..Little is known, however, whether similar differences exist in subjective health...
  15. doi request reprint Marital status, educational level and household income explain part of the excess mortality of survey non-respondents
    Hanna Tolonen
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Epidemiol 25:69-76. 2010
    ..These can be reasons for persons not taking part in population surveys...
  16. ncbi request reprint Fifteen-year changes in body mass index and waist circumference in Finnish adults
    Marjaana Lahti-Koski
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 14:398-404. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate 15-year changes in general and abdominal obesity among adults in Finland, and furthermore, to assess whether obesity trends differ between educational groups...
  17. doi request reprint Thirty-five-year trends in cardiovascular risk factors in Finland
    Erkki Vartiainen
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Epidemiol 39:504-18. 2010
    ..From 1972 to 2007, risk factor surveys have been carried out to monitor risk factor trends and assess their contribution to declining mortality in Finland...
  18. doi request reprint Mapping geographical variation in obesity in Finland
    Marjaana Lahti-Koski
    Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 18:637-43. 2008
    ..The geographical pattern of mean anthropometric values and obesity prevalence were studied applying a Bayesian hierarchical approach and Geographical Information Systems...
  19. ncbi request reprint Sodium in the Finnish diet: II trends in dietary sodium intake and comparison between intake and 24-h excretion of sodium
    H Reinivuo
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:1160-7. 2006
    ..To estimate cross-sectional and long-term dietary sodium intakes and sources in Finland, and to evaluate the validity of 48-h recall to assess sodium intake...
  20. ncbi request reprint A disparity in the association of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema with allergen-specific IgE between Finnish and Russian Karelia
    P T Pekkarinen
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Allergy 62:281-7. 2007
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Socio-economic status and abdominal obesity among Finnish adults from 1992 to 2002
    S Sarlio-Lähteenkorva
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1653-60. 2006
    ..To examine 10-year changes in waist circumference (WC) and identify socio-economic groups having higher WC than expected by their body mass index (BMI)...
  22. ncbi request reprint Dyslipidaemia in rural Australia: prevalence, awareness, and adherence to treatment guidelines in the Greater Green Triangle Risk Factor Study
    Edward D Janus
    Greater Green Triangle University Department of Rural Health, Flinders University and Deakin University, Warrnambool, Vic
    Med J Aust 192:127-32. 2010
    ..To determine population lipid profiles, awareness of hyperlipidaemia and adherence to Australian lipid management guidelines...
  23. doi request reprint Blood lipid levels in relation to glucose status in European men and women without a prior history of diabetes: the DECODE Study
    L Zhang
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 82:364-77. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between lipid and glucose levels in a large European population without a prior history of diabetes...
  24. ncbi request reprint Rural smokers - a prevention opportunity
    Anna Chapman
    Greater Green Triangle University Department of Rural Health, Flinders and Deakin Universities, Warrnambool, Monash University, Victoria
    Aust Fam Physician 38:352-6. 2009
    ..Smoking is the largest single cause of preventable death and disease in Australia. This study describes smoking prevalence and the characteristics of rural smokers to guide general practitioners in targeting particular groups...
  25. ncbi request reprint The combined use of cholesterol-lowering drugs and cholesterol-lowering bread spreads: health behavior data from Finland
    Nynke de Jong
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Prev Med 39:849-55. 2004
    ..This study analyses the prevalence of use of drugs, bread spreads or the combination of both in people aware of their high/elevated cholesterol level, and compares users of the three therapies on health behavior and demographics...
  26. doi request reprint Monitoring diet and diet-related chronic disease risk factors in Finland
    Satu Mannisto
    Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO Box 30, FI 00271, Helsinki, Finland
    Public Health Nutr 13:907-14. 2010
    ....
  27. doi request reprint Twenty-five year socioeconomic trends in leisure-time and commuting physical activity among employed Finns
    T Makinen
    Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 19:188-97. 2009
    ..Our data suggest that socioeconomic differences in leisure-time and commuting physical activity are quite small and have remained similar between 1978 and 2002...
  28. doi request reprint Does the constellation of risk factors with and without abdominal adiposity associate with different cardiovascular mortality risk?
    W Gao
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Mannerheimintie 172, 6th Floor, KTTL, 6krs, PL 41, Helsinki FIN 00014, Finland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:757-62. 2008
    ....
  29. doi request reprint Systematic error of serum triglyceride measurements during three decades and the effect of fasting on serum triglycerides in population studies
    Jouko Sundvall
    Department of Health and Functional Capacity, National Public Health Institute, KTL, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Chim Acta 397:55-9. 2008
    ..The aim of the study was to assess which factors are responsible for systematic errors in the measurement of serum triglycerides (Tg) and the effect of fasting on serum triglycerides in Finnish population surveys...
  30. doi request reprint Increased stroke risk is related to a binge-drinking habit
    Laura Sundell
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Stroke 39:3179-84. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different drinking patterns on stroke risk, independent of average alcohol intake...
  31. doi request reprint Trends in self-reported sleep duration and insomnia-related symptoms in Finland from 1972 to 2005: a comparative review and re-analysis of Finnish population samples
    Erkki Kronholm
    The National Public Health Institute, Turku, Finland
    J Sleep Res 17:54-62. 2008
    ..In conclusion, the Finnish data during the past 33 years indicate a general decrease in self-reported sleep duration of about 18 min and an increase of sleep complaints, especially among the employed middle-aged population...
  32. ncbi request reprint Trends in fatal and nonfatal strokes among persons aged 35 to > or =85 years during 1991-2002 in Finland
    Pia Pajunen
    KTL National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Stroke 36:244-8. 2005
    ..Declining trends in the incidence and mortality of stroke have been observed in Finland since the beginning of the 1980s until 1997. In this study we analyzed the trends in fatal and nonfatal strokes in Finland during 1991-2002...
  33. ncbi request reprint Associations of leisure time physical activity, self-rated physical fitness, and estimated aerobic fitness with serum C-reactive protein among 3,803 adults
    Katja Borodulin
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Atherosclerosis 185:381-7. 2006
    ..Serum C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of systemic inflammation, is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Obesity and physical activity are associated with CRP, though population studies are sparse...
  34. ncbi request reprint Thirty-year trends of physical activity in relation to age, calendar time and birth cohort in Finnish adults
    Katja Borodulin
    Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 18:339-44. 2008
    ..The aim of this article was to investigate time trends 1972-2002 in leisure time, occupational and commuting physical activity across birth cohorts in Finnish adults...
  35. doi request reprint Comparison of definitions of metabolic syndrome in relation to the risk of developing stroke and coronary heart disease in Finnish and Swedish cohorts
    Qing Qiao
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Stroke 40:337-43. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare definitions of metabolic syndrome with regard to their prediction of stroke and coronary heart disease incidence...
  36. ncbi request reprint Trends in fatal and non-fatal coronary heart disease events in Finland during 1991-2001
    Pia Pajunen
    KTL National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Scand Cardiovasc J 38:340-4. 2004
    ..To analyse the trends in fatal and non-fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) events in Finland during an 11-year period 1991-2001...
  37. ncbi request reprint Associations between estimated aerobic fitness and cardiovascular risk factors in adults with different levels of abdominal obesity
    Katja Borodulin
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 12:126-31. 2005
    ..We investigated the association between estimated aerobic fitness and cardiovascular risk factors, and how the association is affected by abdominal obesity...
  38. ncbi request reprint Changes in cardiovascular risk factors among adolescents from 1995 to 2004 in the Republic of Karelia, Russia
    Anastasiya Rogacheva
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 17:257-62. 2007
    ..This study aims to investigate changes in the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among adolescents in the Republic of Karelia, Russia, from 1995 to 2004...
  39. doi request reprint Smoking and related factors of the social environment among adolescents in the Republic of Karelia, Russia in 1995 and 2004
    Anastasiya Rogacheva
    Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 18:630-6. 2008
    ..To investigate changes in smoking prevalence associated with social factors and existing health policies among adolescents in Russia from 1995 to 2004...
  40. ncbi request reprint Growing disparities in atopy between the Finns and the Russians: a comparison of 2 generations
    Leena von Hertzen
    Skin and Allergy Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 117:151-7. 2006
    ..We examined the occurrence and risk factors of atopy among schoolchildren and their mothers in 2 geographically adjacent areas with fundamental differences in living conditions and lifestyles...
  41. pmc The association of levels of physical activity with metabolic syndrome in rural Australian adults
    Clare Vaughan
    Greater Green Triangle University Department of Rural Health, A partnership between Flinders and Deakin Universities, Warrnambool, 3280 Victoria, Australia
    BMC Public Health 9:273. 2009
    ..The aim of this study is to determine the association of PA level with metabolic syndrome in a rural Australian population. The influence of adiposity on these associations is also investigated...
  42. pmc Hyperglycemia and stroke mortality: comparison between fasting and 2-h glucose criteria
    Marjukka Hyvärinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Diabetes Care 32:348-54. 2009
    ..We investigated stroke mortality in individuals in different categories of glycemia and compared hazard ratios (HRs) corresponding to a 1-SD increase in 2-h plasma glucose and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) criteria...
  43. doi request reprint Explaining the 25-year decline of serum cholesterol by dietary changes and use of lipid-lowering medication in Finland
    Liisa M Valsta
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO Box 30, FI 00271, Helsinki, Finland
    Public Health Nutr 13:932-8. 2010
    ....
  44. doi request reprint Socio-economic differences in the use of dairy fat in Russian and Finnish Karelia, 1994-2004
    Laura Paalanen
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Public Health 55:325-37. 2010
    ..To determine socio-economic differences from 1994 to 2004 in the use of butter and milk in Pitkäranta in the Republic of Karelia, Russia and North Karelia, Finland...
  45. ncbi request reprint Self-reported alcohol consumption and association to carbohydrate-deficient transferrin and gamma-glutamyltransferase in a random sample of the general population in the Republic of Karelia, Russia and in North Karelia, Finland
    Tiina Laatikainen
    Department of Epidemiology, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Alcohol Alcohol 37:282-8. 2002
    ..These results suggest that alcohol consumption especially in Russia may not be reliably estimated by self-reporting, and that alcohol consumption is relatively high, especially among men, in RUS...
  46. ncbi request reprint Do health behaviour and psychosocial risk factors explain the European east-west gap in health status?
    M Laaksonen
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 11:65-73. 2001
    ..Health behaviour and psychosocial factors have been suggested to be important contributors to East-West differences in mortality and health status...
  47. ncbi request reprint Exhaled nitric oxide in healthy nonatopic school-age children: determinants and height-adjusted reference values
    L P Malmberg
    Department of Allergy, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Pediatr Pulmonol 41:635-42. 2006
    ..Due to the strong effect of atopy, FENO data should not be interpreted without knowing the atopic status of the child. The present reference values of FENO may serve in clinical assessments for measuring airway inflammation in children...
  48. doi request reprint The impact of dyslipidaemia on cardiovascular mortality in individuals without a prior history of diabetes in the DECODE Study
    Lei Zhang
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Mannerheimintie 172, Helsinki, Finland
    Atherosclerosis 206:298-302. 2009
    ..To evaluate the impact of dyslipidaemia on cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in relation to fasting (FPG) and 2-h (2hPG) plasma glucose levels in individuals without a prior history of diabetes...
  49. ncbi request reprint Association of age and education with different types of leisure-time physical activity among 4437 Finnish adults
    Katja Borodulin
    National Public Health Institute, Dept of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, Helsinki, Finland
    J Phys Act Health 5:242-51. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of age and education with types of leisure-time physical activity in a population sample of Finnish adults...
  50. doi request reprint Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke at work, at home, and during leisure time: a cross-sectional population sample
    Kristiina Patja
    National Public Health Institute, KTL, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Mannerheimintie 166, Helsinki, Finland
    Nicotine Tob Res 10:1327-33. 2008
    ..Total exposure levels should be studied to assess the health impacts of ETS...
  51. ncbi request reprint Serum homocysteine at 16 weeks and subsequent preeclampsia
    R Hietala
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Obstet Gynecol 97:527-9. 2001
    ..99 (6.42, 7.55) micromol/L, were similar to those who remained normotensive, 6.91 (6.45, 7.34) micromol/L. CONCLUSION: Significant changes in homocysteine metabolism did not predate the appearance of clinical preeclampsia...
  52. pmc Depression: an important comorbidity with metabolic syndrome in a general population
    James A Dunbar
    Greater Green Triangle University Department of Rural Health, Flinders and Deakin Universities, Warrnambool, Victoria, Australia
    Diabetes Care 31:2368-73. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to examine in a sample representative of the general population whether depression, anxiety, and psychological distress are associated with metabolic syndrome and its components...
  53. ncbi request reprint Infectious burden as a determinant of atopy-- a comparison between adults in Finnish and Russian Karelia
    Leena C von Hertzen
    Skin and Allergy Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Int Arch Allergy Immunol 140:89-95. 2006
    ..We investigated the association between markers of infections and occurrence of atopy among adults in eastern Finland and western Russia, two adjacent areas with profound differences in living conditions and lifestyles...
  54. ncbi request reprint Overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome in rural southeastern Australia
    Edward D Janus
    Department of Medicine, Western Health, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Med J Aust 187:147-52. 2007
    ..To measure the prevalence of overweight, obesity and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in rural Australia...
  55. ncbi request reprint Heavy drinking occasions and depression
    Laura Manninen
    Department of Public Health and General Practice, University of Kuopio, Finland
    Alcohol Alcohol 41:293-9. 2006
    ..To assess the risk of depression for subjects with or without heavy drinking occasions after adjusting for the average long-term alcohol consumption, age, gender, marital status, employment status, and chronic diseases...
  56. ncbi request reprint Health behaviours as explanations for educational level differences in cardiovascular and all-cause mortality: a follow-up of 60 000 men and women over 23 years
    Mikko Laaksonen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 18:38-43. 2008
    ..We examined the extent to which seven health behaviours covering dietary habits, smoking and physical activity, can account for relative differences in cardiovascular and all-cause mortality by educational level...
  57. ncbi request reprint Trends in lifestyle factors affecting blood pressure in hypertensive and normotensive Finns during 1982-2002
    Mika Kastarinen
    Department of Internal Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland
    J Hypertens 25:299-305. 2007
    ..To assess the trends in blood pressure (BP) affecting lifestyle factors in hypertensive and normotensive Finns from 1982 to 2002...
  58. pmc Periodontitis is associated with a low concentration of vitamin C in plasma
    Pirkko J Pussinen
    Institute of Dentistry, University of Helsinki, and Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, Helsinki University Central Hospital Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 10:897-902. 2003
    ..In conclusion, P. gingivalis infection is associated with low concentrations of vitamin C in plasma, which may increase colonization of P. gingivalis or disturb the healing of the infected periodontium...
  59. ncbi request reprint Risk score for the prediction of dementia risk in 20 years among middle aged people: a longitudinal, population-based study
    Miia Kivipelto
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Lancet Neurol 5:735-41. 2006
    ..Several vascular risk factors are associated with dementia. We sought to develop a simple method for the prediction of the risk of late-life dementia in people of middle age on the basis of their risk profiles...